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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890773/primary-photosensitization-caused-by-ingestion-of-froelichia-humboldtiana-by-dairy-goats
#1
Danielle S Santos, Caio C B Silva, Valber O Araújo, Maria de Fátima Souza, Patrícia B Lacerda-Lucena, Sara V D Simões, Franklin Riet-Correa, Ricardo B Lucena
This study aimed to describe the first report of an outbreak of primary photosensitization in dairy goats caused by Froelichia humboldtiana. The disease occurred from March to May 2014, in a mixed flock of 15 Saanen, Alpine, and crossbred lactating goats. The entire flock was affected; however, the Saanen and cross-bred goats developed more severe lesions, and their milk production decreased by as much as 75%. Lesions were progressive and consisted of skin hyperemia, edema, and necrosis, especially in depigmented areas...
November 24, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888844/mr-imaging-of-the-plantar-plate-normal-anatomy-turf-toe-and-other-injuries
#2
REVIEW
Caio Nery, Daniel Baumfeld, Hilary Umans, André F Yamada
The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint complex is a weight-bearing structure important to the biomechanics of the standing position, walking, shoe wearing, and sport participation. Acute dorsiflexion injury of the first MTP joint, "turf toe," is common among American football and soccer players. The first and lesser MTP joint complexes can be affected by degenerative or inflammatory arthritis, infarct, and infection. These conditions can lead to plantar plate disruption. Imaging studies help physicians to properly diagnose and treat this condition...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867669/simplifying-the-treatment-of-bone-atrophy-in-the-posterior-regions-combination-of-zygomatic-and-wide-short-implants-a-case-report-with-2-years-of-follow-up
#3
Fernanda Faot, Geninho Thomé, Amália Machado Bielemann, Caio Hermann, Ana Cláudia Moreira Melo, Luis Eduardo Marques Padovan, Ivete Aparecida de Mattias Sartori
The rehabilitation of maxillary and mandibular bone atrophy represents one of the main challenges of modern oral implantology because it requires a variety of procedures, which not only differ technically, but also differ in their results. In the face of limitations such as deficiencies in the height and thickness of the alveolar structure, prosthetic rehabilitation has sought to avoid large bone reconstruction through bone grafting; this clinical behavior has become a treatment system based on evidence from clinical scientific research...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864868/repigmentation-in-vitiligo-position-paper-of-the-vitiligo-global-issues-consensus-conference-vgicc
#4
Emily Yiping Gan, Viktoria Eleftheriadou, Samia Esmat, Iltefat Hamzavi, Thierry Passeron, Markus Böhm, Tag Anbar, Boon Kee Goh, Cheng-Che Eric Lan, Harvey Lui, M Ramam, Noufal Raboobee, Ichiro Katayama, Tamio Suzuki, Davinder Parsad, Vaneeta Seth, Henry W Lim, Nanja van Geel, Sanjeev Mulekar, John Harris, Richard Wittal, Laila Benzekri, Yvon Gauthier, Prasad Kumarasinghe, Steven Tien Guan Thng, Caio Cesar Silva de Castro, Marwa Abdallah, Charlotte Vrijman, Marcel Bekkenk, Julien Seneschal, Amit G Pandya, Khaled Ezzedine, Mauro Picardo, Alain Taïeb
The Vitiligo Global Issues Consensus Conference (VGICC), through an international e-Delphi consensus, concluded that "repigmentation" and "maintenance of gained repigmentation" are essential core outcome measures in future vitiligo trials. This VGICC position paper addresses these core topics in two sections and includes an atlas depicting vitiligo repigmentation patterns and color match. The first section delineates mechanisms and characteristics of vitiligo repigmentation and the second summarizes the outcomes of international meeting discussions and two e-surveys on vitiligo repigmentation, which had been carried out over three years...
November 19, 2016: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852116/non-coeliac-gluten-wheat-sensitivity-advances-in-knowledge-and-relevant-questions
#5
Umberto Volta, Giacomo Caio, Tennekoon B Karunaratne, Armin Alaedini, Roberto De Giorgio
Non-coeliac gluten/wheat sensitivity (NCG/WS) is a syndrome characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms occurring a few hours or days after the ingestion of gluten and wheat proteins in patients testing negative for coeliac disease and wheat allergy. Areas covered: The present review deals with recent scientific acquisitions of this gluten-related syndrome, including pathogenetic mechanisms, clinical picture, symptom score, biomarkers and double-blind placebo-controlled trial for diagnosis, and treatment...
November 23, 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847640/choroidal-thickness-in-older-patients-with-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#6
Caio V Regatieri, Eduardo A Novais, Lauren Branchini, Mehreen Adhi, Emily D Cole, Ricardo Louzada, Mark Lane, Elias Reichel, Jay S Duker
BACKGROUND: To investigate the choroidal thickness in older patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) compared to age-matched normal subjects. METHODS: Fifteen patients (30 eyes) with CSCR, all aged ≥60 years, and 21 age-matched normal subjects (21 eyes) underwent high-definition raster scanning using SD-OCT. Both eyes from CSCR patients were included in the analysis. The eyes in patients with CSCR were divided into two groups: active CSCR (17 eyes) if there was foveal-involving subretinal fluid and inactive contralateral eye group (13 eyes)...
