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Carlo Lombardo, Sara Iacopi, Francesca Menonna, Niccolò Napoli, Emanuele Kauffmann, Juri Bernardini, Andrea Cacciato Insilla, Piero Boraschi, Francescamaria Donati, Carla Cappelli, Daniela Campani, Davide Caramella, Ugo Boggi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Despite diagnostic refinements, pancreatic resection (PR) is eventually performed in some patients with asymptomatic serous cystadenoma (A-SCA). The aim of this study was to define incidence and reasons of PR in A-SCA. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database was performed for all the patients referred for pancreatic cystic lesions (PCL) between January 2005 and March 2016. RESULTS: Overall, there were 1488 patients with PCL, including 1271 (85...
June 8, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Tesshin Ban, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota, Shinya Ashizuka, Kazusato Oshikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Endoscopy
Manuela Roger, Juan Martínez, Gloria Peiró, Jose Ramón Aparicio, Francisco Ruiz, Luís Compañy, Juan Antonio Casellas
AIMS: To assess the expression of cathepsins in pancreatic samples obtained by endoscopic ultrasonography and fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and to investigate their relationship with the staging of the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: We prospectively included patients with solid pancreatic masses, in which EUS-FNA were performed. Cathepsins B, L, S and H expression was determined in FNA samples. RESULTS: Seventeen FNA were performed...
June 12, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Daqi Zhang, Qingfeng Fu, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Tie Wang, Jingwei Xin, Jiao Zhang, Gaofeng Xue, Hongbo Li, Hui Sun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report was dual: (a) to describe the step by step standardized intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM) procedure for recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve focusing on percutaneous IONM method, and (b) evaluation and outcomes of intermittent IONM in 237 endoscopic thyroidectomy via bilateral areolar approach cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 10-mm curved incision is made along the margin of the right areola at the 2 to 4 o'clock position for the 30-degree endoscope...
June 7, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Masataka Yokode, Hideyuki Shiomi, Ryosuke Itai, Sakae Mikami, Yukimasa Yamashita, Ryota Nakano, Takeshi Ezaki, Atsuhiro Masuda, Yoh Zen
A referring hospital diagnosed a 57-year-old man with a pancreatic head mass. The initial endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) was inconclusive because of the small sample size. Endoscopic ultrasonography elastography (EUS-EG) and contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasonography (CE-EUS), conducted at our institute, raised the possibility of mass-forming pancreatitis or autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). A repeat EUS-FNA revealed inflammatory changes, including a neutrophilic duct injury suggestive of type 2 AIP...
2018: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Aziz Zaanan, Olivier Bouché, Leonor Benhaim, Bruno Buecher, Nicolas Chapelle, Olivier Dubreuil, Nadim Fares, Victoire Granger, Christine Lefort, Johan Gagniere, Julie Meilleroux, Anne-Sophie Baumann, Veronique Vendrely, Michel Ducreux, Pierre Michel
INTRODUCTION: This document is a summary of the French Intergroup guidelines regarding the management of gastric cancer published in October 2016, available on the website of the French Society of Gastroenterology (SNFGE) (, updated in October 2017. METHODS: This collaborative work was realized under the auspices of several French medical societies involved in management of gastric cancer. Recommendations are graded in three categories (A-C), according to the amount of evidence found in the literature until July 2017...
June 6, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
Marianna Signoretti, Marco J Bruno, Giulia Zerboni, Jan-Werner Poley, Gianfranco Delle Fave, Gabriele Capurso
Background: Data on surveillance for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in high-risk individuals (HRIs) with "familial pancreatic cancer" (FPC) and specific syndromes are limited and heterogeneous. Objective: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of PDAC surveillance studies in HRIs. Methods: Prevalence of solid/cystic pancreatic lesions and of lesions considered a successful target of surveillance (proven resectable PDAC and high-grade precursors) was pooled across studies...
