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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095833/lifetime-and-12-month-prevalence-of-eating-disorders-amongst-women-in-mid-life-a-population-based-study-of-diagnoses-and-risk-factors
#1
Nadia Micali, Maria G Martini, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Radha Kothari, Ellie Russell, Cynthia M Bulik, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs) are common amongst women; however, no research has specifically investigated the lifetime/12-month prevalence of eating disorders amongst women in mid-life (i.e., fourth and fifth decade of life) and the relevant longitudinal risk factors. We aimed to investigate the lifetime and 12-month prevalence of EDs and lifetime health service use and to identify childhood, parenting, and personality risk factors. METHODS: This is a two-phase prevalence study, nested within an existing longitudinal community-based sample of women in mid-life...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091638/highly-ordered-sandwich-type-phthalocyaninato-porphyrinato-europium-double-decker-nanotubes-and-room-temperature-no2-sensitive-properties
#2
Peihua Zhu, Yucheng Wang, Pan Ma, Feifei Song, Xinyu Han, Shuncheng Yao, Cheng Yang
A sandwich-type (phthalocyaninato)(porphyrinato) europium double-decker complex Eu(TPyP){Pc-(OC8H17)8} [TPyP = meso-tetra(4-pyridyl)porphyrin; Pc-(OC8H17)8 = 2,3,9,10,16,17,23,24-octakis(octyloxy)phthalocyanine] (2) was designed and prepared. For comparative studies, Eu(TPyP)(Pc) (1) was also prepared. Highly ordered nanotubes of complexes 1 and 2 were successfully fabricated by using an anodized alumina oxide (AAO) template method. The nanotubes were comparatively investigated by electronic absorption spectra, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), low-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) techniques...
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078472/using-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-for-women-and-men-some-cautionary-thoughts
#3
Stephen Matthey, Francesca Agostini
The objective of the study was to critically consider some of the possible limitations in the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS), given that great emphasis is put on the results of this measure within both clinical and research fields. Using findings and discussion points from other studies, as well as from a critical analysis of issues by the authors based upon their clinical and research experience, possible limitations with the scale in nine areas are discussed. Possible limitations include the following: (1) ambiguous items, (2) exclusion of certain types of distress, (3) scoring difficulties, (4) low positive predictive value, (5) frequent use of incorrect cut-off scores, (6) a vast array of validated cut-off scores, (7) validation against a questionable gold-standard, (8) limited anxiety detection and of depressive symptoms in men, and (9) many screen positive women only have transient distress...
January 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073822/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-quality-of-life-in-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-parallel-cohort-study
#4
Thomas Gaisl, Cecilia Giunta, Daniel J Bratton, Kate Sutherland, Christian Schlatzer, Noriane Sievi, Daniel Franzen, Peter A Cistulli, Marianne Rohrbach, Malcolm Kohler
BACKGROUND: Patients with the connective tissue disorder Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) often suffer from fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness and impaired quality of life. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be an underlying cause for these symptoms but its prevalence in this population is unclear. METHODS: In this prospective parallel-cohort study, we included 100 adult patients with EDS (46% hypermobile-type, 35% classical-type and 19% other), which were one-to-one matched to 100 healthy adult controls according to sex, age, weight and height...
January 10, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072893/a-pediatric-application-of-the-strac-regional-hospital-trauma-registry-database-pediatric-trauma-deaths-in-south-central-texas-during-2004-2013
#5
Michelle Buehner, Jay Aden, Mathew Borgman, Preston Love, Brandi Wright, Mary Edwards
The purpose of this study was to define the demographics of pediatric traumatic injuries and to understand the predictive value of injury type, prehospital, and emergency department (ED) data regarding the mortality of pediatric trauma patients (<14 years of age) in South Central Texas. We report a retrospective review of pediatric trauma patients presenting to Trauma Service Area P in South Central Texas during 2004-2013. The primary outcome was mortality; secondary outcomes were ventilator days, hospital days, and intensive care unit stay...
January 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992930/insurance-expansion-and-hospital-emergency-department-access-evidence-from-the-affordable-care-act
#6
Craig Garthwaite, Tal Gross, Matthew Notowidigdo, John A Graves
Background: Little is known about whether insurance expansion affects the location and type of emergency department (ED) use. Understanding these changes can inform state-level decisions about the Medicaid expansion under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Objective: To investigate the effect of the 2014 ACA Medicaid expansion on the location, insurance status, and type of ED visits. Design: Quasi-experimental observational study from 2012 to 2014...
