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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224207/-differentiated-application-of-recommended-guideline-techniques-for-treatment-of-inguinal-hernia
#1
H Niebuhr, M Pawlak, F Köckerling
The new worldwide guidelines of all international hernia societies only recommend the mesh-based methods TEP, TAPP and Lichtenstein. The best mesh-free technique, the Shouldice operation, should only be used if the patient has declined the use of a mesh or no mesh is available. The systematic use of the Shouldice technique for smaller inguinal hernias and younger men should be confined to study settings. A tailored approach should be taken for mesh-based procedures to minimize the risk to patients. Due to lower pain rates the laparoendoscopic techniques TEP and TAPP are the methods of choice for primary male unilateral inguinal hernia...
February 21, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221831/behavioral-hypervolumes-of-predator-groups-and-predator-predator-interactions-shape-prey-survival-rates-and-selection-on-prey-behavior
#2
Jonathan N Pruitt, Kimberly A Howell, Shaniqua J Gladney, Yusan Yang, James L L Lichtenstein, Michelle Elise Spicer, Sebastian A Echeverri, Noa Pinter-Wollman
Predator-prey interactions often vary on the basis of the traits of the individual predators and prey involved. Here we examine whether the multidimensional behavioral diversity of predator groups shapes prey mortality rates and selection on prey behavior. We ran individual sea stars (Pisaster ochraceus) through three behavioral assays to characterize individuals' behavioral phenotype along three axes. We then created groups that varied in the volume of behavioral space that they occupied. We further manipulated the ability of predators to interact with one another physically via the addition of barriers...
March 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219816/the-trepp-as-alternative-technique-for-recurrent-inguinal-hernia-after-lichtenstein-s-repair
#3
W J V Willem Bökkerink, A M Alexandra Persoon, W L Willem Akkersdijk, C J H M Kees van Laarhoven, G G Giel Koning
BACKGROUND: Recurrent inguinal hernias after initial repair with mesh are preferably treated via an alternative route (e.g. posterior after anterior). For recurrent inguinal hernias after an anterior repair such as Lichtenstein's, an endoscopic approach such as the total extraperitoneal or transabdominal preperitoneal technique (TEP or TAPP) is recommended if expertise is present. The TransREctus sheath PrePeritoneal (TREPP) technique is a promising open posterior technique and could be an alternative to endoscopic methods...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218406/randomized-clinical-trial-of-mesh-fixation-with-glue-or-sutures-for-lichtenstein-hernia-repair
#4
C Hoyuela, M Juvany, F Carvajal, A Veres, D Troyano, M Trias, A Martrat, J Ardid, J Obiols, M López-Cano
BACKGROUND: Pain is the most likely reason for delay in resuming normal activities after groin hernia repair. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether the use of glue to fix the mesh instead of sutures reduced acute postoperative pain after inguinal hernia repair. Secondary objectives were to compare postoperative complications, chronic pain and early recurrence rates during 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Some 370 patients who underwent Lichtenstein hernia repair were randomized to receive either glue (Histoacryl®) or non-absorbable polypropylene sutures for fixation of lightweight polypropylene mesh...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202475/effect-of-macronutrients-and-fiber-on-postprandial-glycemic-responses-and-meal-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-value-determinations
#5
Huicui Meng, Nirupa R Matthan, Lynne M Ausman, Alice H Lichtenstein
Background: The potential confounding effect of different amounts and proportions of macronutrients across eating patterns on meal or dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) value determinations has remained partially unaddressed.Objective: The study aimed to determine the effects of different amounts of macronutrients and fiber on measured meal GI and GL values.Design: Four studies were conducted during which participants [n = 20-22; women: 50%; age: 50-80 y; body mass index (in kg/m(2)): 25-30)] received food challenges containing different amounts of the variable nutrient in a random order...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198379/large-positive-in-plane-magnetoresistance-induced-by-localized-states-at-nanodomain-boundaries-in-graphene
#6
Han-Chun Wu, Alexander N Chaika, Ming-Chien Hsu, Tsung-Wei Huang, Mourad Abid, Mohamed Abid, Victor Yu Aristov, Olga V Molodtsova, Sergey V Babenkov, Yuran Niu, Barry E Murphy, Sergey A Krasnikov, Olaf Lübben, Huajun Liu, Byong Sun Chun, Yahya T Janabi, Sergei N Molotkov, Igor V Shvets, Alexander I Lichtenstein, Mikhail I Katsnelson, Ching-Ray Chang
Graphene supports long spin lifetimes and long diffusion lengths at room temperature, making it highly promising for spintronics. However, making graphene magnetic remains a principal challenge despite the many proposed solutions. Among these, graphene with zig-zag edges and ripples are the most promising candidates, as zig-zag edges are predicted to host spin-polarized electronic states, and spin-orbit coupling can be induced by ripples. Here we investigate the magnetoresistance of graphene grown on technologically relevant SiC/Si(001) wafers, where inherent nanodomain boundaries sandwich zig-zag structures between adjacent ripples of large curvature...
