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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786971/intergenerational-teen-pregnancy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Ning Liu, Simone N Vigod, M Michèle Farrugia, Marcelo L Urquia, Joel G Ray
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the intergenerational association in teenage pregnancy, and whether there is a coupling tendency between a mother and daughter in how their teen pregnancies end, such as an induced abortion (IA) vs. a livebirth. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. POPULATION: 15,097 mothers and their 16,177 daughters. METHODS: Generalized estimating equations generated adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of a daughter experiencing a teen pregnancy in relation to the number of teen pregnancies her mother had...
May 22, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785505/preparing-for-an-insured-old-age-insurance-purchase-and-self-support-in-old-age-in-rural-china
#2
Lihong Shi
This article explores an emerging trend among young and middle-aged rural couples in Northeast China who have purchased recently marketized commercial insurance as a way to prepare for self-support in old age. It discusses how the commercial insurance industry has created a rural elder-care market among a population that traditionally relied on family for support in old age. It also delves into the ways in which the transformations of intergenerational exchange and family structure and a lack of health care access have contributed to the preparation for self-support in old age and have thus fostered the creation of a rural elder-care market for the insurance industry...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784755/intergenerational-associations-of-parent-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-child-health-outcomes
#3
Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Kathryn H Boyle-Steed, Lee M Pachter
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) robustly predict future morbidity and mortality. Researchers are just beginning to investigate intergenerational effects. We hypothesize there are intergenerational associations between parent ACE exposure and worse child health, health behaviors, and health care access and use. METHODS: We linked data from 2 population-based cross-sectional telephone surveys in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that were used to ask parents about their past exposure to ACEs and their child's health, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784233/using-baseline-data-to-predict-chronic-ptsd-48-months-after-mothers-report-intimate-partner-violence-outcomes-for-mothers-and-the-intergenerational-impact-on-child-behavioral-functioning
#4
John Maddoux, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, Nina Fredland, Gene Feder
Worldwide one in three women report intimate partner violence. Many of these women report long term mental health problems, especially PTSD, which is associated with negative problem solving, isolation, somatization, depression, and anxiety. Children are impacted by their exposure to domestic violence and experience internal (i.e., depression, anxiety) and external (i.e., hostility, delinquency) behavioral clinical problems. To predict which women will experience chronic PTSD symptoms, a PTSD predictor tool was developed and applied to PTSD symptom scores four years after 300 mothers with children (age 18 months to 16 years) received assistance for the violence...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#5
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767624/the-maternal-brain-in-women-with-a-history-of-early-life-maltreatment-an-imagination-based-fmri-study-of-conflictual-versus-pleasant-interactions-with-children
#6
Corinne Neukel, Katja Bertsch, Anna Fuchs PhD, Anna-Lena Zietlow, Corinna Reck, Eva Moehler, Romuald Brunner, Felix Bermpohl, Sabine C Herpertz
BACKGROUND: Early-life maltreatment has severe consequences for the affected individual, and it has an impact on the next generation. To improve understanding of the intergenerational effects of abuse, we investigated the consequences of early-life maltreatment on maternal sensitivity and associated brain mechanisms during mother-child interactions. METHODS: In total, 47 mothers (22 with a history of physical and/or sexual childhood abuse and 25 without, all without current mental disorders) took part in a standardized real-life interaction with their 7- to 11-year-old child (not abused) and a subsequent functional imaging script-driven imagery task...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762741/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-health-inequality
#7
Andrea E Willson, Kim M Shuey
Objectives: Empirical investigations of cumulative dis/advantage typically treat health inequality as an intra-individual process rooted in early-life conditions and operating within the span of the individual life course, while literature on processes of intergenerational transmission has historically focused on socioeconomic mobility, largely overlooking health. The current study examines the persistence of work disability across generations and multiple explanations for this relationship, including the role of early life disadvantage, childhood health, educational attainment, and social mobility...
