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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645979/the-2015-middle-childhood-survey-mcs-of-mental-health-and-well-being-at-age-11-years-in-an-australian-population-cohort
#1
Kristin R Laurens, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Sally A Brinkman, Miles Bore, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Maxwell Smith, Allyson Holbrook, Kim M Robinson, Robert Stevens, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Melissa J Green
PURPOSE: The Middle Childhood Survey (MCS) was designed as a computerised self-report assessment of children's mental health and well-being at approximately 11 years of age, conducted with a population cohort of 87 026 children being studied longitudinally within the New South Wales (NSW) Child Development Study. PARTICIPANTS: School Principals provided written consent for teachers to administer the MCS in class to year 6 students at 829 NSW schools (35.0% of eligible schools)...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641374/intergenerational-socioeconomic-mobility-and-adult-depression-the-constances-study
#2
Maria Melchior, Abdelkrim Ziad, Emilie Courtin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Judith van der Waerden
Socioeconomic mobility from childhood onwards may predict depression risk in adulthood. Using data from the nationally representative CONSTANCES study in France (2012-2014, n = 67,057), we assessed the relationship between intergenerational socioeconomic mobility and adult depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale, > = 16 in men, > = 20 in women) and antidepressant use. Socioeconomic position was ascertained by occupational grade (childhood: maternal and paternal measures prior to age 15 years combined; adult: participant own)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639698/definitional-elasticity-in-the-measurement-of-intergenerational-continuity-in-substance-use
#3
Thomas A Loughran, Pilar Larroulet, Terence P Thornberry
Increasingly, three generation studies have investigated intergenerational (IG) continuity and discontinuity in substance use and related problem behaviors. However, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the conceptual definition of continuity or to different types of discontinuity (resilience and escalation) or to measurement sensitivity, which affects not only the magnitudes of observed continuity but also factors that correlate with this linkage. This study uses longitudinal data on 427 parent-child dyads from the Rochester IG Study to study continuity and discontinuity in substance use over ages 14-18...
June 22, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639038/characteristics-predicting-laparoscopic-skill-in-medical-students-nine-years-experience-in-a-single-center
#4
Tsutomu Nomura, Takeshi Matsutani, Nobutoshi Hagiwara, Itsuo Fujita, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Yoshikazu Kanazawa, Hiroshi Makino, Yasuhiro Mamada, Terumichi Fujikura, Masao Miyashita, Eiji Uchida
INTRODUCTION: We introduced laparoscopic simulator training for medical students in 2007. This study was designed to identify factors that predict the laparoscopic skill of medical students, to identify intergenerational differences in abilities, and to estimate the variability of results in each training group. Our ultimate goal was to determine the optimal educational program for teaching laparoscopic surgery to medical students. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, a total of 270 fifth-year medical students were enrolled in this observational study...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635086/attitudes-towards-intergenerational-equity-preliminary-australian-evidence
#5
Hal Kendig, Kate O'Loughlin, Rafat Hussain, Lisa Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626222/the-role-of-epigenetics-in-renal-ageing
#6
REVIEW
Paul G Shiels, Dagmara McGuinness, Maria Eriksson, Jeroen P Kooman, Peter Stenvinkel
An ability to separate natural ageing processes from processes specific to morbidities is required to understand the heterogeneity of age-related organ dysfunction. Mechanistic insight into how epigenetic factors regulate ageing throughout the life course, linked to a decline in renal function with ageing, is already proving to be of value in the analyses of clinical and epidemiological cohorts. Noncoding RNAs provide epigenetic regulatory circuits within the kidney, which reciprocally interact with DNA methylation processes, histone modification and chromatin...
June 19, 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625032/intergenerational-effects-of-maternal-birth-weight-bmi-and-body-composition-during-pregnancy-on-infant-birth-weight-tanjungsari-cohort-study-indonesia
#7
Gaga Irawan Nugraha, Herry Herman, Anna Alisjahbana
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Infant birth weight might be partly contributed to by maternal nutritional status at birth and maternal nutrition during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze intergenerational maternal birth weight, maternal BMI, weight change during pregnancy, and maternal body composition (FM, FFM, and TBW) changes during pregnancy. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the associations between the maternal birth weight and body composition of 94 women and infant birth weight by using multiple regression adjusted for socioeconomic and reproductive history...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618150/impact-of-family-characteristics-by-marital-status-of-cohabitating-adult-children-on-depression-among-korean-older-adults
#8
Juyeong Kim, Young Choi, Jae Woo Choi, Jin Young Nam, Eun-Cheol Park
AIM: To identify the association between different living arrangements of intergenerational household composition and depression in older adults. METHODS: Data from the Korea Longitudinal Study of Aging, the first to fourth waves, were used. Using the first wave as baseline, our analysis included 5046 participants aged ≥60 years with at least one living child. Depression was measured using the 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Factors investigated included living arrangements according to household composition and the marital status of a cohabiting adult child...
