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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832048/vital-signs-disparities-in-tobacco-related-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-united-states-2004-2013
#1
S Jane Henley, Cheryll C Thomas, Saida R Sharapova, Behnoosh Momin, Greta M Massetti, Deborah M Winn, Brian S Armour, Lisa C Richardson
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use causes at least 12 types of cancer and is the leading preventable cause of cancer. METHODS: Data from the United States Cancer Statistics dataset for 2004-2013 were used to assess incidence and death rates and trends for cancers that can be caused by tobacco use (tobacco-related cancers: oral cavity and pharynx; esophagus; stomach; colon and rectum; liver; pancreas; larynx; lung, bronchus, and trachea; kidney and renal pelvis; urinary bladder; cervix; and acute myeloid leukemia) by sex, age, race, ethnicity, state, county-level poverty and educational attainment, and cancer site...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775254/the-burden-of-cancer-in-korea-during-2012-findings-from-a-prevalence-based-approach
#2
Young Hoon Gong, Seok Jun Yoon, Min Woo Jo, Arim Kim, Young Ae Kim, Jihyun Yoon, Hyeyoung Seo, Dongwoo Kim
Cancer causes a significant deterioration in health and premature death and is a national socioeconomic burden. This study aimed to measure the burden of cancer using the disability-adjusted life year (DALY) metric based on the newly adopted methodology from the Global Burden of Disease Study in 2010. This study was conducted based on data from the Korean National Cancer Registry. The DALYs were calculated using a prevalence-based method instead of the incidence-based method used by previous studies. The total burden of cancer in 2012 was 3,470...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601510/public-reporting-of-hospital-level-cancer-surgical-volumes-in-california-an-opportunity-to-inform-decision-making-and-improve-quality
#3
Christina A Clarke, Steven M Asch, Laurence Baker, Karl Bilimoria, R Adams Dudley, Niya Fong, Merry L Holliday-Hanson, David S P Hopkins, Elizabeth M Imholz, Jennifer Malin, Lisa Moy, Maryann O'Sullivan, Joseph P Parker, Christopher S Saigal, Bruce Spurlock, Stephanie Teleki, David Zingmond, Lance Lang
PURPOSE: Most patients, providers, and payers make decisions about cancer hospitals without any objective data regarding quality or outcomes. We developed two online resources allowing users to search and compare timely data regarding hospital cancer surgery volumes. METHODS: Hospital cancer surgery volumes for all California hospitals were calculated using ICD-9 coded hospital discharge summary data. Cancer surgeries included (bladder, brain, breast, colon, esophagus, liver, lung, pancreas, prostate, rectum, and stomach) were selected on the basis of a rigorous literature review to confirm sufficient evidence of a positive association between volume and mortality...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543724/odd-localisation-for-a-gastric-cancer-histology
#4
Paulina Kuczma, Jordi Vidal Fortuny, Saiji Essia, Ariane de Lassus, Philippe Morel, Frédéric Ris
INTRODUCTION: More than 96% of signet-ring cell carcinomas occur in the stomach and the rest in other organs, including the gallbladder, pancreas, urinary bladder and breast. Primary signet-ring cell carcinoma of the colon and rectum is very rare, accounting for 0.1%-2.4% of all colorectal cancers. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 55-year old man who is operated for a caecal mass evocative of an appendicitis abscess. Intraoperatively, we discover a large, ulcerated ilio-caecal mass with several lymphadenopathies...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500145/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu-applied-to-hepato-bilio-pancreatic-and-the-digestive-system-current-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Michele Diana, Luigi Schiraldi, Yu-Yin Liu, Riccardo Memeo, Didier Mutter, Patrick Pessaux, Jacques Marescaux
BACKGROUND: High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is emerging as a valid minimally-invasive image-guided treatment of malignancies. We aimed to review to current state of the art of HIFU therapy applied to the digestive system and discuss some promising avenues of the technology. METHODS: Pertinent studies were identified through PubMed and Embase search engines using the following keywords, combined in different ways: HIFU, esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, colon, rectum, and cancer...
August 2016: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326246/genomic-profiling-of-metastatic-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-gep-net-patients-in-the-personalized-medicine-era
#6
Seung Tae Kim, Su Jin Lee, Se Hoon Park, Joon Oh Park, Ho Yeong Lim, Won Ki Kang, Jeeyun Lee, Young Suk Park
BACKGROUND: We have conducted molecular profiling through a high-throughput molecular test as part of our clinical practice for patients with advanced gastrointestinal (GI) cancer or rare cancers including gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs). Herein, we report on the molecular characterization of 14 metastatic GEP-NET patients. METHODS: We conducted the Ion AmpliSeq Cancer Hotspot Panel v2 (detecting 2,855 oncogenic mutations in 50 commonly mutated genes) and nCounter Copy Number Variation Assay, which was designed with 21 genes based on available targeted agents, as a high throughput genomic platform in 14 patients with metastatic GEP-NETs...
