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ENDOSCOPIC ULTRASONOGRAPHY

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210086/prognostic-factors-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-gastric-fundal-variceal-bleeding
#1
Keishi Komori, Masaru Kubokawa, Eikichi Ihara, Kazuya Akahoshi, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Kenta Motomura, Akihide Masumoto
AIM: To determine the prognostic factors associated with mortality in patients with gastric fundal variceal (GFV) bleeding. METHODS: In total, 42 patients were endoscopically diagnosed with GFV bleeding from January 2000 to March 2014. We retrospectively reviewed the patients' medical records and assessed their history, etiology of liver cirrhosis, disease conditions, treatment options for GFV bleeding, medications administered before and after onset of GFV bleeding, blood test results (hemoglobin, albumin, and bilirubin concentrations), and imaging results (including computed tomography and abdominal ultrasonography)...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207747/chronic-pancreatitis-multicentre-prospective-data-collection-and-analysis-by-the-hungarian-pancreatic-study-group
#2
Ákos Szücs, Tamás Marjai, Andrea Szentesi, Nelli Farkas, Andrea Párniczky, György Nagy, Balázs Kui, Tamás Takács, László Czakó, Zoltán Szepes, Balázs Csaba Németh, Áron Vincze, Gabriella Pár, Imre Szabó, Patrícia Sarlós, Anita Illés, Szilárd Gódi, Ferenc Izbéki, Judit Gervain, Adrienn Halász, Gyula Farkas, László Leindler, Dezső Kelemen, Róbert Papp, Richárd Szmola, Márta Varga, József Hamvas, János Novák, Barnabás Bod, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Péter Hegyi
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease associated with structural and functional damage to the pancreas, causing pain, maldigestion and weight loss and thus worsening the quality of life. AIMS AND METHODS: Our aim was to find correlations from a multicentre database representing the epidemiological traits, diagnosis and treatment of the disease in Hungary. The Hungarian Pancreatic Study Group collected data prospectively from 2012 to 2014 on patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207313/continuous-radiotelemetric-monitoring-of-intragastric-ph-in-a-dog-with-peptic-ulceration
#3
Michael B Lane, Jeanne C Larson, Jennifer E Stokes, M Katherine Tolbert
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old castrated male Boxer was evaluated for a 5-week history of frequent vomiting, melena, and signs of abdominal pain following accidental ingestion of 5 to ten 15-mg meloxicam tablets (approx ingested dose, 3.1 to 6.2 mg/kg [1.4 to 2.8 mg/lb]). CLINICAL FINDINGS Clinical signs persisted despite 3 weeks of treatment with sucralfate (41.8 mg/kg [19 mg/lb], PO, q 8 h) and omeprazole (0.8 mg/kg [0.36 mg/lb], PO, q 24 h). Results of a CBC and serum biochemical analysis were unremarkable...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203125/migration-of-surgical-clips-into-the-common-bile-duct-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#4
Krishn Kant Rawal
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is currently the treatment of choice for symptomatic gallstones. Associated complications include bile duct injury, retained common bile duct (CBD) stones, and migration of surgical clips. Clip migration into the CBD can present with recurrent cholangitis over a period of time. Retained CBD stones can be another cause of recurrent cholangitis. A case of two surgical clips migrating into the common bile duct with few retained stones following LC is reported here. The patient had repeated episodes of fever, pain at epigastrium, jaundice, and pruritus 3 months after LC...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196017/endoscopic-ultrasonography-may-select-subjects-having-asymptomatic-chronic-pancreatic-hyperenzymemia-who-require-a-more-strict-follow-up
#5
Filippo Antonini, Valerio Belfiori, Nico Pagano, Elisabetta Buscarini, Samuele De Minicis, Massimiliano Lo Cascio, Barbara Marraccini, Simona Piergallini, Pamela Rossetti, Elena Andrenacci, Giampiero Macarri, Raffaele Pezzilli
OBJECTIVES: We have previously shown that at least 50% of patients having asymptomatic chronic pancreatic hyperenzymemia (ACPH) may develop morphological pancreatic alterations. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) may detect small lesions, and its sensitivity seems to be higher than other imaging techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether EUS may modify the management of patients having ACPH. METHODS: In 2 referral centers for pancreatic disease, a retrospective analysis of prospectively enrolled patients with ACPH was conducted...
