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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351634/commentary-how-should-hospitals-respond-to-surgeons-requests-to-schedule-overlapping-surgeries
#1
Amanda J Morris, Michelle M Mello, Joseph A Sanford, Ryan B Green, Samuel H Wald, Bassam Kadry, Alex Macario
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351486/different-physiological-roles-of-insulin-receptors-in-mediating-nutrient-metabolism-in-zebrafish
#2
Bin-Yuan Yang, Gang Zhai, Yu-Long Gong, Jing-Zhi Su, Xu-Yan Peng, Guo-Hui Shang, Dong Han, Jun-Yan Jin, Hao-Kun Liu, Zhen-Yu Du, Zhan Yin, Shou-Qi Xie
Insulin, the most potent anabolic hormone, is critical for somatic growth and metabolism in vertebrates. Type 2 diabetes, which is the primary cause of hyperglycemia, results from an inability of insulin to signal glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. Our previous study showed that double knockout of insulin receptor a (insra) and b (insrb) caused β-cell hyperplasia and lethality from 5 dpf to 16 dpf. In this study, we characterized the physiological roles of Insra and Insrb, in somatic growth and fueling metabolism, respectively...
December 19, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351467/from-ionic-to-cellular-variability-in-human-atrial-myocytes-an-integrative-computational-and-experimental-study
#3
Anna Muszkiewicz, Xing Liu, Alfonso Bueno-Orovio, Brodie A J Lawson, Kevin Burrage, Barbara Casadei, Blanca Rodriguez
Variability refers to differences in physiological function between individuals, which may translate into different disease susceptibility and treatment efficacy. Experiments in human cardiomyocytes face wide variability and restricted tissue access; under these conditions computational models are a useful complementary tool. We conducted a computational and experimental investigation in cardiomyocytes isolated from samples of the right atrial appendage of patients undergoing cardiac surgery to evaluate the impact of variability in action potentials (APs) and sub-cellular ionic densities on calcium transient dynamics...
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351327/a-novel-risk-classification-system-for-30-day-mortality-in-children-undergoing-surgery
#4
Oguz Akbilgic, Max R Langham, Arianne I Walter, Tamekia L Jones, Eunice Y Huang, Robert L Davis
A simple, objective and accurate way of grouping children undergoing surgery into clinically relevant risk groups is needed. The purpose of this study, is to develop and validate a preoperative risk classification system for postsurgical 30-day mortality for children undergoing a wide variety of operations. The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project-Pediatric participant use file data for calendar years 2012-2014 was analyzed to determine preoperative variables most associated with death within 30 days of operation (D30)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351132/mixed-methods-approach-to-humanistic-interprofessional-faculty-development
#5
Alice Fornari, Leanne M Tortez, Monika Lay, Bruce Hirsch, Donna Tanzi, Isabel Friedman, Alison P Ricardo, Renee Pekmezaris, William Branch
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mentoring and Professionalism in Training (MAP-IT) program, a longitudinal, interprofessional faculty development curriculum designed to enhance clinicians' humanistic mentoring skills, specifically nurses and physicians. METHODS: During 2014 to 2016, two consecutive cohorts of nurses and physicians completed the MAP-IT program. Participants included 169 high potential mentors (HPMs) and 61 facilitator leaders...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351112/dimensional-variations-in-the-soft-tissue-profile-after-removal-of-implant-supported-fixed-interim-restorations-a-pilot-clinical-study
#6
Juan C Duran, Felipe Aguirre, Rodrigo Pino, Diego Velásquez
PURPOSE: To measure dimensional changes of the periimplant soft tissue profile after removal of a single implant fixed interim restorations using digital impression procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten participants presenting with single implant-supported fixed interim restorations (ISFIRs) on the maxillary esthetic zone. A 2-step silicone impression was made of the maxillary arch with the ISFIRs. The experimental procedure was obtained by making digital impressions of the gingival contours immediately after ISFIR removal...
