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veterinary guidelines

Laura Miller, Gerardo J Pacheco, Jud C Janak, Rose C Grimm, Nicole A Dierschke, Janice Baker, Jean A Orman
Background: Military working dogs (MWDs) are a major asset in the theater of operations. Their unique abilities make them ideal for tasks such as tracking, patrol, and scent detection. MWDs deployed to a war zone are exposed to harsh environments and battlefield dangers that increase their risk of disease, injuries, and death. Although canines have been used extensively in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), no published studies have reported detailed causes of death among MWDs deployed to these conflicts...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Anne-Claire Gehrig, Katrin Hartmann, Felix Günther, André Klima, Gabriele Habacher, Michèle Bergmann
Objectives Vaccination is the most important measure for prevention of feline infectious diseases. Cat owner compliance with vaccination recommendations has been investigated in the UK but not in other European countries. The aim of the present study was to determine cat owners' attitudes towards vaccination in cats in Germany, to identify factors that are associated with the vaccination status of their cats and to compare the results with those of the UK survey. Methods The survey was conducted using an online questionnaire and was aimed at respondents throughout Germany...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Larry P Hoscheit, Hock Gan Heng, Chee Kin Lim, Hsin-Yi Weng
Image quality in B-mode ultrasound is important as it reflects the diagnostic accuracy and diagnostic information provided during clinical scanning. Quality assurance programs for B-mode ultrasound systems/components are comprised of initial quality acceptance testing and subsequent regularly scheduled quality control testing. The importance of quality assurance programs for B-mode ultrasound image quality using ultrasound phantoms is well documented in the human medical and medical physics literature. The purpose of this prospective, cross-sectional, survey study was to determine the prevalence and methodology of quality acceptance testing and quality control testing of image quality for ultrasound system/components among veterinary sonographers...
March 12, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Carla D Hibbs, Paul M Barrett, D Dustin Dees
PURPOSE: To determine intraocular pressure (IOP) reference intervals in eyes of healthy miniature donkeys (Equus africanus asinus) via rebound and applanation tonometry. METHODS: Complete ophthalmic and physical examinations were performed by board-certified veterinary ophthalmologists. Inclusion criteria for animals participating in this study were dictated by the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) reference interval guidelines. Intraocular pressure estimates (TonoVet® and TonoPen XL® ) were obtained in both eyes...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Gian Lorenzo D'Alterio, Chris Barichievy, William Macasero
BACKGROUND: The Arabian Sand Gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa marica, Thomas, 1897) has been extirpated throughout the Arabian Peninsula. Captive breeding and reintroduction for conservation purposes require veterinary support and the use of hematology RIs. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to establish hematological RIs for the Arabian Sand Gazelle. METHODS: Blood from 231 clinically healthy captive and 22 wild (reintroduced) Arabian Sand Gazelles were sampled...
March 7, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Kate Hopper, Alejandro Garcia Rojas, Linda Barter
OBJECTIVE To determine common fluid therapy practices of small animal practitioners and identify fluid therapy-related knowledge gaps that may benefit from improved educational efforts, targeted research, or both. DESIGN Online survey. SAMPLE 1,496 small animal veterinarians PROCEDURES An online survey was provided to members of the Veterinary Information Network between December 23, 2013, and January 30, 2014. The survey consisted of 24 questions investigating the administration of crystalloid and synthetic colloid solutions, but not blood products, and focused primarily on the choice of fluid type, frequency of administration, type of patient treated with fluids, treatment with fluids subcutaneously versus IV, and potassium supplementation of fluids...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Christopher A Adin, Callie A Fogle, Steven L Marks
To ensure patient safety and protect the well-being of interns and residents, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) issued guidelines in 2003 limiting the working hours of physician trainees. Although many supported the goals of the ACGME, institutions struggled to restructure their programs and hire staff required by this unfunded mandate. Numerous studies have analyzed the effects of duty hours restrictions on patient outcomes and physician training over the past 15 years. Most agree that duty hours restrictions improved well-being of house officers, but these improvements came at the expense of continuity, and patient hand-offs led to medical errors...
