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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143628/do-the-status-and-empowerment-of-mothers-predict-their-daughters-reproductive-outcomes
#1
Jessica D Gipson, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Despite increased recognition of the important influences of women's status and empowerment on social and health outcomes for women and their families, there are few investigations that examine the extent to which any gains in women's empowerment may be transmitted intergenerationally, that is, between mothers and their daughters. METHODS: This study seeks to address this gap by using data from a unique, longitudinal, and intergenerational dataset from Cebu, Philippines (1994-2009), to examine potential influences of the status of mothers on subsequent reproductive health outcomes among their daughters...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138900/-intergenerational-mobility-and-health-inequalities-in-east-and-west-germany-a-trend-analysis-from-1992-to-2012
#2
Sebastian Günther, Irene Moor, Anja Knöchelmann, Matthias Richter
BACKGROUND: Social mobility processes, i. e. the movement of a person from one social position to another, are central mechanisms for explaining health inequalities. Social differences in health status or behaviour may also change with changes in social status. This article examines the importance of intergenerational mobility, i. e. the rise and fall of social status in relation to parental social position, for subjective health in East and West Germany and whether this relationship has changed over 20 years...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128396/family-meals-then-and-now-a-qualitative-investigation-of-intergenerational-transmission-of-family-meal-practices-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population
#3
Amanda C Trofholz, Mai See Thao, Mia Donley, Mireya Smith, Hassan Isaac, Jerica M Berge
Having frequent family meals has consistently been associated with better health outcomes in children/adolescents. It is important to identify how intergenerational transmission of family meal practices occurs to help families benefit from family meals. Limited studies exist that explore the intergenerational transmission of family meal practices, particularly among racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant populations. This study explores how parents describe differences and similarities between meals then and now, the lessons they learned as children about family meals, and the lessons they pass onto their children, the challenges of carrying out family meals, and how families handle the barriers/challenges to intergenerational transmission of family meal practices...
November 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126786/development-of-an-efficient-conjugal-dna-transfer-system-between-escherichia-coli-and-a-non-sporulating-streptomyces-strain
#4
Diana Rocha, Beatriz Ruiz-Villafán, Monserrat Manzo, Romina Rodríguez-Sanoja, Sergio Sánchez
Bacterial conjugation is a powerful tool used for DNA transfer from Escherichia coli into various bacteria including streptomycetes. In this methodology, spores are usually employed as recipient cells of the genetic information. However, some industrially important Streptomyces do not produce spores making difficult their genetic manipulation. In these strains, the use of mechanically fragmented mycelia allows DNA transfer with low efficiency. Streptomyces peucetius var. caesius is a non-sporulating bacteria which produces the antitumor compound doxorubicin...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120666/like-grandparents-like-parents-empirical-evidence-and-psychoanalytic-thinking-on-the-transmission-of-parenting-styles
#5
Pietro De Carli, Angela Tagini, Diego Sarracino, Alessandra Santona, Valentina Bonalda, Paola Elena Cesari, Laura Parolin
The authors discuss the issue of intergenerational transmission of parenting from an empirical and psychoanalytic perspective. After presenting a framework to explain their conception of parenting, they describe intergenerational transmission of parenting as a key to interpreting and eventually changing parenting behaviors. Then they present (1) the empirical approach aimed at determining if there is actually a stability across generations that contributes to harsh parenting and eventually maltreatment and (2) the psychoanalytic thinking that seeks to explain the continuity in terms of representations and clinical phenomena...
November 9, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120194/effect-of-maternal-borderline-personality-disorder-on-adolescents-experience-of-maltreatment-and-adolescent-borderline-features
#6
Gretchen Kurdziel, Stephanie Kors, Jenny Macfie
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe and chronic mental illness. Self-reported borderline features correlate highly with a diagnosis (affective instability, negative relationships, unstable sense of self, self-harm). Etiological factors of BPD include childhood maltreatment. The current study compared the experience of maltreatment in adolescent offspring of mothers with BPD, who are themselves at risk of developing the disorder, with that of offspring of mothers with no current diagnosis. Participants were 56 adolescents aged 14 to 18 years...
November 9, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119362/intergenerational-stability-of-callous-unemotional-traits
#7
Antonio Mendoza Diaz, Sandy Overgaauw, David J Hawes, Mark R Dadds
This study investigated the stability of callous and unemotional (CU) traits across generations by assessing self-report assessments of psychopathy factors in parents and their relationship to children's CU traits in a clinical sample: 223 boys (M age = 7.65) and 83 girls (M = 7.35) referred for treatment of disruptive behavior disorders. First, we expanded previous findings showing a positive relationship between maternal psychopathy scores and CU traits in boys. Second, we tested whether parental psychopathy scores predicted CU traits in children over and above general indicators of mental health risk: parental psychopathology, parental warmth, and harsh parenting...