December 20, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977894/synthesis-and-characterization-of-a-novel-scaffold-for-bone-tissue-engineering-based-on-wharton-s-jelly
#7
Cristian Martínez, Carlos Fernández, Miguel Prado, Andres Ozols, Daniel G Olmedo
A composite is a material made of more than one component, and the bond between the components is on a scale larger than the atomic scale. The objective of the present study was to synthesize and perform the structural characterization and biological evaluation of a new biocomposite (BCO) based on a novel combination of an organic and an inorganic phase, for bone tissue engineering applications. The organic phase consisted of Wharton's Jelly (WJ), which was obtained from embryonic tissue following a protocol developed by our laboratory...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939669/photodegradation-of-methylene-blue-by-photocatalyst-of-d-a-d-type-polymer-functionalized-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-composite-under-visible-light-irradiation
#8
Fangfang Liu, Ruxangul Jamal, Yujie Wang, Minchao Wang, Lei Yang, Tursun Abdiryim
A donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) type monomer (3,6-bis(2-(3,4-ethylenedioxy- thiophene))pyridazine) (EPE) with pyridazine as intermediate unit (acceptor) and 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) as sealing unit (donor) was successfully synthesized. The functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (f-MWCNT) was covalently linked with polymer chain via chemical oxidative polymerization of monomer EPE to form poly(EPE)/f-MWCNT composite. The prepared composite was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra (UV-vis), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), respectively...
February 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931013/the-influence-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-on-motherhood-a-phenomenological-hermeneutical-study
#9
Stijn De Baets, Marieke Vanhalst, Marieke Coussens, Lies Rombaut, Fransiska Malfait, Geert Van Hove, Patrick Calders, Guy Vanderstraeten, Dominique van de Velde
BACKGROUND: The consequences of the Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome hypermobility type (EDS-HT) affect many aspects of daily life. "Living with limitations" is a central theme in the life of patients affected by this heritable disorder of connective tissue. The aim of the present study was to explore the lived experiences of women with EDS-HT concerning diagnosis, influence on daily life and becoming and being a mother. METHOD: A phenomenological-hermeneutical study, using in-depth interviews...
January 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893695/clinical-assessment-tests-in-evaluating-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ming-Lung Chuang, I-Feng Lin, Chai-Yuan Lee
Exertional dyspnea scales (EDS) and health-related quality-of-life questionnaires (HRQoLQs) are used to assess chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The GOLD guidelines categorize patients according to either 1 of these 2 domains, the lung function and the frequency of acute exacerbations in the preceding year, however with inconsistent results. Combining EDS and HRQoLQs may yield better results; however, the best combination is unclear. Whether the EDS quantifies the exercise capacity or the dyspnea perception is also unclear...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861836/out-of-network-emergency-department-use-among-managed-medicaid-beneficiaries
#11
Maria C Raven, David Guzman, Alice H Chen, John Kornak, Margot Kushel
OBJECTIVE: Out-of-network emergency department (ED) use, or use that occurs outside the contracted network, may lead to increased care fragmentation and cost. We examined factors associated with out-of-network ED use among Medicaid beneficiaries. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SETTING: Enrollment, claims, and encounter data for adult Medi-Cal health plan members with 1+ ED visits and complete Medicaid eligibility during the study period from 2013 to 2014. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the data to identify factors associated with out-of-network ED use classified by mode of arrival (ambulance vs...
November 11, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825324/predicting-time-to-emergency-department-re-visits-and-inpatient-hospitalization-among-adolescents-who-visited-an-emergency-department-for-psychotic-symptoms-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Amir Soleimani, Rhonda J Rosychuk, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Adolescents experiencing psychosis may enter the mental health system by a pathway to care that includes or is initiated at the emergency department (ED). However, a better understanding of the pathway to care involving EDs is required to ensure these patients receive the care they require. This study explores physician-based care factors associated with adolescent ED re-visits and inpatient hospitalization following an index ED visit for psychotic symptoms. METHODS: Using administrative data from Alberta, Canada, we identified a cohort of adolescents aged 13-17 years who were discharged after an ED visit for psychotic symptoms between April 1, 2002 and September 29, 2010...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812702/epidemiology-of-sports-related-eye-injuries-in-the-united-states
#13
R Sterling Haring, Isaac D Sheffield, Joseph K Canner, Eric B Schneider
Importance: Ocular trauma can lead to lifelong sequelae, and sports-related ocular injuries have been shown to disproportionately affect the young. Studies quantifying and characterizing the incidence and type of injuries seen with sports-related ocular trauma may be useful for resource utilization, training, and prevention efforts. Objective: To examine the emergency department (ED) burden of sports-related ocular trauma in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective, cross-sectional study examined the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, containing data from approximately 30 million ED visits annually at more than 900 hospitals nationwide, from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2013, to determine factors associated with sports-related ocular trauma...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756121/associations-between-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-a-population-based-study-in-china
#14
Sicheng Wu, Shuqi Chen, Yanfang Zhao, Xiuqiang Ma, Rui Wang, Jia He
Background/Aims: Several studies have demonstrated that sleep problems are associated with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and functional dyspepsia etc, but the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and FGIDs has not been systematically studied in general population. This study aimed to explore the relationship between EDS and specific types of FGIDs and the effect of the number of FGIDs on EDS. Methods: A sample of 3600 individuals (aged 18-80 years) was selected from 5 regions in China using a randomized stratified multi-stage sampling method...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755226/discharge-of-non-acute-coronary-syndrome-chest-pain-patients-from-emergency-care-to-an-advanced-nurse-practitioner-led-chest-pain-clinic-a-cross-sectional-study-of-referral-source-and-final-diagnosis
#15
Shirley J Ingram, Gabrielle McKee, Mary B Quirke, Niamh Kelly, Ashling Moloney
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a common presentation to emergency departments (EDs). Pathways for patients with non-acute coronary syndrome (ACS) chest pain are not optimal. An advanced cardiology nurse-led chest pain service was commenced to address this. The aim of the study was to assess the outcomes of non-ACS patients discharged from ED to an advanced cardiology nurse-led chest pain clinic and compare by referral type (nurse or ED physician). METHODS: The service consisted of advanced cardiology nurse or ED physician consultation in the ED and discharge to advanced nurse-led chest pain clinic review less than 72 hours after discharge...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753066/diagnosis-of-elder-abuse-in-u-s-emergency-departments
#16
Christopher S Evans, Katherine M Hunld, Tony Rosen, Timothy F Platts-Mills
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of visits to U.S. emergency departments (EDs) in which a diagnosis of elder abuse is reached using two nationally representative datasets. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis. SETTING: U.S. ED visits recorded in the 2012 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) or the 2011 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS). PARTICIPANTS: All ED visits of individuals aged 60 and older...