January 17, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351041/a-new-technique-in-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-for-dental-implant-placement-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#7
Vo Van Nhan, Le Van Son, Ta Anh Tuan, Nguyen Tai Son, Trinh Dinh Hai, Le Duc Lanh, Nguyen Manh Ha, Lam Dai Phong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 iliac corticocancellous-block grafting techniques for dental implant placement in residual alveolar clefts. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective clinical trial between March 2010 and December 2014. SETTING: National Hospital of Odonto-Stomatology, Hanoi, Vietnam. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two patients (23 female, 9 male; mean age, 21.28 years; range, 16-31 years) with unilateral complete alveolar cleft after reconstructive surgery for cleft lip and palate (CLP)...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351009/life-history-traits-evolved-jointly-with-climatic-niche-and-disturbance-regime-in-the-genus-leucadendron-proteaceae
#8
Jeanne Tonnabel, Frank M Schurr, Florian Boucher, Wilfried Thuiller, Julien Renaud, Emmanuel J P Douzery, Ophélie Ronce
Organisms have evolved a diversity of life-history strategies to cope with variation in their environment. Persistence as adults and/or seeds across recruitment events allows species to dampen the effects of environmental fluctuations. The evolution of life cycles with overlapping generations should thus permit the colonization of environments with uncertain recruitment. We tested this hypothesis in Leucadendron (Proteaceae), a genus with high functional diversity native to fire-prone habitats in the South African fynbos...
February 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350685/re-orchestration-of-blood-flow-by-micro-circulations
#9
P A R Meyer
Haemoglobin Video Imaging (HVI) demonstrates conjunctival and episcleral blood flow in man with the resolution of a single erythrocyte. A new method for establishing vessel hierarchy in micro-circulations is described, which recognises either delivery or drainage vessels and references vessel order to the capillary. These tools have been used to characterise blood flow.Anterior ciliary arteries show pulsatile variation in diameter. The episcleral arterial circle that they supply has functional apices with pulsatile flow reversal...
January 19, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350628/inkjet-printing-and-electrical-characterisation-of-dna-templated-cadmium-sulfide-nanowires
#10
Raushan Nurdillayeva, Atsinafe Oshido, Thomas Bamford, Osama El-Zubir, Andrew Houlton, John Hedley, Andrew Pike, Benjamin Horrocks
Cadmium sulfide can be templated on -DNA molecules to form an aqueous dispersion of CdS/-DNA nanowires. Subsequent addition of ethylene glycol to 50% v/v is sufficient to formulate an ink suitable for printing using piezoelectric drop-on-demand technology. Printed droplet arrays show a coffee-ring morphology of individual deposits by fluorescence and Raman microscopy, but upon increasing the number of layers of printed material by repeated printing over each droplet, the dry deposit approaches closer to a disc shape...
January 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350576/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-stroke-prone-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-on-high-salt-diet
#11
Fanny Herisson, Iris Zhou, Jerome Mawet, E Du, Arnavaz H Barfejani, Tao Qin, Marilyn J Cipolla, Philip Z Sun, Natalia S Rost, Cenk Ayata
Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) on high-salt diet are characterized by extremely high arterial pressures, and have been endorsed as a model for hypertensive small vessel disease and vascular cognitive impairment. However, rapidly developing malignant hypertension is a well-known cause of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in humans, associated with acute neurological deficits, seizures, vasogenic cerebral edema and microhemorrhages. In this study, we aimed to examine the overlap between human PRES and SHRSP on high-salt diet...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350239/-the-abc-guide-for-the-treatment-of-posterior-shoulder-instability
#12
REVIEW
P Moroder, V Danzinger, M Minkus, M Scheibel
BACKGROUND: Posterior glenohumeral instability (PGHI) is an often unrecognized or misdiagnosed type of shoulder instability due to its heterogenic clinical and radiological presentation. CLASSIFICATION: The ABC classification for PGHI is based on the different pathomechanisms and recommended treatment standards and is therefore a guide to finding the correct diagnosis and therapy for affected patients. There are different types of PGHI: A (first time), B (dynamic), C (static)...
January 19, 2018: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350217/an-integrated-tool-for-calculating-and-reducing-institution-carbon-and-nitrogen-footprints
#13
Allison M Leach, James N Galloway, Elizabeth A Castner, Jennifer Andrews, Neil Leary, John D Aber
The development of nitrogen footprint tools has allowed a range of entities to calculate and reduce their contribution to nitrogen pollution, but these tools represent just one aspect of environmental pollution. For example, institutions have been calculating their carbon footprints to track and manage their greenhouse gas emissions for over a decade. This article introduces an integrated tool that institutions can use to calculate, track, and manage their nitrogen and carbon footprints together. It presents the methodology for the combined tool, describes several metrics for comparing institution nitrogen and carbon footprint results, and discusses management strategies that reduce both the nitrogen and carbon footprints...
