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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214669/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-5529-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#1
Karl E Minges, Robin Whittemore, Stuart A Weinzimer, Melinda L Irwin, Nancy S Redeker, Margaret Grey
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to examine the associations among socio-demographic, clinical, and self-management factors by weight status. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data obtained from 5529 adolescents with T1D (mean age=15.4±1.4years, 51.8% male, 77.9% white, mean HbA1c=8.7±1.8%; 72mmol/mol) from the T1D Exchange Clinic Registry. We examined correlates of weight status using multinomial logistic regression analyses...
February 4, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214662/socioeconomic-background-and-high-school-completion-mediation-by-health-and-moderation-by-national-context
#2
Sharon R Sznitman, Liza Reisel, Atika Khurana
This study uses longitudinal data from the Norwegian Health Study linked with registry data (n = 13262) and the U.S. National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (n = 3604) to examine (1) whether adolescent health mediates the well-established relationship between socioeconomic background and successful high school completion, and (2) whether this mediated pathway of influence varies by national context. Adolescents from lower educated and lower income families reported poorer health, which negatively impacted their likelihood of graduating from high school...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214638/pre-residency-publication-number-does-not-predict-academic-career-placement-in-neurosurgery
#3
Marcus Daniels, Tomas Garzon-Muvdi, Russell Maxwell, Rafael J Tamargo, Judy Huang, Tim Witham, Chetan Bettegowda, Kaisorn L Chaichana
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear if pre-residency and/or residency research work impacts academic neurosurgery placement post-residency. The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact that pre-residency and residency research publication has on attaining academic faculty positions. METHODS: Alumni information was collected from 65 of the 108 (60%) neurosurgery residency websites. Graduates from these programs between 2005-2015 (N=949) were analyzed to determine factors associated with an academic career...
February 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214074/subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-25-year-overview
#4
Dorthea Juul, Christopher C Colenda, Jeffrey M Lyness, Laura B Dunn, Rita Hargrave, Larry R Faulkner
: The Institute of Medicine estimated that by 2030, from 10.1 to 14.4 million Americans aged 65 years or older will have mental health or substance use disorders. This article reviews the history and current status of training, certification, and practice in geriatric psychiatry against the backdrop of this "silver tsunami." The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) administered the first subspecialty examination in geriatric psychiatry in 1991, and through 2015 3,329 certificates were awarded...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213584/using-the-biology-card-sorting-task-to-measure-changes-in-conceptual-expertise-during-postsecondary-biology-education
#5
Sarah A Bissonnette, Elijah D Combs, Paul H Nagami, Victor Byers, Juliana Fernandez, Dinh Le, Jared Realin, Selina Woodham, Julia I Smith, Kimberly D Tanner
While there have been concerted efforts to reform undergraduate biology toward teaching students to organize their conceptual knowledge like experts, there are few tools that attempt to measure this. We previously developed the Biology Card Sorting Task (BCST), designed to probe how individuals organize their conceptual biological knowledge. Previous results showed the BCST could differentiate between different populations, namely non-biology majors (NBM) and biology faculty (BF). In this study, we administered the BCST to three additional populations, using a cross-sectional design: entering biology majors (EBM), advanced biology majors (ABM), and biology graduate students (BGS)...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213583/why-work-with-undergraduate-researchers-differences-in-research-advisors-motivations-and-outcomes-by-career-stage
#6
Charles N Hayward, Sandra L Laursen, Heather Thiry
Undergraduate research is often hailed as a solution to increasing the number and quality of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduates needed to fill the high-tech jobs of the future. Student benefits of research are well documented but the emerging literature on advisors' perspectives is incomplete: only a few studies have included the graduate students and postdocs who often serve as research advisors, and not much is known about why research advisors choose to work with undergraduate researchers...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213153/critical-thinking-instruction-and-technology-enhanced-learning-from-the-student-perspective-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#7
Ruth Swart
