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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779175/anthocyanins-improve-hippocampus-dependent-memory-function-and-prevent-neurodegeneration-via-jnk-akt-gsk3%C3%AE-signaling-in-lps-treated-adult-mice
#1
Muhammad Sohail Khan, Tahir Ali, Min Woo Kim, Myeung Hoon Jo, Jong Il Chung, Myeong Ok Kim
Microglia plays a critical role in the brain and protects neuronal cells from toxins. However, over-activation of microglia leads to deleterious effects. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been reported to affect neuronal cells via activation of microglia as well as directly to initiate neuroinflammation. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effect of anthocyanins against LPS-induced neurotoxicity in an animal model and in cell cultures. Intraperitoneal injections of LPS (250 μg/kg/day for 1 week) induce ROS production and promote neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration which ultimately leads to memory impairment...
May 19, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779118/change-in-kidney-function-after-unilateral-adrenalectomy-in-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism-identification-of-risk-factors-for-decreased-kidney-function
#2
Il Young Kim, In Seong Park, Min Jeong Kim, Miyeun Han, Harin Rhee, Eun Young Seong, Dong Won Lee, Soo Bong Lee, Ihm Soo Kwak, Sang Heon Song, Hyun Chul Chung
PURPOSE: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has been reported to decrease after unilateral adrenalectomy in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). The aim of this study was to identify clinical predictors for decreased GFR after adrenalectomy in patients with PA. METHODS: The records of 187 patients (98 patients with PA and 89 with non-PA adrenal disease) who were followed up for at least 6 months after unilateral adrenalectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Estimated GFR (eGFR) was investigated at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively...
May 19, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778943/prognostic-significance-of-serum-cystatin-c-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-according-to-lipid-component-levels
#3
Zhengbao Zhu, Chongke Zhong, Tian Xu, Aili Wang, Yanbo Peng, Tan Xu, Hao Peng, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Jinchao Wang, Qunwei Li, Deqin Geng, Yingxian Sun, Yongqiu Li, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Serum cystatin C (CysC) is associated with the risk of ischemic stroke and may predict cardiovascular events and death after ischemic stroke onset. However, the association between serum CysC and functional outcome in ischemic stroke patients remains unclear, and whether lipid component level influences the relationship between them has not been studied. METHODS: A total of 3348 ischemic patients from China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke were included in the study...
May 17, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778748/protein-kinases-are-involved-in-the-cardioprotective-effects-activated-by-platelet-glycoprotein-iib-iiia-inhibitor-tirofiban-at-reperfusion-in-rats-in-vivo
#4
Shih-Tai Chang, Ya-Ting Yang, Chi-Ming Chu, Kuo-Li Pan, Jen-Te Hsu, Ju-Feng Hsiao, Yu-Sheng Lin, Chang-Min Chung
The thrombolytic effect of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors) in myocardial infarction has been well established. Nevertheless, data on the mechanism of the cardioprotective effect of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors in ischemic-reperfusion injury (IR) are lacking. Sprague-Dawley rats received 120min of coronary ischemia and 180min of reperfusion. A GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor was given via continuous intravenous infusion at a rate of 2 ug/kg/min 30min prior to reperfusion with/without inhibitors of PKCε (chelerythrine), PI3 kinase and Akt (wortmannin), p38 MAPK (SB203582), p42/44 MAPK (PD98059) and ERK1/2 (u0126) 15min prior to the GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor...
May 17, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778553/effects-of-non-thermal-plasma-on-sandblasted-titanium-dental-implants-in-beagle-dogs
#5
Yi-Wen Hung, Hui-Ling Chen, Li-Tsu Lee, Kwong-Chung Tung, Da-Tain Bau, Yong-Kie Wong
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated the effects of treating dental implants made from titanium with argon based non-thermal plasma, immediately before insertion on implant stability and bone formation. Biodegradable sandblasting and acid etching had been previously used to modify the surface of the implants. METHODS: To obtain data for 4-time points in triplicate with references, a total of 36 dental implants were divided into 2 groups; 18 implants served as the experimental group and received a spray containing non-thermal plasma, while the other 18 implants served as controls...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778551/differences-of-risk-factors-and-clinical-presentations-in-male-and-female-taiwanese-individuals-with-barrett-s-esophagus
#6
Shou-Wu Lee, Han-Chung Lien, Chi-Sen Chang, Chung-Hsin Chang, Chung-Wang Ko, Hong-Zen Yeh
BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a disorder more often found in obese men. Differences between the two genders are not known in the Asian countries. Here, we studied their gender differences in the Taiwanese population in terms of risk factors and clinical presentations. METHODS: Data from Taichung Veteran General Hospital were prospectively collected during an approximately two year-period (October 2012 to December 2014). Patients all underwent endoscopic surveillance, and BE was diagnosed based on the typical pattern of intestinal metaplasia...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778548/risk-factors-of-the-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-in-aging-uremia-patients-under-regular-hemodialysis
#7
Xi-Hsuan Lin, Chung-Chi Lin, Yuan-Jen Wang, Jiing-Chyuan Luo, Shih-Hao Young, Ping-Hsien Chen, Ming-Chih Hou, Fa-Yauh Lee
