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Parisa Naseri, Soheila Khodakarim, Kamran Guity, Maryam S Daneshpour
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms of metabolic syndrome (MetS) causation are complex, genetic and environmental factors are important factors for the pathogenesis of MetS In this study, we aimed to evaluate familial and genetic influences on metabolic syndrome risk factor and also assess association between FTO (rs1558902 and rs7202116) and CETP(rs1864163) genes' single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) with low HDL_C in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The design was a cross-sectional study of 1776 members of 227 randomly-ascertained families...
March 14, 2018: Gene
Juan P González-Rivas, Ramfis Nieto-Martínez, Imperia Brajkovich, Eunice Ugel, Alejandro Rísquez
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in multiple regions of Venezuela is unknown. The Venezuelan Metabolic Syndrome, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (VEMSOLS) was undertaken to evaluate cardiometabolic risk factors in Venezuela. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia in five populations from three regions of Venezuela. METHODS: During the years 2006 to 2010, 1320 subjects aged 20 years or older were selected by multistage stratified random sampling from all households in five municipalities from 3 regions of Venezuela: Lara State (Western region), Merida State (Andean region), and Capital District (Capital region)...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Jin Sup Park, Kwang Soo Cha, Hye Won Lee, Jun-Hyok Oh, Jung Hyun Choi, Han Cheol Lee, Taek Jong Hong, Myung Ho Jeong, Shung Chull Chae, Young Jo Kim
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level predicts cardiovascular events and has a protective effect in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and statin treatment. METHODS: A total of 15,290 AMI patients receiving statins were selected from the Korean Myocardial Infarction Registry. Baseline HDL-C level was used to identify patients with low (Group A), normal (B), and high (C) HDL-C levels according to the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria...
March 7, 2018: Cardiology Journal
Guisong Wang, Anna Vachaparampil Mathew, Haiyi Yu, Lei Li, Liyun He, Wei Gao, Xiaodan Liu, Yanhong Guo, Jaeman Byun, Jifeng Zhang, Y Eugene Chen, Subramaniam Pennathur
High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) are inversely correlated with coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) derived oxidants and HDL proteome changes are implicated in HDL dysfunction in subjects with CAD in the United States; however, the effect of MPO on HDL function and HDL proteome in ethnic Chinese population is unknown. We recruited four matched ethnic Chinese groups (20 patients each): subjects with 1) low HDL levels (HDL levels in men <40mg/dL and women <50mg/dL) and non-CAD (identified by coronary angiography or cardiac CT angiography); 2) low HDL and CAD; 3) high HDL (men >50mg/dL; women >60mg/dL) with no CAD; and 4) high HDL with CAD...
2018: PloS One
Masayoshi Tsuji, Hisatomi Arima, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Koshi Nakamura, Toshiro Takezaki, Kiyomi Sakata, Nagako Okuda, Nobuo Nishi, Aya Kadota, Tomonori Okamura, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Okayama, Katsuyuki Miura
BACKGROUND: The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors remains unknown in a general Japanese population. METHODS: Of 8,815 participants from 300 randomly selected areas throughout Japan, 2,467 participants who were free of cardiovascular disease and who provided information on SES in the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan 2010 were enrolled in this cross-sectional analysis. SES was classified according to the employment status, length of education, marital and living statuses, and equivalent household expenditure (EHE)...
2018: Journal of Epidemiology
B Stutz, A J Ahola, V Harjutsalo, C Forsblom, P-H Groop
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In the general population, habitual coffee consumption is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome, a syndrome that is rather common also in patients with type 1 diabetes. However, whether coffee intake is beneficially related to the metabolic syndrome also in type 1 diabetes, is not known. We, therefore, studied the potential association between coffee consumption and the metabolic syndrome in a large population of individuals with type 1 diabetes. Furthermore, we investigated whether coffee consumption is associated with insulin resistance (estimated glucose disposal rate, eGDR), kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR), and low-grade chronic inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, hsCRP)...
