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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352348/metarhizium-anisopliae-s-l-modulation-of-lipid-metabolism-during-tick-infection-is-independent-of-ampk-and-erk-pathways
#1
Fillipe A Sá, Caio Junior B Coutinho-Rodrigues, Isabele C Angelo, Jéssica P Fiorotti, Georgia C Atella, Vânia Rita E P Bittencourt, Mário Alberto C Silva-Neto
Despite the importance of fat body in metabolism of arthropods, studies in ticks are scarce. This study evaluated the lipid composition and activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) enzymes in Rhipicephalus microplus fat body after infection with different isolates of the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae sensu lato (Metschnikoff, 1879) Sorokin, 1883. The isolates CG 32, GC 112, GC 148, GC 347, and GC 629 were inoculated as viable or non-viable conidia in the ticks...
January 19, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345446/the-first-south-american-case-of-pre-implantation-genetic-diagnosis-to-select-compatible-embryo-for-cord-blood-transplantation-as-treatment-for-sickle-cell-anemia
#2
Ciro D Martinhago, Kalina Rn Endo, Mariana A Oliveira, Alex Mm Dias, Gislaine S Pereira, Augusto M Azzolini, Paula Rq Estrada, Caio G Bruzaca, Ana Carolina N Martinhago
Sickle cell anemia is an inherited systemic hemoglobinopathy that affects hemoglobin production in red blood cells, leading to early morbidity and mortality. It is caused by a homozygous nucleotide substitution (c.20A>T) in the β-globin gene (HBB) that changes a glutamic acid to a valine in the protein. We present a case report of a fertile couple, both carriers of the sickle cell anemia mutation, with one affected daughter. Six cycles of assisted reproductive techniques were performed, resulting in 53 embryos in cleavage stage...
January 18, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345445/the-impact-of-high-progesterone-levels-on-the-day-of-hcg-administration-in-assisted-human-reproduction-treatments
#3
Michelli S Tanada, Ivan H Yoshida, Monise Santos, Caroline Z Berton, Elen Souto, Waldemar P de Carvalho, Emerson B Cordts, Caio P Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Progesterone is a steroid hormone that acts on the endometrium. It is known for producing physical and mood-related side effects. Few studies have looked into how progesterone levels affect embryo development and quality. This study aimed to find a cutoff level for serum progesterone on the day of HCG administration from which embryo quality is impaired. METHODS: The study included 145 cycles, from which 885 oocytes and 613 embryos were obtained. All patients had their serum progesterone levels measured on the day of HCG administration...
January 18, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345166/effects-of-coffee-components-on-muscle-glycogen-recovery-a-systematic-review
#4
Laís Monteiro Rodrigues Loureiro, Caio Eduardo Gonçalves Reis, Teresa Helena Macedo da Costa
Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world and it can improve insulin sensitivity, stimulating glucose uptake in skeletal muscle when adequate carbohydrate intake is observed. The aim of this review is to analyze the effects of coffee and coffee components on muscle glycogen metabolism. A literature search was conducted according to PRISMA and seven studies were included. They explored the effects of coffee components on various substances and signaling proteins. In one of the studies with humans, caffeine was shown to increase glucose levels, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) phosphorylation, glycogen resynthesis rates and glycogen accumulation after exercise...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343858/developmental-pathways-inferred-from-modularity-morphological-integration-and-fluctuating-asymmetry-patterns-in-the-human-face
#5
Mirsha Quinto-Sánchez, Francesc Muñoz-Muñoz, Jorge Gomez-Valdes, Celia Cintas, Pablo Navarro, Caio Cesar Silva de Cerqueira, Carolina Paschetta, Soledad de Azevedo, Virginia Ramallo, Victor Acuña-Alonzo, Kaustubh Adhikari, Macarena Fuentes-Guajardo, Tábita Hünemeier, Paola Everardo, Francisco de Avila, Claudia Jaramillo, Williams Arias, Carla Gallo, Giovani Poletti, Gabriel Bedoya, Maria Cátira Bortolini, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Francisco Rothhammer, Javier Rosique, Andres Ruiz-Linares, Rolando Gonzalez-Jose
