Read by QxMD icon Read


Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Tomasz Niklewski, Bożena Szyguła-Jurkiewicz, Jerzy Pacholewicz, Michał Zakliczyński, Jarosław Borkowski, Tomasz Hrapkowicz, Marian Zembala
BACKGROUND Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are used to treat heart failure. Preoperative prediction of RV function after LVAD implantation is crucial. Correlations were found between preoperative echo and RV function after LVAD implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 23 male patients (8 ischemic, 15 nonischemic cardiomyopathy) with LVAD implantation (17 HeartWare, 6 HeartMate II) at the Silesian Center for Heart Diseases from 1 January 2013 to 28 October 2014. Preoperative TTE data of RV function included RVFAC (fractional area change), TAPSE (tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion), RV diameter (RV4), and RV/LV (right/left ventricle) ratio...
2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Dobrosława L Sikora-Szczęśniak, Grzegorz Szczęśniak, Mieczysław Szatanek, Wacław Sikora
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of obstetric (peripartum and postpartum) hysterectomies with regard to their frequency, indications, complications, and risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 52 women operated between 1985-2012. Obstetric hysterectomies were performed in 39 (75%) and 13 (25%) women, respectively. The results were statistically analyzed as arithmetic mean and standard deviation (SD). RESULTS: Peri- and postpartum hysterectomies accounted for 0...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Muhammet C Kizilarslanoglu, Mehmet E Kuyumcu, Yusuf Yesil, Meltem Halil
Sarcopenia occurring as a primary consequence of aging and secondary due to certain medical problems including chronic disease, malnutrition and inactivity is a progressive generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass, strength and function. The prevalence of sarcopenia increases with aging (approximately 5-13 % in the sixth and seventh decades). However, data showing the prevalence and clinical outcomes of sarcopenia in intensive care units (ICUs) are limited. A similar condition to sarcopenia in the ICU, called ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW), has been reported more frequently...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Marta Wałaszek, Alicja Kosiarska, Agnieszka Gniadek, Małgorzata Kołpa, Zdzisław Wolak, Wiesław Dobroś, Jolanta Siadek
INTRODUCTION: Patients in the intensive care units (ICU) are exposed to many factors that may cause hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), a particular type of which is ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The specific risk factors for developing VAP affect patients already on the day of their admission to a unit and are associated with their underlying diseases and invasive medical procedures, which they undergo. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for VAP associated with a patient and the used invasive treatment...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
Adrien Bouglé, Pierre Rocheteau, Tarek Sharshar, Fabrice Chrétien
Severe critical illness is often complicated by intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW), which is associated with increased ICU and post-ICU mortality, delayed weaning from mechanical ventilation and long-term functional disability. Several mechanisms have been implicated in the pathophysiology of ICU-AW, but muscle regeneration has not been investigated to any extent in this context, even though its involvement is suggested by the protracted functional consequences of ICU-AW. Recent data suggest that muscle regeneration could be impaired after sepsis, and that mesenchymal stem cell treatment could improve the post-injury muscle recovery...
May 19, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
David Berger, Stefan Bloechlinger, Stephan von Haehling, Wolfram Doehner, Jukka Takala, Werner J Z'Graggen, Joerg C Schefold
Muscular weakness and muscle wasting may often be observed in critically ill patients on intensive care units (ICUs) and may present as failure to wean from mechanical ventilation. Importantly, mounting data demonstrate that mechanical ventilation itself may induce progressive dysfunction of the main respiratory muscle, i.e. the diaphragm. The respective condition was termed 'ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction' (VIDD) and should be distinguished from peripheral muscular weakness as observed in 'ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW)'...
September 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Paul E Wischmeyer, Inigo San-Millan
Over the last 10 years we have significantly reduced hospital mortality from sepsis and critical illness. However, the evidence reveals that over the same period we have tripled the number of patients being sent to rehabilitation settings. Further, given that as many as half of the deaths in the first year following ICU admission occur post ICU discharge, it is unclear how many of these patients ever returned home. For those who do survive, the latest data indicate that 50-70% of ICU "survivors" will suffer cognitive impairment and 60-80% of "survivors" will suffer functional impairment or ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW)...
