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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888704/preparation-of-a-novel-resin-with-acyl-and-thiourea-groups-and-its-properties-for-cu-ii-removal-from-aqueous-solution
#1
Xiaoping Huang, Xiaoyu Cao, Weihong Wang, Hong Zhong, Zhanfang Cao
In this paper, a new resin (PIDTR) containing acyl and thiourea chelating groups was synthesized and its adsorption performances and mechanism to Cu(II) were investigated by adsorption tests, BET, SEM, FTIR and XPS analyses. Equilibrium data were fitted well with Langmuir model with the maximum adsorption capacity of 1.1608 mmol g(-1) for Cu(II) at pH 5.0. The regeneration and reusability test showed that the adsorption capacities decreased from 0.917 mmol g(-1) to 0.88 mmol g(-1) after five cycles of adsorption and desorption...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847139/swimming-three-ice-miles-within-fifteen-hours
#2
Mirko Stjepanovic, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Beat Knechtle
Ice Mile swimming (1608 m in water of below 5 °Celsius) is becoming increasingly popular. This case study aimed to identify body core temperature and selected haematological and biochemical parameters before and after repeated Ice Miles. An experienced ice swimmer completed three consecutive Ice Miles within 15 h. Swim times, body core temperatures, and selected urinary and haematological parameters were recorded. Body core temperature reached its maximum between 5, 8 and 15 min after immersion (37.7°C, 38...
August 31, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829690/component-optimization-of-dairy-manure-vermicompost-straw-and-peat-in-seedling-compressed-substrates-using-simplex-centroid-design
#3
Longyuan Yang, Hongliang Cao, Qiaoxia Yuan, Shuai Luo, Zhigang Liu
Vermicomposting is a promising method to disposal dairy manures, and the dairy manure vermicompost (DMV) to replace expensive peat is high-value in the application of seedling compressed substrates. In this research, three main components, DMV, straw, and peat are conducted in the compressed substrates, and the effect of individual component and the corresponding optimal ratio for the seedling production are significant. To address these issues, the simplex-centroid experimental mixture design is employed, and the cucumber seedling experiment is conducted to evaluate the compressed substrates...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799489/toward-enhancing-the-enzymatic-activity-of-a-novel-fungal-polygalacturonase-for-food-industry-optimization-and-biochemical-analyses
#4
Yousseria M H Shetaia, Ashraf F El-Baz, Ahmed M ElMekawy
BACKGROUND: The review of literature and patents shows that enhancing the PG production and activity are still required to fulfill the increasing demands. METHODS: A dual optimization process, which involved Plackett-Burman design (PBD), with seven factors, and response surface methodology, was applied to optimize the production of extracellular polygalacturonase (PG) enzyme produced by a novel strain of Aspergillus flavus isolated from rotten orange fruit. The fungal PG was purified and biochemically characterized...
August 11, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792360/in-their-own-words-a-qualitative-exploration-of-last-statements-of-capital-punishment-inmates-in-the-state-of-missouri-1995-2011
#5
Maranda A Upton, Tabitha M Carwile, Kristina S Brown
Last statements have been a common practice as part of capital punishment as far back as the 1300s in Europe. In the United States, the first execution occurred in 1608, and currently, 32 states have the death penalty. In 1991, Missouri integrated death row inmates into the general prison population, which makes this population unique compared with other death row populations across the United States. This article is a qualitative study on the themes found in the last statements of 46 capitally punished inmates in Missouri from 1995 to 2011...
September 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769100/resistance-training-alone-reduces-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-prehypertensive-and-hypertensive-individuals-meta-analysis
#6
Evitom Corrêa de Sousa, Odilon Abrahin, Ana Lorena Lima Ferreira, Rejane Pequeno Rodrigues, Erik Artur Cortinhas Alves, Rodolfo Paula Vieira
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance training alone on the systolic and diastolic blood pressure in prehypertensive and hypertensive individuals. Our meta-analysis, followed the guidelines of PRISMA. The search for articles was realized by November 2016 using the following electronic databases: BIREME, PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS and SciELO and a search strategy that included the combination of titles of medical affairs and terms of free text to the key concepts: 'hypertension' 'hypertensive', 'prehypertensive', 'resistance training', 'strength training', and 'weight-lifting'...
