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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529118/early-life-allergen-and-air-pollutant-exposures-alter-longitudinal-blood-immune-profiles-in-infant-rhesus-monkeys
#1
Candace M Crowley, Justin H Fontaine, Joan E Gerriets, Edward S Schelegle, Dallas M Hyde, Lisa A Miller
Early life is a critical period for the progressive establishment of immunity in response to environmental stimuli; the impact of airborne challenges on this process is not well defined. In a longitudinal fashion, we determined the effect of episodic house dust mite (HDM) aerosol and ozone inhalation, both separately and combined, on peripheral blood immune cell phenotypes and cytokine expression from 4 to 25weeks of age in an infant rhesus monkey model of childhood development. Immune profiles in peripheral blood were compared with lung lavage at 25weeks of age...
May 18, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504020/propoxur-induced-oxidative-dna-damage-in-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-protective-effects-of-curcumin-and-%C3%AE-tocopherol
#2
Tanzeel Ahmed, Vasu Goel, B D Banerjee
The present study enumerates the attenuating effects of curcumin and α-tocopherol against propoxur induced oxidative DNA damage in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Cultured cells were isolated from peripheral blood of healthy volunteers, and were exposed to varying concentrations of propoxur (0-21 μg/ml) for 6, 12, and 24 h, and in combination with curcumin (9.2 μg/ml) or α-tocopherol (4.3 μg/ml) or both. Cytotoxic effect of propoxur was examined by MTT assay. The role of oxidative stress beneath the cytotoxicity of propoxur was evaluated by the measurement of reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG) levels in cell lysate...
May 15, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486562/exogenous-alpha-1-antitrypsin-down-regulates-serpina1-expression
#3
Ahmad Karadagi, Helene Johansson, Helen Zemack, Sandeep Salipalli, Lisa-Mari Mörk, Kristina Kannisto, Carl Jorns, Roberto Gramignoli, Stephen Strom, Knut Stokkeland, Bo-Göran Ericzon, Danny Jonigk, Sabina Janciauskiene, Greg Nowak, Ewa C S Ellis
The main goal of the therapy with purified human plasma alpha1-antitrypsin (A1AT) is to increase A1AT levels and to prevent lungs from elastolytic activity in patients with PiZZ (Glu342Lys) A1AT deficiency-related emphysema. Potential hepatic gains of this therapy are unknown. Herein, we investigated the effect of A1AT therapy on SERPINA1 (gene encoding A1AT) expression. The expression of SERPINA1 was determined in A1AT or A1AT plus Oncostatin M (OSM) treated primary human hepatocytes isolated from liver tissues from A1AT deficient patients and control liver tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480408/effects-of-combretum-hereroense-and-canthiummundianum-water-extracts-on-production-and-expression-of-interleukin-4
#4
Amidou Samie, Nditsheni Madzie
BACKGROUND: Combretum hereroense and Canthium mundianum are two plants commonly used by traditional healers in the Northern region of Limpopo, South Africa for the treatment of diarrhea and inflammation. In the present study, the effects of their water extracts on the production and expression of interleukin-4 by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC'S) from HIV positive and negative individuals was evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from both HIV positive and HIV negative volunteers and were used for the purification of Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465252/antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-the-major-phenolics-from-zygophyllum-simplex-l
#5
Hossam M Abdallah, Ahmed Esmat
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zygophyllum simplex L. is a halophyte plant that follows Zygophyllaceae. The plant is growing in arid and semiarid regions. It has been used traditionally in Arabic region to treat gout, asthma and inflammation. AIM OF STUDY: Although ant-inflammatory activity has been reported for this plant, this study aimed to isolate and identify the major constituents of Zygophyllum simplex L., as well as assessing their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities in-vitro...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460683/inorganic-zinc-supplementation-modulates-heat-shock-and-immune-response-in-heat-stressed-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-periparturient-dairy-cows
#6
Aasif Ahmad Sheikh, Anjali Aggarwal, Indu B, Ovais Aarif
Thermal stress in India is one of the major constraints affecting dairy cattle productivity. Every attempt should be made to ameliorate the heat and calving related stress in high producing dairy cows for higher economic returns. In the current study, inorganic zinc was tried to alleviate the adverse effects of thermal stress in periparturient cows. Twelve cows, six each of Sahiwal and Karan Fries (KF) in their second parity with confirmed pregnancy were chosen for the experiment. The blood samples were collected periparturiently on three occasions viz...
June 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454672/discovery-of-a-novel-and-potent-class-of-anti-hiv-1-maturation-inhibitors-with-improved-virology-profile-against-gag-polymorphisms
#7
Jun Tang, Stacey A Jones, Jerry L Jeffrey, Sonia R Miranda, Cristin M Galardi, David M Irlbeck, Kevin W Brown, Charlene B McDanal, Brian A Johns
A new class of betulin-derived α-keto amides was identified as HIV-1 maturation inhibitors. Through lead optimization, GSK8999 was identified with IC50 values of 17nM, 23nM, 25nM, and 8nM for wild type, Q369H, V370A, and T371A respectively. When tested in a panel of 62 HIV-1 isolates covering a diversity of CA-SP1 genotypes including A, AE, B, C, and G using a PBMC based assay, GSK8999 was potent against 57 of 62 isolates demonstrating an improvement over the first generation maturation inhibitor BVM. The data disclosed here also demonstrated that the new α-keto amide GSK8999 has a mechanism of action consistent with inhibition of the proteolytic cleavage of CA-SP1...
