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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236013/needlescopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-pushing-the-boundaries-of-the-standard-technique
#1
Marcelo Loureiro, Abdulah Sultan, Mohannad Alhaddad, Hatem Mostafa, David Nocca, Marius Nedelcu, Walled Buhaimed
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most common bariatric surgery performed worldwide. Improvements in LSG have been suggested to achieve better weight loss or to lessen the complications rates. We propose a change in the standard technique to privilege the use of thinner instruments, the needlescopic sleeve gastrectomy (NSG). METHODS: A 40-year-old female, BMI 40, with no previous abdominal surgery was selected for a NSG. She was placed in a semi-sitting position with the surgeon standing between the legs...
February 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218394/cross-sectional-observational-study-of-the-availability-of-evidence-supporting-novel-implantable-devices-used-in-gastrointestinal-surgery
#2
S J Chapman, B Shelton, M Maruthappu, P Singh, P McCulloch, A Bhangu
BACKGROUND: Evidence supporting the implementation of novel surgical devices is unstandardized, despite recommendations for assessing novel innovations. This study aimed to determine the proportion of novel implantable devices used in gastrointestinal surgery that are supported by evidence from RCTs. METHODS: A list of novel implantable devices placed intra-abdominally during gastrointestinal surgery was produced. Systematic searches were performed for all devices via PubMed and clinical trial registries...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211291/a-biomechanical-analysis-of-tibial-acl-reconstruction-with-graft-length-mismatch
#3
Evan B Gaines, Diana Lau, Qais Naziri, Westley Hayes, Julio J Jauregui, Bhaveen H Kapadia, William P Urban, Bashir A Zikria
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of graft length mismatch (GLM) during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is reported to be up to 13%, with a rate of 20% when using bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) allografts. Multiple techniques have been described to accommodate for the longer BPTB graft. As no study has compared the biomechanical properties of these methods (with cyclic loading), we evaluated the strength of four different surgical techniques used to accommodate for GLM during ACL reconstruction...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205037/the-mesenteric-defects-in-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-5-years-follow-up-of-non-closure-versus-closure-using-the-stapler-technique
#4
Ebrahim Aghajani, Bent J Nergaard, Bjorn G Leifson, Jan Hedenbro, Hjortur Gislason
BACKGROUND: Internal hernia (IH) is a common complication of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Little large-volume data exist on how to handle the mesenteric defects during LRYGB. This study evaluated long-term follow-up (5.5 years) of 2443 patients with primary closure of the mesenteric defects with a stapling device at LRYGB, in comparison with a non-closed group from the same centre. METHODS: All patients (N = 4013) undergoing LRYGB over a 10-year period (2005-2015) at a single institution were evaluated...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185993/intracarpal-shortening-osteotomy-for-kienb%C3%A3-ck-s-disease-a-retrospective-study-of-28-cases
#5
Jérémie Chevrollier, Germain Pomares, Sandrine Huguet, François Dap, Gilles Dautel
INTRODUCTION: Kienböck's disease is rare in patients with a neutral or positive ulnar variance. In these situations, treatment is challenging and controversial.Various intracarpal shortening osteotomy (ICSO) procedures have been proposed. OBJECTIVE: Study the effect of the type of ICSO (isolated capitate osteotomy or combined with hamate osteotomy) on the clinical and radiological outcomes in a retrospective series. METHODS: Patients with Kienböck's disease were treated with ICSO...
February 6, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177992/limited-endoscopic-assisted-wedge-resection-for-excision-of-colon-polyps
#6
Laura W Leicher, Wouter H de Vos Tot Nederveen Cappel, Henderik L van Westreenen
BACKGROUND: Combined endoscopic laparoscopic surgical removal is used for polyps in the colon that are not suitable for endoscopic removal because of size, location, or scarring. However, the placement of a linear stapler can be challenging. Currently a wedge resection is mostly documented in the cecum or ascending colon. OBJECTIVE: We report on our experience with limited endoscopy-assisted wedge resections in the entire colon. DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170219/on-demand-dissolution-of-chemically-cross-linked-hydrogels
#7
Marlena D Konieczynska, Mark W Grinstaff
The formation and subsequent on-demand dissolution of chemically cross-linked hydrogels is of keen interest to chemists, engineers, and clinicians. In this Account, we summarize our recent advances in the area of dissolvable chemically cross-linked hydrogels and provide a comparative discussion of other recent hydrogel systems. Using biocompatible macromonomers, we developed a library of cross-linked dendritic hydrogels that possess favorable properties, including biocompatibility, tissue adhesion, and swelling...
