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Diabetes, hypertension, obesity, stroke, kidney and liver disease

Shumei Xu, Ying Xue
Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21-24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16-18% of individuals have abdominal obesity. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups. Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Nan Yang, Danna Chung, Changda Liu, Banghao Liang, Xiu-Min Li
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing in industrialized countries. Obesity increases the risk of coronary artery disease, stroke, cancer, hypertension, and type-2 diabetes. Unfortunately, conventional obesity drug treatment is often associated with adverse effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate a novel natural formula, Weight loss herbal intervention therapy (W-LHIT), developed from traditional Chinese medicine, for weight control in a high-fat-diet (HFD) induced obesity murine model...
2014: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Daniel A London, Jeffrey G Stepan, Gopal R Lalchandani, Ugochi C Okoroafor, Troy S Wildes, Ryan P Calfee
PURPOSE: To compare the rates of postoperative complications in obese and nonobese patients following elbow, forearm, and hand surgeries. METHODS: This case-control study examined 436 patients whose body mass index (BMI) was over 35 and who underwent hand, wrist, forearm, or elbow surgery between 2009 and 2013. Controls were patients (n = 433) with a BMI less than 30 who had similar surgeries over the same period, and who were frequency-matched by type of surgery (ie, bony, soft tissue, or nerve), age, and sex...
August 2014: Journal of Hand Surgery
Parvane Saneei, Mohammad Saadatnia, Forough Shakeri, Masumeh Beykverdi, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the association between red meat consumption and stroke in a group of Iranian adults. DESIGN: A hospital-based case-control study. SETTING: The study included stroke patients and hospital-based controls. Usual dietary intakes of participants were assessed by means of a validated 168-item semi-quantitative FFQ. Total red meat consumption was calculated by summing up the consumption of red, processed and visceral meats...
April 2015: Public Health Nutrition
Niki Katsiki, Vasilios G Athyros, Asterios Karagiannis, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by a cluster of risk factors including central obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance, The MetS is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Several international organizations have defined MetS using different diagnostic criteria that produced discrepancies in the results of previous studies, thus leading to the latest Joint Interim Societies (JIS) MetS definition. Other risk factors than the diagnostic criteria that have been associated with MetS include lipid abnormalities, uric acid, liver function, prothrombotic factors, cytokines, adipokines, vitamin D, arterial stiffness, polycystic ovary syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea...
2014: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Sho-Ichi Yamagishi, Takanori Matsui
The metabolic syndrome is strongly associated with insulin resistance and visceral obesity and consists of a constellation of factors such as diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and non-alcoholic steatohepatits, which could in concert increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). CVD, including myocardial infarction and stroke, is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the developed countries. Atherothrombosis, characterized by atherosclerotic plaque disruption and subsequent thrombus formation, contributes to the pathogenesis of CVD...
2014: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Chin-Lin Hsu, Gow-Chin Yen
Phenolic compounds are widely present in the plant kingdom. Many epidemiological studies have indicated that consumption of some plant-derived foodstuffs with high phenolic content is associated with the prevention of some diseases and that these compounds may have similar properties to antioxidants, antimutagenic agents, antithrombotic agents, anti-inflammatory agents, anti-HIV-1, and anticancer agents. However, obesity is an important topic in the world of public health and preventive medicine. Relationships between body mass index, waist circumference, or waist-to-hip ratio and the risk of development of some diseases (such as heart disease, dyslipidemia, hypertension, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes, kidney failure, cancer, stroke, osteoarthritis, and sleep apnea) have been observed...
January 2008: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
G M Trovato, D Catalano, G Caruso, R Squatrito, M Venturino, C Degano, S D Fazzio
Both overweight and insulin resistance predispose to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases, independently of other risk factors. We studied the relationship between insulin resistance and heart function and dimension in 39 patients with different degrees of obesity. Twenty-six women and 13 men with body mass index (BMI) ranging 26.1-41 kg/m2 (mean +/- SD = 33.9 +/- 3.8), without diabetes, hypertension and heart, liver or kidney diseases were studied. Patients were subdivided into 2 groups, 25 with overweight or grade I obesity (group A) and 14 with severe (grade II or III) obesity (group B)...
December 2001: Diabetes, Nutrition & Metabolism
A Steinmetz, J R Schäfer
Secondary hyperlipoproteinemias are found in connection with other primary organic diseases. Typical examples are those seen with diabetes mellitus, liver and kidney diseases. In addition there are changes induced by hormonal dysfunctions such as hypothyroidism, by the use of oral contraceptives or in postmenopausal women. During pregnancy there is a physiological transient increase in lipoproteins. In addition to primary organic diseases there are a number of exogenous factors such as obesity, malnutrition and alcohol abuse causing hyperlipidemia...
1994: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
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