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Daiji Nagayama, Rena Watanabe, Yasuhiro Watanabe, Haruki Imamura, Yuta Sato, Takashi Yamaguchi, Noriko Ban, Hidetoshi Kawana, Masahiro Ohira, Atsuhito Saiki, Kohji Shirai, Ichiro Tatsuno
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of body mass index (BMI) with cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). DESIGN AND METHOD: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 23,257 healthy Japanese subjects (12,729 males and 10528 females) without past history of heart disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes and nephritis between 20 and 74 (47.1 ± 12.5) years of age who underwent health screening during 2004 to 2006 in Japan. RESULTS: Male showed markedly higher BMI, CAVI, TG and lower HDL-C...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Nora T Oliver, Christine M Hartman, Jennifer R Kramer, Elizabeth Y Chiao
INTRODUCTION: Chronic HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection carries increased risk of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death. Due to anti-inflammatory properties, 3-hydroxy-3methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) inhibitors (statins) may be useful adjunctive therapy to reduce liver disease progression. METHODS: Clinical information was extracted from the Veterans Affairs HIV and HCV Clinical Case Registries (1999-2010). HIV-related variables included combination antiretroviral therapy era of diagnosis, CD4 cell count, and percentage time with undetectable HIV viral load...
October 23, 2016: AIDS
Yoonjin Shin, Yangha Kim
The aim of this study was to investigate the association of CD36, a class B scavenger receptor, rs6969989 polymorphism with the serum lipid profiles in Korean women, together with their modulation by oily fish consumption. Subjects were participants from the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study (KoGES), which was initiated in 2001 as a large-scale. A total of 4,210 women aged 39 to 70 were included in this study. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and blood chemical analysis...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Julie M Proudfoot, Anne E Barden, Kevin D Croft, Jean-M Galano, Thierry Durand, Valerie Bultel-Ponce, Martin Giera, Trevor A Mori
Low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, interventions that raise HDL-C have failed to reduce cardiovascular events. We previously reported that HDL is the main carrier of plasma F2-isoprostanes (F2-IsoPs) that are markers of oxidative stress formed upon oxidation of arachidonic acid. F2-IsoPs are predominantly associated with phospholipids. However, there is evidence that F2-IsoPs in the liver of rats treated with carbon tetrachloride associate with the neutral lipids...
October 17, 2016: Free Radical Research
Trinath Kumar Mishra, Biswajit Das
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is rising in epidemic proportions with India not being an exception. CAD in Indian scenario has its onset at a younger age with multitude of risk factors. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to obtain complete information about demographic profile, risk factors, clinical scenario, therapeutic modalities, natural course, outcome and changing profile of acute ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 45,122 acute STEMI patients admitted 1st March 1990 to 1st March 2014...
June 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Paweł Nadrowski, Jerzy Chudek, Michał Skrzypek, Monika Puzianowska-Kuźnicka, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Andrzej Więcek, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Tomasz Grodzicki, Krystyna Kozakiewicz
BACKGROUND: Age-related diseases, including cardiovascular diseases (CVD) may be stimulated by microinflammation, marked by increased level of IL-6 and high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP). We aimed to investigate whether aging "per se" independently contributesto themicroinflammation,inadditionto traditional and novel CVD risk factors. METHODS/RESULTS: The research sample included 4979 participants from PolSenior Study, aged over 65years. The study consisted of threevisitsandincludedquestionnairesurvey,geriatricassessmentandblood/urinesamplingin4101 participants (83...
October 8, 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Miki Kikui, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Takahiro Ono, Momoyo Kida, Takayuki Kosaka, Masaaki Yamamoto, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshinobu Maeda, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
AIM: A positive association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and periodontal status has recently been noted. However, no study has evaluated the relationship by sex and in a general urban population using the uniform definition proposed in the 2009 Joint Interim Statement. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between MetS and periodontal status using the uniform definition in a general urban Japanese population. METHODS: A total of 1,856 Japanese men and women (mean age: 66...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Takumi Hirata, Daisuke Sugiyama, Shin-Ya Nagasawa, Yoshitaka Murakami, Shigeyuki Saitoh, Akira Okayama, Hiroyasu Iso, Fujiko Irie, Toshimi Sairenchi, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Michiko Yamada, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Tomonori Okamura
Low levels of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) have been shown to be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). However, because this is usually observed in the context of other lipid abnormalities, it is not known whether isolated low serum HDL-C levels are an independent risk factor for CHD. We performed a large pooled analysis in Japan using data from nine cohorts with 41,206 participants aged 40-89 years who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline. We divided participants into three groups: isolated low HDL-C, non-isolated low HDL-C, and normal HDL-C...
October 5, 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
Sylvie Streel, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Nadia Dardenne, Axelle Hoge, Adelin Albert, Jean Schoenen, Michèle Guillaume
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and migraine are known to be associated. This study assessed the risk of MetS and its clinical characteristics in migraine with aura (MA) and without aura (MO) based on a large-scale cross-sectional survey. METHODS: The study material consisted of 751 participants in the Nutrition, Environment and CardioVascular Health (NESCaV) survey. Diagnosis of migraine was based on the ef-ID migraine questionnaire and MetS was defined according to the Revised-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria...
October 4, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Giuseppina T Russo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Francesca Viazzi, Antonio Pacilli, Antonio Ceriello, Stefano Genovese, Pietro Guida, Carlo Giorda, Domenico Cucinotta, Roberto Pontremoli, Paola Fioretto
OBJECTIVE: Despite the achievement of blood glucose, blood pressure, and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) targets, the risk for diabetic kidney disease (DKD) remains high among patients with type 2 diabetes. This observational retrospective study investigated whether diabetic dyslipidemia-that is, high triglyceride (TG) and/or low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels-contributes to this high residual risk for DKD. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Among a total of 47,177 patients attending Italian diabetes centers, 15,362 patients with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1...