February 7, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144206/functional-disorders-rectoanal-intussusception
#8
REVIEW
Kristen Blaker, Joselin L Anandam
Rectoanal intussusception is an invagination of the rectal wall into the lumen of the rectum. Patients may present with constipation, incomplete evacuation, incontinence, or may be asymptomatic. Defecography has been the gold standard for detection. Magnetic resonance imaging defecography and dynamic anal endosonography are alternatives to conventional defecography. However, both methods are not as sensitive as conventional defecography. Treatment options range from conservative/medical treatment such as biofeedback to surgical procedures such as Delorme, rectopexy, and stapled transanal rectal resection...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138899/case-control-study-of-postoperative-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-hemorrhagic-complications-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-matched-controls
#9
Michał Robert Janik, Tomasz Rogula, Piotr Kowalewski, Maciej Walędziak, Maciej Matłok, Jakub Brągoszewski, Andrzej Kwiatkowski, Krzysztof Paśnik
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is associated with a moderate risk of hemorrhagic complications (HC). There is a debate regarding the relationship between HC and high blood pressure in postoperative period. AIM: The aim is to clarify whether the postoperative blood pressure is an independent risk factor for hemorrhagic complications after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. METHODS: Medical records of 522 patients were reviewed...
January 30, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129320/totally-endoscopic-robotic-left-atrial-appendage-closure-demonstrates-high-success-rate
#10
Alison F Ward, Robert M Applebaum, Nana Toyoda, Ans Fakiha, Peter J Neuburger, Jennie Ngai, Robert G Nampiaparampil, David W Yaffee, Didier F Loulmet, Eugene A Grossi
OBJECTIVE: In patients with atrial fibrillation, 90% of embolic strokes originate from the left atrial appendage (LAA). Successful exclusion of the LAA is associated with a lower stroke rate in patients with atrial fibrillation. Surgical oversewing of the LAA is often incomplete when evaluated with transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE). External closure techniques of suturing and stapling have also demonstrated high failure rates with persistent flow and large stumps. We hypothesized that the precise visualization of a robotic LAA closure (RLAAC) would result in superior closure rates...
January 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128912/robotic-assisted-radical-cystoprostatectomy-and-intracorporeal-ileal-conduit-urinary-diversion-for-a-kidney-transplant-recipient
#11
Peter A Caputo, Daniel Ramirez, Matthew Maurice, Ryan Nelson, Onder Kara, Ercan Malkoc, David Goldfarb, Jihad Kaouk
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Robotic assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) is an alternative to open radical cystectomy. As experience is gained with the RARC approach the technique is being applied to more complex surgical cases. We describe here our technique for RARC with intracorporeal ileal conduit urinary diversion for a renal transplant recipient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient is a 60-year old man with high-grade muscle invasive bladder cancer. He has a history of renal failure due to polycystic kidney disease and received a deceased donor renal transplant in 2008...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108931/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-surgicaltreatment-of-non-zenker-s-oesophageal-diverticula
#12
David S Y Chan, Antonio Foliaki, Wyn G Lewis, Geoffrey W B Clark, Guy R J C Blackshaw
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal diverticula are rare outpouchings of the oesophagus which may be classified anatomically as pharyngeal (Zenker's), mid-oesophageal and epiphrenic. While surgery is indicated for symptomatic patients, no consensus exists regarding the optimum technique for non-Zenker's oesophageal diverticula. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of surgery in patients with non-Zenker's oesophageal diverticula. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library (January 1990 to January 2016) were searched for studies which reported outcomes of surgery in patients with non-Zenker's oesophageal diverticula...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103879/a-comparison-of-cervical-delta-shaped-anastomosis-and-circular-stapled-anastomosis-after-esophagectomy
#13
Chen Huang, Xunhai Xu, Binbin Zhuang, Wenshu Chen, Xunyu Xu, Chao Wang, Shengmei Lin
BACKGROUND: The delta-shaped anastomosis has been reported to reduce anastomotic complications for a decade. However, little has been written comparing this technique with the circular stapler technique. The objective of this retrospective study was to assess the safety and efficacy of cervical delta-shaped anastomosis after esophagectomy. METHODS: Medical records of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent McKeown (three-incision) esophagectomy between September 2013 and June 2015 were reviewed...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099064/surgical-intervention-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-pediatric-population-when-and-why
#14
Fanny Yeung, Patrick H Y Chung, Esther L Y Hung, Chi Sum Yuen, Paul K H Tam, Kenneth K Y Wong
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous pneumothorax in pediatric patients is relatively uncommon. The management strategy varies in different centers due to dearth of evidence-based pediatric guidelines. In this study, we reviewed our experience of thoracoscopic management of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) in children and identified risk factors associated with postoperative air leakage and recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of pediatric patients who had PSP and underwent surgical management in our institution between April 2008 and March 2015...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089592/stapleless-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-preliminary-report
#15
Jose Luis Leyba, Salvador Navarrete Llopis, Salvador Navarrete Aulestia, Ricardo Ochoa, Eliana Azuaje
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as a single-stage procedure for the treatment of morbid obesity is becoming increasingly popular. In undeveloped countries, the linear staples required to create the sleeve are not always available because of their high cost. As an alternative to the staples, the bipolar vessel sealer device could be used in bariatric surgery to divide and temporarily seal the stomach. SETTINGS: Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela...
