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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776457/a-new-green-method-for-the-quantitative-analysis-of-enrofloxacin-by-fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy
#1
Camila Tavares Rebouças, Ana Carolina Kogawa, Hérida Regina Nunes Salgado
Background: A green analytical chemistry method was developed for quantification of enrofloxacin in tablets. The drug, a second-generation fluoroquinolone, was first introduced in veterinary medicine for the treatment of various bacterial species. Objective: This study proposed to develop, validate, and apply a reliable, low-cost, fast, and simple IR spectroscopy method for quantitative routine determination of enrofloxacin in tablets. Methods: The method was completely validated according to the International Conference on Harmonisation guidelines, showing accuracy, precision, selectivity, robustness, and linearity...
May 18, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757680/comparison-of-two-veterinary-emergency-and-critical-care-clerkship-grading-protocols
#2
Bobbi J Conner, Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Yu Su
Universal guidelines for evaluating veterinary students' clinical clerkship performance are unavailable. At our institution, each service determines its own grading protocol. In this study, researchers compared clinician, staff, and student perceptions of a traditional and newly devised grading practice on the Emergency and Critical Care (ECC) clerkship. ECC clinicians and technicians were asked to assess the existing grading protocol for the clerkship. The system was then revised to better align with clerkship objectives...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713634/cell-based-therapies-for-joint-disease-in-veterinary-medicine-what-we-have-learned-and-what-we-need-to-know
#3
REVIEW
Sophie Helen Bogers
Biological cell-based therapies for the treatment of joint disease in veterinary patients include autologous-conditioned serum, platelet-rich plasma, and expanded or non-expanded mesenchymal stem cell products. This narrative review outlines the processing and known mechanism of action of these therapies and reviews current preclinical and clinical efficacy in joint disease in the context of the processing type and study design. The significance of variation for biological activity and consequently regulatory approval is also discussed...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678910/serotype-diversity-and-antimicrobial-resistance-among-salmonella-enterica-isolated-from-patients-at-an-equine-referral-hospital
#4
I M Leon, S D Lawhon, K N Norman, D S Threadgill, N Ohta, J Vinasco, H M Scott
Although Salmonella enterica can produce life-threatening colitis in horses, certain serotypes are more commonly associated with clinical disease. Our aim was to evaluate the proportional morbidity attributed to different serotypes, as well as phenotypic and genotypic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of Salmonella isolated from patients at an equine referral hospital in the southern United States. Two-hundred-fifty-five Salmonella isolates were obtained from clinical samples of patients admitted to the hospital between 2007 and 2015...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598998/world-health-organisation-classification-of-lymphoid-tumours-in-veterinary-and-human-medicine-a-comparative-evaluation-of-gastrointestinal-lymphomas-in-61-cats
#5
B Wolfesberger, A Fuchs-Baumgartinger, V Greß, S E Hammer, G Gradner, K Knödl, A Tichy, B C Rütgen, C Beham-Schmid
To diagnose and classify the various entities of lymphomas, the World Health Organisation (WHO) classification is applied in human as well as in veterinary medicine. We validated the concordance of these classification systems by having a veterinary and human pathologist evaluate gastrointestinal lymphoma tissue from 61 cats. In 59% of all cases, there was a match between their respective diagnoses of the lymphoma subtype. A complete consensus between the two evaluators was obtained for all samples with a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, T-cell anaplastic large cell lymphoma and extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577253/antimicrobial-susceptibility-testing-by-australian-veterinary-diagnostic-laboratories
#6
L Y Hardefeldt, M Marenda, H Crabb, M A Stevenson, J R Gilkerson, H Billman-Jacobe, G F Browning
BACKGROUND: The national strategy for tackling antimicrobial resistance highlights the need for antimicrobial stewardship in veterinary practice and for surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility in veterinary pathogens. Diagnostic laboratories have an important role in facilitating both of these processes, but it is unclear whether data from veterinary diagnostic laboratories are similar enough to allow for compilation and if there is consistent promotion of appropriate antimicrobial use embedded in the approaches of different laboratories to susceptibility testing...
April 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575744/evaluation-of-information-presented-within-soft-tissue-sarcoma-histopathology-reports-in-the-united-states-2012-2015
#7
A M Livaccari, L E Selmic, J K Reagan, E A Driskell, M T Cray, L M Lamoureux, L D Garrett
Despite the existence of the American College of Veterinary Pathology guidelines for tumour biopsy specimens, anecdotally the authors' have seen inconsistency of reporting of information on the pathology report for canine soft tissue sarcomas (STSs). If crucial aspects are not reported this can result in slower or impeded patient care. This retrospective study evaluated 255 STS histopathology reports submitted from across the United States. Reports were evaluated by a single observer to assess for information contained in 5 main categories: patient history and signalment, gross and microscopic description, grading, histologic margins and the comments section...