October 4, 2016: Diabetes Care
Patcharapa Thaweekul, Yuthadej Thaweekul, Karicha Mairiang
A 13-year-old, obese girl presented with acute abdominal pain with abdominal distension for a year. The physical examination revealed marked abdominal distension with a large well-circumscribed mass sized 13×20 cm. Her body mass index (BMI) was 37.8 kg/m2. An abdominal CT scan revealed a huge multiloculated cystic mass and a left adnexal mass. She had an abnormal fasting plasma glucose and low HDL-C. Laparotomy, right salpingooophorectomy, left cystectomy, lymph node biopsies and partial omentectomy were performed...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Wafa Haj Hamad, Marwa Maraoui, Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was firstly to determine the frequency and the characteristics of metabolic syndrome in patients with knee osteoarthritis and secondly to assess the functional consequences of this combination. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study including patients with knee OA referred to the department of physical medicine of Mahdia. In all patients, we sought the clinical and biological criteria for metabolic syndrome (according to NCEP - ATP III) and determined the radiological grade of knee OA according to Kellgren and Lawrence (KL)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Julie K K Vishram, Tine W Hansen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Sten Madsbad, Torben Jørgensen, Mogens Fenger, Stig Lyngbæk, Jørgen Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: Common lipoprotein lipase (LPL) variants are important determinants of triglycerides (TG) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (C) concentrations. High TG/low HDL-C tend to cluster with hypertension, glucose intolerance, and abdominal obesity and comprise the metabolic syndrome (MetS). The role of LPL variants as a cause of MetS is unclear. This study investigated the relationship between two common LPL variants and the presence of MetS and its individual components...
September 27, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Saikat Datta, Jayanta Kumar Roy, Manasi Chakraborty
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes are the leading causes of death and disability globally. The basic element of NCD prevention is the identification of the common risk factors and their prevention and control. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases, in Siliguri city of West Bengal, India using WHO Steps approach. METHODS: Between April 2012 to July 2012, 779 adults of 18-64 years from Siliguri city were chosen by 30-cluster sampling...
December 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Jari-Pekka Klemettilä, Olli Kampman, Niko Seppälä, Merja Viikki, Mari Hämäläinen, Eeva Moilanen, Esa Leinonen
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with excess cardiovascular comorbidity and mortality related to lifestyle factors, such as lack of physical activity, poor diet, and smoking. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increased among patients with schizophrenia, with the highest rates among patients on clozapine treatment. Smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, airway inflammation and obstruction, and adipose tissue and inflammatory marker activation are related in systemic inflammation...
September 23, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
P J Labrador Gómez, S González Sanchidrián, J M Fuentes Rodríguez, J R Gómez-Martino Arroyo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Dyslipidaemias are a modifiable cardiovascular risk factor. The aim of our study was to analyse lipid profile in general population, prevalence, and trend in five years. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2014, all biochemical controls from Primary Care in 18 years-old adults were analysed. We used as reference for lipid levels those stablished for the European Society Cardiology and Hypertension. When several controls from same patient were found, the best and worst levels were used for prevalence...
September 16, 2016: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
Sylwia Dzięgielewska-Gęsiak, Lena Bielawska, Miłosława Zowczak-Drabarczyk, Karolina Hoffmann, Maciej Cymerys, Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń, Ewa Wysocka, Wiesław Bryl
INTRODUCTION    There is an inverse relationship between high density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration and risk of atherosclerosis.  OBJECTIVES    The aim of the study was to assess an oxidant-antioxidant balance in elderly subjects with different concentrations of high density lipoprotein cholesterol. PATIENTS AND METHODS    541 elderly persons ≥ 60 years were investigated. 90 of them, with no acute or severe chronic disorder were assessed:  waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), percentage of body fat (FAT) and blood pressure...
September 20, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
Fiorella Fanton-Aita, Alexis Matteau, Ange Christelle Iliza, Dominic Mitchell, Jason R Guertin, Anick Dubois, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Jean-Claude Tardif, Jacques LeLorier
AIMS: The objective of this study was to estimate the maximal clinical benefit that could be reasonably expected from a cholesterol-lowering intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a hypothetical population at high risk of cardiovascular disease events from three risk assessment models including the Framingham risk function, the Score Canada and the Pooled Cohort Risk Assessment Equations. Our source population were all 55-year-old smoking men with diabetes, hypertension and low HDL...
September 20, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Daiji Nagayama, Rena Watanabe, Yasuhiro Watanabe, Haruki Imamura, Yuta Sato, Takashi Yamaguchi, Noriko Ban, Hidetoshi Kawana, Masahiro Ohira, Atsuhito Saiki, Kohji Shirai, Ichiro Tatsuno
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of body mass index (BMI) with cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). DESIGN AND METHOD: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 23,257 healthy Japanese subjects (12,729 males and 10528 females) without past history of heart disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes and nephritis between 20 and 74 (47.1 ± 12.5) years of age who underwent health screening during 2004 to 2006 in Japan. RESULTS: Male showed markedly higher BMI, CAVI, TG and lower HDL-C...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Alessandra M Campos, Andrea Placido-Sposito, Wladimir M Freitas, Filipe A Moura, Maria Elena Guariento, Wilson Nadruz, Emilio H Moriguchi, Andrei C Sposito
BACKGROUND: Despite the high incidence and mortality of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) among the very elderly, risk markers for this condition remain poorly defined. This study was designed to identify independent markers of STEMI among individuals carefully selected for being healthy or manifesting STEMI in < 24 h. METHODS: We enrolled participants aged 80 years or older of whom 50 were STEMI patients and 207 had never manifested cardiovascular diseases...
December 2016: BBA Clinical
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