August 3, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665235/facial-feature-tracking-a-psychophysiological-measure-to-assess-exercise-intensity
#7
Kathleen H Miles, Bradley Clark, Julien D Périard, Roland Goecke, Kevin G Thompson
The primary aim of this study was to determine whether facial feature tracking reliably measures changes in facial movement across varying exercise intensities. Fifteen cyclists completed three, incremental intensity, cycling trials to exhaustion while their faces were recorded with video cameras. Facial feature tracking was found to be a moderately reliable measure of facial movement during incremental intensity cycling (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.65-0.68). Facial movement (whole face (WF), upper face (UF), lower face (LF) and head movement (HM)) increased with exercise intensity, from lactate threshold one (LT1) until attainment of maximal aerobic power (MAP) (WF 3464 ± 3364mm, P < 0...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653802/safety-profile-of-h1-antihistamines-in-pediatrics-an-analysis-based-on-data-from-vigibase
#8
Domenico Motola, Monia Donati, Chiara Biagi, Elisabetta Calamelli, Francesca Cipriani, Mauro Melis, Luca Monaco, Alberto Vaccheri, Giampaolo Ricci
PURPOSE: H1-antihistamines are commonly used in infants and children for the relief of histamine-mediated symptoms in a variety of conditions. Little is known about their safety profile in these patients. We performed a comparative analysis of the safety profiles of H1-antihistamines using data from the WHO database (VigiBase). METHODS: We selected adverse drug reaction (ADR) reports on H1-antihistamines in children (0-16 years) up to June 2014 from VigiBase. ADRs were codified according to MedDRA terminology...
June 27, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628565/open-versus-laparoscopic-surgery-for-advanced-low-rectal-cancer-a-large-multicenter-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study-in-japan
#9
Koya Hida, Ryosuke Okamura, Yoshiharu Sakai, Tsuyoshi Konishi, Tomonori Akagi, Tomohiro Yamaguchi, Takashi Akiyoshi, Meiki Fukuda, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Michio Yamamoto, Tatsuto Nishigori, Kenji Kawada, Suguru Hasegawa, Satoshi Morita, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer is widely performed all over the world and several randomized controlled trials have been reported. However, the usefulness of laparoscopic surgery compared with open surgery has not been demonstrated sufficiently, especially for the low rectal area. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that laparoscopic primary tumor resection is safe and effective when compared with the open approach for locally advanced low rectal cancer...
June 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573803/effect-of-socio-economic-status-on-sleep
#10
Won Hee Seo, Jung Hyun Kwon, So-Hee Eun, Gunha Kim, Kyungdo Han, Byung Min Choi
AIM: Sufficient sleep is an important factor in physical and mental health. Sleep duration can be affected by socio-economic status (SES). This study aimed to examine the association between sleep duration and SES in Korean adolescents. METHODS: This study was conducted with 1608 adolescents aged 12-18 years, based on data from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Sleep duration was self-reported in hours and three SES indicators were used: household income, basic livelihood security programmes and type of health insurance...
June 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505513/polyfluoroalkyl-substance-exposure-in-the-mid-ohio-river-valley-1991-2012
#11
Robert L Herrick, Jeanette Buckholz, Frank M Biro, Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Changchun Xie, Susan M Pinney
BACKGROUND: Industrial discharges of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) to the Ohio River, contaminating water systems near Parkersburg, WV, were previously associated with nearby residents' serum PFOA concentrations above US general population medians. Ohio River PFOA concentrations downstream are elevated, suggesting Mid-Ohio River Valley residents are exposed through drinking water. OBJECTIVES: Quantify PFOA and 10 other per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in Mid-Ohio River Valley resident sera collected between 1991 and 2013 and determine whether the Ohio River and Ohio River Aquifer are exposure sources...
