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caloric test vhit

K X Xu, T S Chen, W Wang, S S Li, Q Liu, C Wen, X Han, P Lin
Objective: To evaluate semicircular canal damage and its frequency characteristics in Meniere disease patients. Methods: Sixty-seven Meniere disease patients accepted the video-head impulse test(vHIT)which responses to semicircular canal function of high frequency area, head shaking test(HST) which responses to semicircular canal function of middle frequency area, and caloric test(CT) which responses to semicircular canal function of low frequency area.Preferences were recorded including the video head impulse test gain (vHIT-G), head shaking nystagmus (HSN) and parameters of the unilateral weakness (UW) as observation index, and results of all the three tests were analyzed according to Meniere disease patients...
March 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Myung Hoon Yoo, Chan Joo Yang, Shin Ae Kim, Marn Joon Park, Joong Ho Ahn, Jong Woo Chung, Hong Ju Park
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of methylprednisolone in vestibular neuritis (VN) by objective and subjective measures. This prospective controlled randomized study was conducted at one tertiary hospital. Twenty-nine VN patients were randomized to either the steroid (n = 15) or the control (n = 14) group. The steroid group received methylprednisolone for 2 weeks, whereas control patients did not; both groups underwent regular vestibular exercises and were prescribed a Ginkgo biloba...
April 8, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Pona Park, Joo Hyun Park, Ji Soo Kim, Ja-Won Koo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the lateralization value of video head-impulse test (vHIT) for the diagnosis of vestibulopathy and to analyze cases showing dissociated results with caloric test. METHODS: In total, 19 healthy volunteers and 92 dizzy patients who underwent both a caloric test and a vHIT were enrolled. Patients were divided into two groups depending on their fluctuating pattern of vertigo. The vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain and gain asymmetry (GA) of a vHIT as well as unilateral weakness (UW) and the sum of the slow-phase velocities (SPVs) of warm and cold irrigation of the same side were compared...
January 8, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Woo Seok Kang, Sang Hun Lee, Chan Joo Yang, Joong Ho Ahn, Jong Woo Chung, Hong Ju Park
Vestibular migraine (VM) is one of the most common causes of episodic vertigo. We reviewed the results of multiple vestibular function tests in a cohort of VM patients who were diagnosed with VM according to the diagnostic criteria of the Barany Society and the International Headache Society and assessed the efficacy of each for predicting the prognosis in VM patients. A retrospective chart analysis was performed on 81 VM patients at a tertiary care center from June 2014 to July 2015. Patients were assessed by the video head impulse test (vHIT), caloric test, vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs), and sensory organization test (SOT) at the initial visit and then evaluated for symptomatic improvement after 6 months...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
M Strupp, K Feil, M Dieterich, T Brandt
The leading symptoms of bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP) are postural imbalance and unsteadiness of gait that worsens in darkness and on uneven ground. There are typically no symptoms while sitting or lying under static conditions. A minority of patients also have movement-induced oscillopsia, in particular while walking. The diagnosis of BVP is based on a bilaterally reduced or absent function of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). This deficit is diagnosed for the high-frequency range of the angular VOR by a bilaterally pathologic bedside head impulse test (HIT) and for the low-frequency range by a bilaterally reduced or absent caloric response...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Tatiana Bremova, Siegbert Krafczyk, Stanislavs Bardins, Jörg Reinke, Michael Strupp
We investigated whether vestibular dysfunction may cause or contribute to postural imbalance and falls in patients with Niemann-Pick type C disease (NP-C). Eight patients with NP-C disease and 20 healthy controls were examined using the video-based head impulse test (vHIT) and caloric irrigation to investigate horizontal canal function as well as ocular- and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (o- and cVEMP), and binocular subjective visual vertical estimation (SVV) for otolith function, and static posturography...
November 2016: Journal of Neurology
Jinsei Jung, Michelle J Suh, Sung Huhn Kim
OBJECTIVE: We performed the video head impulse test (vHIT) and caloric test in patients with enlarged vestibular aqueducts (EVA). We compared the results with those found in Ménière's disease (MD) and acute vestibular neuritis to clarify the characteristics of vestibular dysfunction in EVA and to suggest reasons for the discrepancy between the vHIT and caloric tests in endolymphatic hydrops. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. METHODS: Ten patients with EVA and confirmed biallelic SLC26A4 genetic mutations were enrolled...
April 2017: Laryngoscope
Ahmed Mohammed Khater, Pretty O Afifi
OBJECTIVE: The caloric test and the video head-impulse test are diagnostic tools to examine dizzy patients through assessing the function of the semicircular canals. There are major differences between the two tests as regards stimulus characteristics, methodology, and function examined. The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of vHIT in children and adolescents with normal caloric test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This work was performed on 63 patients, but 14 were excluded because of technical problems in the caloric test...
August 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Salman F Alhabib, Issam Saliba
Video head impulse test (vHIT) is a new testing which able to identify the overt and covert saccades and study the gain of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) of each semicircular canal. The aim of this study is to review the clinical use of vHIT in patients with vestibular disorders in different diseases. PubMed and Cochrane databases were searched for all articles that defined vHIT, compared vHIT with another clinical test, and studied the efficacy of vHIT as diagnostic tools with vestibular disease. 37 articles about vHIT were reviewed...
March 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Isaac Tranter-Entwistle, Patrick Dawes, Cynthia L Darlington, Paul F Smith, Nicholas Cutfield
CONCLUSIONS: Although there was a statistically significant relationship between the results of the vHIT and the caloric test, the limited strength of this relationship suggests that, for unilateral vestibular schwannoma (UVS), caloric testing and vHIT may provide complementary information on vestibular function. OBJECTIVE: There is limited information that can be used to determine which of the video head impulse test (vHIT) and caloric test might be better used in the diagnosis and management of UVS...
