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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074977/-association-of-c-reactive-protein-levels-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-adults-a-population-based-study
#1
Patricia Bustos, Bernardita Rosas, Pablo Román, Juan Villagrán, Hugo Amigo
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among adults in Chile and represents a health risk. AIM: To determine the relationship between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components, with C reactive protein levels (CRP) as an inflammation marker. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The population studied consisted of 736 individuals born in a hospital from Valparaíso Region, aged between 32-38 years at the time of the study. MetS was identified according to the Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III guidelines and inflammation was measured using ultra-sensitive CRP...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068908/a-simple-scoring-model-for-advanced-colorectal-neoplasm-in-asymptomatic-subjects-aged-40-49-years
#2
Yoo Mi Park, Hee Sun Kim, Jae Jun Park, Su Jung Baik, Young Hoon Youn, Jie-Hyun Kim, Hyojin Park
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available for advanced colorectal neoplasm in asymptomatic individuals aged 40-49 years. We aimed to identify risk factors and develop a simple prediction model for advanced colorectal neoplasm in these persons. METHODS: Clinical data were collected on 2781 asymptomatic subjects aged 40-49 years who underwent colonoscopy for routine health examination. Subjects were randomly allocated to a development or validation set. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine predictors of advanced colorectal neoplasm...
January 9, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061774/metabolic-syndrome-and-depressive-symptoms-among-rural-northeast-general-population-in-china
#3
Shasha Yu, Hongmei Yang, Xiaofan Guo, Liqiang Zheng, Yingxian Sun
BACKGROUND: Previous researches aiming to estimate the association between metabolic syndrome and depressive symptoms come out with inconsistent results. Besides, most of them are conducted in the developed areas. There is lack of the data from rural China. The aim of this study is to confirm whether gender difference exists among the relationship between MetS, metabolic components and depressive symptoms in the rural Chinese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis enrolled 11430 subjects' aged ≥35 from rural Northeast China...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060975/-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-rural-aymara-population-from-northern-chile
#4
Pablo Vargas M, Stephanie Saavedra P, María Virginia Araya A, Khanty Loyola A, Patricio Huerta G, Mariana Silva A, Scarlett Araya C, Willybaldo Saavedra A, Pilar Portales P, Willybaldo Saavedra P
BACKGROUND: Some rural non-Caucasian ethnic groups have genetic protective factors for the development of chronic non-communicable diseases. Studies performed in Mapuche and Aymara ethnic groups in Chile, found significantly lower prevalence rates. Aymaras are the second most common ethnic population in Chile. AIM: To determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a native Aymara ethnic population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 276 native Aymara people with a median age of 53 years (63% women), registered in the rural clinics of Camiña and Putre...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057504/prevalence-of-low-hdl-cholesterol-and-its-associations-among-sri-lankan-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-on-statin-therapy
#5
Thilak Priyantha Weerarathna, Herath Mudiyanselage Meththananda Herath, Gayani Liyanage
AIMS: We aimed to study the prevalence and associations of suboptimal high density lipoproteins level, a characteristic feature in diabetic dyslipidemia among patients under statin therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From a database of 2416 patients, data on age, gender, duration of diabetes, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), low density lipoproteins (LDL), triglyceride, high density lipoproteins (HDL) were obtained. Prevalence of suboptimal HDL (<40mg/dL in males and <50mg/dL in females) and its association with gender, age, duration of diabetes, BMI and WC were studied...
