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soil remediation

Yinan Song, Deyi Hou, Junli Zhang, David O'Connor, Guanghe Li, Qingbao Gu, Shupeng Li, Peng Liu
Green and sustainable remediation (GSR) has become a global trend in the contaminated land remediation field. Growing numbers of countries have adopted GSR procedures published in regulatory and/or technical guidance. China is fast becoming one of the largest remediation markets in the world, and is beginning to engage with GSR. Among other efforts, a taskforce is currently developing the first Chinese technical standard on GSR. This paper presents the context positioning and development of a sustainable remediation assessment indicator set for China...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
José Antonio Rodríguez-Liébana, M Dolores Mingorance, Aránzazu Peña
Pressure on groundwater resources has increased during the last decades due to the growing demand, especially in arid and semiarid regions, such as the Mediterranean basin, with frequent drought periods. In order to partially remediate this environmental problem of world concern, irrigation of agricultural lands with adequately treated wastewaters (TWW) is becoming a common management practice. The complex composition of these low-quality waters may influence the behavior of organic contaminants in soils. A calcareous soil with low organic carbon content was selected for the assessment of the adsorption and leaching of the neonicotinoid insecticide thiacloprid (THC)...
August 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Shui-Wen Chang Chien, Shou-Hung Chen, Chi-Jui Li
Various properties of soil affect the partition of organic contaminants within, and conversely, the properties of the organic contaminants also directly affect their partition behavior in soil. Therefore, understanding the effects of various properties of soil on the partition of organic contaminants favors subsequent assessment and provides soil remediation methods for policymakers. This study selected pentachlorophenol (PCP), a common hydrophobic ionizable organic compound in contaminated sites worldwide, as the target contaminant...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
M Touceda-González, Á Prieto-Fernández, G Renella, L Giagnoni, A Sessitsch, G Brader, J Kumpiene, I Dimitriou, J Eriksson, W Friesl-Hanl, R Galazka, J Janssen, M Mench, I Müller, S Neu, M Puschenreiter, G Siebielec, J Vangronsveld, P S Kidd
Gentle remediation options (GRO) are based on the combined use of plants, associated microorganisms and soil amendments, which can potentially restore soil functions and quality. We studied the effects of three GRO (aided-phytostabilisation, in situ stabilisation and phytoexclusion, and aided-phytoextraction) on the soil microbial biomass and respiration, the activities of hydrolase enzymes involved in the biogeochemical cycles of C, N, P, and S, and bacterial community structure of trace element contaminated soils (TECS) from six field trials across Europe...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Zuzana Michálková, Domingo Martínez-Fernández, Michael Komárek
Several efficient stabilizing amendments have been recently proposed for the remediation of metal(loid)-contaminated soils. However, information on their interactions with plants, which is a crucial factor in soil environments, are still scarce. An amorphous manganese oxide (AMO) synthesized from organic compounds and nano zerovalent iron (nZVI) have been previously tested as promising stabilizing agents usable both for the stabilization of metals and As. Experiments with rhizoboxes were performed in order to evaluate their influence on the mobility of metal(loid)s in the bulk soil and rhizosphere of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L...
