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Occupation based hand therapy

Claudio L Ferre, Marina Brandão, Bhavini Surana, Ashley P Dew, Noelle G Moreau, Andrew M Gordon
AIM: To examine the efficacy of caregiver-directed, home-based intensive bimanual training in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) using a randomized control trial. METHOD: Twenty-four children (ages 2y 6mo-10y 1mo; 10 males, 14 females) performed home-based activities directed by a caregiver for 2 hours per day, 5 days per week, for 9 weeks (total=90h). Cohorts of children were age-matched into groups and randomized to receive home-based hand-arm bimanual intensive therapy (H-HABIT; n=12) or lower-limb functional intensive training (LIFT-control; n=12)...
November 19, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Ingvild Kjeken, Ruth Else Mehl Eide, Åse Klokkeide, Karin Hoegh Matre, Monika Olsen, Petter Mowinckel, Øyvor Andreassen, Siri Darre, Randi Nossum
BACKGROUND: In the absence of disease-modifying interventions for hand osteoarthritis (OA), occupational therapy (OT) comprising patient education, hand exercises, assistive devices and orthoses are considered as core treatments, whereas surgery are recommended for those with severe carpometacarpal (CMC1) OA. However, even though CMC1 surgery may reduce pain and improve function, the risk of adverse effects is high, and randomized controlled trials comparing surgery with non-surgical interventions are warranted...
November 15, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Danielle Levac, Stephanie M N Glegg, Heidi Sveistrup, Heather Colquhoun, Patricia A Miller, Hillel Finestone, Vincent DePaul, Jocelyn E Harris, Diana Velikonja
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing evidence for the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR)-based therapy in stroke rehabilitation, few knowledge translation (KT) resources exist to support clinical integration. KT interventions addressing known barriers and facilitators to VR use are required. When environmental barriers to VR integration are less amenable to change, KT interventions can target modifiable barriers related to therapist knowledge and skills. METHODS: A multi-faceted KT intervention was designed and implemented to support physical and occupational therapists in two stroke rehabilitation units in acquiring proficiency with use of the Interactive Exercise Rehabilitation System (IREX; GestureTek)...
October 6, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Hamid Reza Rostami, Malahat Akbarfahimi, Afsoon Hassani Mehraban, Ali Reza Akbarinia, Susan Samani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate effect of practice type during modified constraint-induced movement therapy on hand function in patients with chronic median and ulnar nerve injuries. DESIGN: A prospective, single-blinded, randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Participants' private home. SUBJECTS: A convenience sample of 36 outpatient participants allocated randomly to three equal groups. INTERVENTIONS: Intervention groups underwent 3-hour intensive training of affected hand each day, 3-day a week, 4-week in association with immobilisation of healthy hand: occupation-based group practiced meaningful occupations while rote exercise-based group performed rote exercises during constraint-induced movement therapy...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
James W DeVocht, Dean L Smith, Cynthia R Long, Lance Corber, Bridget Kane, Thomas M Jones, Christine M Goertz
BACKGROUND: Chiropractic care is commonly used to treat musculoskeletal conditions and has been endorsed by clinical practice guidelines as being evidence-based and cost-effective for the treatment of patients with low back pain. Gaps in the literature exist regarding the physiological outcomes of chiropractic treatment. Previous pilot work has indicated the possibility of improvements in response time following the application of chiropractic treatment. However, it is unknown whether or not chiropractic treatment is able to improve reaction and response times in specific populations of interest...
September 20, 2016: Trials
Alicia J Spittle, Jennifer L McGinley, Deanne Thompson, Ross Clark, Tara L FitzGerald, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Katherine J Lee, Joy E Olsen, Alice Burnett, Karli Treyvaud, Elisha Josev, Bonnie Alexander, Claire E Kelly, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson, Jeanie Ly Cheong
INTRODUCTION: Motor impairments are one of the most frequently reported adverse neurodevelopmental consequences in children born < 30 weeks' gestation. Up to 15% of children born at < 30 weeks have cerebral palsy and an additional 50% have mild to severe motor impairment at school age. The first 5 years of life are critical for the development of fundamental motor skills. These skills form the basis for more complex skills that are required to competently and confidently participate in schooling, sporting and recreational activities...
