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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925391/academic-poster-design-at-a-national-conference-a-need-for-standardised-guidance
#1
Alan Gopal, Melody Redman, David Cox, David Foreman, Elizabeth Elsey, Simon Fleming
BACKGROUND: Academic posters are a common means of disseminating information at conferences. Presentation at conferences is frequently given weight in postgraduate training programme recruitment. Some conferences provide guidance for visual presentation of posters. For the Association of the Study of Medical Education (ASME) Annual Scientific Meeting (ASM) 2015, poster abstract guidance was provided; however, the guidance on poster design was limited to size and orientation. The aim of this study was to investigate academic poster quality at a national medical education conference to identify where standards could be promoted and improved...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920085/quality-of-prescribing-of-antipsychotic-medication-for-people-with-intellectual-disability-under-the-care-of-uk-mental-health-services-a-cross-sectional-audit-of-clinical-practice
#2
Carol Paton, Sumera Bhatti, Kiran Purandare, Ashok Roy, Tre Barnes
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and quality of antipsychotic prescribing for people with intellectual disability (ID). DESIGN: A clinical audit of prescribing practice in the context of a quality improvement programme. Practice standards for audit were derived from relevant, evidence-based guidelines, including NICE. Data were mainly collected from the clinical records, but to determine the clinical rationale for using antipsychotic medication in individual cases, prescribers could also be directly questioned...
December 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919594/clinical-audit-and-national-survey-on-the-assessment-of-collateral-circulation-before-radial-forearm-free-flap-harvest
#3
Anwer Abdullakutty, Mandeep S Bajwa, Sonum Patel, Jacob D'Souza
Controversy exists regarding the use of Duplex Ultrasound (DUS) in addition to the Modified Allen's Test (MAT) for the assessment of collateral circulation prior to elevation of the Radial Forearm Free Flap (RFFF). A survey amongst members of BAOMS Head & Neck Oncology Subspecialty Interest Group and a completed local audit was undertaken to assess the need for DUS. Data for the initial audit was collected retrospectively between 2010 and 2013. Both MAT and DUS was performed routinely during this period. The results of the survey and initial audit led to a change in practice and DUS was no longer requested...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919398/what-is-needed-to-implement-a-web-based-audit-and-feedback-intervention-with-outreach-visits-to-improve-care-quality-a-concept-mapping-study-among-cardiac-rehabilitation-teams
#4
Mariëtte M van Engen-Verheul, Niels Peek, Joke A Haafkens, Erik Joukes, Tom Vromen, Monique W M Jaspers, Nicolette F de Keizer
INTRODUCTION: Evidence on successful quality improvement (QI) in health care requires quantitative information from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of QI interventions, but also qualitative information from professionals to understand factors influencing QI implementation. OBJECTIVE: Using a structured qualitative approach, concept mapping, this study determines factors identified by cardiac rehabilitation (CR) teams on what is needed to successfully implement a web-based audit and feedback (A&F) intervention with outreach visits to improve the quality of CR care...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917512/a-re-audit-of-the-technical-quality-of-undergraduate-root-canal-treatment-after-the-introduction-of-new-technology-and-teaching-practices
#5
A Donnelly, D Coffey, H F Duncan
AIM: To revaluate through re-audit the technical quality of undergraduate non-surgical root canal treatment (RCTx) in a dental teaching hospital as a result of recommended changes to teaching practices. METHODOLOGY: The technical quality of undergraduate RCTx was evaluated radiographically after educational changes and the mandatory introduction of new technologies (nickel-titanium files, apex locators, greater-taper gutta-percha points) in 182 root canals. Evaluation was based on 4 criteria; presence of voids, root canal filling termination (0-2mm of radiographic apex), all roots filled and the prepared canal contained the original anatomy...
December 5, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916342/exploring-the-context-for-effective-clinical-governance-in-infection-control
#6
Kate Halton, Lisa Hall, Anne Gardner, Deborough MacBeth, Brett G Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Effective clinical governance is necessary to support improvements in infection control. Historically, the focus has been on ensuring that infection control practice and policy is based on evidence, and that there is use of surveillance and auditing for self-regulation and performance feedback. There has been less exploration of how contextual and organizational factors mediate an infection preventionists (IP's) ability to engage with evidence-based practice and enact good clinical governance...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915368/touch-contingent-visual-motion-perception-tactile-events-drive-visual-motion-perception
#7
Ryo Teraoka, Wataru Teramoto
It has recently been demonstrated that the brain rapidly forms an association between concurrently presented sound sequences and visual motion. Once this association has been formed, the associated sound sequence can drive visual motion perception. This phenomenon is known as "sound-contingent visual motion perception" (SCVM). In the present study, we addressed the possibility of a similar association involving touch instead of audition. In a 9-min exposure session, two circles placed side by side were alternately presented to produce apparent motion in a horizontal direction...
