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U A Dietz, C-T Germer, A Wiegering
There are several techniques for repair of symptomatic inguinal and femoral hernias. There is an increased acceptance and tendency favoring minimally invasive procedures, such as plug or transinguinal preperitoneal mesh prosthesis (TIPP) and endoscopic procedures, such as totally extraperitoneal (TEP) and transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair. In the present review the classical techniques of Irving L. Lichtenstein (1986) and Jean Rives (1965), two indispensable procedures, are presented and the results from the literature are discussed...
October 21, 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Yaron Niv, Eyal Gal, Violeta Gabovitz, Marcela Hershkovitz, Lev Lichtenstein, Irit Avni
BACKGROUND AND THE STUDY AIM: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder defined as a transmural inflammation of the bowel wall, affecting the small and large intestine. The Capsule Endoscopy Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CECDAI or Niv score) was devised to measure mucosal disease activity. We extended the Niv score to the colon and have a comprehensive view of the whole intestine. METHODS: We evaluated 3 parameters of intestinal pathology: A, Inflammation; B, Extent of disease; C, Presence of strictures...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Mark D Griffiths, Robert Urbán, Zsolt Demetrovics, Mia B Lichtenstein, Ricardo de la Vega, Bernadette Kun, Roberto Ruiz-Barquín, Jason Youngman, Attila Szabo
Research into the detrimental effects of excessive exercise has been conceptualized in a number of similar ways, including 'exercise addiction', 'exercise dependence', 'obligatory exercising', 'exercise abuse', and 'compulsive exercise'. Among the most currently used (and psychometrically valid and reliable) instruments is the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI). The present study aimed to further explore the psychometric properties of the EAI by combining the datasets of a number of surveys carried out in five different countries (Denmark, Hungary, Spain, UK, and US) that have used the EAI with a total sample size of 6,031 participants...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Agnieszka Butwicka, Niklas Långström, Henrik Larsson, Sebastian Lundström, Eva Serlachius, Catarina Almqvist, Louise Frisén, Paul Lichtenstein
Despite limited and ambiguous empirical data, substance use-related problems have been assumed to be rare among patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Using Swedish population-based registers we identified 26,986 individuals diagnosed with ASD during 1973-2009, and their 96,557 non-ASD relatives. ASD, without diagnosed comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or intellectual disability, was related to a doubled risk of substance use-related problems. The risk of substance use-related problems was the highest among individuals with ASD and ADHD...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
K M Babchishin, M C Seto, A Sariaslan, P Lichtenstein, S Fazel, N Långström
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest parental and perinatal risk factors are associated with later offending. It remains uncertain, however, if such risk factors are similarly related to sexual offending. METHOD: We linked socio-demographic, family relations, and perinatal (obtained at birth) data from the nationwide Swedish registers from 1973 to 2009 with information on criminal convictions of cases and control subjects. Male sex offenders (n = 13 773) were matched 1:5 on birth year and county of birth in Sweden to male controls without sexual or non-sexual violent convictions...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Medicine
E Norén Selinus, Y Molero, P Lichtenstein, H Anckarsäter, S Lundström, M Bottai, C Hellner Gumpert
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between different levels of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and sex differences in psychosocial outcomes during adolescence. METHOD: Swedish children (n = 4635) were screened for neuropsychiatric symptoms at age 9 or 12. ADHD symptoms were divided into three levels: screen-negative, screen-intermediate, and screen-positive. At follow-up (age 15), parents and teenagers filled out questionnaires regarding (i) hyperactivity/inattention, (ii) peer problems, (iii) school problems, (iv) internalizing problems, (v) antisocial behaviour, (vi) alcohol misuse, and (vii) drug misuse...
October 7, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Gustaf Brander, Mina Rydell, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Paul Lichtenstein, Eva Serlachius, Christian Rück, Catarina Almqvist, Brian M D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, David Mataix-Cols
Importance: Perinatal complications may increase the risk of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Previous reports were based on small, retrospective, specialist clinic-based studies that were unable to rigorously control for unmeasured environmental and genetic confounding. Objective: To prospectively investigate a wide range of potential perinatal risk factors for OCD, controlling for unmeasured factors shared between siblings in the analyses. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based birth cohort study included all 2 421 284 children from singleton births in Sweden from January 1, 1973, to December 31, 1996, who were followed up through December 31, 2013...
October 5, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Alexander Viktorin, Eleonore Rydén, Michael E Thase, Zheng Chang, Cecilia Lundholm, Brian M D'Onofrio, Catarina Almqvist, Patrik K E Magnusson, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Mikael Landén
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine the risk of treatment-emergent mania associated with methylphenidate, used in monotherapy or with a concomitant mood-stabilizing medication, in patients with bipolar disorder. METHOD: Using linked Swedish national registries, the authors identified 2,307 adults with bipolar disorder who initiated therapy with methylphenidate between 2006 and 2014. The cohort was divided into two groups: those with and those without concomitant mood-stabilizing treatment...