2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Maria Wujtewicz, Magdalena Anna Wujtewicz, Radosław Owczuk
Conflicts in intensive care units (ICUs) are common and concern all professional groups, patients and their families. Both intra- and inter-team conflicts occur. The most common conflicts occur between nurses and physicians, followed by those within nursing teams and between ICU personnel and family members. The main causes of conflicts are considered to be unsatisfactory quality of the information provided, inappropriate ways of communication and improper approach towards treatment of patients. ICU conflicts can have serious consequences not only for families but also for patients, physicians, nurses and wider society...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Joanna Dylczyk-Sommer, Radosław Owczuk, Maria Wujtewicz, Jacek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Postoperative desaturation can lead to severe hypoxaemia and even tissue hypoxia, followed by cardiological and neurological complications. Opioid usage is the one of the most important risk factors of postoperative desaturation and hypoxemia. Epidural anaesthesia is recommended for vascular surgery for many reasons; the reduction or elimination of opioid doses is one reason. The aims of the study were to evaluate the incidence of desaturation episodes in patients after surgical procedures with abdominal aortic clamping, to determine whether the episodes in question lead to clinical symptoms of hypoxia and to determine whether epidural anaesthesia decreases the incidence of desaturation episodes...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Krzysztof Greberski, Paweł Bugajski, Stanisław Rzymski, Radosław Jarząbek, Bogumił Olczak, Ryszard Kalawski
Thoracic injuries are usually caused by penetrating or blunt trauma. The primary method of treatment is surgery. This study describes two cases of male patients with stab wounds of the chest resulting from suicide attempts. The first case involved a 29-year-old patient transported and admitted to the hospital with a knife still in his chest; its blade extended from the jugular notch to the 5(th) thoracic vertebra but did not damage any important structures. The applied treatment, limited to evacuating the knife, resulted in a satisfactory outcome, and the patient was discharged from the intensive care unit (ICU) in good condition...
March 2015: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Daren K Heyland, Renee D Stapleton, Marina Mourtzakis, Catherine L Hough, Peter Morris, Nicolaas E Deutz, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Andrew Day, Carla M Prado, Dale M Needham
Survivors of critical illness commonly experience neuromuscular abnormalities, including muscle weakness known as ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW). ICU-AW is associated with delayed weaning from mechanical ventilation, extended ICU and hospital stays, more healthcare-related hospital costs, a higher risk of death, and impaired physical functioning and quality of life in the months after ICU admission. These observations speak to the importance of developing new strategies to aid in the physical recovery of acute respiratory failure patients...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Katarzyna Śmiłowska, Justyna Pytel, Lech Krawczyk, Marek Śmiłowski, Przemysław Jałowiecki
BACKGROUND: Gunshot wounds as a result of attempted suicide, criminality or warfare comprise a significant group among penetrating injuries of the brain. A prognosis in such cases is based mainly on an initial score on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). According to the literature, the mortality rate among patients with initial GCS ranging from 3 to 5 points is very high, up to 98.5%. Although there are also many other prognostic factors for high mortality, such as damage to the ventricular system or the involvement of two or more lobes, GCS score seems to be the most important determinant...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Aaron Bunnell, John Ney, Alfred Gellhorn, Catherine L Hough
Intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) causes significant morbidity and impairment in critically ill patients. Recent advances in neuromuscular ultrasound (NMUS) allow evaluation of neuromuscular pathology early in critical illness. Here we review application of ultrasound in ICU-AW. MEDLINE-indexed articles were searched for terms relevant to ultrasound and critical illness. Two reviewers evaluated the resulting abstracts (n = 218) and completed full-text review (n = 13). Twelve studies and 1 case report were included...
