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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219837/chronic-maternal-calcium-and-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-deficiency-in-wistar-rats-programs-abnormal-hepatic-gene-expression-leading-to-hepatic-steatosis-in-female-offspring
#1
Sona S Sharma, Nivedita M Jangale, Abhay M Harsulkar, Medha K Gokhale, Bimba N Joshi
Importance of calcium and vitamin D deficiency is well established in adult dyslipidemia. We hypothesized that maternal calcium and vitamin D deficiency could alter offspring's lipid metabolism. Our objective was to investigate the effect of maternal dietary calcium and vitamin D deficiency on lipid metabolism and liver function of the F1 generation offspring. intergenerational calcium-deficient (CaD) and vitamin D-deficient (VDD) models were developed by mating normal male rats with deficient females and continuing maternal-deficient diets through pregnancy and lactation...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218481/an-analysis-of-sibling-correlations-in-health-using-latent-variable-models
#2
Timothy J Halliday, Bhashkar Mazumder
We investigate sibling correlations in youth health status using the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. We do so by estimating the covariance structure of a system of equations in latent variables using methods that have hitherto not been used in the literature on intergenerational transmissions of health. Across a battery of outcomes, we find that between 50 and 60% of health status can be attributed to shared familial or neighborhood characteristics. Taking the principal component across all outcomes, we obtain a sibling correlation of about 53%...
February 20, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212600/persistence-of-social-inequalities-in-modern-welfare-states-explanation-of-a-paradox
#3
Johan P Mackenbach
AIMS: Social-epidemiological explanations of health inequalities usually take the existence of social inequality as a given and ignore the fundamental questions of why social inequality exists in the first place and why it is so persistent. I review here theories of the explanation of social inequality to identify the processes and/or structures responsible for its persistence. METHODS: This paper is a review of the relevant sociological literature. RESULTS: The sociological literature suggests that what persists over long periods of time is not a specific manifestation of social inequality but a 'meta-phenomenon': the fact that there are different social positions, that these social positions give access to different levels of resources in some graded way and that the distribution of individuals over social positions follows rules that create inequalities in the opportunities for achieving a more advantaged social position...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212289/the-effects-of-myo-inositol-and-b-and-d-vitamin-supplementation-in-the-db-mouse-model-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Jasmine F Plows, Florence Budin, Rebecka A M Andersson, Valerie J Mills, Katherine Mace, Sandra T Davidge, Mark H Vickers, Philip N Baker, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Joanna L Stanley
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a growing concern, affecting an increasing number of pregnant women worldwide. By predisposing both the affected mothers and children to future disease, GDM contributes to an intergenerational cycle of obesity and diabetes. In order to stop this cycle, safe and effective treatments for GDM are required. This study sought to determine the treatment effects of dietary supplementation with myo-inositol (MI) and vitamins B2, B6, B12, and D in a mouse model of GDM (pregnant db/+ dams)...
February 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205049/construction-of-potent-recombinant-strain-through-intergeneric-protoplast-fusion-in-endophytic-fungi-for-anticancerous-enzymes-production-using-rice-straw
#5
Mervat Morsy Abbas Ahmed El-Gendy, Salha Hassan Mastour Al-Zahrani, Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed El-Bondkly
Among all fungal endophytes isolates derived from different ethno-medical plants, the hyper-yield L-asparaginase and L-glutaminase wild strains Trichoderma sp. Gen 9 and Cladosporium sp. Gen 20 using rice straw under solid-state fermentation (SSF) were selected. The selected strains were used as parents for the intergeneric protoplast fusion program to construct recombinant strain for prompt improvement production of these enzymes in one recombinant strain. Among 21 fusants obtained, the recombinant strain AYA 20-1, with 2...
