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Andrea Tran
The purpose of the Baby-Friendly hospital initiative is to encourage hospitals to use best practices to support infant feeding, as demonstrated by implementing the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding recommended by the World Health Organization. The journey to becoming a Baby-Friendly designated hospital is challenging but ultimately rewarding. In October 2015, Boulder Community Foothills Hospital, a community hospital with a strong breastfeeding culture and a 98% rate of women who initiate breastfeeding postpartum, became one of the approximately 300 Baby-Friendly designated hospitals in the United States...
October 14, 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Agnes Afrodite S Albuquerque, Edson A Margarido, Antonio Carlos Menardi, Adilson Scorzoni, Andrea Carla Celotto, Alfredo J Rodrigues, Walter Vilella A Vicente, Paulo Roberto B Evora
Objective: To examine if methylene blue (MB) can counteract or prevent protamine (P) cardiovascular effects. Methods: The protocol included five heparinized pig groups: Group Sham -without any drug; Group MB - MB 3 mg/kg infusion; Group P - protamine; Group P/MB - MB after protamine; Group MB/P - MB before protamine. Nitric oxide levels were obtained by the nitric oxide/ozone chemiluminescence method, performed using the Nitric Oxide Analizer 280i (Sievers, Boulder, CO, USA)...
May 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Josh Walter Borella, Mark Quigley, Louise Vick
Human modification of natural landscapes has influenced surface processes in many settings on Earth. Quantitative data comparing the distribution and behavior of geologic phenomena before and after human arrival are sparse but urgently required to evaluate possible anthropogenic influences on geologic hazards. We conduct field and imagery-based mapping, statistical analysis, and numerical modeling of rockfall boulders triggered by the fatal 2011 Christchurch earthquakes (n = 285) and newly identified prehistoric (Holocene and Pleistocene) boulders (n = 1049)...
September 2016: Science Advances
Jason M Evans, Detlev Helmig
The Northern Colorado Front Range (NCFR) has been in exceedance of the ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) since 2004, which has led to much debate over the sources of ozone precursors to the region, as this area is home to both the Denver metropolitan area and the Denver-Julesburg Basin, which has experienced rapid growth of oil and natural gas (O&NG) operations and associated emissions. Several recent studies have reported elevated levels of atmospheric volatile organic compounds (VOC) as a result of O&NG emissions and the potential for significant ozone production from these emissions, despite implementation of stricter O&NG VOC emissions regulations in 2008...
September 14, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Rogelio Daniel Acevedo
At the southernmost part of Tierra del Fuego a few outcrops and erratic boulders of alkali basaltic rocks with ultramafic enclaves have been studied. Alkali basalt plugs or pipes hitherto identified are scarce, and host rocks are constituted by slates that belong to Mesozoic deposition. The petrography, texture and composition of the basalt and xenoliths were investigated by petrographic microscope and electron microprobe analysis. Xenocrysts of amphibole and alkali feldspar, phenocrysts of nepheline, olivine, spinel, phlogopite and Fe-Ti minerals (10 %) and a diversity of xenoliths, mainly lherzolitic, pyroxenite and wehrlitic nodules (15 %), but also from metamorphic rocks provenance, are contained in the basalt groundmass (75 %)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Ronald Petie, Anders Garm, Michael R Hall
BACKGROUND: Photoreceptors have evolved numerous times giving organisms the ability to detect light and respond to specific visual stimuli. Studies into the visual abilities of the Asteroidea (Echinodermata) have recently shown that species within this class have a more developed visual sense than previously thought and it has been demonstrated that starfish use visual information for orientation within their habitat. Whereas image forming eyes have been suggested for starfish, direct experimental proof of true spatial vision has not yet been obtained...
