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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098957/the-risk-factors-for-postpartum-depression-a-population-based-study
#1
Michael E Silverman, Abraham Reichenberg, David A Savitz, Sven Cnattingius, Paul Lichtenstein, Christina M Hultman, Henrik Larsson, Sven Sandin
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) can result in negative personal and child developmental outcomes. Only a few large population-based studies of PPD have used clinical diagnoses of depression and no study has examined how a maternal depression history interacts with known risk factors. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of a depression history on PPD and pre- and perinatal risk factors. METHODS: A nationwide prospective cohort study of all women with live singleton births in Sweden from 1997 through 2008 was conducted...
January 18, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094432/maltreatment-associated-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-co-twin-control-analysis
#2
Lisa Dinkler, Sebastian Lundström, Ruchika Gajwani, Paul Lichtenstein, Christopher Gillberg, Helen Minnis
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) is strongly associated with psychiatric disorders in childhood and adulthood. Previous findings suggest that the association between CM and psychiatric disorders is partly causal and partly due to familial confounding, but few studies have investigated the mechanisms behind the association between CM and neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). Our objective was to determine whether maltreated children have an elevated number of NDDs and whether CM is a risk factor for an increased NDD 'load' and increased NDD symptoms when controlling for familial effects...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091694/-evidence-based-tep-technique
#3
F Köckerling
The guidelines of all international hernia societies recommend as procedures of choice the laparoendoscopic techniques total extraperitoneal patch plasty (TEP) and transabdominal preperitoneal patch plasty (TAPP) as well as the open Lichtenstein operation for elective inguinal hernia repair. The learning curve associated with the laparoendoscopic techniques, in particular TEP, is longer than that for the open Lichtenstein technique due to the complexity of the procedures. Accordingly, for laparoendoscopic techniques it is particularly important that the operations are conducted in a standardized manner in compliance with the evidence-based recommendations given for the technical details...
January 13, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072414/evidence-for-genetic-heterogeneity-between-clinical-subtypes-of-bipolar-disorder
#4
A W Charney, D M Ruderfer, E A Stahl, J L Moran, K Chambert, R A Belliveau, L Forty, K Gordon-Smith, A Di Florio, P H Lee, E J Bromet, P F Buckley, M A Escamilla, A H Fanous, L J Fochtmann, D S Lehrer, D Malaspina, S R Marder, C P Morley, H Nicolini, D O Perkins, J J Rakofsky, M H Rapaport, H Medeiros, J L Sobell, E K Green, L Backlund, S E Bergen, A Juréus, M Schalling, P Lichtenstein, P Roussos, J A Knowles, I Jones, L A Jones, C M Hultman, R H Perlis, S M Purcell, S A McCarroll, C N Pato, M T Pato, N Craddock, M Landén, J W Smoller, P Sklar
We performed a genome-wide association study of 6447 bipolar disorder (BD) cases and 12 639 controls from the International Cohort Collection for Bipolar Disorder (ICCBD). Meta-analysis was performed with prior results from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium Bipolar Disorder Working Group for a combined sample of 13 902 cases and 19 279 controls. We identified eight genome-wide significant, associated regions, including a novel associated region on chromosome 10 (rs10884920; P=3.28 × 10(-8)) that includes the brain-enriched cytoskeleton protein adducin 3 (ADD3), a non-coding RNA, and a neuropeptide-specific aminopeptidase P (XPNPEP1)...
January 10, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071656/acg-clinical-guideline-preventive-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Francis A Farraye, Gil Y Melmed, Gary R Lichtenstein, Sunanda V Kane
Recent data suggest that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients do not receive preventive services at the same rate as general medical patients. Patients with IBD often consider their gastroenterologist to be the primary provider of care. To improve the care delivered to IBD patients, health maintenance issues need to be co-managed by both the gastroenterologist and primary care team. Gastroenterologists need to explicitly inform the primary care provider of the unique needs of the IBD patient, especially those on immunomodulators and biologics or being considered for such therapy...