February 14, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192802/endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-antegrade-stenting-combined-with-hepaticogastrostomy-hepaticojejunostomy-using-ultraslim-instruments
#6
Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185905/a-preliminary-study-of-single-operator-cholangioscopy-for-diagnosing-pancreatic-cystic-lesions
#7
Chai Ning-Li, Feng Jia, Guo Yu-Hang, Li Hui-Kai, Ning Bo Wang, Xiangdong Wang, Wang Ying, Wang Yong-Hua, Zhai Ya-Qi, Linghu En-Qiang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Advances in imaging technology have improved the annual detection rate of pancreatic cystic lesions, but the preoperative diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions remains unclear. Thus, the usefulness of single operator cholangioscopy (SOC) as a diagnostic imaging tool for pancreatic cystic lesions is worth investigating. We performed an intracystic visual examination of pancreatic cystic lesions using SOC to determine the diagnostic value of SOC for pancreatic cystic lesions...
February 6, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161705/endoscopic-characteristics-risk-grade-and-prognostic-prediction-in-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-of-the-small-bowel
#8
Arihiro Nakano, Masanao Nakamura, Osamu Watanabe, Takeshi Yamamura, Kohei Funasaka, Eizaburo Ohno, Hiroki Kawashima, Ryoji Miyahara, Hidemi Goto, Yoshiki Hirooka
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Balloon-assisted endoscopy allows us to diagnose gastrointestinal (GI) stromal tumors (GISTs) in the small bowel including endoscopic ultrasonography and taking biopsy. The aim of this study was to retrospectively clarify clinical and endoscopic characteristics of small bowel GISTs using double-balloon endoscopy (DBE). METHODS: We reviewed 25 patients who underwent DBE and were diagnosed with GISTs. The risk of GISTs was stratified using the National Institute of Health (NIH) consensus criteria...
February 4, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157513/an-unusual-esophageal-dysphagia-under-gastroscopy-and-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#9
Chenguang Dai, Lili Zhao, Zhining Fan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154274/pancreatic-metastasis-from-rectal-cancer-that-was-diagnosed-by-endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-eus-fna
#10
Itsuki Sano, Akio Katanuma, Kei Yane, Toshifumi Kin, Kazumasa Nagai, Hajime Yamazaki, Hideaki Koga, Koh Kitagawa, Kensuke Yokoyama, Satoshi Ikarashi, Kuniyuki Takahashi, Hiroyuki Maguchi, Yuko Omori, Toshiya Shinohara
Pancreatic metastasis from colorectal cancer is rare, and there have been only a few reports of its preoperative diagnosis by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) with immunohistochemical staining. We herein describe the case of a 77-year-old woman in whom a solitary mass in the pancreatic tail was detected 11 years after rectal cancer resection. The patient also had a history of pulmonary tumor resection. We performed EUS-FNA and a histopathological examination showed adenocarcinoma with CD20+, CD7-, and CDX2+ (similar to her rectal cancer)...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152974/endoscopic-imaging-modalities-for-diagnosing-invasion-depth-of-superficial-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Ryu Ishihara, Noriko Matsuura, Noboru Hanaoka, Sachiko Yamamoto, Tomofumi Akasaka, Yoji Takeuchi, Koji Higashino, Noriya Uedo, Hiroyasu Iishi
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of cancer invasion depth is crucial for selecting the optimal treatment strategy in patients with gastrointestinal cancers. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the utilities of different endoscopic modalities for diagnosing invasion depth of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, and Ichushi databases to identify studies evaluating the use of endoscopic modalities for diagnosing invasion depth of superficial esophageal SCC...
February 2, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151856/comparison-of-two-different-size-needles-in-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-for-diagnosing-solid-pancreatic-lesions-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-controlled-trials
#12
Mei-Mei Xu, Hong-Yu Jia, Li-Li Yan, Shan-Shan Li, Yue Zheng
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aimed to provide a pooled analysis of prospective controlled trials comparing the diagnostic accuracy of 22-G and 25-G needles on endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS-FNA) of the solid pancreatic mass. METHODS: We established a rigorous study protocol according to Cochrane Collaboration recommendations. We systematically searched the PubMed and Embase databases to identify articles to include in the meta-analysis. Sensitivity, specificity, and corresponding 95% confidence intervals were calculated for 22-G and 25-G needles of individual studies from the contingency tables...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144612/autoimmune-pancreatitis-diagnosed-with-core-biopsy-obtained-from-a-novel-fork-tip-eus-needle
#13
Tossapol Kerdsirichairat, Sameer D Saini, Priscilla R Chamberlain, Anoop Prabhu