December 26, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057114/-a-case-control-study-on-the-association-between-serum-lipid-level-and-the-risk-of-breast-cancer
#6
L J Wei, C Zhang, H Zhang, X Wei, S X Li, J T Liu, X B Ren
Objective: To examine the association between serum lipids, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and the risk and progression of breast cancer in postmenopausal and premenopausal women. Methods: A review analysis of female patients who underwent breast cancer surgery and blood lipid metabolism testing in Tianjin One Hospital, from January 2013 to October 2013, was performed. A total of 1 081 patients were included in the final analysis...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053538/inverse-relationship-of-cardioankle-vascular-index-with-bmi-in-healthy-japanese-subjects-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Daiji Nagayama, Haruki Imamura, Yuta Sato, Takashi Yamaguchi, Noriko Ban, Hidetoshi Kawana, Masahiro Ohira, Atsuhito Saiki, Kohji Shirai, Ichiro Tatsuno
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the association of body mass index (BMI) with arterial stiffness assessed by cardioankle vascular index (CAVI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 23,257 healthy Japanese subjects (12,729 men and 10,528 women, aged 47.1 ± 12.5 years, BMI 22.9 ± 3.4 kg/m(2)) who underwent health screening between 2004 and 2006 in Japan. Exclusion criteria were current medication use and a past history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes, and nephritis...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053201/evidence-that-supports-the-prescription-of-low-carbohydrate-high-fat-diets-a-narrative-review
#8
Timothy David Noakes, Johann Windt
Low-carbohydrate high-fat (LCHF) diets are a highly contentious current topic in nutrition. This narrative review aims to provide clinicians with a broad overview of the effects of LCHF diets on body weight, glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk factors while addressing some common concerns and misconceptions. Blood total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations show a variable, highly individual response to LCHF diets, and should be monitored in patients adhering to this diet. In contrast, available evidence from clinical and preclinical studies indicates that LCHF diets consistently improve all other markers of cardiovascular risk-lowering elevated blood glucose, insulin, triglyceride, ApoB and saturated fat (especially palmitoleic acid) concentrations, reducing small dense LDL particle numbers, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, blood pressure and body weight while increasing low HDL-cholesterol concentrations and reversing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051027/predictive-and-prognostic-value-of-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-young-male-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#9
Zhao Li, Ji Huang, Nan Li
BACKGROUND: The level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is an important risk indicator and used in risk factor counting and quantitative risk assessment; however, the effect of HDL-C in young male patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of HDL-C in young male patients. METHODS: We recruited 267 consecutive young male patients (≤44 years) diagnosed with AMI. Other 247 participants free from coronary heart disease were enrolled as controls...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049935/work-sleep-and-cholesterol-levels-of-u-s-long-haul-truck-drivers
#10
Michael K Lemke, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Adam Hege, Laurie Wideman, Sevil Sonmez
Long-haul truck drivers in the United States experience elevated cardiovascular health risks, possibly due to hypercholesterolemia. The current study has two objectives: 1) to generate a cholesterol profile for U.S. long-haul truck drivers; and 2) to determine the influence of work organization characteristics and sleep quality and duration on cholesterol levels of long-haul truck drivers.Survey and biometric data were collected from 262 long-haul truck drivers. Descriptive analyses were performed for demographic, work organization, sleep, and cholesterol measures...
December 30, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043048/incidence-and-predictors-of-type-2-diabetes-among-koreans-a-12-year-follow-up-of-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study
#11
Seung Jin Han, Hae Jin Kim, Dae Jung Kim, Kwan Woo Lee, Nam H Cho
AIM: Because the incidence of type 2 diabetes in Korea has not been clearly defined, we examined the incidence of this condition and its association with impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and other risk factors in a 12-year follow-up Korean community-based prospective cohort study. METHODS: We recruited 7542 subjects aged 40-69years without diabetes at baseline examination from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study and followed these subjects for 12years biennially...
October 19, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040534/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-survivors-of-childhood-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-treated-with-total-body-irradiation-a-longitudinal-analysis
#12
Danielle Novetsky Friedman, Patrick Hilden, Chaya S Moskowitz, Maya Suzuki, Farid Boulad, Nancy Kernan, Suzanne Wolden, Kevin C Oeffinger, Charles A Sklar
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors treated with total body irradiation (TBI) are known to be at increased risk for the development of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF). We sought to characterize the incidence of CVRF in a TBI-exposed survivor cohort and describe prognostic indicators of their development. Retrospective analysis of CVRF in 1-year survivors of leukemia or lymphoma treated with TBI at Memorial Sloan Kettering from April 1987-May 2011. Eligible participants were≤ 21 years of age at TBI and were not on glucocorticoids at the time of entry to Long-Term Follow-Up...
December 28, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039914/the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-pediatric-survivors-of-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#13
Bella Bielorai, Yael Weintraub, Daphna Hutt, Rina Hemi, Hannah Kanety, Dalit Modan-Moses, Gal Goldstein, Dana Hadar, Liat Lerner-Geva, Amos Toren, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel
MetS is a known complication after HSCT that contributes to long-term morbidity. We assessed the prevalence of components of the MetS in pediatric survivors of allogeneic HSCT, and identified associated risk factors. Thirty-eight patients, median age at HSCT, 8.5 years, were evaluated at a median of 3.9 years post HSCT. Overweight or obesity were seen in 23.7% of the patients, 15.8% had hypertension, 15.8% had hypertriglyceridemia and 13% had low HDL-C levels according to age and gender. Four (10.5%) met the criteria of MetS, all were transplanted for malignant disease...