January 10, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070778/the-failure-to-increase-social-support-it-just-might-be-time-to-stop-intervening-and-start-rigorously-observing
#6
Amanda L Graham, George D Papandonatos, Kang Zhao
In 1986, Lichtenstein et al. (Behav Ther. 17(5):607-19, 1986) presented the results of five studies focused on enhancing social support for smoking cessation in community-based clinic and worksite interventions. The manuscript was titled Social Support in Smoking Cessation: In Search of Effective Interventions and its main conclusion was that "attempts to both increase social support and to enhance treatment effectiveness have not been successful." Thirty years later, the paper by Cutrona et al. (Transl Behav Med...
January 9, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069880/repair-of-a-bowel-containing-scrotal-hernia-with-incarceration-contributed-by-femorofemoral-bypass-graft
#7
Gaurav Sharma, Jonathan A Schouten, Kamal M F Itani
The rising use of endovascular techniques utilizing femoral artery access may increase the frequency with which surgeons face the challenge of hernia repair in reoperative groins-which may or may not include a vascular graft. We present a case where a vascular graft contributed to an acute presentation and complicated dissection, and review the literature. A 67-year-old man who had undergone prior endovascular aneurysm repair via open bilateral femoral artery access and concomitant prosthetic femorofemoral bypass, presented with an incarcerated, scrotal inguinal hernia...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032550/three-year-results-of-a-randomized-study-comparing-self-gripping-mesh-with-sutured-mesh-in-open-inguinal-hernia-repair
#8
Ceith Nikkolo, Tiit Vaasna, Marko Murruste, Jaanus Suumann, Ülle Kirsimägi, Helmut Seepter, Andres Tein, Urmas Lepner
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate whether usage of self-gripping mesh in open inguinal hernia repair, compared with standard Lichtenstein repair with sutured mesh, could result in a decreased rate of chronic pain. The secondary aim was to evaluate the rate of foreign body feeling, hernia recurrence, and risk factors for chronic pain development. METHODS: The patients were randomized into two study groups: the OLP group received Optilene LP mesh and the PPG group received self-gripping Parietex ProGrip mesh...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031418/peripheral-inflammatory-biomarkers-for-myocardial-infarction-risk-a-prospective-community-based-study
#9
Zhijun Wu, Zhe Huang, Wei Jin, Eric B Rimm, Alice H Lichtenstein, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
BACKGROUND: Most previous studies regarding chronic inflammation and risk of myocardial infarction (MI) have lacked repeated measures of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and/or white blood cell (WBC) count over time. We examined whether cumulative average and longitudinal changes in these biomarkers were associated with subsequent MI risk. METHODS: In this prospective, community-based study, we included 82544 Chinese participants [66796 men and 15748 women; mean (SD) age 55...
December 28, 2016: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000353/physical-and-cognitive-fitness-in-young-adulthood-and-risk-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-at-an-early-age
#10
E Longinetti, D Mariosa, H Larsson, C Almqvist, P Lichtenstein, W Ye, F Fang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a clinical impression that patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have a higher level of physical fitness and lower body mass index (BMI) than average. However, there is a lack of literature examining the relationship between cognitive fitness and ALS risk. In this study we explored the associations of both physical and cognitive fitness with future risk of ALS. METHODS: Data on physical fitness, BMI, intelligence quotient (IQ) and stress resilience were collected from 1 838 376 Swedish men aged 17-20 years at conscription during 1968-2010...
