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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793120/socioeconomic-status-of-parents-with-children-participating-on-youth-club-sport-teams
#1
Eric G Post, Nicole E Green, Daniel A Schaefer, Stephanie M Trigsted, M Alison Brooks, Timothy A McGuine, Andrew M Watson, David R Bell
OBJECTIVES: To describe the socioeconomic status, measured by household income and educational attainment, of parents with children participating on youth club sport teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Local sport events. PARTICIPANTS: 949 parents (571 female) of youth athletes between 10 and 18 years old were recruited at club team events and practices to complete an anonymous questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SES variables included total household income (THI) and educational attainment...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792954/increased-brain-docosahexaenoic-acid-has-no-effect-on-the-resolution-of-neuroinflammation-following-intracerebroventricular-lipopolysaccharide-injection
#2
Marc-Olivier Trépanier, Kathryn E Hopperton, Vanessa Giuliano, Mojgan Masoodi, Richard P Bazinet
Resolution of inflammation in the periphery was once thought to be a passive process, but new research now suggests it is an active process mediated by specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPM) derived from omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). However, this has yet to be illustrated in neuroinflammation. The purpose of this study was to measure resolution of neuroinflammation and to test whether increasing brain docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) affects the resolution of neuroinflammation. C57Bl/6 mice, fat-1 mice and their wildtype littermates, fed either fish oil or safflower oil, received lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the left lateral ventricle...
May 21, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791634/effects-of-health-education-in-the-elderly-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#3
Francine Golghetto Casemiro, Diana Monteiro Quirino, Maria Angélica Andreotti Diniz, Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues, Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Aline Cristina Martins Gratão
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the effects of health education on both cognition and depressive/anxiety symptoms in the elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). METHOD: this is a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Participants (n=22) were recruited from a specialized outpatient clinic, and assigned into two groups: a Health Education Group (HEG) (n=10) and a Control Group (CG) (n=12). The participants were evaluated before and after the intervention, which was composed of classes and dynamics...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791546/rapid-molecular-test-for-tuberculosis-impact-of-its-routine-use-at-a-referral-hospital
#4
Marilda Casela, Silvânia Maria Andrade Cerqueira, Thais de Oliveira Casela, Mariana Araújo Pereira, Samanta Queiroz Dos Santos, Franco Andres Del Pozo, Songeli Menezes Freire, Eliana Dias Matos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the use of the molecular test for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its resistance to rifampin (Xpert MTB/RIF), under routine conditions, at a referral hospital in the Brazilian state of Bahia. METHODS: This was a descriptive study using the database of the Mycobacteriology Laboratory of the Octávio Mangabeira Specialized Hospital, in the city of Salvador, and georeferencing software. We evaluated 3,877 sputum samples collected from symptomatic respiratory patients, under routine conditions, between June of 2014 and March of 2015...
April 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790684/the-effect-of-music-on-the-cardiac-activity-of-a-fetus-in-a-cardiotocographic-examination
#5
Grażyna Gebuza, Marta Zaleska, Marzena Kaźmierczak, Estera Mieczkowska, Małgorzata Gierszewska
BACKGROUND: Music therapy as an adjunct to treatment is rarely used in perinatology and obstetrics, despite the proven therapeutic effect. Auditory stimulation through music positively impacts the health of adults and infants, its special role being observed in the development of prematurely born neonates. It is equally interesting how music impacts fetuses. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the parameters of fetuses through cardiotocographic recording in women in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy while listening to Pyotr Tchaikovsky's "Sleeping Beauty" and "Swan Lake...
April 24, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790546/dietary-fibers-prebiotics-and-exopolysaccharides-produced-by-lactic-acid-bacteria-potential-health-benefits-with-special-regard-to-cholesterol-lowering-effects
#6
REVIEW
E Korcz, Z Kerényi, L Varga
The gastrointestinal (GIT) microbiota, which plays a crucial role in human health, is influenced by a number of factors including diet. Consumption of specific dietary ingredients, such as dietary fibers and prebiotics, is an avenue by which the microbiota can be positively modulated. These substances may also reduce serum cholesterol levels through various mechanisms. Interest has increased in methods of reducing blood cholesterol level, because dyslipidemia is recognized as a contributory risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases...
May 23, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790174/an-update-of-nih-research-funding-of-aapm-members-from-1985-to-2017
#7
Brendan Whelan
Excellence in scientific research is one of the three pillars of the AAPMs mission to advance medicine, along with excellence in education and professional practice. The primary funder of medical research in the USA is the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which in 2017 had a budget of $33 billion USD. The Working Group for a Research Database (WGRD) previously published a special report into the development and testing of an algorithm to create a database of NIH funding of AAPM members [1]. The published data covered the years 1985 to 2015...