May 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Bo Jan Noordman, Manon C W Spaander, Roelf Valkema, Bas P L Wijnhoven, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Joël Shapiro, Katharina Biermann, Ate van der Gaast, Richard van Hillegersberg, Maarten C C M Hulshof, Kausilia K Krishnadath, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Liekele E Oostenbrug, Peter D Siersema, Erik J Schoon, Meindert N Sosef, Ewout W Steyerberg, J Jan B van Lanschot
BACKGROUND: After neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for oesophageal cancer, roughly half of the patients with squamous cell carcinoma and a quarter of those with adenocarcinoma have a pathological complete response of the primary tumour before surgery. Thus, the necessity of standard oesophagectomy after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy should be reconsidered for patients who respond sufficiently to neoadjuvant treatment. In this study, we aimed to establish the accuracy of detection of residual disease after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with different diagnostic approaches, and the optimal combination of diagnostic techniques for clinical response evaluations...
May 31, 2018: Lancet Oncology
Tesshin Ban, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshimasa Kubota, Yuichiro Sato
Rapid onsite evaluation (ROSE) following endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided fine-needle aspiration contributes to the establishment of a diagnosis for various organs. Newly designed three-plane symmetric needles for EUS-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB), such as the Franseen needle, have been developed to enable histological core tissue acquisition. However, EUS-guided tissue acquisition for hypervascular splenic lesions remains challenging. Tissue acquisition in cases of splenic malignant lymphoma by using a conventional needle with multiple strokes and suction may result in indeterminate ROSE due to blood contamination and tiny fragments of lymphoma tissue, whereas EUS-FNB by using the Franseen needle with a minimal number of strokes with suction demonstrates qualified specimens for the ROSE as well as histological examination...
May 29, 2018: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
Kohei Oka, Ken Inoue, Satoshi Sugino, Taishi Harada, Toshifumi Tsuji, Shingo Nakashima, Takayuki Katayama, Takashi Okuda, Syuichi Kin, Akihiro Nagata, Toshiyuki Komaki, Keizo Kagawa
BACKGROUND: Anaplastic carcinoma of the pancreas is a rare pancreatic neoplasm with a poor prognosis. It is classified as a variant of ductal adenocarcinoma, but the clinical features and treatment of it remain unknown because of its rarity and aggressiveness. Endoscopic ultrasonography and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration are useful techniques for the diagnosis of pancreatic tumors with high sensitivity and specificity. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old Japanese woman presented with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, and a cystic lesion with slightly high density area was observed by computed tomography in her pancreatic head...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ihab I El Hajj, John DeWitt, Stuart Sherman, Thomas F Imperiale, Julia K LeBlanc, Lee McHenry, Gregory A Cote, Cynthia S Johnson, Mohammad Al-Haddad
BACKGROUND: Treatment and prognosis of patients with rectal adenocarcinoma (RAC) are dependent on accurate locoregional staging. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to measure the performance characteristics of rectal endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) compared with surgical pathology, and to assess the interobserver variation of rectal EUS in the staging of RAC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients referred for rectal EUS staging of a recently diagnosed RAC were prospectively enrolled between 2012 and 2016...
May 24, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Helena Tavares de Sousa, Jorge Brito, Fernando Magro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cross-sectional imaging, namely ultrasound, CT and MR enterography, complements clinical and endoscopic monitoring of activity and complications in IBD, and emerging new radiological technologies may have clinical applications in the near future. This review offers an update on the potential role of these new imaging methods in the management of IBD. RECENT FINDINGS: Specific MR techniques [diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and magnetization transfer] allow accurate detection of inflammation (DWI and maybe DKI) and fibrosis (magnetization transfer) in Crohn's disease, without the need of intravenous gadolinium administration...
July 2018: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Noriyuki Arakawa, Atsushi Irisawa, Goro Shibukawa, Ai Sato, Yoko Abe, Akane Yamabe, Yusuke Takasakia, Yoshitsugu Yoshida, Takumi Maki, Ryo Igarashi, Shogo Yamamoto, Tsunehiko Ikeda, Hiroshi Hojo
While some reports are available regarding metachronous gastric metastasis from renal cell carcinoma after treatment, there are few reports of primary lesion detection based on the diagnosis of a gastric metastatic lesion. The patient in this case was an 80-year-old woman who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy after having developed anorexia 2 months earlier. A submucosal tumor with central umbilication was found in the gastric greater curvature. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a solid and hypoechoic mass with hypervascularity on color Doppler imaging that proliferated mainly within the submucosal layer...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Rodrigo Ruano, Denise B Klinkner, Karthik Balakrishnan, Victoria A Novoa Y Novoa, Norman Davies, Dean D Potter, William A Carey, Christopher E Colby, Amy B Kolbe, Katherine W Arendt, Leal Segura, Hans P Sviggum, Maureen A Lemens, Abimbola Famuyide, Andre Terzic
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the prenatal regenerative medicine service at Mayo Clinic for fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) care for severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two cases of prenatal management of severe CDH with FETO between January and August 2017 are reported. Per protocol, FETO was offered for life-threatening severe CDH at between 26 and 29 weeks' gestation. Regenerative outcome end point was fetal lung growth. Gestational age at procedure and maternal and perinatal outcomes were additional monitored parameters...
