keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

veterinary guidelines

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157372/prevalence-of-antimicrobial-resistance-from-bacterial-culture-and-susceptibility-records-from-horse-samples-in-south-africa
#1
John K Chipangura, Thireshni Chetty, Marcia Kgoete, Vinny Naidoo
The continuous increase in prevalence of antimicrobial resistant bacteria presents a significant public health problem and is an indicator that antimicrobial prudent usage guidelines are not being followed, especially in developing countries. Despite trends being available from numerous countries, there is little published for South Africa. This study was aimed at estimating the prevalence and trends of antimicrobial resistance from bacterial isolates from equine clinical samples submitted for culture and susceptibility testing to the veterinary bacteriology laboratory of the University of Pretoria...
December 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124058/implementation-of-a-regional-training-program-on-african-swine-fever-as-part-of-the-cooperative-biological-engagement-program-across-the-caucasus-region
#2
Marco De Nardi, Anaïs Léger, Tatul Stepanyan, Bagrat Khachatryan, Talgat Karibayev, Igor Sytnik, Samat Tyulegenov, Assel Akhmetova, Serhiy Nychyk, Mykola Sytiuk, Oleg Nevolko, Roman Datsenko, Tengiz Chaligava, Lasha Avaliani, Otar Parkadze, Lena Ninidze, Natia Kartskhia, Tsira Napetvaridze, Zviad Asanishvili, Demna Khelaia, Ioseb Menteshashvili, Meruzhan Zadayan, Lyudmila Niazyan, Nataliya Mykhaylovska, Bradford Raymond Brooks, Gulnara Zhumabayeva, Saltanat Satabayeva, Magda Metreveli, Theresa Gallagher, Richard Obiso
A training and outreach program to increase public awareness of African swine fever (ASF) was implemented by Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Ministries of Agriculture in Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Ukraine. The implementing agency was the company SAFOSO (Switzerland). Integration of this regional effort was administered by subject matter experts for each country. The main teaching effort of this project was to develop a comprehensive regional public outreach campaign through a network of expertise and knowledge for the control and prevention of ASF in four neighboring countries that experience similar issues with this disease...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119445/guidelines-for-bacteriophage-product-certification
#3
Alan Fauconnier
Following decades in the wilderness, bacteriophage therapy is now appearing as a credible antimicrobial strategy. However, this reemerging therapy does not rekindle without raising sensitive regulatory concerns. Indeed, whereas the European regulatory framework has been basically implemented to tackle ready-to-use pharmaceuticals produced on a large scale, bacteriophage therapy relies on a dynamic approach requiring a regulation on personalized medicine, nonexistent at present. Because of this, no guideline are currently available for addressing the scientific and regulatory issues specifically related to phage therapy medicinal products (PTMP)...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102325/surveillance-for-control-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#4
REVIEW
Evelina Tacconelli, Frangiscos Sifakis, Stephan Harbarth, Remco Schrijver, Maaike van Mourik, Andreas Voss, Mike Sharland, Nithya Babu Rajendran, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
Antimicrobial resistance poses a growing threat to public health and the provision of health care. Its surveillance should provide up-to-date and relevant information to monitor the appropriateness of therapy guidelines, antibiotic formulary, antibiotic stewardship programmes, public health interventions, infection control policies, and antimicrobial development. In Europe, although the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network provides annual reports on monitored resistant bacteria, national surveillance efforts are still fragmented and heterogeneous, and have substantial structural problems and issues with laboratory data...
October 25, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102120/antimicrobial-resistance-in-clinical-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-companion-animals-in-australia
#5
Sugiyono Saputra, David Jordan, Tahlia Mitchell, Hui San Wong, Rebecca J Abraham, Amanda Kidsley, John Turnidge, Darren J Trott, Sam Abraham
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Escherichia coli have become a major public health concern to both humans and animal health. While the frequency of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in clinical E. coli is monitored regularly in human medicine, current frequency of AMR in companion animals remains unknown in Australia. In this study we conducted antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) and where possible, determined potential risk factors for MDR infection among 883 clinical Escherichia coli isolated from dogs (n=514), cats (n=341) and horses (n=28)...
November 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076657/safety-profile-of-a-replication-deficient-human-adenovirus-vectored-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotype-a24-subunit-vaccine-in-cattle
#6
J Barrera, D A Brake, B J Kamicker, C Purcell, R Kaptur, T Schieber, K Lechtenberg, T D Miller, D Ettyreddy, D E Brough, B T Butman, M Colby, J G Neilan
The safety of a replication-deficient, human adenovirus-vectored foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotype A24 Cruzeiro capsid-based subunit vaccine (AdtA24) was evaluated in five independent safety studies. The target animal safety studies were designed in compliance with United States (U.S.) regulatory requirements (Title 9, U.S. Code of Federal Regulation [9CFR]) and international standard guidelines (VICH Topic GL-44) for veterinary live vaccines. The first three studies were conducted in a total of 22 vaccinees and demonstrated that the AdtA24 master seed virus (MSV) was safe, did not revert to virulence and was not shed or spread from vaccinees to susceptible cattle or pigs...
