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ENDOSCOPIC ULTRASONOGRAPHY

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052123/successful-chemotherapy-with-modified-folfirinox-for-pancreatic-acinar-cell-carcinoma
#1
Minami Hashimoto, Takuto Hikichi, Tomohiro Suzuki, Mayumi Tai, Osamu Ichii, Nobuo Matsuhashi, Eisaku Kita, Shintaro Takahashi, Yoshinori Okubo, Hando Hakozaki, Yutaka Ejiri, Hiromasa Ohira
Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a pancreatic mass in a 67-year-old man with diabetes mellitus. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration led to the histological diagnosis of acinar cell carcinoma. The clinical stage was determined to be IVb based on findings of multiple metastatic lesions in the liver and lymph nodes, as well as splenic vein infiltration. Because the patient was not a surgical candidate, he underwent chemotherapy with modified FOLFIRINOX. In the absence of any severe adverse events, 12 courses of chemotherapy were delivered, resulting in marked shrinkage of both the primary and metastatic lesions...
October 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051395/role-of-computer-tomography-and-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-assessing-portal-and-superior-mesenteric-vessels-invasion-in-cephalo-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#2
Raluca Bodea, Andrada Seicean, Tudor Vasile, Tudor Calinici, Irina Ciuca, Nadim Al Hajjar, Cornel Iancu, Constantin Iordache
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the information given by contrast-enhanced computer tomography (CECT) and ultrasound endoscopy (EUS) regarding vascular involvement of cephalo-pancreatic cancer, data compared with intraoperative findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We choose to analyze the most often interested vessels by tumor development, such as superior mesenteric artery (SMA), superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and portal vein (PV). The patients included in the study (n=425) had a cephalo-pancreatic tumor diagnosed in our Institute and a positive histology for pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039113/a-gastric-glomus-tumor-resected-using-non-exposed-endoscopic-wall-inversion-surgery
#3
Masahide Ebi, Tomoya Sugiyama, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Takuya Saito, Tadahisa Inoue, Yoshiharu Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro Tamura, Shinya Izawa, Yasutaka Hijikata, Yasushi Funaki, Naotaka Ogasawara, Makoto Sasaki, Kunio Kasugai
Gastric glomus tumors are extremely rare, constituting approximately 1% of gastric mesenchymal tumors. We report the case of a 45-year-old female patient in whom upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a 3-cm submucosal tumor with a bridging fold in the posterior wall of the antrum of the stomach. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed the tumor to be hypervascular in the arterial phase and exhibit continuous enhancement in the post-venous phase. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed that the tumor was hypervascular in the early phase and persistently enhanced in the late phase...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034157/endoscope-assisted-vitrectomy-in-the-management-of-retinal-detachment-with-corneal-opacity
#4
Yu-Fang Huang, Chia-Jen Chang
A 51-year-old male who had suffered from right eye rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with proliferative vitreoretinopathy received surgical treatments which included the following procedures: lens extraction, scleral buckle, vitrectomy, membrane peeling, photocoagulation, and silicone oil injection. The presenting visual acuity of the right eye was light perception. Slit-lamp examination revealed corneal opacity without a visible fundus. B-scan ultrasonography revealed retinal detachment. Endoscope-assisted vitrectomy was then performed in December 2014...
July 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033431/diagnostic-challenge-in-pancreatic-sarcoidosis-using-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#5
Nobuaki Azemoto, Teru Kumagi, Mitsuhito Koizumi, Taira Kuroda, Hirofumi Yamanishi, Yoshinori Ohno, Yoshiki Imamura, Eiji Takeshita, Yoshiko Soga, Yoshiou Ikeda, Morikazu Onji, Yoichi Hiasa
We herein report a 55-year-old woman who presented with erythema and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy 4 months prior to the detection of pancreatic lesions on an ultrasound. A skin biopsy showed evidence of sarcoidosis. The largest lesion in the tail of the pancreas was hypoechoic on endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS). The lesion was initially iso-enhanced on contrast enhanced-EUS (CE-EUS) but subsequently became hypoenhanced. The lesion revealed heterogeneous components of both soft and hard tissue on EUS elastography...