April 20, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451557/efficacy-and-safety-of-g2013-as-a-novel-immunosuppressive-agent-on-differentiation-maturation-and-function-of-human-dendritic-cells
#8
Nazanin Arjomand Fard, Nakisa Tabrizian, Reza Mirzaei, Jamshid Hadjati, Farzaneh Tofighi Zavareh, Ali Reza Salehi Nodeh, Abbas Mirshafiey
BACKGROUND: The expanse of dendritic cells (DC) differentiation plays an important role in determining immune response. DC-based immunosuppressive drugs have notable side effects in increasing the risk of infectious diseases and cancers. G2013, as a novel anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive agent, has been tested in experimental model of multiple sclerosis. The aim of this study was to conduct the safety property of G2013 on dendritic cells biology. METHODS: The effect of G2013 on differentiation, maturation, and function of dendritic cells was examined at Tehran University in 2014...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443078/phytochemical-characterization-of-terminalia-catappa-linn-extracts-and-their-antifungal-activities-against-candida-spp
#9
Analucia G Terças, Andrea de Souza Monteiro, Eduardo B Moffa, Julliana R A Dos Santos, Eduardo M de Sousa, Anna R B Pinto, Paola C da Silva Costa, Antonio C R Borges, Luce M B Torres, Allan K D Barros Filho, Elizabeth S Fernandes, Cristina de Andrade Monteiro
Terminalia catappa Linn bark is used to treat dysentery by various populations in Southeast Asian countries, and its leaves have also been used in traditional medicine to treat hepatitis in India and the Philippines. Here, the antifungal actions of crude hydro-alcoholic extract (TcHE) and fractions from T. catappa leaves were assessed via the agar diffusion and microdilution tests on Candida reference strains and clinical isolates from patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Additionally, the potential cytotoxic effects of TcHE were assessed on cultured human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441630/winter-to-summer-change-in-vitamin-d-status-reduces-systemic-inflammation-and-bioenergetic-activity-of-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#10
Emily K Calton, Kevin N Keane, Raquel Raizel, Jordan Rowlands, Mario J Soares, Philip Newsholme
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D status [25(OH)D] has recently been reported to be associated with altered cellular bioenergetic profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). No study has tracked the seasonal variation of 25(OH)D and its putative influence on whole body energy metabolism, cellular bioenergetic profiles, inflammatory markers and clinical chemistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Whole body energy metabolism and substrate utilisation were measured by indirect calorimetry...
April 13, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416006/leishmania-major-large-rab-gtpase-is-highly-immunogenic-in-individuals-immune-to-cutaneous-and-visceral-leishmaniasis
#11
Rym Chamakh-Ayari, Mehdi Chenik, Ahmed Sahbi Chakroun, Narges Bahi-Jaber, Karim Aoun, Amel Meddeb-Garnaoui
BACKGROUND: We previously identified a Leishmania (L.) major large RAB GTPase (LmlRAB), a new atypical RAB GTPase protein. It is highly conserved in Leishmania species while displaying low level of homology with mammalian homologues. Leishmania small RAB GTPases proteins have been involved in regulation of exocytic and endocytic pathways whereas the role of large RAB GTPases proteins has not been characterized yet. We report here the immunogenicity of both recombinant rLmlRAB and rLmlRABC, in individuals with immunity against L...
April 17, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410455/diallyl-polysulfides-from-allium-sativum-as-immunomodulators-hepatoprotectors-and-antimycobacterial-agents
#12
Carel Oosthuizen, Miriam Arbach, Debra Meyer, Chris Hamilton, Namrita Lall
Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains one of the world's deadliest killers, with an annual death rate of ∼1.5 million. The medicinal effects of garlic have been well documented, and natural products have been shown to have antimycobacterial activity. The current study evaluated the efficacy of six Allium sativum L. polysulfide mixtures as antimycobacterial agents together with their cytotoxic, immunomodulatory, and hepatoprotective activities. The microtitre PrestoBlue assay was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC)...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407320/role-of-tlr4-and-mir-155-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cell-mediated-inflammatory-reaction-in-coronary-slow-flow-and-coronary-arteriosclerosis-patients
#13
Jiangyan Huang, Qin Yang, Longmiao He, Jun Huang
BACKGROUND: To study the role of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) in the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)-mediated inflammation in coronary slow flow (CSF) and coronary arteriosclerosis. METHODS: Patients were divided into acute coronary syndrome (ACS), stable angina pectoris (SAP), CSF, and healthy control (HC) groups. The isolated PBMCs were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/and antagomiR-155. TLR4, miR-155, and the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1, and IL-10 were measured...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398808/isolation-methods-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-spanish-biobanks-an-overview
#14
Irene Consuegra, Clara Rodríguez-Aierbe, Inés Santiuste, Anna Bosch, Rosario Martínez-Marín, Ma Antonia Fortuto, Tatiana Díaz, Salvador Martí, Ma Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández
The Spanish Hematic Derivatives Group, consisting of 26 biobanks, was established in 2011. We describe here the viability results of our publically available standard operating procedure to freeze and thaw peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Our protocol maximizes PBMC viability while avoiding where possible interbiobank and intrabiobank assay variability.