Facial asymmetries are usually measured and interpreted as proxies to developmental noise. However, analyses focused on its developmental and genetic architecture are scarce. To advance on this topic, studies based on a comprehensive and simultaneous analysis of modularity, morphological integration and facial asymmetries including both phenotypic and genomic information are needed. Here we explore several modularity hypotheses on a sample of Latin American mestizos, in order to test if modularity and integration patterns differ across several genomic ancestry backgrounds...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340548/the-relation-among-the-physical-activity-level-during-leisure-time-anthropometry-body-composition-and-physical-fitness-of-women-underwent-of-bariatric-surgery-and-an-equivalent-group-with-no-surgery
#6
Caio Machado de Oliveira Terra, Caroline Ferraz Simões, Anselmo Alexandre Mendes, Ronano Pereira Oliveira, Rafaela Pilegi Dada, Victor Hugo de Souza Mendes, João Carlos Locateli, Nelson Nardo-Junior
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an alternative to the obesity treatment. AIM: To compare anthropometric variables such as body composition and physical fitness of those who performed Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: Were evaluated 108 women. They were subdivided in three groups: those who performed the bariatric surgery by private health insurance (SAS, n=36); by the public health care (SUS, n=36), and an equivalent group which did not perform the surgery (NO, n=36)...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340484/evolution-in-the-management-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-brazil
#7
EDITORIAL
Caio Júlio Cesar Dos Santos Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331966/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-sedation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Caio Chaves Guimarães, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Fiqueiró, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of anxious patients undergoing dental procedures is still a challenge in clinical practice. Despite a wide variety of drugs for oral sedation in adult patients, there are relatively few systematic reviews that compare the effectiveness and safety of different drugs administered via this route. Thus, this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sedation with benzodiazepines and other agents to patients undergoing dental surgical procedures...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323931/esophageal-manometry-and-regional-transpulmonary-pressure-in-lung-injury
#9
Takeshi Yoshida, Marcelo B P Amato, Domenico Luca Grieco, Lu Chen, Cristhiano A S Lima, Rollin Roldan, Caio C A Morais, Susimeire Gomes, Eduardo L V Costa, Paulo F G Cardoso, Emmanuel Charbonney, Jean-Christophe M Richard, Laurent Brochard, Brian P Kavanagh
RATIONALE: Esophageal manometry is the clinically available method to estimate pleural pressure, thus enabling calculation of the transpulmonary pressure (PL). However, many concerns make uncertain in which lung region esophageal manometry reflects local PL. OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy of esophageal pressure (Pes) and in which regions esophageal manometry reflects Ppl and PL; to assess whether lung stress in non-dependent regions can be estimated at end-inspiration from PL...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323536/high-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-renders-spontaneous-effort-non-injurious
#10
Caio C A Morais, Yukiko Koyama, Takeshi Yoshida, Glauco M Plens, Susimeire Gomes, Cristhiano L A S Lima, Ozyres P Ramos, Sérgio M Pereira, Naomasa Kawaguchi, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Akinori Uchiyama, João B Borges, Marcos F Vidal Melo, Mauro R Tucci, Marcelo B P Amato, Brian P Kavanagh, Eduardo L V Costa, Yuji Fujino
RATIONALE: In ARDS, atelectatic 'solid-like' lung tissue impairs transmission of negative 'swings' in pleural pressure (Ppl) resulting from diaphragmatic contraction. The localization of more negative Ppl proportionally increases dependent lung stretch by drawing gas either from other lung regions, e.g., non-dependent lung (Pendelluft) or from the ventilator. Lowering of the level of spontaneous effort and/or converting solid-like to fluid-like lung might render spontaneous effort non-injurious...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322365/iron-pots-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-anemia-in-preschoolers
#11
Francisco Plácido Nogueira Arcanjo, Débora Rodrigues Ribeiro Macêdo, Paulo Roberto Santos, Caio Plácido Costa Arcanjo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of food cooked in iron pots for the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia. METHODS: In this cluster randomized clinical trial, authors evaluated preschoolers aged 4-5 y for 16 wk. Children were cluster randomized to either eating from iron pots (Group A) or aluminum pots (Group B). Primary outcome variables were change in hemoglobin concentration and anemia prevalence. Two biochemical evaluations were performed, to determine Hb concentrations, before and after intervention...
