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soil remediation

Yumei Hua, Kate V Heal, Wolfgang Friesl-Hanl
This review focuses on the applicability of red mud as an amendment for metal/metalloid-contaminated soil. The varying properties of red muds from different sources are presented as they influence the potentially toxic element (PTE) concentration in amended soil. Experiments conducted worldwide from the laboratory to the field scale are screened and the influencing parameters and processes in soils are highlighted. Overall red mud amendment is likely to contribute to lowering the PTE availability in contaminated soil...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
M Rumayor, J R Gallego, E Rodríguez-Valdés, M Díaz-Somoano
High contents of mercury (Hg) have been found in old mining-metallurgy sites occurring a widespread contamination and degradation of the land. The ability to identify the Hg species present in these areas is essential to clarify fate of Hg and its bioavailability and additionally, to be able to parameterize remediation techniques based on thermal desorption in order to carry out a full-scale decontamination of the land. This study has proven the usefulness of a thermal programmed desorption procedure (Hg-TPD) for identifying Hg species in contaminated samples related to mining-metallurgy activities...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Xiuhua Luo, Lin Yu, Changzhao Wang, Xianqiang Yin, Ahmed Mosa, Jialong Lv, Huimin Sun
Batch sorption kinetics and isothermal characteristics of V(V) were investigated on three natural soil colloids (manual loessial soil colloid (MSC), aeolian sandy soil colloid (ASC), and cultivated loessial soil colloid (CSC)) under various solution pH and ionic strength (IS) conditions. Colloids were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). AFM micrographs showed CSC with an aggregated shape with larger particle diameter as compared with ASC and MSC...
November 29, 2016: Chemosphere
JianJun Kang, WenZhi Zhao, Ming Zhao
The sand-fixation of plants is considered to be the most effective and fundamental measure in desertification control in many arid and semi-arid regions. Carex brunnescens (Carex spp) and Leymus secalinus (Leymus), two perennial clonal herbs native to the Maqu degraded alpine areas of northwest China, are dominant and constructive species in active sand dunes that have excellent adaptability to fix sand dunes found to date. In order to study the ability and mechanism of sandland blowout remediation by two clone plants C...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Plant Research
Ranju R Karna, Ganga M Hettiarachchi, Matthew Newville, ChengJun Sun, Qing Ma
Several studies have examined the effect of submergence on the mobility of metals present in mine waste materials. This study examines the effect of organic carbon (OC) and sulfur (S) additions and submergence time on redox-induced biogeochemical transformations of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and cadmium (Cd) present in mine waste materials collected from the Tri-State mining district located in southeastern Kansas, southwestern Missouri, and northeastern Oklahoma. A completely randomized design, with a two-way treatment structure, was used for conducting a series of column experiments...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
Jian Zhang, Ji-Lai Gong, Guang-Ming Zeng, Hu-Cheng Yang, Peng Zhang
Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were largely sprayed on the floodplain soils before the project of Returning Farmland to Lake in China, which caused contamination of sediment in Dong-ting Lake with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and posed threats to human health and other organisms. In this study, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) at different concentrations of 0.058, 0.145 and 0.29wt% were used to manage residual DDTs and HCHs in Dong-ting Lake sediment...
November 24, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Damien Tedoldi, Ghassan Chebbo, Daniel Pierlot, Philippe Branchu, Yves Kovacs, Marie-Christine Gromaire
Stormwater runoff infiltration brings about some concerns regarding its potential impact on both soil and groundwater quality; besides, the fate of contaminants in source-control devices somewhat suffers from a lack of documentation. The present study was dedicated to assessing the spatial distribution of three heavy metals (copper, lead, zinc) in the surface soil of ten small-scale infiltration facilities, along with several physical parameters (soil moisture, volatile matter, variable thickness of the upper horizon)...
November 21, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Waqas Zulfiqar, Muhammad Asad Iqbal, Mehwish Khalid Butt
Electrokinetic (EK) remediation is one of the most useful approaches for de-contamination of soils. However, it is unclear that how and when the electrokinetic remediation gives advantages over other remediation techniques in soil. This study was designed to find the influence of Fe(2+) particles on the mobility of Pb(2+) ions, during electrokinetic remediation, in soil contaminated purposely by lead nitrate Pb(NO3)2. Two types of electrokinetic experiments were performed, by using iron and graphite electrodes...