February 22, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365961/withaferin-a-induces-mitochondrial-dependent-apoptosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-via-generation-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#15
Xi Liu, Lei Chen, Tao Liang, Xiao-Dong Tian, Yang Liu, Tao Zhang
PURPOSE: Withaferin A (WA) is a bioactive lactone, isolated from natural sources, mainly found in Withania somnifera, and was known to be highly effective against a variety of tumor cells both in vitro and in vivo. Accumulating experimental evidence suggests the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in WA-mediated cytotoxicity against cancer cells. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of WA in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and also the role of ROC in WA-mediated cytotoxicity...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352114/irreversible-inhibition-of-btk-kinase-by-a-novel-highly-selective-inhibitor-chmfl-btk-11-suppresses-inflammatory-response-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-model
#16
Hong Wu, Qiong Huang, Ziping Qi, Yongfei Chen, Aoli Wang, Cheng Chen, Qianmao Liang, Jinghua Wang, Wensheng Chen, Jin Dong, Kailin Yu, Chen Hu, Wenchao Wang, Xiaochuan Liu, Yuanxin Deng, Li Wang, Beilei Wang, Xiaoxiang Li, Nathanael S Gray, Jing Liu, Wei Wei, Qingsong Liu
BTK plays a critical role in the B cell receptor mediated inflammatory signaling in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Through a rational design approach we discovered a highly selective and potent BTK kinase inhibitor (CHMFL-BTK-11) which exerted its inhibitory efficacy through a covalent bond with BTK Cys481. CHMFL-BTK-11 potently blocked the anti-IgM stimulated BCR signaling in the Ramos cell lines and isolated human primary B cells. It significantly inhibited the LPS stimulated TNF-α production in the human PBMC cells but only weakly affecting the normal PBMC cell proliferation...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333932/impairment-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-blood-cells-of-patients-with-severe-cavitary-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#17
Lin Fan, Hongbo Shen, Huichang Huang, Rui Yang, Lan Yao
Tuberculosis (TB) remains as a leading infectious disease worldwide. Our previous study showed interferon (IFN)-γ and CD3 T cell impairment in patients with severe cavitary pulmonary TB (PTB). However, the cause of the change in immune responses during the progression of TB is still poorly understood. In this study, eight newly diagnosed patients with severe cavitary and mild lesion non-cavity PTB were recruited, and three healthy volunteers were recruited as the control. RNA extracted from blood was tested by whole genome oligo microarrays...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331616/ex-vivo-akt-inhibition-promotes-the-generation-of-potent-cd19car-t-cells-for-adoptive-immunotherapy
#18
Ryan Urak, Miriam Walter, Laura Lim, ChingLam W Wong, Lihua E Budde, Sandra Thomas, Stephen J Forman, Xiuli Wang
BACKGROUND: Insufficient persistence and effector function of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-redirected T cells have been challenging issues for adoptive T cell therapy. Generating potent CAR T cells is of increasing importance in the field. Studies have demonstrated the importance of the Akt pathway in the regulation of T cell differentiation and memory formation. We now investigate whether inhibition of Akt signaling during ex vivo expansion of CAR T cells can promote the generation of CAR T cells with enhanced antitumor activity following adoptive therapy in a murine leukemia xenograft model...
2017: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327177/intestinal-t-lymphocyte-homing-is-associated-with-gastric-emptying-and-epithelial-barrier-function-in-critically-ill-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Christian Greis, Zohal Rasuly, Rolf A Janosi, Lambros Kordelas, Dietrich W Beelen, Tobias Liebregts
BACKGROUND: Impaired gastric emptying is common in critically ill patients. Intestinal dysmotility, a major cause of feed intolerance, may foster infectious complications due to mucosal barrier disruption. However, little is known about gut-directed immune activation, intestinal barrier function and its association with impaired gastric emptying in critically ill patients at ICU admission. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study at two tertiary care medical ICUs...
March 22, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326171/large-scale-isolation-and-cytotoxicity-of-extracellular-vesicles-derived-from-activated-human-natural-killer-cells
#20
Ambrose Y Jong, Chun-Hua Wu, Jingbo Li, Jianping Sun, Muller Fabbri, Alan S Wayne, Robert C Seeger
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been the focus of great interest, as they appear to be involved in numerous important cellular processes. They deliver bioactive macromolecules such as proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, allowing intercellular communication in multicellular organisms. EVs are secreted by all cell types, including immune cells such as natural killer cells (NK), and they may play important roles in the immune system. Currently, a large-scale procedure to obtain functional NK EVs is lacking, limiting their use clinically...
2017: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
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