January 11, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317412/sociodemographic-factors-level-of-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adults-from-the-north-east-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil-a-cross-sectional-population-study
#12
Nicoly Machado Maciel, Marta Helena Souza De Conti, Sandra Fiorelli Almeida Penteado Simeão, Caio Vitor Dos Santos Genebra, José Eduardo Corrente, Alberto De Vitta
OBJECTIVE: To verify the association among sociodemographic variables, physical activity level and health-related quality of life in adults aged 20 years and over. METHODS: Population-based study, with household sample by clusters. The dependent variables were the PCS and MCS scores of the instrument 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the independent variables were gathered in sociodemographic characteristics and the level of physical activity. Absolute and relative frequency distributions were used for categorical variables and bivariate analysis, using Student's t-test and ANOVA and multivariate using non-conditional logistic regression...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315988/impaired-treg-and-nk-cells-profile-in-overweight-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Thalita Frutuoso Lobo, Camila de Moraes Borges, Rosiane Mattar, Caio Perez Gomes, Ana Geisa Santos de Angelo, Karen Priscilla Tezotto Pendeloski, Silvia Daher
PROBLEM: Maternal obesity is frequently associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and immunological mechanisms seem to be involved in the physiopathology of these conditions. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of immune cells in peripheral blood of overweight women with GDM. METHOD OF STUDY: This case-control study included 27 glucose-tolerant (controls) and 31 GDM overweight pregnant women. Flow cytometry was used to assess the number of regulatory T cells (Treg) and natural killer (NK) cells in the peripheral blood...
January 5, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313866/extensively-drug-resistant-arma-producing-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-an-italian-intensive-care-unit
#14
Carla Caio, Gaetano Maugeri, Tiziana Zingali, Floriana Gona, Stefania Stefani, Maria Lina Mezzatesta
We describe the spread of 12 carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in hospitalized patients. All strains showed an extensively drug-resistant phenotype and high-level of aminoglycoside resistance, harboring the ArmA gene and blaoxa-23 downstream of ISAba1 (transposon Tn2008 arrangement) where both were located on the chromosome. These strains carry a class 1 integrone containing the gene cassette aacA4-catB8-aadA1. Molecular analysis revealed that all isolates belonged to the same sequence type (ST) 2 clone...
January 9, 2018: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306972/text-neck-and-neck-pain-in-18-21-year-old-young-adults
#15
Gerson Moreira Damasceno, Arthur Sá Ferreira, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Igor Caio Santana Andrade, Ney Meziat-Filho
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between text neck and neck pain in young adults. METHODS: Observational cross-sectional study with 150 18-21-year-old young adults from a public high school in the state of Rio de Janeiro was performed. In the self-report questionnaire, the participants answered questions on sociodemographic factors, anthropometric factors, time spent texting or playing on a mobile phone, visual impairments, and concern with the body posture...
