keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Caio

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094904/hormetic-effects-of-glyphosate-on-plants
#1
REVIEW
Ivana Pfs Brito, Leandro Tropaldi, Caio A Carbonari, Edivaldo D Velini
As all herbicides act on pathways or processes crucial to plants, in an inhibitory or stimulatory way, low rates of any herbicide might be used to modulate plant growth, development, or plant composition. Glyphosate is the most used pesticide in the world, and very low rates of this herbicide can stimulate plant growth, an effect called hormesis. Several studies have shown that glyphosate applications at low rates can increase plant growth, induce shikimic acid accumulation, increase photosynthesis and stomatal opening, increase seed production, and shorten the plant life cycle...
January 17, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076602/incidence-of-y-chromosome-microdeletions-in-children-whose-fathers-underwent-vasectomy-reversal-or-in-vitro-fertilization-with-epididymal-sperm-aspiration-a-case-control-study
#2
Milton Ghirelli-Filho, Patricia Leme de Marchi, Fernanda Abani Mafra, Viviane Cavalcanti, Denise Maria Christofolini, Caio Parente Barbosa, Bianca Bianco, Sidney Glina
Objective: To evaluate the incidence of Y-chromosome microdeletions in individuals born from vasectomized fathers who underwent vasectomy reversal or in vitro fertilization with sperm retrieval by epididymal aspiration (percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration). Methods: A case-control study comprising male children of couples in which the man had been previously vasectomized and chose vasectomy reversal (n=31) or in vitro fertilization with sperm retrieval by percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (n=30) to conceive new children, and a Control Group of male children of fertile men who had programmed vasectomies (n=60)...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076596/prevalence-of-inter-hemispheric-asymetry-in-children-and-adolescents-with-interdisciplinary-diagnosis-of-non-verbal-learning-disorder
#3
Alessandra Bernardes Caturani Wajnsztejn, Bianca Bianco, Caio Parente Barbosa
Objective: To describe clinical and epidemiological features of children and adolescents with interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder and to investigate the prevalence of inter-hemispheric asymmetry in this population group. Methods: Cross-sectional study including children and adolescents referred for interdisciplinary assessment with learning difficulty complaints, who were given an interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068275/influence-of-indexed-abutments-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-internal-conical-dental-implants
#4
Karla Zancopé, Caio César Dias Resende, Lucas Nascimento Tavares, Flávio Domingues das Neves
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of abutments with a prosthetic index on the fracture resistance of Morse taper dental implants. Morse taper implants were divided into 2 groups (n = 5 per group): a group with an indexed implant and a nonindexed abutment (solid Morse taper universal post; WIS group), and a group with an indexed implant and an indexed abutment (WIP group). Both groups were subjected to bending tests for fracture strength until 5 mm of displacement or implant fracture occurred...
January 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064141/methoxylated-2-hydroxychalcones-as-antiparasitic-hit-compounds
#5
Chiara Borsari, Nuno Santarem, Juan Torrado, Ana Isabel Olías, María Jesús Corral, Catarina Baptista, Sheraz Gul, Markus Wolf, Maria Kuzikov, Bernhard Ellinger, Gesa Witt, Philip Gribbon, Jeanette Reinshagen, Pasquale Linciano, Annalisa Tait, Luca Costantino, Lucio H Freitas-Junior, Carolina B Moraes, Pascoalino Bruno Dos Santos, Laura Maria Alcântara, Caio Haddad Franco, Claudia Danielli Bertolacini, Vanessa Fontana, Paloma Tejera Nevado, Joachim Clos, José María Alunda, Anabela Cordeiro-da-Silva, Stefania Ferrari, Maria Paola Costi
Chalcones display a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities. Herein, a series of 2'-hydroxy methoxylated chalcones was synthesized and evaluated towards Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi and Leishmania infantum. Among the synthesized library, compounds 1, 3, 4, 7 and 8 were the most potent and selective anti-T. brucei compounds (EC50 = 1.3-4.2 μM, selectivity index >10-fold). Compound 4 showed the best early-tox and antiparasitic profile. The pharmacokinetic studies of compound 4 in BALB/c mice using hydroxypropil-β-cyclodextrins formulation showed a 7...
