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peptic ulcer perforation

Tae-Han Kim, Ji-Ho Park, Sang-Ho Jeong, Jin-Kwon Lee, Seung-Jin Kwag, Ju-Yeon Kim, Woohyung Lee, Jung-Woo Woo, Jae Yool Jang, Eun-Jin Song, Taejin Park, Chi-Young Jeong, Young-Tae Ju, Eun-Jung Jung, Soon-Chan Hong, Sang-Kyung Choi, Woo-Song Ha, Young-Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic primary repair is one of the main procedures used for perforated gastric ulcers, and this technique requires reproducible and secure suturing. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of a novel continuous suture method with barbed sutures during laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcers. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data from 116 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic repair for perforated peptic ulcers were collected between November 2009 and October 2015...
February 22, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Kazuki Yamamoto, Osamu Takahashi, Hiroko Arioka, Daiki Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prediction factors for perforated peptic ulcer (PPU). METHODS: At St. Luke's International Hospital in Tokyo, Japan, a case control study was performed between August 2004 and March 2016. All patients diagnosed with PPU were included. As control subjects, patients with age, sex and date of CT scan corresponding to those of the PPU subjects were included in the study at a proportion of 2 controls for every PPU subject...
February 15, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Varcus Flore, Paun Ion, Duta Ciprian, Dobrescu Amadeus, Frandes Mirela, Tarta Cristi
BACKGROUND: Perforations of the peptic ulcers are the most common cause of emergency surgery among the complications of the gastroduodenal ulcers and the leading cause for morbidity and mortality due to secondary peritonitis and sepsis. PPU is a condition in which laparoscopic perforation repair (LPR) is an optimal solution. It makes possible the identification of the perforation's site and allows closure of the perforation and the subsequent peritoneal lavage, as in an open repair (OR) but without the large upper mid-abdominal incision...
January 23, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
Rabea Hasadia, Yael Kopelman, Oded Olsha, Ricardo Alfici, Itamar Ashkenazi
PURPOSE: We evaluated the short-term and long-term outcomes of emergency operations for peptic ulcer (PUD) complications in a period of time in which the need for surgery is infrequent. METHODS: Retrospective review of operated patients (2007-2015) in one medical center. RESULTS: 81 patients were included (8.9 patients/year): 70 (86.4%) male; 11 (13.6%) female. Indications for operation were hemorrhage in 18 (22.2%), perforation in 62 (76...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Adnan Hut, Cihad Tatar, Doğan Yıldırım, Turgut Dönmez, Akın Ünal, Ahmet Kocakuşak, Muzaffer Akıncı
Objective: Peptic ulcer perforation is a life-threatening situation requiring urgent surgical treatment. A novel vision in peptic ulcer perforation is necessary to fill the gaps created by antiulcer medication, aging of the patients, and presentation of resistant cases in our era. In this study, we aimed to share our findings regarding the effects of various risk factors and operative techniques on the mortality and morbidity of patients with peptic ulcer perforation. Material and Methods: Data from 112 patients presenting at our Training and Research Hospital Emergency Surgery Department between January 2010 and December 2015 who were diagnosed with PUP through physical examination and laboratory and radiological tests and operated at the hospital have been retrospectively analyzed...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
Being-Chuan Lin, Chien-Hung Liao, Shang-Yu Wang, Tsann-Long Hwang
BACKGROUND: This report presents our experience with laparoscopic repair performed in 118 consecutive patients diagnosed with a perforated peptic ulcer (PPU). We compared the surgical outcome of simple closure with modified Cellan-Jones omentopexy and report the safety and benefit of simple closure. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2014, 118 patients with PPU underwent laparoscopic repair with simple closure (n = 27) or omentopexy (n = 91). Charts were retrospectively reviewed for demographic characteristics and outcome...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
S R Markar, H Mackenzie, T Wiggins, A Askari, A Karthikesalingam, O Faiz, S M Griffin, J D Birkmeyer, G B Hanna
BACKGROUND: In England in 2001 oesophagogastric cancer surgery was centralized. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether centralization of oesophagogastric cancer to high-volume centres has had an effect on mortality from different emergency upper gastrointestinal conditions. METHODS: The Hospital Episode Statistics database was used to identify patients admitted to hospitals in England (1997-2012). The influence of oesophagogastric high-volume cancer centre status (20 or more resections per year) on 30- and 90-day mortality from oesophageal perforation, paraoesophageal hernia and perforated peptic ulcer was analysed...
November 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
Sung Jae Shin, Choong-Kyun Noh, Sun Gyo Lim, Kee Myung Lee, Kwang Jae Lee
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are well known to be associated with serious upper gastrointestinal complications, such as peptic ulcer, bleeding, perforation, and obstruction. Recently, attention has been mainly focused on the small bowel injuries caused by NSAIDs, and new endoscopic techniques such as capsule endoscopy and double balloon endoscopy can help in detecting such injuries. This article reviewed the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of small bowel injuries caused by NSAIDs...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
Andriy R Stasyshyn
INTRODUCTION: GERD reduces social activity and significantly affects the quality of life (QOL) of patients and the risk of complications (cancer of the esophagus, esophageal-gastric bleeding, strictures, perforation) is one of the most pressing problems of medicine of XXI century. The aim of the research is to evaluate the results of videolaparoscopic fundoplication at five years after surgery in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied results of videolaparoscopic antireflux surgery (VLAS) during 2009-2016 years in Department of Surgery and Endoscopy Faculty of postgraduate medical education Lviv National Medical University...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Edvard Grišin, Saulius Mikalauskas, Tomas Poškus, Valdemaras Jotautas, Kęstutis Strupas
Peptic ulcer is a common disease affecting millions of people every year. Despite improved understanding and treatment of the disease, the number of patients admitted with duodenal peptic ulcer perforation has not decreased. Deaths from peptic ulcer disease overcome other common emergency situations. Laparoscopic repair of the perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) is the gold standard approach for simple perforation. However, in patients with large perforated chronic ulcers laparotomy with pyloroplasty is the standard treatment...
