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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717799/information-education-and-health-behaviors-evidence-from-the-mmr-vaccine-autism-controversy
#1
Lenisa V Chang
In the wake of strong, although later refuted, claims of a link between autism and the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, I examine whether fewer parents immunized or delayed vaccinations for their children and if there was a differential response by mother's education level. Using various controls and a differencing strategy that compares in MMR take-up with other vaccines, I find that the MMR-autism controversy led to a decline in the immediate years and that there were negative spillovers onto other vaccines...
May 2, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554290/intentions-to-use-a-novel-zika-vaccine-the-effects-of-misbeliefs-about-the-mmr-vaccine-and-perceptions-about-zika
#2
Yotam Ophir, Kathleen Hall Jamieson
Background: People's intentions to use vaccines are influenced by their beliefs about both the specific vaccine and the disease it prevents. In the absence of firm beliefs about Zika virus (ZIKV), individuals may base their intentions to vaccinate against it on beliefs about other vaccines, and specifically the misbelief that MMR causes autism. Methods: A survey of 3337 Americans, using a random-digit-dialing sample of landline telephone households and cell-phones...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521536/autism-narratives-in-media-coverage-of-the-mmr-vaccine-autism-controversy-under-a-crip-futurism-framework
#3
Benjamin W Mann
While previous studies in health communication have examined online news media regarding autism, there is a lack of research that critically examines how such media representations may stigmatize autism and seeks to eliminate the condition, particularly in the context of the resurging measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine-autism controversy. To address this gap in the literature, this study analyzes 153 articles that engage the MMR vaccine-autism controversy from the top 10 online news sources in the U...
March 9, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476951/current-status-of-vaccines-in-psychiatry-a-narrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Harshini Manohar, Vikas Menon
INTRODUCTION: Vaccines are one of the newer therapeutic modalities being researched in psychiatric illnesses with limited role of pharmacological interventions. Preclinical studies on vaccines have shown favorable results in conditions like Substance use Disorders and Alzheimer's Dementia. However, the utility of Mumps Measles Rubella vaccine has been overshadowed by controversy linked to causation of Autism. With this background, the current narrative review aimed to comprehensively and critically evaluate the current status of vaccines in Psychiatric illnesses...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305176/content-and-accuracy-of-vaccine-information-on-pediatrician-blogs
#5
Mersine A Bryan, Hailey Gunningham, Megan A Moreno
BACKGROUND: Parents often use social media such as blogs to inform decisions about vaccinations, however little is known about pediatrician blogs addressing vaccines. The objective of this study was to assess content, citations, audience engagement and accuracy of vaccine information on pediatrician blogs. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a content analysis of vaccine information on pediatrician blogs. A national sample of pediatrician blogs was identified using a search rubric of terms applied to multiple search engines...
January 29, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736200/the-web-and-public-confidence-in-mmr-vaccination-in-italy
#6
Francesco Aquino, Gabriele Donzelli, Emanuela De Franco, Gaetano Privitera, Pier Luigi Lopalco, Annalaura Carducci
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination coverage in Italy has been decreasing starting from 2012 and, at the present, none of the Italian regions has achieved the goal of 95% coverage target. A decision of the Court of Justice of Rimini in March 2012 that awarded vaccine-injury compensation for a case of autism has been indicated as a probable trigger event leading to a reduction of vaccine confidence in Italy. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between MMR vaccination coverage to online search trends and social network activity on the topic "autism and MMR vaccine", during the period 2010-2015...
August 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704520/a-self-affirmation-exercise-does-not-improve-intentions-to-vaccinate-among-parents-with-negative-vaccine-attitudes-and-may-decrease-intentions-to-vaccinate
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rachael D Reavis, Jacob B Ebbs, Adaobi K Onunkwo, L Mariah Sage
Two studies investigated the effectiveness of a self-affirmation exercise on vaccine safety beliefs and intent to vaccinate future children. In Study 1, a sample of 585 parents with at least one child under the age of 18 in the home participated through Amazon's MTurk. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions in a 2 x 2 design. Participants read either correcting information refuting a link between the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism or a control passage about bird feeding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554500/semantic-network-analysis-of-vaccine-sentiment-in-online-social-media
#8
Gloria J Kang, Sinclair R Ewing-Nelson, Lauren Mackey, James T Schlitt, Achla Marathe, Kaja M Abbas, Samarth Swarup
OBJECTIVE: To examine current vaccine sentiment on social media by constructing and analyzing semantic networks of vaccine information from highly shared websites of Twitter users in the United States; and to assist public health communication of vaccines. BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy continues to contribute to suboptimal vaccination coverage in the United States, posing significant risk of disease outbreaks, yet remains poorly understood. METHODS: We constructed semantic networks of vaccine information from internet articles shared by Twitter users in the United States...
