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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927229/creation-and-evaluation-of-a-laboratory-administration-curriculum-for-pathology-residents
#1
Jeannette Guarner, Charles E Hill, Timothy Amukele
Objectives: A clinical laboratory management (CLM) curriculum that can objectively assess the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education pathology systems-based practice milestones and can provide consistent resident training across institutions is needed. Methods: Faculty at Emory University created a curriculum that consists of assay verification exercises and interactive, case-based online modules. Beta testing was done at Emory University and Johns Hopkins...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926626/do-privacy-and-security-regulations-need-a-status-update-perspectives-from-an-intergenerational-survey
#2
Stacey Pereira, Jill Oliver Robinson, Hayley A Peoples, Amanda M Gutierrez, Mary A Majumder, Amy L McGuire, Mark A Rothstein
BACKGROUND: The importance of health privacy protections in the era of the "Facebook Generation" has been called into question. The ease with which younger people share personal information about themselves has led to the assumption that they are less concerned than older generations about the privacy of their information, including health information. We explored whether survey respondents' views toward health privacy suggest that efforts to strengthen privacy protections as health information is moved online are unnecessary...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926393/trends-in-the-treatment-of-single-and-multilevel-cervical-stenosis-a-review-of-the-american-board-of-orthopaedic-surgery-database
#3
Alfredo Arrojas, J Benjamin Jackson, Gregory Grabowski
BACKGROUND: In order to identify any changes in the utilization of new and old techniques, we investigated trends in the operative management of cervical stenosis by orthopaedic surgeons applying for board certification. METHODS: We queried the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery database from 1998 to 2013 to identify all of the cervical spine procedures for stenosis that had been performed by candidates taking Part II of the licensing examination. Longitudinal trends were determined for the utilized approach, the individual procedures that had been performed, and whether a motion-preserving technique had been employed...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926385/graduation-protocol-after-growing-rod-treatment-removal-of-implants-without-new-instrumentation-is-not-a-realistic-approach
#4
Ismail Aykut Kocyigit, Z Deniz Olgun, H Gokhan Demirkiran, Mehmet Ayvaz, Muharrem Yazici
BACKGROUND: The growing rod remains an effective option in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis, and has previously been likened to an internal brace. While details of growing-rod treatment have been largely agreed on, the appropriate end point remains a matter of controversy. A decision was made in 2004, at the beginning of growing-rod treatment at our institution, to remove longitudinal instrumentation when the period of lengthening concluded and, similar to discontinuing a brace, leave the spine free...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925997/precision-annotation-of-digital-samples-in-ncbi-s-gene-expression-omnibus
#5
Dexter Hadley, James Pan, Osama El-Sayed, Jihad Aljabban, Imad Aljabban, Tej D Azad, Mohamad O Hadied, Shuaib Raza, Benjamin Abhishek Rayikanti, Bin Chen, Hyojung Paik, Dvir Aran, Jordan Spatz, Daniel Himmelstein, Maryam Panahiazar, Sanchita Bhattacharya, Marina Sirota, Mark A Musen, Atul J Butte
The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) contains more than two million digital samples from functional genomics experiments amassed over almost two decades. However, individual sample meta-data remains poorly described by unstructured free text attributes preventing its largescale reanalysis. We introduce the Search Tag Analyze Resource for GEO as a web application (http://STARGEO.org) to curate better annotations of sample phenotypes uniformly across different studies, and to use these sample annotations to define robust genomic signatures of disease pathology by meta-analysis...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925955/investing-in-the-early-childhood-mental-health-workforce-development-enhancing-professionals-competencies-to-support-emotion-and-behavior-regulation-in-young-children
#6
Shulamit N Ritblatt, Audrey Hokoda, Charles Van Liew
This paper delineates a preventive approach to early childhood mental health by preparing the workforce to provide relational, sensitive care to young children ages 0-5. One of the most prevalent issues in early childhood is behavioral challenges and the inability of young children to regulate themselves. This leads to an expulsion rate in early childhood (3-4 times higher than K-12 expulsion rate) and future mental health issues. The Early Childhood Social-Emotional and Behavior Regulation Intervention Specialist (EC-SEBRIS) graduate level certificate program was created to strengthen early care and education providers with the knowledge and practice of how to support emotion and behavior regulation in young children in their groups...