April 1, 2017: Sustainability (New Rochelle)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350085/divergent-classification-methods-of-post-concussion-syndrome-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-prevalence-rates-risk-factors-and-functional-outcome
#14
Daphne Cloë Voormolen, Maryse C Cnossen, Suzanne Polinder, Nicole von Steinbuechel, Pieter E Vos, Juanita Antje Haagsma
Mild Traumatic Brian Injury (mTBI) is a common diagnosis and approximately one third of mTBI patients experience a variety of cognitive, emotional, psychosocial and behavioral post-concussion symptoms. When a cluster of these symptoms persists for more than three months they are often classified as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). The objective of this study was to determine prevalence rates, risk factors and functional outcome associated with PCS six months after mTBI applying divergent classification methods...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349864/the-morphometric-co-atrophy-networking-of-schizophrenia-autistic-and-obsessive-spectrum-disorders
#15
Franco Cauda, Andrea Nani, Tommaso Costa, Sara Palermo, Karina Tatu, Jordi Manuello, Sergio Duca, Peter T Fox, Roberto Keller
By means of a novel methodology that can statistically derive patterns of co-alterations distribution from voxel-based morphological data, this study analyzes the patterns of brain alterations of three important psychiatric spectra-that is, schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SCZD), autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), and obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder (OCSD). Our analysis provides five important results. First, in SCZD, ASD, and OCSD brain alterations do not distribute randomly but, rather, follow network-like patterns of co-alteration...
January 18, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349564/retraction-note-to-factors-associated-with-post-stroke-depression-and-fatigue-lesion-location-and-coping-styles
#16
Changjuan Wei, Fang Zhang, Li Chen, Xiaofeng Ma, Nan Zhang, Junwei Hao
The Editors-in-Chief are retracting the original article because it shows significant overlap with an article previously published by the authors [1]. All authors agree to this retraction.
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349453/a-qm-mm-and-qm-qm-mm-study-of-kerr-cotton-mouton-and-jones-linear-birefringences-in-liquid-acetonitrile
#17
Tobias Fahleson, Jógvan Magnus Haugaard Olsen, Patrick Norman, Antonio Rizzo
QM/MM and QM/QM/MM protocols are applied to the ab initio study of the three linear birefringences Kerr, Cotton-Mouton, and Jones, as shown by acetonitrile in the gas and pure liquid phases. The relevant first-order properties as well as linear, quadratic, and cubic frequency-dependent response functions were computed using time-dependent Kohn-Sham density-functional theory with use of the standard CAM-B3LYP functional. In the liquid phase, a series of room temperature (293.15 K) molecular dynamics snapshots were selected, for which averaged values of the observables were obtained at an optical wavelength of 632...
January 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349436/superficial-temporal-artery-aneurysm-associated-with-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease
#18
Sosei Kuma, Tsubasa Takeshima, Takefumi Ohga, Tadahiro Nozoe, Katsuo Sueishi
A 68-year-old man was admitted because of a pulsatile mass and pain in the left temporal region, and computed tomography demonstrated the superficial temporal artery aneurysm. He underwent aneurysmectomy, and pathologic investigation revealed marked thickness of the adventitia with substantial plasmacyte infiltration. On immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) immunohistochemistry, IgG4-positive lymphocytes were scattered in the adventitia, and biochemical tests revealed elevation of IgG4 (200 mg/dL). The case satisfied the criteria for both giant cell arteritis and IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD)...
December 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349041/unusual-cause-of-severe-diabetic-ketoacidosis-precipitated-by-streptococcus-bovis-equinus-sbsec-bacteremia-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#19
Sana Idrees, Sonali Gupta, Miguel Mantilla, Pradeep Goyal, Ilja Hulinsky
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a feared complication in patients with diabetes mellitus and poses high risk of mortality and morbidity unless treated in timely manner. Infection is one of the most common precipitating factors for the development of diabetic ketoacidosis. Bacteremia with Group A and Group B beta hemolytic streptococcal strains are well known, however nonenterococcal Group D strains such as the Streptococcus bovis/Streptococcus equinus complex (SBSEC) still remains an understudied entity. Here we present a case of a 35-year-old Type I diabetic female presenting with severe diabetic ketoacidosis with overlapping features of hyperosmolar hyperglycemia, precipitated by Streptococcus alactolyticus bacteremia, successfully treated with four-week course of parenteral ceftriaxone...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348990/hypercalcemia-of-malignancy-an-emergency-medicine-simulation
#20
Raman Sohi, Gillian Sheppard
Hypercalcemia is a poor prognostic factor associated with malignancy. The signs and symptoms of hypercalcemia that the patients present to the emergency department are vague and often overlap with the general symptoms of cancer itself or the adverse effects of the chemotherapy. Given that the development of hypercalcemia of malignancy can present with imminent danger to the patient and is a treatable condition, emergency physicians should know how to recognize and treat it. It also marks a time at which discussions regarding plans of care should be initiated with the patients...
November 15, 2017: Curēus
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