June 22, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225070/speech-specific-categorical-perception-deficit-in-autism-an-event-related-potential-study-of-lexical-tone-processing-in-mandarin-speaking-children
#9
Xiaoyue Wang, Suiping Wang, Yuebo Fan, Dan Huang, Yang Zhang
Recent studies reveal that tonal language speakers with autism have enhanced neural sensitivity to pitch changes in nonspeech stimuli but not to lexical tone contrasts in their native language. The present ERP study investigated whether the distinct pitch processing pattern for speech and nonspeech stimuli in autism was due to a speech-specific deficit in categorical perception of lexical tones. A passive oddball paradigm was adopted to examine two groups (16 in the autism group and 15 in the control group) of Chinese children's Mismatch Responses (MMRs) to equivalent pitch deviations representing within-category and between-category differences in speech and nonspeech contexts...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836435/vaccine-safety-evaluation-practical-aspects-in-assessing-benefits-and-risks
#10
Alberta Di Pasquale, Paolo Bonanni, Nathalie Garçon, Lawrence R Stanberry, Mostafa El-Hodhod, Fernanda Tavares Da Silva
Vaccines are different from most medicines in that they are administered to large and mostly healthy populations including infants and children, so there is a low tolerance for potential risks or side-effects. In addition, the long-term benefits of immunisation in reducing or eliminating infectious diseases may induce complacency due to the absence of cases. However, as demonstrated in recent measles outbreaks in Europe and United States, reappearance of the disease occurs as soon as vaccine coverage falls...
December 20, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566772/a-model-to-estimate-the-impact-of-changes-in-mmr-vaccine-uptake-on-inequalities-in-measles-susceptibility-in-scotland
#11
Gary Napier, Duncan Lee, Chris Robertson, Andrew Lawson, Kevin G Pollock
An article published in 1998 by Andrew Wakefield in The Lancet (volume 351, pages 637-641) led to concerns surrounding the safety of the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, by associating it with an increased risk of autism. The paper was later retracted after multiple epidemiological studies failed to find any association, but a substantial decrease in UK vaccination rates was observed in the years following publication. This paper proposes a novel spatio-temporal Bayesian hierarchical model with accompanying software (the R package CARBayesST) to simultaneously address three key epidemiological questions about vaccination rates: (i) what impact did the controversy have on the overall temporal trend in vaccination rates in Scotland; (ii) did the magnitude of the spatial inequality in measles susceptibility in Scotland increase due to the measles, mumps and rubella vaccination scare; and (iii) are there any covariate effects, such as deprivation, that impacted on measles susceptibility in Scotland...
August 2016: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868082/parental-report-of-vaccine-receipt-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-do-rates-differ-by-pattern-of-asd-onset
#12
Robin P Goin-Kochel, Sarah S Mire, Allison G Dempsey, Rachel H Fein, Danielle Guffey, Charles G Minard, Rachel M Cunningham, Leila C Sahni, Julie A Boom
A contentious theory espoused by some parents is that regressive-onset of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is triggered by vaccines. If this were true, then vaccine receipt should be higher in children with regressive-onset ASD compared with other patterns of onset. Parental report of rate of receipt for six vaccines (DPT/DTaP, HepB, Hib, polio, MMR, varicella) was examined in children with ASD (N=2755) who were categorized by pattern of ASD onset (early onset, plateau, delay-plus-regression, regression). All pairwise comparisons were significantly equivalent within a 10% margin for all vaccines except varicella, for which the delay-plus-regression group had lower rates of receipt (81%) than the early-onset (87%) and regression (87%) groups...
March 8, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26596077/addressing-mmr-vaccine-resistance-in-minnesota-s-somali-community
#13
Lynn Bahta, Asli Ashkir
Over the past 10 years, Minnesota clinicians have noticed increased resistance to MMR vaccination among Somali Minnesotans. Misinformation about a discredited study asserting a link between the MMR vaccine and autism has permeated this community as parents have increasingly become concerned about the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder among their children. As a result, MMR vaccination rates among U.S.-born children of Somali descent are declining. This article reports findings from an investigation by the Minnesota Department of Health, which was undertaken to better understand vaccine hesitancy among Somali Minnesotans...