February 1, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Signe T Andersen, Daniel R Witte, Else-Marie Dalsgaard, Henning Andersen, Peter Nawroth, Thomas Fleming, Troels M Jensen, Nanna B Finnerup, Troels S Jensen, Torsten Lauritzen, Eva L Feldman, Brian C Callaghan, Morten Charles
OBJECTIVE: To study incident diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) prospectively during the first 13 years after a screening-based diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and determine the associated risk factors for the development of DPN. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We assessed DPN longitudinally in the Danish arm of the Anglo-Danish-Dutch study of Intensive Treatment of Diabetes in Primary Care (ADDITION) using the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument questionnaire (MNSIQ), defining DPN with scores ≥4...
February 27, 2018: Diabetes Care
Patricia P Wadowski, Silvia Lee, Christoph W Kopp, Renate Koppensteiner, Simon Panzer, Thomas Gremmel
Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are an independent predictor of ischemic events in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. This may in part be due to decreased clopidogrel-mediated platelet inhibition in patients with low HDL-C. We investigated the association of HDL-C with on-treatment platelet reactivity to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) in 314 patients on dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin undergoing angioplasty and stenting. Platelet P-selectin expression was assessed by flow cytometry, and platelet aggregation was determined by the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay and the Impact-R...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
Mariana De Santis Filgueiras, Lara Gomes Suhett, Mariane Alves Silva, Naruna Pereira Rocha, Juliana Farias de Novaes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of vitamin D intake with dyslipidaemia and vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency in Brazilian children and identify the main food group sources of this nutrient in the sample. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study carried out with a representative sample. Blood was collected after 12 h of fasting. Laboratory tests were performed to determine total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL cholesterol, TAG, apoB, apoA1, 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone...
February 26, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Ying Zhou, Xiaofan Guo, Guozhe Sun, Shasha Yu, Zhao Li, Liqiang Zheng, Yingxian Sun
The aim of this article was to explore the link between postmenopausal status according to years since menopause (YSM) and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This survey was conducted from January 2012 to August 2013. A total of 6022 women (3511, 58.3% were post-menopause) from Rural Northeast China were randomly selected and examined. The prevalence of the MetS was significantly higher in postmenopausal women (Post-MW) than in premenopausal women (Pre-MW) (55.0% vs. 33.1%, p .001). The risk for MetS in Post-MW increased with the number of YSM, reaching the peak level in the 5- to 9-year group (OR, 1...
February 20, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
Erika Guyot, Julia Baudry, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Sandrine Péneau
The Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a major public health burden. Dispositional mindfulness has recently been associated with eating disorders, being overweight, and could therefore be associated with the MetS. We aimed to examine in a cross-sectional design the relationship between mindfulness, the MetS, and its risk factors in a large sample of the adult general population and the influence of depressive symptomatology on this association. Adults participating in the NutriNet-Santé study who had completed the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire and attended a clinical and biological examination were available for inclusion...
February 17, 2018: Nutrients
Ana Paula Brigatto Simões Golucci, André Moreno Morcillo, Taís Daiene Russo Hortencio, Antônio Fernando Ribeiro, Roberto José Negrão Nogueira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatic dysfunction, due to parenteral nutrition, may become severe and lead to cirrhosis and hepatic failure, especially in newborns and infants. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the exclusive use of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and changes in the hepatic profile, and to investigate the relationship between age, hypertriglyceridemia, and hypercholesterolemia, and the occurrence of laboratory liver dysfunction. METHODS: A descriptive and historical cohort study was conducted, evaluating 195 pediatric patients (age: 1 month to 19 years) who received TPN...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
X X Li, Y Zhao, L X Huang, H X Xu, X Y Liu, J J Yang, P J Zhang, Y H Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To determine the individual and combined influences of smoking and alcohol consumption on lipid profile in male adults in northwest rural China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: In total, 4614 subjects were enrolled in the cross-sectional study, performed between 2008 and 2012. The present study examined males aged ≥18 years from northwest rural China (n = 707). Data on current smoking and drinking status were collected...