December 9, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063087/antimicrobial-activity-and-acute-toxicity-of-ozonated-lomefloxacin-solution
#6
Amanda Marchi Duarte de Oliveira, Milena Guedes Maniero, Caio Rodrigues-Silva, José Roberto Guimarães
Lomefloxacin (LOM) is a synthetic antimicrobial from the fluoroquinolone family (FQ) used as a veterinary and human drug. Once in the environment, LOM may pose a risk to aquatic and terrestrial microorganisms due to its antimicrobial activity. This study evaluated the effect of ozonation of LOM (500 μg L(-1)), the residual antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and acute toxicity against Vibrio fischeri. In addition, degradation products were investigated by UHPLC-MS/MS and proposed. Ozonation was carried out varying the applied ozone dose from 0 to 54...
January 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060876/socioeconomic-status-is-not-related-with-facial-fluctuating-asymmetry-evidence-from-latin-american-populations
#7
Mirsha Quinto-Sánchez, Celia Cintas, Caio Cesar Silva de Cerqueira, Virginia Ramallo, Victor Acuña-Alonzo, Kaustubh Adhikari, Lucía Castillo, Jorge Gomez-Valdés, Paola Everardo, Francisco De Avila, Tábita Hünemeier, Claudia Jaramillo, Williams Arias, Macarena Fuentes, Carla Gallo, Giovani Poletti, Lavinia Schuler-Faccini, Maria Cátira Bortolini, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Francisco Rothhammer, Gabriel Bedoya, Javier Rosique, Andrés Ruiz-Linares, Rolando González-José
The expression of facial asymmetries has been recurrently related with poverty and/or disadvantaged socioeconomic status. Departing from the developmental instability theory, previous approaches attempted to test the statistical relationship between the stress experienced by individuals grown in poor conditions and an increase in facial and corporal asymmetry. Here we aim to further evaluate such hypothesis on a large sample of admixed Latin Americans individuals by exploring if low socioeconomic status individuals tend to exhibit greater facial fluctuating asymmetry values...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049483/pterodon-emarginatus-oleoresin-based-nanoemulsion-as-a-promising-tool-for-culex-quinquefasciatus-diptera-culicidae-control
#8
Anna E M F M Oliveira, Jonatas L Duarte, Rodrigo A S Cruz, Raimundo N P Souto, Ricardo M A Ferreira, Taires Peniche, Edemilson C da Conceição, Leandra A R de Oliveira, Silvia M M Faustino, Alexandro C Florentino, José C T Carvalho, Caio P Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Preparation of nanoformulations using natural products as bioactive substances is considered very promising for innovative larvicidal agents. On this context, oil in water nanoemulsions develop a main role, since they satisfactorily disperse poor-water soluble substances, such as herbal oils, in aqueous media. Pterodon emarginatus, popularly known as sucupira, has a promising bioactive oleoresin. However, to our knowledge, no previous studies were carried out to evaluate its potential against Culex quinquefasciatus, the main vector of the tropical neglected disease called lymphatic filariasis or elephantiasis...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045892/cyclobenzaprine-raises-ros-levels-in-leishmania-infantum-and-reduces-parasite-burden-in-infected-mice
#9
Edézio Ferreira Cunha-Júnior, Valter Viana Andrade-Neto, Marta Lopes Lima, Thais Alves da Costa-Silva, Andres J Galisteo Junior, Maria A Abengózar, Coral Barbas, Luis Rivas, Elmo Eduardo Almeida-Amaral, Andre Gustavo Tempone, Eduardo Caio Torres-Santos
BACKGROUND: The leishmanicidal action of tricyclic antidepressants has been studied and evidences have pointed that their action is linked to inhibition of trypanothione reductase, a key enzyme in the redox metabolism of pathogenic trypanosomes. Cyclobenzaprine (CBP) is a tricyclic structurally related to the antidepressant amitriptyline, differing only by the presence of a double bond in the central ring. This paper describes the effect of CBP in experimental visceral leishmaniasis, its inhibitory effect in trypanothione reductase and the potential immunomodulatory activity...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036310/comparison-of-hrm-analysis-and-three-rep-pcr-genomic-fingerprint-methods-for-rapid-typing-of-mrsa-at-a-brazilian-hospital
#10
Giovana Carolina Bodnar, Heloísa Moreira Martins, Caio Ferreira De Oliveira, Alexandre Tadachi Morey, Eliandro Reis Tavares, Juscélio Donizete Cardoso, Marcia Regina Eches Perugini, Lucy Megumi Yamauchi Lioni, Sueli Fumie Yamada-Ogatta, Renata Katsuko Takayama Kobayashi, Gerson Nakazato
