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hyperkalemia colostomy

Ryan C Romano, Seshadri Thirumala, Walter H Cushman, Taofic Mounajjed
Kayexalate (sodium polystyrene sulfonate), a cation exchange resin often used to treat hyperkalemia, is known to produce gastrointestinal complications in a minority of patients. These complications range from mild gastrointestinal bleeding to perforation with acute abdomen. The typical histopathologic findings include mucosal ulceration, necrosis, and the presence of polygonal basophilic refractile crystals with a "fish scale" appearance. We present a unique case of Kayexalate crystals embedded in a perihepatic inflammatory pseudotumor, developing adjacent to a colostomy site in a 62-year-old woman following Kayexalate treatment...
August 2014: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Joseph Martin Alisky
Lactulose is an established remedy for hepatic encephalopathy and shows efficacy for chronic renal insufficiency, reducing volume overload, uremia and hyperkalemia. Potentially lactulose could also be used for non-diuretic treatment of congestive heart failure. However, use of lactulose is limited by diarrhea and flatulence. Chronic lactulose administration might be tolerable if it was accomplished by nocturnal infusion through a percutaneous duodenostomy tube, also placing a rectal foley each night following a clearing enema so that large volumes of liquid stool could be passed while patients sleep...
2007: Medical Hypotheses
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