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Information audit

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026589/a-retrospective-analysis-of-biochemical-and-haematological-parameters-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#1
Leanne J Barron, Robert F Barron, Jeremy C S Johnson, Ingrid Wagner, Cameron J B Ward, Shannon R B Ward, Faye M Barron, Warren K Ward
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to determine whether levels of biochemical and haematological parameters in patients with eating disorders (EDs) varied from the general population. Whilst dietary restrictions can lead to nutritional deficiencies, specific abnormalities may be relevant to the diagnosis, pathogenesis and treatment of EDs. METHODS: With ethics approval and informed consent, a retrospective chart audit was conducted of 113 patients with EDs at a general practice in Brisbane, Australia...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025839/family-attitudes-actions-decisions-and-experiences-following-implementation-of-deemed-consent-and-the-human-transplantation-wales-act-2013-mixed-method-study-protocol
#2
Jane Noyes, Karen Morgan, Phillip Walton, Abigail Roberts, Leah Mclaughlin, Michael Stephens
INTRODUCTION: The Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013 (the Act) introduced a 'soft opt-out' system of organ donation on 1 December 2015. Citizens are encouraged to make their organ donation decision known during their lifetime. In order to work, the Act and media campaign need to create a context, whereby organ donation becomes the norm, and create a mechanism for people to behave as intended (formally register their decision; consider appointing a representative; convey their donation decision to their families and friends or do nothing-deemed consent)...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022081/surgical-management-and-outcomes-of-12-cases-of-wilms-tumour-with-intracardiac-extension-from-a-single-centre
#3
Sharon G Cox, A Davidson, J Thomas, A Brooks, J Hewitson, A Numanoglu, A J W Millar
PURPOSE: To review demographics, effect of preoperative chemotherapy on tumour thrombus, imaging, operative strategy, and outcomes of 12 patients presenting with intracardiac extension of Wilms tumour thrombus. METHODS: A retrospective audit was undertaken on patients with intracardiac extension of Wilms tumour. Patients were identified from the oncology database and information obtained on clinical presentation, stage, preoperative treatment, surgical procedures and complications, histology, and survival status...
October 11, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021100/the-value-of-endomyocardial-biopsy-in-diagnosis-and-guiding-therapy
#4
Tayyaba Khan, Dinesh Selvakumar, Siddharth Trivedi, Karan Rao, Mehmet Harapoz, Aravinda Thiagalingam, A Robert Denniss, Winny Varikatt
Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is a highly-specialised procedure that is associated with some controversy as to its diagnostic role due to its inconsistency in diagnosing a wide variety of cardiac diseases. Given the advances and sophistication in echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the vast majority of cardiac diseases can be diagnosed by these non-invasive procedures. Under-sampling and the fact that biopsy site is limited to the right side of the interventricular septum further limits its value...
October 8, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017361/haptic-assistive-technologies-for-audition-and-vision-sensory-disabilities
#5
Francesca Sorgini, Renato Caliò, Maria Chiara Carrozza, Calogero Maria Oddo
PURPOSE: The aim of this review is to analyze haptic sensory substitution technologies for deaf, blind and deaf-blind individuals. METHOD: The literature search has been performed in Scopus, PubMed and Google Scholar databases using selected keywords, analyzing studies from 1960s to present. Search on databases for scientific publications has been accompanied by web search for commercial devices. Results have been classified by sensory disability and functionality, and analyzed by assistive technology...
October 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016711/personalized-digital-interventions-showed-no-impact-on-risky-drinking-in-young-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Emma L Davies, Adam J Lonsdale, Sarah E Hennelly, Adam R Winstock, David R Foxcroft
Aim: To assess the effectiveness of two personalized digital interventions (OneTooMany and Drinks Meter) compared to controls. Method: Randomized controlled trial (AEARCTR-0,001,082). Volunteers for the study, aged 18-30, were randomly allocated to one of two interventions or one of two control groups and were followed up 4 weeks later. Primary outcomes were AUDIT-C, drinking harms and pre-loading. Drinks Meter provided participants with brief screening and advice for alcohol in addition to normative feedback, information on calories consumed and money spent...
