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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928847/anti-angiogenic-effect-of-arsenic-trioxide-in-lung-cancer-via-inhibition-of-endothelial-cell-migration-proliferation-and-tube-formation
#1
Meng-Hang Yang, Ke-Jie Chang, Jin-Cheng Zheng, Hai Huang, Guang-Yuan Sun, Xue-Wei Zhao, Bing Li, Qing-Yu Xiu
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) exhibits a remarkable effect on leukemia treatment; however, its effect on solid tumors remains poorly explored. The present study demonstrated the inhibitory effect of As2O3 on lung cancer and explored its possible mechanism. It was observed that As2O3 significantly inhibited the growth of lung cancer xenografts and tumor angiogenesis in vivo. The inhibitory effect of As2O3 on cell proliferation in vitro was more remarkable in vascular endothelial cells than in lung cancer cells. It was also observed that As2O3 inhibited the migration of vascular endothelial cells and disrupted vascular tube formation on Matrigel assays...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901456/the-antitumor-effects-of-arsenic-trioxide-in-mantle-cell-lymphoma-via-targeting-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-pathway-and-dna-methyltransferase-1
#2
Xin-Yu Li, Ying Li, Lingyan Zhang, Xin Liu, Lili Feng, Xin Wang
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive non‑Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with poor prognosis. The rapid progression and frequently relapse make it urgent to identify therapeutic agents with potent antitumor effect. Increasing evidence indicated that dysregulation of Wnt/β‑catenin pathway and abnormal methylation appeared to promote tumorigenesis. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3, ATO) has been reported effective in many hematologic malignancies in recent studies, however, the mechanism and effects of ATO in MCL still need further research...
September 7, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858082/effects-of-arsenic-trioxide-on-the-expression-of-ezrin-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Wei Lu, Chao Yang, Peng Du, Jun-Li Zhang, Jia-Cheng Zhang
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) treatment on the expression of ezrin and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).A total of 24 patients (20 males and 4 females) with resectable HCC were treated with venous injection of As2O3 for 14 days (10 mg/d) before surgery. The ezrin expression and serum AFP levels were assessed before and after treatment, respectively.The serum AFP levels were 325.5 ng/L before treatment and 278.6 ng/L after treatment, with statistical significant difference (Z = -2...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831476/phenylarsine-oxide-pao-induces-apoptosis-in-hepg2-cells-via-ros-mediated-mitochondria-and-er-stress-dependent-signaling-pathways
#4
Ping Huang, Yu Hua Zhang, Xiao Wei Zheng, Yu Jia Liu, Hong Zhang, Luo Fang, Yi Wen Zhang, Chang Yang, Khairul Islam, Chao Wang, Hua Naranmandura
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is an old drug that has recently been reintroduced as a therapeutic agent for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Although As2O3 is also applied to treat other types of cancer in vitro and in vivo, it has been reported that single agent As2O3 has poor efficacy against non-hematologic malignant cancers in clinical trials. Recently, a few reports have indicated that organic arsenic compounds can be a possible alternative for the treatment of As2O3-resistant cancers. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the organic arsenic compound phenylarsine oxide (PAO) has potent cytotoxic effects against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells...
August 23, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820073/immunomodulatory-role-of-arsenic-on-regulatory-t-cells
#5
Rizwanul Haque, Archana Chaudhary, Nadra Sadaf
Background and objective-Chronic Arsenic (As) exposure continued to be a cause of major problem associated with different kind of diseases including skin problem and different types of cancer. As exposure leads to numerous other pathological conditions that affect millions of people worldwide on a regular basis. It was recently established that As toxicity affects immune system and modulate the function and survival of cells involved in immune regulation. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) was reported to be an effective apoptosis inducer in a variety of cell types...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810083/self-cyclizing-antioxidants-to-prevent-dna-damage-caused-by-hydroxyl-radical
#6
Safnas F AbdulSalam, Purujit N Gurjar, Haizhou Zhu, Emma S Johnson, Jing Liu, Ana Luisa Kadekaro, Julio Landero-Figueroa, Edward Joseph Merino
Antioxidant therapy is a promising treatment strategy to protect DNA from damage caused by reactive oxygen species. Here we report novel self-cyclizing antioxidant reagents that are selective for hydroxyl radical. Our mechanistic investigation revealed that the reagents react with three equivalents of oxidant in a cascading reaction to form a bicyclic final product. Among the reagents synthesized 1c showed favourable properties in vitro and in cellular studies. Using As2O3, which triggers reactive oxygen species production, we showed 1c prevents formation of the guanine oxidation product 2,2,4-triamino-2H-oxazol-5-one-2'-deoxyribonucleoside and lowers levels of cellular reactive oxygen...
