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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935934/serum-uric-acid-to-creatinine-ratio-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-saudi-type-2-diabetic-patients
#1
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Omar S Al-Attas, Kaiser Wani, Shaun Sabico, Majed S Alokail
This study aimed to investigate whether uric acid to creatinine (UA/Cr) ratio is associated with higher risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. 332 adult Saudi type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients were divided into UA/Cr tertiles. Risk for full MetS was significantly highest in individuals that constitutes the uppermost serum UA/Cr tertile [Odds ratio (OR): 1.80, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.0-3.3; p < 0.001) after adjustment for age, gender and BMI. Similarly, risk for individual components of MetS like central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-cholesterol and hypertension was significantly highest in this tertile with OR's of 2...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930174/capsaicin-supplementation-improved-risk-factors-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-individuals-with-low-hdl-c-levels
#2
Yu Qin, Li Ran, Jing Wang, Li Yu, He-Dong Lang, Xiao-Lan Wang, Man-Tian Mi, Jun-Dong Zhu
Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of capsaicin intervention on the serum lipid profile in adults with low HDL-C. In a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial, 42 eligible subjects were randomly assigned to the capsaicin (n = 21, 4 mg of capsaicin daily) or to the control group (n = 21, 0.05 mg of capsaicin daily) and consumed two capsaicin or control capsules, which contained the powder of the skin of different peppers, twice daily for three months...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927896/niacin-and-heart-disease-prevention-engraving-its-tombstone-is-a-mistake
#3
REVIEW
Harold Robert Superko, Xue-Qiao Zhao, Howard N Hodis, John R Guyton
Niacin (nicotinic acid) has been used for primary and secondary coronary heart disease prevention for over 40 years. Until recently clinical trials incorporating niacin as part of an intervention strategy consistently demonstrated reduction in clinical events and lesion improvement, including ≥6% absolute mortality reduction. Two large clinical event trials in 2011 (Atherothrombosis Intervention in Metabolic Syndrome With Low HDL/High Triglycerides and Impact on Global Health Outcomes) and 2014 (Heart Protection Study 2-Treatment of HDL to Reduce the Incidence of Vascular Events) concluded that niacin added to statin therapy did not provide clinical event benefit over statin alone...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926407/dysfunctional-hdl-from-hiv-individuals-promotes-monocyte-derived-foam-cell-formation-in-vitro
#4
Thomas A Angelovich, Anna C Hearps, Michael N Oda, Mark S Borja, Diana Huynh, Stefanie Homann, Anthony Jaworowski, Theodoros Kelesidis
OBJECTIVE: The role of HDL function in HIV-related atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) is unclear. HDLs isolated from HIV+ [HIV(+)HDL] and HIV-uninfected individuals (HDL) were assessed for HDL function and ability to promote monocyte-derived foam cell formation (MDFCF) (a key event in HIV-related CVD) ex vivo. DESIGN/METHODS: Using an established in vitro model of atherogenesis and plasma samples from an established cross-sectional study of virologically-suppressed HIV+ males on stable effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) and with low CVD risk (median age: 42 years; n = 10), we explored the impact of native HDL [HIV(+)HDL] on MDFCF...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925411/birthweight-and-cardiometabolic-risk-patterns-in-multiracial-children
#5
D Sun, T Wang, Y Heianza, T Huang, X Shang, J Lv, S Li, E Harville, W Chen, V Fonseca, L Qi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prenatal growth, which is widely marked by birthweight, may have a pivotal role in affecting the lifelong risk of cardiometabolic disorders; however, comprehensive evaluation of its relations with childhood cardiometabolic risk patterns and the ethnic and gender disparities in national representative populations is still lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between birthweight and comprehensive patterns of cardiometabolic risk in a nationally representative sample of children and adolescents...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918195/impact-of-body-mass-index-and-metabolic-phenotypes-on-coronary-artery-disease-according-to-glucose-tolerance-status
#6
K Fujihara, Y Matsubayashi, M Yamamoto, T Osawa, M Ishizawa, M Kaneko, S Matsunaga, K Kato, H Seida, N Yamanaka, S Kodama, H Sone
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impact of obesity, as defined by body mass index (BMI), and a metabolically unhealthy phenotype on the development of coronary artery disease (CAD) according to glucose tolerance status. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study included 123,746 Japanese men aged 18-72years (normal glucose tolerance: 72,047; prediabetes: 39,633; diabetes: 12,066). Obesity was defined as a BMI≥25kg/m(2). Metabolically unhealthy individuals were defined as those with one or more of the following conditions: hypertension, hypertriglyceridaemia and/or low HDL cholesterol...