Critical thinking is acclaimed as a valuable asset for graduates from higher education programs. Technology has advanced in quantity and quality; recognized as a requirement of 21st century learners. A mixed methods research study was undertaken, examining undergraduate nursing student engagement with critical thinking instruction, platformed on two technology-enhanced learning environments: a classroom response system face-to-face in-class and an online discussion forum out-of-class. The Community of Inquiry framed the study capturing constructivist collaborative inquiry to support learning, and facilitate critical thinking capability...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211595/pharmacy-education-in-jordan-updates
#8
Qais Alefan, Mo'tasem M Alsmadi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the increasing number of pharmacy schools in Jordan. METHOD: A review for numbers of schools and their curricula was conducted. KEY FINDINGS: To date, there are 18 pharmacy schools in Jordan. PharmD program is offered by two public schools. PhD program is offered by one school; while MSc program is offered by seven schools. Public pharmacy schools have two similar programs in terms of curricula, 'regular' and 'parallel'...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210309/my-night-on-call-in-poland
#9
Patrycja Rzepka-Wrona
I am a young doctor who graduated from the Medical University of Silesia in 2014. After 13 months of postgraduate training, passing a state examination and successful completion of the admission process I made a decision to specialise in Respiratory Medicine. I started working in a large clinical hospital that provides junior doctors with excellent opportunities for training and career development. The respiratory unit is highly specialised and deals with sleep-related medical problems, interstitial lung diseases and respiratory failure, which may be treated using noninvasive mechanical ventilation...
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209702/primary-care-specialty-career-choice-among-canadian-medical-students-understanding-the-factors-that-influence-their-decisions
#10
Heather Ann Osborn, Jordan T Glicksman, Michael G Brandt, Philip C Doyle, Kevin Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify which factors influence medical students' decision to choose a career in family medicine and pediatrics, and which factors influence their decision to choose careers in non-front-line specialties. DESIGN: Survey that was created based on a comprehensive literature review to determine which factors are considered important when choosing practice specialty. SETTING: Ontario medical school. PARTICIPANTS: An open cohort of medical students in the graduating classes of 2008 to 2011 (inclusive)...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209009/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-dental-practitioners-pertaining-to-preventive-measures-in-paediatric-patients
#11
Raju Umaji Patil, Amitkumar Sahu, Halaswamy V Kambalimath, Bharath Kashetty Panchakshari, Manish Jain
INTRODUCTION: Prevention at primary level is of great value in Paediatric Dentistry. Since use of preventive measures can prevent future complications, dental professionals share an important responsibility toward early screening, prompt referral and treatment and this knowledge must transfer into the practice of dentistry. AIM: To evaluate Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among dental practitioners in Bhopal city (central part of India) pertaining to sealants, topical fluorides usage and orthodontic consideration in paediatric patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208857/emergence-of-hospital-acquired-carbapenem-resistant-non-fermenters-in-teaching-institute
#12
Hariom Sharan, Neeraj Katare, Aparna Pandey, Ganesh Shivmurti Bhatambare, Trupti Bajpai
INTRODUCTION: Non-Fermenting Gram Negative Bacilli (NFGNB) are emerging now-a-days because of their tendency to colonize various surfaces and inherent resistance to commonly used disinfectants. They are responsible for multi-drug resistant hospital acquired infections. Detection of carbapenem resistance mechanisms is essential for treatment and infection control purpose as can spread to other organisms causing hospital outbreaks. AIM: To characterize non-fermenters from various clinical samples and to detect different carbapenem resistance mechanisms in meropenem resistant isolates...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208171/update-on-didactic-and-clinical-education-in-fluency-disorders-2013-2014
#13
J Scott Yaruss, Jieun Lee, Kaya B Kikani, Paula Leslie, Caryn Herring, Sujini Ramachandar, Seth Tichenor, Robert W Quesal, Malcolm R McNeil
Purpose: This study surveyed didactic and clinical education in fluency disorders at undergraduate and graduate institutions in the United States that provide education in speech-language pathology to determine whether a previously observed reduction in requirements has continued since prior surveys (Yaruss, 1999; Yaruss & Quesal, 2002). Method: The study involved a detailed questionnaire that was sent to 282 communication science and disorders departments. Questions examined didactic and clinical education, as well as faculty knowledge about fluency disorders...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208118/validation-of-a-novel-monitoring-system-to-measure-contrast-volume-use-during-invasive-angiography
#14
Anand Prasad, Irma Scholler, Daniel Levin, Gus Banda, Christopher M Mullin, Steven R Bailey