December 3, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909208/evaluation-of-a-national-telemedicine-initiative-in-the-veterans-health-administration-factors-associated-with-successful-implementation
#8
Lauren Stevenson, Sherry Ball, Leah M Haverhals, David C Aron, Julie Lowery
BACKGROUND: The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research was used to evaluate implementation facilitators and barriers of Specialty Care Access Network-Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (SCAN-ECHO) within the Veterans Health Administration. SCAN-ECHO is a video teleconferencing-based programme where specialist teams train and mentor remotely-located primary care providers in providing routine speciality care for common chronic illnesses. The goal of SCAN-ECHO was to improve access to speciality care for Veterans...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909073/accuracy-of-outpatient-service-data-for-activity-based-funding-in-new-south-wales-australia
#9
Esther N Munyisia, David Reid, Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing research on activity-based funding (ABF), there is no empirical evidence on the accuracy of outpatient service data for payment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify data entry errors affecting ABF in two drug and alcohol outpatient clinic services in Australia. METHODS: An audit was carried out on healthcare workers' (doctors, nurses, psychologists, social workers, counsellors, and aboriginal health education officers) data entry errors in an outpatient electronic documentation system...
December 1, 2016: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906923/-out-of-the-frying-pan-but-not-into-the-fire-quantifying-commercial-cosmetic-tanning-services-in-new-zealand-to-inform-endgame-regulation
#10
Bronwen M McNoe, Anthony I Reeder
AIMS: In the context of possible regulation, to quantify and describe: (1) indoor tanning businesses in New Zealand; (2) sunbeds available for sale on Trade Me©. METHOD: In January 2016, we conducted a national audit of businesses potentially providing sunbed services (solariums, beauty-salons, hairdressers, gyms and fitness centres) to assess the availability and cost of indoor tanning services (sunbeds and spray tanning). In addition, Trade Me©, New Zealand's largest auction site for second-hand goods, was monitored for one year to determine whether ex-commercial sunbeds were being sold in the domestic market...
December 2, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902960/optimising-measurement-of-health-related-characteristics-of-the-built-environment-comparing-data-collected-by-foot-based-street-audits-virtual-street-audits-and-routine-secondary-data-sources
#11
Triantafyllos Pliakas, Sophie Hawkesworth, Richard J Silverwood, Kiran Nanchahal, Chris Grundy, Ben Armstrong, Juan Pablo Casas, Richard W Morris, Paul Wilkinson, Karen Lock
The role of the neighbourhood environment in influencing health behaviours continues to be an important topic in public health research and policy. Foot-based street audits, virtual street audits and secondary data sources are widespread data collection methods used to objectively measure the built environment in environment-health association studies. We compared these three methods using data collected in a nationally representative epidemiological study in 17 British towns to inform future development of research tools...
November 27, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895068/impact-of-a-dedicated-cancer-associated-thrombosis-service-on-clinical-outcomes-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-clinical-improvement-exercise
#12
Simon Noble, Nikki Pease, Jessica Sui, James Davies, Sarah Lewis, Usman Malik, Raza Alikhan, Hayley Prout, Annmarie Nelson
OBJECTIVES: Cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT) complex condition, which may present to any healthcare professional and at any point during the cancer journey. As such, patients may be managed by a number of specialties, resulting in inconsistent practice and suboptimal care. We describe the development of a dedicated CAT service and its evaluation. SETTING: Specialist cancer centre, district general hospital and primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with CAT and their referring clinicians...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894784/hospital-admission-in-older-persons-presenting-with-dizziness-in-the-emergency-department
#13
Anna Ekwall, Johanna Schrab, Karolina Runesson, Måns Magnussons
One of the most frequent chief complaints among older persons presenting in the emergency department (ED) is dizziness. Nurses in the ambulance and in the ED play an important role in managing these patients. The challenge in the ED or ambulance is to, with limited diagnostic equipment; decide the correct level of care. The aim of this study was to identify factors that differed between those who were admitted to hospital and those who were not among older persons (65+) presenting in the ED with dizziness. The method was a retrospective journal audit...