September 14, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915626/hdl-cholesterol-concentration-in-pregnant-chinese-han-women-of-late-second-trimester-associated-with-genetic-variants-in-cetp-abca1-apoc3-and-galnt2
#7
Mingxuan Cui, Wei Li, Liangkun Ma, Fan Ping, Juntao Liu, Xueyan Wu, Jiangfeng Mao, Xi Wang, Min Nie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether HDL-C level in pregnant Chinese Han women of late second trimester correlated with loci in high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)-related genes found in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). METHODS: Seven single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3764261 in CETP, rs1532085 in LIPC, rs7241918 in LIPG, rs1883025 in ABCA1, rs4225 in APOC3, rs1059611 in LPL, and rs16851339 in GALNT2) were genotyped using the Sequenom MassArray system for 1,884 pregnant women...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910752/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-elderly-mexicans
#8
María Araceli Ortiz-Rodríguez, Lucía Yáñez-Velasco, Alessandra Carnevale, Sandra Romero-Hidalgo, Demetrio Bernal, Carlos Aguilar-Salinas, Rosalba Rojas, Antonio Villa, Josep A Tur
BACKGROUND: One of the most prevalent chronic diseases among elderly population is the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of MetS and associated factors among Mexican elderly people. SUBJECTS: Cross-sectional survey carried out in Mexico (2007). A random sample (n=516) of the elderly population (≥65years; 277 female, 239 male) was interviewed. Anthropometric and analytical measurements, and a general questionnaire incorporating questions related to socio-demographic and life-style factors were used...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898334/-effects-of-a-lower-body-weight-or-waist-circumference-on-cardiovascular-risk
#9
Ana María Labraña, Eliana Durán, María Adela Martínez, Ana María Leiva, Alex Garrido-Méndez, Ximena Díaz, Carlos Salas, Carlos Celis-Morales
BACKGROUND: Overall and central obesity are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. AIM: To investigate the association of body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with cardiovascular risk factors in Chile. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 5,157 participants from the National Health Survey 2009-2010. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia (high total cholesterol and triglyceride levels and low HDL-cholesterol) were defined using international recommendations...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888808/association-of-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-concentration-with-different-types-of-stroke-and-coronary-heart-disease-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-jphc-study
#10
Isao Saito, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Hiroyasu Iso, Norie Sawada, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration is an established risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD), information regarding subtypes of stroke is very limited, especially in Asian populations. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted among 30,736 individuals aged 40-69 years, who lived in nine communities in Japan and did not have a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD). CHD and stroke, including its subtypes, were assessed, and sex-specific hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for outcomes were estimated according to quintiles of HDL cholesterol using Cox proportional models adjusted for other CVD risk factors...
September 7, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887204/structural-determinants-in-apoa-i-amyloidogenic-variants-explain-improved-cholesterol-metabolism-despite-low-hdl-levels
#11
Rita Del Giudice, Joan Domingo-Espín, Ilaria Iacobucci, Oktawia Nilsson, Maria Monti, Daria Maria Monti, Jens O Lagerstedt
Twenty Apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) variants are responsible for a systemic hereditary amyloidosis in which protein fibrils can accumulate in different organs, leading to their failure. Several ApoA-I amyloidogenic mutations are also associated with hypoalphalipoproteinemia, low ApoA-I and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol plasma levels; however, subjects affected by ApoA-I-related amyloidosis do not show a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The structural features, the lipid binding properties and the functionality of four ApoA-I amyloidogenic variants were therefore inspected in order to clarify the paradox observed in the clinical phenotype of the affected subjects...
September 5, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882873/abca8-regulates-cholesterol-efflux-and-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels
#12
Laia Trigueros-Motos, Julian C van Capelleveen, Federico Torta, David Castaño, Lin-Hua Zhang, Caryn Chai, Martin Kang, Lidiya G Dimova, Alinda W M Schimmel, Ian Tietjen, Chris Radomski, Liang Juin Tan, Thiam Chung Hwee, Pradeep Narayanaswamy, Daniel Wu, Fabian Dorninger, Gopala Krishna Yakala, Amina Barhdadi, Veronique Angeli, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Johannes Berger, Geesje M Dallinga-Thie, Uwe J F Tietge, Markus R Wenk, Michael R Hayden, G Kees Hovingh, Roshni R Singaraja
OBJECTIVE: High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are considered to protect against atherosclerosis in part by facilitating the removal of cholesterol from peripheral tissues. However, factors regulating lipid efflux are incompletely understood. We previously identified a variant in adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter A8 (ABCA8) in an individual with low HDL cholesterol (HDLc). Here, we investigate the role of ABCA8 in cholesterol efflux and in regulating HDLc levels. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We sequenced ABCA8 in individuals with low and high HDLc and identified, exclusively in low HDLc probands, 3 predicted deleterious heterozygous ABCA8 mutations (p...