October 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Juliana M de Oliveira, Rafael Carneiro G Fernandes, Cristtiano S Pinto, Plácido R Pinheiro, Sidarta Ribeiro, Victor Hugo C de Albuquerque
Cerebral palsy is a severe condition usually caused by decreased brain oxygenation during pregnancy, at birth or soon after birth. Conventional treatments for cerebral palsy are often tiresome and expensive, leading patients to quit treatment. In this paper, we describe a virtual environment for patients to engage in a playful therapeutic game for neuropsychomotor rehabilitation, based on the experience of the occupational therapy program of the Nucleus for Integrated Medical Assistance (NAMI) at the University of Fortaleza, Brazil...
2016: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Yoon-Hee Choi, Jeonghun Ku, Hyunmi Lim, Yeo Hyung Kim, Nam-Jong Paik
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) has the potential to provide intensive, repetitive, and task-oriented training, and game-based therapy can enhance patients' motivation and enjoyment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to develop a mobile game-based upper extremity VR program for patients who have experienced stroke, and to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the program. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, controlled trial included 24 patients with ischemic stroke...
May 2, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Luke S Robinson, Ted Brown, Lisa O'Brien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Bernhard Aebischer, Simone Elsig, Jan Taeymans
INTRODUCTION: Trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis is associated with more pain and restrictions than other hand osteoarthritis due to the functional importance of the thumb. While the effectiveness of surgical and pharmacological interventions has been widely examined, there is a lack of specific evidence about conservative non-pharmacological trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis therapies. The objective of this systematic review was to provide evidence-based knowledge on the effectiveness of physiotherapy and occupational therapy on pain, function and quality of life...
March 2016: Hand Therapy
Miriam S Dyck, Krystyna A Mathiak, Susanne Bergert, Pegah Sarkheil, Yury Koush, Eliza M Alawi, Mikhail Zvyagintsev, Arnim J Gaebler, Sukhi S Shergill, Klaus Mathiak
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are a hallmark of schizophrenia and can significantly impair patients' emotional, social, and occupational functioning. Despite progress in psychopharmacology, over 25% of schizophrenia patients suffer from treatment-resistant hallucinations. In the search for alternative treatment methods, neurofeedback (NF) emerges as a promising therapy tool. NF based on real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) allows voluntarily change of the activity in a selected brain region - even in patients with schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Stephanie Bachman
The occupational therapy Centennial Vision reinforces the importance of informing consumers about the benefit of occupational therapy and continuing to advocate for the unique client-centered role of occupational therapy. Occupational therapy practitioners working in hand therapy have traditionally found it difficult to combine the biomechanical foundations of hand therapy with the fundamental client-centered tenets of occupational therapy. Embracing our historical roots will become more important as health care evolves and third-party payers continue to scrutinize the need for the profession of occupational therapy...
March 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Hoe C-Y Lee, Helen Flavell, Dave Parsons, Richard Parsons, Torbjorn Falkmer
In this paper, an approach to teaching occupational therapy students how to create orthoses, whilst at the same time developing higher-order critical thinking, reflective, and clinical reasoning skills is described. The scaffolded nature of the learning activities, incorporating Kolb's reflective learning cycle, was used to support students' capacity for clinical reasoning and better prepare them for clinical placement. The peer-assessment element was also designed to support the experiential learning by allowing students to test their evaluation of hand orthoses, compare their assessment with an expert's, and identify areas for improvement...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
Joon-Ho Shin, Mi-Young Kim, Ji-Yeong Lee, Yu-Jin Jeon, Suyoung Kim, Soobin Lee, Beomjoo Seo, Younggeun Choi
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR)-based rehabilitation has been reported to have beneficial effects on upper extremity function in stroke survivors; however, there is limited information about its effects on distal upper extremity function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of VR-based rehabilitation combined with standard occupational therapy on distal upper extremity function and HRQoL, and compare the findings to those of amount-matched conventional rehabilitation in stroke survivors...
