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Gynecologic sepsis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260455/triplet-pregnancy-in-a-diabetic-mother-with-kidney-transplant-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Tarek Mahmoud, Khalida Mujaibel, Hosam Attia, Zakaria Zakaria, Jude Yagan, Osama Gheith, Medhat Abdel Halim, Prasad Nair, Torki Al-Otaibi
Triplet and higher-order multiple pregnancies can carry increased fetal and maternal complications. Reports of triplet pregnancies after kidney transplant are scarce and have been associated with perinatal complications. Presence of diabetes in such cases worsens both fetal and maternal outcomes. Here, we present a triplet pregnancy in a kidney transplant recipient with diabetes. We also reviewed the literature for causes, prevalence, and outcomes in association with chronic kidney disease, kidney transplant, and diabetes mellitus...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231684/emergency-peripartum-hysterectomy-a-challenge-or-an-obstetrical-defeat
#2
Aneta Malinowska-Polubiec, Ewa Romejko-Wolniewicz, Julia Zareba-Szczudlik, Agnieszka Dobrowolska-Redo, Agnieszka Sotowska, Roman Smolarczyk, Jan Wilczynski, Krzysztof Czajkowski
OBJECTIVES: Peripartum hysterectomy remains an obstetric nightmare. Most obstetricians consider it a defeat. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence, indications, procedures and complications of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in the 2nd Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw during a 7 year period (2007-2013). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 21,144 deliveries was performed. We analyzed all cases of EPH, including the maternal characteristics, obstetrical history, course of pregnancy and delivery, type of surgery and complications...
October 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179200/laparoscopic-management-of-abdomininal-pregnancy
#3
Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
CASE REPORT OBJECTIVE: To show the surgical management in laparoscopy of a particular localization of an extra-uterine pregnancy misunderstood until 12 week of EG complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women who go to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1 to 16 percent [1]. The most common localization of ectopic pregnancy are the Fallopian tubes while abdominal pregnancy represent at least 1 percent of extra-uterine pregnancies...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100944/ostomy-in-nontraumatic-conditions-our-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Kenan Büyükaşık, Bünyamin Gürbulak, Emre Özoran, Yiğit Düzköylü, Esin Kabul Gürbulak, Aziz Arı, Hasan Bektaş
A number of nontraumatic acute abdomen can result in peritonitis leading to sepsis. In emergent conditions, various procedures like segmentary colectomy and/or subtotal colectomy with anastomosis, Hartmann's procedure, transverse colectomy, and/or expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement can be performed, considering the status of the patient and the facilitaties of the institution. In our study, we examined the cases diagnosed as acute abdomen without the history of trauma, which had lead to a procedure requiring colostomy...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042408/an-unusual-cause-of-postabortal-fever-requiring-prompt-surgical-intervention-a-pyomyoma-and-its-imaging-features
#5
Rashmi Bagga, Rakhi Rai, Jasvinder Kalra, Pradip K Saha, Tulika Singh
Pyomyoma is an unusual complication of leiomyoma, occurring most commonly in the postpartum, postabortal, and post-menopausal periods. It develops due to infection in necrotic foci within leiomyoma, which is more common during pregnancy due to rapid growth, and in postmenopausal women due to vascular insufficiency. Other contributing factors are curettage, gynecological surgery, cervical stenosis, immunodeficiency, and recently, uterine artery embolization. It presents with a typical triad of sepsis, leiomyoma, and absence of any apparent source of infection...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032572/postoperative-sepsis-prediction-in-patients-undergoing-major-cancer-surgery
#6
Akshay Sood, Firas Abdollah, Jesse D Sammon, Nivedita Arora, Matthew Weeks, James O Peabody, Mani Menon, Quoc-Dien Trinh
BACKGROUND: Cancer patients are at increased risk for postoperative sepsis. However, studies addressing the issue are lacking. We sought to identify preoperative and intraoperative predictors of 30-d sepsis after major cancer surgery (MCS) and derive a postoperative sepsis risk stratification tool. METHODS: Patients undergoing one of nine MCSs (gastrointestinal, urological, gynecologic, or pulmonary) were identified within the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005-2011, n = 69,169)...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882755/prague-1337-the-first-successful-caesarean-section-in-which-both-mother-and-child-survived-may-have-occurred-in-the-court-of-john-of-luxembourg-king-of-bohemia
#7
A Pařízek, V Drška, M Říhová
OBJECTIVE: An interdisciplinary historical-medical study, analysis of historical sources, and critical interpretation of the indirect evidence surrounding the childbirth of Beatrice of Bourbon, the second wife of the Bohemian King John of Luxembourg. STUDY TYPE: A material-based study founded on a comparative analysis of available private and public sources, particularly surviving letters, and narrative sources. The conclusions are reached based on a textual interpretation according to historical methods...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882238/large-uterine-pyomyoma-in-a-perimenopausal-female-a-case-report-and-review-of-50-reported-cases-in-the-literature