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that uremia patients under hemodialysis (HD) have a significantly higher occurrence of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) than healthy controls and that elderly patients remain at high risk of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and PUB. Here we aimed to identify the risk factors for PUB in aging (≥65-years-old) uremic patients under regular HD. METHODS: Using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan, we compared 18,252 aging regular HD patients and 17,883 age-, gender-, and medication-matched patients without kidney disease (control group)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778275/quantifying-the-effects-of-16p11-2-copy-number-variants-on-brain-structure-a-multisite-genetic-first-study
#8
Sandra Martin-Brevet, Borja Rodríguez-Herreros, Jared A Nielsen, Clara Moreau, Claudia Modenato, Anne M Maillard, Aurélie Pain, Sonia Richetin, Aia E Jønch, Abid Y Qureshi, Nicole R Zürcher, Philippe Conus, Wendy K Chung, Elliott H Sherr, John E Spiro, Ferath Kherif, Jacques S Beckmann, Nouchine Hadjikhani, Alexandre Reymond, Randy L Buckner, Bogdan Draganski, Sébastien Jacquemont
BACKGROUND: 16p11.2 breakpoint 4 to 5 copy number variants (CNVs) increase the risk for developing autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, and language and cognitive impairment. In this multisite study, we aimed to quantify the effect of 16p11.2 CNVs on brain structure. METHODS: Using voxel- and surface-based brain morphometric methods, we analyzed structural magnetic resonance imaging collected at seven sites from 78 individuals with a deletion, 71 individuals with a duplication, and 212 individuals without a CNV...
March 27, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777655/long-term-outcomes-in-systemic-sclerosis-associated-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-from-the-pulmonary-hypertension-assessment-and-recognition-of-outcomes-in-scleroderma-registry-pharos
#9
Kathleen D Kolstad, Shufeng Li, Virginia Steen, Lorinda Chung
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a leading cause of death in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). The purpose of this study was to assess long-term outcomes in patients with SSc-PAH. METHODS: Pulmonary Hypertension Assessment and Recognition of Outcomes in Scleroderma is a prospective registry of SSc patients at high risk for or with incident pulmonary hypertension based on right heart catheterization (RHC). Incident World Health Organization Group I PAH patients were analyzed...
May 16, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777547/tacrolimus-induced-asymptomatic-thrombotic-microangiopathy-diagnosed-by-laboratory-tests-in-pig-to-rhesus-corneal-xenotransplantation-a-case-report
#10
Jong-Min Kim, Jaeyoung Kim, Se-Hyun Choi, Jun-Seop Shin, Byoung-Hoon Min, Won Young Jeong, Ga-Eul Lee, Min-Sun Kim, Seeun Kwon, Mee Kum Kim, Chung-Gyu Park
Tacrolimus-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a rare complication. TA-TMA is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and organ damage due to thrombus. We report asymptomatic TA-TMA diagnosed by laboratory tests in pig-to-rhesus corneal xenotransplantation. Corneal transplantation had been conducted from a wild-type SNU miniature pig to a rhesus macaque. The veterinary records were retrospectively reviewed in this case. The immunosuppressive regimen consisted of rituximab, basiliximab, and IVIg as inductive therapies, and steroids with tacrolimus (0...
May 18, 2018: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777487/factors-affecting-the-public-awareness-and-behavior-on-antibiotic-use
#11
Kyungmin Huh, Doo Ryeon Chung, So Hyun Kim, Sun Young Cho, Young Eun Ha, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck, Jae-Hoon Song
To evaluate the effects of demographic and perceptive factors on the knowledge, perception, and behavior regarding antibiotic use in the general public, we conducted three serial telephone interview surveys in 2010, 2012, and 2015. Computer-aided telephone interview was conducted, with a predetermined quota stratified by sex, age, and geographic location. Respondents who answered correctly to four or more questions were categorized as having better knowledge. A total of 3013 respondents participated. Better knowledge was associated with age < 60 years (OR 1...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777134/zebrafish-vcap1x2-regulates-cardiac-contractility-and-proliferation-of-cardiomyocytes-and-epicardial-cells
#12
Fang-Chi Hsieh, Yu-Fen Lu, Ian Liau, Chien-Chang Chen, Chao-Min Cheng, Chung-Der Hsiao, Sheng-Ping L Hwang
Sarcomeric signaling complexes are important to sustain proper sarcomere structure and function, however, the mechanisms underlying these processes are not fully elucidated. In a gene trap experiment, we found that vascular cell adhesion protein 1 isoform X2 (VCAP1X2) mutant embryos displayed a dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype, including reduced cardiac contractility, enlarged ventricular chamber and thinned ventricular compact layer. Cardiomyocyte and epicardial cell proliferation was decreased in the mutant heart ventricle, as was the expression of pAKT and pERK...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777062/brock-malignancy-risk-calculator-for-pulmonary-nodules-validation-outside-a-lung-cancer-screening-population
#13
Kaman Chung, Onno M Mets, Paul K Gerke, Colin Jacobs, Annemarie M den Harder, Ernst T Scholten, Mathias Prokop, Pim A de Jong, Bram van Ginneken, Cornelia M Schaefer-Prokop
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Brock malignancy risk model for pulmonary nodules detected in routine clinical setting. METHODS: In two academic centres in the Netherlands, we established a list of patients aged ≥40 years who received a chest CT scan between 2004 and 2012, resulting in 16 850 and 23 454 eligible subjects. Subsequent diagnosis of lung cancer until the end of 2014 was established through linking with the National Cancer Registry...
