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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679829/fulfilling-spawning-flow-requirements-for-potamodromous-cyprinids-in-a-restored-river-segment
#1
Isabel Boavida, Joaquim B Jesus, Vítor Pereira, Cátia Santos, Marisa Lopes, Rui M V Cortes
The Baixo Sabor hydroelectric scheme was recently constructed (began operating in 2015), blocking fish migration immediately at the river mouth. As a compensation measure for spawning habitat loss the Vilariça River which confluences with Sabor River, immediately downstream from the Baixo Sabor scheme, was chosen for rehabilitation site as an attempt to replace the spawning grounds lost in Sabor River for the potamodromous cyprinid Iberian barbel (Luciobarbus bocagei). Restoration activities included: placement of submerged weirs with fish ramps to increase the lotic/lentic sequence, bank reinforcement, boulder placement and river water profile increase...
April 18, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659257/diurnal-variability-and-emission-pattern-of-decamethylcyclopentasiloxane-d-5-from-the-application-of-personal-care-products-in-two-north-american-cities
#2
Matthew M Coggon, Brian McDonald, Alexander Vlasenko, Patrick Veres, Francois Bernard, Abigail R Koss, Bin Yuan, Jessica B Gilman, Jeff Peischl, Kenneth C Aikin, Justin DuRant, Carsten Warneke, Shao-Meng Li, Joost A de Gouw
Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5 ) is a cyclic volatile methyl siloxane (cVMS) that is widely used in consumer products and commonly observed in urban air. This study quantifies the ambient mixing ratios of D5 from ground sites in two North American cities (Boulder, CO, USA and Toronto, ON, CA). From these data, we estimate the diurnal emission profile of D5 in Boulder, CO. Ambient mixing ratios were consistent with those measured at other urban locations; however, the diurnal pattern exhibited similarities with those of traffic-related compounds such as benzene...
April 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658157/temperature-influences-habitat-preference-of-coral-reef-fishes-will-generalists-become-more-specialised-in-a-warming-ocean
#3
Paloma A Matis, Jennifer M Donelson, Stephen Bush, Rebecca J Fox, David J Booth
Climate change is expected to pose a significant risk to species that exhibit strong behavioural preferences for specific habitat types, with generalist species assumed to be less vulnerable. In this study, we conducted habitat choice experiments to determine how water temperature influences habitat preference for three common species of coral reef damselfish (Pomacentridae) that differ in their levels of habitat specialisation. The lemon damselfish Pomacentrus moluccensis, a habitat specialist, consistently selected complex coral habitat across all temperature treatments (selected based on local average seasonal temperatures naturally experienced in situ: ambient winter 22°C; ambient summer 28°C; and elevated 31°C)...
April 15, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619113/analysis-of-circulating-angiopoietin-like-protein-3-and-genetic-variants-in-lipid-metabolism-and-liver-health-the-diogenes-study
#4
Anne Lundby Hess, Jérôme Carayol, Trine Blædel, Jörg Hager, Alessandro Di Cara, Arne Astrup, Wim H M Saris, Lesli Hingstrup Larsen, Armand Valsesia
Background: Angiopoietin-like protein 3 (ANGPTL3), a liver-derived protein, plays an important role in the lipid and lipoprotein metabolism. Using data available from the DiOGenes study, we assessed the link with clinical improvements (weight, plasma lipid, and insulin levels) and changes in liver markers, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), adiponectin, fetuin A and B, and cytokeratin 18 (CK-18), upon low-calorie diet (LCD) intervention. We also examined the role of genetic variation in determining the level of circulating ANGPTL3 and the relation between the identified genetic markers and markers of hepatic steatosis...
2018: Genes & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578838/reliability-and-validity-of-finger-strength-and-endurance-measurements-in-rock-climbing
#5
Michail Lubomirov Michailov, Jiří Baláš, Stoyan Kolev Tanev, Hristo Stoyanov Andonov, Jan Kodejška, Lee Brown
PURPOSE: An advanced system for the assessment of climbing-specific performance was developed and used to: (a) investigate the effect of arm fixation (AF) on construct validity evidence and reliability of climbing-specific finger-strength measurement; (b) assess reliability of finger-strength and endurance measurements; and (c) evaluate the relationship between finger flexor all-out test scores and climbing ability. METHODS: To determine the effect of AF, 22 male climbers performed 2 maximal strength and all-out tests with AF (shoulder and elbow flexed at 90°) and without AF (shoulder flexed at 180° and elbow fully extended)...