2016: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832628/associations-of-polymorphisms-in-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-ile49ser-and-its-type-ii-receptor-amhrii-482-a-g-on-reproductive-outcomes-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Noel Pabalan, Erik Montagna, Eloisa Singian, Lani Tabangay, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Caio Parente Barbosa, Bianca Bianco
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Reported associations of reproductive outcomes (RO) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with genotypes of the Ile49Ser and -482A>G polymorphisms in the Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) gene and its type II receptor (AMHRII), respectively, have conflicting results. METHODS: PubMed, Google Scholar and Science Direct databases were searched for studies that investigated Ile49Ser and -482A>G in RO and PCOS. Using the metaanalytic approach, we estimated risk (odds ratio [OR] with 95% confidence intervals) using standard genetic models...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829947/why-physicians-should-look-at-the-mouths-of-their-patients
#8
EDITORIAL
Luciano Alberto de Castro, Joao Gabriel Leite de Castro, Jayanne Silva de Alcantara, Divino Alves Garcia Junior, Caio Santana Novaes Romeu, Itagores Hoffman Ii Lopes Sousa Coutinho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828675/windows-of-opportunities-and-technological-innovation-in-the-brazilian-pharmaceutical-industry
#9
Paulo Bastos Tigre, Caio Victor Machado França do Nascimento, Laís Silveira Costa
The Brazilian pharmaceutical industry is heavily dependent on external sources of inputs, capital, and technology. However, the emergence of technological opportunities and the development of biotechnology and the decline of the patent boom and resulting advances by generic drugs have opened windows of opportunities for the local industry. The article examines the Brazilian industry's innovative behavior vis-à-vis these opportunities, showing that although the industry as a whole invests little in innovation, a few large Brazilian companies have expanded their market share and stepped up their investments in research and development, supported by public policies for innovation...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826399/contact-karate-promotes-post-exercise-hypotension-in-young-adult-males
#10
Marcelo Magalhaes Sales, Caio Victor de Sousa, Wellington Barbosa Sampaio, Carlos Ernesto, Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Jose Fernando Vila Nova de Moraes, Daisy Motta-Santos, Milton Rocha Moraes, John Eugene Lewis, Herbert Gustavo Simões, Francisco Martins da Silva
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, systemic arterial hypertension is a leading cause of death and non-communicable cardiovascular disease. A major factor contributing to this disease is a sedentary lifestyle. However, physical exercise, such as martial arts, may be an option for blood pressure (BP) control. The magnitude of post-exercise hypotension is associated with a prolonged decrease in BP in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to verify the effects of a Contact Karate (CK) session on BP responses during a post-exercise recovery period in young adults...
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823597/frequency-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-or-pulmonary-embolism-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-investigation-regardless-of-clinical-suspicion
#11
Vitor B Viana, Emanoel R Melo, Mario Terra-Filho, Luis A Dallan, Maria M Gonzalez, Ludhmila A Hajjar, Fabio B Jatene, Luiz A Cesar, Caio B Vianna
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and/or pulmonary embolism (PE). Many surgeons and clinicians believe that VTE after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has little clinical significance because it is seldom diagnosed. This study aimed to identify VTE after CABG, independent of clinical suspicion. In this prospective, observational, single-center study, 100 patients underwent computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (multidetector-64) and lower extremity venous compressive ultrasound after elective CABG...
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819042/discovery-of-pan-vegf-inhibitory-peptides-directed-to-the-extracellular-ligand-binding-domains-of-the-vegf-receptors
#12
Jussara S Michaloski, Alexandre R Redondo, Leila S Magalhães, Caio C Cambui, Ricardo J Giordano
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are key molecules in numerous cellular processes, the inhibitors of which play an important role in the clinic. Among them are the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family members and their receptors (VEGFR), which are essential in the formation of new blood vessels by angiogenesis. Anti-VEGF therapy has already shown promising results in oncology and ophthalmology, but one of the challenges in the field is the design of specific small-molecule inhibitors for these receptors...
October 2016: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818983/tibial-shaft-fracture-and-ankle-injury-case-report
#13
Caio Zamboni, Felipe Augusto Garcez de Campos, Noel Oizerovici Foni, Rafael Carboni Souza, Ralph Walter Christian, Marcelo Tomanik Mercadante
The authors report on a case of tibial shaft fracture associated with ankle injury. The clinical, radiological and surgical characteristics are discussed. Assessment of associated injuries is often overlooked and these injuries are hard to diagnose. When torque occurs in the lower limb, the ankle becomes susceptible to simultaneous injury. It is essential to make careful assessment based on clinical, radiographic, intraoperative and postoperative characteristics in order to attain functional recovery.