2016: Frontiers in Zoology
Robert O Deaner, Vittorio Addona, Rickey E Carter, Michael J Joyner, Sandra K Hunter
Background. Previous studies have demonstrated that men are more likely than women to slow in the marathon (footrace). This study investigated whether the sex difference in pacing occurs for a shorter race distance. Materials & Methods. Data were acquired from the Bolder Boulder 10 km road race for the years 2008-2013, which encompassed 191,693 performances. There were two pacing measures, percentage change in pace of the first 3 miles relative to the final 3.2 miles and percentage change in pace of the first mile relative to the final 5...
2016: PeerJ
Alejandra Verde, Carolina Bastidas, Aldo Croquer
Caribbean ciliate infection (CCI) and white band disease (WBD) are diseases that affect a multitude of coral hosts and are associated with rapid rates of tissue losses, thus contributing to declining coral cover in Caribbean reefs. In this study we compared tissue mortality rates associated to CCI in three species of corals with different growth forms: Orbicella faveolata (massive-boulder), O. annularis (massive-columnar) and Acropora cervicornis (branching). We also compared mortality rates in colonies of A...
2016: PeerJ
Pauline D Scanlan, Rob Knight, Se Jin Song, Gail Ackermann, Paul D Cotter
The human gut is host to a diversity of microorganisms including the single-celled microbial eukaryote Blastocystis. Although Blastocystis has a global distribution, there is dearth of information relating to its prevalence and diversity in many human populations. The mode of Blastocystis transmission to humans is also insufficiently characterised, however, it is speculated to vary between different populations. Here we investigated the incidence and genetic diversity of Blastocystis in a US population and also the possibility of Blastocystis human-human transmission between healthy individuals using family units (N=50) living in Boulder, Colorado as our sample-set...
August 18, 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Aymen N Naguib, Peter D Winch, Roby Sebastian, Daniel Gomez, Luisa Guzman, Julie Rice, Dmitry Tumin, Mark Galantowicz, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a noninvasive monitoring technique that measures regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2). OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to compare the output of 2 NIRS-based cerebral oximetry devices, FORESIGHT (CAS Medical Systems Inc, Branford, Connecticut) and INVOS (Covidien, Boulder, Colorado), to venous oxygen saturations from the jugular venous bulb at cannulation and decannulation of the superior vena cava (SVC). Secondary objectives included evaluating correlations of cerebral saturation, as measured by the NIRS devices, with mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), measured by an invasive arterial line, and end-tidal CO2 (ETCO2)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Leslee J Shaw, Todd Villines, Jonathon Leipsic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Victor P Andreev, Brenda W Gillespie, Brian T Helfand, Robert M Merion
Unsupervised classification methods are gaining acceptance in omics studies of complex common diseases, which are often vaguely defined and are likely the collections of disease subtypes. Unsupervised classification based on the molecular signatures identified in omics studies have the potential to reflect molecular mechanisms of the subtypes of the disease and to lead to more targeted and successful interventions for the identified subtypes. Multiple classification algorithms exist but none is ideal for all types of data...
2016: Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics
Alvaro Duque, Zeljka Krsnik, Ivica Kostović, Pasko Rakic
The subplate (SP) was the last cellular compartment added to the Boulder Committee's list of transient embryonic zones [Bystron I, Blakemore C, Rakic P (2008) Nature Rev Neurosci 9(2):110-122]. It is highly developed in human and nonhuman primates, but its origin, mode, and dynamics of development, resolution, and eventual extinction are not well understood because human postmortem tissue offers only static descriptive data, and mice cannot serve as an adequate experimental model for the distinct regional differences in primates...
August 30, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jiří Baláš, Michail Michailov, David Giles, Jan Kodejška, Michaela Panáčková, Simon Fryer
This study aimed to (1) evaluate the effect of hand shaking during recovery phases of intermittent testing on the time-force characteristics of performance and muscle oxygenation, and (2) assess inter-individual variability in the time to achieve the target force during intermittent testing in rock climbers. Twenty-two participants undertook three finger flexor endurance tests at 60% of their maximal voluntary contraction until failure. Performances of a sustained contraction and two intermittent contractions, each with different recovery strategies, were analysed by time-force parameters and near-infrared spectroscopy...
