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Multiple sclerosis AND pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049356/treatment-satisfaction-with-injectable-disease-modifying-therapies-in-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-the-stick-study
#1
Oscar Fernández, Eduardo Duran, Teresa Ayuso, Luis Hernández, Inmaculada Bonaventura, Mireia Forner
BACKGROUND: Treatment satisfaction in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) may impact adherence and thus clinical outcomes. The objective of this study was to measure the satisfaction of patients with RRMS with injectable disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) and to evaluate the factors associated with treatment satisfaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this observational retrospective study conducted in the neurology departments of 35 hospitals throughout Spain, demographic data, disease characteristics, and information on treatment with injectable DMTs were collected at a single scheduled visit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046802/tuberous-sclerosis-associated-renal-angiomyolipoma-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Canbin Lin, Lu Jin, Yu Yang, Yu Ding, Xionghui Wu, Liangchao Ni, Shangqi Yang, Yongqing Lai
In the general population, tuberous sclerosis-associated renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) is a rare benign hamartoma with potentially life-threatening complications and a poor prognosis. The two patients reported in the present study, who were diagnosed with bilateral RAML and spontaneous rupture of the RAML with tuberous sclerosis, presented with flank pain, abdominal pain, hemorrhage, hematuria and multiple lesions. The two cases are representative examples of the disease, and highlight the importance of determining the risk of acute hemorrhage in the early stages, and the significance of timely and proper treatment...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042375/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-interventions-for-management-of-chronic-central-neuropathic-pain-a-scoping-review-protocol
#3
Mei Lin Chen, Lin Yao, Jennifer Boger, Kathryn Mercer, Benjamin Thompson, Ning Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Pain can affect people regardless of age, gender or ethnicity. Chronic central neuropathic pain (CCNP) is a debilitating condition that affects populations such as stroke survivors, amputees, spinal cord injury patients and patients with multiple sclerosis, with prevalence rates between 30% and 80%. This condition can be caused by a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system. CCNP is notoriously drug resistant, and few effective CCNP treatment or management strategies exist...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041817/supratentorial-lesions-contribute-to-trigeminal-neuralgia-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Kilian Fröhlich, Klemens Winder, Ralf A Linker, Tobias Engelhorn, Arnd Dörfler, De-Hyung Lee, Max J Hilz, Stefan Schwab, Frank Seifert
Background It has been proposed that multiple sclerosis lesions afflicting the pontine trigeminal afferents contribute to trigeminal neuralgia in multiple sclerosis. So far, there are no imaging studies that have evaluated interactions between supratentorial lesions and trigeminal neuralgia in multiple sclerosis patients. Methods We conducted a retrospective study and sought multiple sclerosis patients with trigeminal neuralgia and controls in a local database. Multiple sclerosis lesions were manually outlined and transformed into stereotaxic space...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034533/efficacy-tolerability-and-safety-of-cannabis-based-medicines-for-chronic-pain-management-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#5
REVIEW
W Häuser, F Petzke, M-A Fitzcharles
Medicinal cannabis has already entered mainstream medicine in some countries. This systematic review (SR) aimed at evaluating the efficacy, acceptability and safety of cannabis-based medicines for chronic pain management. Qualitative systematic review of SRs of randomized controlled trials with cannabis-based medicines for chronic pain management. The Cochrane databases of SRs, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects and PubMed were searched for SR published in the period January 2009 to January 2017. Assessment of the methodological quality of SR was performed by the AMSTAR checklist...
October 15, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987615/improving-the-quality-of-depression-and-pain-care-in-multiple-sclerosis-using-collaborative-care-the-ms-care-trial-protocol
#6
Dawn M Ehde, Kevin N Alschuler, Mark D Sullivan, Ivan P Molton, Marcia A Ciol, Charles H Bombardier, Mary C Curran, Kevin J Gertz, Annette Wundes, Jesse R Fann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based pharmacological and behavioral interventions are often underutilized or inaccessible to persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have chronic pain and/or depression. Collaborative care is an evidence-based patient-centered, integrated, system-level approach to improving the quality and outcomes of depression care. We describe the development of and randomized controlled trial testing a novel intervention, MS Care, which uses a collaborative care model to improve the care of depression and chronic pain in a MS specialty care setting...