November 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
John H J Allum, T Cleworth, Flurin Honegger
BACKGROUND: We investigated how response asymmetries and deficit side response amplitudes for head accelerations used clinically to test the vestibular ocular reflex (VOR) are correlated with caloric canal paresis (CP) values. METHODS: 30 patients were examined at onset of an acute unilateral peripheral vestibular deficit (aUPVD) and 3, 6, and 13 weeks later with three different VOR tests: caloric, rotating chair (ROT), and video head impulse tests (vHIT). Response changes over time were fitted with an exponential decay model and compared with using linear regression analysis...
July 2016: Otology & Neurotology
B F van Esch, G E A J Nobel-Hoff, P P G van Benthem, H J van der Zaag-Loonen, Tj D Bruintjes
Caloric testing is considered the 'reference standard' in determining vestibular hypofunction. Recently, the video-head impulse test (vHIT) was introduced. In the current study we aimed to assess the diagnostic value of the vHIT as compared to caloric testing in determining vestibular function. In a cross-sectional study between May 2012 and May 2013, we prospectively analysed patients with dizziness who had completed caloric testing and the vHIT. For the left and right vestibular system we calculated the mean vHIT gain...
November 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Myunggi Moon, Sun O Chang, Min-Beom Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To identify the clinical and laboratory characteristics of bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP) on the video head impulse test (vHIT). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart analysis. METHODS: During 23 months, 1,789 patients with dizziness underwent vHIT in our tertiary referral hospital. Of these patients, 65 (3.6%) patients had bilaterally positive catch-up saccades. Based on the caloric test, 15 (group 1) had bilateral caloric weakness, 13 (group 2) had unilateral caloric weakness, and 37 (group 3) had normal caloric responses on both ears...
January 2017: Laryngoscope
Elodie Chiarovano, Pierre-Paul Vidal, Christophe Magnani, Georges Lamas, Ian S Curthoys, Catherine de Waele
Falls in seniors are a major public health problem. Falls lead to fear of falling, reduced mobility, and decreased quality of life. Vestibular dysfunction is one of the fall risk factors. The relationship between objective measures of vestibular responses and age has been studied. However, the effects of age on vestibular perception during caloric stimulation have not been studied. Twenty senior subjects were included in the study, and separated in two groups: 10 seniors reporting postural instability (PI) and exhibiting absence of vestibular perception when they tested with caloric stimulation and 10 sex- and age-matched seniors with no such problems (controls)...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Mitesh Patel, Qadeer Arshad, Richard Edward Roberts, Hena Ahmad, Adolfo M Bronstein
HYPOTHESIS: As the anterior and posterior semicircular canals are vital to the regulation of gaze stability, particularly during locomotion or vehicular travel, we tested whether the high-velocity vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) of the three ipsilesional semicircular canals elicited by the modified Head Impulse Test would correlate with subjective dizziness or vertigo scores after vestibular neuritis (VN). BACKGROUND: Recovery after acute VN varies with around half reporting persistent symptoms long after the acute episode...
February 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Lingxiao Hou, Taisheng Chen, Kaixu Xu, Wei Wang, Shanshan Li, Qiang Liu, Chao Wen, Yan Cheng, Hui Zhao, Yuanxu Ma, Peng Lin
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the video head impulse tests (vHIT) application values in assessment of the vestibular nerves, function in sudden deafness patients with vertigo. METHODS: There were 60 cases (120 ears) of healthy volunteers as control group, and 182 cases (182 ears) of sudden deafness with vertigo patients as study group. The study group received vHIT and caloric test, and the control group received vHIT. Functions of vestibular superior and inferior nerves were analyzed by the gains of vHIT and the nystagmus, s unilateral weakness of caloric test, with SPSS17...
September 2015: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Holger A Rambold
This retrospective study examines acute unilateral vestibular failure (up to seven days after onset) with modern vestibular testing (caloric irrigation and video-head-impulse test, vHIT) in 54 patients in order to test if the short-term outcome of the patients depends on the lesion pattern defined by the two tests. Patients were grouped according to a pathological unilateral caloric weakness without a pathological vHIT: group I; additional a pathological vHIT of the lateral semicircular canal (SCC): group II; and an additional pathological vHIT of the anterior SCC: group III...
2015: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Jaume Redondo-Martínez, Carmen Bécares-Martínez, Miguel Orts-Alborch, Francisco Javier García-Callejo, Tomás Pérez-Carbonell, Jaime Marco-Algarra
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The caloric test is the gold standard for the loss of vestibular function diagnosis. The Video Head Impulse Test (vHIT) assesses the same reflex by using a video- assisted examination of the impulsive maneuver. We intend to compare the variation of results of the vHIT and the caloric test in patients with vestibular neuritis with respect to their initial condition at two different moments of their evolution and to check the level of correlation between them and with that of the DHI test METHODS: We explored 20 patients with neuritis by using both vHIT and the caloric test on the same day...
May 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
M H Yoo, S H Kim, J Y Lee, C J Yang, H S Lee, H J Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Maxime Maheu, Marie-Soleil Houde, Simon P Landry, François Champoux
Balance disorders are common issues for aging populations due to the effects of normal aging on peripheral vestibular structures. These changes affect the results of vestibular function evaluations and make the interpretation of these results more difficult. The objective of this article is to review the current state of knowledge of clinically relevant vestibular measures. We will first focus on otolith function assessment methods cervical-VEMP (cVEMP) and ocular-VEMP (oVEMP), then the caloric and video-head impulse test (vHIT) methods for semicircular canals assessment...
2015: Frontiers in Neurology
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