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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936375/putting-adolescents-at-risk-riding-with-drinking-drivers-who-are-adults-in-the-home
#1
Sion K Harris, Julie K Johnson, Lon Sherritt, Sarah Copelas, Melissa A Rappo, Celeste R Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol-related car crashes are a leading cause of adolescent death, and one in five U.S. adolescents reports recent riding in a car with a drinking driver. How often the driver is an adult in the home (e.g., parent) is unknown. Pediatric visits offer an opportunity to counsel families to reduce this risk. Our study aim was to determine the prevalence of recent riding with a drinking driver (RWDD) who was an adult in the home among adolescent primary care patients and to identify the demographic and environmental (substance use among family members) profiles of those at increased risk...
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935904/determinants-of-postgraduate-students-choices-of-speciality
#2
B Shrestha, Y R Pokhrel, K Butterworth
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate specialization is perceived as essential for success with high competition for enrolment. The reasons how medical students choose their postgraduate specialty are complex. Understanding the factors that influence career choice helps in workforce planning. So, we tried to identify the specialty preferred by postgraduate students and the factors that influenced these choices in a post graduate institution. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in National Academy of Medical Sciences...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935435/improving-nursing-students-assessment-of-fall-risk-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#3
Susan K Patton
BACKGROUND: Nationally, approximately one-third of older adults fall each year. Falls and resulting injury result in decreased mobility, functional impairment, loss of independence, and increased mortality. Utilization of evidence based protocols by health care providers to identify older adults at risk of falling is limited and rates of participation by older adults in prevention activities is low. Because of nursing's increasing role in caring for older adults, development of fall prevention education for nursing students would result in increased awareness of the need for fall prevention in community dwelling older adults and increased access of older adults to falls risk assessment...
December 9, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935188/characteristics-of-physical-prefrailty-among-japanese-healthy-older-adults
#4
Eiji Matsushita, Kiwako Okada, Yui Ito, Shosuke Satake, Nariaki Shiraishi, Takahisa Hirose, Masafumi Kuzuya
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of frailty at an early stage (prefrailty) in a healthy elderly Japanese population. METHODS: The participants were 620 healthy older adults (age range 60-89 years) who were current students or graduates of a community college for older adults in Japan. All participants were evaluated using the Kihon Checklist, a tool developed to screen for frailty in Japan. The participants were categorized by the Fried criteria (lost weight, handgrip strength, walking speed, exhaustion, physical activity) into either a prefrailty (1-2 criteria) or a non-frailty (0 criterion) group...
December 9, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934672/the-global-footprint-of-oral-medicine-specialists-the-university-of-pennsylvania-experience
#5
Eric T Stoopler, Scott S De Rossi, Martin S Greenberg, Thomas P Sollecito
The aim of this study was to analyze the global footprint of oral medicine specialists who graduated from the University of Pennsylvania oral medicine residency program. In 2016, a cross-sectional electronic survey was distributed to 53 graduates of that program, asking about their current geographical location and professional status. Of those 53 graduates, 23 (43%) completed the survey with 22 reporting their current location and 21 reporting their current professional status. The results showed that 17 graduates were located within the U...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934670/assessment-of-diagnosed-temporomandibular-disorders-and-orofacial-pain-conditions-by-predoctoral-dental-students-a-pilot-study
#6
Shawn S Adibi, Krishna Kumar Kookal, Nichole M Fishbeck, Chris R Thompson, Muhammad F Walji
Temporomandibular disorders and orofacial pain (TMD/OFP) conditions are challenging to diagnose for predoctoral dental students due to the multifactorial etiology, complexity, and controversial issues surrounding these conditions. The aim of this study was to determine if patients in the clinic of one U.S. dental school reported existing signs and symptoms of TMD/OFP, whether the dental students diagnosed the condition based on the reported signs and symptoms, and if the condition was then treated. The study was based on a retrospective analysis of electronic health record data over a three-year period...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934665/creation-and-initial-outcomes-of-a-selective-four-year-research-program-for-predoctoral-dental-students
#7
Eileen H Doherty, Nadeem Y Karimbux, Gerard Kugel
Educators agree that dental students' involvement in research plays an important role in their development and contributes to the future of dental education. However, dental schools are challenged to provide the time and support necessary to nurture their students in undertaking research activities. The aim of this study was to examine student participation in a predoctoral student research program at one U.S. dental school and to track participants' outcomes both before and after introduction of an additional, highly selective research scholarship program...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932625/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-graduated-and-inverse-graduated-compression-hosiery-in-patients-with-chronic-venous-insufficiency-and-healthy-volunteers-a-prospective-mono-centric-blinded-open-randomised-controlled-and-cross-over-trial
#8
Helene Riebe, Wolfgang Konschake, Hermann Haase, Michael Jünger
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic effectiveness of compression therapy depends on the selection of compression hosiery. OBJECTIVES: To assess efficacy and tolerability of graduated elastic compression stockings (GECS) and inverse graduated elastic compression stockings (PECS). METHODS: Thirty-two healthy volunteers and thirty-two patients with chronic venous insufficiency were analysed; wear period: one week for each stocking type (randomised, blinded)...