#8
Naoyuki Iwahashi, Yasushi Mabuchi, Michihisa Shiro, Shigetaka Yagi, Sawako Minami, Kazuhiko Ino
Pyomyoma is a rare complication, which withoug antibiotics or surgical intervention, may cause sepsis and mortality. The present study reported a case of large uterine pyomyoma in a perimenopausal female. A 53-year-old multigravida woman was referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, Japan) due to progressive abdominal distension. The patient presented with anemia gravis, severe inflammatory reaction and cachexia. Computed tomography revealed a large unilocular mass, 50 cm in size, with an irregular surface and thickened wall, occupying the entire abdomen...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824755/risk-factors-and-outcomes-for-conversion-to-laparotomy-of-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-in-benign-gynecology
#9
Courtney S Lim, Erika L Mowers, Nichole Mahnert, Bethany D Skinner, Neil Kamdar, Daniel M Morgan, Sawsan As-Sanie
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and factors for conversion to laparotomy in women scheduled for laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign gynecologic indications and to examine the effect of conversion on patient outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of a Michigan multicenter prospective database was abstracted from January 1, 2013, through July 2, 2014. Participants were collected from an all-payer quality and safety database maintained by the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682744/insurance-type-and-major-complications-after-hysterectomy
#10
Carolyn Weaver Swenson, Neil S Kamdar, Helen Levy, Darrell A Campbell, Daniel M Morgan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between primary insurance type and major complications after hysterectomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on women with Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance who underwent hysterectomy from January 1, 2012, to July 1, 2014, and were included in the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative. Major complications within 30 days of surgery included the following: deep/organ space surgical site infection, deep venous and pulmonary thromboembolism, myocardial infarction or stroke, pneumonia or sepsis, blood transfusion, readmission, and death...
January 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507186/early-warning-score-an-indicator-of-adverse-outcomes-in-postoperative-patients-on-a-gynecologic-oncology-service
#11
Haller J Smith, Daniel N Pasko, Christen L Walters Haygood, Jonathan D Boone, Lorie M Harper, J Michael Straughn
OBJECTIVE: In 2014, our hospital implemented an early warning score (EWS) to identify inpatients at risk for clinical deterioration. EWS≥8 is associated with ≥10% mortality in medical admissions. Since postoperative hemodynamic changes may alter EWS, we evaluated EWS in post-laparotomy patients. METHODS: Gynecologic oncology patients admitted for laparotomy from 9/1/2014 to 7/31/2015 were categorized by highest EWS during admission: <5, 5-7, and ≥8. The primary outcome was a composite including death, ICU transfer, rapid response team activation, pulmonary embolus, sepsis, and reoperation...
October 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500339/outcomes-and-postoperative-complications-after-hysterectomies-performed-for-benign-compared-with-malignant-indications
#12
Sumer K Wallace, Melissa J Fazzari, Hui Chen, William A Cliby, Eva Chalas
OBJECTIVE: To compare complications and outcomes after hysterectomy for benign compared with malignant indications in the United States. METHODS: Women who underwent hysterectomy in the United States for either benign or malignant indications from January 2008 to December 2012 were retrospectively identified using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Patients were excluded if the procedure was not performed for primary gynecologic indications...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499647/combined-uterine-and-urinary-bladder-rupture-an-unusual-complication-of-obstructed-labor-in-a-primigravida
#13
Idris Usman Takai, Abdulkadir Abubakar
BACKGROUND: Combined uterine and urinary bladder rupture following prolonged obstructed labor is indeed a momentous uro-obstetric emergency. The urinary bladder involvement is distinctly rare in the absence of factors that predispose the bladder to be adherent to the lower uterine segment and is quite unusual in a primigravida. OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of uterine rupture involving urinary bladder secondary to a prolonged obstructed labor in a primigravida from a low resource setting...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27309480/incidence-of-post-operative-sepsis-and-role-of-charlson-co-morbidity-score-for-predicting-postoperative-sepsis
#14
Seyed Hassan Emami-Razavi, Atefeh Mohammadi, Abbas Alibakhshi, Mehdi Jalali, Mahsa Ghajarzadeh
Sepsis and septic shock are among mortality causes following major surgeries. The Charlson co-morbidity index consists of 19 weighted categories related to chronic health which measures the burden of co-morbidity. The goal of this study was to determine the incidence of postoperative sepsis in patients underwent gynecological and gastrointestinal cancer surgeries and predictive role of Charlson index for this situation. Two hundred and twenty-two patients who underwent gynecological and gastrointestinal cancer surgeries were evaluated...