October 16, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032609/usefulness-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-elastography-as-a-predictive-tool-for-the-occurrence-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreatoduodenectomy
#6
Takamichi Kuwahara, Yoshiki Hirooka, Hiroki Kawashima, Eizaburo Ohno, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Tsutomu Fujii, Shigeo Nakamura, Yasuhiro Kodera, Masato Nagino, Hidemi Goto
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic fistula (PF) is a major complication following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Pancreatic texture is a risk factors for PF, but its evaluation depends on the subjective judgment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preoperative endoscopic ultrasonography-elastography (EUS-EG), which objectively assesses tissue elasticity, predict the development of PF following PD. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients who underwent EUS-EG before PD and had pancreas parenchyma histologically evaluated were included...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986726/acute-pancreatitis-onset-carcinoma-in-situ-of-the-pancreas-with-focal-fat-replacement-diagnosed-using-serial-pancreatic-juice-aspiration-cytologic-examination-space
#7
Tatsunori Satoh, Masataka Kikuyama, Shinya Kawaguchi, Hideyuki Kanemoto, Hiroyuki Muro, Keiji Hanada
A 59-year-old woman was admitted for acute pancreatitis. Abdominal computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a swollen pancreatic parenchyma with dilatation of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) of the pancreas tail, which was separated from the normal pancreas body side by a locally atrophic part of the pancreas. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography showed MPD stricture in the pancreas tail with dilatation of the upstream MPD. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed that the MPD stricture of the pancreas tail was surrounded by a blurred and hypoechoic area...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984789/s100p-in-duodenal-fluid-is-a-useful-diagnostic-marker-for-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#8
Taketo Matsunaga, Takao Ohtsuka, Koichi Asano, Hideyo Kimura, Kenoki Ohuchida, Hidehisa Kitada, Noboru Ideno, Yasuhisa Mori, Shoji Tokunaga, Yoshinao Oda, Sushovan Guha, Massimo Raimondo, Masafumi Nakamura, Masao Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: The development of an effective screening method for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is of paramount importance. This study assessed the diagnostic utility in pancreatic diseases of duodenal markers during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (GIE) or endoscopic ultrasonography. METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 299 consecutive participants, including 94 patients with PDACs, 144 patients with other pancreatic diseases, and 61 normal individuals as control subjects...
November 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974904/interventional-endoscopic-ultrasound-for-a-symptomatic-pseudocyst-secondary-to-gastric-heterotopic-pancreas
#9
Hang-Bin Jin, Lei Lu, Jian-Feng Yang, Qi-Feng Lou, Jing Yang, Hong-Zhang Shen, Xiao-Wei Tang, Xiao-Feng Zhang
Heterotopic pancreas (HP) is a relatively uncommon entity that is defined as pancreatic tissue without a true anatomical or vascular connection to the pancreas. HP does not cause symptoms in most cases but can occasionally produce various manifestations, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and even heterotopic pancreatitis. Here, we report an unusual case in which heterotopic pancreatitis complicated by the formation of a pseudocyst that caused gastric outlet obstruction was diagnosed based on serum hyperamylasemia and findings from endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) cytology...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959125/transabdominal-ultrasonography-for-assessing-the-depth-of-tumor-invasion-in-gastric-cancer
#10
Kengo Sato, Hiroaki Saito, Kazuo Yashima, Hajime Isomoto, Yasuaki Hirooka
BACKGROUND: Although endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography are generally used to diagnose the depth of gastric tumor invasion, endoscopy is invasive and frequently results in patient discomfort. Transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS) is noninvasive and may be useful in determining this depth. We investigated the usefulness of TUS in determining the depth of tumor invasion in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: This retrospective study included 190 patients with gastric cancer and 200 lesions who underwent curative resection at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Tottori University Hospital from July 2007 to July 2015...
September 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956313/a-case-of-a-wandering-mobile-solitary-fibrous-tumor-occurring-in-the-pancreas
#11
Shuhei Oana, Nozomi Matsuda, Sho Sibata, Kazuyuki Ishida, Tamotsu Sugai, Takayuki Matsumoto
A 73-year-old male with a complaint of abdominal discomfort was examined by abdominal ultrasonography and found to have a hypoechoic mass in the upper abdomen. On abdominal computed tomography (CT), there was a 5-cm, hypervascular mass between the stomach and aorta. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) showed a homogeneous mass with hypointensity on T1-weighted images, accompanied by stenosis of the main pancreatic duct of the pancreatic head. On endoscopic ultrasonography, the mass was depicted as a round homogeneous, hypervascular mass attached to the pancreatic head...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951792/asymptomatic-pancreatic-metastasis-from-renal-cell-carcinoma-diagnosed-21-years-after-nephrectomy
#12
Megumi Zianne, Naoki Takahashi, Akihiko Tsujibata, Kazuhiro Miwa, Yoshinori Goto, Yutaka Matano
This report presents our experience with a case of pancreatic metastasis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at a long-term follow-up after nephrectomy. A 73-year-old man underwent nephrectomy for right RCC 21 years ago; computed tomography (CT) scanning on routine follow-up revealed a solid mass in the tail of the pancreas, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed some tumors in the head and tail of the pancreas. The patient was asymptomatic and allergic to contrast medium. Therefore we could not perform contrast CT/MRI for further examination to diagnose pancreatic tumors...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942654/endoscopic-ultrasound-versus-multidetector-computed-tomography-in-preoperative-gastric-cancer-staging
#13
Marta Cimavilla Román, Carlos de la Serna Higuera, Luz Andrea Loza Vargas, César Benito Fernández, Jesús Barrio Andrés, Beatriz Madrigal Rubiales, Gabriel Fernández Pérez, Manuel Pérez-Miranda
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is the gold standard technique in loco-regional staging of gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC). Nevertheless, the introduction of multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) allows accurate studies to be performed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic yield of EUS and MDCT in loco-regional preoperative staging of gastric adenocarcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective and comparative study of all surgical patients with GAC and preoperative staging by EUS and 64-row MDCT...