INTRODUCTION: Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are increasingly common and represent a serious problem for public health. Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major agents of infections, and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has spread worldwide. The aim of this study was to phenotypically and genotypically characterize 55 MRSAs isolated in the University Hospital of Londrina, Paraná, Brazil, during 2010. METHODOLOGY: Bacterial isolates were characterized based on their antimicrobial susceptibility profile, biofilm production capacity, and staphylococcal chromosome cassette mec (SCCmec) type...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025442/clinical-efficacy-of-a-1-matricaria-chamomile-l-mouthwash-and-0-12-chlorhexidine-for-gingivitis-control-in-patients-undergoing-orthodontic-treatment-with-fixed-appliances
#11
Paula Goes, Caio S Dutra, Mário R P Lisboa, Delane V Gondim, Renata Leitão, Gerly A C Brito, Rodrigo O Rego
This pilot study evaluated the clinical efficacy of a mouthwash containing 1% Matricaria chamomilla L. (MTC) extract in reducing gingival inflammation and plaque formation in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study enrolled a total of 30 males and females (age, 10-40 years) with fixed orthodontic appliances and a minimum of 20 natural teeth. The participants were allocated to three groups (n = 10 each) and asked to rinse with 15 mL of a placebo, 0...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024332/structure-and-growth-of-hexagonal-boron-nitride-on-ir-111
#12
Ferdinand H Farwick Zum Hagen, Domenik M Zimmermann, Caio C Silva, Christoph Schlueter, Nicolae Atodiresei, Wouter Jolie, Antonio J Martínez-Galera, Daniela Dombrowski, Ulrike A Schröder, Moritz Will, Predrag Lazić, Vasile Caciuc, Stefan Blügel, Tien-Lin Lee, Thomas Michely, Carsten Busse
Using the X-ray standing wave method, scanning tunneling microscopy, low energy electron diffraction, and density functional theory, we precisely determine the lateral and vertical structure of hexagonal boron nitride on Ir(111). The moiré superstructure leads to a periodic arrangement of strongly chemisorbed valleys in an otherwise rather flat, weakly physisorbed plane. The best commensurate approximation of the moiré unit cell is (12 × 12) boron nitride cells resting on (11 × 11) substrate cells, which is at variance with several earlier studies...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011131/functional-brain-networks-in-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia
#13
Eleni P Ganella, Cali F Bartholomeusz, Caio Seguin, Sarah Whittle, Chad Bousman, Christina Phassouliotis, Ian Everall, Christos Pantelis, Andrew Zalesky
INTRODUCTION: Up to 20% of individuals with schizophrenia show minimal or no response to medication and are considered to have 'treatment-resistant' schizophrenia (TRS). Unlike early and established schizophrenia, few studies have investigated resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) in TRS. Here, we test for disruptions in FC and altered efficiency of functional brain networks in a well-characterized cohort of TRS patients. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate functional brain networks in 42 TRS participants prescribed clozapine (30 males, mean age=41...
December 20, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009804/evaluation-of-chemical-composition-and-antileishmanial-and-antituberculosis-activities-of-essential-oils-of-piper-species
#14
Karine Zanoli Bernuci, Camila Cristina Iwanaga, Carla Maria Mariano Fernandez-Andrade, Fabiana Brusco Lorenzetti, Eduardo Caio Torres-Santos, Viviane Dos Santos Faiões, José Eduardo Gonçalves, Wanderlei do Amaral, Cícero Deschamps, Regiane Bertin de Lima Scodro, Rosilene Fressatti Cardoso, Vanessa Pietrowski Baldin, Diógenes Aparício Garcia Cortez
Essential oils from fresh Piperaceae leaves were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and a total of 68 components were identified. Principal components analysis results showed a chemical variability between species, with sesquiterpene compounds predominating in the majority of species analyzed. The composition of the essential oil of Piper mosenii was described for the first time. The cytotoxicity of the essential oils was evaluated in peritoneal macrophages and the oils of P...
December 12, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000044/dysregulation-between-trim63-fbxo32-expression-and-soleus-muscle-wasting-in-diabetic-rats-potential-role-of-mir-1-3p-29a-b-3p-and-133a-b-3p
#15
Frederico Gerlinger-Romero, Caio Yogi Yonamine, Danilo Correa Pinto Junior, João Victor DelConti Esteves, Ubiratan Fabres Machado
Diabetes mellitus (DM) induces a variable degree of muscle sarcopenia, which may be related to protein degradation and to the expression of both E3 ubiquitin ligases and some specific microRNAs (miRNAs). The present study investigated the effect of diabetes and acute muscle contraction upon the TRIM63 and FBXO32 expression as well as the potential involvement of some miRNAs. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin and studied after 30 days. Soleus muscles were harvested, stimulated to contract in vitro for twitch tension analysis (0...