November 25, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885679/clinical-auditing-as-an-instrument-for-quality-improvement-in-breast-cancer-care-in-the-netherlands-the-national-nabon-breast-cancer-audit
#14
Annelotte C M van Bommel, Pauline E R Spronk, Marie-Jeanne T F D Vrancken Peeters, Agnes Jager, Marc Lobbes, John H Maduro, Marc A M Mureau, Kay Schreuder, Carolien H Smorenburg, Janneke Verloop, Pieter J Westenend, Michel W J M Wouters, Sabine Siesling, Vivianne C G Tjan-Heijnen, Thijs van Dalen
BACKGROUND: In 2011, the NABON Breast Cancer Audit (NBCA) was instituted as a nation-wide audit to address quality of breast cancer care and guideline adherence in the Netherlands. The development of the NBCA and the results of 4 years of auditing are described. METHODS: Clinical and pathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer or in situ carcinoma (DCIS) and information regarding diagnosis and treatment are collected in all hospitals (n = 92) in the Netherlands...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881274/performance-assessment-of-the-juaboso-district-office-of-the-national-health-insurance-authority
#15
Paul Effah, Kingsley Opoku Appiah, Patience Aseweh Abor
OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of the National Health Insurance Authority (NHIA) in Ghana. METHODS: Using a thorough case study of the Juaboso District Office of the NHIA, this study assessed the community coverage rate, the annual expenditure and income, and the trend of claims payment for the period 2009 to 2012 as well as factors influencing the level of patronage of the National Health Insurance Scheme. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to gather data from the management of the scheme...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881146/evaluation-of-a-large-healthy-lifestyle-program-informing-program-implementation-and-scale-up-in-the-prevention-of-obesity
#16
S L Kozica, C B Lombard, C L Harrison, H J Teede
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Lifestyle Program for women (HeLP-her) is a low-intensity, self-management program which has demonstrated efficacy in preventing excess weight gain in women. However, little is known about the implementation, reach, and sustainability of low-intensity prevention programs in rural settings, where risk for obesity in women is higher than urban settings. We aimed to evaluate a low-intensity healthy lifestyle program delivered to women in a rural setting to inform development of effective community prevention programs...
November 24, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880987/assessing-surgical-research-at-the-teaching-hospital-level
#17
Kate E McBride, Jane M Young, Paul G Bannon, Michael J Solomon
BACKGROUND: To undertake a comprehensive needs assessment to determine the baseline of surgical research activity at a tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia. METHOD: The comprehensive needs assessment comprised three components: a retrospective audit of the hospital ethics committee records to identify surgical research activity; a survey of all 17 surgical departments about the availability of 10 potential research resources and a survey of surgical staff to ascertain perceptions of research culture at the organizational, team and individual levels...
November 23, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875344/patient-centred-hand-hygiene-information-in-orthopaedics-units-an-evidence-based-implementation-project
#18
Arielle Yi Jia Ong, Joanne Tan, Hui Ling Yeo, Mien Li Goh
AIM: This project aimed to improve patients' knowledge on the importance of hand hygiene. It involved providing patients with a patient and family education on the importance of hand hygiene using a patient information leaflet that introduces the rationale of hand hygiene, possible consequences of poor hand hygiene, and the seven steps of hand hygiene. METHODS: This projected used a preimplementation and postimplementation audit strategy using the Joanna Briggs Institute Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System and Getting Research Into Practice programs...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872323/rates-of-sexual-history-taking-and-screening-in-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#19
Alasdair MacRae, Emily Lord, Annabel Forsythe, Jackie Sherrard
A case note audit was undertaken of HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) to ascertain whether national guidelines for taking sexual histories, including recreational drug use and sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening were being met. The notes of 142 HIV-positive men seen in 2015 were available, of whom 85 were MSM. Information was collected regarding sexual history, recreational drug use documentation, sexually transmitted infection screen offer and test results. Seventy-seven (91%) of the MSM had a sexual history documented, of whom 60 (78%) were sexually active...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861707/investigating-antenatal-corticosteroid-clinical-guideline-practice-at-an-organisational-level
#20
Emma L McGoldrick, Julie A Brown, Katie M Groom, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: High-quality, evidence-based guidelines can improve the quality of health care and facilitate standardisation of practice within and across healthcare organisations. Limited information is known regarding existing antenatal corticosteroid (ACS) guideline practices within organisations across Australia and New Zealand. AIMS: To assess existing ACS clinical practice guidelines (CPG). To describe current organisational practice related to the production, implementation and renewal of CPG...
November 15, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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