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ENDOSCOPIC ULTRASONOGRAPHY

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675938/value-of-additional-endoscopic-ultrasonography-for-surveillance-after-surgical-removal-of-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms
#1
Ken Kamata, Mamoru Takenaka, Kosuke Minaga, Shunsuke Omoto, Takeshi Miyata, Kentaro Yamao, Hajime Imai, Atsushi Nakai, Hidekazu Tanaka, Yasutaka Chiba, Tomohiro Watanabe, Toshiharu Sakurai, Naoshi Nishida, Takaaki Chikugo, Ippei Matsumoto, Yoshifumi Takeyama, Masayuki Kitano, Masatoshi Kudo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study evaluated the utility of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), combined with contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS (CH-EUS), for surveillance of the remnant pancreas after surgery for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective, descriptive study. A total of 134 consecutive patients who underwent surgical resection for IPMN between April 2009 and March 2015 were evaluated. The rates of recurrence and development of IPMN-concomitant pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) during follow-up were assessed...
April 19, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671537/chronic-pancreatitis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#2
Kathleen Barry
Chronic pancreatitis is an irreversible and progressive disorder of the pancreas characterized by inflammation, fibrosis, and scarring. Exocrine and endocrine functions are lost, often leading to chronic pain. The etiology is multifactorial, although alcoholism is the most significant risk factor in adults. The average age at diagnosis is 35 to 55 years. If chronic pancreatitis is suspected, contrast-enhanced computed tomography is the best imaging modality for diagnosis. Computed tomography may be inconclusive in early stages of the disease, so other modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, or endoscopic ultrasonography with or without biopsy may be used...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667114/efficacy-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-for-determining-clinical-t-category-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-data-from-1434-surgical-cases
#3
Jie Yang, Guang-Yu Luo, Run-Bin Liang, Tai-Shan Zeng, Hao Long, Jian-Hua Fu, Guo-Liang Xu, Mu-Zi Yang, Shuo Li, Lan-Jun Zhang, Peng Lin, Xin Wang, Xue Hou, Hao-Xian Yang
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for determining T category is variable for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We aimed to assess the efficacy of EUS in accurately identifying T category for ESCC based on the 8th AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted using a prospectively collected ESCC database from January 2003 to December 2015, in which all patients underwent EUS examination followed by esophagectomy...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667091/clinical-impact-of-the-intra-scope-channel-stent-release-technique-in-preventing-stent-migration-during-eus-guided-hepaticogastrostomy
#4
Akira Miyano, Takeshi Ogura, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Atsushi Okuda, Nobu Nishioka, Kazuhide Higuchi
BACKGROUNDS: Stent migration following endoscopic ultrasonography-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) may sometimes be fatal because there are no adhesions between the biliary tract and stomach. To prevent stent migration and minimize the stent length in the abdominal cavity, we recently performed EUS-HGS using the technique of releasing the stent within the scope channel. AIMS: To examine the technical feasibility of the intra-scope channel stent release technique...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666743/an-extremely-rare-bile-leakage-aberrant-bile-duct-in-left-triangular-ligament-appendix-fibrosa-hepatis
#5
İhsan Yıldız, Yavuz Savaş Koca, Sezayi Kantar
Background: The anatomical variability of bile ducts can leave surgeons in very difficult conditions.Ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRCP) and endoscopic imaging methods are used in diagnosis. In addition to conservative approaches, endoscopic procedures and laparoscopic or open surgical interventions may be necessary for treatment. In this article, we present a case of aberrant bile duct in left triangular ligament (appendix fibrosa hepatis), which is rarely seen...
2018: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657608/the-use-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-the-detection-and-differentiation-of-pathology-in-the-wall-of-the-upper-gastrointestinal-tract
#6
Przemysław Dyrla, Jerzy Gil, Stanisław Niemczyk, Marek Saracyn, Krzysztof Kosik, Sebastian Czarkowski, Arkadiusz Lubas
Introduction: The growing incidence of gastrointestinal diseases forces to improve imaging techniques. Identification of lesions located inside the wall of intestinal tract or in close proximity often was not possible using endoscopy or computed tomography. Aim: To assess the usefulness of endosonography (EUS) in the differentiation between compression from the outside and intramural lesions of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Material and methods: For 4 years 20,012 patients with performed gastroscopies were enrolled in the study...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651403/enhanced-wound-healing-after-leiomyoma-enucleation
#7
Masood Amini, Mohammad Hassan Hashemizadeh, Seyedeh Leila Poorbaghi
Leiomyoma is a rare esophageal tumor that constitutes less than 1% of esophageal malignancies. It should be removed when diagnosed even if asymptomatic. This study presents two cases of esophageal leiomyoma in 38 and 62 years old men who presented with dysphagia and evaluated for diagnosis and location of related tumors. Patients were clinically examined and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, chest computerized tomography scan, barium swallow and endoscopic ultrasonography were performed. The masses were diagnosed and both patients underwent 3-port right videothoracoscopic enucleation of esophageal leiomyoma with sleeve calibration tube (SCT) assistance...