February 19, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Elisa Rampacci, Marco Bottinelli, Valentina Stefanetti, Doreene R Hyatt, Elisa Sgariglia, Mauro Coletti, Fabrizio Passamonti
OBJECTIVES: This work characterizes the antimicrobial susceptibility of uropathogens isolated from empirically treated dogs and cats. Within-household transmission of uropathogens can involve humans and companion animals. Knowledge on the prevalence and susceptibility pattern of isolates from canine and feline urine samples and the impact of prior antimicrobial treatment is important to prevent the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted selecting antibiotically treated companion animals...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Sarah C Totton, Jonah N Cullen, Jan M Sargeant, Annette M O'Connor
The goal of the REFLECT Statement (Reporting guidElines For randomized controLled trials in livEstoCk and food safeTy) (published in 2010) was to provide the veterinary research community with reporting guidelines tailored for randomized controlled trials for livestock and food safety. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of REFLECT Statement reporting of items 1-19 in controlled trials published in journals between 1970 and 2017 examining the comparative efficacy of FDA-registered antimicrobials against naturally acquired BRD (bovine respiratory disease) in weaned beef calves in Canada or the USA, and to compare the prevalence of reporting before and after 2010, when REFLECT was published...
February 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Caitlyn R Mullins, Monique D Pairis-Garcia, Magnus R Campler, Raymond Anthony, Anna K Johnson, Grahame J Coleman, Jean-Loup Rault
With extensive knowledge and training in the prevention, management, and treatment of disease conditions in animals, veterinarians play a critical role in ensuring good welfare on swine farms by training caretakers on the importance of timely euthanasia. To assist veterinarians and other industry professionals in training new and seasoned caretakers, an interactive computer-based training program was created. It consists of three modules, each containing five case studies, which cover three distinct production stages (breeding stock, piglets, and wean to grower-finisher pigs)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
A Vanhoudt, K van Hees-Huijps, A T M van Knegsel, O C Sampimon, J C M Vernooij, M Nielen, T van Werven
Dry cow therapy (DCT) in the Netherlands changed from mainly blanket to selective antimicrobial DCT. This transition was supported by a national guideline, with the individual somatic cell count (SCC) at the last milk recording before dry-off as the main selection criterion for antimicrobial DCT. The aim of this retrospective observational study is to evaluate the SCC dynamics during the dry period at the herd and individual dry period level following the national transition from mainly blanket to selective antimicrobial DCT...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Karen L Tang, Niamh P Caffrey, Diego B Nóbrega, Susan C Cork, Paul E Ronksley, Herman W Barkema, Alicia J Polachek, Heather Ganshorn, Nishan Sharma, James D Kellner, William A Ghali
Background: Antibiotic use in human medicine, veterinary medicine, and agriculture has been linked to the rise of antibiotic resistance globally. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarise the effect that interventions to reduce antibiotic use in food-producing animals have on the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in animals and in humans. Methods: On July 14, 2016, we searched electronic databases (Agricola, AGRIS, BIOSIS Previews, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE, Embase, Global Index Medicus, ProQuest Dissertations, Science Citation Index) and the grey literature...
November 2017: Lancet. Planetary Health
Koudai Kawase, Hazuki Ujiie, Motonori Takaki, Kazuto Yamashita
A set of evidence-based consensus guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in dogs and cats (RECOVER guidelines) was published in 2012. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of CPR performed according to those guidelines in dogs. A total of 141 dogs with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) were identified and underwent CPR between January 2012 and December 2015 at the Sapporo Nighttime Animal Hospital. CPR was performed according to no-consensus traditional veterinary CPR procedures in 68 dogs (TRADITIONAL group), and according to the RECOVER guidelines in 73 dogs (RECOVER group)...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Elein Hernandez, Anne Fawcett, Emily Brouwer, Jeff Rau, Patricia V Turner
Although expectations for appropriate animal care are present in most developed countries, significant animal welfare challenges continue to be seen on a regular basis in all areas of veterinary practice. Veterinary ethics is a relatively new area of educational focus but is thought to be critically important in helping veterinarians formulate their approach to clinical case management and in determining the overall acceptability of practices towards animals. An overview is provided of how veterinary ethics are taught and how common ethical frameworks and approaches are employed-along with legislation, guidelines and codes of professional conduct-to address animal welfare issues...