September 19, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924474/evaluation-of-satisfaction-of-individuals-rehabilitated-with-zygomatic-implants-as-regards-anesthetic-and-sedative-procedure-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Paulo H T Almeida, Alexander D'Alvia Salvoni, Fabiana M G França
PURPOSE: To evaluate the satisfaction of individuals with atrophic maxilla, rehabilitated with fixed dental prostheses, anchored on zygomatic implants, with variables being the anesthetic procedure: general anesthesia, or local with sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By means of the clinical record charts from the Training Course in Advanced Hospital Surgeries for Implant Dentists conducted at the Campinas-SP unit of the São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry, 30 individuals were randomly selected...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924320/publish-and-flourish-take-the-road-less-travelled
#8
REVIEW
A K Das
Scientific research and publications are essential for advancement of medical knowledge. The perceived need for 'publications' in medical journals, has increased substantially in view of the recently mandated requirement of original research publications in indexed journals to ensure career progression in academic institutions. There has been an unprecedented rise in the number of standalone journals and publishers, ready to process manuscripts on priority with almost guaranteed publication, at a cost. Many of these publishers have questionable credibility and could be regarded as 'predatory'...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924271/dental-graduates-perspective-of-professionalism-competences-from-a-developing-country
#9
Shehla Choudhry, Raheela Yasmeen, Syed Akhter Hossain Bokhari, Gohar Wajid, Ayyaz Ali Khan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perception of fresh dental graduates regarding professional competences essential for a graduating dentist. METHODS: This quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at four public and four private sector dental colleges in Punjab, Pakistan, from June to December 2014, and comprised dental graduates of the years 2013 and 2014. A comprehensive document containing 32 professionalism competences, divided into 3 sub-domains, was developed based on the competence documents of local and foreign accrediting bodies...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924267/burnout-among-gynaecological-residents-in-lahore-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Khadija Waheed, Naeem Liaqat, Amna Khanum, Sara Ejaz, Shamila Ijaz, Ambreen Butt, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Iffat Naheed, Salman Javed
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of burnout among gynaecological residents and factors associated with it. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed at the University Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad, Pakistan, from March to April 2016, and comprised female medical students. Participants were divided into groups on the basis of their ABO blood groups and on body mass index criteria. Blood groups were determined by simple conventional slide method...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923820/family-medicine-in-ethiopia-lessons-from-a-global-collaboration
#11
Ann Evensen, Dawit Wondimagegn, Daniel Zemenfes Ashebir, Katherine Rouleau, Cynthia Haq, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Praseedha Janakiram, Elizabeth Kvach, Heidi Busse, James Conniff, Brian Cornelson
BACKGROUND: Building the capacity of local health systems to provide high-quality, self-sustaining medical education and health care is the central purpose for many global health partnerships (GHPs). Since 2001, our global partner consortium collaborated to establish Family Medicine in Ethiopia; the first Ethiopian family physicians graduated in February 2016. METHODS: The authors, representing the primary Ethiopian, Canadian, and American partners in the GHP, identified obstacles, accomplishments, opportunities, errors, and observations from the years preceding residency launch and the first 3 years of the residency...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923808/performance-of-graduating-residents-on-the-american-board-of-family-medicine-certification-examination-2009-2016
#12
James C Puffer, Michael R Peabody, Thomas R O'Neill
In response to growing concern about the declining performance on the American Board of Family Medicine Certification Examination, several strategies were employed to assist program directors with preparing their residents to take the examination. The effect of these efforts seems to have resulted in significant improvement in performance.