October 4, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984619/the-therapeutic-use-of-non-invasive-brain-stimulation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-review
#7
Rosa Iodice, Fiore Manganelli, Raffaele Dubbioso
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system and a leading cause of disability in young adults. Many disabling symptoms in MS, such as spasticity, pain, depression and cognitive deficits are not fully controlled by drug treatment. Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques can be used as tools for modulating altered cortical excitability and plasticity MS patients, providing an improvement in disabling symptoms affecting such patients...
2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972890/stereotactic-radio-surgery-and-radio-frequency-rhizotomy-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-single-institution-experience
#8
Marshall T Holland, Nahom Teferi, Jennifer Noeller, Andrea Swenson, Mark Smith, John Buatti, Patrick W Hitchon
OBJECTIVES: For patients with medically unresponsive trigeminal neuralgia (TN), surgical options include micro vascular decompression (MVD), radiofrequency rhizotomy (RF), and stereotactic radio surgery (SRS). Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating condition that can be associated with TN, but is not amenable to treatment with MVD. We sought to identify the outcome differences of patients with TN in MS undergoing SRS or RFR in an attempt to identify factors that may influence outcomes...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965161/pharmacological-inhibition-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome-as-a-potential-target-for-multiple-sclerosis-induced-central-neuropathic-pain
#9
Nemat Khan, Andy Kuo, David A Brockman, Matthew A Cooper, Maree T Smith
The NOD-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple diseases including neuroinflammation associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). However, the extent to which NLRP3 has a pathobiological role in MS-associated central neuropathic pain (CNP) is unknown. Hence, the present study was designed to address this issue using an optimised relapsing-remitting experimental encephalomyelitis (RR-EAE)-mouse model of MS-associated neuropathic pain...
September 30, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929471/-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-cannabidiol-in-the-treatment-of-spasticity-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-clinical-experience
#10
C Grao-Castellote, F Torralba-Collados, L M Gonzalez, M Giner-Pascual
INTRODUCTION: Spasticity in chronic spinal cord injury is a condition that can have negative repercussions on the patient's quality of life. Its treatment is complex and sometimes the outcome is insufficient. Cannabinoids have recently been used in multiple sclerosis to successfully treat spasticity that is refractory to other therapies. AIM: To quantify the clinical response of a group of patients with spastic chronic spinal cord injury to the orally administered drug delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-cannabidiol (Sativex ®) as medication for use in special situations...
October 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928713/pain-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-associations-with-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-fatigue-depression-anxiety-and-mental-health-quality-of-life
#11
Claudia H Marck, Alysha M De Livera, Tracey J Weiland, Pia L Jelinek, Sandra L Neate, Chelsea R Brown, Keryn L Taylor, Fary Khan, George A Jelinek
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) often experience pain, which can interfere with mobility, employment, and quality of life (QOL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study explored associations between pain, demographic, disease, and modifiable lifestyle factors in an international sample of people with MS recruited online. RESULTS: Substantial pain, of moderate/severe intensity and interfering at least moderately with work/household or enjoyment of life in the past 4 weeks, was reported by 682/2,362 (28...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926157/evaluation-of-a-palliative-and-hospice-care-telephone-hotline-for-severely-affected-multiple-sclerosis-patients-and-their-caregivers
#12
Julia Strupp, Bernadette Groebe, Andrea Knies, Michaela Mai, Raymond Voltz, Heidrun Golla
BACKGROUND: Palliative and hospice care (PHC) still highly focus on cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To connect severely affected Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients and caregivers to PHC, a nationwide hotline was implemented facilitating access to PHC. METHODS: The hotline was designed in cooperation with the German Multiple Sclerosis Society. Self-disclosed information given by callers was documented using case report forms supplemented by personal notes...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922053/distribution-and-function-of-voltage-gated-sodium-channels-in-the-nervous-system
#13
Jun Wang, Shao-Wu Ou, Yun-Jie Wang
Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are the basic ion channels for neuronal excitability, which are crucial for the resting potential and the generation and propagation of action potentials in neurons. To date, at least nine distinct sodium channel isoforms have been detected in the nervous system. Recent studies have identified that voltage-gated sodium channels not only play an essential role in the normal electrophysiological activities of neurons but also have a close relationship with neurological diseases...