February 24, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Susan Peters, Matthew J Page, Michel W Coppieters, Mark Ross, Venerina Johnston
BACKGROUND: Various rehabilitation treatments may be offered following carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) surgery. The effectiveness of these interventions remains unclear. This is the first update of a review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To review the effectiveness and safety of rehabilitation interventions following CTS surgery compared with no treatment, placebo, or another intervention. SEARCH METHODS: On 29 September 2015, we searched the Cochrane Neuromuscular Specialised Register, the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, AMED, LILACS, and PsycINFO...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
I V Boiko, N N Loginova, O A Klitsenko
The authors evaluated efficiency of rehabilitation in patients with upper limbs occupational polyneuropathy, in accordance with length of service under physical overstrain. The study was based on follow-up of 268 patients. Treatment was initiated after the patients discontinued work hazardous for health. Drug and sanatorium treatment was effective in 67-86% of patients (with differences in occupational groups). The effect was only transitory (for 15-60 days) decrease of the disease clinical manifestations. Rehabilitation prognosis was reliably better in patients who worked during the disease development in conditions with number of stereotypic working movements of hands within hygienic norms...
2015: Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaia Ekologiia
Therma W C Cheung, Lindy Clemson, Kate O'Loughlin, Russell Shuttleworth
BACKGROUND: Among women with upper limb repetitive strain injury (RSI), occupational therapy interventions include education to facilitate ergonomic practices in housework. From a client-centred perspective, an understanding of women's decision-making about housework is needed to design effective occupational therapy programmes. This study addresses a gap in research in this area by exploring women's views about changing housework habits. AIM: The aim was to construct a conceptual representation to explain decision-making in housework by drawing on experiences of a sample of Singapore Chinese women with upper limb RSI from one hand therapy clinic...
February 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Giovana Femat Roldán, Israel Sánchez-Villavicencio, Lorena Palafox, Ronald Leder, Luis Enrique Sucar, Jorge Hernández-Franco
BACKGROUND: Evidence of superiority of robot training for the hand over classical therapies in stroke patients remains controversial. During the subacute stage, hand training is likely to be the most useful. AIM: To establish whether robot active assisted therapies provides any additional motor recovery for the hand when administered during the subacute stage (<4 months from event) in a Mexican adult population diagnosed with stroke. HYPOTHESIS: Compared to classical occupational therapy, robot based therapies for hand recovery will show significant differences at subacute stages...
January 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Michael Kuntz, Teun Teunis, Johann Blauth, David Ring
Delaying treatment for benign musculoskeletal conditions may allow patients to learn self-efficacy and develop coping strategies, leading to less medical intervention and reduced cost. We tested the hypothesis that time from booking until appointment is not associated with healthcare costs. We further tested the secondary hypothesis that time from booking to appointment is not associated with specific healthcare utilizations. We identified 16,750 patients (55 % women; mean age 50 years) making first clinic visits to hand surgeons at our hospital between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2012...
December 2015: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Alyssa Komar, Kelsey Ashley, Kelly Hanna, Julia Lavallee, Janet Woodhouse, Janet Bernstein, Matthew Andres, Nick Reed
AIM: A pretest-posttest retrospective design was used to evaluate the impact of a group-based modified constraint-induced movement therapy (mCIMT) program on upper extremity function and occupational performance. METHODS: 20 children ages 3 to 18 years with hemiplegia following an acquired brain injury participated in a 2-week group mCIMT program. Upper extremity function was measured with the Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA) and subtests from the Quality of Upper Extremity Skills Test (QUEST)...
2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
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