The endoscopic diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis from histologic criteria remains challenging as it requires adequate architectural details rather than cytology alone. A 67-year-old man presented with progressive abdominal pain and weight loss. Cross-sectional imaging showed inflammatory changes of the pancreatic body and tail and periaortitis on abdominal computed tomography, but normal serum immunoglobulin G4. A mass-like lesion of the pancreatic body and tail was identified on endoscopic ultrasonography...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142155/novel-wire-guided-fine-gauge-bougie-dilator-for-transpapillary-or-endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-biliary-drainage
#14
Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139030/endosonographic-features-of-esophageal-tuberculosis-presenting-as-a-subepithelial-lesion
#15
Jong Hun Seo, Gwang Ha Kim, Joon Hyung Jhi, Young Joo Park, Yae Su Jang, Bong Eun Lee, Geun Am Song
Esophageal tuberculosis is rare, even in countries with high prevalence of tuberculosis. It usually presents as an ulcerative lesion on conventional endoscopy. Due to its rarity, when esophageal tuberculosis presents as a subepithelial lesion (SEL), conventional endoscopy and other imaging modalities such as computed tomography (CT) are often insufficient to distinguish it from other diseases. From January 2007 to December 2014, 1094 patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) were retrospectively analyzed...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138732/limited-value-of-ga-68-dotatoc-pet-ct-in-routine-screening-of-patients-with-multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-type-1
#16
Max B Albers, Damiano Librizzi, Caroline L Lopez, Jerena Manoharan, Jonas C Apitzsch, Emily P Slater, Carmen Bollmann, Peter H Kann, Detlef K Bartsch
BACKGROUND: Routine screening is recommended for patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) to enable early detection and treatment of associated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN). Gallium(68)-DOTATOC-Positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (Ga-68-DOTATOC-PET-CT) is a very sensitive and specific imaging technique for the detection of sporadic neuroendocrine tumors. The present study evaluated the value of Ga-68-DOTATOC-PET-CT in routine screening of patients with MEN1...
January 30, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133163/-a-case-report-of-early-gastric-cancer-with-submucosal-heterotopic-gastric-glands
#17
Nobuyuki Watanabe, Masato Mitsuda, Eijiro Yamashita, Hiroshi Ito, Atsushi Toma, Kenji Nakamura, Toshiya Ochiai
We reported a case of early gastric cancer with submucosal heterotopic gastric glands.A 62-year-old woman presented with poor appetite, weight loss, and epigastric pain.Endoscopy examination identified giant gastric folds and a gastric ulcer on the posterior wall of the upper-middle stomach.Biopsy specimen analysis showed adenocarcinoma.We preoperatively diagnosed the lesion as type II c-like advanced cancer and performed a total gastrectomy.Pathologically, the lesion was diagnosed as gastric cancer(non-solid type poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma)located in the mucosal layer and accompanied by submucosal heterotopic gastric glands...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133131/-a-case-of-early-detection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-abdominal-ultrasonography-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-early-gastric-cancer
#18
Tatsunori Mizuno, Yukari Morimoto, Taizo Fujita, Eiko Takai, Tomoyuki Nakano, Yoshikazu Tsurui, Takashi Hachisuka, Toshihiro Morita, Satoru Kitano, Noboru Konishi, Shigeo Takai
We treated an 82-year-old man with early gastric cancer using endoscopic submucosal resection.Ultrasonography, which was performed to screen for metastasis, revealed hepatocellular carcinoma, and the tumor was curatively resected.Ultrasonography can be considered a useful examination tool to detect double cancer, even in cases of early cancer.
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130705/nationwide-epidemiological-survey-of-early-chronic-pancreatitis-in-japan
#19
Atsushi Masamune, Kazuhiro Kikuta, Tatsuhide Nabeshima, Eriko Nakano, Morihisa Hirota, Atsushi Kanno, Kiyoshi Kume, Shin Hamada, Tetsuhide Ito, Motokazu Fujita, Atsushi Irisawa, Masanori Nakashima, Keiji Hanada, Takaaki Eguchi, Ryusuke Kato, Osamu Inatomi, Akio Shirane, Yoshifumi Takeyama, Ichiro Tsuji, Tooru Shimosegawa
BACKGROUND: The world's first diagnostic criteria for early CP were proposed in 2009 in Japan. This study aimed to clarify the clinico-epidemiological features of early CP in Japan. METHODS: Patients with early CP who were diagnosed according to the diagnostic criteria for early CP and had visited the selected hospitals in 2011 were surveyed. The study consisted of two-stage surveys: the number of patients with early CP was estimated by the first questionnaire and their clinical features were assessed by the second questionnaire...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130609/diagnostic-performance-of-imaging-modalities-in-chronic-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Y Issa, M A Kempeneers, H C van Santvoort, T L Bollen, S Bipat, M A Boermeester
OBJECTIVES: Obtain summary estimates of sensitivity and specificity for imaging modalities for chronic pancreatitis (CP) assessment. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL databases for studies evaluating imaging modalities for the diagnosis of CP up to September 2016. A bivariate random-effects modeling was used to obtain summary estimates of sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: We included 43 studies evaluating 3460 patients...
January 27, 2017: European Radiology
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