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ICU AW

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515741/respiratory-functional-status-after-conventional-and-minimally-invasive-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery-a-propensity-score-analysis
#1
Jarosław Stoliński, Robert Musiał, Dariusz Plicner, Kamil Fijorek, Michał Mędrzycki, Janusz Andres, Bogusław Kapelak
INTRODUCTION: Reports describing respiratory function of patients after conventional or minimally invasive cardiac surgery are infrequent. AIM: To compare pulmonary functional status after conventional (AVR) and after minimally invasive, through right anterior minithoracotomy, aortic valve replacement (RT-AVR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was an observational analysis of 212 patients scheduled for RT-AVR and 212 for AVR between January 2011 and December 2014 selected using propensity score matching...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397440/diagnostic-usefulness-of-scd163-procalcitonin-and-neopterin-for-sepsis-risk-assessment-in-critically-ill-patients
#2
Agnieszka Sapa, Alina Rak, Magdalena Wybieralska, Jakub Machoń, Anna Krzywonos-Zawadzka, Kamil Zawadzki, Marek Wełna, Mieczysław Woźniak
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the most common causes of hospitalization and it is characterized by a high mortality rate in spite of the great progress in diagnosis and treatment achieved in recent years. Early diagnosis of sepsis is one of the most important elements of effective treatment. The clinical symptoms are not specific and biomarkers are considered to be useful tools in sepsis diagnostics. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of sCD163 as a marker of sepsis and a comparison of it with procalcitonin and neopterin in ICU patients...
January 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382599/diagnostic-accuracy-of-quantitative-neuromuscular-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#3
Esther Witteveen, Juultje Sommers, Luuk Wieske, Jonne Doorduin, Nens van Alfen, Marcus J Schultz, Ivo N van Schaik, Janneke Horn, Camiel Verhamme
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular ultrasound is a noninvasive investigation, which can be easily performed at the bedside on the ICU. A reduction in muscle thickness and increase in echo intensity over time have been described in ICU patients, but the relation to ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW) is unknown. We hypothesized that quantitative assessment of muscle and nerve parameters with ultrasound can differentiate between patients with and without ICU-AW. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of neuromuscular ultrasound for diagnosing ICU-AW...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364678/effect-of-neuromuscular-stimulation-and-individualized-rehabilitation-on-muscle-strength-in-intensive-care-unit-survivors-a-randomized-trial
#4
Irini Patsaki, Vasiliki Gerovasili, Georgios Sidiras, Eleftherios Karatzanos, Georgios Mitsiou, Emmanuel Papadopoulos, Anna Christakou, Christina Routsi, Anastasia Kotanidou, Serafim Nanas
PURPOSE: Intensive Care Unit (ICU) survivors experience muscle weakness leading to restrictions in functional ability. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been an alternative to exercise in critically ill patients. The aim of our study was to investigate its effects along with individualized rehabilitation on muscle strength of ICU survivors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Following ICU discharge, 128 patients (age: 53±16years) were randomly assigned to daily NMES sessions and individualized rehabilitation (NMES group) or to control group...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301864/functional-recovery-in-patients-with-and-without-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness
#5
Daniela Susanne Dettling-Ihnenfeldt, Luuk Wieske, Janneke Horn, Frans Nollet, Marike van der Schaaf
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to compare the patient-reported functional health status with regard to physical, psychological, and social functioning of intensive care unit (ICU) survivors with and without ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW). DESIGN: Single-center prospective study in ICU patients who were mechanically ventilated for more than 2 days and who survived to ICU discharge. Functional health status was assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months after ICU discharge, using the Sickness Impact Profile 68 (SIP68)...
April 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141548/splenic-abscess-with-bleeding-in-a-female-patient-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-cholecystectomy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Mirosław Juszczak, Jacek Szopiński, Monika Szambelan
Splenic abscess is a potential complication of many disease entities which involve infections. Diagnostics are based on imaging studies. Treatment involves splenectomy and antibiotic therapy. In the case the abscess is limited, and particularly in young patients, percutaneous abscess drainage may be performed. This paper presents a case of a 66-year old female patient following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) complicated with sternum infection and cholecystectomy due to gallbladder abscess complicated with surgical site infection, who underwent long-term treatment in the ICU due to respiratory failure and persistent septic condition...
