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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679898/heart-rate-variability-alterations-in-late-life-depression-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Lydia Brown, Chandan Karmakar, Richard Gray, Ripu Jindal, Terrence Lim, Christina Bryant
OBJECTIVE: There is strong evidence for a bi-directional relationship between heart-health and depression in later life, but the physiological mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. Heart rate variability is one promising factor that might help explain this relationship. We present results of a meta-analysis that considers heart rate variability alterations in older adults with depression. METHODS: Literature search of Embase, PsychInfo and Medline revealed five clinical studies and six observational studies that examined the relationship between heart rate variability and depression in adults with a mean age over 60...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679862/a-small-scale-study-investigating-staff-and-student-perceptions-of-the-barriers-to-a-preventative-approach-for-adolescent-self-harm-in-secondary-schools-in-wales-a-grounded-theory-model-of-stigma
#2
Rachel Parker
OBJECTIVES: Grounded theory analysis of secondary school staff and pupil perceptions about the barriers to preventative work for adolescent self-harm within the secondary school setting in Wales. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative and grounded theory. METHODS: Two secondary schools in Wales were purposefully sampled for variation. Four group interviews took place using qualitative research methods (Participatory Rapid Appraisal) with six school-based professionals and six students aged more than 16 years...
April 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679849/global-analysis-of-advanced-metastatic-breast-cancer-decade-report-2005-2015
#3
Fatima Cardoso, Danielle Spence, Shirley Mertz, Dian Corneliussen-James, Kimberly Sabelko, Julie Gralow, Maria-João Cardoso, Fedro Peccatori, Diego Paonessa, Ann Benares, Naomi Sakurai, Marc Beishon, Sarah-Jane Barker, Musa Mayer
Approximately 0.5 million people worldwide die from metastatic breast cancer (mBC) every year. This manuscript provides an overview on the status of mBC in several regions of the world, highlighting the gaps in care, resources, and support available for patients with mBC. Primary research was conducted in 2015 and 2016, comprising four global qualitative and quantitative surveys of approximately 15,000 individuals in 34 countries. Secondary research was conducted using literature reviews of peer-reviewed publications, patient survey reports, and media or online articles...
April 18, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679763/leaving-the-nest-improving-food-allergy-management-on-college-campuses
#4
Ashley A Dyer, Amy O'Keefe, Madeleine K Kanaley, Lauren Kao, Ruchi S Gupta
BACKGROUND: The transition from adolescence to young adulthood marks a developmental period where responsibility for management of chronic conditions such as food allergy shifts from the caregiver to the young adult. Fatal food-induced anaphylaxis is most common among adolescents and young adults. However, colleges are currently not well-positioned to provide integrated support for students with food allergies. OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to explore the systems, structures, and policies that currently support students with food allergies at college, assess unmet needs, and develop pilot interventions through the use of patient-centered design processes...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679648/in-vitro-activity-of-tigecycline-and-comparators-against-a-european-collection-of-anaerobes-collected-as-part-of-the-tigecycline-evaluation-and-surveillance-trial-t-e-s-t-2010-2016
#5
Arne C Rodloff, Michael J Dowzicky
The Tigecycline Evaluation and Surveillance Trial (T.E.S.T.) is a global program that aims to monitor the in vitro antimicrobial activities of current therapeutic agents against clinical isolates. This study presents surveillance data for Gram-positive and Gram-negative anaerobic isolates (N = 7008) collected from nine European countries between 2010 and 2016. Presented in this study are antimicrobial susceptibility data, according to the European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) breakpoints, and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) distributions...
April 18, 2018: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679622/pharmacotherapy-for-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-do-oral-agents-have-a-place
#6
REVIEW
Rosa Corcoy, Montserrat Balsells, Apolonia García-Patterson, Anat Shmueli, Eran Hadar
Diabetes is a frequent condition in pregnancy and achieving adequate glycemic control is of paramount importance. Insulin treatment is the gold standard, oral agents are more attractive, but their safety and efficiency should be a prerequisite for their use. We have more information regarding treatment of women with gestational diabetes mellitus where glyburide can induce a picture of fetal hyperinsulinism (higher birthweight and more neonatal hypoglycemia) whereas metformin requires supplemental insulin in a larger proportion of women but achieves satisfactory perinatal outcomes with the exception of preterm birth...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679591/the-intrauterine-device-as-emergency-contraception-how-much-do-young-women-know
#7
Suzan R Goodman, Alison M El Ayadi, Corinne H Rocca, Julia E Kohn, Courtney E Benedict, Jessica R Dieseldorff, Cynthia C Harper
BACKGROUND: Unprotected intercourse is common, especially among teens and young women. Access to intrauterine device (IUD) as emergency contraception (EC) can help interested patients more effectively prevent unintended pregnancy and can also offer ongoing contraception. This study evaluated young women's awareness of IUD as EC and interest in case of need. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from young women, ages 18-25years, not desiring pregnancy within 12months, and receiving contraceptive counseling within a cluster-randomized trial in 40U...