August 15, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803342/alleviation-of-arsenic-induced-pulmonary-oxidative-damage-by-gspe-as-shown-during-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-experiments
#7
Meng Wei, Fangming Guo, Dongsheng Rui, Haixia Wang, Gangling Feng, Shugang Li, Guanling Song
A long-term exposure to arsenic may lead to lung damage due to oxidative stress. In this context, GSPE can play a major role as a strong antioxidant. Our study attempted to reveal the connection between arsenic-induced lung injury and the antagonistic effect of GSPE. For this purpose, BEAS-2B cells and Kunming mice were exposed to different dosages of As2O3 and GSPE. Oxidative stress indicators were detected both in vivo and in vitro. Cell survival rate and morphological changes in the lung tissue (H&E staining) were evaluated as well...
August 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756814/grape-seed-procyanidin-extract-reduces-arsenic-induced-renal-inflammatory-injury-in-male-mice
#8
Cheng Wang, Jun Li, Guan Ling Song, Qiang Niu, Shang Zhi Xu, Gang Ling Feng, Hai Xia Wang, Yu Li, Shu Gang Li, Feng Li
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the ability and mechanism by which grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) relieves arsenic trioxide (As2O3)-induced renal inflammatory injury. Therefore, male Kunming mice were treated with As2O3 and/or GSPE by gavage for 5 weeks. Mice were then sacrificed and inflammatory cytokines of kidneys were examined by ELISA, whereas the expression levels of molecules involved in the nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway were evaluated by both qRT-PCR and Western blot. Our results indicate that GSPE prevents As2O3-mediated renal inflammatory injury by inhibiting activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway and inflammatory cytokine production, while promoting expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines...
July 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755286/assessment-of-arsenic-trioxide-toxicity-on-cock-muscular-tissue-alterations-of-oxidative-damage-parameters-inflammatory-cytokines-and-heat-shock-proteins
#9
Si-Wen Li, Ying Guo, Ying He, Xiao Sun, Hong-Jing Zhao, Yu Wang, Ya-Jun Wang, Ming-Wei Xing
To evaluate the toxicity of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) in the muscular tissues (wing, thigh and pectoral) of birds, 72 one-day-old Hy-line cocks were selected and randomly divided into four groups. They were fed either a commercial diet or an arsenic-supplemented diet containing 7.5, 15 or 30 mg/kg As2O3. The experiment lasted for 90 days and the samples of muscular tissues were collected at 30, 60 and 90 days. The results showed that As2O3 exposure significantly lowered the activities of antioxidant enzymes (catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)) and inhibition ability of hydroxyl radicals (OH) and increased the malondialdehyde (MDA) contents...