September 25, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942626/capability-of-radial-and-convex-arayed-echoendoscopes-for-visualization-of-the-pancreatobiliary-junction
#14
Yoshihide Kanno, Kei Ito, Shinsuke Koshita, Takahisa Ogawa, Hiroaki Kusunose, Kaori Masu, Toshitaka Sakai, Toji Murabayashi, Sho Hasegawa, Fumisato Kozakai, Yujiro Kawakami, Yuki Fujii, Yutaka Noda
Background/Aims: Although both radial- and convex-arrayed endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) scopes are widely used for observational EUS examinations, there have been few comparative studies on their power of visualization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the capability of these EUS scopes for observation of the pancreatobiliary junction. Methods: The rate of successful visualization of the pancreatobiliary junction was retrospectively compared between a radial-arrayed and a convex-arrayed echoendoscope, from a prospectively maintained database...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928356/clinical-value-of-contrast-enhanced-harmonic-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-and-gallbladder-masses
#15
Galam Leem, Moon Jae Chung, Jeong Youp Park, Seungmin Bang, Si Young Song, Jae Bock Chung, Seung Woo Park
Background/Aims: Recent studies have revealed that contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasonography (CEH-EUS) is beneficial in the differential diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the pancreas and gallbladder from benign masses, in terms of the evaluation of microvasculature and real-time perfusion. In this study, we aimed to prove the clinical value of CEH-EUS in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic and gallbladder masses by direct comparison with that of conventional EUS. Methods: We reviewed the sonographic images and medical information of 471 patients who underwent conventional EUS and CEH-EUS for the diagnosis of pancreatic and gallbladder masses at a single medical center (Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea) between March 2010 and March 2016...
September 20, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918813/progress-in-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#16
EDITORIAL
Frank G Gress
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918810/progress-in-endoscopic-ultrasonography-training-in-therapeutic-or-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#17
REVIEW
Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh
Therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound is a rapidly expanding field, requiring training beyond the 3-year gastroenterology fellowship and at least an additional year in a structured advanced endoscopy fellowship program with mentorship from an expert at a sufficiently high-volume center. Simulation models can provide initial instruction on technique and increase familiarity with the rapidly changing devices. Trainees must also be given a graduated level of independence to perform each step and, eventually, be able to practice on a variety of endoscopic targets...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918809/endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-hemostasis-techniques
#18
REVIEW
Everson Luiz de Almeida Artifon, Fernando Pavinato Marson, Muhammad Ali Khan
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided hemostasis is an evolving technique that has the potential to improve the care of patients with refractory variceal and nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding. EUS-guided treatment of fundal varices with coil and/or cyanoacrylate seems to be highly effective in active bleeding, as well as for primary and secondary bleeding prophylaxis. Reports of EUS-guided treatment of refractory nonvariceal sources of bleeding are more scarce, but show high success rates. The procedures involve a medium to high technical difficulty level, and this has been replicated worldwide...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918807/endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-drainage-of-pancreatic-collections-including-the-role-of-necrosectomy
#19
REVIEW
Ryan Law, Todd H Baron
In recent years, the management of symptoms of pancreatic fluid collections has shifted from surgical and percutaneous interventions to endoscopic techniques. Available data show that endoscopic drainage can be achieved with minimal morbidity and procedural-related mortality, a high degree of technical and clinical success, and acceptable risk of adverse events. Although endoscopic management of walled-off necrosis provides a durable, minimally invasive treatment option, it is still generally performed only in tertiary care medical centers because of the overall complexity of this clinical scenario...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918805/endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-techniques-for-accessing-and-draining-the-biliary-system-and-the-pancreatic-duct
#20
REVIEW
Mihai Rimbaş, Alberto Larghi
When endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) fails to decompress the biliary system or the pancreatic duct, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided biliary or pancreatic access and drainage can be used. Data show a high success rate and acceptable adverse event rate for EUS-guided biliary drainage. The outcomes of EUS-guided biliary drainage seem equivalent to percutaneous drainage and ERCP, whereas only retrospective studies are available for pancreatic duct drainage. In this article, revision of the technical and clinical status and the current evidence of interventional EUS-guided biliary and pancreatic duct access and drainage are presented...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
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