September 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459136/pharmacokinetics-of-grapiprant-a-selective-ep4-prostaglandin-pge2-receptor-antagonist-after-2-mg-kg-oral-and-i-v-administrations-in-cats
#12
B Lebkowska-Wieruszewska, V De Vito, H Owen, A Poapholatep, M Giorgi
Drugs that provide effective analgesia in cats are limited. The aim of the study was to assess the pharmacokinetics of grapiprant after 2 mg/kg administration via p.o. and i.v. routes in cats. Six healthy adult cats were used according to an open, single-dose, two-treatment, two-period, randomized cross-over design. Cats were assigned to two treatment groups and administered with 2 mg/kg of grapiprant (pure powder) through p.o. and i.v. administration. Blood samples were collected at preassigned times and analysed by a validated HPLC method...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448761/sleeping-cupid-by-caravaggio-what-diagnosis
#13
Paolo Pozzilli, Marco Cappa
OBJECTIVE: The Sleeping Cupid, by Italian painter Caravaggio is a masterpiece painted in 1608. Signs of an endocrine disease are hidden among the shadows of the painting. We decided to conduct a survey among endocrinologists practicing in Italy and asked them if they could identify a specific disease condition in Caravaggio's Sleeping Cupid. METHODS: A total of 86 members from 2 Italian endocrine societies completed the survey: 67 from the Society of Endocrinology and 19 from the Society of Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetology...
July 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389420/the-reviews-are-in-a-qualitative-content-analysis-of-consumer-perspectives-on-apps-for-bipolar-disorder
#14
Jennifer Nicholas, Andrea S Fogarty, Katherine Boydell, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: The delivery of mobile health (mHealth) services is acceptable to mental health consumers. However, despite the benefits of accessibility, cost-effectiveness, anonymity, and ability to tailor content to individual needs, consumer engagement remains a hurdle for uptake and continued use. This may be unsurprising as few studies have examined app content from the consumer perspective or assessed consumer preferences for the content of apps for mental health management. An opportunity to examine consumer perspectives exists in using naturally generated data that is publically available in the Google Play and Apple app stores...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343818/comparative-performances-of-serologic-and-molecular-assays-for-detecting-human-t-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-and-type-2-htlv-1-and-htlv-2-in-patients-infected-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1-hiv-1
#15
Karoline Rodrigues Campos, Maria Gisele Gonçalves, Nadia Aparecida Costa, Adele Caterino-de-Araujo
The present study evaluated several techniques currently available (commercial kits and in-house assays) for diagnosing human T lymphotropic viruses types 1 and 2 in two groups of patients enrolled at HIV/AIDS specialized care services in São Paulo: Group 1 (G1), n=1608, 1237 male/371 female, median age 44.3 years old, majority using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART); G2, n=1383, 930 male/453 female, median age of 35.6 years old, majority HAART naïve. Enzyme immunoassays [(EIA) Murex and Gold ELISA] were employed for human T lymphotropic viruses types 1 and 2 screening; Western blotting (WB), INNO-LIA (LIA), real-time PCR pol (qPCR), and nested-PCR-RFLP (tax) were used to confirm infection...
March 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341965/reliability-of-a-laryngo-pharyngeal-esthesiometer-and-a-method-for-measuring-laryngo-pharyngeal-mechano-sensitivity-in-a-prospectively-recruited-cohort-of-patients
#16
Luis F Giraldo-Cadavid, Javier Burguete, Felipe Rueda, Ana M Galvis, Natalia Castaneda, Luis M Agudelo-Otalora, William D Moscoso, Nelson Paez, Secundino Fernandez
There are not reliable methods for measuring laryngo-pharyngeal mechano-sensitivity (LPMS). We aimed to determine the reliability of a new method for measuring LPMS using a new laryngo-pharyngeal esthesiometer (LPEER) in a prospective cohort of dysphagic stroke and non-dysphagic patients. The patients underwent clinical and endoscopic evaluations of swallowing (FESSST). The LPMS assessments consisted of measurements by an expert and a novel rater of the laryngeal-adductor reflex threshold (LART), cough reflex threshold (CRT) and gag reflex threshold (GRT) using the LPEER...