February 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194760/developmental-psychopathology-in-the-post-genomics-era-substantial-challenges-but-reasons-for-hope
#7
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey M Halperin
One only has to quickly look through the Table of Contents for this issue of JCPP to gain an appreciation of the ever-increasing influence of genetic research in the field of developmental psychopathology. Among the 13 articles in this issue that follow this editorial: two employ large family and/or twin studies to provide compelling behavioral genetic findings bolstering the importance of genes in the emergence of ADHD (Chen, Brikell, Lichtenstein, Serlachius, Kuja-Halkola, Sandin, and Larsson) and level of educational achievement in adolescents (Lewis, Asbury, and Plomin); one paper focuses on cortical development in patients with 22q11...
March 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194006/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-sestd1-as-a-novel-risk-gene-for-lithium-responsive-bipolar-disorder
#8
J Song, S E Bergen, A Di Florio, R Karlsson, A Charney, D M Ruderfer, E A Stahl, K D Chambert, J L Moran, K Gordon-Smith, L Forty, E K Green, I Jones, L Jones, E M Scolnick, P Sklar, J W Smoller, P Lichtenstein, C Hultman, N Craddock, M Landén
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193149/taqman-probes-as-blocking-agents-for-enriched-pcr-amplification-and-dna-melting-analysis-of-mutant-genes
#9
Irina V Botezatu, Irina O Panchuk, Anna M Stroganova, Anastasia I Senderovich, Valentina N Kondratova, Valery P Shelepov, Anatoly V Lichtenstein
Asymmetric PCR and DNA melting analysis with TaqMan probes applied for mutation detection is effectively used in clinical diagnostics. The method is simple, cost-effective, and carried out in a closed-tube format, minimizing time, labor, and risk of sample cross-contamination. Although DNA melting analysis is more sensitive than Sanger sequencing (mutation detection thresholds are ~5% and 15%-20%, respectively), it is less sensitive than more labor-intensive and expensive techniques such as pyrosequencing and droplet digital PCR...
February 1, 2017: BioTechniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187657/on-the-mammals-collected-by-friedrich-sellow-in-brazil-and-uruguay-1814-1831-with-special-reference-to-the-types-and-their-provenance
#10
Guilherme S T Garbino, Marcelo R Nogueira
From 1814 to 1831, the Prussian naturalist Friedrich Sellow collected 263 mammals in Brazil and Uruguay. Upon receiving the specimens, the curator of the Berlin Zoological Museum, Martin Lichtenstein, removed the original labels and replaced with ones containing more generalized locations. As a consequence, several type specimens have now dubious type localities. We examined these types as well as geographically restricted mammals collected by Sellow. In some cases, there are inconsistencies between the specimen label and the collection catalog regarding the collecting locality...
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185096/predictive-validity-of-parent-and-self-rated-adhd-symptoms-in-adolescence-on-adverse-socioeconomic-and-health-outcomes
#11
Ebba Du Rietz, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Isabell Brikell, Andreas Jangmo, Amir Sariaslan, Paul Lichtenstein, Jonna Kuntsi, Henrik Larsson
There is scarcity of research investigating the validity of self-report of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms compared to other informants, such as parents. This study aimed to compare the predictive associations of ADHD symptoms rated by parents and their children across adolescence on a range of adverse socioeconomic and health outcomes in early adulthood. Parent- and self-rated ADHD symptoms were assessed in 2960 individuals in early (13-14 years) and late adolescence (16-17 years)...
