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Marc J A Stevens, Roger Stephan, Sophia Johler
Staphylococcus aureus 1608 is a strain that caused a lethal mastitis in cows. Here, the draft genome sequence of the strain is presented.
January 5, 2017: Genome Announcements
Ying-Chih Chi, Jeremy T Rahkola, Agnieszka A Kendrick, Michael J Holliday, Natasia Paukovich, Thomas S Roberts, Edward N Janoff, Elan Z Eisenmesser
IgA1 proteases (IgA1P) from diverse pathogenic bacteria specifically cleave human immunoglobulin A1 (IgA1) at the hinge region, thereby thwarting protective host immune responses. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) IgA1P shares no sequence conservation with serine or cysteine types of IgA1Ps or other known proteins, other than a conserved HExxH Zn-binding motif (1604-1608) found in metalloproteases. We have developed a novel expression system to produce the mature S. pneumoniae IgA1P and we have discovered that this form is both attached to the bacterial cell surface and release in its full form...
December 28, 2016: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Giovanni Melina, Emiliano Angeloni, Simone Refice, Cristian Benegiamo, Andrea Lechiancole, Maria Matteucci, Antonino Roscitano, Roberto Bianchini, Fabio Capuano, Cosimo Comito, Pietro Spitaleri, Euclide Tonelli, Giulio Speciale, Christian Pristipino, Francesco Monti, Roberto Serdoz, Francesco Paneni, Riccardo Sinatra
OBJECTIVES: To quantify residual coronary artery disease measured using the SYNTAX score (SS) and its relation to outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis on a consecutive series of 1608 patients [mean age 68 years, standard deviation (SD): 7, F:M, 242:1366] undergoing first-time isolated CABG from 2004 to 2015. The baseline SS was retrospectively determined from preoperative angiograms, and the residual SS (rSS) was measured during assessment of the actual operative report for each patient after CABG...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Chen Zhou, Yang Zhang, Xiping Gong, Fuming Ying, Peifeng Su, Wei Wu
In this work, a valence bond type multi-reference density functional theory (MRDFT) method, called Hamiltonian matrix correction based density functional valence bond method (hc-DFVB), is presented. In hc-DFVB, the static electronic correlation is considered by the valence bond self-consistent field (VBSCF) strategy, while the dynamic correlation energy is taken into account by Kohn-Sham density functional theory (KS-DFT). Different from our previous version of DFVB (J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2012, 8, 1608), hc-DFVB corrects the dynamic correlation energy with a Hamiltonian correction matrix, improving the functional adaptability and computational accuracy...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Josh L Hixson, Yoji Hayasaka, Christopher D Curtin, Mark A Sefton, Dennis K Taylor
Synthesized p-coumaroyl and feruloyl l-tartrate esters were submitted to Brettanomyces bruxellensis strains AWRI 1499, AWRI 1608, and AWRI 1613 to assess their role as precursors to ethylphenols in wine. No evolution of ethylphenols was observed. Additionally, p-coumaroyl and feruloyl glucose were synthesized and submitted to B. bruxellensis AWRI 1499, which yielded both 4-ethylphenol and 4-ethylguaiacol. Unexpected chemical transformations of the hydroxycinnamoyl glucose esters during preparation were investigated to prevent these in subsequent synthetic attempts...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
F Addy, M Wassermann, F Banda, H Mbaya, J Aschenborn, O Aschenborn, P Koskei, G Umhang, M DE LA Rue, I E Elmahdi, U Mackenstedt, P Kern, T Romig
The zoonotic cestode Echinococcus ortleppi (Lopez-Neyra and Soler Planas, 1943) is mainly transmitted between dogs and cattle. It occurs worldwide but is only found sporadically in most regions, with the notable exception of parts of southern Africa and South America. Its epidemiology is little understood and the extent of intraspecific variability is unknown. We have analysed in the present study the genetic diversity among 178 E. ortleppi isolates from sub-Saharan Africa, Europe and South America using the complete mitochondrial cox1 (1608 bp) and nad1 (894 bp) DNA sequences...
December 12, 2016: Parasitology
Paulo José Llinás, Rafael Fernando Serrano, Laureano Quintero Barrera, Juan Carlos Quiceno Noguera, Juan Pablo Martinez Cano
BACKGROUND: The World Games is a multisport event, second in importance only to the Olympic Games. Systematic surveillance of injuries and ill-health episodes is an essential part of modern integral healthcare given to athletes. AIM: To describe and analyse injuries and ill-health episodes affecting competitors during the Cali World Games 2013. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of injuries and ill-health episodes suffered by competing athletes...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Che-Sheng Chu, Po-Han Chou, Yi-Huei Chen, Min-Wei Huang, Min-Yen Hsu, Tsuo-Hung Lan, Ching-Heng Lin
BACKGROUND: No previous study has focused on the association between use of antipsychotic drugs and the development of cataracts in patients with bipolar disorder (BD); hence, we aimed to examine this association in the present study. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective nested case-control study using data from the National Health Insurance Database of Taiwan between 2000 and 2011. A total of 3292 BD patients, 1684 with cataracts and 1608 controls matched for age, sex, and index date, were included...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ntesi Asimi, Roberto Taarea, Lisa Skariah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Newton B Wiggins, Daniel T Chong, Penny L Houghtaling, Ayman A Hussein, Walid Saliba, Joseph F Sabik, Oussama Wazni, Bruce L Wilkoff, Khaldoun G Tarakji
AIMS: The incidence, indications, and risk factors for cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation after cardiac surgery in an era with an aging population are not well described. There are limited data about the survival of these patients compared with a non-device group. We aimed to evaluate the incidence, indications, and risk factors for postoperative CIED implantation. We also assessed survival of these patients compared with a non-device group. METHODS: We included all patients without prior CIED implantation who underwent cardiac surgery at our institution from 1996 to 2008...