October 27, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076241/oncolytic-reovirus-therapy-pilot-study-in-dogs-with-spontaneously-occurring-tumours
#7
C C Hwang, M Igase, M Sakurai, T Haraguchi, K Tani, K Itamoto, T Shimokawa, M Nakaichi, Y Nemoto, S Noguchi, M Coffey, M Okuda, T Mizuno
Oncolytic virotherapy is a novel treatment involving replication-competent virus in the elimination of cancer. We have previously reported the oncolytic effects of reovirus in various canine cancer cell lines. This study aims to establish the safety profile of reovirus in dogs with spontaneously occurring tumours and to determine a recommended dosing regimen. Nineteen dogs with various tumours, mostly of advanced stages, were treated with reovirus, ranging from 1.0 × 10(8) to 5.0 × 10(9) TCID50 given as intratumour injection (IT) or intravenous infusion (IV) daily for up to 5 consecutive days in 1 or multiple treatment cycles...
October 27, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045600/development-and-validation-of-a-stability-indicating-reversed-phase-uplc-uv-method-for-the-assay-of-imidacloprid-and-estimation-of-its-related-compounds
#8
Jingzhi Tian, Abu Rustum
Imidacloprid is used as an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) in veterinary drugs to control fleas and ticks for dogs and cats. Here we are reporting for the first time a validated stability-indicating reversed-phase UPLC-UV method for the assay of imidacloprid and estimation of its related compounds. The stability-indicating capability of this method has been demonstrated by a forced degradation study. All related compounds including processing impurities, imidacloprid API and degradates from stressed samples were well separated from each other...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatographic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982970/cold-block-of-in-vitro-eyeblink-reflexes-evidence-supporting-the-use-of-hypothermia-as-an-anesthetic-in-pond-turtles
#9
Joyce Keifer, Zhaoqing Zheng
Use of hypothermia as a means of anesthesia for amphibians and reptiles is prohibited by agencies that establish veterinary guidelines. This has recently been called into question by members of the scientific community based on reviews of published literature. Using pond turtles (Trachemys scripta elegans), hypothermia as a method for anesthesia to precede euthanasia by decapitation was assessed. Turtles were subjected to hypothermia using a cooling followed by freezing protocol. Body temperature measurements ranged between -1 to -2°C while core body temperature was -1°C...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965673/european-society-of-veterinary-cardiology-screening-guidelines-for-dilated-cardiomyopathy-in-doberman-pinschers
#10
REVIEW
G Wess, O Domenech, J Dukes-McEwan, J Häggström, S Gordon
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the most common cardiac disease in large breed dogs and is inherited in Doberman Pinschers with a high prevalence (58%). OBJECTIVE: The European Society for Veterinary Cardiology convened a task force to formulate screening guidelines for DCM in Dobermans. RECOMMENDATIONS: Screening for occult DCM in Dobermans should start at three years of age and use both Holter monitoring and echocardiography...
October 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960128/dog-ownership-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-veterinary-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Virginia K Corrigan, Bess J Pierce, Kathy Hosig
The primary objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between dog ownership and physical activity in veterinary students. The secondary objective was to gain an understanding of veterinary students' health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and whether dog ownership and/or physical activity were associated with HRQOL measures. Veterinary students were invited to complete surveys between September and November 2015. The primary outcome for multivariate analyses was self-reported physical activity...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929101/current-trends-in-volume-replacement-therapy-and-the-use-of-synthetic-colloids-in-small-animals-an-internet-based-survey-2016
#12
Ivayla D Yozova, Judith Howard, Nadja E Sigrist, Katja-Nicole Adamik
The use of synthetic colloids (SCs), particularly hydroxyethyl starch (HES), in people has changed in recent years following new evidence raising concerns about their efficacy and safety. Although fluid therapy guidelines for small animals are often extrapolated from human medicine, little information exists on current practice in veterinary medicine. The objective of the present study was to investigate current fluid selection, use of plasma volume expanders including SCs, and recent changes in their use in small animal practice...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920802/summer-and-winter-vitamin-d3-levels-in-seven-platyrrhine-species-housed-at-a-british-zoo-with-reference-to-natural-uvb-levels
#13
Rowena Killick, Richard Saunders, Sharon P Redrobe
Serum samples were collected from 24 platyrrhines of seven diurnal species housed with outdoor access at Bristol Zoo Gardens (United Kingdom) to test 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3) levels as part of the veterinary department's preventative health care program. Samples were collected in August 2008 (summer) and January 2009 (winter) to examine the effect of season on 25OHD3 levels. Dietary levels of vitamin D3 remained the same throughout the study period and fell within the range of 2000-4000 IU/kg dry matter, in accordance with current primate guidelines...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916525/role-of-the-gastrointestinal-microbiota-in-small-animal-health-and-disease
#14
REVIEW
Alana Redfern, Jan Suchodolski, Albert Jergens
There is a large and emerging interest in the role of the gastrointestinal microbiota in health and disease. This paper serves to review the current knowledge and recommendations of the gastrointestinal microbiota in health and gastrointestinal disease. Further, this review evaluates the current literature and suggests guidelines for faecal microbial transplantation, a novel therapy for dysbiosis in veterinary medicine.