March 25, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547926/causes-of-death-in-military-working-dogs-during-operation-iraqi-freedom-and-operation-enduring-freedom-2001-2013
#8
Laura Miller, Gerardo J Pacheco, Jud C Janak, Rose C Grimm, Nicole A Dierschke, Janice Baker, Jean A Orman
Background: Military working dogs (MWDs) are a major asset in the theater of operations. Their unique abilities make them ideal for tasks such as tracking, patrol, and scent detection. MWDs deployed to a war zone are exposed to harsh environments and battlefield dangers that increase their risk of disease, injuries, and death. Although canines have been used extensively in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), no published studies have reported detailed causes of death among MWDs deployed to these conflicts...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529958/a-survey-of-vaccine-history-in-german-cats-and-owners-attitudes-to-vaccination
#9
Anne-Claire Gehrig, Katrin Hartmann, Felix Günther, André Klima, Gabriele Habacher, Michèle Bergmann
Objectives Vaccination is the most important measure for prevention of feline infectious diseases. Cat owner compliance with vaccination recommendations has been investigated in the UK but not in other European countries. The aim of the present study was to determine cat owners' attitudes towards vaccination in cats in Germany, to identify factors that are associated with the vaccination status of their cats and to compare the results with those of the UK survey. Methods The survey was conducted using an online questionnaire and was aimed at respondents throughout Germany...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528172/survey-of-the-prevalence-and-methodology-of-quality-assurance-for-b-mode-ultrasound-image-quality-among-veterinary-sonographers
#10
Larry P Hoscheit, Hock Gan Heng, Chee Kin Lim, Hsin-Yi Weng
Image quality in B-mode ultrasound is important as it reflects the diagnostic accuracy and diagnostic information provided during clinical scanning. Quality assurance programs for B-mode ultrasound systems/components are comprised of initial quality acceptance testing and subsequent regularly scheduled quality control testing. The importance of quality assurance programs for B-mode ultrasound image quality using ultrasound phantoms is well documented in the human medical and medical physics literature. The purpose of this prospective, cross-sectional, survey study was to determine the prevalence and methodology of quality acceptance testing and quality control testing of image quality for ultrasound system/components among veterinary sonographers...
May 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517162/intraocular-pressure-reference-intervals-in-eyes-of-clinically-normal-miniature-donkeys-equus-africanus-asinus
#11
Carla D Hibbs, Paul M Barrett, D Dustin Dees
PURPOSE: To determine intraocular pressure (IOP) reference intervals in eyes of healthy miniature donkeys (Equus africanus asinus) via rebound and applanation tonometry. METHODS: Complete ophthalmic and physical examinations were performed by board-certified veterinary ophthalmologists. Inclusion criteria for animals participating in this study were dictated by the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) reference interval guidelines. Intraocular pressure estimates (TonoVet® and TonoPen XL® ) were obtained in both eyes...
March 8, 2018: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513907/hematology-ris-for-captive-and-wild-arabian-sand-gazelles-gazella-subgutturosa-marica-of-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#12
Gian Lorenzo D'Alterio, Chris Barichievy, William Macasero
BACKGROUND: The Arabian Sand Gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa marica, Thomas, 1897) has been extirpated throughout the Arabian Peninsula. Captive breeding and reintroduction for conservation purposes require veterinary support and the use of hematology RIs. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to establish hematological RIs for the Arabian Sand Gazelle. METHODS: Blood from 231 clinically healthy captive and 22 wild (reintroduced) Arabian Sand Gazelles were sampled...
March 7, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461162/an-online-survey-of-small-animal-veterinarians-regarding-current-fluid-therapy-practices-in-dogs-and-cats
#13
Kate Hopper, Alejandro Garcia Rojas, Linda Barter
OBJECTIVE To determine common fluid therapy practices of small animal practitioners and identify fluid therapy-related knowledge gaps that may benefit from improved educational efforts, targeted research, or both. DESIGN Online survey. SAMPLE 1,496 small animal veterinarians PROCEDURES An online survey was provided to members of the Veterinary Information Network between December 23, 2013, and January 30, 2014. The survey consisted of 24 questions investigating the administration of crystalloid and synthetic colloid solutions, but not blood products, and focused primarily on the choice of fluid type, frequency of administration, type of patient treated with fluids, treatment with fluids subcutaneously versus IV, and potassium supplementation of fluids...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457248/duty-hours-restriction-for-our-surgical-trainees-an-ethical-obligation-or-a-bad-idea
#14
REVIEW
Christopher A Adin, Callie A Fogle, Steven L Marks
To ensure patient safety and protect the well-being of interns and residents, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) issued guidelines in 2003 limiting the working hours of physician trainees. Although many supported the goals of the ACGME, institutions struggled to restructure their programs and hire staff required by this unfunded mandate. Numerous studies have analyzed the effects of duty hours restrictions on patient outcomes and physician training over the past 15 years. Most agree that duty hours restrictions improved well-being of house officers, but these improvements came at the expense of continuity, and patient hand-offs led to medical errors...