January 2018: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650930/-a-case-of-early-gastric-cancer-with-multiple-lymph-node-metastases-revealed-by-additional-surgical-resection-after-esd
#8
Yoshitaka Nakamura, Masayuki Yubakami, Yutaka Kondo, Yukihisa Nishimura, Momoko Todo, Kiyoto Atsuji, Akihiro Yamaguchi, Naoki Kakihara, Osamu Ikawa, Hiroki Taniguchi
A 74-year-old man was referred to our hospital for further investigation of a cystic lesion in the pancreatic body, which had been detected by ultrasonography at a local hospital. He was diagnosed as intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm(IPMN) and further preoperative examinations were conducted. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy demonstrated a type 0-II c tumor of the greater curvature in the upper third of the stomach. Endoscopic ultrasonography showed no sign of submucosal invasion. Endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD)was carried out and pathological examination of a specimen revealed well differentiated adenocarcinoma with submucosal invasion, which fulfilled the indication for additional gastrectomy with lymph node dissection...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622065/-endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-tumour-staging-of-colonic-cancer
#9
Marie Louise Malmstrøm, Trine Perner, Peter Vilmann, Isamil Gögenur
Tumour staging of colonic cancer has become increasingly important due to advancements in minimally invasive surgical techniques and potential benefits of neoadjuvant treatments for advanced but operable tumours. Selection of patients for the latter is based on CT-scans although the staging quality of this image modality is widely debated. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has not routinely been used for staging colonic cancer. This article presents the current knowledge of EUS for T-staging of colonic cancers and discusses the rationale for its supplement to routine CT-scans in selected patients...
April 2, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617789/does-oesophageal-stenosis-have-any-impact-on-survival-of-oesophageal-cancer-patients
#10
Han-Yu Deng, Gang Li, Jun Luo
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'Does oesophageal stenosis have any impact on survival of oesophageal cancer patients?'. A total of 542 papers were found using the reported search, of which 8 cohort studies represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. Most of these studies defined stenosis as failure to cross the tumour at endoscopic ultrasonography...
March 30, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617752/muscle-layer-thickness-affects-the-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-procedure-complexity
#11
D Watanabe, S Tanaka, R Ariyoshi, H Abe, F Kawara, T Toyonaga
Esophageal motility disorders can cause severe dysphagia, regurgitation, and/or noncardiac chest pain due to a lack of coordinated esophageal motility function. However, the clinical significance of esophageal muscle layer thickness remains unclear. The aims of this study are to elucidate the clinical significance of esophageal muscle layer thickness in patients with esophageal motility disorders who undergo peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM), and to identify predictors of a longer POEM procedure time. Seventy-four consecutive patients with esophageal motility disorders who underwent POEM procedures at Kobe University Hospital from April 2015 to December 2016 were prospectively recruited into this study...
March 28, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613967/comparison-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-guided-biliary-drainage-and-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-in-the-management-of-malignant-obstructive-jaundice-after-failed-ercp-erratum
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611112/sedation-practices-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-survey-from-southern-india
#13
Prakash Zacharias, Shibi Mathew, John Mathews, Aby Somu, Maya Peethambaran, Menon Prashanth, Mathew Philip
Gastrointestinal endoscopies can cause an unpleasant experience for the patient. In India, most endoscopists follow a common institutional policy for sedation. The aim of this study was to analyze the sedation practices in various endoscopy centers across southern India. Data were collected with the help of a structured questionnaire given to a senior endoscopist of the center. Data from the completed questionnaire were later analyzed. Data were obtained from 19 centers across southern India. All endoscopy suites had central oxygen supply and emergency cart...
April 3, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607674/a-rare-oesophageal-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour-treated-by-endoscopy
#14
Z Y Fang, H X Huang, C Lu, X X Zhou, F Ji, C H Yu, Y M Li
An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour is a mesenchymal neoplasm that mostly involves the lung and rarely involves the oesophagus. Surgery has been most commonly used for the treatment of oesophageal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours but there are no definite guidelines for their diagnosis and treatment. We describe the case of a 60-year-old woman presenting with dysphagia and poor appetite who was diagnosed with a submucosal oesophageal tumour by contrast enhanced computed tomography and ultrasonography endoscopy...