August 9, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994623/exploring-functional-outcomes-and-allied-health-staffing-levels-in-an-inpatient-paediatric-rehabilitation-unit
#7
Penelope J Ireland, Amanda Francis, Shani Jackman, Kim McLennan
PURPOSE: This study provides data from a paediatric tertiary hospital on the length of stay, functional improvement and allied health workload for children and adolescents on active inpatient rehabilitation programs. METHODS: An audit was conducted of records of patients managed through an inpatient rehabilitation program at a 359 bed tertiary children's hospital in Brisbane, Australia between December 2014 and December 2015. Data relating to diagnosis, length of stay, functional change, occasions of allied health service and hours of patient attributable allied health professional time were collected...
October 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988220/laboratory-performance-of-sweat-conductivity-for-the-screening-of-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Ronda F Greaves, Lisa Jolly, John Massie, Sue Scott, Veronica C Wiley, Michael P Metz, Richard J Mackay
BACKGROUND: There are several complementary English-language guidelines for the performance of the sweat chloride test. These guidelines also incorporate information for the collection of conductivity samples. However, recommendations for the measurement and reporting of sweat conductivity are less clear than for sweat chloride. The aim of the study was to develop an understanding of the testing and reporting practices of sweat conductivity in Australasian laboratories. METHODS: A survey specifically directed at conductivity testing was sent to the 12 laboratories registered with the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Quality Assurance Programs...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988203/firearms-training-what-is-actually-taught
#9
David Hemenway, Steven Rausher, Pina Violano, Toby A Raybould, Catherine W Barber
INTRODUCTION: Firearm safety instructors and public health professionals are natural allies in the quest to prevent firearm injuries. We audited basic firearm classes to provide information that can help familiarise public health professionals and others with the content covered. METHODS: With the advice of expert instructors, we created an audit form. Volunteers audited 20 basic firearm classes in seven north-eastern states. RESULTS: All trainers covered a wide variety of safety issues...
October 7, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981172/quality-of-nursing-documentation-paper-based-health-records-versus-electronic-based-health-records
#10
Laila Akhu-Zaheya, Rowaida Al-Maaitah, Salam Hasan Bany Hani
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the quality of paper-based and electronic-based health records. The comparison examined three criteria: content, documentation process, and structure. BACKGROUND: Nursing documentation is a significant indicator of the quality of patient care delivery. It can be either paper-based or organized within the system known as the Electronic Health Records (EHRs). Nursing documentation must be completed at the highest standards, in order to ensure the safety and quality of health care services...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979826/what-can-i-do-about-a-negative-online-review
#11
Donna Vanderpool
This ongoing column is dedicated to providing information to our readers on managing legal risks associated with medical practice. We invite questions from our readers. The answers are provided by PRMS, Inc. (www.prms.com), a manager of medical professional liability insurance programs with services that include risk management consultation, education and onsite risk management audits, and other resources to healthcare providers to help improve patient outcomes and reduce professional liability risk. The answers published in this column represent those of only one risk management consulting company...
May 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979532/introduction-of-the-identification-situation-background-assessment-recommendations-tool-to-improve-the-quality-of-information-transfer-during-medical-handover-in-intensive-care
#12
Benjamin Ramasubbu, Emma Stewart, Rosalba Spiritoso
OBJECTIVE: To audit the quality and safety of the current doctor-to-doctor handover of patient information in our Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit. If deficient, to implement a validated handover tool to improve the quality of the handover process. METHODS: In Cycle 1 we observed the verbal handover and reviewed the written handover information transferred for 50 consecutive patients in St George's Hospital Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit. For each patient's handover, we assessed whether each section of the Identification, Situation, Background, Assessment, Recommendations tool was used on a scale of 0-2...
February 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979531/time-for-change-a-national-audit-on-bereavement-care-in-intensive-care-units
#13
M Berry, E Brink, V Metaxa
INTRODUCTION: Bereaved ICU family members frequently experience anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder, which have been associated with significantly impaired quality of life. Recognising that their needs extend beyond the support provided by their friends and family, the Intensive Care Society had published in 1998 recommendations around bereavement care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present national audit was to compare bereavement services in England against the nine recommendations set out by the Intensive Care Society guidelines...