November 2015: Muscle & Nerve
Esther Witteveen, Inge C M Hoogland, Luuk Wieske, Nina C Weber, Camiel Verhamme, Marcus J Schultz, Ivo N van Schaik, Janneke Horn
INTRODUCTION: There are few reports of in vivo muscle strength measurements in animal models of ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW). In this study we investigated whether the Escherichia coli (E. coli) septic peritonitis mouse model may serve as an ICU-AW model using in vivo strength measurements and myosin/actin assays, and whether development of ICU-AW is age-dependent in this model. METHODS: Young and old mice were injected intraperitoneally with E. coli and treated with ceftriaxone...
January 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Selina M Parry, Sue Berney, Catherine L Granger, Danielle L Dunlop, Laura Murphy, Doa El-Ansary, René Koopman, Linda Denehy
INTRODUCTION: Intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) is a significant problem. There is currently widespread variability in the methods used for manual muscle testing and handgrip dynamometry (HGD) to diagnose ICU-AW. This study was conducted in two parts. The aims of this study were: to determine the inter-rater reliability and agreement of manual muscle strength testing using both isometric and through-range techniques using the Medical Research Council sum score and a new four-point scale, and to examine the validity of HGD and determine a cutoff score for the diagnosis of ICU-AW for the new four-point scale...
2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Jan Adamski, Radosław Goraj, Dariusz Onichimowski, Ewa Gawlikowska, Wojciech Weigl
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate possible differences in the functioning of two selected intensive care units in Poland and Finland. The activity of the units was analysed over a period of one year. METHODS: The following parameters were compared: demography of treated populations, site of admission, category of illness, severity of illness (APACHE-II scale), mean length of stay, demanded workload (TISS-28 scale), mortality (both ICU and hospital) and standardized mortality ratio (SMR)...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Bronwen Connolly, April Thompson, Abdel Douiri, John Moxham, Nicholas Hart
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate feasibility of exercise-based rehabilitation delivered after hospital discharge in patients with intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty adult patients, mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours, with ICU-AW diagnosis at ICU discharge were included in a pilot feasibility randomized controlled trial receiving a 16-session exercise-based rehabilitation program. Twenty-one patients without ICU-AW participated in a nested observational cohort study...
June 2015: Journal of Critical Care
Roman Franiczek, Barbara Krzyżanowska
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of bloodstream infections (BSIs) due to ESBL-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) strains has increased dramatically over the past years. OBJECTIVES: Characterization of ESBL-EC isolates collected from BSIs with regard to their antimicrobial susceptibility and phylogenetic background. The conjugative transfer of resistance determinants to the E. coli reference strain K12 C600 was also investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A collection of forty-eight ESBL-EC strains recovered from BSIs was subjected to the study...
November 2014: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Michael P Casaer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Muscle wasting is common in severe critical illness. ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) contributes to acute and long-term morbidity and mortality. The question remains whether nutrition therapy in ICU can prevent or attenuate these complications. This review aims at integrating the most recent clinical data in order to answer this important clinical and research question. Clinical evidence was obtained from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Results from animal experiments and observational studies are referred to when - respectively - providing possible explanatory mechanisms or new hypotheses...
March 2015: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Luuk Wieske, Camiel Verhamme, Esther Witteveen, Aline Bouwes, Daniela S Dettling-Ihnenfeldt, Marike van der Schaaf, Marcus J Schultz, Ivo N van Schaik, Janneke Horn
BACKGROUND: An early diagnosis of ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) is difficult because disorders of consciousness frequently preclude muscle strength assessment. In this study, we investigated feasibility and accuracy of electrophysiological recordings to diagnose ICU-AW early in non-awake critically ill patients. METHODS: Newly admitted patients, mechanically ventilated ≥2 days and unreactive to verbal stimuli, were included in this study. Electrophysiological recordings comprised nerve conduction studies (NCS) of three nerves and, if coagulation was normal, myography in three muscles...
June 2015: Neurocritical Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"