May 23, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790110/prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-general-korean-population-an-analysis-of-a-population-based-nationally-representative-sample
#8
Yunkyung Kim, Jihun Kang, Geun-Tae Kim
Hyperuricemia is not only a risk factor for gout but also an independent determinant of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases. Although the incidence of gout in Korean adults is increasing, epidemiologic studies on hyperuricemia in the general Korean population are limited. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among non-institutionalized Korean adults. The present study included 5548 participants (2403 men and 3145 women) aged ≥ 19 years from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789090/the-giant-hand-illusion-experienced-on-a-simulator
#9
Petr Frantis, Antonin Petru
BACKGROUND: This paper discusses a special kind of a sensory illusion-the Giant Hand illusion-that was experienced during an exercise on a flight simulator equipped with a VR headset. In the first part we describe spatial disorientation and the function of the vestibular apparatus during flight and its consequences. In this part, the sensory illusion simulator used for the experiment is mentioned. In the second part we describe the simulator and test flight. In the third part we discuss data retrieved during simulator flights that are important for explaining the Giant Hand illusion...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788859/female-judo-athletes-physical-test-performances-are-unrelated-to-technical-tactical-competition-skills
#10
Rafael L Kons, Juliano Dal Pupo, Jonathan Ache-Dias, Daniele Detanico
This study analyzed the relationship between generic and judo-specific physical test performances and technical-tactical competition performances among 19 female judo athletes. Participant data were gathered in two stages: (a) physical tests-countermovement jump (CMJ), handgrip strength, Special Judo Fitness Test and Judogi Grip Strength Test; and (b) match performances recorded for technical-tactical analysis. Pearson's linear correlation and multiple linear regression analysis showed no significant correlations between any technical-tactical parameter and judo-specific physical tests...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788482/a-telehealth-system-for-automated-diagnosis-of-asthma-and-chronical-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Lejla Gurbeta, Almir Badnjevic, Mirjana Maksimovic, Enisa Omanovic-Miklicanin, Ervin Sejdic
This paper presents the development and real-time testing of an automated expert diagnostic telehealth system for the diagnosis of 2 respiratory diseases, asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The system utilizes Android, Java, MATLAB, and PHP technologies and consists of a spirometer, mobile application, and expert diagnostic system. To evaluate the effectiveness of the system, a prospective study was carried out in 3 remote primary healthcare institutions, and one hospital in Bosnia and Herzegovina healthcare system...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788157/weight-loss-in-achalasia-is-determined-by-its-phenotype
#12
D A Patel, R Naik, J C Slaughter, T Higginbotham, H Silver, M F Vaezi
Patients with achalasia present with dysphagia, regurgitation, and varying degrees of weight loss. However, despite it being a disorder of the lower esophageal sphincter with functional obstruction in all patients, it is unclear why certain patients lose significantly more weight compared to others. The aims of this study are to assess demographic, clinical, and manometric characteristics of a large cohort of patients with achalasia to determine potential correlates of weight loss in this population. Patients with diagnosis of achalasia referred to our center between 2009 and 2016 were evaluated...
May 18, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787908/impact-of-fouling-on-the-decline-of-aeration-efficiency-under-different-operational-conditions-at-wrrfs
#13
Manel Garrido-Baserba, Pitiporn Asvapathanagul, Hee-Deung Park, Taek-Seung Kim, G Andres Baquero-Rodriguez, Betty H Olson, Diego Rosso
Biofilm formation influences the most energy-demanding process in the waste water treatment cycle. Biofilm growth on the surface of wastewater aeration diffusers in water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) can increase the energy requirements up to 50% in less than 2 years. The impact of biofilms in aeration diffusers was quantified and assessed for first time using molecular tools (i.e., Energy-dispersive X-ray, Ra and RMS and Pyrosequencing) and state-of-the-art techniques (i.e., EPS quantification, Hydrophobicity and DNA quantification)...