September 7, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871890/association-between-periodontitis-with-blood-lipid-levels-in-korean-population
#13
Seyoung Lee, Aejung Im, Eunae Burm, Mina Ha
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a known risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. A common biological mechanism between systemic diseases like cardiovascular diseases and periodontal diseases has been suggested. We aimed to examine the association between blood lipid profile and periodontitis. METHODS: The study included 6,905 Korean adults, aged ≥20 years. Individuals with incomplete data on blood lipid levels, those who lacked results of periodontitis examination by using the Community Periodontal Index system in the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 2010 and 2012, and those diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hyperlipidemia were excluded from the study...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859472/fish-consumption-mercury-exposure-and-the-risk-of-cholesterol-profiles-findings-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2011
#14
Yong Min Cho
Objectives: In this study, the associations between mercury exposure and cholesterol profiles were analyzed, and increased mercury levels and cholesterol profiles according to the amount of fish consumption were evaluated. Methods: Data on levels of blood mercury, the frequency of fish consumption, total blood cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) in 3,951 adults were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2011 database...
August 31, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853725/the-triglycerides-and-glucose-index-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-normal-weight-children-and-adolescents
#15
Luis E Simental-Mendía, Gabriela Hernández-Ronquillo, Rita Gómez-Díaz, Martha Rodríguez-Morán, Fernando Guerrero-Romero
BackgroundGiven the usefulness of the product of triglycerides and glucose (TyG) to recognize individuals at high risk for developing cardiovascular events, the aim of this study was to determine whether the TyG index is associated with the presence of cardiovascular risk factors in apparently healthy normal-weight children and adolescents.MethodsApparently healthy children and adolescents with normal weight, aged 6-15 years, were enrolled in a population-based cross-sectional study. The children were allocated into groups with and without cardiovascular risk factors...
August 30, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846662/vitamin-d-deficiency-a-potential-modifiable-risk-factor-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-children-with-severe-obesity
#16
Anoop Mohamed Iqbal, Amanda R Dahl, Aida Lteif, Seema Kumar
Severe obesity is associated with abnormal lipids and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Obesity is a risk factor for vitamin D deficiency. We examined relationship between 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and lipids in children with severe obesity. Medical records of 376 children were reviewed. Linear regression models and logistic regression were used to examine the relationship between 25(OH)D and lipids after adjustment for age, gender, season of blood draw, body mass index (BMI) z-score, and BMI % of 95th percentile...
August 28, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843914/the-association-between-low-level-of-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-mood-disorder-using-time-dependent-analysis
#17
Seung Ju Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Suk-Yong Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have identified factors associated with mood disorder, the association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and mood disorder is still controversial. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between low HDL-C and onset of mood disorder in Korea based on different cut-off levels. METHODS: We used National Health Examinations Service cohort data from 2009 to 2013. We used time-dependent Cox regression analysis to evaluate the association between low level of HDL-C and onset of mood disorder...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843650/relationship-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-with-thyroid-dysfunction-in-algerian-patients
#18
Mohamed Larbi Hamlaoui, Ammar Ayachi, Aoulia Dekaken, Adel Gouri
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its compounds in subjects with different thyroid status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the internal medicine department at El Okbi Hospital of Guelma (East of Algeria) from January 2014 to September 2015. Eighty six patients attending the specialist consultation for suspected thyroid disorders were included in the study. Gender; blood pressure; body mass index; and serum levels of fasting glucose, total cholesterol (TC), high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride were compared between subjects with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and euthyroidism...
August 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842942/risk-factors-of-age-related-cataract-in-a-chinese-adult-population-the-taizhou-eye-study
#19
Yating Tang, Xiaofeng Wang, Jiucun Wang, Li Jin, Wei Huang, Yi Luo, Yi Lu
IMPORTANCE: Cataract risk factors data will provide epidemic evidence for cataract prevention. BACKGROUND: To study the risk factors for age-related cataract (ARC) in a Chinese adult population. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: 10,234 eligible subjects ≥45 years old (response rate 78.1%). METHODS: We conducted detailed eye examinations including presenting visual acuity (PVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp examination of lens opacities and fundus examination...
August 25, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840131/characterization-of-metabolically-healthy-obese-people-and-metabolically-unhealthy-normal-weight-people-in-a-general-population-cohort-of-the-abcd-study
#20
Silvio Buscemi, Pierfilippo Chiarello, Carola Buscemi, Davide Corleo, Maria Fatima Massenti, Anna Maria Barile, Giuseppe Rosafio, Vincenza Maniaci, Valentina Settipani, Loretta Cosentino, Carla Giordano
There is actually no consensus about the possibility that in some instances, obesity may be a benign metabolically healthy (MH) condition as opposed to a normal-weight but metabolically unhealthy (MUH) state. The aim of this study was to characterize MH condition and to investigate possible associations with metabolic and cardiovascular complications. One thousand nineteen people (range of age 18-90 years) of the cohort of the ABCD_2 study were investigated. Participants were classified as normal weight (BMI < 24...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
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