December 20, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993507/percutaneous-image-guided-irreversible-electroporation-for-the-treatment-of-unresectable-locally-advanced-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#16
Govindarajan Narayanan, Peter J Hosein, Isabelle C Beulaygue, Tatiana Froud, Hester J Scheffer, Shree R Venkat, Ana M Echenique, Elizabeth C Hevert, Alan S Livingstone, Caio M Rocha-Lima, Jaime R Merchan, Joseph U Levi, Jose M Yrizarry, Riccardo Lencioni
PURPOSE: To describe safety and effectiveness of percutaneous irreversible electroporation (IRE) for treatment of unresectable, locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (LAPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 50 patients (23 women, 27 men; age range, 46-91 y; median age, 62.5 y) with biopsy-proven, unresectable LAPC who received percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided IRE. The primary objective was to assess the safety profile of the procedure; the secondary objective was to determine overall survival (OS)...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984378/analysis-of-conservative-surgical-treatment-and-prognosis-of-microinvasive-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-cervix-stage-ia1-results-of-follow-up-to-20-years
#17
Caio Augusto Hartman, Julio Cesar Teixeira, Sergio Bruno Barbosa, Stephanye Mariano Figueiredo, Liliana Aparecida Lucci De Angelo Andrade, Joana Froes Bragança Bastos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognosis and recurrence of microinvasive squamous cervical (MIC) cancer stage IA1 in women treated conservatively or by hysterectomy, and followed-up to 20 years. METHODS: It was studied in a cohort of 139 women with MIC, 41 definitively managed by conization and 98 by hysterectomy from January 1994 to December 2003 and followed-up until 2013. The definitive treatment, age, conization technique (loop electrosurgical excision procedure or cold knife conization), cone margin, residual disease in hysterectomy specimen, and the association with recurrence (intraepithelial cervical neoplasia grade 3/intraepithelial vaginal neoplasia grade 3 or worse, and microinvasive or worse) were analyzed...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982220/amblyopia-neural-basis-and-therapeutic-approaches
#18
Caio César Peixoto Bretas, Renato Nery Soriano
Abnormalities in visual processing caused by visual deprivation or abnormal binocular interaction may induce amblyopia, which is characterized by reduced visual acuity. Occlusion therapy, the conventional treatment, requires special attention as occlusion of the fellow normal eye may reduce its visual acuity and impair binocular vision. Besides recovering visual acuity, some researchers have recommended restoration of stereoacuity and motor fusion and reverse suppression in order to prevent diplopia. Recent studies have documented that the amblyopic visual cortex has a normal complement of cells but reduced spatial resolution and a disordered topographical map...
September 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979692/therapeutic-potential-and-limitations-of-cholinergic-anti-inflammatory-pathway-in-sepsis
#19
REVIEW
Alexandre Kanashiro, Fabiane Sônego, Raphael G Ferreira, Fernanda V S Castanheira, Caio A Leite, Vanessa F Borges, Daniele C Nascimento, David F Cólon, José Carlos Alves-Filho, Luis Ulloa, Fernando Q Cunha
Sepsis is one of the main causes of mortality in hospitalized patients. Despite the recent technical advances and the development of novel generation of antibiotics, severe sepsis remains a major clinical and scientific challenge in modern medicine. Unsuccessful efforts have been dedicated to the search of therapeutic options to treat the deleterious inflammatory components of sepsis. Recent findings on neuronal networks controlling immunity raised expectations for novel therapeutic strategies to promote the regulation of sterile inflammation, such as autoimmune diseases...
December 12, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976685/disentangling-the-influence-of-earthworms-in-sugarcane-rhizosphere
#20
Lucas P P Braga, Caio A Yoshiura, Clovis D Borges, Marcus A Horn, George G Brown, Harold L Drake, Siu M Tsai
For the last 150 years many studies have shown the importance of earthworms for plant growth, but the exact mechanisms involved in the process are still poorly understood. Many important functions required for plant growth can be performed by soil microbes in the rhizosphere. To investigate earthworm influence on the rhizosphere microbial community, we performed a macrocosm experiment with and without Pontoscolex corethrurus (EW+ and EW-, respectively) and followed various soil and rhizosphere processes for 217 days with sugarcane...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
104585
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"