February 16, 2018: Public Health
Ana Paula Pereira Castro, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Luana Cupertino Milagres, Fernanda Martins Albuquerque, Mariana de Santis Filgueiras, Naruna Pereira Rocha, Juliana Farias de Novaes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate ApoB/ApoA1 ratio and its association with cardiovascular risk factors in children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 258 children aged 8 and 9 years old, enrolled in all urban schools in the city of Viçosa-MG. An anthropometric evaluation of the body and biochemical composition of the children was performed. Socioeconomic variables and sedentary lifestyle were evaluated through a semi-structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Many children had excess weight (35...
February 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
Eleonora Candi, Manfredi Tesauro, Carmine Cardillo, Anna Maria Lena, Francesca Schinzari, Giuseppe Rodia, Giuseppe Sica, Paolo Gentileschi, Valentina Rovella, Margherita Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, Nicola Di Daniele, Gerry Melino
Obesity represents one of the most complex public health challenges and has recently reached epidemic proportions.  Obesity is also considered to be primarily responsible for the rising prevalence of metabolic syndrome, defined as the coexistence in the same individual of several risk factors for atherosclerosis, including dyslipidaemia, hypertension and hyperglycaemia, as well as for cancer. Additionally, the presence of three of the five risk factors (abdominal obesity, low HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides, high fasting glucose and high blood pressure) characterizes metabolic syndrome, which has serious clinical consequences...
February 8, 2018: Biochemical Journal
Francesco Moroni, Marco Magnoni, Vittoria Vergani, Enrico Ammirati, Paolo G Camici
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Plaque border irregularity is a known imaging characteristic of vulnerable plaques, but its evaluation heavily relies on subjective evaluation and operator expertise. Aim of the present work is to propose a novel fractal-analysis based method for the quantification of atherosclerotic plaque border irregularity and assess its relation with cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-two asymptomatic subjects with carotid stenosis underwent ultrasound evaluation and assessment of cardiovascular risk factors...
2018: PloS One
Markku Voutilainen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Päivi Tossavainen, Taina Sipponen, Niina Pitkänen, Tomi Laitinen, Eero Jokinen, Tapani Rönnemaa, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Markus Juonala
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several genetic and environmental risk factors have been linked to chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The incidence of IBD has significantly increased in developed countries during last decades. The aim of the present study was to examine childhood risk factors for subsequent IBD diagnosis in a longitudinal cohort study of children and adolescents. METHODS: A Finnish study population consisting of 3551 children and adolescents originally evaluated as part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study in 1980...
January 31, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
Farzin Brian Boudi, Nicholas Kalayeh, Mohammad Reza Movahed
OBJECTIVE: Acute coronary syndrome is frequently complicated by rhythm disturbances, yet any association between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and arrhythmias in the setting of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI) is uncertain. The goal of this study was to evaluate any association between HDL-cholesterol levels and arrhythmias in the setting of non-STEMI. METHODS: Retrospective data from Phoenix Veterans Affair Medical Center records were utilized for our study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Gregory C Shearer, Kamil Borkowski, Susan L Puumala, William S Harris, Theresa L Pedersen, John W Newman
Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) is characterized by chronic inflammation which mediates the associated high risk for cardiovascular and other diseases. Oxylipins are a superclass of lipid mediators with potent bioactivities in inflammation, vascular biology, and more. While their role as locally produced agents is appreciated, most oxylipins in plasma are found in lipoproteins suggesting defective regulation of inflammation could be mediated by the elevated VLDL and low HDL levels characteristic of MetSyn. Our objective was to compare the oxylipin composition of VLDL, LDL, and HDL in 14 optimally healthy individuals and 31 MetSyn patients, and then to determine the effects of treating MetSyn subjects with 4g/day of prescription omega-3 fatty acids (P-OM3) on lipoprotein oxylipin profiles...
January 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
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