December 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102521/clinical-assessment-and-train-of-four-measurements-in-critically-ill-patients-treated-with-recommended-doses-of-cisatracurium-or-atracurium-for-neuromuscular-blockade-a-prospective-descriptive-study
#7
Pierre Bouju, Jean-Marc Tadié, Nicolas Barbarot, Julien Letheulle, Fabrice Uhel, Pierre Fillatre, Guillaume Grillet, Angélique Goepp, Yves Le Tulzo, Arnaud Gacouin
BACKGROUND: Despite few studies, a monitoring of a neuromuscular blockade with a train of four (TOF) is recommended in intensive care unit (ICU). Our objective was to compare the results of ulnar and facial TOF measurements with an overall clinical assessment for neuromuscular blockade in ICU patients treated with recommended doses of atracurium or cisatracurium, including patients with acute respiratory disease syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: We prospectively included in two ICUs 119 patients, 94 with ARDS, who required a neuromuscular blockade for more than 24 h...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096833/utility-of-serum-concentration-of-protein-s100-at-admission-to-the-medical-intensive-care-unit-in-prediction-of-permanent-neurological-injury
#8
Piotr Knapik, Małgorzata Knapik, Robert Partyka, Iwona Broll, Daniel Cieśla, Maciej Wawrzyńczyk, Danuta Kokocińska, Przemysław Jałowiecki
INTRODUCTION: Admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) may be preceded by dramatic events leading to permanent neurological injury. Plasma S100 protein levels are proved to be clinically useful in predicting neurological outcome following cardiac arrest. It is unclear, however, whether this may be extrapolated to a broader population of ICU patients. AIM: To assess the utility of plasma S100 protein in predicting death, permanent neurological damage, or unfavourable outcome at admission to the intensive care unit...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883412/prolonged-hospitalization-of-patients-with-hospital-acquired-pneumoniae-in-the-intensive-care-unit-%C3%A2-morbidity-mortality-and-costs-of
#9
Anna Różańska, Marta Wałaszek, Zdzisław Wolak, Małgorzata Bulanda
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine epidemiological rates of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in the Polish ICU and direct costs associated with excess length of stay incurred by the hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The studied data concern patients hospitalized in the years 2010–2012 in a 9-bed ICU of a multi-profile hospital in the Małopolskie Province. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention diagnostic criteria were the basis for the development of definitions of infections...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510470/preoperative-echocardiography-examination-of-right-ventricle-function-in-patients-scheduled-for-lvad-implantation-correlates-with-postoperative-hemodynamic-examinations
#10
Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Tomasz Niklewski, Bożena Szyguła-Jurkiewicz, Jerzy Pacholewicz, Michał Zakliczyński, Jarosław Borkowski, Tomasz Hrapkowicz, Marian Zembala
BACKGROUND Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are used to treat heart failure. Preoperative prediction of RV function after LVAD implantation is crucial. Correlations were found between preoperative echo and RV function after LVAD implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed 23 male patients (8 ischemic, 15 nonischemic cardiomyopathy) with LVAD implantation (17 HeartWare, 6 HeartMate II) at the Silesian Center for Heart Diseases from 1 January 2013 to 28 October 2014. Preoperative TTE data of RV function included RVFAC (fractional area change), TAPSE (tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion), RV diameter (RV4), and RV/LV (right/left ventricle) ratio...
August 11, 2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418225/clinical-analysis-of-52-obstetric-hysterectomies
#11
Dobrosława L Sikora-Szczęśniak, Grzegorz Szczęśniak, Mieczysław Szatanek, Wacław Sikora
OBJECTIVES: Analysis of obstetric (peripartum and postpartum) hysterectomies with regard to their frequency, indications, complications, and risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 52 women operated between 1985-2012. Obstetric hysterectomies were performed in 39 (75%) and 13 (25%) women, respectively. The results were statistically analyzed as arithmetic mean and standard deviation (SD). RESULTS: Peri- and postpartum hysterectomies accounted for 0...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376823/sarcopenia-in-critically-ill-patients
#12
REVIEW
Muhammet C Kizilarslanoglu, Mehmet E Kuyumcu, Yusuf Yesil, Meltem Halil
Sarcopenia occurring as a primary consequence of aging and secondary due to certain medical problems including chronic disease, malnutrition and inactivity is a progressive generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass, strength and function. The prevalence of sarcopenia increases with aging (approximately 5-13 % in the sixth and seventh decades). However, data showing the prevalence and clinical outcomes of sarcopenia in intensive care units (ICUs) are limited. A similar condition to sarcopenia in the ICU, called ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW), has been reported more frequently...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344468/the-risk-factors-for-hospital-acquired-pneumonia-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#13
Marta Wałaszek, Alicja Kosiarska, Agnieszka Gniadek, Małgorzata Kołpa, Zdzisław Wolak, Wiesław Dobroś, Jolanta Siadek
INTRODUCTION: Patients in the intensive care units (ICU) are exposed to many factors that may cause hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), a particular type of which is ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The specific risk factors for developing VAP affect patients already on the day of their admission to a unit and are associated with their underlying diseases and invasive medical procedures, which they undergo. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for VAP associated with a patient and the used invasive treatment...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193340/muscle-regeneration-after-sepsis
#14
Adrien Bouglé, Pierre Rocheteau, Tarek Sharshar, Fabrice Chrétien
Severe critical illness is often complicated by intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICU-AW), which is associated with increased ICU and post-ICU mortality, delayed weaning from mechanical ventilation and long-term functional disability. Several mechanisms have been implicated in the pathophysiology of ICU-AW, but muscle regeneration has not been investigated to any extent in this context, even though its involvement is suggested by the protracted functional consequences of ICU-AW. Recent data suggest that muscle regeneration could be impaired after sepsis, and that mesenchymal stem cell treatment could improve the post-injury muscle recovery...