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923807/the-american-board-of-family-medicine-new-tools-to-assist-program-directors-and-graduates-achieve-success
#13
Stanley M Kozakowski, Perry A Pugno
In this commentary we review the improvements in the pass rates for first-time American Board of Family Medicine (ABFM) Certification Examination test takers in the context of new tools and resources for program directors against the backdrop of a changing accreditation system and increased competition for a relatively fixed number of graduate medical education positions in family medicine. While causality cannot be established between the strategic initiatives of the ABFM and higher pass rates, we can all celebrate the new tools and resources provided to residents and program directors, and the improved performance of family medicine graduates on the certification examination...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923719/suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-in-institutions-of-higher-learning-a-latent-class-analysis
#14
Joel Bernanke, Hanga C Galfalvy, Maggie G Mortali, Laura A Hoffman, Christine Moutier, Charles B Nemeroff, Barbara H Stanley, Paula Clayton, Jill Harkavy-Friedman, Maria A Oquendo
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among undergraduate students, with an annual rate of 7.5 per 100,000. Suicidal behavior (SB) is complex and heterogeneous, which might be explained by there being multiple etiologies of SB. Data-driven identification of distinct at-risk subgroups among undergraduates would bolster this argument. We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) on survey data from a large convenience sample of undergraduates to identify subgroups, and validated the resulting latent class model on a sample of graduate students...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923535/creation-of-a-novel-digital-rectal-examination-evaluation-instrument-to-teach-and-assess-prostate-examination-proficiency
#15
Matthew B Clements, Karen M Schmidt, Steven E Canfield, Scott M Gilbert, Shiv R Khandelwal, Bridget F Koontz, Costas D Lallas, Stanley Liauw, Paul L Nguyen, Timothy N Showalter, Edouard J Trabulsi, Helen P Cathro, Noah S Schenkman, Tracey L Krupski
OBJECTIVE: To create a validated tool to measure digital rectal examination proficiency and aid with teaching of the examination. DESIGN: The Digital Rectal Examination Clinical Tool was created using a modified Delphi method with 5 urologists and 5 radiation oncologists. The instrument was then validated in a population of preclinical medical students examining male urological teaching associates, and clinical trainees (third- and fourth-year medical students and urology resident physicians) examining prospectively enrolled subjects...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923370/nursing-students-perceptions-of-preparation-to-engage-in-patient-education
#16
Elizabeth Richard, Teresa Evans, Bev Williams
Patient teaching is a key component of graduate nursing practice. Nurses sometimes believe that their undergraduate teaching does not prepare them to engage in effective patient teaching. In addition, nursing students often do not use teaching resources when engaging in patient teaching. The aim of this focused ethnographic study was to determine if students in a CBL/PBL based learning undergraduate nursing program engage in patient teaching when they are in the clinical area. Focus groups and shorter individual interviews were used to ensure in-depth data collection...
September 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923192/sickness-absenteeism-is-associated-with-sleep-problems-independent-of-sleep-disorders-results-of-the-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#17
Amy C Reynolds, Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Sally A Ferguson, Robert J Adams
INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorders are associated with sickness absenteeism (SA), at significant economic cost. Correlates of absenteeism are less well described in nonclinical samples. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We determined the relationship between markers of inadequate sleep and SA in a sample of 551 working adults aged ≥18 years across Australia. We considered diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and insomnia symptoms, daytime symptoms, and sleepiness with respect to sickness absenteeism (missing ≥1 day of work in the past 28 days because of problems with physical or mental health)...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923042/the-potential-of-a-self-assessment-tool-to-identify-healthcare-professionals-strengths-and-areas-in-need-of-professional-development-to-aid-effective-facilitation-of-group-based-person-centered-diabetes-education
#18
Vibeke Stenov, Gitte Wind, Timothy Skinner, Susanne Reventlow, Nana Folmann Hempler
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals' person-centered communication skills are pivotal for successful group-based diabetes education. However, healthcare professionals are often insufficiently equipped to facilitate person-centeredness and many have never received post-graduate training. Currently, assessing professionals' skills in conducting group-based, person-centered diabetes education primarily focus on experts measuring and coding skills on various scales. However, learner-centered approaches such as adequate self-reflective tools have been shown to emphasize professional autonomy and promote engagement...
September 18, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922842/on-faculty-development-of-stem-inclusive-teaching-practices
#19
Bryan M Dewsbury
Faculty development of inclusive teaching practices has become more common in response to significant differences in STEM student retention between underrepresented minorities in the USA and students from other ethnic groups. Approaches to solve this have shifted from focusing on student deficits to changing campus culture, including the mindsets of instructors who teach STEM courses. In this article, I argue that based on the literature informing the conceptual frameworks used for faculty development in inclusive teaching, faculty developers should reframe the message of their workshops to focus participants more on the scope of the journey, and shift the direction of overall efforts some to redevelop pedagogical training at the graduate and postdoc levels...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922617/training-the-next-generation-of-biobankers-a-two-year-master-s-course-in-the-management-of-biobanks
#20
Emmanuelle Gormally, Isabelle Hardy, Elodie Caboux, Jeanne-Hélène di Donato, Pierre Hainaut, Paul Hofman
The growing complexity of biobanking requires dedicated professional staff who are trained in multiple aspects of the biobanking process, including technical, managerial, regulatory, and ethical aspects, and who have a good understanding of the challenges of biospecimen research, but also of the challenges related to the sustainability of future biobanks. Up to the present, biobanking staff have been trained in an ad-hoc manner, usually through specific short duration courses, for example, summer schools. In this article, we describe the development/establishment of a systematic 2-year training program at the Master level intended for students with a background in life sciences and providing them with a professional qualification as a "Biobank Manager...
September 18, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
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