April 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408407/antimicrobial-susceptibility-survey-on-bacterial-agents-of-canine-and-feline-urinary-tract-infections-weight-of-the-empirical-treatment
#15
Elisa Rampacci, Marco Bottinelli, Valentina Stefanetti, Doreene R Hyatt, Elisa Sgariglia, Mauro Coletti, Fabrizio Passamonti
OBJECTIVES: This work characterizes the antimicrobial susceptibility of uropathogens isolated from empirically treated dogs and cats. Within-household transmission of uropathogens can involve humans and companion animals. Knowledge on the prevalence and susceptibility pattern of isolates from canine and feline urine samples and the impact of prior antimicrobial treatment is important to prevent the dissemination of antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted selecting antibiotically treated companion animals...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406078/the-reporting-characteristics-of-bovine-respiratory-disease-clinical-intervention-trials-published-prior-to-and-following-publication-of-the-reflect-statement
#16
Sarah C Totton, Jonah N Cullen, Jan M Sargeant, Annette M O'Connor
The goal of the REFLECT Statement (Reporting guidElines For randomized controLled trials in livEstoCk and food safeTy) (published in 2010) was to provide the veterinary research community with reporting guidelines tailored for randomized controlled trials for livestock and food safety. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of REFLECT Statement reporting of items 1-19 in controlled trials published in journals between 1970 and 2017 examining the comparative efficacy of FDA-registered antimicrobials against naturally acquired BRD (bovine respiratory disease) in weaned beef calves in Canada or the USA, and to compare the prevalence of reporting before and after 2010, when REFLECT was published...
February 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400634/the-development-of-an-interactive-computer-based-training-program-for-timely-and-humane-on-farm-pig-euthanasia
#17
Caitlyn R Mullins, Monique D Pairis-Garcia, Magnus R Campler, Raymond Anthony, Anna K Johnson, Grahame J Coleman, Jean-Loup Rault
With extensive knowledge and training in the prevention, management, and treatment of disease conditions in animals, veterinarians play a critical role in ensuring good welfare on swine farms by training caretakers on the importance of timely euthanasia. To assist veterinarians and other industry professionals in training new and seasoned caretakers, an interactive computer-based training program was created. It consists of three modules, each containing five case studies, which cover three distinct production stages (breeding stock, piglets, and wean to grower-finisher pigs)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395142/effects-of-reduced-intramammary-antimicrobial-use-during-the-dry-period-on-udder-health-in-dutch-dairy-herds
#18
A Vanhoudt, K van Hees-Huijps, A T M van Knegsel, O C Sampimon, J C M Vernooij, M Nielen, T van Werven
Dry cow therapy (DCT) in the Netherlands changed from mainly blanket to selective antimicrobial DCT. This transition was supported by a national guideline, with the individual somatic cell count (SCC) at the last milk recording before dry-off as the main selection criterion for antimicrobial DCT. The aim of this retrospective observational study is to evaluate the SCC dynamics during the dry period at the herd and individual dry period level following the national transition from mainly blanket to selective antimicrobial DCT...
April 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387833/restricting-the-use-of-antibiotics-in-food-producing-animals-and-its-associations-with-antibiotic-resistance-in-food-producing-animals-and-human-beings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Karen L Tang, Niamh P Caffrey, Diego B Nóbrega, Susan C Cork, Paul E Ronksley, Herman W Barkema, Alicia J Polachek, Heather Ganshorn, Nishan Sharma, James D Kellner, William A Ghali
Background: Antibiotic use in human medicine, veterinary medicine, and agriculture has been linked to the rise of antibiotic resistance globally. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarise the effect that interventions to reduce antibiotic use in food-producing animals have on the presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in animals and in humans. Methods: On July 14, 2016, we searched electronic databases (Agricola, AGRIS, BIOSIS Previews, CAB Abstracts, MEDLINE, Embase, Global Index Medicus, ProQuest Dissertations, Science Citation Index) and the grey literature...
November 2017: Lancet. Planetary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375087/clinical-outcome-of-canine-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-following-the-recover-clinical-guidelines-at-a-japanese-nighttime-animal-hospital
#20
Koudai Kawase, Hazuki Ujiie, Motonori Takaki, Kazuto Yamashita
A set of evidence-based consensus guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in dogs and cats (RECOVER guidelines) was published in 2012. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of CPR performed according to those guidelines in dogs. A total of 141 dogs with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) were identified and underwent CPR between January 2012 and December 2015 at the Sapporo Nighttime Animal Hospital. CPR was performed according to no-consensus traditional veterinary CPR procedures in 68 dogs (TRADITIONAL group), and according to the RECOVER guidelines in 73 dogs (RECOVER group)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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