December 31, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032449/occurrence-over-time-and-regression-of-nonalcholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-type-2-diabetes
#14
Carlo Giorda, Gabriele Forlani, Roberta Manti, Natalia Mazzella, Salvatore De Cosmo, Maria Chiara Rossi, Antonio Nicolucci, Giuseppina Russo, Paolo Di Bartolo, Antonio Ceriello, Piero Guida
BACKGROUND: This analysis was aimed to assess the incidence, regression, and correlated factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in type 2 diabetes, which are poorly known. METHODS: NAFLD (defined as fatty liver index [FLI] score ≥60) in patients with type 2 diabetes and related factors was investigated in a nationwide database containing information from the Italian network of diabetes clinics. A 10% variation of FLI was the cut-off considered in the analyses of a cohort of 5030 patients which was separately conducted for those who developed, maintained or recovered from FLI-assessed NAFLD (FLI-NAFLD) over a 3-year period...
December 29, 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028525/is-there-any-relationship-between-different-phenotypes-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-mortality-rate
#15
Alireza Khosravi, Sareh Ahmadzadeh, Mojgan Gharipour, Jafar Golshahi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mahnaz Jozan, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to focus on different phenotypes of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and their impact on the cardiovascular disease (CVD) events among a sample of the Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Isfahan cohort study is a population-based, on-going longitudinal study of adults aged 35 years old or more, living in urban and rural areas of three counties in central Iran namely Isfahan, Najafabad and Arak. Participants were selected by multistage random sampling and were recruited to reflect the age, sex and urban/rural distribution of the community...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025862/maternal-plasma-cholesterol-and-duration-of-pregnancy-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-ghana
#16
Brietta M Oaks, Christine P Stewart, Kevin D Laugero, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Anna Lartey, Stephen A Vosti, Per Ashorn, Kathryn G Dewey
Low plasma cholesterol may be associated with preterm birth; however, results are mixed and limited primarily to high-income countries. Our objective was to determine whether maternal plasma lipid concentrations are associated with pregnancy duration. We performed a nested cohort (n = 320) study of pregnant Ghanaian women enrolled in a randomized controlled trial. Total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations were analyzed in plasma at ≤20and 36 weeks gestation as continuous variables and also categorized into low, referent, or high (<10th, 10th-90th, >90th percentile)...
December 27, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024183/altered-leukocyte-distribution-under-hypercholesterolemia-a-cross-sectional-study-in-children-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#17
Jacob J Christensen, Liv T Osnes, Bente Halvorsen, Kjetil Retterstøl, Martin P Bogsrud, Cecilie Wium, Arne Svilaas, Ingunn Narverud, Stine M Ulven, Pål Aukrust, Kirsten B Holven
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Children with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) have elevated LDL cholesterol from the first year of life, and represent a model of early-stage atherosclerosis. Data suggest that adults with FH have alterations in circulating monocyte subpopulations towards a more pro-inflammatory phenotype, but it is not known whether FH children have similar perturbations. In addition, there are no data on the distribution of lymphocyte subpopulations in FH children. The objective of the present study was to characterize the distributions of circulating monocyte and lymphocyte subpopulations in children with FH and healthy, normocholesterolemic children...
December 1, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017282/metabolic-syndrome-in-vitiligo-patients-among-a-semi-urban-maharashtrian-population-a-case-control-study
#18
Y K Sharma, Prakhar Bansal, Shruti Menon, Naren Prakash
AIM: To assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlation with the severity and duration of vitiligo. METHODS: One hundred vitiligo patients and 100 age-and-sex matched controls were included, whose waist circumference and blood pressure were measured; fasting serum cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose levels quantified; disease severity assessed and metabolic syndrome defined by National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) criteria. RESULTS: Metabolic syndrome (24%:12%), hypertriglyceridemia (41%:24%), impaired glucose tolerance (25%:16%) [P<0...
December 15, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011231/metabolic-syndrome-and-occupation-any-association-prevalence-among-auto-technicians-and-school-teachers-in-south-west-nigeria
#19
Adeseye A Akintunde, Taiwo W Oloyede
AIMS: To determine occupational association with metabolic syndrome among auto technicians and school teachers. METHODS: One hundred and sixty six subjects were selected for this study. Clinical data was obtained while laboratory investigations including plasma glucose and lipid profile were performed. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS 20.0. P<0.05 was taken as statistically significant. RESULTS: School teachers had significantly higher mean total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol compared to auto technicians...
December 14, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993539/the-association-between-hdl-particle-concentration-and-incident-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-multi-ethnic-dallas-heart-study
#20
Preethi Mani, Hao-Yu Ren, Ian J Neeland, Darren K McGuire, Colby R Ayers, Amit Khera, Anand Rohatgi
AIMS: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. Low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is a diagnostic criterion of MetS and a major ASCVD risk factor. HDL particle concentration (HDL-P) associates with incident ASCVD independent of HDL-C, but its association with incident MetS has not been studied. We hypothesized that HDL-P would be inversely associated with incident metabolic syndrome independent of HDL-C and markers of adiposity and insulin resistance...
December 12, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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