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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331151/the-impact-of-parental-mental-illness-across-the-full-diagnostic-spectrum-on-externalising-and-internalising-vulnerabilities-in-young-offspring
#1
Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Kristin R Laurens, Maina Kariuki, Stacy Tzoumakis, Titia Sprague, Rhoshel Lenroot, Vaughan J Carr
BACKGROUND: The intergenerational risk for mental illness is well established within diagnostic categories, but the risk is unlikely to respect diagnostic boundaries and may be reflected more broadly in early life vulnerabilities. We aimed to establish patterns of association between externalising and internalising vulnerabilities in early childhood and parental mental disorder across the full spectrum of diagnoses. METHODS: A cohort of Australian children (n = 69 116) entering the first year of school in 2009 were assessed using the Australian Early Development Census, providing measures of externalising and internalising vulnerability...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330733/intergenerational-continuity-in-depression-the-importance-of-time-varying-effects-maternal-co-morbid-health-risk-behaviors-and-child-s-gender
#2
Megan Bears Augustyn, Celia J Fulco, Kimberly L Henry
Intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms is well established between mother and child, but there are still important facets of this relationship that are underexplored. We examine intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms between mother-child dyads as a flexible function of child age and account for the potential moderating role of maternal co-morbid health risk behaviors. Using prospective, self-report data collected yearly from 413 mother-child dyads (210 mother-son dyads and 203 mother-daughter dyads) between child ages 12-17, the results indicate that the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on daughters' depressive symptoms steadily increases throughout adolescence whereas the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on sons' depressive symptoms is relatively small, stable, and non-significant during mid-adolescence before increasing in effect in later adolescence...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325549/does-exposure-to-interparental-violence-increase-women-s-risk-of-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-nigeria-demographic-and-health-survey
#3
Bola Lukman Solanke
BACKGROUND: Exposure to interparental violence (EIPV) has been identified as a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV). However, studies in Nigeria have rarely and specifically examined exposure to interparental violence as a predictor of IPV. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between exposure to interparental violence and women's experience of intimate partner violence. METHODS: The 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) women recode dataset was analysed...
January 11, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323523/trauma-across-generations-and-paths-to-adaptation-and-resilience
#4
Amy Lehrner, Rachel Yehuda
OBJECTIVE: There is a growing literature on the intergenerational transmission of trauma, representing approaches across psychodynamic, family systems, epidemiological, sociological, and biological levels of analysis. Embitterment has been proposed as a response to severe, but normative, stressful events, different from the life-threatening trauma that precedes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: This article reviews the potential applicability of the construct of embitterment to trauma and intergenerational effects through (a) a historical review of the intergenerational transmission of trauma literature, (b) a discussion of embitterment versus PTSD, (c) a brief review of theories of mechanisms of transmission, and (d) a discussion of biological findings and their interpretation...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317125/intergenerational-gamete-donation-may-be-clinically-challenging-but-it-is-ethically-defensible
#5
EDITORIAL
Mark V Sauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316540/allogrooming-in-male-female-pairs-of-captive-owl-monkeys-aotus-nancymaae
#6
Christy K Wolovich, Elizabeth Tapanes, Sian Evans
Owl monkeys (Aotus spp.) are socially monogamous, yet allogrooming is reported to be rare. Because Aotus are nocturnal and arboreal, allogrooming is difficult to observe in natural settings. We observed 21 male-female pairs of captive Aotus nancymaae during 2 nonconsecutive study periods in order to describe the details of allogrooming between mates (partner grooming). We found that grooming bouts are brief and consist of tugging the hair or skin with flexed fingers and/or the mouth. Males groomed females most often, and their rates of partner grooming were negatively related to age...
January 10, 2018: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315309/climate-change-could-drive-marine-food-web-collapse-through-altered-trophic-flows-and-cyanobacterial-proliferation
#7
Hadayet Ullah, Ivan Nagelkerken, Silvan U Goldenberg, Damien A Fordham
Global warming and ocean acidification are forecast to exert significant impacts on marine ecosystems worldwide. However, most of these projections are based on ecological proxies or experiments on single species or simplified food webs. How energy fluxes are likely to change in marine food webs in response to future climates remains unclear, hampering forecasts of ecosystem functioning. Using a sophisticated mesocosm experiment, we model energy flows through a species-rich multilevel food web, with live habitats, natural abiotic variability, and the potential for intra- and intergenerational adaptation...