May 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762643/educational-mobility-across-generations-and-depressive-symptoms-over-10-years-among-us-latinos
#8
Julia B Ward, Whitney R Robinson, Brian W Pence, Joanna Maselko, Sandra S Albrecht, Mary N Haan, Allison E Aiello
Few studies have collected intergenerational data to assess the association between educational mobility across multiple generations and offspring depression. Using data from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (1998-2008), we assessed the influence of intergenerational education on depressive symptoms over 10 years among 1,786 Latino individuals (mean age = 70.6 years). Educational mobility was classified: stable-low (low parent/low offspring education), upwardly mobile (low parent/high offspring education), stable-high (high parent/high offspring education), or downwardly mobile (high parent/low offspring education)...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760169/dysbiosis-of-maternal-and-neonatal-microbiota-associated-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Jinfeng Wang, Jiayong Zheng, Wenyu Shi, Nan Du, Xiaomin Xu, Yanming Zhang, Peifeng Ji, Fengyi Zhang, Zhen Jia, Yeping Wang, Zhi Zheng, Hongping Zhang, Fangqing Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The initial colonisation of the human microbiota and the impact of maternal health on neonatal microbiota at birth remain largely unknown. The aim of our study is to investigate the possible dysbiosis of maternal and neonatal microbiota associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to estimate the potential risks of the microbial shift to neonates. DESIGN: Pregnant women and neonates suffering from GDM were enrolled and 581 maternal (oral, intestinal and vaginal) and 248 neonatal (oral, pharyngeal, meconium and amniotic fluid) samples were collected...
May 14, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759003/mothers-history-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-child-behavior-problems-the-mediating-role-of-mothers-helpless-state-of-mind
#10
Linnea Linde-Krieger, Tuppett M Yates
This investigation evaluated a theoretically specified model of associations among mothers' history of child sexual abuse (CSA), a helpless state of mind (SOM) with regard to the mother-child relationship, and increased behavior problems in the next generation. Moreover, we evaluated the moderating influence of child gender on predicted relations between mothers' CSA severity and helpless SOM (i.e., moderated mediation). Participants were 225 biological mother-preschooler dyads (48% female; 46.4% Latinx) drawn from an ongoing, longitudinal study of representation and regulation in child development...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756284/factors-associated-with-atxn2-cag-caa-repeat-intergenerational-instability-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-2
#11
L E Almaguer-Mederos, J M L Mesa, Y González-Zaldívar, D Almaguer-Gotay, D Cuello-Almarales, R Aguilera-Rodríguez, N S Falcón, S Gispert, G Auburger, L Velázquez-Pérez
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by the unstable expansion of a CAG/CAA repeat in the ATXN2 gene, which normally encodes 22 glutamines (Q22). A large study was conducted to characterize the CAG/CAA repeat intergenerational instability in SCA2 families. Large normal alleles (LNA, Q24-31) were significantly more unstable upon maternal transmissions. In contrast, expanded alleles (EA, Q32-750) were significantly more unstable during paternal transmissions, in correlation with repeat length...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754762/developmental-delay-in-communication-among-toddlers-and-its-relationship-to-caregiving-behavior-among-violence-exposed-posttraumatically-stressed-mothers
#12
R Torrisi, E Arnautovic, V C Pointet Perizzolo, M Vital, A Manini, F Suardi, M Gex-Fabry, S Rusconi Serpa, D S Schechter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand if maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) is associated with delayed language development among very young children ("toddlers"). METHODS: Data were collected from 61 mothers and toddlers (ages 12-42 months, mean age = 25.6 months SD = 8.70). Child expressive and receptive language development was assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication subscale (ASQCS) that measures language acquisition...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753434/-suicidal-thoughts-and-suicide-attempts-in-adolescence-among-migrants
#13
Valentina Deriu, Laelia Benoit, Marie Rose Moro, Jonathan Lachal
Migration is an experience with a creative and dynamic potential, but it can also serve to further isolate people. Migrant adolescents and ethnic minorities with a migrant background are particularly vulnerable to suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviour. International studies show a significant prevalence of suicide attempts among migrants and their children. Intergenerational conflicts and the family environment, for example poor communication and lack of parental support, are risk factors for suicidal behaviour in migrant adolescents...
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750268/inferring-and-modeling-inheritance-of-differentially-methylated-changes-across-multiple-generations
#14
Pascal Belleau, Astrid Deschênes, Marie-Pier Scott-Boyer, Mathieu Dalvai, Janice Bailey, Arnaud Droit
High-throughput methylation sequencing enables genome-wide detection of differentially methylated sites (DMS) or regions (DMR). Increasing evidence suggests that treatment-induced DMS can be transmitted across generations, but the analysis of induced methylation changes across multiple generations is complicated by the lack of sound statistical methods to evaluate significance levels. Due to software design, DMS detection was usually made on each generation separately, thus disregarding stochastic effects expected when a large number of DMS is detected in each generation...