December 8, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932292/graduated-compression-stockings-does-not-decrease-walking-capacity-and-muscle-oxygen-saturation-during-six-minute-walk-test-in-intermittent-claudication-patients
#9
Bruno Remígio Cavalcante, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Antônio Henrique Germano Soares, Wagner Jorge Ribeiro Domingues, Glauco Fernandes Saes, Flávio Henrique Duarte, Aline de Paula da Cruz, Nelson Wolosker, Pedro Puech-Leão, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Antonio Eduardo Zerati
BACKGROUND: We analyze the effects of graduated compression stoking (GCS) on walking capacity and oxygen saturation in intermittent claudication (IC) patients. METHODS: Eighteen patients with IC performed the six-minute walking test in two conditions in random order: GCS or placebo sock. Onset claudication distance and total walking distance were obtained. The calf muscle oxygen saturation was continuously monitored before, during and after six-minute walk test...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932029/implementing-a-resident-acute-care-surgery-service-improving-resident-education-and-patient-care
#10
Olga Kantor, Andrew B Schneider, Marko Rojnica, Andrew J Benjamin, Nancy Schindler, Mitchell C Posner, Jeffrey B Matthews, Kevin K Roggin
BACKGROUND: To simulate the duties and responsibilities of an attending surgeon and allow senior residents more intraoperative and perioperative autonomy, our program created a new resident acute care surgery consult service. METHODS: We structured resident acute care surgery as a new admitting and inpatient consult service managed by chief and senior residents with attending supervision. When appropriate, the chief resident served as a teaching assistant in the operation...
December 5, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931906/burnout-in-japanese-residents-and-its-associations-with-temperament-and-character
#11
Ryoei Miyoshi, Hisae Matsuo, Ryuichiro Takeda, Hiroyuki Komatsu, Hiroshi Abe, Yasushi Ishida
AIM: High risk of burnout in healthcare workers has long been recognized. However, there are no methods to predict vulnerability to burnout. METHODS: We examined whether temperament and character are associated with burnout and depressive state in residents by using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). The TCI was used for residents at the beginning of clinical training and then the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were administered at the beginning of clinical training and after four and ten months...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931575/bile-duct-anastomosis-supplied-with-biodegradable-stent-in-liver-transplantation-the-initial-experience
#12
L Janousek, S Maly, M Oliverius, M Kocik, M Kucera, J Fronek
BACKGROUND: The most common biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation are bile leaks, anastomotic and intrahepatic strictures, stones, and ampullary dysfunction. These complications can occur in up to 10% to 30% of liver transplant recipients. Leaks occur early in the posttransplant period; the stricture formation typically graduates over time. METHODS: Ten patients underwent transplantation in our preliminary study: 5 were randomized to the group with stent placement and 5 to the control group...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930963/-teaching-on-the-run-with-australian-midwives-in-a-tertiary-maternity-hospital
#13
Yvonne Hauck, Lucy Lewis, Alissa Pemberton, Caroline Crichton, Janice Butt
Teaching On The Run (TOTR) is an Australian program for health professionals involved in clinical supervision. An amended TOTR program was evaluated with midwives acting as preceptors assisting learners integrate theory with clinical practice. A mixed method study was employed to compare midwives' perceived skills and confidence before and after completion of TOTR workshops. A secondary aim explored midwifery learners' (students and new graduates) perceptions of support from preceptors during the implementation of TOTR...