June 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617197/chronic-early-life-stress-induced-by-limited-bedding-and-nesting-lbn-material-in-rodents-critical-considerations-of-methodology-outcomes-and-translational-potential
#9
Claire-Dominique Walker, Kevin G Bath, Marian Joels, Aniko Korosi, Muriel Larauche, Paul J Lucassen, Margaret J Morris, Charlis Raineki, Tania L Roth, Regina M Sullivan, Yvette Taché, Tallie Z Baram
The immediate and long term effects of exposure to early life stress (ELS) have been documented in humans and animal models. Even relatively brief periods of stress during the first 10 days of life in rodents can impact later behavioral regulation and the vulnerability to develop adult pathologies, in particular an impairment of cognitive functions and neurogenesis, but also modified social, emotional and conditioned fear responses. The development of preclinical models of ELS exposure allows the examination of mechanisms and testing of therapeutic approaches that are not possible in humans...
June 15, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610754/power-and-ambivalence-in-intergenerational-communication-deciding-to-institutionalize-in-shanghai
#10
Lin Chen
China's tradition of taking care of one's aging parents continues to evolve, as evidenced by the growth in nursing home residents in Shanghai. However, how these families make the decision to institutionalize remains unclear. To fill this gap, this study draws on power relations to examine communication dynamics when oldest-old and their adult children decide to institutionalize. This study used a phenomenological approach. Twelve dyads of matched elderly residents and their children participated in face-to-face, in-depth interviews (N=24)...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607066/socioeconomic-disadvantage-gestational-immune-activity-and-neurodevelopment-in-early-childhood
#11
Stephen E Gilman, Mady Hornig, Akhgar Ghassabian, Jill Hahn, Sara Cherkerzian, Paul S Albert, Stephen L Buka, Jill M Goldstein
Children raised in economically disadvantaged households face increased risks of poor health in adulthood, suggesting that inequalities in health have early origins. From the child's perspective, exposure to economic hardship may begin as early as conception, potentially via maternal neuroendocrine-immune responses to prenatal stressors, which adversely impact neurodevelopment. Here we investigate whether socioeconomic disadvantage is associated with gestational immune activity and whether such activity is associated with abnormalities among offspring during infancy...
June 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599766/plastic-and-immobile-unequal-intergenerational-mobility-by-genetic-sensitivity-score-within-sibling-pairs
#12
Emily Rauscher
Contrary to traditional biological arguments, the differential susceptibility model suggests genotype may moderate rather than mediate parent-child economic similarity. Using family fixed effects models of Add Health sibling data, I investigate the relationship between an index of sensitive genotypes and intergenerational mobility. Full, same sex sibling comparisons hold constant parental characteristics and address the non-random distribution of genotype that reduces internal validity in nationally representative samples...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599310/long-non-coding-rnas-could-act-as-vectors-for-paternal-heredity-of-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#13
Tian An, Teng Zhang, Fei Teng, Jia-Cheng Zuo, Yan-Yun Pan, Yu-Fei Liu, Jia-Nan Miao, Yu-Jie Gu, Na Yu, Dan-Dan Zhao, Fang-Fang Mo, Si-Hua Gao, Guangjian Jiang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in epigenetic regulation, and abnormalities may lead to male infertility. To investigate whether lncRNAs are involved in intergenerational inheritance of obesity and obesity-induced decline in fertility, we divided mice into obesity (F0 mice fed a high-fat diet, F0-HFD) and non-obese (F0 mice fed normal chow, F0-NC) model groups and their male offspring (F1-HFD and F1-NC, respectively). We examined the differences in the expression levels of lncRNAs and mRNAs in the F0-HFD/F0-NC and F1-HFD/F1-NC groups...