May 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097362/neonatal-sepsis-and-neurodevelopment-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-in-matanzas-cuba-2006-2010-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Gerardo Rogelio Robaina Castellanos, Solangel de la Caridad Riesgo Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal sepsis has been associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight infants (VLBW infants). The impact of neonatal sepsis on neurodevelopment in very low birth weight infants discharged from Cuban neonatal intensive care units is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of neonatal sepsis as a risk factor of neurodevelopmental disorders in a Cuban very low birth weight infants’ population. METHODS: A cohort study was carried out that enrolled 89 infants with birth weight less than 1500 g who were admitted during the period 2006-2010 to the Teaching Provincial Gynecological and Obstetrical Hospital of Matanzas...
April 7, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013277/adjuvant-chemotherapy-followed-by-interval-debulking-surgery-versus-upfront-surgery-followed-by-chemotherapy-in-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma
#16
Mahmoud Hanafy Melis, Ahmed Mohammed Samy Elagwany
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Patients with advanced ovarian cancer should be treated by radical debulking surgery aiming at complete tumor resection. Unfortunately, approximately 70% of patients present with advanced disease, when optimal debulking cannot be obtained, and, therefore, these patients gain little benefit from surgery. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by interval debulking surgery has been proposed as a novel therapeutic approach in such cases. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted on 30 women selected from patients attending the gynecologic clinic of El-Shatby Maternity University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt...
March 17, 2016: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26730033/the-effects-of-hydrophilic-polyethylene-glycol-based-adhesion-barrier-use-to-prevent-intra-abdominal-adhesions-in-intra-abdominal-sepsis-model
#17
Gökhan Selçuk Ozbalci, Marlen Sulaimanov, Selçuk M Hazinedaroğlu, Attila Törüner
Postoperative adhesion formation is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Hydrophilic polyethylene glycol-based adhesion barrier (SprayGel™, Confluent Surgical, Inc., Waltham, MA) is reported to prevent adhesion formation after gynecologic surgery. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of SprayGel™ on adhesion formation after laparotomy in an experimental septic peritonitis model. Wistar albino male rats with weights of 250-350 g were used in this study. Forty rats were grouped into four groups: group I (control), laparotomy and sham operation; group II, laparotomy and cecal ligation puncture (CLP); group III (SprayGel™), laparotomy, sham operation, and SprayGel™; group IV (CLP + SprayGel™), laparotomy, CLP, and SprayGel™...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26616225/a-phase-i-trial-of-pegylated-liposomal-doxorubicin-pld-carboplatin-bevacizumab-and-veliparib-in-recurrent-platinum-sensitive-ovarian-primary-peritoneal-and-fallopian-tube-cancer-an-nrg-oncology-gynecologic-oncology-group-study
#18
Lisa M Landrum, William E Brady, Deborah K Armstrong, Kathleen N Moore, Paul A DiSilvestro, David M O'Malley, Meaghan E Tenney, Peter G Rose, Paula M Fracasso
OBJECTIVE: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of veliparib combined with PLD and carboplatin (CD) in patients with recurrent, platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian cancer. To determine the tolerability at the MTD combined with bevacizumab. METHODS: Patients received PLD (30mg/m(2), IV) and carboplatin (AUC 5, IV) on day 1 with veliparib on days 1-7 (intermittent) or days 1-28 (continuous). Standard 3+3 design was used in the dose escalation phase with DLTs based on the first cycle...
February 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26590673/standard-first-line-chemotherapy-with-or-without-nintedanib-for-advanced-ovarian-cancer-ago-ovar-12-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andreas du Bois, Gunnar Kristensen, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Alexander Reuss, Sandro Pignata, Nicoletta Colombo, Ursula Denison, Ignace Vergote, Jose M Del Campo, Petronella Ottevanger, Martin Heubner, Thomas Minarik, Emmanuel Sevin, Nikolaus de Gregorio, Mariusz Bidziński, Jacobus Pfisterer, Susanne Malander, Felix Hilpert, Mansoor R Mirza, Giovanni Scambia, Werner Meier, Maria O Nicoletto, Line Bjørge, Alain Lortholary, Martin Oliver Sailer, Michael Merger, Philipp Harter
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is a target in the treatment of ovarian cancer. Nintedanib, an oral triple angiokinase inhibitor of VEGF receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor receptor, has shown activity in phase 2 trials in this setting. We investigated the combination of nintedanib with standard carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer. METHODS: In this double-blind phase 3 trial, chemotherapy-naive patients (aged 18 years or older) with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) IIB-IV ovarian cancer and upfront debulking surgery were stratified by postoperative resection status, FIGO stage, and planned carboplatin dose...
January 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26411213/microwave-endometrial-ablation-after-endometrial-curettage-for-the-management-of-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#20
M Nikolaou, G Androutsopoulos, G Michail, V Papadopoulos, G Adonakis, G Decavalas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the eticacy of microwave endometrial ablation after endometrial curettage, in selected patients with heavy menstrual bleeding. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two premenopausal women with heavy menstrual bleeding underwent microwave endometrial ablation at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Patras Medical School. All patients did not respond to previous medical treatment, had completed their childbearing, and did not desire future fertility...
2015: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
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