May 10, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748642/gestational-oral-low-dose-estradiol-17%C3%AE-induces-altered-dna-methylation-of-cdkn2d-and-psat1-in-embryos-and-adult-offspring
#15
Vera A van der Weijden, Veronika L Flöter, Susanne E Ulbrich
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDC) interfere with the natural hormone balance and may induce epigenetic changes through exposure during sensitive periods of development. In this study, the effects of short-term estradiol-17β (E2) exposure on various tissues of pregnant sows (F0 ) and on day 10 blastocysts (F1 ) were assessed. Intergenerational effects were investigated in the liver of 1-year old female offspring (F1 ). During gestation, sows were orally exposed to two low doses and a high dose of E2 (0.05, 10, and 1000 µg/kg body weight/day)...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744707/intergenerational-transmission-of-work-values-a-meta-analytic-review
#16
Zeynep Cemalcilar, Ekin Secinti, Nebi Sumer
Work values act as guiding principles for individuals' work-related behavior. Economic self-sufficiency is an important predictor for psychological well-being in adulthood. Longitudinal research has demonstrated work values to be an important predictor of economic behavior, and consequently of self-sufficiency. Socialization theories designate parents an important role in the socialization of their children to cultural values. Yet, extant literature is limited in demonstrating the role families play on how youth develop agentic pathways and seek self-sufficiency in transition to adulthood...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740838/the-politics-of-ageing-health-consumers-markets-and-hegemonic-challenge
#17
Brian Salter, Charlotte Salter
In recent years ageing has travelled from the placid backwaters of politics into the mainstream of economic, social and cultural debate. What are the forces that have politicised ageing, creating a sustained opposition to the supply side hegemony of pharmaceuticals, medicine and state which has historically constructed, propagated and legitimised the understanding of ageing as decline in social worth? In addressing this question, the paper develops Gramsci's theory of hegemony to include the potentially disruptive demand side power of consumers and markets...
May 8, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740805/examining-ecological-constraints-on-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-attachment-via-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#18
Marije L Verhage, R M Pasco Fearon, Carlo Schuengel, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Sheri Madigan, Glenn I Roisman, Mirjam Oosterman, Kazuko Y Behrens, Maria S Wong, Sarah Mangelsdorf, Lynn E Priddis, Karl-Heinz Brisch
Parents' attachment representations and child-parent attachment have been shown to be associated, but these associations vary across populations (Verhage et al., 2016). The current study examined whether ecological factors may explain variability in the strength of intergenerational transmission of attachment, using individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis. Analyses on 4,396 parent-child dyads (58 studies, child age 11-96 months) revealed a combined effect size of r = .29. IPD meta-analyses revealed that effect sizes for the transmission of autonomous-secure representations to secure attachments were weaker under risk conditions and weaker in adolescent parent-child dyads, whereas transmission was stronger for older children...
May 9, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734059/intergenerational-pathways-linking-maternal-early-life-adversity-to-offspring-birthweight
#19
Jennifer B Kane, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Anna Maria Siega-Riz
Adverse birth outcomes can lead to problematic long-term outcomes for children, and are also known to transmit socioeconomic disadvantage across generations, thereby amplifying the importance of identifying their social determinants. However, the full set of factors causing adverse birth outcomes remains unknown. Drawing together theory describing intragenerational (life course) processes linking early life adversity to adult health, and intergenerational transmissions of inequality via birthweight, this study tests a chain of risk that originates within early adolescence, impacts young women's risky health behaviors in late adolescence/early adulthood and risky health behaviors during pregnancy, and ultimately decreases offspring's birthweight...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732523/the-emergence-of-an-elder-blaming-discourse-in-twenty-first-century-china
#20
Zhipeng Gao, Katherine Bischoping
To people familiar with Confucian teachings about revering elders, it may be surprising that, over the last decade and a half, a discourse has emerged and spread widely in China in which elders are denigrated as out-of-date and corrupt. Using newspaper articles, commentaries and videos, this paper first traces the emergence of intergenerational conflicts over bus seats, along with related phenomena that have become flashpoints in the new elder-blaming discourse. Second, this paper delineates and challenges popular and academic notions that intergenerational differences in values and dispositions entirely account for intergenerational conflict...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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