September 18, 2017: Channels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915856/exercise-prescription-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-potential-benefits-and-practical-recommendations
#14
Farzin Halabchi, Zahra Alizadeh, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Maryam Abolhasani
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can result in significant mental and physical symptoms, specially muscle weakness, abnormal walking mechanics, balance problems, spasticity, fatigue, cognitive impairment and depression. Patients with MS frequently decrease physical activity due to the fear from worsening the symptoms and this can result in reconditioning. Physicians now believe that regular exercise training is a potential solution for limiting the reconditioning process and achieving an optimal level of patient activities, functions and many physical and mental symptoms without any concern about triggering the onset or exacerbation of disease symptoms or relapse...
September 16, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913819/emergency-neurologic-life-support-spinal-cord-compression
#15
Kristine H O'Phelan
There are many causes of acute myelopathy including multiple sclerosis, systemic disease, and acute spinal cord compression (SCC). SCC should be among the first potential causes considered given the significant permanent loss of neurologic function commonly associated with SCC. This impairment can occur over a short period of time, and may be avoided through rapid and acute surgical intervention. Patients with SCC typically present with a combination of motor and sensory dysfunction that has a distribution referable to a spinal level...
September 14, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905370/neuromodulation-and-devices-in-trigeminal-neuralgia
#16
Kevin Weber
PREMISE: Trigeminal neuralgia is a severe facial pain disorder that has been studied for decades. Classical trigeminal neuralgia (CTN) is either idiopathic or caused by neurovascular compression. The related painful trigeminal neuropathies are often secondary to other causes, such as multiple sclerosis or trauma. PROBLEM: Therapies for trigeminal neuralgia and neuropathy have often been pharmacologic or surgical. Pharmacologic therapies are not effective in some cases and often cause side effects, some substantial...
September 14, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904811/which-symptoms-contribute-the-most-to-patients-perception-of-health-in-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Rivka Green, Gary Cutter, Michael Friendly, Ilya Kister
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is a polysymptomatic disease. Little is known about relative contributions of the different multiple sclerosis symptoms to self-perception of health. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between symptom severity in 11 domains affected by multiple sclerosis and self-rated health. METHODS: Multiple sclerosis patients in two multiple sclerosis centers assessed self-rated health with a validated instrument and symptom burden with symptoMScreen, a validated battery of Likert scales for 11 domains commonly affected by multiple sclerosis...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900067/-dimethyl-fumarate-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Masami Tanaka, Yuko Shimizu
At the end of 2016, dimethyl fumarate (DMF) was approved as the sixth disease-modifying drug for multiple sclerosis by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency of Japan. Two randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III studies (DEFINE and CONFIRM) showed beneficial effects in patients in Western countries, with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Some of the benefits included a decreased annual relapse rate, inhibition of disease activity (shown using brain magnetic resonance imaging), and a decreased proportion of patients with confirmed disease progression...
September 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893312/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-four-square-step-test-in-different-adult-populations-a-systematic-review
#19
Martha Moore, Karen Barker
BACKGROUND: The four square step test (FSST) was first validated in healthy older adults to provide a measure of dynamic standing balance and mobility. The FSST has since been used in a variety of patient populations. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine the validity and reliability of the FSST in these different adult patient populations. METHODS: The literature search was conducted to highlight all the studies that measured validity and reliability of the FSST...
September 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882919/a-randomised-controlled-cross-over-double-blind-pilot-study-protocol-on-thc-cbd-oromucosal-spray-efficacy-as-an-add-on-therapy-for-post-stroke-spasticity
#20
Lucio Marinelli, Maurizio Balestrino, Laura Mori, Luca Puce, Gian Marco Rosa, Laura Giorello, Antonio Currà, Francesco Fattapposta, Carlo Serrati, Carlo Gandolfo, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Carlo Trompetto
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the most disabling neurological disorder and often causes spasticity. Transmucosal cannabinoids (tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol (THC:CBD), Sativex) is currently available to treat spasticity-associated symptoms in patients with multiple sclerosis. Cannabinoids are being considered useful also in the treatment of pain, nausea and epilepsy, but may bear and increased risk for cardiovascular events. Spasticity is often assessed with subjective and clinical rating scales, which are unable to measure the increased excitability of the monosynaptic reflex, considered the hallmark of spasticity...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
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