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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343228/problematic-internet-use-and-psychiatric-co-morbidity-in-a-population-of-japanese-adult-psychiatric-patients
#1
Hille T de Vries, Takashi Nakamae, Kenji Fukui, Damiaan Denys, Jin Narumoto
BACKGROUND: Many studies reported the high prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) among adolescents (13-50%), and PIU was associated with various psychiatric symptoms. In contrast, only a few studies investigated the prevalence among the adult population (6%). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of PIU and psychiatric co-morbidity among adult psychiatric patients. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-three adult psychiatric patients were recruited over a 3-month period...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330217/a-systematic-review-of-network-meta-analyses-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-common-mental-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
QUESTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability...
January 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327359/contact-sensitization-in-dental-technicians-with-occupational-contact-dermatitis-data-of-the-information-network-of-departments-of-dermatology-ivdk-2001-2015
#3
Annice Heratizadeh, Thomas Werfel, Steffen Schubert, Johannes Geier
BACKGROUND: Dental technicians (DTs) are at increased risk for allergic contact sensitization. OBJECTIVES: To assess the current spectrum of occupational sensitization in DTs with occupational contact dermatitis (OCD). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of Information Network of Departments of Dermatology patch test data from the years 2001-2015 concerning DTs with OCD was performed. RESULTS: Patients of the study group (226 DTs with OCD) were significantly more often diagnosed with allergic contact dermatitis (37...
January 12, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306047/unified-protocol-for-the-discontinuation-of-long-term-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-study-protocol-and-methods
#4
Christina L Boisseau, Steven A Rasmussen
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is chronic psychiatric disorder associated with high rates of functional impairment and decreased quality of life. Although serotonin reuptake inhibitors have demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of OCD, little data is available to guide clinicians on how to manage these medications long-term. Cognitive-behavioral approaches provide a promising avenue for helping OCD patients discontinue maintenance SRIs while minimizing the potential for symptom worsening. This manuscript describes the rationale and methods for pilot feasibility study designed to a unified, cognitive-behavioral strategy for discontinuing long-term SRIs in OCD...
January 3, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304426/relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-suicide-probability-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Rukiye Ay, Lale Gonenir Erbay
The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between childhood trauma with the probability of suicide in obsessive compulsive disorders. Sixty-seven patients who were diagnosed with OCD were included in the study out of the patients who were admitted to Malatya Training and Research Hospital psychiatry outpatient clinic. The research data were collected using Yale Brawn Obsessive Compulsive Scale (YBOCS), Beck Depression (BDS) and Beck Anxiety Scales (BAS), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-28 (CTQ-28), and Suicide Probability Scale (SPS)...
December 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302772/development-and-preliminary-psychometric-properties-of-an-instrument-for-the-measurement-of-obsessional-dissociative-experiences-the-van-obsessional-dissociation-questionnaire-vod-q
#6
Murat Boysan, Abdullah Yıldırım, Lütfullah Beşiroğlu, Mehmet Celal Kefeli, Mücahit Kağan
A growing body of research evidence documents the substantial associations between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and dissociation. This article describes the development and preliminary psychometric properties of the Van Obsessional Dissociation Questionnaire (VOD-Q). Obsessional dissociation is defined as a tendency to dissociate in reaction to distressing, unwanted and intrusive thoughts, images and impulses. The screening tool is conceptualized to tap obsessional dissociation across three dimensions: obsessional absorption, obsessional depersonalization/ derealization and obsessional amnesia...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285414/deep-brain-stimulation-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-knowledge-and-concerns-among-psychiatrists-psychotherapists-and-patients
#7
Matilda Naesström, Patric Blomstedt, Marwan Hariz, Owe Bodlund
Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is under investigation for severe obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) resistant to other therapies. The number of implants worldwide is slowly increasing. Therefore, it is of importance to explore knowledge and concerns of this novel treatment among patients and their psychiatric healthcare contacts. This information is relevant for scientific professionals working with clinical studies for DBS for this indication. Especially, for future study designs and the creation of information targeting healthcare professionals and patients...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284808/functional-impairment-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#8