January 6, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301134/suprachiasmatic-nucleus-and-subordinate-brain-oscillators-clock-gene-desynchronization-by-neuroinflammation
#16
Leila Maria Guissoni Campos, Rogerio Leone Buchaim, Nathani Cristina da Silva, Caio Sergio Galina Spilla, Alessandre Hataka, Luciana Pinato
OBJECTIVE: The clock genes Period (per) 1 and 2 are essential components in the generation and adjustment of biological circadian rhythms by the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Both genes are also rhythmically present in extrahypothalamic areas such as the hippocampus and cerebellum, considered subordinate oscillators. Several pathological conditions alter rhythmic biological phenomena, but the mechanisms behind these changes involving the clock genes are not well defined. The current study investigated changes in PER1 and PER2 immunoreactivity in the SCN, hippocampus, and cerebellum in a neuroinflammation model...
January 5, 2018: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297969/binding-targets-of-termiticidal-lectins-from-the-bark-and-leaf-of-myracrodruon-urundeuva-in-the-gut-of-nasutitermes-corniger-workers
#17
Thâmarah A Lima, Leonardo P Dornelles, Ana Patrícia S Oliveira, Caio C S Guedes, Sueden O Souza, Roberto A Sá, Russolina B Zingali, Thiago H Napoleão, Patrícia M G Paiva
BACKGROUND: Lectins, carbohydrate-binding proteins, from the bark (MuBL) and leaf (MuLL) of Myracrodruon urundeuva are termiticidal agents against Nasutitermes corniger workers, and have been shown to induce oxidative stress and cell death in the midgut of these insects. In this study, we investigated the binding targets of MuBL and MuLL in the gut of N. corniger workers by determining the effects of these lectins on the activity of digestive enzymes. In addition, we used mass spectrometry to identify peptides from gut proteins that adsorbed to MuBL-Sepharose and MuLL-Sepharose columns...
January 3, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291068/phylogeny-of-anophelinae-using-mitochondrial-protein-coding-genes
#18
Peter G Foster, Tatiane Marques Porangaba de Oliveira, Eduardo S Bergo, Jan E Conn, Denise Cristina Sant'Ana, Sandra Sayuri Nagaki, Silvio Nihei, Carlos Einicker Lamas, Christian González, Caio Cesar Moreira, Maria Anice Mureb Sallum
Malaria is a vector-borne disease that is a great burden on the poorest and most marginalized communities of the tropical and subtropical world. Approximately 41 species of Anopheline mosquitoes can effectively spread species of Plasmodium parasites that cause human malaria. Proposing a natural classification for the subfamily Anophelinae has been a continuous effort, addressed using both morphology and DNA sequence data. The monophyly of the genus Anopheles, and phylogenetic placement of the genus Bironella, subgenera Kerteszia, Lophopodomyia and Stethomyia within the subfamily Anophelinae, remain in question...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279574/sports-drink-consumption-and-dental-erosion-among-amateur-runners
#19
Leonardo S Antunes, Lais Veiga, Victor S Nery, Caio C Nery, Lívia A Antunes
This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence and potential risk factors for dental erosion in amateur athletes at running events. After a sample calculation, 108 runners from the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were selected and examined for dental wear by a single trained and calibrated evaluator (kappa = 1.00). To identify risk factors, the runners were interviewed by using a standardized, semi-structured questionnaire. The average (SD) age of the runners was 34.2 (11.45), and the prevalence of dental erosion was 19...
2017: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277481/risk-of-complications-in-coeliac-patients-depends-on-age-at-diagnosis-and-type-of-clinical-presentation
#20
Federico Biagi, Annalisa Schiepatti, Gregorio Maiorano, Giacomo Fraternale, Simona Agazzi, Fabiana Zingone, Carolina Ciacci, Umberto Volta, Giacomo Caio, Raffaella Tortora, Catherine Klersy, Gino R Corazza
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease is characterised by an increased mortality mostly due to its complications. AIMS: To study the risk of developing complications according to clinical presentation and age at diagnosis, a combined retrospective-prospective longitudinal study was performed in three Italian centres. METHODS: Incidence of complications and mortality rates were calculated using type and age at diagnosis of coeliac disease, sex, and centre of diagnosis as predictors...
December 8, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
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