February 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976926/environmental-influences-on-physical-activity-among-rural-adults-in-montana-united-states-views-from-built-environment-audits-resident-focus-groups-and-key-informant-interviews
#14
Brian K Lo, Emily H Morgan, Sara C Folta, Meredith L Graham, Lynn C Paul, Miriam E Nelson, Nicolette V Jew, Laurel F Moffat, Rebecca A Seguin
Rural populations in the United States have lower physical activity levels and are at a higher risk of being overweight and suffering from obesity than their urban counterparts. This paper aimed to understand the environmental factors that influence physical activity among rural adults in Montana. Eight built environment audits, 15 resident focus groups, and 24 key informant interviews were conducted between August and December 2014. Themes were triangulated and summarized into five categories of environmental factors: built, social, organizational, policy, and natural environments...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976482/it-s-in-your-hands-an-educational-initiative-to-improve-parent-family-hand-hygiene-compliance
#15
Celeste J Chandonnet, Kristan M Boutwell, Nadine Spigel, Judith Carter, Michele DeGrazia, Al Ozonoff, Kathleen Flaherty
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infections contribute to increased morbidity and mortality, increased resource use, higher costs, and extended hospitalizations. Proper hand hygiene (HH) is essential to health care-associated infection prevention. Low compliance among parents in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was identified and prompted development of an HH initiative. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this quality improvement project was to improve parent HH practices with the ultimate goal of achieving 100% compliance with parent HH...
November 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969656/inadequate-programming-insufficient-communication-and-non-compliance-with-the-basic-principles-of-maternal-death-audits-in-health-districts-in-burkina-faso-a-qualitative-study
#16
Boukaré Congo, Djénéba Sanon, Tieba Millogo, Charlemagne Marie Ouedraogo, Wambi Maurice E Yaméogo, Ziemlé Clement Meda, Seni Kouanda
BACKGROUND: Implementation of quality maternal death audits requires good programming, good communication and compliance with core principles. Studies on compliance with core principles in the conduct of maternal death audits (MDAs) exist but were conducted in urban areas, at the 2nd or 3rd level of the healthcare system, in experimental situations, or in a context of skills-building projects or technical platforms with an emphasis on the review of "near miss". This study aims to fill the gap of evidence on the implementation of MDAs in rural settings, at the first level of care and in the routine care situation in Burkina Faso...
September 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967286/an-audit-of-the-management-of-nicotine-withdrawal-in-an-australian-inpatient-unit-are-we-there-yet
#17
Reena Iyer, David Smith, Sharon Lawn
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports outcomes of a clinical audit of smoke-free policy implementation within an Australian inpatient psychiatric setting. It aimed to evaluate assessment of smoking status and subsequent management of nicotine withdrawal, and investigate any patient factors influencing these processes. METHODS: A total of 67 medical case notes were retrospectively analysed for inpatients admitted to psychiatric units of a general hospital in South Australia, from July to September 2015...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965900/methods-employed-for-chest-radiograph-interpretation-education-for-radiographers-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
L McLaughlin, J McConnell, S McFadden, R Bond, C Hughes
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to determine the strength of evidence available in the literature on the effect of training to develop the skills required by radiographers to interpret plain radiography chest images. KEY FINDINGS: Thirteen articles feature within the review. Sample size varied from one reporting radiographer to 148 radiography students/experienced radiographers. The quality of the articles achieved a mean score of 7.5/10, indicating the evidence is strong and the quality of studies in this field is high...
November 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962632/advancing-the-literature-on-designing-audit-and-feedback-interventions-identifying-theory-informed-hypotheses
#19
Heather L Colquhoun, Kelly Carroll, Kevin W Eva, Jeremy M Grimshaw, Noah Ivers, Susan Michie, Anne Sales, Jamie C Brehaut
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback (A&F) is a common strategy for helping health providers to implement evidence into practice. Despite being extensively studied, health care A&F interventions remain variably effective, with overall effect sizes that have not improved since 2003. Contributing to this stagnation is the fact that most health care A&F interventions have largely been designed without being informed by theoretical understanding from the behavioral and social sciences. To determine if the trend can be improved, the objective of this study was to develop a list of testable, theory-informed hypotheses about how to design more effective A&F interventions...
September 29, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960660/conservative-post-natal-management-of-antenatally-diagnosed-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformations
#20
Allya V Makhijani, Flora Y Wong
AIM: Management of congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) is controversial, especially for asymptomatic patients. We aim to describe the clinical manifestations and management of CPAM at a tertiary paediatric hospital using a retrospective audit. METHODS: Infants with CPAM were identified on the Fetal Diagnostic Unit database from 2007 to 2014. Information on antenatal and post-natal management was collected from medical record. RESULTS: Thirty-five infants with antenatally diagnosed CPAM were included...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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