May 19, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030815/dysfunction-of-respiratory-muscles-in-critically-ill-patients-on-the-intensive-care-unit
#15
REVIEW
David Berger, Stefan Bloechlinger, Stephan von Haehling, Wolfram Doehner, Jukka Takala, Werner J Z'Graggen, Joerg C Schefold
Muscular weakness and muscle wasting may often be observed in critically ill patients on intensive care units (ICUs) and may present as failure to wean from mechanical ventilation. Importantly, mounting data demonstrate that mechanical ventilation itself may induce progressive dysfunction of the main respiratory muscle, i.e. the diaphragm. The respective condition was termed 'ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction' (VIDD) and should be distinguished from peripheral muscular weakness as observed in 'ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW)'...
September 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26728966/winning-the-war-against-icu-acquired-weakness-new-innovations-in-nutrition-and-exercise-physiology
#16
Paul E Wischmeyer, Inigo San-Millan
Over the last 10 years we have significantly reduced hospital mortality from sepsis and critical illness. However, the evidence reveals that over the same period we have tripled the number of patients being sent to rehabilitation settings. Further, given that as many as half of the deaths in the first year following ICU admission occur post ICU discharge, it is unclear how many of these patients ever returned home. For those who do survive, the latest data indicate that 50-70% of ICU "survivors" will suffer cognitive impairment and 60-80% of "survivors" will suffer functional impairment or ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW)...
2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401743/conflicts-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#17
REVIEW
Maria Wujtewicz, Magdalena Anna Wujtewicz, Radosław Owczuk
Conflicts in intensive care units (ICUs) are common and concern all professional groups, patients and their families. Both intra- and inter-team conflicts occur. The most common conflicts occur between nurses and physicians, followed by those within nursing teams and between ICU personnel and family members. The main causes of conflicts are considered to be unsatisfactory quality of the information provided, inappropriate ways of communication and improper approach towards treatment of patients. ICU conflicts can have serious consequences not only for families but also for patients, physicians, nurses and wider society...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401734/does-epidural-anaesthesia-reduce-the-incidence-of-postoperative-oxygen-desaturation-episodes-in-patients-undergoing-open-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#18
Joanna Dylczyk-Sommer, Radosław Owczuk, Maria Wujtewicz, Jacek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Postoperative desaturation can lead to severe hypoxaemia and even tissue hypoxia, followed by cardiological and neurological complications. Opioid usage is the one of the most important risk factors of postoperative desaturation and hypoxemia. Epidural anaesthesia is recommended for vascular surgery for many reasons; the reduction or elimination of opioid doses is one reason. The aims of the study were to evaluate the incidence of desaturation episodes in patients after surgical procedures with abdominal aortic clamping, to determine whether the episodes in question lead to clinical symptoms of hypoxia and to determine whether epidural anaesthesia decreases the incidence of desaturation episodes...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26336482/penetrating-thoracic-injuries-treatment-of-two-patients-after-suicide-attempts
#19
Krzysztof Greberski, Paweł Bugajski, Stanisław Rzymski, Radosław Jarząbek, Bogumił Olczak, Ryszard Kalawski
Thoracic injuries are usually caused by penetrating or blunt trauma. The primary method of treatment is surgery. This study describes two cases of male patients with stab wounds of the chest resulting from suicide attempts. The first case involved a 29-year-old patient transported and admitted to the hospital with a knife still in his chest; its blade extended from the jugular notch to the 5(th) thoracic vertebra but did not damage any important structures. The applied treatment, limited to evacuating the knife, resulted in a satisfactory outcome, and the patient was discharged from the intensive care unit (ICU) in good condition...
March 2015: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26212171/combining-nutrition-and-exercise-to-optimize-survival-and-recovery-from-critical-illness-conceptual-and-methodological-issues
#20
Daren K Heyland, Renee D Stapleton, Marina Mourtzakis, Catherine L Hough, Peter Morris, Nicolaas E Deutz, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Andrew Day, Carla M Prado, Dale M Needham
Survivors of critical illness commonly experience neuromuscular abnormalities, including muscle weakness known as ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW). ICU-AW is associated with delayed weaning from mechanical ventilation, extended ICU and hospital stays, more healthcare-related hospital costs, a higher risk of death, and impaired physical functioning and quality of life in the months after ICU admission. These observations speak to the importance of developing new strategies to aid in the physical recovery of acute respiratory failure patients...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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