April 18, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679517/urogenital-function-three-years-after-abdominoperineal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#8
Anna Ledebo, David Bock, Mattias Prytz, Eva Haglind, Eva Angenete
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore urogenital dysfunction and associated risk factors after treatment of rectal cancer, in a large national cohort of patients three years after abdominoperineal excision and to compare outcomes with a reference population and a cohort of patients operated for prostate cancer. METHOD: Patients treated with abdominoperineal excision 2007-2009 were identified using the Swedish ColoRectal Cancer Registry. All consenting patients received a questionnaire...
April 21, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679454/primary-lymphoepthelial-carcinoma-of-the-parotid-gland-pictorial-review-of-a-rare-entity
#9
Arani Halder, Jennifer Sommerville, Mitesh Gandhi
Lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) is a rare malignancy of the salivary gland arising from the parotid in 80% of cases. LEC is indistinguishable histologically from more common non-keratinising undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Up to 40% of patients with primary LEC present with a cervical metastasis and histological assessment of the primary lesion or nodal metastasis may be reported as NPC. The absence of a nasopharyngeal lesion on imaging and endoscopic assessment together with a parotid mass strengthens the case for a LEC...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679443/a-20-year-review-the-use-of-exception-from-informed-consent-and-waiver-of-informed-consent-in-emergency-research
#10
Lauren Klein, Johanna Moore, Michelle Biros
BACKGROUND: Due to the acuity and time sensitive needs of their clinical condition, patients presenting with certain emergent pathologies may lack capacity to provide meaningful prospective informed consent to participate in clinical research. For these reasons, these populations have often been excluded from research investigations. To mitigate this, regulations allowing Exception from Informed Consent (EFIC) (21 CFR 50.24) or Waiver of Informed Consent (WIC) (45 CFR 46.101) were developed in 1996...
April 21, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679368/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancers-undergoing-chemotherapy
#11
Ilufredo Y Tantoy, Bruce A Cooper, Anand Dhruva, Janine Cataldo, Steven M Paul, Yvette P Conley, Marilyn Hammer, Kord M Kober, Jon D Levine, Christine Miaskowski
PURPOSE: Findings regarding changes in the quality of life (QOL) of patients with gastrointestinal cancers (GI) undergoing chemotherapy (CTX) are inconclusive. Purpose was to evaluate for changes in QOL scores of patients with GI cancers over two cycles of CTX. METHODS: Patients (n = 397) completed disease-specific [i.e., Quality of Life-Scale-Patient Version (QOL-PV)] and generic [12-item Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Survey (SF-12)] measures of QOL a total of six times over two cycles of CTX...
April 21, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679360/mental-health-of-the-male-adolescent-and-young-man-the-copenhagen-statement
#12
REVIEW
Timothy R Rice, Lesha D Shah, Pilar Trelles, Shih-Ku Lin, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Andreas Walther, Leo Sher
BACKGROUND: Male adolescents and young men benefit when their mental health care is specialized to match their unique gendered and developmental needs. Sensitivity to the social circumstances of this population is important; additionally, the emerging ability to tailor care through knowledge gleaned from the intersection of psychiatry, neurology, and endocrinology informs care. DATA SOURCES: This article summarized the views of six experts in the area of the adolescent and young adult male mental health...
April 20, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679359/the-impact-of-national-policies-on-animal-disease-reporting-within-selected-pacific-island-countries-and-territories-picts
#13
Andrew Tukana, Robert Hedlefs, Bruce Gummow
A semi-systematic literature review of national policies was carried out in relation to surveillance and disease reporting in Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). It also analysed the animal disease reporting structures in Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of those reporting structures were examined in relation to how they impacted the detection and management of animal diseases in PICTs. Field missions collected information on animal disease reporting structures and these were discussed in detail with country officials and documented...