November 25, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929244/getting-an-infant-to-sleep-graduated-extinction-and-sleep-fading-are-effective
#14
Allen F Shaughnessy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928887/the-role-of-rural-nurse-managers-in-supporting-new-graduate-nurses-in-rural-practice
#15
Jackie Lea, Mary Cruickshank
AIM: To investigate the nature and timing of support available to new graduate nurses within a rural transition to practice programme. BACKGROUND: For new graduates in rural practice successful transition is complicated by the unique role of the rural nurse, staff ratios and resources within rural environments. Little is known about the support needs of graduates working in rural health services, or who is best placed to provide support during their transition. METHOD: This was a qualitative case study, using individual interviews with new graduate nurses at 3, 6 and 9 months milestones during a 12-month rural transition to practice programme plus interviews with experienced rural nurses who were employed in rural health agencies where the new graduate nurses were employed...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927627/ultra-processed-food-consumption-and-the-incidence-of-hypertension-in-a-mediterranean-cohort-the-seguimiento-universidad-de-navarra-project
#16
Raquel de Deus Mendonça, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes, Adriano Marçal Pimenta, Alfredo Gea, Miguel Angel Martinez-Gonzalez, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
BACKGROUND: Some available evidence suggests that high consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPFs) is associated with a higher risk of obesity. Collectively, this association and the nutritional characteristics of UPFs suggest that UPFs might also be associated with hypertension. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the relationship between UPF consumption and the risk of hypertension in a prospective Spanish cohort, the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra project...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927570/exercise-tolerance-in-children-with-early-onset-scoliosis-growing-rod-treatment-graduates
#17
Kelly A Jeans, Charles E Johnston, Wilshaw R Stevens, Dong-Phuong Tran
STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively enrolled early-onset scoliosis (EOS) patients undergoing growing rod treatment, who have had no surgery for >1 year and/or have received definitive fusion (growing rod "graduates"). OBJECTIVES: To assess oxygen consumption during exercise and determine if a diminished conventional pulmonary function test (PFT) correlates with metabolic, pulmonary, and cardiovascular measures during exercise. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Based on clinical impression and sequential PFT values, EOS patients who have undergone extensive treatment are thought to have limited capacity during exercise...
November 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927220/e-learning-for-research-capacity-strengthening-in-sexual-and-reproductive-health-the-experience-of-the-geneva-foundation-for-medical-education-and-research-and-the-department-of-reproductive-health-and-research-world-health-organization
#18
Karim Abawi, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Igor Toskin, Mario Philip Festin, Lynn Gertiser, Raqibat Idris, Hanan Hamamy, Moazzam Ali, Ameyo Masakhwe Bonventure, Marleen Temmerman, Aldo Campana
: Technological advancement has resulted in the increasing use of e-learning and online education, initially in high-income countries and increasingly in low- and middle-income countries. BACKGROUND: In 2010, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, in collaboration with the World Health Organization and partner institutions, developed an online postgraduate course "From Research to Practice: Training Course in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research"...
December 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925532/john-adams-an-outstanding-career
#19
David Lewin
A distinguished nurse, teacher, researcher and historian, John Adams was educated at Aylesbury Grammar School and graduated from Selwyn College, Cambridge, with a degree in theological and religious studies.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925371/effective-visual-design-and-communication-practices-for-research-posters-exemplars-based-on-the-theory-and-practice-of-multimedia-learning-and-rhetoric
#20
Rhianna K Pedwell, James A Hardy, Susan L Rowland
Evidence shows that science graduates often do not have the communication skills they need to meet workplace standards and expectations. One common mode of science communication is the poster. In a review of the literature we show that poster design is historically problematic, and that the guidance provided to students as they create posters for assessment is frequently inconsistent. To address this inconsistency we provide some guiding design principles for posters that are grounded in communication theory and the fundamentals of rhetoric...
December 7, 2016: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
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