October 7, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906582/mammalian-msc-from-selected-species-features-and-applications
#15
REVIEW
Christiane Uder, Sandra Brückner, Sandra Winkler, Hans-Michael Tautenhahn, Bruno Christ
Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSC) are promising candidates for cellular therapy of different diseases in humans and in animals. Following the guidelines of the International Society for Cell Therapy, human MSC may be identified by expression of a specific panel of cell surface markers (CD105+, CD73+, CD90+, CD34-, CD14-, or CD11b-, CD79- or CD19-, HLA-DR-). In addition, multiple differentiation potential into at least the osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic lineage is a main criterion for MSC definition...
September 14, 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903765/antimicrobial-resistance-among-pathogenic-bacteria-from-mink-neovison-vison-in-denmark
#16
Nanett Kvist Nikolaisen, Desireé Corvera Kløve Lassen, Mariann Chriél, Gitte Larsen, Vibeke Frøkjær Jensen, Karl Pedersen
BACKGROUND: For proper treatment of bacterial infections in mink, knowledge of the causative agents and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns is crucial. The used antimicrobials are in general not registered for mink, i.e. most usage is "off-label". In this study, we report the patterns of antimicrobial resistance among pathogenic bacteria isolated from Danish mink during the period 2014-2016. The aim of this investigation was to provide data on antimicrobial resistance and consumption, to serve as background knowledge for new veterinary guidelines for prudent and optimal antimicrobial usage in mink...
September 13, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893972/cross-sectional-study-of-antimicrobials-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-by-bovine-veterinary-practitioners-in-australia
#17
Laura Y Hardefeldt, Glenn F Browning, Karin A Thursky, James R Gilkerson, Helen Billman-Jacobe, Mark A Stevenson, Kirsten E Bailey
Antimicrobials are widely used in veterinary practices, but there has been no investigation of antimicrobial classes used or the appropriateness of their use in bovine practice. This study investigated antimicrobial use for surgical prophylaxis in bovine practice in Australia. A cross-sectional study of veterinarian antimicrobial usage patterns was conducted using an online questionnaire. Information solicited included respondent's details, the frequency with which antimicrobials were used for specific surgical conditions (including the dose, timing and duration of therapy) and details of practice antimicrobial use policies and sources of information about antimicrobials...
October 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876990/curriculum-redesign-in-veterinary-medicine-part-i
#18
Kristin P Chaney, Maria L Macik, Jacqueline S Turner, Jodi A Korich, Kenita S Rogers, Debra Fowler, Elizabeth M Scallan, Lisa M Keefe
Curricular review is considered a necessary component for growth and enhancement of academic programs and requires time, energy, creativity, and persistence from both faculty and administration. At Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences (TAMU), the faculty and administration partnered with the university's Center for Teaching Excellence to create a faculty-driven, data-enhanced curricular redesign process. The 8-step process begins with the formation of a dedicated faculty curriculum design team to drive the redesign process and to support the college curriculum committee...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876986/comparing-tolerance-of-ambiguity-in-veterinary-and-medical-students
#19
Jason Hancock, Jennifer A Hammond, Martin Roberts, Karen Mattick
Current guidelines suggest that educators in both medical and veterinary professions should do more to ensure that students can tolerate ambiguity. Designing curricula to achieve this requires the ability to measure and understand differences in ambiguity tolerance among and within professional groups. Although scales have been developed to measure tolerance of ambiguity in both medical and veterinary professions, no comparative studies have been reported. We compared the tolerance of ambiguity of medical and veterinary students, hypothesizing that veterinary students would have higher tolerance of ambiguity, given the greater patient diversity and less well-established evidence base underpinning practice...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857480/principles-for-ethical-treatment-decision-making-in-veterinary-oncology
#20
REVIEW
C Rohrer Bley
Many owners of companion animals with cancer are overwhelmed by having to choose the "right course of action." With the aim of reducing the burden on owners who are forced to act as surrogates for their animals, this work discusses principles that apply to ethical treatment decision-making for animal patients with cancer. Four principles frequently used for ethical decision-making in human medicine will be considered for their potential applicability in veterinary medicine. As a result of these considerations, preliminary guidelines are presented, along which a decision-making discussion can be held...
August 31, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
keyword
keyword
104628
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"