March 26, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548796/reliability-and-validity-of-heartsmartkids-a-survey-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-children
#6
Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Sarah Schmiege, Heather Aldrich, Carol Stevens, Makena Scheller
INTRODUCTION: Reliable and valid instruments to measure counseling effectiveness related to eating, activity, and inactivity are lacking. HeartSmartKids (HSK; HeartSmartKids, LLC, Boulder, Colorado) is a bilingual decision-support technology that can be used to assess and counsel families on cardiovascular risk factors in children. The purpose of this study was to establish preliminary test-retest reliability and convergent validity of HSK questions relative to a previously validated questionnaire, HABITS...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538449/alluvial-substrate-mapping-by-automated-texture-segmentation-of-recreational-grade-side-scan-sonar-imagery
#7
Daniel Hamill, Daniel Buscombe, Joseph M Wheaton
Side scan sonar in low-cost 'fishfinder' systems has become popular in aquatic ecology and sedimentology for imaging submerged riverbed sediment at coverages and resolutions sufficient to relate bed texture to grain-size. Traditional methods to map bed texture (i.e. physical samples) are relatively high-cost and low spatial coverage compared to sonar, which can continuously image several kilometers of channel in a few hours. Towards a goal of automating the classification of bed habitat features, we investigate relationships between substrates and statistical descriptors of bed textures in side scan sonar echograms of alluvial deposits...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536051/gas-forming-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-world-review
#8
Coeway Boulder Thng, Yen Pin Tan, Vishal G Shelat
Backgrounds/Aims: Gas-forming pyogenic liver abscess (GFPLA) has an incidence of up to 30% of all pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA). GFPLA has higher mortality compared to non-GFPLA. Mere presence of gas within abscess may not determine clinical outcome. Hence it is important to study biologic characteristics that make GFPLA a distinct clinical entity. The aim of this study was to conduct a world review on GFPLA. Methods: We conducted literature searches in PubMed using the following MeSH terms: "gas forming" AND "Liver abscess, pyogenic", "gas" AND "Liver abscess, pyogenic", "gas" AND "Liver abscess", "gas forming" AND "Liver abscess"...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504197/legal-barriers-to-the-growth-of-health-information-exchange-boulders-or-pebbles
#9
Michelle M Mello, Julia Adler-Milstein, Karen L Ding, Lucia Savage
Policy Points: Historically, in addition to economic and technical hurdles, state and federal health information privacy laws have been cited as a significant obstacle to expanding electronic health information exchange (HIE) in the United States. Our review finds that over the past decade, several helpful developments have ameliorated the legal barriers to HIE, although variation in states' patient consent requirements remains a challenge. Today, health care providers' complaints about legal obstacles to HIE may be better understood as reflecting concerns about the economic and competitive risks of information sharing...
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485111/sisyphus-desperately-seeking-publisher
#10
Antoinette Molinie, Geoffrey Bodenhausen
As a punishment for his trickery, King Sisyphus was made to endlessly roll a huge boulder up a steep hill. The maddening nature of the punishment was reserved for King Sisyphus due to his hubristic belief that his cleverness surpassed that of Zeus himself. Today's scientists also pay a heavy price for their hubris and narcissism. They try to trick the editors of a few 'top' journals by peppering their papers with glitter and 'bling-bling', making overblown promises, and giving minimal credit to their predecessors...
March 2018: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468009/is-red-heavier-than-yellow-even-for-blind
#11
Marco Barilari, Adélaïde de Heering, Virginie Crollen, Olivier Collignon, Roberto Bottini
Across cultures and languages, people find similarities between the products of different senses in mysterious ways. By studying what is called cross-modal correspondences, cognitive psychologists discovered that lemons are fast rather than slow, boulders are sour, and red is heavier than yellow. Are these cross-modal correspondences established via sensory perception or can they be learned merely through language? We contribute to this debate by demonstrating that early blind people who lack the perceptual experience of color also think that red is heavier than yellow but to a lesser extent than sighted do...
January 2018: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451892/assessing-site-formation-and-assemblage-integrity-through-stone-tool-refitting-at-gruta-da-oliveira-almonda-karst-system-torres-novas-portugal-a-middle-paleolithic-case-study
#12
Marianne Deschamps, João Zilhão
We use stone tool refitting to assess palimpsest formation and stratigraphic integrity in the basal units of the Gruta da Oliveira archeo-stratigraphic sequence, layers 15-27, which TL and U-series dating places in late Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5 or early MIS 4. As in most karst contexts, the formation of this succession involved multiple and complex phenomena, including subsidence, bioturbation, carnivore activity and runoff as agents of potential post-depositional disturbance. During phases of stabilization, such as represented by layers 15, 21 and 22, the excavated area was inhabited and refits corroborate that post-depositional displacement is negligible...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446703/use-of-the-5-mm-endoscopic-stapler-for-ligation-of-fistula-in-laparoscopic-assisted-repair-of-anorectal-malformation
#13
Bethany J Slater, Saundra Kay, Steven S Rothenberg