November 20, 2016: Chemosphere
K Chidambarampadmavathy, O P Karthikeyan, R Huerlimann, G E Maes, K Heimann
Methane (CH4) and oxygen (air) concentrations affect the CH4 oxidation capacity (MOC) and mixed methanotrophic community structures in compost (fresh) and landfill (age old) top cover soils. A change in the mixed methanotrophic community structure in response has implications for landfill CH4 bio-filter remediation and possible bio-product outcomes (i.e., fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) content and profiles and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) contents). Therefore the study aimed to evaluate the effect of variable CH4 to oxygen ratios (10-50% CH4 in air) on mixed methanotrophic community structures enriched from landfill top cover (LB) and compost soils (CB) and to quantify flow on impacts on MOC, total FAME contents and profiles, and PHB accumulation...
November 18, 2016: Waste Management
Ling Ding, Wenying Lv, Kun Yao, Liming Li, Mengmeng Wang, Guoguang Liu
Humin is the component of humic substances that is recalcitrant to extraction by either strong bases or strong acids, which contains a variety of functional groups that may combine with heavy metal ions. The present study employed humin as an adsorbent to investigate the efficacy of a remediation strategy under the effects of humin-enhanced electrokinetics. Because the cations gravitate toward cathode and anions are transferred to anode, humin was placed in close proximity to the cathode in the form of a package...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yujie Li, Wanyu Wang, Liqiang Zhou, Yuanyuan Liu, Zakaria A Mirza, Xiang Lin
Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) stabilized microscale iron sulfide (FeS) particles were synthesized and applied to remediate hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) spiked soil. The effects of parameters including dosage of FeS particles, soil moisture, and natural organic matter (NOM) in soil were investigated with comparison to iron sulfate (FeSO4). The results show that the stabilized FeS particles can reduce Cr(VI) and immobilize Cr in soil quickly and efficiently. The soil moisture ranging from 40% to 70% and NOM in soil had no significant effects on Cr(VI) remediation by FeS particles...
November 18, 2016: Chemosphere
Gordana Racić, Péter Körmöczi, László Kredics, Vera Raičević, Beba Mutavdžić, Miroslav M Vrvić, Dejana Panković
Influence of edaphic factors and metal content on diversity of Trichoderma species at 14 different soil sampling locations, on two depths, was examined. Forty-one Trichoderma isolates from 14 sampling sites were determined as nine species based on their internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. Our results indicate that weakly alkaline soils are rich sources of Trichoderma strains. Also, higher contents of available K and P are connected with higher Trichoderma diversity. Increased metal content in soil was not inhibiting factor for Trichoderma species occurrence...
November 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Can Wang, Zhiren Zhou, Hongdan Liu, Junjie Li, Ying Wang, Heng Xu
This experiment was performed to investigate the effects of acclimated sewage sludge (ASS) and sterilized ASS on the fates of chlorpyrifos (CP) in soil with or without cadmium (Cd), as well as the improvement of soil biochemical properties. Results showed that both ASS and sterilized ASS could significantly promote CP dissipation, and the groups with ASS had the highest efficiency on CP removal, whose degradation rates reached 71.3%-85.9% at the 30th day (40.4%-50.2% higher than non-sludge groups). Besides, the degradation rate of CP was not severely influenced by the existence of Cd, and the population of soil microorganism dramatically increased after adding sludge...
November 16, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Loganathan Praburaman, Sung-Hee Park, Min Cho, Kui-Jae Lee, Jeong-Ae Ko, Sang-Sub Han, Sang-Hyun Lee, Seralathan Kamala-Kannan, Byung-Taek Oh
Microbe-assisted phytoremediation has been considered a promising measure for the remediation of heavy metal-polluted soil. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of diazotrophic plant growth-promoting Herbaspirillum sp. GW103 on growth and lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) accumulation in Zea mays L. The strain GW103 exhibited plant growth-promoting traits such as indole-3-acetic acid, siderophores, and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic deaminase. Treatment of Z. mays L. plants with GW103 significantly increased 19, 31, and 52% of plant biomass and 10, 50, and 126% of chlorophyll a contents in Pb, Zn, and Pb + Zn-amended soils, respectively...