January 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303044/family-relations-and-elder-care-among-arabs-in-the-north-of-israel
#8
Liat Ayalon
The study examined family relations and elder care, in light of the modernization processes that are taking place in the Arab sector. Interviews with 25 older adults, 27 family members, and 5 paid home care workers of an Arab origin were conducted. Qualitative analysis consisted of constant comparisons and contrasts of relevant themes. Most Arabs reported that intergenerational solidarity is very strong in the Arab sector. Whereas many older adults and a few of their family members tended to favor paid care, the majority of Arab family members and fewer older adults stated that family care is preferred...
January 1, 2018: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302748/like-mother-like-daughter-like-father-like-son-intergenerational-transmission-of-internalizing-symptoms-at-early-school-age-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Anna Andreas, Lars O White, Susan Sierau, Sonja Perren, Kai von Klitzing, Annette M Klein
Despite the well-established link between parental depressive symptoms and children's internalizing symptoms, studies that divide transmission into gender-specific components remain scarce. Therefore, the present study focused on gender-specific associations between internalizing symptoms of parents and children over the course of early school age, a key stage where gender-specific roles are increasingly adopted. Participants were 272 children (49.6% girls) oversampled for internalizing symptoms. Parents completed questionnaires twice during early school age (mean age time 1 = 7...
January 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302722/parental-transmission-of-smoking-among-middle-aged-and-older-populations-in-russia-and-belarus
#10
Alexi Gugushvili, Martin McKee, Aytalina Azarova, Michael Murphy, Darja Irdam, Lawrence King
OBJECTIVES: The very high rates of smoking among men and the rapid changes among women in the Post-Soviet countries mean that this region offers an opportunity to understand better the intergenerational role of parental influences on smoking. METHODS: In this study, we exploit a unique data set, the PrivMort cohort study conducted in 30 Russian and 20 Belarusian towns in 2014-2015, which collects information on behaviours of middle-aged and older individuals and their parents, including smoking...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295029/perspective-taking-and-empathy-mitigate-family-of-origin-risk-for-electronic-aggression-perpetration-toward-dating-partners-a-brief-report
#11
Michelle C Ramos, Kelly F Miller, Ilana K Moss, Gayla Margolin
Electronic dating aggression among emerging adults is prevalent and has adverse consequences, yet factors that increase or decrease the risk for perpetrating electronic aggression against a romantic partner are understudied. This investigation advances the literature in two novel ways. First, based on intergenerational transmission of violence theories, we tested the link between family-of-origin aggression (FOA) history and electronic aggression toward romantic partners, using a diverse sample of emerging adults...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294914/childhood-trauma-gender-inequitable-attitudes-alcohol-use-and-multiple-sexual-partners-correlates-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-northern-tanzania
#12
Lisa J Messersmith, Nafisa Halim, Ester Steven Mzilangwe, Naomi Reich, Lilian Badi, Nelson Bingham Holmes, Maria Servidone, Elizabeth Simmons, Philbert Kawemama
Intimate partner violence (IPV), including physical, sexual, emotional, and economic violence, has profound immediate and long-term effects on individuals and communities worldwide. To date, few studies have focused on couples' reporting of IPV. The aim of this article is to present the results of a survey of couples' reporting of IPV and the individual, interpersonal, and social correlates of IPV in northern Tanzania. Four hundred fifty couples from Karatu District, Tanzania, completed a questionnaire measuring attitudes on gender norms and relations, men's experience of childhood trauma, and men's perpetration and women's experience of IPV...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294846/-how-many-silences-are-there-men-s-experience-of-victimization-in-intimate-partner-relationships
#13
Carolyn Brooks, Stephanie Martin, Lisa Broda, Jennifer Poudrier
There is a substantive body of research focusing on women's experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV), but a lack of qualitative studies focusing on men's experiences as victims of IPV. This article addresses this gap in the literature by paying particular attention to hegemonic masculinities and men's perceptions of IPV. Men ( N = 9) participated in in-depth interviews. Interview data were rigorously subjected to thematic analysis, which revealed five key themes in the men's narratives: fear of IPV, maintaining power and control, victimization as a forbidden narrative, critical understanding of IPV, and breaking the silence...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294768/social-learning-theory-gender-and-intimate-partner-violent-victimization-a-structural-equations-approach
#14
Ráchael A Powers, John K Cochran, Jon Maskaly, Christine S Sellers