July 28, 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728119/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-inflammation-correlates-with-calcium-overload-under-arsenic-trioxide-induced-myocardial-damage-in-gallus-gallus
#10
Siwen Li, Yu Wang, Hongjing Zhao, Ying He, Jinglun Li, Guangshun Jiang, Mingwei Xing
Arsenic is a known environmental pollutant and highly hazardous toxin to human health. Due to the biological accumulation, arsenic produces a variety of cardiovascular diseases. However, the exact mechanism is still unclear. Here, our objective was to evaluate myocardial damage and determine the potential mechanism under arsenic exposure in chickens. Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) (1.25 mg/kg BW, corresponding 15 mg/kg feed) was administered as basal diet to male Hy-line chickens (one-day-old) for 4, 8 and 12 weeks...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712407/-detection-and-clinical-significance-of-pml-protein-expression-of-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-cells
#11
Mei Song, Xiumei Wu, Mei Zhang, Pengcheng He
Objective To study the expression patterns of promyelocytic leukemia (PML) protein at different stages of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and investigate the effects that the arsenical, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and chemotherapeutic drugs on PML protein expression patterns. Methods The bone marrow cells of 42 APL patients, NB4 cells and MR2 cells were collected and treated separately with 1 μmol/L arsenic trioxide (As2O3), 1 μmol/L tetra-arsenic tetra-sulfide (As4S4), 1 μmol/L ATRA, 10 mg/L cytosine arabinoside, and 1 mg/L homoharringtonine...
July 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695742/human-regulatory-protein-ki-1-57-is-a-target-of-sumoylation-and-affects-pml-nuclear-body-formation
#12
Ângela Saito, Edmarcia E Souza, Fernanda C Costa, Gabriela V Meirelles, Kaliandra A Gonçalves, Marcos T Santos, Gustavo C Bressan, Mark E McComb, Catherine E Costello, Stephen A Whelan, Jörg Kobarg
Ki-1/57 is a nuclear and cytoplasmic regulatory protein first identified in malignant cells from Hodgkin's lymphoma. It is involved in gene expression regulation on both transcriptional and mRNA metabolism levels. Ki-1/57 belongs to the family of intrinsically unstructured proteins and undergoes phosphorylation by PKC and methylation by PRMT1. Previous characterization of its protein interaction profile by yeast two-hybrid screening showed that Ki-1/57 interacts with proteins of the SUMOylation machinery, the SUMO E2 conjugating enzyme UBC9 and the SUMO E3 ligase PIAS3, which suggested that Ki-1/57 could be involved with this process...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686804/smart-human-serum-albumin-as2-o3-nanodrug-with-self-amplified-folate-receptor-targeting-ability-for-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-treatment
#13
Yongbo Peng, Zilong Zhao, Teng Liu, Xiong Li, Xiaoxiao Hu, Xiaoping Wei, Xiaobing Zhang, Weihong Tan
Arsenic trioxide (ATO, As2 O3 ) is currently used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia. However, expanding its use to include high-dose treatment of other cancers is severely hampered by serious side effects on healthy organs. To address these limitations, we loaded ATO onto folate (FA)-labeled human serum albumin (HSA) pretreated with glutathione (GSH) based on the low pH- and GSH-sensitive arsenic-sulfur bond, and we termed the resulting smart nanodrug as FA-HSA-ATO. FA-HSA-ATO could specifically recognize folate receptor-β-positive (FRβ+) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells, resulting in more intracellular accumulation of ATO...
August 28, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678748/the-antitumor-effect-of-arsenic-trioxide-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-is-enhanced-by-andrographolide
#14
Xuhua Duan, Tengfei Li, Xinwei Han, Jianzhuang Ren, Pengfei Chen, Hao Li, Shaojun Gong
High concentrations of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) are used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia and solid tumors, with negative side effects to normal cells. Andrographolide is a traditional Chinese medicine that exerts anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-virus, and anti-diabetic effects. Here, we tested the effects of combined andrographolide with As2O3 against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We found that by increasing apoptosis, andrographolide synergistically enhanced the anti-tumor effects of As2O3 in HepG2 cells in vitro and in vivo...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666216/assessment-of-28-trace-elements-and-17-amino-acid-levels-in-muscular-tissues-of-broiler-chicken-gallus-gallus-suffering-from-arsenic-trioxide
#15
Si-Wen Li, Ying He, Hong-Jing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juan-Juan Liu, Yi-Zhi Shao, Jing-Lun Li, Xiao Sun, Li-Na Zhang, Ming-Wei Xing
The contents of 28 trace elements, 17 amino acid were evaluated in muscular tissues (wings, crureus and pectoralis) of chickens in response to arsenic trioxide (As2O3). A total of 200 one-day-old male Hy-line chickens were fed either a commercial diet (C-group) or an As2O3 supplement diet containing 7.5mg/kg (L-group), 15mg/kg (M-group) or 30mg/kg (H-group) As2O3 for 90 days. The elements content was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Under As2O3 exposure, the concentration of As were elevated 8...