April 20, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679265/focus-groups-and-in-depth-interviews-to-guide-the-development-of-lung-cancer-screening-informational-materials
#14
Anushree Sharma, Richard O'Connor, Paula Celestino, Samantha Killion, Laurie Griswold-Krupski, Maansi Bansal-Travers
Lung cancer is one of the most lethal cancers in the USA. In 2013, new guidelines issued by the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography among a selected group of high-risk individuals. Specifically, lung cancer screening is recommended for heavy smokers between the ages of 55 to 79, with at least 30 pack-year smoking exposure. Former smokers who meet these guidelines and stopped smoking ≤ 15 years ago are also eligible. There is a need to promote lung cancer screening to increase early diagnosis rates and treatment options, thereby decreasing disease-specific mortality...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679244/attenuated-lpp-to-emotional-face-stimuli-associated-with-parent-and-self-reported-depression-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
Madlen Grunewald, Mirko Döhnert, Daniel Brandeis, Annette Maria Klein, Kai von Klitzing, Tina Matuschek, Stephanie Stadelmann
Individuals diagnosed with a depressive disorder have been found to show reduced reactions to emotional information consistent with the hypothesis of an emotional context insensitivity. However, there are contradictory findings of enhanced reactivity and mood-congruent processing. Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings of the late positive potential (LPP) can display such blunted or enhanced activity. Due to these contradictory findings, there is a need to clarify the role of the LPP in the emergence and presence of depressive disorders especially in children...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679164/the-effect-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-well-being-a-non-randomised-controlled-trial-with-children-of-low-socio-economic-status
#16
Stephen Shannon, Deirdre Brennan, Donncha Hanna, Zoe Younger, Jessica Hassan, Gavin Breslin
BACKGROUND: Self-determination theory (SDT) has been used to predict children's physical activity and well-being. However, few school-based SDT intervention studies have been conducted, and no research exists with children of low socio-economic status (SES). Therefore, SDT-derived needs-supportive teaching techniques informed the design and analyses of the Healthy Choices Programme (HCP). The aim was to determine if the HCP could enhance moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and well-being among children of low SES through increasing autonomy-support, needs satisfaction and intrinsic motivation...
April 20, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679132/-self-reported-vision-in-gerontological-health-services-research-and-practice-an-opening-plea
#17
REVIEW
J Köberlein-Neu, A Seifert, I Himmelsbach
The use of self-reported vision is an integral part of most population surveys and is primarily used for healthcare monitoring. Since the patient's assessment is not always consistent with the objectively measured clinical parameters, the majority of the literature looks critically at the adequacy of self-reported vision, particularly with respect to answering epidemiological questions; however, it is often misunderstood that self-reported vision measures far more than the directly derived information show...
April 20, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679089/general-practitioner-s-attitudes-and-confidence-in-managing-patients-with-dementia-in-singapore
#18
Mythily Subramaniam, Hui Lin Ong, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Saleha Shafie, Fiona Devi Siva Kumar, Sophia Foo, Li Ling Ng, Alvin Lum, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong
The number of people living with dementia is increasing globally as a result of an ageing population. General practitioners (GPs), as the front-line care providers in communities, are important stakeholders in the system of care for people with dementia. This commentary describes a study conducted to understand GPs' attitudes and self-perceived competencies when dealing with patients with dementia and their caregivers in Singapore. A set of study information sheet and survey questionnaires were mailed to selected GP clinics in Singapore...
March 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679015/popularity-and-novelty-dynamics-in-evolving-networks
#19
Khushnood Abbas, Mingsheng Shang, Alireza Abbasi, Xin Luo, Jian Jun Xu, Yu-Xia Zhang
Network science plays a big role in the representation of real-world phenomena such as user-item bipartite networks presented in e-commerce or social media platforms. It provides researchers with tools and techniques to solve complex real-world problems. Identifying and predicting future popularity and importance of items in e-commerce or social media platform is a challenging task. Some items gain popularity repeatedly over time while some become popular and novel only once. This work aims to identify the key-factors: popularity and novelty...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678976/fostering-active-living-and-healthy-eating-through-understanding-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviours-of-arabic-speaking-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-middle-east
#20
Tam Truong Donnelly, Tak Shing Fung, Al-Anoud Bint Mohammad Al-Thani
OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diets increase the risk for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Many people in Qatar are sedentary and consume diets high in fats, salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to determine physical activity levels, food habits and understand the variables that might predict physical activity and healthy eating behaviours among Arabic-speaking adults living in the State of Qatar. SETTING: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted with 1606 Arab adults ≥18 years of age from March 2013 to June 2015...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
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