March 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332920/terminal-decline-of-episodic-memory-and-perceptual-speed-in-a-biracial-population
#17
Robert S Wilson, Kumar B Rajan, Lisa L Barnes, Willemijn Jansen, Priscilla Amofa, Jennifer Weuve, Denis A Evans
We compared trajectories of terminal cognitive decline in older Black (n = 3372) and White (n = 1756) persons from a defined population who completed tests of episodic memory and perceptual speed at 3-year intervals for up to 18 years. During a mean of 9.9 years of observation, 1608 Black persons and 902 White persons died. Preterminal decline of episodic memory did not differ by race. Terminal episodic memory decline began earlier in Black persons (mean of 4.3 years before death) than in White persons (mean = 3...
March 23, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316621/impact-of-pressurized-intraperitoneal-aerosol-chemotherapy-on-quality-of-life-and-symptoms-in-patients-with-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Hugo Teixeira Farinha, Fabian Grass, Amaniel Kefleyesus, Chahin Achtari, Benoit Romain, Michael Montemurro, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
Background. Peritoneal cancer treatment aims to prolong survival, but preserving Quality of Life (QoL) under treatment is also a priority. Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy (PIPAC) is a novel minimally invasive repeatable treatment modality. The aim of the present study was to assess QoL in our cohort of PIPAC patients. Methods. Analysis of all consecutive patients included from the start of PIPAC program (January 2015). QoL (0-100: optimal) and symptoms (no symptom: 0-100) were measured prospectively before and after every PIPAC procedure using EORTC QLQ-C30...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223468/high-ambulatory-arterial-stiffness-index-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-rapid-age-related-glomerular-filtration-rate-decline-in-the-general-middle-aged-population
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bjørn Odvar Eriksen, Vidar Tor Nyborg Stefansson, Trond Geir Jenssen, Ulla Dorte Mathisen, Jørgen Schei, Marit Dahl Solbu, Tom Wilsgaard, Toralf Melsom
Arterial stiffness is a risk factor for cardiovascular and chronic kidney disease. However, the role of arterial stiffness as a predictor of the age-related glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decline in the general population remains unresolved because of difficulty in measuring GFR with sufficient precision in epidemiological studies. The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) is a proposed indicator of arterial stiffness easily calculated from ambulatory blood pressure. We investigated whether AASI could predict GFR decline measured as iohexol clearance in the general population...
April 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221285/genome-wide-methylation-analysis-of-a-large-population-sample-shows-neurological-pathways-involvement-in-chronic-widespread-musculoskeletal-pain
#20
Gregory Livshits, Ida Malkin, Maxim B Freidin, Yudong Xia, Fei Gao, Jun Wang, Timothy D Spector, Alex MacGregor, Jordana T Bell, Frances M K Williams
Chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain (CWP), has a considerable heritable component, which remains to be explained. Epigenetic factors may contribute to and account for some of the heritability estimate. We analysed epigenome-wide methylation using MeDIPseq in whole blood DNA from 1708 monozygotic and dizygotic Caucasian twins having CWP prevalence of 19.9%. Longitudinally stable methylation bins (lsBINs), were established by testing repeated measurements conducted ≥3 years apart, n = 292. DNA methylation variation at lsBINs was tested for association with CWP in a discovery set of 50 monozygotic twin pairs discordant for CWP, and in an independent dataset (n = 1608 twins), and the results from the 2 samples were combined using Fisher method...
June 2017: Pain
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