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated the relationship between contrast volume (CV) and the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). Quantification of total CV is often estimated and therefore may be inaccurate. We describe validation of a novel contrast monitoring system (CMS) (Osprey Medical), which is designed to detect and display injection by injection and total CV use on a monitor system in real time. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing a coronary or peripheral angiogram were included...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207842/evaluating-evidence-based-health-care-teaching-and-learning-in-the-undergraduate-human-nutrition-occupational-therapy-physiotherapy-and-speech-language-and-hearing-therapy-programs-at-a-sub-saharan-african-academic-institution
#15
Anel Schoonees, Anke Rohwer, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: It is important that all undergraduate healthcare students are equipped with evidence-based health care (EBHC) knowledge and skills to encourage evidence-informed decision-making after graduation. We assessed EBHC teaching and learning in undergraduate human nutrition (HN); occupational therapy (OT); physiotherapy (PT); and speech, language and hearing therapy (SPLH) programs at a sub-Saharan African university. METHODS: We used methodological triangulation to obtain a comprehensive understanding of EBHC teaching and learning: (1) through a document review of module guides, we identified learning outcomes related to pre-specified EBHC competencies; we conducted (2) focus group discussions and interviews of lecturers to obtain their perspectives on EBHC and on EBHC teaching and learning; and we (3) invited final year students (2013) and 2012 graduates to complete an online survey on EBHC attitudes, self-perceived EBHC competence, and their experience of EBHC teaching and learning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206847/vocation-belongingness-and-balance-a-qualitative-study-of-veterinary-student-well-being
#16
Jacqueline M Cardwell, Elisa G Lewis
An elevated risk for suicide among veterinarians has stimulated research into the mental health of the veterinary profession, and more recently attention has turned to the veterinary student population. This qualitative study sought to explore UK veterinary students' perceptions and experiences of university life, and to consider how these may affect well-being. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 students from a single UK school who were purposively selected to include perspectives from male, female, graduate-entry, standard-entry (straight from high school), and widening participation students across all 5 years of the program...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206839/from-studying-the-rain-to-studying-the-umbrella-mental-health-and-well-being-of-veterinary-medical-students-and-graduates
#17
Susan M Rhind, Andrew Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206838/the-art-of-staying-engaged-the-role-of-personal-resources-in-the-mental-well-being-of-young-veterinary-professionals
#18
Nicole J J M Mastenbroek
Health care professionals perceive transitions (e.g., from university to professional practice) to be challenging and stressful. The aim of the present research was to identify person-related characteristics that, in addition to work-related aspects, affect the mental well-being and performance of recently graduated veterinary professionals, and to reach a greater understanding of the role of personal resources in mental health and well-being. Based on the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, a questionnaire measuring work engagement as well as burnout and its potential predictors was developed and distributed to 1,760 veterinarians who graduated in the Netherlands between 1999 and 2009 (response rate 41%, of which 73% were females)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206672/assessment-of-a-novel-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-s-effect-on-competency-measures-in-family-medicine-graduate-medical-education
#19
Paul Bornemann
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound has been shown to decrease the use of expensive diagnostic studies and improve quality outcome measures. Currently, there is a large desire for training in family medicine residencies, but very few programs have established curricula. We sought to develop a family medicine residency curriculum and evaluate it with tools we developed. We wanted our curriculum to be easy to adopt by other residency programs, even if they did not have many well-trained ultrasound faculty...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205321/an-investigative-graduate-laboratory-course-for-teaching-modern-dna-techniques
#20
Alexandre de Lencastre, A Thomas Torello, Lani C Keller
This graduate-level DNA methods laboratory course is designed to model a discovery-based research project and engages students in both traditional DNA analysis methods and modern recombinant DNA cloning techniques. In the first part of the course, students clone the Drosophila ortholog of a human disease gene of their choosing using Gateway(®) cloning. In the second part of the course, students examine the expression of their gene of interest in human cell lines by reverse transcription PCR and learn how to analyze data from quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) experiments...
February 16, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
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