May 24, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596618/development-of-a-cross-cultural-hpv-community-engagement-model-within-scotland
#14
Elaine Carnegie, Anne Whittaker, Carol Gray Brunton, Rhona Hogg, Catriona Kennedy, Shona Hilton, Seeromanie Harding, Kevin G Pollock, Janette Pow
OBJECTIVE: To examine cultural barriers and participant solutions regarding acceptance and uptake of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine from the perspective of Black African, White-Caribbean, Arab, Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani young people. METHODS: In total, 40 young people from minority ethnic communities in Scotland took part in a qualitative study, involving seven focus groups and four paired interviews, to explore their views and experiences of the HPV vaccine...
June 2017: Health Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595640/exploring-the-intergenerational-persistence-of-health-behaviour-an-empirical-study-of-smoking-from-china
#15
Jay Pan, Wei Han
BACKGROUND: It is of significance to look into the intergenerational transmission of risk behaviour to explain the disparity of health. Our paper contributes to the literature by providing evidence in the context of China, focusing on smoking behaviour. METHODS: This paper studies the intergenerational transmission of smoking in the context of China using a nationally representative dataset - the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). The two-part model, the Tobit model, and the fixed effects model are utilized for the empirical analysis, respectively...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595325/maternal-lifetime-stress-and-prenatal-psychological-functioning-are-associated-with-decreased-placental-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-in-the-prism-study
#16
Kelly J Brunst, Marco Sanchez Guerra, Chris Gennings, Michele Hacker, Calvin Jara, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Robert O Wright, Andrea Baccarelli, Rosalind J Wright
Psychosocial stress contributes to placental oxidative stress. Mitochondria are vulnerable to oxidative stress which can lead to changes in mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn). We examined associations between maternal lifetime stress, current negative life events, depressive and posttraumatic stress disorder symptom scores and placental mtDNAcn in a racially/ethnically diverse sample (N = 147) from the PRogramming of Intergenerational Stress Mechanisms study (March 2011- August 2012). In linear regression analyses adjusted for maternal age, race/ethnicity, education, prenatal fine particulate matter, prenatal smoking, and child sex, all measures of stress were associated with decreased placental mtDNAcn (all P-values < 0...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592607/maternal-dietary-intakes-of-refined-grains-during-pregnancy-and-growth-through-the-first-7-y-of-life-among-children-born-to-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#17
Yeyi Zhu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Pauline Mendola, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Edwina H Yeung, Charlotta Granström, Anne A Bjerregaard, Jing Wu, Shristi Rawal, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Refined grains, a major source of dietary carbohydrates, have been related to impaired glucose homeostasis and obesity. Emerging animal data suggest that in utero exposure to dietary refined carbohydrates may predispose offspring to an obese phenotype, indicating a potential role for nutritional programming in the early origins of obesity, but intergenerational human data are lacking.Objective: We prospectively investigated refined-grain intake during pregnancy in association with offspring growth through age 7 y among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583506/intergenerational-preferences-for-radio-loudness-during-automobile-driving
#18
Frederick Howard Bateman Hanser, Eric Adjei Boakye, Anthony Alan Mikulec
INTRODUCTION: The comparative contribution to human noise exposure from the vehicular radio is unknown, as are the radio volume preferences of different generations when driving an automobile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single vehicle was used to measure radio listening level in decibels of three generations (age 16-17 years, age 32-50 years, and age 51-73 years) in various conditions, ranging from engine off with windows closed to 60 miles per hour (mph) with windows open...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582630/attitudes-and-expectations-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-breastfeeding-a-phenomenological-study
#19
Rocío Rodriguez Vazquez, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Inmaculada Corral-Liria, Raquel Jiménez-Fernández, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: The socially constructed meanings of breastfeeding that have been passed from generation to generation by grandmothers produce continuities and discontinuities in the practices of breastfeeding. Research aim: The aim of this study is to explore the objectives and positioning of women today with respect to their role as future grandmothers, based on their experiences with breastfeeding. That is, what role do future grandmothers wish to have in the lives of their breastfeeding daughters and grandchildren? METHODS: A qualitative study with interpretative phenomenological analysis was conducted based on the philosophy of Martin Heidegger, using a sample of unstructured interviews from 20 women in Madrid...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581314/intergenerational-perceptions-of-mass-trauma-s-impact-on-physical-health-and-well-being
#20
Brent Bezo, Stefania Maggi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the perceived intergenerational impact of the 1932-1933 forced starvation-genocide of Ukrainians and reports the perceived impact of the mass trauma on physical health and well-being across three generations. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with survivors of the 1930s mass trauma and their adult children and grandchildren. In total, 45 interviews were conducted in Ukraine and a qualitative thematic method was used to analyze the interview texts...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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