May 19, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787887/human-pegivirus-persistence-in-the-human-blood-virome-after-allogeneic-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#14
Diem-Lan Vu, Samuel Cordey, Federico Simonetta, Francisco Brito, Mylène Docquier, Lara Turin, Christian van Delden, Elsa Boely, Carole Dantin, Amandine Pradier, Eddy Roosnek, Yves Chalandon, Evgeny M Zdobnov, Stavroula Masouridi-Levrat, Laurent Kaiser
OBJECTIVES: As commensal viruses are defined by the immunological tolerance afforded to them, any immunomodulation, such as is received during haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, may shift the demarcation between innocuous viral resident and disease-causing pathogen. METHODS: We analysed by deep-sequencing the plasma virome of 40 allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HSCT) patients 1 month post-transplantation. As human pegivirus (HPgV) was highly prevalent, we performed a one-year screening of 122 plasma samples by specific rRT-PCR assay...
May 19, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787560/neutrophils-to-lymphocytes-ratio-and-platelets-to-lymphocytes-ratio-in-pregnancy-a-population-study
#15
Anat Hershko Klement, Efrat Hadi, Aula Asali, Tal Shavit, Amir Wiser, Einat Haikin, Yael Barkan, Tal Biron-Shental, Alona Zer, Yifat Gadot
BACKGROUND: Neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio (NLR) and platelets to lymphocytes ratio (PLR) are both inflammatory ratios that can be easily calculated from a simple blood count. They are frequently reported and tested as prognostic factors in several medical disciplines. Pregnancy involves special reference values for laboratory assays. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to define pregnancy-related reference values for NLR and PLR according to trimester, background morbidity and according to the patient's age...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786704/peri-implant-tissue-score-pits-as-a-measure-of-success-applied-to-869-dental-implants-from-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#16
Zbyněk Mazur, Ladislav Korábek, Daniel Mazur
OBJECTIVE: This article presents a methodology of a comprehensive score for assessment and monitoring of dental implant success from the peri-implant tissue perspective. It involves only standard and minimally invasive techniques accessible to general dental practices, without the need for special equipment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The proposed score methodology combines existing consensual global knowledge regarding aspects of dental implant success with the standard examination tools accepted for regular recall assessment...
May 17, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786594/-brain-microbleeds-definition-pathophysiology-and-the-consequences
#17
Marek Mazurek, Ewa Papuć, Konrad Rejdak
Brain microbleeds are defined as small, circular hypointense changes in T2-sequensec of brain MRI, well demarcated from the surrounding tissue. They represent the phagocytized products of blood distribution extravasated from pathologically altered vessels. The echo-T2-dependent gradient (GRE) and magnetic susceptibility testing (SWI) sequences are usually used to visualize them. The pathogenesis of microbleeds very complex but angiopathy associated with arterial hypertension and cerebral amyloid angiopathy play a special role...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786161/evidence-for-horizontal-gene-transfer-and-separation-of-effector-recognition-from-effector-function-revealed-by-analysis-of-effector-genes-shared-between-cape-gooseberry-and-tomato-infecting-formae-speciales-of-fusarium-oxysporum
#18
Jaime Simbaqueba, Ann-Maree Catanzariti, Carolina González, David A Jones
RNAseq reads from cape-gooseberry plants (Physalis peruviana) infected with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. physali (Foph) were mapped against the lineage-specific transcriptome of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) to look for putative effector genes. Homologues of Fol SIX1 (designated SIX1a and SIX1b), SIX7, SIX10, SIX12, SIX15 and Ave1 were identified. The near identity of the Foph and Fol SIX7, SIX10 and SIX12 genes and their intergenic regions suggest that this gene cluster may have undergone recent lateral transfer...
May 22, 2018: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784040/antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-patients-with-infection-at-tikur-anbessa-specialized-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#19
Sileshi Tadesse, Haile Alemayehu, Admasu Tenna, Getachew Tadesse, Tefaye Sisay Tessema, Workineh Shibeshi, Tadesse Eguale
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major pathogens of public health importance responsible for various forms of infection. Development of resistance to commonly used antimicrobials limited treatment options against infections due to this pathogen. Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with surgical site infection and ear infection and corresponding nasal swab was investigated in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (TASH), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783907/association-between-potential-drug-interactions-and-clinical-outcomes-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantations
#20
Ingrid Apm Valverde, Mario Js da Silva, Maely Pf Retto
The association of anti-infective, antineoplastic and immunosuppressant drugs makes patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation susceptible to the effects resulting from drug interactions. In this study, we analyzed the potential drug interactions in the association between anti-infective, antineoplastic and immunomodulators agents and their clinical effects presented by patients from a bone marrow transplant service of a Brazilian hospital specialized in cancer treatment. The retrospective cohort involved patients in the conditioning phase undergoing transplantation in the year 2013...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
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