January 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997235/familial-factors-victimization-and-psychological-health-among-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-sweden
#11
Kelly Donahue, Niklas Långström, Sebastian Lundström, Paul Lichtenstein, Mats Forsman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the influences of victimization experience and familial factors on the association between sexual minority status and psychological health outcomes among adolescents. METHODS: We used data from the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, a prospective, population-based study of all twins born in Sweden since 1992. Cross-sectional analyses included individuals who completed assessments at age 18 years (n = 4898) from 2000 to 2013. We also compared psychological health among sexual minority adolescents and their nonminority co-twins...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993735/it-takes-more-than-a-coating-to-get-nanoparticles-through-the-intestinal-barrier-in-vitro
#12
Dajana Lichtenstein, Johanna Ebmeyer, Thomas Meyer, Anne-Cathrin Behr, Claudia Kästner, Linda Böhmert, Sabine Juling, Birgit Niemann, Christoph Fahrenson, Sören Selve, Andreas F Thünemann, Jan Meijer, Irina Estrela-Lopis, Albert Braeuning, Alfonso Lampen
Size and shape are crucial parameters which have impact on the potential of nanoparticles to penetrate cell membranes and epithelial barriers. Current research in nanotoxicology additionally focuses on particle coating. To distinguish between core- and coating-related effects in nanoparticle uptake and translocation, two nanoparticles equal in size, coating and charge but different in core material were investigated. Silver and iron oxide nanoparticles coated with poly (acrylic acid) were chosen and extensively characterized by small-angle x-ray scattering, nanoparticle tracing analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
December 18, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988689/myocoptid-mites-acariformes-myocoptidae-of-the-fauna-of-the-former-ussr
#13
Andre V Bochkov
Mites of the family Myocoptidae (Acariformes: Sarcoptoidea) of the former USSR are revised based on the collection of the Zoological Institute RAS (St. Petersburg, Russia). Seventeen described species are recorded. Four species are described as new for science: Trichoecius dubininae sp. nov. from Lasiopodomys gregalis (Pallas) (Rodentia: Cricetidae) from Russia (Chelyabinsk Prov., type locality), Kazakhstan and Kirghizia, T. lemmus sp. nov. from Lemmus sibiricus (Kerr) (Rodentia: Cricetidae) from Russia (Taymyr peninsula), T...
November 17, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986651/effects-of-pcsk9-inhibition-with-alirocumab-on-lipoprotein-metabolism-in-healthy-humans
#14
Gissette Reyes-Soffer, Marianna Pavlyha, Colleen Ngai, Tiffany Thomas, Stephen Holleran, Rajasekhar Ramakrishnan, Wahida Karmally, Renu Nandakumar, Nelson Fontanez, Joseph C Obunike, Santica M Marcovina, Alice H Lichtenstein, Nirupa R Matthan, James Matta, Magali Maroccia, Frederic Becue, Franck Poitiers, Brian Swanson, Lisa Cowan, William J Sasiela, Howard K Surks, Henry N Ginsberg
BACKGROUND: -Alirocumab, a monoclonal antibody to proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), lowers plasma low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and apolipoprotein B100 (apoB). Although studies in mice and cells have identified increased hepatic LDL receptors as the basis for LDL lowering by PCSK9 inhibitors, there have been no human studies characterizing the effects of PCSK9 inhibitors on lipoprotein metabolism. In particular, it is not known if inhibition of PCSK9 has any effects on very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) or intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) metabolism...
December 16, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986443/3d-printed-simulation-device-for-orbital-surgery
#15
Juergen Thomas Lichtenstein, Alexander Nicolai Zeller, Juliana Lemound, Thorsten Enno Lichtenstein, Majeed Rana, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Maximilian Eberhard Wagner
OBJECTIVES: Orbital surgery is a challenging procedure because of its complex anatomy. Training could especially benefit from dedicated study models. The currently available devices lack sufficient anatomical representation and realistic soft tissue properties. Hence, we developed a 3D-printed simulation device for orbital surgery with tactual (haptic) correct simulation of all relevant anatomical structures. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Based on computed tomography scans collected from patients treated in a third referral center, the hard and soft tissue were segmented and virtually processed to generate a 3D-model of the orbit...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982333/systematic-training-model-for-teaching-development-and-training-of-instructors-in-inguinal-hernia-treatment-using-the-lichtenstein-technique-hernia-campaign-2014-2015
#16
Carlos José Lazzarini-Mendes, Adhemar Monteiro Pacheco, Bárbara Bozzoli Destro, Caroline Tamaro, Fábio Antonio Del Picchia DE Araújo Nogueira, David Chen, Wolfgang Reinpold, Vitor Bruscagin, Sergio Roll, Rodrigo Altenfelder Silva
Objective: to evaluate the method of training and continuing education of 18 surgeons in 2014, and 28 surgeons in 2015, in the Holy Homes of Ribeirao Preto, Araraquara, Franca and San Carlos of São Paulo, in the performance of Lichtenstein inguinal herniorrhaphy, tutored by the Faculty of Medical Sciences of the São Paulo Holy Home and the organization HERNIA HELP - "Hernia Repair for the Underserved". Methods: the training was tutored and systematized through an active methodology of teaching and learning, aiming to offer competence, skills and attitudes, measured by a previously validated Qualification Form, qualifying leaders in trainees' improvement...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981669/alcohol-use-disorder-and-divorce-evidence-for-a-genetic-correlation-in-a-population-based-swedish-sample
#17
Jessica E Salvatore, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jan Sundquist, Paul Lichtenstein, Kristina Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler
AIMS: We tested the association between alcohol use disorder (AUD) and divorce; estimated the genetic and environmental influences on divorce; estimated how much genetic and environmental influences accounted for covariance between AUD and divorce; and estimated latent genetic and environmental correlations between AUD and divorce. We tested sex differences in these effects. DESIGN: We identified twin and sibling pairs with AUD and divorce information in Swedish national registers...