August 4, 2017: Chemosphere
Longfei Jiang, Zhineng Cheng, Dayi Zhang, Mengke Song, Yujie Wang, Chunling Luo, Hua Yin, Jun Li, Gan Zhang
Primitive electronic waste (e-waste) recycling releases large amounts of organic pollutants and heavy metals into the environment. As crucial moderators of geochemical cycling processes and pollutant remediation, soil microbes may be affected by these contaminants. We collected soil samples heavily contaminated by e-waste recycling in China and Pakistan, and analyzed the indigenous microbial communities. The results of this work revealed that the microbial community composition and diversity, at both whole and core community levels, were affected significantly by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and heavy metals (e...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
S Mobbs, P Orr, I Weber
Nuclear sites around the world are being decommissioned and remedial actions are being undertaken to enable the sites or parts of the sites to be reused. Although this is relatively straightforward for most sites, experience has suggested that preventative action is needed to minimise the impact of remediation activities on the environment and the potential burden to future generations. Removing all contamination in order to make a site suitable for any use generates waste and has associated environmental, social and economic detriments and benefits that should be taken into account...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Erin M Karppinen, Steven D Siciliano, Katherine J Stewart
To integrate biochar as a practical and successful remedial amendment at northern landfarms, components of its formulation and application must be optimized for site-specific environmental conditions. Different biochar amendments were applied to petroleum hydrocarbon (PHC)-contaminated soil at two northern field sites (Iqaluit and Whitehorse) and in a laboratory study at -5°C to determine the effects of application method (injection or incorporation) and biochar type (wood, fishmeal, bonemeal, and/or compost) on PHC degradation and associated soil properties...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
Peter L O'Brien, Thomas M DeSutter, Francis X M Casey, Abbey F Wick, E Khan
Successful remediation of oil-contaminated agricultural land may include the goal of returning the land to prespill levels of agricultural productivity. This productivity may be measured by crop yield, quality, and safety, all of which are influenced by soil characteristics. This research was conducted to determine if these metrics are affected in hard red spring wheat ( L. cultivar Barlow) when grown in soils treated by ex situ thermal desorption (TD) compared with wheat grown in native topsoil (TS). Additionally, TD soils were mixed with TS at various ratios to assess the effectiveness of soil mixing as a procedure for enhancing productivity...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
Keith E Schilling, Sea-Won Kim, Christopher S Jones, Calvin F Wolter
Phosphorus (P) is delivered to streams as episodic particulate P and more continuous soluble P (orthophosphorus [OP]), and it is important to determine the proportion of each P form in river water to more effectively design remedial measures. In this study, we evaluated the annual mean ratios of OP to total P (TP) concentrations and loads in 12 Iowa rivers and found systematic variation in the ratios. The OP/TP ratios were >60% in two tile-drained watersheds of the Des Moines Lobe and in a shallow fractured bedrock watershed in northeast Iowa, whereas in southern and western Iowa, OP contributions to TP were <30%...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
Saleh Shahabivand, Azar Parvaneh, Ali Asghar Aliloo
Cadmium (Cd) pollution in the soil threatens the quality of environmental health, and deleteriously affects physiological activities of crops. Symbiosis of endophytic fungi with various plants is a promising manner to improving numerous plant characteristics and remediating heavy metal-polluted soils. In this pot experiment, the influence of root endophyte fungus Piriformospora indica on growth, physiological parameters and organs Cd accumulation in sunflower cv. Zaria plants under the toxic levels of Cd (0, 40, 80 and 120mg/kg soil) were studied...
August 4, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Pia Muhammad Adnan Ramzani, Mark S Coyne, Shazia Anjum, Waqas-Ud-Din Khan, Muhammad Iqbal
In situ immobilization of Cd is desirable due to the damaging effects of ex situ remediation techniques on soil. In this greenhouse study, the role of biochar (BC), chitosan (CH), and green waste (GW) was studied for in-situ Cd immobilization and alleviating Cd toxicity in mung bean seedlings. Amendments were applied at rates of 0.5% and 1% (w/w). The minimum mean value of Cd, in root, shoot, and soil (DTPA-Cd) (12.2, 4.7, and 0.7 mg kg(-1), respectively), occurred in the Cd + 1% CH treatment compared to all Cd amended treatments...
July 27, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Alberto Ferraro, Massimiliano Fabbricino, Eric D van Hullebusch, Giovanni Esposito
A comparison of Cu extraction yields for three different ethylenediamine-N,N'-disuccinic acid (EDDS)-enhanced washing configurations was performed on a Cu-contaminated soil. Batch experiments were used to simulate a single-stage continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and a multi-stage (side feeding and counter-current) reactor. Single-stage CSTR conditions were simulated for various EDDS:(Cu + Cd + Pb + Co + Ni + Zn) molar ratio (EDDS:M ratio) (from 1 to 30) and liquid to soil (L/S) ratio (from 15 to 45). The highest Cu extraction yield (≃56%) was achieved with EDDS:M = 30...