December 7, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089439/evaluating-the-effect-of-operative-technique-on-leaks-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-case-control-study
#16
Oliver A Varban, Kyle H Sheetz, Ruth B Cassidy, Amanda Stricklen, Arthur M Carlin, Justin B Dimick, Jonathan F Finks
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of operative technique on staple line leaks after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). BACKGROUND: Staple-line leaks after LSG are a major source of morbidity and mortality. Variations in operative technique exist; however, their effect on leaks is poorly understood. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Michigan Bariatric Surgery Collaborative (MBSC) to perform a case-control study comparing patients who had a clinically significant leak after undergoing a primary LSG to those who did not...
December 10, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072899/endoluminal-vacuum-therapy-as-treatment-for-anastomotic-colorectal-leakage
#17
Giovanni Milito, Giorgio Lisi, Dario Venditti, Michela Campanelli, Elena Aronadio, Simona Grande, Francesca Cabry, Michele Grande
BACKGROUND: The clinical leakage rate after anterior resection varies from 2.8-20%, with a 6-22% mortality rate and a 10-80% risk of permanent stoma. Endo-SPONGE® (B. Braun Melsungen AG, Melsungen, Germany) may treat extraperitoneal anastomotic leakage in the lesser pelvis. It consists of an open-pored sponge inserted into the cavity. A drainage tube fixed to a low vacuum drainage system is then connected to the sponge through the anus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2014, 14 patients with anastomotic leakage following low anterior resection were treated with Endo-SPONGE® and were prospectively evaluated...
January 10, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996083/dressings-for-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-infection
#18
REVIEW
Jo C Dumville, Trish A Gray, Catherine J Walter, Catherine A Sharp, Tamara Page, Rhiannon Macefield, Natalie Blencowe, Thomas Kg Milne, Barnaby C Reeves, Jane Blazeby
BACKGROUND: Surgical wounds (incisions) heal by primary intention when the wound edges are brought together and secured, often with sutures, staples, or clips. Wound dressings applied after wound closure may provide physical support, protection and absorb exudate. There are many different types of wound dressings available and wounds can also be left uncovered (exposed). Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication of wounds and this may be associated with using (or not using) dressings, or different types of dressing...
20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995516/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-sleeve-gastrectomy-as-revisional-procedures-after-adjustable-gastric-band-5-year-outcomes
#19
Luigi Angrisani, Antonio Vitiello, Antonella Santonicola, Ariola Hasani, Maurizio De Luca, Paola Iovino
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, a worldwide bariatric surgery survey showed that laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been abandoned in favor of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-y gastric bypass (LRYGBP). PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare results of LRYGBP and LSG performed as a revisional procedure after LAGB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients converted from LAGB to LSG or to LRYGBP from January 2007 to December 2011 were included in the study...
December 19, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991838/evaluation-of-a-powered-stapler-system-with-gripping-surface-technology-on-surgical-interventions-required-during-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#20
Elliott Fegelman, Susan Knippenberg, Michael Schwiers, Dimitrios Stefanidis, Keith S Gersin, John D Scott, Adolfo Z Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Transection of gastric tissue during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) can be challenging. Reinforcing the staple line may decrease the incidence of issues requiring intervention. METHODS: The objective of this study was to compare the number of intraoperative surgical interventions for a surgical stapler and reload system with Gripping Surface Technology (GST) to standard reloads in patients who underwent LSG. Patients who underwent elective LSG were enrolled...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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