April 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607396/prevalence-and-echo-features-of-mediastinal-lymph-nodes-in-eus-for-non-malignant-indications-a-prospective-study-in-a-southern-european-population
#15
Joana Carmo, Miguel Bispo, Susana Marques, Cristina Chagas
Background and study aims:  Significant heterogeneity in geographic distribution regarding the prevalence of mediastinal lymph nodes (MLN) has been documented in autopsy and computed tomography (CT) studies. Awareness of the local prevalence and characteristics of lymph nodes will be relevant when performing endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) for staging of malignant neoplasias. The aims of this study were to document the prevalence and echo features of MLN in patients undergoing EUS for non-malignant extrathoracic disease and to identify predictive factors for the presence of MLN...
April 2018: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600432/catheter-probe-extraductal-ultrasound-edus-exploration-of-the-common-bile-duct-is-safe-in-elderly-patients-with-suspicion-of-choledocholithiasis-after-distal-gastrectomy
#16
Thomas Togliani, Stefano Pilati, Andrea Lisotti, Giancarlo Caletti, Pietro Fusaroli
PURPOSE: Post-surgical upper gastrointestinal anatomy may hamper a complete bilio-pancreatic evaluation with a standard echoendoscope. The aim of this study was to assess the role of catheter probe extraductal ultrasound (EDUS) for the evaluation of the common bile duct (CBD) in patients who are status post-gastric surgery and who are suspected of having choledocholithiasis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with a prior history of gastric surgery, who underwent EDUS for a suspicion of CBD obstruction...
March 29, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577030/eus-guided-gall-bladder-drainage-in-severe-liver-disease-a-single-center-experience-in-critically-ill-cirrhotics
#17
Kapil Dev Jamwal, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Rakhi Maiwall, Barjesh Kumar Sharma, Shiv Kumar Sarin
Background and Aims : Acute calculous cholecystitis with impending gall bladder perforation in severe liver diseases including decompensated cirrhosis and acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is difficult to manage, due to the procedures such as cholecystectomy and per cutaneous cholecystostomy being associated with high risk and complications in these patients. Methods : Four cases of severe liver disease with acute calculous cholecystitis who presented to the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (New Delhi, India) for further management were included in the study if they underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided gall bladder drainage (EUS-GBD)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575837/-clinical-value-of-endoscopicultrsaonography-and-multi-slice-spiral-ct-in-siewert-%C3%A2-and-%C3%A2-type-adenocarcinoma-of-esophagogastric-junction
#18
G L Zheng, J J Li, G Q Xiang, J Zhu, Y Zhao, H T Zhu, D Yang, Y Wang, J Zhang, X Y Meng, Z C Zheng
Objective: To investigate the clinical value of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and Multi-slice Spiral CT (MSCT) in the preoperativestaging of tumor(T) and lymph node (N) metastasis in patients with SiewertⅡand Ⅲ typeadenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction(AEG). Methods: Clinical data of 145 Siewert Ⅱ and Ⅲ type AEG patientswithout preoperative chemoradiotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. Theyall received preoperative EUS and MSCT examination and underwent surgical resection, and the results of EUS and MSCT were compared with their postoperative pathologic staging...
March 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565499/diagnostic-performance-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-in-pancreatic-lesions
#19
Q-M Wu, Y-N Guo, Y-Q Xu
OBJECTIVE: This aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic performance of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in pancreatic lesions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with pancreatic lesions after CT (or MRI) and EUS-FNA examination were retrospectively enrolled. Cytopathological diagnosis of pancreas tissue were obtained by surgery or EUS-FNA. Clinical follow-up results were used as golden standard for diagnosis of pancreatic lesions...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560695/radiological-and-endoscopic-imaging-methods-in-the-management-of-cystic-pancreatic-neoplasms
#20
REVIEW
Ahmet Aslan, Ibrahim Inan, Süleyman Orman, Mine Aslan, Murat Acar
The management of cystic pancreatic neoplasm (CPN) is a clinical dilemma because of its clinical presentations and malignant potential. Surgery is the best treatment choice ; however, pancreatic surgery still has high complication rates, even in experienced centers. Imaging methods have a definitive role in the management of CPN and computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and endoscopic ultrasonography are the preferred methods since they can reveal the suspicious features for malignancy. Therefore, radiologists, gastroenterologists, endoscopists, and surgeons should be aware of the common features of CPN, its discrete presentations on imaging methods, and the limitations of these modalities in the management of the disease...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
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