January 22, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Aurélien Desmarchelier, Kaïli Fan, Mai Minh Tien, Marie-Claude Savoy, Adrienne Tarres, Denis Fuger, Alexandre Goyon, Thomas Bessaire, Pascal Mottier
A procedure for screening 105 veterinary drugs in foods by liquid chromatography tandem mass-spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is presented. Its scope encompasses raw materials of animal origin (milk, meat, fish, egg and fat) but also related processed ingredients and finished products commonly used and manufactured by food business operators. Due to the complexity of the matrices considered and to efficiently deal with losses during extraction and matrix effects during MS source ionisation, each sample was analyzed twice, that is "unspiked" and "spiked at the screening target concentration" using a QuEChERS-like extraction...
January 18, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
D Schwartz, N Pusterla, S Jacobsen, M M Christopher
BACKGROUND: Serum amyloid A (SAA) is a major acute phase protein in horses. A new point-of-care (POC) test for SAA (Stablelab) is available, but studies evaluating its analytical accuracy are lacking. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the analytical performance of the SAA POC test by: (1) determining linearity and imprecision, (2) comparing results in whole blood with those in serum or plasma, and (3) comparing POC results with those obtained using a previously validated turbidimetric immunoassay (TIA)...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
Jason Drake, Scott Wiseman
BACKGROUND: A recent American Heartworm Society (AHS) survey on the incidence of adult heartworm infections in dogs in the United States of America showed a 21.7% increase in the average cases per veterinary clinic from 2013 to 2016. The analysis reported here was performed to see if heartworm testing results available via the Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) aligned with the AHS survey and whether changes in heartworm preventive dispensing accounts for the increased incidence...
January 17, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Flora Vayr, Guillaume Martin-Blondel, Frederic Savall, Jean-Marc Soulat, Gaëtan Deffontaines, Fabrice Herin
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) is the main causative agent of bovine zoonotic tuberculosis. The aim of this systematic review is to highlight the occupational exposure to bovine tuberculosis due to M. bovis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A computer based literature search was carried out to identify papers published between January 2006 and March 2017. "PubMed, Cochrane Library and Science Direct" databases were searched systematically. Articles presenting the following properties were included: (i) focusing on M...
January 16, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Kátia S D Nunes, José H Vallim, Márcia R Assalin, Sonia C N Queiroz, Lourival C Paraíba, Claudio M Jonsson, Felix G R Reyes
The residue depletion of sulfamethazine (SMZ) was evaluated in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after 11 days of administration of medicated feed containing SMZ, at the dose of 422 mg/kg body weight (bw). The determination of SMZ in feed and tilapia fillet was carried out using the QuEChERS approach for sample preparation, and high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QToF-MS) for quantitation, respectively...
January 9, 2018: Chemosphere
M K Nielsen, M A Branan, A M Wiedenheft, R Digianantonio, L P Garber, C A Kopral, A M Phillippi-Taylor, J L Traub-Dargatz
The widespread occurrence of anthelmintic resistance in equine parasites across the world has led to recommendations of fecal egg count-based parasite programs to reduce treatment intensity and thereby delay further development of resistance as much as possible. The most recent study describing equine parasite control in the United States was conducted 20 years ago, and little is known about current strategies employed. This study was part of the National Animal Health Monitoring Systems (NAHMS) Equine 2015 Study, and aimed to describe equine parasite control strategies in the U...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
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