November 18, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Saijun Li, Tao Zhang, Jianfa Li, Lingna Shi, Xiaoxiao Zhu, Jinhong Lü, Yimin Li
The remediation of heavy metal-contaminated soil and water using plant biomass is considered to be a green technological approach, although the harmless disposal of biomass accumulated with heavy metals remains a challenge. A potential solution to this problem explored in this work involves combining phosphate pretreatment with pyrolysis. Pb(II) was accumulated in celery biomass with superior sorption capacity and also in ordinary wood biomass through biosorption. The Pb(II)-impregnated biomass was then pretreated with phosphoric acid or calcium dihydrogen phosphate (CaP) and pyrolyzed at 350 or 450°C...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
He Yan-Bing, Huang Dao-You, Zhu Qi-Hong, Wang Shuai, Liu Shou-Long, He Hai-Bo, Zhu Han-Hua, Xu Chao
To mitigate the serious problem of Cd-contaminated paddy soil, we investigated the remediation potential of combining in-situ immobilization with a low-Cd-accumulation rice cultivar. A three-season field experiment compared the soil pH, available Cd and absorption of Cd by three rice cultivars with different Cd accumulation abilities grown in Cd-contaminated paddy soil amended with lime (L), slag (S), and bagasse (B) alone or in combination. The three amendments applied alone and in combination significantly increased soil pH, reduced available Cd and absorption of Cd by rice with no effect on grain yield...
November 15, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Graeme Lockaby, Navideh Noori, Wayde Morse, Wayne Zipperer, Latif Kalin, Robin Governo, Rajesh Sawant, Matthew Ricker
The integrated effects of the many risk factors associated with West Nile virus (WNV) incidence are complex and not well understood. We studied an array of risk factors in and around Atlanta, GA, that have been shown to be linked with WNV in other locations. This array was comprehensive and included climate and meteorological metrics, vegetation characteristics, land use / land cover analyses, and socioeconomic factors. Data on mosquito abundance and WNV mosquito infection rates were obtained for 58 sites and covered 2009-2011, a period following the combined storm water - sewer overflow remediation in that city...
December 2016: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
Pratishtha Gupta, Vipin Kumar
The presence of heavy metals in the soil is a matter of growing concern due to their toxic and non-biodegradable nature. Lack of effectiveness of various conventional methods due to economic and technical constraints resulted in the search for an eco-friendly and cost-effective biological techniques for heavy metal removal from the environment. Until now, phytoremediation has emerged as an innovative technique to address the problem. However, the efficiency of phytoremediation process is hindered under the high metal concentration conditions...
January 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Xiumei Yu, Yangxin Li, Yanmei Li, Chaohua Xu, Yongliang Cui, Quanju Xiang, Yunfu Gu, Ke Zhao, Xiaoping Zhang, Petri Penttinen, Qiang Chen
Mine tailings contain high concentrations of metal contaminants and only little nutrients, making the tailings barren for decades after the mining has been terminated. Effective phytoremediation of mine tailings calls for deep-rooted, metal accumulating, and soil fertility increasing plants with tolerance against harsh environmental conditions. We assessed the potential of the biofuel leguminous tree Pongamia pinnata inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobia to remediate iron-vanadium-titanium oxide (V-Ti magnetite) mine tailing soil by pot experiment and in situ remediation test...
November 17, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Raimon Parés Viader, Pernille Erland Jensen, Lisbeth M Ottosen
In the present work, three different commercial membrane brands were used in an identical electrodialytic cell setup and operating conditions, in order to reduce the leaching of metals and salt anions of two types of municipal solid waste incineration residues: air pollution control residues of a semi-dry flue-gas cleaning system and fly ashes from a plant with wet flue-gas cleaning system. The results showed a general reduction of the leaching in both residues after ED remediation. For the following elements, the leaching was found to be different after ED treatment depending on the membrane used, with statistical significance: • Air pollution control residues of the semi-dry flue-gas cleaning system: Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn; • Fly ashes from a plant with wet flue-gas cleaning system: Al, Ba, Cu, Ni, Zn, Cl, SO4...
November 14, 2016: Chemosphere
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