2016: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321059/epidemiological-evidence-on-environmental-tobacco-smoke-and-cancers-other-than-lung-or-breast
#7
Peter N Lee, Alison J Thornton, Janette S Hamling
We reviewed 87 epidemiological studies relating environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure to risk of cancer other than lung or breast in never smoking adults. This updates a 2002 review which also considered breast cancer. Meta-analysis showed no significant relationship with ETS for nasopharynx cancer, head and neck cancer, various digestive cancers (stomach, rectum, colorectal, liver, pancreas), or cancers of endometrium, ovary, bladder and brain. For some cancers (including oesophagus, colon, gall bladder and lymphoma) more limited data did not suggest a relationship...
October 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303130/carcinoid-tumour-of-caecum-an-unusual-palpable-mass-in-the-right-iliac-fossa
#8
Mohit M Agrawal, Nandkishor S Sude
Carcinoid tumour represents 0.8-1.5 % of malignant digestive tumours. Gastrointestinal (GI) carcinoids account for 95 % of all the carcinoids, and caecal carcinoids account for 5 % of all the carcinoids. These tumours are frequent in women (2-4:1) as reported by Spallitta and Termine (Minerva Chir 55:77-87, 2002). In order of frequency, they may occur in the appendix (35 %), ileum (28 %), rectum (13 %) and bronchi. Incidence is less than 1 % in the pancreas, gall bladder, liver, larynx, testes and ovaries...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257115/time-dependent-risk-of-cancer-after-a-diabetes-diagnosis-in-a-cohort-of-2-3-million-adults
#9
Rachel Dankner, Paolo Boffetta, Ran D Balicer, Lital Keinan Boker, Maya Sadeh, Alla Berlin, Liraz Olmer, Margalit Goldfracht, Laurence S Freedman
Using a time-dependent approach, we investigated all-site and site-specific cancer incidence in a large population stratified by diabetes status. The study analyzed a closed cohort comprised of Israelis aged 21-89 years, enrolled in a health fund, and followed from 2002 to 2012. Adjusting for age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, we calculated hazard ratios for cancer incidence using Cox regression separately for participants with prevalent and incident diabetes; the latter was further divided by time since diabetes diagnosis...
June 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247498/cancer-mortality-projections-in-korea-up-to-2032
#10
Mia Son, Jae-Won Yun
Predicting cancer mortality is important to estimate the needs of cancer-related services and to prevent cancer. Despite its significance, a long-term future projection of cancer mortality has not been conducted; therefore, our objective was to estimate future cancer mortality in Korea by cancer site through 2032. The specially designed Nordpred software was used to estimate cancer mortality. The cancer death data from 1983 to 2012 and the population projection data from 1983 to 2032 were obtained from the Korean National Statistics Office...
June 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26951748/italian-cancer-figures-report-2015-the-burden-of-rare-cancers-in-italy
#11
Susanna Busco, Carlotta Buzzoni, Sandra Mallone, Annalisa Trama, Marine Castaing, Francesca Bella, Rosalba Amodio, Sabrina Bizzoco, Tiziana Cassetti, Claudia Cirilli, Rosanna Cusimano, Roberta De Angelis, Mario Fusco, Gemma Gatta, Valerio Gennaro, Adriano Giacomin, Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Lucia Mangone, Salvatore Mannino, Silvia Rossi, Daniela Pierannunzio, Andrea Tavilla, Sandro Tognazzo, Rosario Tumino, Massimo Vicentini, Maria Francesca Vitale, Emanuele Crocetti, Luigino DalMaso
OBJECTIVES This collaborative study, based on data collected by the network of Italian Cancer Registries (AIRTUM), describes the burden of rare cancers in Italy. Estimated number of new rare cancer cases yearly diagnosed (incidence), proportion of patients alive after diagnosis (survival), and estimated number of people still alive after a new cancer diagnosis (prevalence) are provided for about 200 different cancer entities. MATERIALS AND METHODS Data herein presented were provided by AIRTUM population- based cancer registries (CRs), covering nowadays 52%of the Italian population...
January 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26863334/racial-sex-disparities-a-challenging-battle-against-cancer-mortality-in-the-usa
#12
Wenjiang J Fu
Decline in US cancer mortality has recently been reported, based on either pooled mortality of all cancer sites or age-adjusted mortality rates of specific sites. While the former could be dominated by a few cancer sites and would not reflect that of other sites, the latter used the US 2000 Population as reference for age-standardization, which was lack of justification. This study aimed to examine US cancer mortality trend and disparities in sites, races, and sex. We studied cancer incidence-based mortality by race and sex from 1974 to 2008 of cervix, prostate, colon and rectum, lung, leukemia, liver, pancreas, and stomach in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
June 2015: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26530365/components-of-the-plasminogen-plasmin-system-as-biologic-markers-for-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Brandon J McMahon, Hau C Kwaan
Members of the plasminogen-plasmin (PP) system participate in many physiologic functions. In particular, uPA, its receptor (uPAR) and its inhibitor PAI-1 play an important role in cell migration, cell proliferation and tissue remodeling. Through a number of interactions, these components of the PP system are also involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases. In cancer, they modulate the essential processes of tumor development, growth, invasion and metastasis as well as angiogenesis and fibrosis. Thus, quantification of uPA, uPAR and PAI-1 in tumors and, in some cases in the circulating blood, became of potential value in the prognostication of many types of cancer...