June 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623310/one-pot-synthesis-of-geas-ultrafine-particles-from-coal-fly-ash-by-vacuum-dynamic-flash-reduction-and-inert-gas-condensation
#16
Lingen Zhang, Zhenming Xu
Ge-monopnictides (GeAs) plays critical role in high-tech industry, especially in the field of advanced optical devices and infrared. As a secondary material, coal fly ash could be further recycled to retrieve germanium and prepare GeAs material with high added values. Hence, the aim of this paper is to propose a one-pot synthesis that uses vacuum flash reduction and inert-gas consolidation method to prepare GeAs ultrafine particles. Germanium in coal fly ash can be successfully recycled; simultaneously, GeAs ultrafine particles were prepared...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611353/determination-of-arsenic-and-lead-in-single-hair-strands-by-laser-ablation-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#17
Ruxin Luo, Xiaohong Su, Weicong Xu, Sujing Zhang, Xianyi Zhuo, Dong Ma
The purpose of this study was to develop matrix-matched hair standards and a LA-ICP-MS technique for determination of the As and Pb in a single human hair using single spot scan mode. These results could subsequently be used to infer when the element entered the body. This study was conducted in two parts. First, a method was developed and validated for the elemental analysis of hair by LA-ICP-MS. A calibration strategy in LA-ICP-MS was developed using prepared matrix-matched laboratory hair standards doped with analytes of interest at a defined concentration...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583123/arsenic-affects-inflammatory-cytokine-expression-in-gallus-gallus-brain-tissues
#18
Xiao Sun, Ying He, Ying Guo, Siwen Li, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Jingyu Zhang, Mingwei Xing
BACKGROUND: The heavy metal arsenic is widely distributed in nature and posses a serious threat to organism's health. However, little is known about the arsenic-induced inflammatory response in the brain tissues of birds and the relationship and mechanism of the inflammatory response. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of dietary arsenic on the expression of inflammatory cytokines in the brains of Gallus gallus. RESULTS: Seventy-two 1-day-old male Hy-line chickens were divided into a control group, a low arsenic trioxide (As2O3)-treated (7...
June 5, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565807/arsenic-trioxide-increases-expression-of-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1-gene-and-inhibits-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-jurkat-cells
#19
Yan Wang, Zunsong Wang, Hong Li, Wenwei Xu, Lin Dong, Yan Guo, Saran Feng, Kehong Bi, Chuansheng Zhu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the demethylation effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on the secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) gene and its ability to inhibit the Wingless-type MMTV integration site family (WNT) pathway in Jurkat cells. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the CpG island methylation status of the SFRP1 gene in leukemia cell lines. In addition, the effects on Jurkat cells of treatment with different concentrations of As2O3 for 48 h were investigated...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521025/mechanism-of-as2o3-induced-action-potential-prolongation-and-using-hips-cms-to-evaluate-the-rescue-efficacy-of-drugs-with-different-rescue-mechanism
#20
Meng Yan, Lifang Feng, Yanhui Shi, Junnan Wang, Yan Liu, Fengmei Li, Baoxin Li
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) has been verified as a breakthrough in the management of acute promyelocytic leukemia in recent decades. However, cardiotoxicity, especially long QT syndrome (LQTS) has become the most important issue during As2O3 treatment. The characterized mechanisms behind this adverse effect are inhibition of cardiac hERG channel trafficking and increase of cardiac calcium currents. In our study, we found a new pathway underlying As2O3-induced cardiotoxicity that As2O3 accelerates lysosomal degradation of hERG on plasma membrane after using brefeldin A (BFA) to block protein trafficking...
August 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
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