Puspita Sahoo, Rati Ranjan Sethy, Daya Ram
Background: This study was carried out to enumerate the level of difference in functional impairment and quality of life (QOL) in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients and normal control group to find out the relationship among ICD functional impairment and QOL. Methodology: Thirty patients diagnosed with OCD as per International Classification of Diseases Diagnostic Criteria for Research-10 were taken for study. The control group consists of 30 normal participants from the community...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244201/sleep-disturbances-in-treatment-seeking-ocd-patients-changes-after-concentrated-exposure-treatment
#9
Håkon Nordahl, Audun Havnen, Bjarne Hansen, Lars-Göran Öst, Gerd Kvale
Research indicates that patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) frequently suffer from comorbid sleep difficulties, and that these difficulties often are not clinically recognized and diagnosed. There has been limited research investigating if comorbid sleep difficulties impair treatment outcome for OCD and if the sleep difficulties change following OCD-treatment. Thirty-six patients with obsessive compulsive disorder underwent concentrated exposure treatment delivered in a group over four consecutive days and were assessed with measures of OCD, depressive symptoms and sleep disturbance at three different time points (pre, post and 6 months follow-up)...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239120/a-call-for-prevention-and-early-intervention-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Vlasios Brakoulias, Iain E Perkes, Emmanouil Tsalamanios
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that many people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have subclinical symptoms years before the development of their disorder and that early treatment may reduce its severity. AIM: To explore prevention and early intervention strategies for OCD. METHODS: A narrative literature review was conducted. RESULTS: The literature in relation to the prevention of OCD is sparse. Genetic and environmental factors appear to be relevant to the aetiology of OCD, for example, the observation that hoarding symptoms and contamination/cleaning symptoms are more likely to also be present in first-degree relatives...
December 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200551/efficacy-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-the-treatment-resistant-patients-who-suffer-from-severe-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#11
Kiomars Najafi, Youssef Fakour, Homa Zarrabi, Abtin Heidarzadeh, Mohammadrasoul Khalkhali, Taiebeh Yeganeh, Hasan Farahi, Marziyeh Rostamkhani, Tahereh Najafi, Soheil Shabafroz, Mahdiyeh Pakdaman
Background: During the past years, significant efforts have been made to explain the biological backgrounds of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Cortical-subcortical and neurotransmitter models are used for explaining the symptoms of OCD, so our hypothesis is that brain's transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) can regulate the brain activities of the OCD patients. Thus, based on the mentioned issues, this research seeks to investigate the efficacy of TDCS in treatment-resistant patients who suffer from severe OCD...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189538/what-s-new-in-pediatric-sports-conditions-of-the-knee
#12
Aristides I Cruz, Connor G Richmond, Marc A Tompkins, Ann Heyer, Kevin G Shea, Jennifer J Beck
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are common in pediatric and adolescent patients and the evaluation and treatment of these injuries continues to evolve. The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive appraisal of the literature, highlighting recent updates on sports-related knee injuries in the pediatric athlete. We specifically examined literature on tibial spine fractures, osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the knee, and patellar instability. Because of the volume of literature on the subject, pediatric, and adolescent anterior cruciate ligament injuries were not included in this review...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175504/neurological-soft-signs-dissociation-and-alexithymia-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-and-healthy-subjects
#13
Zafer Tapancı, Abdullah Yıldırım, Murat Boysan
A body of evidence has supported that patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have increased rates of various neurological soft signs (NSS) compared to controls. Various lines of research has documented robust relationships between OCD and dissociative symptomatology. The study aimed to examine the associations between obsessive-compulsive symptoms, dissociative experiences alexithymia, and NSS. The study included thirty OCD patients and thirty healthy controls, matched for age, marital status, education, and income...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161610/experimental-modification-of-dysfunctional-interpretations-in-individuals-with-contamination-concerns
#14