2015: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26521885/organ-preference-of-cancer-metastasis-and-metastasis-related-cell-adhesion-molecules-including-carbohydrates
#14
REVIEW
Takanori Kawaguchi
This review starts on one of our special interests, the organ preference of metastasis. We examined data on 1,117 autopsy cases and found that the organ distribution of metastasis of cancers of the lung, pancreas, stomach, colon, rectum, uterine cervix, liver, bile duct, and esophagus involved the lung, liver, adrenal gland, bone/bone marrow, lymph node, and pleura/peritoneum. Cancers of the kidney, thyroid, ovary, choriocarcinoma, and breast, however, manifested different metastatic patterns. The distribution of leukemia and lymphoma metastases was quite different from that of epithelial cancers...
2016: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26507852/risk-of-cancer-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#15
Li-Yu Hu, Fan-Chen Ku, Ti Lu, Cheng-Che Shen, Yu-Wen Hu, Chiu-Mei Yeh, Cheng-Hwai Tzeng, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Pan-Ming Chen, Chia-Jen Liu
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the overall cancer risk among patients with the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by using a nationwide population-based data set. METHODS: We obtained data on newly diagnosed IBS patients (age ≥ 20 years) without antecedent cancer from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the period between 2000 and 2010. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated for various types of cancer in the IBS patients...
December 2015: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26478679/geographical-distribution-of-the-incidence-of-gastric-cancer-in-bhutan
#16
Tashi Dendup, James M Richter, Yoshio Yamaoka, Kinley Wangchuk, Hoda M Malaty
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of gastric cancer (GC) in a cohort of patients diagnosed with GC and to compare it with patients diagnosed with all other types of gastro-intestinal (GI) cancer during the same period. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2013, five-year period, the medical records of all GI cancer patients who underwent medical care and confirm diagnosis of cancer were reviewed at the National Referral Hospital, Thimphu which is the only hospital in the country where surgical and cancer diagnosis can be made...
October 14, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26364161/meta-analysis-of-vitamin-d-binding-protein-and-cancer-risk
#17
Elena Tagliabue, Sara Raimondi, Sara Gandini
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence supported a role for vitamin D and vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms in cancer risk. Beyond VDR, the biologic effects of vitamin D are mediated by the vitamin D-binding protein (DBP), a key protein in vitamin D metabolism. Furthermore, the gene encoding the DBP (GC, group-specific component) has an important role in the vitamin D pathway. Several studies investigated DBP serologic levels and GC polymorphisms in association with cancer risk with controversial results...
November 2015: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26298519/alcohol-consumption-and-the-risk-of-cancer-in-brazil-a-study-involving-203-506-cancer-patients
#18
Raquel Ferreira de Menezes, Anke Bergmann, Suzana Sales de Aguiar, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler
This study aims to analyze the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of developing the most common types of cancer in the Brazilian population. It is a case-control study in which the most common types of cancer were considered as cases and non-melanoma skin cancers as controls. Data were routinely obtained by hospital-based cancer registrars. Individuals between 18 and 100 years old, diagnosed between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2009, with information regarding alcohol consumption, were included...
November 2015: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26182310/disparities-by-race-age-and-sex-in-the-improvement-of-survival-for-major-cancers-results-from-the-national-cancer-institute-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-program-in-the-united-states-1990-to-2010
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chenjie Zeng, Wanqing Wen, Alicia K Morgans, William Pao, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng
IMPORTANCE: Substantial progress has been made in cancer diagnosis and treatment, resulting in a steady improvement in cancer survival. The degree of improvement by age, race, and sex remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the degree of survival improvement over time by age, race, and sex in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Longitudinal analyses of cancer follow-up data from 1990 to 2010, from 1.02 million patients who had been diagnosed as having cancer of the colon or rectum, breast, prostate, lung, liver, pancreas, or ovary from 1990 to 2009 and who were included in 1 of 9 population-based registries of the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program...
April 2015: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26082067/cancer-risk-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-prospective-study-in-china
#20
Meng Wang, Ru-Ying Hu, Hai-Bin Wu, Jin Pan, Wei-Wei Gong, Li-Hua Guo, Jie-Ming Zhong, Fang-Rong Fei, Min Yu
Evidence indicates an increased cancer risk among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, yet studies in mainland China are scarce. Based on Diabetes Surveillance System linking to Cancer Surveillance System of Zhejiang Province in China, we explored the cancer risk among T2DM patients. Totally, 327,268 T2DM patients were identified and followed from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2013. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. Overall cancer risk was found significantly increased with an SIR of 1...
2015: Scientific Reports
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