October 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Samanta Zevallos, Roberto K Elías, Raúl A Berenguel, Thomas J Weaver, Richard P Reading
The Peruvian Andes are the home of 27 species of frogs of the genus Telmatobius, many of which are critically endangered. Illegal trade of adult frogs for purported medical properties likely represents the major threat facing these species. This activity, besides reducing their populations, may contribute to the dissemination of the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which causes chytridiomycosis, a disease posing a threat to many populations of amphibians. We screened frogs confiscated by the Administration of Forestry and Wildlife in Lima, Peru, for Bd...
October 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Victor B Holland, Steven R Beaty, Luke M Jacobus
Neoephemera eatoni sp. nov. is described based on nymphs, imagos, and eggs from North Carolina and Virginia, USA. Nymphs of the new species are associated only with hornleaf riverweed (Podostemum ceratophyllum) growing on the surfaces of cobbles and boulders in moderate to swift flows, at a depth of up to one meter. Life stages were associated by laboratory rearing. Nymphs of the new species are distinguished from other Nearctic Neoephemera by the following combination of characters: all legs are short and stout, with overall lengths subequal to each other; tibial and tarsal lengths are subequal on all legs; tarsal claws are sharply curved; anterolateral projections on the pronotum and mesonotum are reduced; and anterosubmedian tubercles are absent from the pronotum...
2016: Zootaxa
Truong An Dang, Sang Deog Park
Studies of sediment transport problems in mountainous rivers with steep slopes are difficult due to rapid variations in flow regimes, abrupt changes in topography, etc. Sediment transport in mountainous rivers with steep slopes is a complicated subject because bed materials in mountainous rivers are often heterogeneous and contain a wide range of bed material sizes, such as gravel, cobbles, boulders, etc. This paper presents a numerical model that was developed to simulate the river morphology in mountainous rivers where the maximum bed material size is in the range of cobbles...
2016: SpringerPlus
Amy L Concilio, Jesse B Nippert, Shivani Ehrenfeucht, Karie Cherwin, Timothy R Seastedt
Global change drivers are altering climatic and edaphic conditions of ecosystems across the globe, and we expect novel plant communities to become more common as a result. In the Colorado Front Range, compositional changes have occurred in the mixed-grass prairie plant community in conjunction with shifts in winter precipitation and atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. To test whether these environmental changes have been responsible for the observed plant community change, we conducted an in situ manipulative experiment in a mixed-grass meadow near Boulder, CO...
November 2016: Oecologia
Julie L Meyer, John M Rodgers, Brian A Dillard, Valerie J Paul, Max Teplitski
Dark Spot Syndrome (DSS) is one of the most common diseases of boulder corals in the Caribbean. It presents as sunken brown lesions in coral tissue, which can spread quickly over coral colonies. With this study, we tested the hypothesis that similar to other coral diseases, DSS is a dysbiosis characterized by global shifts in the coral microbiome. Because Black Band Disease (BBD) was sometimes found following DSS lesions, we also tested the hypothesis that DSS is a precursor of BBD. To track disease initiation and progression 24 coral colonies were tagged...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Laura E Kohler, JoAnn Silverstein, And Balaji Rajagopalan
: Owner resistance to increasing regulation of on-site wastewater treatment systems (OWTS), including obligatory inspections and upgrades, moratoriums and cease-and-desist orders in communities around the U.S. demonstrate the challenges associated with managing risks of inadequate performance of owner-operated wastewater treatment systems. As a result, determining appropriate and enforceable performance measures in an industry with little history of these requirements is challenging. To better support such measures, we develop a statistical method to predict lifetime failure risks, expressed as costs, in order to identify operational factors associated with costly repairs and replacement...
June 15, 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
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