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic anorectoplasty (LARRP) for the treatment of select anorectal malformations has gained popularity due to enhanced visualization of the fistula and the ability to place the rectum within the sphincter complex while minimizing division of muscles and the perineal incision. However, given the technical challenges and reported complications of ligation, a number of techniques have been described, including using clips, suture ligation, endoloops, or division without closure...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401200/actn3-genotype-in-professional-sport-climbers
#14
Michał Ginszt, Małgorzata Michalak-Wojnowska, Piotr Gawda, Magdalena Wojcierowska-Litwin, Iwona Korszeń-Pilecka, Małgorzata Kusztelak, Rafał Muda, Agata A Filip, Piotr Majcher
The functional RR genotype of the alpha-actinin-3 (ACTN3) gene has been reported to be associated with elite sprint/power athlete status. Although large and rapidly increasing number of studies have investigated the associations between the ACTN3 genotypes and athletic performance in various sport disciplines, there is a lack of studies on the genetic predisposition in Sport Climbing, which was selected to be part of the next Summer Olympic Games in Tokyo 2020 with three subdisciplines ('Lead Climbing', 'Speed Climbing' and 'Bouldering')...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389695/anthropometric-and-athletic-performance-combine-test-results-among-positions-within-grade-levels-of-high-school-aged-american-football-players
#15
Todd J Leutzinger, Zachary M Gillen, Amelia M Miramonti, Brianna D McKay, Alegra I Mendez, Joel T Cramer
The purpose of the present study was to investigate differences among player positions at three grade levels in elite, collegiate-prospective American football players. Participants' data (n = 7,160) were analyzed for this study [mean height (Ht) ± standard deviation (SD) = 178 ± 7 cm, weight (Wt) = 86 ± 19 kg]. Data were obtained from 12 different high school American football recruiting combines hosted by Zybek Sports (Boulder, Colorado). Eight two-way (9x3) mixed factorial ANOVAs [position (defensive back (DB), defensive end (DE), defensive lineman (DL), linebacker (LB), offensive lineman (OL), quarterback (QB), running back (RB), tight end (TE), and wide receiver (WR) x grade (freshmen, sophomores, and juniors)] were used to test for differences among the mean test scores for each combine measure [Ht, Wt, 40-yard (40yd) dash, pro-agility drill (PA), L-cone drill (LC), vertical jump (VJ), and broad jump (BJ)]...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300196/mesenteric-oxygenation-changes-associated-with-necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-pneumoperitoneum-after-multiple-blood-transfusions-a-case-report
#16
Terri Marin, James E Moore
BACKGROUND: The multifactorial pathology and broad clinical presentation of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) development in premature infants make prediction of disease onset extremely challenging. Over the past decade, packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusions have been temporally linked to the development of NEC in severely anemic preterm infants, although this issue is highly controversial. PURPOSE: In this case study, we describe events of an extremely low birth-weight infant who developed NEC complicated by pneumoperitoneum after receiving multiple PRBC transfusions...
April 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283009/is-global-constitutional-insurgency-the-key-to-transforming-the-world-order-and-saving-the-climate-brecher-jeremy-2015-climate-insurgency-a-strategy-for-survival-boulder-co-paradigm-publishers-170-pp-49-95-paperback-isbn-978-1-61205-821-4
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280235/first-signs-of-macroinvertebrate-recovery-following-enhanced-restoration-of-boreal-streams-used-for-timber-floating
#18
Francesca Pilotto, Christer Nilsson, Lina E Polvi, Brendan G McKie
Although ecological restoration generally succeeds in increasing physical heterogeneity, many projects fail to enhance biota. Researchers have suggested several possible explanations, including insufficient restoration intensity, or time-lags in ecological responses that prevent detection of significant changes in short-term monitoring programs. This study aims to evaluate whether benthic macroinvertebrate communities responded to an expanded set of stream restoration measures within a study period of one to five years after completion of the restoration project...
March 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244559/thermoregulatory-behavior-simultaneously-promotes-and-forestalls-evolution-in-a-tropical-lizard
#19
Martha M Muñoz, Jonathan B Losos
The role of behavior in evolution has long been discussed, with some arguing that behavior promotes evolution by exposing organisms to selection (behavioral drive) and others proposing that it inhibits evolution by shielding organisms from environmental variation (behavioral inertia). However, this discussion has generally focused on the effects of behavior along a single axis without considering that behavior simultaneously influences selection in various niche dimensions. By examining evolutionary change along two distinct niche axes-structural and thermal-we propose that behavior simultaneously drives and impedes evolution in a group of Anolis lizards from the Caribbean island of Hispaniola...
January 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217323/noninvasive-monitoring-of-physiologic-compromise-in-acute-appendicitis-new-insight-into-an-old-disease
#20
Young Mee Choi, David Leopold, Kristen Campbell, Jane Mulligan, Greg Z Grudic, Steven L Moulton
INTRODUCTION: Physiologic compromise in children with acute appendicitis has heretofore been difficult to measure. We hypothesized that the Compensatory Reserve Index (CRI), a novel adjunctive cardiovascular status indicator, would be low for children presenting with acute appendicitis in proportion to their physiological compromise, and that CRI would rise with fluid resuscitation and surgical management of their disease. METHODS: Ninety-four children diagnosed with acute appendicitis were monitored with a CipherOx CRI™ M1 pulse oximeter (Flashback Technologies Inc...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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