October 18, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736875/mutations-in-tspear-encoding-a-regulator-of-notch-signaling-affect-tooth-and-hair-follicle-morphogenesis
#17
Alon Peled, Ofer Sarig, Liat Samuelov, Marta Bertolini, Limor Ziv, Daphna Weissglas-Volkov, Marina Eskin-Schwartz, Christopher A Adase, Natalia Malchin, Ron Bochner, Gilad Fainberg, Ilan Goldberg, Koji Sugawara, Avital Baniel, Daisuke Tsuruta, Chen Luxenburg, Noam Adir, Olivier Duverger, Maria Morasso, Stavit Shalev, Richard L Gallo, Noam Shomron, Ralf Paus, Eli Sprecher
Despite recent advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of ectodermal dysplasias (EDs), the molecular basis of many of these disorders remains unknown. In the present study, we aimed at elucidating the genetic basis of a new form of ED featuring facial dysmorphism, scalp hypotrichosis and hypodontia. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified 2 frameshift and 2 missense mutations in TSPEAR segregating with the disease phenotype in 3 families. TSPEAR encodes the thrombospondin-type laminin G domain and EAR repeats (TSPEAR) protein, whose function is poorly understood...
October 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701416/clinical-phenotypes-and-comorbidity-in-european-sleep-apnoea-patients
#18
Tarja Saaresranta, Jan Hedner, Maria R Bonsignore, Renata L Riha, Walter T McNicholas, Thomas Penzel, Ulla Anttalainen, John Arthur Kvamme, Martin Pretl, Pawel Sliwinski, Johan Verbraecken, Ludger Grote
BACKGROUND: Clinical presentation phenotypes of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and their association with comorbidity as well as impact on adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment have not been established. METHODS: A prospective follow-up cohort of adult patients with OSA (apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) of ≥5/h) from 17 European countries and Israel (n = 6,555) was divided into four clinical presentation phenotypes based on daytime symptoms labelled as excessive daytime sleepiness ("EDS") and nocturnal sleep problems other than OSA (labelled as "insomnia"): 1) EDS (daytime+/nighttime-), 2) EDS/insomnia (daytime+/nighttime+), 3) non-EDS/non-insomnia (daytime-/nighttime-), 4) and insomnia (daytime-/nighttime+) phenotype...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697254/comparison-of-different-types-of-phacoemulsification-tips-i-quantitative-analysis-of-elemental-composition-and-tip-surface-microroughness
#19
Konstantinos T Tsaousis, Liliana Werner, Jesus Paulo Perez, He J Li, Nicholas Reiter, Jia J Guan, Nick Mamalis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the elemental composition of phacoemulsification tips and their surface roughness in the microscale. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center and Utah Nanofab, College of Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Seven types of phacoemulsification tips were studied. The phaco tips were examined through energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for elemental composition...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618167/challenges-enrolling-children-into-traumatic-brain-injury-trials-an-observational-study
#20
Rachel M Stanley, Michael D Johnson, Cheryl Vance, Lalit Bajaj, Lynn Babcock, Shireen Atabaki, Danny Thomas, Harold K Simon, Daniel M Cohen, Daniel Rubacalva, P David Adelson, Blake Bulloch, Alexander J Rogers, Prashant Mahajan, Jill Baren, Lois Lee, John Hoyle, Kimberly Quayle, T Charles Casper, J Michael Dean, Nathan Kuppermann
OBJECTIVES: In preparation for a clinical trial of therapeutic agents for children with moderate-to-severe blunt traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in emergency departments (EDs), we conducted this feasibility study to (1) determine the number and clinical characteristics of eligible children, (2) determine the timing of patient and guardian arrival to the ED, and (3) describe the heterogeneity of TBIs on computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study at 16 EDs of children ≤ 18 years of age presenting with blunt head trauma and Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 3-12...
January 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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