February 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178003/efficacy-and-safety-of-vedolizumab-for-induction-of-remission-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-the-israeli-real-world-experience
#12
Uri Kopylov, Yulia Ron, Irit Avni-Biron, Benjamin Koslowsky, Matti Waterman, Saleh Daher, Bella Ungar, Henit Yanai, Nitsan Maharshak, Ofer Ben-Bassat, Lev Lichtenstein, Ariella Bar-Gil Shitrit, Eran Israeli, Doron Schwartz, Eran Zittan, Rami Eliakim, Yehuda Chowers, Shomron Ben-Horin, Iris Dotan
BACKGROUND: Vedolizumab (VDZ) is an anti-integrin monoclonal antibody effective in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to examine the "real world" efficacy and safety of VDZ in a large national patient cohort. METHODS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease treated with VDZ were prospectively followed for 14 weeks. Patients who completed the induction protocol (week 0/2/6/14) or discontinued the treatment before week 14 for adverse events (AEs) or primary nonresponse were included...
February 7, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176158/health-insurance-challenges-in-the-post-affordable-care-act-aca-era-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-low-income-people-of-color-in-metropolitan-detroit
#13
Minal R Patel, Alison Jensen, Erminia Ramirez, Madiha Tariq, Ian Lang, Theresa Kowalski-Dobson, Joslyn Pettway, Michelle Famulare, Richard Lichtenstein
Low-income people of color are at risk of remaining uninsured due to a variety of factors. This study examined Affordable Care Act (ACA)-related and other health insurance enrollment experiences, observations, navigation needs, and experiences maintaining health insurance coverage among low-income communities of color in an economically disadvantaged community (Metropolitan Detroit). We conducted nine focus groups (n = 87) between May and June 2015. Participants were recruited through community-based organizations serving our key populations of interest...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176032/individual-placement-and-support-for-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-pilot-program
#14
Jennifer McLaren, Jonathan D Lichtenstein, Daniel Lynch, Deborah Becker, Robert Drake
Young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience significant rates of unemployment and underemployment, and the field needs an inexpensive, evidence-based vocational intervention. We examined an approach developed for people with serious mental illness, IPS supported employment, for young adults with ASD. We described a pilot IPS program for young adults with ASD and evaluated the first five participants over 1 year. The first five IPS participants succeeded in competitive employment, expanded independence, and achieved broad psychosocial gains...
February 7, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175146/p478-the-current-place-of-probiotics-in-treatment-of-pouchitis-systematic-review
#15
L Lichtenstein, I Avni, O Ben-Bassat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175093/p501-baseline-characteristics-of-crohn-s-disease-patients-in-the-vedolizumab-pass-study-a-cohort-study-assessing-the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-vedolizumab-compared-to-other-biologic-agents-02
#16
C A Siegel, G Lichtenstein, B Siegmund, J D Lewis, D Wolf, E Louis, S Sebastian, X Hebuterne, A Bell, C Söderman, S Schubert, R Atreya, S Polyak, S Hoque, A Krummenerl, B Bokemeyer, T Krummenerl, S Shulmann, P Karlén, B Moum, P Dolin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175011/p188-crohn-s-disease-of-the-terminal-ileum-pet-mre-results-correlate-well-with-biomarkers
#17
H Leibovitzh, I Avni-Biron, L Lichtenstein, D Groshar, H Bernstine, L Domachevsky, G M Fraser, O Ben-Bassat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173049/p708-helicobacter-pylori-and-ibd-are-inversely-related-suggesting-that-individuals-infected-with-the-bacteria-are-less-susceptible-to-the-disease
#18
L Lichtenstein, D Boltin, H Leibovici, T Tsadok Perets, I Avni, D Comaneshter, Y Leibovici-Weissman, A Cohen, Y Niv, Z Levi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172803/dop076-a-phase-2b-multicenter-randomized-placebo-controlled-dose-ranging-trial-of-peficitinab-an-oral-jak-inhibitor-in-patients-with-moderately-to-severely-active-ulcerative-colitis
#19
B Sands, W Sandborn, B G Feagan, G Lichtenstein, H Zhang, P Szapary, J Panes, S Vermeire, C O'Brien, J Dewey, Z Yang, J Johanns, R Strauss, C Marano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172696/p590-reasons-for-discontinuation-and-switch-of-biologic-therapy-in-ibd-findings-from-a-large-international-observational-study-03
#20
S Sebastian, J D Lewis, B Siegmund, D Wolf, C A Siegel, G Lichtenstein, E Louis, X Hebuterne, P M Ginsburg, A Ostrov, M Q Ricci, M Bernsen, I Shafran, S Nancey, G Moran, N Teich, S Lal, M Kiszka-Kanowitz, S Murugesan, B Moum, P Dolin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
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