October 12, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Brendan F O'Connor, Donal Monaghan, Jonathan Cawley
Many proteins are glycosylated, that is to say they have bound sugars or glycans. Glycosylation is a non-template-driven posttranslation modification. It is now known that correct glycosylation is essential for the correct folding, solubility, stability, and immunogenicity of proteins. Here, we describe the technique of Lectin Affinity Chromatography (LAC), a procedure that has the ability to separate different glycans which are attached to proteins or lipids, termed glycoproteins or glycolipids, respectively...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Andrzej Ossowski, Marta Diepenbroek, Tomasz Kupiec, Milena Bykowska-Witowska, Grażyna Zielińska, Teresa Dembińska, Andrzej Ciechanowicz
As the result of the communist terror in Poland, during years 1944-1956 more than 50,000 people died. Their bodies were buried secretly, and most places are still unknown. The research presents the results of identification of people buried in one of many mass graves, which were found at the cemetery Powązki Military in Warsaw, Poland. Exhumation revealed the remains of eight people, among which seven were identified genetically. Well-preserved molars were used for the study. Reference material was collected from the closest living relatives...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Nathaniel R Smilowitz, Navdeep Gupta, Yu Guo, John T Coppola, Sripal Bangalore
OBJECTIVES: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive individuals are predisposed to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We sought to evaluate management strategies and outcomes of AMI in patients with HIV in the contemporary era. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2011 for patients admitted with AMI with or without HIV. Propensity-score matching was used to identify HIV seropositive AMI patients with similar characteristics who were managed invasively (cardiac catheterization, percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI], or coronary artery bypass graft surgery [CABG]) or conservatively...
October 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
James Yan, Volker Musahl, Jeffrey Kay, Moin Khan, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
PURPOSE: This systematic review evaluates radiographic and clinical outcome reporting following navigated high tibial osteotomy (HTO). Conventional HTO was used as a control to compare outcomes and furthermore investigate the quality of evidence in studies reporting outcomes for navigated HTO. It was hypothesized that navigated HTO will show superior clinical and radiographic outcomes compared to conventional HTO. METHODS: Two independent reviewers searched PubMed, Ovid (MEDLINE), EMBASE, and Cochrane databases for studies reporting outcomes following navigated HTO...
September 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Ellen Klemera, Fiona M Brooks, Kayleigh L Chester, Josefine Magnusson, Neil Spencer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to examine if the multiple environments of the adolescent including family, peers, school and neighbourhood might function as protective health assets against self-harming behaviour during adolescence. METHODS: The present study utilised data collected from 1608 respondents aged 15 years as part of the England WHO Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Study. Multilevel modelling was undertaken using the package MLwiN (version 2...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Mirjam C L Peek, Muneer Ahmed, Alessandro Napoli, Sasha Usiskin, Rose Baker, Michael Douek
PURPOSE: Breast-conserving surgery is effective for breast cancer treatment but is associated with morbidity in particular high re-excision rates. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the current evidence for clinical outcomes with minimally invasive ablative techniques in the non-surgical treatment of breast cancer. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was performed using PubMed and Medline library databases to identify all studies published between 1994 and May 2016...
October 2, 2016: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Juliana Maia, Andreia Soares da Silva, Rodrigo Feliciano do Carmo, Taciana Furtado de Mendonça, Luiz Henrique Maciel Griz, Patricia Moura, Francisco Bandeira
INTRODUCTION: Since there is evidence of the action of vitamin D as a modulator of insulin release and atherosclerosis, it may well be that the vitamin D receptor polymorphisms are associated with diabetes and its chronic complications. AIMS: To examine the associations between vitamin D receptor polymorphisms (FokI and TaqI) and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and its associated chronic complications in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed 100 postmenopausal women with T2DM (mean age 65...
2016: Application of Clinical Genetics
Prathima Nandivada, Meredith A Baker, Paul D Mitchell, Alison A O'Loughlin, Alexis K Potemkin, Lorenzo Anez-Bustillos, Sarah J Carlson, Duy T Dao, Gillian L Fell, Kathleen M Gura, Mark Puder
BACKGROUND: Parenteral fish-oil (FO) therapy is a safe and effective treatment for intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). Patients whose cholestasis does not resolve with FO may progress to end-stage liver disease. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify factors associated with the failure of FO therapy in treating IFALD to guide prognostication and referral guidelines. DESIGN: Prospectively collected data for patients treated with FO at Boston Children's Hospital from 2004 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Keith Hawton, Katrina G Witt, Tatiana L Taylor Salisbury, Ella Arensman, David Gunnell, Philip Hazell, Ellen Townsend, Kees van Heeringen
BACKGROUND: Self-harm (intentional acts of non-fatal self-poisoning or self-injury) is common, particularly in young adults aged 15-35 years, often repeated, and strongly associated with suicide. Effective aftercare of individuals who self-harm is therefore important. We have undertaken a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for self-harm in adults. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases (CCDANCTR-Studies and References, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO) between Jan 1, 1998, and April 29, 2015, for randomised controlled trials of psychosocial interventions for adults after a recent (within 6 months) episode of self-harm...
August 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
Stephan van Vliet, Russell S Emmons, Justin T Parel, Joseph W Beals, Luc J C van Loon, Scott A Paluska, Micheal De Lisio, Nicholas A Burd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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