May 15, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Chang Hwan Park
Common bile duct (CBD) stone is a relatively frequent disorder with a prevalence of 10-20% in patients with gallstones. This is also associated with serious complications, including obstructive jaundice, acute suppurative cholangitis, and acute pancreatitis. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is the most important for managing CBD stones. According to a recent meta-analysis, endoscopic ultrasonography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography have high sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis of CBD stones...
May 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Paúl Gomez Hinojosa, Jorge Espinoza-Ríos, Alvaro Bellido Caparo, José Luis Pinto Valdivia, Mavel Rosado Cipriano, Ricardo Prochazka Zarate, Eduar Bravo Alban, Arturo Zegarra Chang
BACKGROUND: The predictors proposed by the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) are commonly used topredict the presence and management of choledocholithiasis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance and precision of thepredictors of choledocholithiasis proposed by ASGE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective and longitudinal study performed ata third level hospital during January 2015 to June 2017. All patients with high and intermediate probability of choledocholithiasiswho underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were included according to the criteria proposedby the ASGE...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Thibault Vieira, Jean-Baptiste Stern, Philippe Girard, Raffaelle Caliandro
The expanded possibilities to explore the lung deeper with new tools such as electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) or radial probe endobronchial ultrasonography (radial EBUS), combined with miniaturization of traditional local therapies such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA), radiotherapy, cryotherapy or photodynamic therapy, let the bronchoscopists hope for new ways of endoscopic treatments. This challenge could change the practice in the upcoming decades but raise some physical and technical issues...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Luis Miguel Juárez-Salcedo, Lubomir Sokol, Julio C Chavez, Samir Dalia
Primary gastric lymphoma (PGL) is the most common extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma and represents a wide spectrum of disease, ranging from indolent low-grade marginal zone lymphoma or mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma to aggressive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The PGL is a relatively rare cancer and easily misdiagnosed due to its unspecific symptoms of the digestive tract. The medical literature and ongoing clinical trials were reviewed on the clinical presentation, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and treatment of PGL...
January 2018: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
Jelle E Bousema, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Nicole E Papen-Botterhuis, Hermien W Schreurs, Jos G Maessen, Erik H van der Heijden, Willem H Steup, Jerry Braun, Valentin J J M Noyez, Fieke Hoeijmakers, Naomi Beck, Martijn van Dorp, Niels J M Claessens, Birgitta I Hiddinga, Johannes M A Daniels, David J Heineman, Harmen R Zandbergen, Ad F T M Verhagen, Paul E van Schil, Jouke T Annema, Frank J C van den Broek
BACKGROUND: In case of suspicious lymph nodes on computed tomography (CT) or fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), advanced tumour size or central tumour location in patients with suspected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), Dutch and European guidelines recommend mediastinal staging by endosonography (endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)) with sampling of mediastinal lymph nodes. If biopsy results from endosonography turn out negative, additional surgical staging of the mediastinum by mediastinoscopy is advised to prevent unnecessary lung resection due to false negative endosonography findings...
May 18, 2018: BMC Surgery
Woo Hyun Paik, Sang Hyub Lee, Sunguk Jang
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)-guided therapy with ethanol injection or catheter-based radiofrequency ablation for pancreatic neoplasm has been conducted as a potential alternate treatment modality for patients who are not eligible for surgery. On the basis of the limited number of studies available, EUS-guided ablation therapy with the aforementioned methods for small pancreatic neoplasms has demonstrated promising technical feasibility and safety profiles. To be considered as a legitimate alternative option to surgery, however, EUS-guided ablation therapy must provide a long-term efficacy profile along with the consensus among experts regarding its treatment parameter...
May 2018: Clinical Endoscopy
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