The purpose of this study is to examine the applicability of Akers's Social Learning Theory (SLT) to explain intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization. In doing so, we draw on the Intergenerational Transmission of Violence Theory (IGT) to extend the scope of SLT to the explanation of victimization and for a consideration of uniquely gendered pathways in its causal structure. Using a structural equation modeling approach with self-report data from a sample of college students, the present study tests the extent to which SLT can effectively explain and predict IPV victimization and the degree, if any, to which the social learning model is gender invariant...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294754/violence-perpetrated-by-mothers-in-law-in-northern-india-perceived-frequency-acceptability-and-options-for-survivors
#15
Maya Ragavan, Kirti Iyengar
In India, physical and psychological abuse perpetrated by a mother-in-law against a daughter-in-law is well documented. However, there is a dearth of literature exploring the perceived frequency and acceptability of mother-in-law abuse or options available for survivors of this type of abuse. The goal of this qualitative study was to add to the in-law abuse literature by exploring men's and women's perspectives about physical and psychological abuse perpetrated by mothers-in-law against daughters-in-law in northern India...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294752/the-intergenerational-legacy-of-genocidal-rape-the-realities-and-perspectives-of-children-born-of-the-rwandan-genocide
#16
Myriam Denov, Leah Woolner, Jules Pacifique Bahati, Paulin Nsuki, Obed Shyaka
Brutal acts of sexual violence were documented on a mass scale during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. While existing scholarship on sexual violence has significantly increased our understanding of the challenges confronting survivors, gaps in knowledge remain regarding the lived experiences of children born of genocidal rape. This study sought to explore the realities and perspectives of children born of genocidal rape, and the existing opportunities and challenges they experienced in postgenocide Rwanda. Interviews and focus groups were conducted with 60 participants born of genocidal rape in Rwanda...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294745/gender-s-role-in-exposure-to-interparental-violence-acceptance-of-violence-self-efficacy-and-physical-teen-dating-violence-among-quebec-adolescents
#17
Catherine Ruel, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Despite efforts to prevent physical teen dating violence, it remains a major public health issue with multiple negative consequences. This study aims to investigate gender differences in the relationships between exposure to interparental violence (mother-to-father violence, father-to-mother violence), acceptance of dating violence (perpetrated by boys, perpetrated by girls), and self-efficacy to disclose teen dating violence. Data were drawn from Waves 1 and 2 of the Quebec Youth Romantic Relationships Project, conducted with a representative sample of Quebec high school students...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294659/breaking-the-intergenerational-cycle-partner-violence-child-parent-attachment-and-children-s-aggressive-behaviors
#18
Shao-Chiu Juan, Heather M Washington, Megan C Kurlychek
The link between exposure to violence in the home and children's later exhibition of violent behaviors is well documented in the criminological literature. To date, most research on partner violence (PV) and children's welfare has focused on adolescent outcomes. As such, we know little about how PV affects the behavior of the youngest, and perhaps most vulnerable population of children who have been exposed to PV. Our understanding of the PV-child behavior association is also limited because extant research has focused less attention on identifying risk factors that explain and modify the link between exposure to PV and children's behavior...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291423/effectiveness-of-mother-and-daughter-interventions-targeting-physical-activity-fitness-nutrition-and-adiposity-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Alyce T Barnes, Myles D Young, Elaine M Murtagh, Clare E Collins, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Philip J Morgan
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and poor dietary habits in women pose a clear public health burden. Mothers are generally the main female role model for daughters, therefore, targeting intergenerational females simultaneously may be a novel approach. However, the effectiveness of this approach to improve physical activity, fitness, nutrition and adiposity has not been systematically examined. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of physical activity, fitness and nutrition interventions targeting mothers and their daughters...
December 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289984/prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-of-parents-with-self-reported-mental-health-problems
#20
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Francisco Perales, Janeen Baxter, Stephen R Zubrick
This paper provides Australian population-level estimates of the prevalence of parental self-reported lifetime mental disorders and past 12 month mental disorders in their children. It leverages unique data from the 2013-2014 Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (Young Minds Matter) (n = 6310). Mental disorders were assessed in 4-17 year-olds using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV. Primary carer (PC) and secondary carer mental health was based on PC-reported lifetime diagnoses...
December 30, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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