September 2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
Nina Pastukh, Avi Peretz, Diana Brodsky, Natlya Isakovich, Maya Azrad, Avi On
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is a pathogen that causes inflammation in the gastric mucosa, and may lead to a peptic ulcer, perforation, or malignancy. Children are at risk of contracting H. pylori and developing subsequent morbidity. In children, diagnosis and management are difficult and merit a different approach than with adults. OBJECTIVE: To describe resistance rates of H. pylori to antibiotics such as amoxicillin, tetracycline, clarithromycin, metronidazole, levofloxacin, and Rifampicin...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
K Okumura, K Hida, S Kunisawa, T Nishigori, H Hosogi, Y Sakai, Y Imanaka
BACKGROUND: Many perforated peptic ulcers (PPUs) require surgical repair due to diffuse peritonitis. However, few studies have examined the clinical effects of postoperative drainage after PPU repair. This study aimed to investigate the drain insertion rates in patients who underwent PPU repair in Japan, and to clarify the impact of drain insertion on the postoperative clinical course. METHODS: A retrospective nationwide cohort study was performed using administrative claims data of patients who had undergone PPU repair between 2010 and 2016...
March 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Salim Hosein, Jeffrey C Lawrence, George M Fuhrman, William S Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Chu-Wen Fang, Chun-Hung Tseng, Shih-Chi Wu, William Tzu-Liang Chen, Chih-Hsin Muo
OBJECTIVES: The primary management of peptic ulcers is medical treatment. Persistent exacerbation of a peptic ulcer may lead to complications (perforation and/or bleeding). There has been a trend toward the use of a less invasive surgical simple suture, simple local suture or non-operative (endoscopic/angiography) hemostasis rather than acid-reducing vagotomy (i.e., vagus nerve severance) for treating complicated peptic ulcers. Other studies have shown the relationship between high vagus nerve activity and survival in cancer patients via reduced levels of inflammation, indicating the essential role of the vagus nerve...
December 2017: World Journal of Surgery
Sheraz R Markar, Hugh Mackenzie, Alan Askari, Omar Faiz, George B Hanna
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of esophageal cancer surgeon volume upon mortality from upper gastrointestinal emergencies. BACKGROUND: Volume-outcome relationships led to the centralization of esophageal cancer surgery. METHODS: Hospital Episode Statistics data were used to identify patients admitted to hospitals within England (1997-2012). The influence of esophageal high-volume (HV) cancer surgeon status (≥5 resections per year) upon 30-day and 90-day mortality from esophageal perforation (EP), paraesophageal hernia causing obstruction or gangrene (PEH) and perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) was analyzed, independent of HV esophageal cancer center status and patient and disease-specific confounding factors...
November 2017: Annals of Surgery
Vijaya T Daniel, Jason T Wiseman, Julie Flahive, Heena P Santry
BACKGROUND: As the U.S. population ages and the number of emergent surgical repairs for perforated peptic ulcer disease (PUD) rise, contemporary national data evaluating operative outcomes for open surgical repair for perforated PUD among the elderly are lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2007-2014) was queried for patients ≥65 y who underwent open surgical repair for perforated PUD. The primary outcome was 30-d mortality...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Aida Mhiri, Ihsen Slim, Faouzi Ben Slimène
Meckel's diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical symptoms can result in pain, bleeding and perforation caused by peptic ulceration. Among all imaging modalities, Tc-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy is the most sensitive method for Meckel's diverticulum diagnosis, but only mentioned in a few publications. We report the case of a young child with rectal bleeding related hemorrhagic Meckel's diverticulum. Endoscopy and ultrasound were normal. The diagnosis was done by scintigraphy with technetium revealing an accumulation of radiotracer by mucous cells in ectopic gastric mucosa, which allows a detection of Meckel's diverticulum...
October 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Elena Bracchi, Paolo Magistrelli, Adriana Vella, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Despite availability of effective therapies, peptic ulcer disease (PUD) remains a major global disease, resulting from a combination of persistent Helicobacter pylori infection and widespread use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Albeit endoscopy definitely represents the mainstay diagnostic technique, patients presenting to emergency departments with unexplained abdominal pain generally undergo multidetector CT as an initial investigation. Although superficial ulcers generally remain inconspicuous, careful multiplanar CT interpretation may allow to detect deep ulcers, secondary mural and extraluminal signs of peptic gastroduodenitis, thereby allowing timely endoscopic verification and appropriate treatment...
October 2017: Insights Into Imaging
A E Dongo, O Uhunmwagho, E B Kesieme, S U Eluehike, E F Alufohai
BACKGROUND: Peptic ulcer perforation is a common cause of emergency admission and surgery. This is the first study that documents the presentation and outcome of management in Irrua, Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This is a prospective study of all patients operated on for perforated peptic ulcer between April 1, 2010, and March 31, 2015. A structured questionnaire containing patients' demographics, operation findings, and outcome was filled upon discharge or death...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
H Najah, G Godiris-Petit, S Noullet, F Menegaux, C Trésallet, F Varcus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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