Sara L Conley, Kevin D Wu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dysfunctional interpretations of intrusive thoughts are implicated in the etiology and maintenance of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Cognitive Bias Modification training for interpretations (CBM-I) has successfully modified dysfunctional interpretations in the context of several disorders, including OCD. However, research regarding CBM-I's impact on symptom reduction and behavior is mixed, which limits its clinical application. Further, support for the specific efficacy of CBM-I in individuals with contamination concerns is limited...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159055/neural-correlates-of-working-memory-deficits-and-associations-to-response-inhibition-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Stephan Heinzel, Christian Kaufmann, Rosa Grützmann, Robert Hummel, Julia Klawohn, Anja Riesel, Katharina Bey, Leonhard Lennertz, Michael Wagner, Norbert Kathmann
Previous research in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has indicated performance decrements in working memory (WM) and response inhibition. However, underlying neural mechanisms of WM deficits are not well understood to date, and empirical evidence for a proposed conceptual link to inhibition deficits is missing. We investigated WM performance in a numeric n-back task with four WM load conditions during functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) in 51 patients with OCD and 49 healthy control participants who were matched for age, sex, and education...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125957/a-network-perspective-on-comorbid-depression-in-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#16
Payton J Jones, Patrick Mair, Bradley C Riemann, Beth L Mugno, Richard J McNally
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder [OCD] frequently suffer from depression, a comorbidity associated with greater symptom severity and suicide risk. We examined the associations between OCD and depression symptoms in 87 adolescents with primary OCD. We computed an association network, a graphical LASSO, and a directed acyclic graph (DAG) to model symptom interactions. Models showed OCD and depression as separate syndromes linked by bridge symptoms. Bridges between the two disorders emerged between obsessional problems in the OCD syndrome, and guilt, concentration problems, and sadness in the depression syndrome...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120840/responsibility-beliefs-and-persecutory-delusions
#17
Katherine Pugh, Olga Luzon, Lyn Ellett
Recent research implicates cognitive processes traditionally linked to anxiety disorders in the maintenance of paranoia. Responsibility beliefs have traditionally been associated with OCD, and recent research suggests they may be transdiagnostic. The present study reports the first data on responsibility beliefs in individuals with persecutory delusions. 30 people with persecutory delusions completed measures of psychotic symptoms and responsibility beliefs. Participants were also asked to identify who they held responsible for their persecution...
January 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119912/the-glutamate-and-the-immune-systems-new-targets-for-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-ocd
#18
Donatella Marazziti, Umberto Albert, Federico Mucci, Armando Piccinni
BACKGROUND: In the last decades the pharmacological treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been significantly promoted by the effectiveness of selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and the subsequent development of the 5-HT hypothesis of OCD. However, since a large majority of patients (between 40% and 60 %) do not respond to SSRIs or strategies based on the modulation of the 5-HT system, it is now essential to search for other possible therapeutic targets...
November 8, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119300/longitudinal-outcomes-of-children-with-pediatric-autoimmune-neuropsychiatric-disorder-associated-with-streptococcal-infections-pandas
#19
Jill Leon, Rebecca Hommer, Paul Grant, Cristan Farmer, Precilla D'Souza, Riley Kessler, Kyle Williams, James F Leckman, Susan Swedo
Little is known about the natural history of children with pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS). This study prospectively followed 33 children with PANDAS for up to 4.8 years (mean 3.3 ± 0.7 years) after enrollment in a 24-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) (N = 35). Fourteen of eighteen children randomized to placebo received open label IVIG 6 weeks after the blinded infusion, so follow-up results reported below largely reflect outcomes in a population of children who received at least one dose of IVIG...
November 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117869/frequency-of-use-of-the-international-classification-of-diseases-icd-10-diagnostic-categories-for-mental-and-behavioural-disorders-across-world-regions
#20
Y Faiad, B Khoury, S Daouk, M Maj, J Keeley, O Gureje, G Reed
AIMS: The study aimed to examine variations in the use of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10) diagnostic categories for mental and behavioural disorders across countries, regions and income levels using data from the online World Psychiatric Association (WPA)-World Health Organization (WHO) Global Survey that examined the attitudes of psychiatrists towards the classification of mental disorders. METHODS: A survey was sent to 46 psychiatric societies which are members of WPA...
November 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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