February 15, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203082/the-parental-bonding-in-families-of-adolescents-with-anorexia-attachment-representations-between-parents-and-offspring
#6
Laura Balottin, Stefania Mannarini, Maura Rossi, Giorgio Rossi, Umberto Balottin
INTRODUCTION: The attachment theory is widely used in order to explain anorexia nervosa origin, course and treatment response. Nevertheless, very little literature specifically investigated parental bonding in adolescents with anorexia, as well as the parents' own bonding and intergenerational transmission within the family. PURPOSE: This study aims to identify any specific pattern of parental bonding in families of adolescents newly diagnosed with restricting-type anorexia, comparing them to the families of the control group...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202230/intergenerational-transmission-of-enhanced-seizure-susceptibility-after-febrile-seizures
#7
Dengchang Wu, Bo Feng, Yunjian Dai, Xiaohua Wu, Bin Chen, Cenglin Xu, Yangshun Tang, Kang Wang, Shihong Zhang, Shuang Wang, Benyan Luo, Zhong Chen
Environmental exposure early in development plays a role in susceptibility to disease in later life. Here, we demonstrate that prolonged febrile seizures induced by exposure of rat pups to a hyperthermic environment enhance seizure susceptibility not only in these hyperthermia-treated rats but also in their future offspring, even if the offspring never experience febrile seizures. This transgenerational transmission was intensity-dependent and was mainly from mothers to their offspring. The transmission was associated with DNA methylation...
February 8, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199820/a-cycles-breaking-framework-to-disrupt-intergenerational-patterns-of-maltreatment-and-vulnerability-during-the-childbearing-year
#8
Mickey Sperlich, Julia Seng, Healther Rowe, Jane Fisher, Chris Cutherbert, Julie Taylor
We propose a cycles-breaking conceptual framework to guide perinatal research, interventions, and clinical innovations that can prevent or disrupt intergenerational cycles of childhood maltreatment and psychiatric vulnerability. The framework is grounded in literature, clinical observations, team science collaboration, and empirical research from numerous disciplines and is specific to the childbearing year. Adoption of the framework has the potential to speed the progress of research on the social problems of intergenerational childhood maltreatment and psychiatric vulnerability...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191632/from-fathers-to-sons-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-parenting-behavior-among-african-american-young-men
#9
Geoffrey L Brown, Steven M Kogan, Jihyoung Kim
This study examined the intergenerational transmission of fathering among young, African American fathers in rural communities. A sample of 132 African American young men living in the rural South reported on the quality of their relationship with their biological and social fathers in the family of origin, their own involvement with their young children, and relational schemas of close, intimate relationships. Results of path analyses supported the hypothesized mediational model, such that a better relationship with one's biological (but not social) father predicted increased father involvement in the next generation, and this association was partially mediated through positive relational schema after controlling for a range of covariates...
February 13, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187721/assessing-the-link-between-witnessing-inter-parental-violence-and-the-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-bangladesh
#10
Md Jahirul Islam, Mosiur Rahman, Lisa Broidy, Syed Emdadul Haque, Yu Mon Saw, Nguyen Huu Chau Duc, Md Nurruzzaman Haque, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Rafiqul Islam, Md Golam Mostofa
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the influence of witnessing father-to-mother violence on: 1) perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV); and 2) endorsement of attitudes justifying wife beating in Bangladesh. METHODS: This paper used data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey. The analyses were based on the responses of 3374 ever-married men. Exposure to IPV was determined by men's self-reports of witnessing inter-parental violence in childhood...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184149/can-caring-create-prejudice-an-investigation-of-positive-and-negative-intergenerational-contact-in-care-settings-and-the-generalisation-of-blatant-and-subtle-age-prejudice-to-other-older-people
#11
Lisbeth Drury, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J Swift, Ruth A Lamont, Katarina Gerocova
Caring is a positive social act, but can it result in negative attitudes towards those cared for, and towards others from their wider social group? Based on intergroup contact theory, we tested whether care workers' (CWs) positive and negative contact with old-age care home residents (CHRs) predicts prejudiced attitudes towards that group, and whether this generalises to other older people. Fifty-six CWs were surveyed about their positive and negative contact with CHRs and their blatant and subtle attitudes (humanness attributions) towards CHRs and older adults...
January 2017: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182447/intergenerational-consequences-of-adolescent-substance-use-patterns-of-homotypic-and-heterotypic-continuity
#12
Emily L Nadel, Terence P Thornberry
Does substance use run in families? In this article, we examine both homotypic continuity in substance use-the impact of a parent's adolescent substance use on their child's adolescent substance use-and heterotypic continuity-the impact of a parent's adolescent substance use on their child's involvement in other adolescent problem behaviors. The analysis is based on data from the Rochester Youth Development Study (Thornberry, Lizotte, Krohn, Smith, & Porter, 2003) and its intergenerational component, the Rochester Intergenerational Study (Thornberry, 2009)...