November 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115474/genetic-characteristics-of-polycistronic-system%C3%A2-mediated-randomly%C3%A2-inserted-multi%C3%A2-transgenes-in-miniature-pigs-and-mice
#8
Siyuan Kong, Li Li, Wenjuan Zhu, Leilei Xin, Jinxue Ruan, Yubo Zhang, Shulin Yang, Kui Li
Multi‑transgenic technology is superior to single transgenic technology in biological and medical research. Multi‑transgene insertion mediated by a polycistronic system is more effective for the integration of polygenes. The multi‑transgene insertion patterns and manners of inheritance are not completely understood. Copy number quantification is one available approach for addressing this issue. The present study determined copy numbers in two multi‑transgenic mice (K3 and L3) and two multi‑transgenic miniature pigs (Z2 and Z3) using absolute quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis...
October 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113612/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-resilience-and-vulnerability-among-older-adults-a-population-based-birth-cohort-analysis
#9
T D Cosco, R Cooper, D Kuh, M Stafford
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with declines in physical capability; however, some individuals demonstrate high well-being despite this decline, i.e. they are "resilient." We examined socioeconomic position (SEP) and resilience and the influence of potentially modifiable behavioral resources, i.e. social support and leisure time physical activity (LTPA), on these relationships. METHODS: Data came from the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development, a nationally-representative birth cohort study...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112784/clinical-and-genetic-features-of-patients-with-facial-sparing-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy
#10
J-J He, X-D Lin, F Lin, G-R Xu, L-Q Xu, W Hu, D-N Wang, H-X Lin, M-T Lin, N Wang, Z-Q Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Facial-sparing scapular myopathy (SHD) is the most common atypical form of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), clinically defined as those without apparent facial muscle weakness on neurologic examination. The clinical profiles and genetic features of SHD are limited. METHODS: A cohort of 21 Chinese patients with SHD were confirmed by PFGE-based molecular genetic analysis. The clinical assessments and methylation analysis were noted...
November 7, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108589/the-lasting-effect-of-intergenerational-wealth-transfers-human-capital-family-formation-and-wealth
#11
Richard A Benton, Lisa A Keister
Recent evidence indicates that inheritances and other intergenerational wealth transfers have only a limited effect on wealth inequality and the intergenerational transmission of financial well-being. In this study, we explore the role that human capital and family formation play in mediating the relationship between receiving a transfer and building wealth. We examine how educational attainment and family formation determine whether or not households are able to convert inheritances into greater assets, facilitating improved wealth accumulation...
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108437/latent-profiles-of-early-developmental-vulnerabilities-in-a-new-south-wales-child-population-at-age-5%C3%A2-years
#12
Melissa J Green, Stacy Tzoumakis, Kristin R Laurens, Kimberlie Dean, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Nicole O'Reilly, Marilyn Chilvers, Sally A Brinkman, Vaughan J Carr
OBJECTIVE: Detecting the early emergence of childhood risk for adult mental disorders may lead to interventions for reducing subsequent burden of these disorders. We set out to determine classes of children who may be at risk for later mental disorder on the basis of early patterns of development in a population cohort, and associated exposures gleaned from linked administrative records obtained within the New South Wales Child Development Study. METHODS: Intergenerational records from government departments of health, education, justice and child protection were linked with the Australian Early Development Census for a state population cohort of 67,353 children approximately 5 years of age...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105091/links-between-contexts-and-middle-to-late-childhood-social-emotional-development
#13
Jeffrey Duong, Catherine P Bradshaw
Guided by the social-emotional learning (SEL) framework, we studied developmental trajectory patterns of five key competency outcomes spanning middle through late childhood: altruism, empathy, self-efficacy, aggression, and hyperactivity. We then assessed their links to middle childhood home, parental, and community contexts. Data from the Institute of Education Sciences' Social and Character Development Program, which comprised nearly 2,400 elementary school students who were followed from Grades 3 through 5, were analyzed using growth mixture modeling...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103876/intergenerational-transmission-of-gene-regulatory-information-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#14
REVIEW
Olga Minkina, Craig P Hunter
Epigenetic mechanisms can stably maintain gene expression states even after the initiating conditions have changed. Often epigenetic information is transmitted only to daughter cells, but evidence is emerging, in both vertebrate and invertebrate systems, for transgenerational epigenetic inheritance (TEI), the transmission of epigenetic gene regulatory information across generations. Each new description of TEI helps uncover the properties, molecular mechanisms and biological roles for TEI. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has been particularly instrumental in the effort to understand TEI, as multiple environmental and genetic triggers can initiate an epigenetic signal that can alter the expression of both transgenes and endogenous loci...