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818968/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-ankle-current-concepts
#14
REVIEW
Marcelo Pires Prado, John G Kennedy, Fernando Raduan, Caio Nery
We conducted a wide-ranging review of the literature regarding osteochondral lesions of the ankle, with the aim of presenting the current concepts, treatment options, trends and future perspectives relating to this topic.
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817035/copy-number-variation-analysis-reveals-additional-variants-contributing-to-endometriosis-development
#15
Fernanda Mafra, Diego Mazzotti, Renata Pellegrino, Bianca Bianco, Caio Parente Barbosa, Hakon Hakonarson, Denise Christofolini
PURPOSE: Endometriosis is a gynecological disease influenced by multiple genetic and environmental factors. The aim of the current study was to use SNP-array technology to identify genomic aberrations that may possibly contribute to the development of endometriosis. METHODS: We performed an SNP-array genotyping of pooled DNA samples from both patients (n = 100) and controls (n = 50). Copy number variation (CNV) calling and association analyses were performed using PennCNV software...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812648/zika-in-pernambuco-rewriting-the-first-outbreak
#16
Carlos Alexandre Antunes de Brito, Cecilia Coelho Moraes de Brito, Augusto César Oliveira, Marilia Rocha, Caio Atanásio, Carolina Asfora, Júlio Dourado Matos, Anton Saraiva Lima, Maria Fátima Militão Albuquerque
INTRODUCTION: A Zika virus epidemic was registered in 2015 in Northeast Brazil. In the State of Pernambuco, thousands of classical cases transpired, and in the following months, neurological disturbances in adults and microcephaly in newborns emerged as complications. After the peak of the epidemic, the official system reported only four cases of Zika virus but over 100,000 cases of dengue virus. The vigilance system was unable to retrospectively estimate cases or to issue an alert to officially notified cases with possible inconsistence concerning specific arbovirosis diagnoses...
September 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808487/pathophysiology-of-non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-where-are-we-now-in-2016
#17
Giacomo Caio, Gabriele Riegler, Marta Patturelli, Angela Facchiano, Laura DE Magistris, Anna Sapone
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity (NCGS) is the term used to describe individuals complaining of intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms related to gluten ingestion and rapidly improving after its withdrawal, and in which both celiac disease (CD) and wheat allergy (WA) were properly ruled out. The prevalence of this condition remains unknown and a lot of questions about the possible pathogenetic mechanisms are still unclarified. It is believed that NCGS represents a heterogeneous condition with different subgroups potentially characterized by different pathogenesis, clinical history, and clinical course...
November 3, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801290/mycoplasma-non-coding-rna-identification-of-small-rnas-and-targets
#18
Franciele Maboni Siqueira, Guilherme Loss de Morais, Susan Higashi, Laura Scherer Beier, Gabriela Merker Breyer, Caio Padoan de Sá Godinho, Marie-France Sagot, Irene Silveira Schrank, Arnaldo Zaha, Ana Tereza Ribeiro de Vasconcelos
BACKGROUND: Bacterial non-coding RNAs act by base-pairing as regulatory elements in crucial biological processes. We performed the identification of trans-encoded small RNAs (sRNA) from the genomes of Mycoplama hyopneumoniae, Mycoplasma flocculare and Mycoplasma hyorhinis, which are Mycoplasma species that have been identified in the porcine respiratory system. RESULTS: A total of 47, 15 and 11 putative sRNAs were predicted in M. hyopneumoniae, M. flocculare and M...
October 25, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797588/association-between-the-foki-and-apai-polymorphisms-in-the-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-and-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Noel Pabalan, Lani Tabangay, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Luiz Angelo Vieira, Aline Amaro Dos Santos, Caio Parente Barbosa, Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues, Bianca Bianco
BACKGROUND: Evidence supporting an association of intervertebral disc degeneration (DD) with polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene has been controversial. We perform a meta-analysis of these studies to determine if there was substantial evidence to support such an association between the VDR polymorphisms and DD. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Science Direct databases were searched for studies that investigated associations of the FokI (rs2228570, rs10735810), and ApaI (rs7975253) polymorphisms of the VDR gene with DD...
October 31, 2016: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768605/a-50-50-electronic-beam-splitter-in-graphene-nanoribbons-as-a-building-block-for-electron-optics
#20
Leandro R F Lima, Alexis R Hernández, Felipe A Pinheiro, Caio Lewenkopf
Based on the investigation of the multi-terminal conductance of a system composed of two graphene nanoribbons, in which one is on top of the other and rotated by [Formula: see text], we propose a setup for a 50/50 electronic beam splitter that neither requires large magnetic fields nor ultra low temperatures. Our findings are based on an atomistic tight-binding description of the system and on the Green function method to compute the Landauer conductance. We demonstrate that this system acts as a perfect 50/50 electronic beam splitter, in which its operation can be switched on and off by varying the doping (Fermi energy)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
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