February 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182144/-what-are-my-chances-of-developing-copd-if-one-of-my-parents-has-the-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-of-co-occurrence-of-copd-diagnosis-in-parents-and-offspring
#13
REVIEW
Lok Sze Katrina Li, Catherine Paquet, Kylie Johnston, Marie T Williams
INTRODUCTION: Intergenerational associations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been well recognized and may result from genetic, gene environment, or exposure to life course factors. Consequently, adult offspring of parents with COPD may be at a greater risk of developing COPD. The aim of this study was to review the prevalence of co-occurrence of COPD in adult offspring with one or both parents having COPD independent of specific genetic variations. METHODS: In total, five databases were searched for original studies in which prevalence of COPD was reported in both offspring (children) and one or both parents...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181977/a-synthesis-of-coping-experiences-after-infant-death
#14
Deborah Stiffler, Nicole Birch, Hailey Campbell, Deborah Cullen
The purpose of this article was to synthesize qualitative research data that examine parental coping strategies following infant death. This qualitative synthesis found that parents who effectively cope with the death of their infant would continue the bond with the deceased child, have differences in the way they manage their emotions about the loss, and have intergenerational support in the form of family being present, acknowledging the death, performing immediate tasks, and providing helpful information...
March 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181682/social-closure-micro-class-immobility-and-the-intergenerational-reproduction-of-the-upper-class-a-comparative-study
#15
Lucia Ruggera, Carlo Barone
This article assesses how processes of social closure enhance intergenerational immobility in the regulated professions and thus promote persistence at the top of the occupational hierarchy. We compare four European countries (GB, Germany, Denmark and Sweden) that differ considerably in their degree of professional regulation and in their broader institutional arrangements. We run log-linear and logistic regression models on a cumulative dataset based on three large-scale surveys with detailed and highly comparable information at the level of unit occupations...
February 9, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181158/longitudinal-trends-in-childbirth-practices-in-ethiopia
#16
Julianne Weis
Objectives This study examines the influence of women's birth practices on their daughters' location of childbirth in Ethiopia, investigating the importance of intergenerational patterns of care on contemporary birth practices. Methods A qualitative survey of women aged 60 and over in three cities in Ethiopia. Results Nearly all first generation women gave birth at home, but the majority of their daughters give birth in facilities. Perceptions of childbirth practices among both women and their daughters have shifted towards facility births, despite the prevalence of home birth in the previous generation...
February 8, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#17
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165860/emotional-mimicry-of-older-adults-expressions-effects-of-partial-inclusion-in-a-cyberball-paradigm
#18
Isabell Hühnel, Janka Kuszynski, Jens B Asendorpf, Ursula Hess
As intergenerational interactions increase due to an ageing population, the study of emotion-related responses to the elderly is increasingly relevant. Previous research found mixed results regarding affective mimicry - a measure related to liking and affiliation. In the current study, we investigated emotional mimicry to younger and older actors following an encounter with a younger and older player in a Cyberball game. In a complete exclusion condition, in which both younger and older players excluded the participant, we expected emotional mimicry to be stronger for younger vs...
February 6, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163589/development-of-plants-resistant-to-papaya-leaf-distortion-mosaic-virus-by-intergeneric-hybridization-between-carica-papaya-and-vasconcellea-cundinamarcensis
#19
Kazuhiko Tarora, Ayano Shudo, Shinji Kawano, Keiji Yasuda, Hiroki Ueno, Hideo Matsumura, Naoya Urasaki
In this study, we confirmed that Vasconcellea cundinamarcensis resists Papaya leaf distortion mosaic virus (PLDMV), and used it to produce intergeneric hybrids with Carica papaya. From the cross between C. papaya and V. cundinamarcensis, we obtained 147 seeds with embryos. Though C. papaya is a monoembryonic plant, multiple embryos were observed in all 147 seeds. We produced 218 plants from 28 seeds by means of embryo-rescue culture. All plants had pubescence on their petioles and stems characteristic of V...
December 2016: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163044/intergenerational-effects-of-endocrine-disorder-on-metabolism
#20
Rui Cao, Zheng Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: EBioMedicine
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