May 18, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776864/putaminal-dopamine-depletion-in-de-novo-parkinson-s-disease-predicts-future-development-of-wearing-off
#14
Su Jin Chung, Yoonju Lee, Jungsu S Oh, Jae Seung Kim, Phil Hyu Lee, Young H Sohn
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to investigate whether the level of presynaptic dopamine neuronal loss predicts future development of wearing-off in de novo Parkinson's disease. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included a total of 342 non-demented patients with de novo Parkinson's disease who underwent dopamine transporter positron emission tomography scans at their initial evaluation and received dopaminergic medications for 24 months or longer. Onset of wearing-off was determined based on patients' medical records at their outpatient clinic visits every 3-6 months...
May 10, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776788/next-generation-sequencing-identifies-trpv4-related-skeletal-dysplasia-in-a-boy-with-progressive-bowlegs
#15
Rai-Hseng Hsu, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Ming Chen, I-Fang Chung, Steven Shinn-Forng Peng, Chen-Yang Chen, Wei-Chung Cheng, Yin-Hsiu Chien, Ni-Chung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776668/-fatal-cardiac-tamponade-that-developed-in-the-post-anesthesia-care-unit-a-rare-complication-after-lung-lobectomy
#16
Hyung Mook Lee, Young Jae Jeon, Hye Won Chung, Hyo Min Yun, Mi Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiac tamponade is potentially fatal medical condition, which rarely occurs as a complication of lung lobectomy. We present the first case of cardiac tamponade to develop in a Post-Anesthesia Care Unit following a lung lobectomy. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old man with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma underwent an apparently uncomplicated lung lobectomy. His hemodynamics was unremarkable throughout the surgery and initially in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit...
May 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776428/evidence-of-the-impact-of-systemic-inflammation-on-neuroinflammation-from-a-non-bacterial-endotoxin-animal-model
#17
Chunxia Huang, Michael Garnet Irwin, Gordon Tin Chun Wong, Raymond Chuen Chung Chang
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation induces neuroinflammation and cellular changes such as tau phosphorylation to impair cognitive function, including learning and memory. This study uses a single model, laparotomy without any pathogen, to characterize these changes and their responses to anti-inflammatory treatment in the intermediate term. METHODS: In a two-part experiment, wild-type C57BL/6N mice (male, 3 month old, 25 ± 2 g) were subjected to sevoflurane anesthesia alone or to a laparotomy...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776332/telnet-a-database-for-human-and-yeast-genes-involved-in-telomere-maintenance
#18
Delia M Braun, Inn Chung, Nick Kepper, Katharina I Deeg, Karsten Rippe
BACKGROUND: The ends of linear chromosomes, the telomeres, comprise repetitive DNA sequences in complex with proteins that protects them from being processed by the DNA repair machinery. Cancer cells need to counteract the shortening of telomere repeats during replication for their unlimited proliferation by reactivating the reverse transcriptase telomerase or by using the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathway. The different telomere maintenance (TM) mechanisms appear to involve hundreds of proteins but their telomere repeat length related activities are only partly understood...
May 18, 2018: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775858/when-is-the-right-hemisphere-holistic-and-when-is-it-not-the-case-of-chinese-character-recognition
#19
Harry K S Chung, Jacklyn C Y Leung, Vienne M Y Wong, Janet H Hsiao
Holistic processing (HP) has long been considered a characteristic of right hemisphere (RH) processing. Indeed, holistic face processing is typically associated with left visual field (LVF)/RH processing advantages. Nevertheless, expert Chinese character recognition involves reduced HP and increased RH lateralization, presenting a counterexample. Recent modeling research suggests that RH processing may be associated with an increase or decrease in HP, depending on whether spacing or component information was used respectively...
May 15, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774777/current-research-status-of-palliative-care-in-mainland-china
#20
Tao Wang, Alex Molassiotis, Betty Pui Man Chung, Jing-Yu Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to obtain an overview of the current research status of palliative care in Mainland China and identify research directions for future studies by characterizing palliative care studies conducted among patients with any life-limiting illness in Mainland China and published in a peer-reviewed journal before November 2016. METHODS: A review guide with 7 categories was initially developed based on existing international palliative care definitions and guidelines through content analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
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