October 2015: Minnesota Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26417083/administration-of-thimerosal-containing-vaccines-to-infant-rhesus-macaques-does-not-result-in-autism-like-behavior-or-neuropathology
#14
Bharathi S Gadad, Wenhao Li, Umar Yazdani, Stephen Grady, Trevor Johnson, Jacob Hammond, Howard Gunn, Britni Curtis, Chris English, Vernon Yutuc, Clayton Ferrier, Gene P Sackett, C Nathan Marti, Keith Young, Laura Hewitson, Dwight C German
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder. Some anecdotal reports suggest that ASD is related to exposure to ethyl mercury, in the form of the vaccine preservative, thimerosal, and/or receiving the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine. Using infant rhesus macaques receiving thimerosal-containing vaccines (TCVs) following the recommended pediatric vaccine schedules from the 1990s and 2008, we examined behavior, and neuropathology in three brain regions found to exhibit neuropathology in postmortem ASD brains...
October 6, 2015: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26372987/study-finds-no-link-between-mmr-and-autism
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Community Practitioner: the Journal of the Community Practitioners' & Health Visitors' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265115/reasons-for-measles-cases-not-being-vaccinated-with-mmr-investigation-into-parents-and-carers-views-following-a-large-measles-outbreak
#16
P McHale, A Keenan, S Ghebrehewet
Uptake rates for the combined measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine have been below the required 95% in the UK since a retracted and discredited article linking the MMR vaccine with autism and inflammatory bowel disease was released in 1998. This study undertook semi-structured telephone interviews among parents or carers of 47 unvaccinated measles cases who were aged between 13 months and 9 years, during a large measles outbreak in Merseyside. Results showed that concerns over the specific links with autism remain an important cause of refusal to vaccinate, with over half of respondents stating this as a reason...
March 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26103708/epidemiologic-and-molecular-relationship-between-vaccine-manufacture-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-prevalence
#17
Theresa A Deisher, Ngoc V Doan, Kumiko Koyama, Sarah Bwabye
OBJECTIVES: To assess the public health consequences of fetal cell line manufactured vaccines that contain residual human fetal DNA fragments utilizing laboratory and ecological approaches including statistics, molecular biology and genomics. METHOD: MMR coverage and autism disorder or autism spectrum disorder prevalence data for Norway, Sweden and the UK were obtained from public and government websites as well as peer reviewed published articles. Biologically, the size and quantity of the contaminating fetal DNA in Meruvax II and Havrix as well as the propensity of various cell lines for cellular and nuclear uptake of primitive human DNA fragments were measured and quantified using gel electrophoresis, fluorescence microscopy and fluorometry...
2015: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26049351/-autism-and-multiple-sclerosis-following-measles-vaccination-update-on-current-knowledge
#18
REVIEW
Alexander Winkelmann, M Löbermann, U K Zettl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 11, 2015: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26034253/vaccine-safety-medical-contraindications-myths-and-risk-communication
#19
REVIEW
Michael Smith
On the basis of first principles, anaphylaxis to a vaccine or vaccine component is a contraindication to future receipt of that vaccine. • On the basis of strong evidence, live viral vaccines should not be administered to severely immunocompromised children. • On the basis of some evidence with consensus, children with egg allergies may receive inactivated influenza vaccine. • On the basis of strong evidence, neither measles-mumps-rubella vaccine nor thimerosal causes autism. • On the basis of some evidence with consensus, alternative vaccination schedules have no benefit and receipt of human papillomavirus vaccines does not result in promiscuity...
June 2015: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25947030/dummheit
#20
Robert G Evans
Immunizing against influenza is tricky; against measles is not. Influenza comes in many constantly evolving strains, but one measles shot in childhood confers lifelong immunity. Unlike the flu, measles was wiped out. Its return represents an outbreak not of disease, but of stupidity. The matrix of stupidity is, however, reinforced by strong strands of malice, as when Andrew Wakefield's fraudulent 1998 paper linked the MMR vaccine to autism. The fraud was unmasked and the vaccine-autism link disproven, but the evil influence continues...
February 2015: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
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