August 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Maria A Rao, Giuseppe Di Rauso Simeone, Rosalia Scelza, Pellegrino Conte
Phenanthrene (Phe) and pentachlorophenol (PCP) are classified as persistent organic pollutants and represent serious concern for the environment as they are toxic and ubiquitous. Biochar based remediation is an emerging technology used in water and soil contamination. In this study we used poplar (BP) and conifer (BC) biochars to remediate water and soil contaminated by Phe and PCP. BP and BC were able to remove completely either Phe or PCP from contaminated water within one to three days. When biochar was confined in a porous membrane, BC and BP maintained their sorption efficiency for several remediation cycles...
July 26, 2017: Chemosphere
Jongwon Jung, Taeseo Ku, Jaehun Ahn
Sand improvements using organic agents have shown promising results. Polyacrylamide is one possible organic agent, which has been shown to influence the shear strength, stiffness, soil remediation, and erosion resistance of geomaterials. In this study, we explored the shear wave velocity (S-wave) and water retention curves of unsaturated sands containing polyacrylamide solutions. The shear wave velocity was measured during the water retention curve measurement tests according to the variation of the degree of saturation...
April 11, 2017: Materials
Guangpeng Pei, Yuen Zhu, Xiatong Cai, Weiyu Shi, Hua Li
Surfactant-enhanced remediation is used to treat dichlorobenzene (DCB) contaminated soil. In this study, soil column experiments were conducted to investigate the removal efficiencies of o-dichlorobenzene (o-DCB) and p-dichlorobenzene (p-DCB) from contaminated soil using micellar solutions of biosurfactants (saponin, alkyl polyglycoside) compare to a chemically synthetic surfactant (Tween 80). Leachate was collected and analyzed for o-DCB and p-DCB content. In addition, soil was analyzed to explore the effect of surfactants on soil enzyme activities...
July 24, 2017: Chemosphere
Hainan Lu, Jianteng Sun, Lizhong Zhu
Root exudates play an important role in the phytoremediation of soils contaminated by organic pollutants, but how root exudate components affect the remediation process is not well understood. In this study, we explored the effects and mechanisms of the major root exudates, including glucose, organic acids, and serine, in the rhizoremediation of pyrene-contaminated soil. The results showed that glucose increased the degradation of pyrene (54.3 ± 1.7%) most significantly compared to the organic acids (45...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
Sihai Hu, Yaoguo Wu, Na Yi, Shuai Zhang, Yuanjing Zhang, Xu Xin
Dissolved organic matter (DOM), as the most active organic carbon in the soil, has a coherent affinity with heavy metals from inherent and exogenous sources. Although the important roles of DOM in the adsorption of heavy metals in soil have previously been demonstrated, the heterogeneity and variability of the chemical constitution of DOM impede the investigation of its effects on heavy metal adsorption onto soil under natural conditions. Fresh DOM (FDOM) and degraded DOM (DDOM) from sugarcane rind were prepared, and their chemical properties were measured by Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopes, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and molecular weight distribution (MWD)...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Peng Chen, Jin Li, Hong-Yan Wang, Rui-Lun Zheng, Guo-Xin Sun
Arsenic (As) removal through microbially driven biovolatilization can be explored as a potential method for As bioremediation. However, its effectiveness needs to be improved. Biostimulation with organic matter amendment and bioaugmentation with the inoculation of genetic engineered bacteria could be potential strategies for As removal and site remediation. Here, the experiments were conducted to evaluate the impacts of rice straw and biochar amendment, inoculation of genetic engineered Pseudomonas putida KT2440 (GE P...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Małgorzata Drewnowska, Anetta Hanć, Danuta Barałkiewicz, Jerzy Falandysz
Mushrooms are considered as potential bio-remediation agents in soil polluted with heavy metals, while many species which efficiently accumulate them in flesh are edible. Question is if there is any possible culinary use of edible mushrooms with high heavy metal contents? This study aimed to investigate and discuss a fate of cadmium (Cd) in common household-treated fruitbodies of common chanterelle Cantharellus cibarius. The samples of Cantharellus cibarius Fr. were collected from five spatially distanced sites in Poland in 2011-2012...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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