December 16, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981662/assessing-the-structure-of-the-cast-cannabis-abuse-screening-test-in-13-european-countries-using-multigroup-analyses
#18
Stéphane Legleye, Aida Eslami, Stéphanie Bougeard
Our aims are to describe and explain the structure of the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) across countries. Standard statistical analyses fail to describe and explain several variables simultaneously while taking account of the group structure of individuals. The 2011 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD): 5204 last-year cannabis users aged 15-16 from 13 European countries. Multigroup principal component analysis (mgPCA) and multigroup partial least squares (mgPLS). MgPCA shows that the CAST has a two-dimensional structure (frequency of use/problems and non-recreational use/dependency symptoms)...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979048/introduction-of-clinical-practice-update-committee-articles
#19
REVIEW
Lawrence S Friedman, John M Inadomi, Anthony M Kalloo, David A Katzka, Lawrence S Kim, Johannes Koch, David Lieberman, Gary R Lichtenstein, Joseph K Lim, John E Pandolfino, Andrea S Shin, Madelin R Siedler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964777/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-adult-human-height-across-birth-cohorts-from-1886-to-1994
#20
Aline Jelenkovic, Yoon-Mi Hur, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Zengchang Pang, Sari Aaltonen, Kauko Heikkilä, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Esther Rebato, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Kaare Christensen, Axel Skytthe, Kirsten O Kyvik, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Hermine H Maes, Tessa L Cutler, John L Hopper, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Joohon Sung, Yun-Mi Song, Sarah Yang, Kayoung Lee, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, Andreas Busjahn, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Christian Kandler, Kerry L Jang, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Cristina D'Ippolito, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth Jf Loos, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Grant W Montgomery, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Gary E Swan, Ruth Krasnow, Patrik Ke Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl-Aslan, Tom A McAdams, Thalia C Eley, Alice M Gregory, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Gombojav Bayasgalan, Danshiitsoodol Narandalai, Paul Lichtenstein, Timothy D Spector, Massimo Mangino, Genevieve Lachance, Meike Bartels, Toos Cem van Beijsterveldt, Gonneke Willemsen, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas Sevenius Nilsen, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Robin P Corley, Jacob V B Hjelmborg, Jack H Goldberg, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Finn Rasmussen, Brooke M Huibregtse, Dorret I Boomsma, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jaakko Kaprio, Karri Silventoinen
Human height variation is determined by genetic and environmental factors, but it remains unclear whether their influences differ across birth-year cohorts. We conducted an individual-based pooled analysis of 40 twin cohorts including 143,390 complete twin pairs born 1886-1994. Although genetic variance showed a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts, heritability estimates (0.69-0.84 in men and 0.53-0.78 in women) did not present any clear pattern of secular changes. Comparing geographic-cultural regions (Europe, North America and Australia, and East Asia), total height variance was greatest in North America and Australia and lowest in East Asia, but no clear pattern in the heritability estimates across the birth-year cohorts emerged...
December 14, 2016: ELife
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