November 2, 2017: Trends in Genetics: TIG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101590/the-intergenerational-association-between-parents-problem-gambling-and-impulsivity-hyperactivity-inattention-behaviors-in-children
#15
Rene Carbonneau, Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Richard E Tremblay
Despite the well-established association between problem gambling and ADHD core categories of impulsivity-hyperactivity and inattention, the link between parents' problem gambling and impulsivity-hyperactivity/inattention (IH/I) behaviors in children has not been investigated. This study investigated the association between parents' problem gambling and children's IH/I behaviors while controlling for potential confounding variables. A population-based prospective cohort followed-up from kindergarten to age 30, the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Kindergarten Children (QLSKC), provided data over three generations...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101148/mental-health-of-south-asian-youth-in-peel-region-toronto-canada-a-qualitative-study-of-determinants-coping-strategies-and-service-access
#16
Farah Islam, Amanpreet Multani, Michaela Hynie, Yogendra Shakya, Kwame McKenzie
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study set out to understand the mental health challenges and service access barriers experienced by South Asian youth populations in the Peel Region of Toronto, Canada. SETTING: In-depth semistructured interviews were carried out with South Asian youth living in Peel Region (Mississauga, Brampton and Caledon), a suburb of Toronto, Canada, home to over 50% of Ontario's South Asian population. PARTICIPANTS: South Asian youth (n=10) engaged in thoughtful, candid dialogue about their mental health and service access barriers...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100981/intergenerational-mobility-and-omnivorism-in-eating
#17
Henryk Domański, Zbigniew Karpiński
Drawing on three hypotheses concerned with cultural consequences of social mobility, we investigate whether intergenerational class mobility influences omnivorism in eating, regarded as a new dimension of lifestyle. Using data from a national survey carried out in Poland in 2013 and diagonal reference models, we find most support for the hypothesis of maximization saying that upward mobility encourages conformity to the habits of the class of destination. It shows that in Poland, as in other societies, the upwardly mobile tend to align their behaviour with that of their highest status reference group...
November 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099948/heritable-sperm-chromatin-epigenetics-a-break-to-remember
#18
Ralph G Meyer, Chelsea Ketchum, Mirella L Meyer-Ficca
Sperm chromatin not only has a unique structure to condense and protect the paternal DNA in transit, but also provides epigenetic information that supports embryonic development. Most of the unique sperm nuclear architecture is formed during the sweeping postmeiotic chromatin remodeling events in spermiogenesis, where the majority of nucleosomes are removed and replaced by protamines. The remaining histones and other chromatin proteins are located in structurally and transcriptionally relevant positions in the genome and carry diverse posttranslational modifications relevant to the control of embryonic gene expression...
November 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097685/utf1-contributes-to-intergenerational-epigenetic-inheritance-of-pluripotency
#19
Qiuye Bao, Amir Morshedi, Fulu Wang, Sharma Bhargy, Konstantin Pervushin, Wei-Ping Yu, Peter Dröge
Undifferentiated embryonic cell transcription factor 1 (Utf1) is expressed in pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and primordial germ cells (PGCs). Utf1 expression is directly controlled by pluripotency factors Oct4 and Sox2, which form a ternary complex with the Utf1 enhancer. The Utf1 protein plays a role in chromatin organization and epigenetic control of bivalent gene expression in ESCs in vitro, where it promotes effective cell differentiation during exit from pluripotency. The function of Utf1 in PGCs in vivo, however, is not known...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096774/thinking-across-generations-unique-contributions-of-maternal-early-life-and-prenatal-stress-to-infant-physiology
#20
Sarah A O Gray, Christopher W Jones, Katherine P Theall, Erin Glackin, Stacy S Drury
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is a parasympathetic-mediated biomarker of self-regulation linked to lifespan mental and physical health outcomes. Intergenerational impacts of mothers' exposure to prenatal stress have been demonstrated, but evidence for biological embedding of maternal preconception stress, including adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), on infant RSA is lacking. We examine the independent effects of maternal ACEs and prenatal stress on infant RSA, seeking to broaden the understanding of the earliest origins of mental and physical health risk...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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