October 3, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
T Velasquez, G Mackey, J Lusk, U G Kyle, T Fontenot, P Marshall, L S Shekerdemian, J A Coss-Bu, A Nishigaki, T Yatabe, T Tamura, K Yamashita, M Yokoyama, J C Ruiz-Rodriguez, B Encina, R Belmonte, I Troncoso, P Tormos, M Riveiro, J Baena, A Sanchez, J Bañeras, J Cordón, N Duran, A Ruiz, J Caballero, X Nuvials, J Riera, J Serra, A M F Rutten, S N M van Ieperen, E P H M Der Kinderen, T Van Logten, L Kovacikova, P Skrak, M Zahorec, U G Kyle, A Akcan-Arikan, J C Silva, G Mackey, J Lusk, M Goldsworthy, L S Shekerdemian, J A Coss-Bu, D Wood, D Harrison, R Parslow, P Davis, J Pappachan, S Goodwin, P Ramnarayan, S Chernyshuk, H Yemets, V Zhovnir, S M Pulitano', S De Rosa, A Mancino, G Villa, F Tosi, P Franchi, G Conti, B Patel, H Khine, A Shah, D Sung, L Singer, S Haghbin, S Inaloo, Z Serati, M Idei, T Nomura, N Yamamoto, Y Sakai, T Yoshida, Y Matsuda, Y Yamaguchi, S Takaki, O Yamaguchi, T Goto, N Longani, S Medar, I R Abdel-Aal, A S El Adawy, H M E H Mohammed, A N Mohamed, S M Parry, L D Knight, L Denehy, N De Morton, C E Baldwin, D Sani, G Kayambu, V Z M da Silva, P Phongpagdi, Z A Puthucheary, C L Granger, J E Rydingsward, C M Horkan, K B Christopher, D McWilliams, C Jones, E Reeves, G Atkins, C Snelson, L M Aitken, J Rattray, J Kenardy, A M Hull, A Ullman, R Le Brocque, M Mitchell, C Davis, B Macfarlane, J C Azevedo, L L Rocha, F F M De Freitas, A M Cavalheiro, N M Lucinio, M S Lobato, G Ebeling, A Kraegpoeth, E Laerkner, I De Brito-Ashurst, C White, S Gregory, L G Forni, E Flowers, A Curtis, C A Wood, K Siu, K Venkatesan, J B H Muhammad, L Ng, E Seet, N Baptista, A Escoval, E Tomas, R Agrawal, R Mathew, A Varma, E Dima, E Charitidou, E Perivolioti, M Pratikaki, C Vrettou, A Giannopoulos, S Zakynthinos, C Routsi, E Atchade, S Houzé, S Jean-Baptiste, G Thabut, C Genève, S Tanaka, B Lortat-Jacob, P Augustin, M Desmard, P Montravers, F J González de Molina, S Barbadillo, R Alejandro, F Álvarez-Lerma, J Vallés, R M Catalán, E Palencia, A Jareño, R M Granada, M L Ignacio, N Cui, D Liu, H Wang, L Su, H Qiu, R Li, K Jaffal, A Rouzé, J Poissy, B Sendid, S Nseir, E Paramythiotou, M Rizos, F Frantzeskaki, A Antoniadou, S Vourli, L Zerva, A Armaganidis, J Riera, J Gottlieb, M Greer, O Wiesner, M Martínez, M Acuña, J Rello, T Welte, E Atchade, T Mignot, S Houzé, S Jean-Baptiste, G Thabut, B Lortat-Jacob, S Tanaka, P Augustin, M Desmard, P Montravers, S Soussi, E Dudoignon, A Ferry, M Chaussard, M Benyamina, A Alanio, S Touratier, M Chaouat, M Lafaurie, M Mimoun, A Mebazaa, M Legrand, M A Sheils, C Patel, L Mohankumar, N Akhtar, S K Pacheco Noriega, N Navarrete Aldana, J L Ávila León, J Durand Baquero, F Fernández Bernal, E Ahmadnia, J S Hadley, M Millar, D Hall, H Hewitt, H Yasuda, M Sanui, T Komuro, S Kawano, K Andoh, H Yamamoto, E Noda, J Hatakeyama, N Saitou, H Okamoto, A Kobayashi, T Takei, S Matsukubo, H B Rotzel, A Serrano Lázaro, D Aguillón Prada, M Rodriguez Gimillo, O Diaz Barinas, M L Blasco Cortes, J Ferreres Franco, J M Segura Roca, A Carratalá, B Gonçalves, R Turon, A Mendes, F Miranda, P J Mata, D Cavalcanti, N Melo, P Lacerda, P Kurtz, C Righy, L E de la Cruz Rosario, S P Gómez Lesmes, J C García Romero, A N García Herrera, E D Díaz Pertuz, M J Gómez Sánchez, E Regidor Sanz, J Barado Hualde, A Ansotegui Hernández, J M Guergué Irazabal, V Spatenkova, O Bradac, P Suchomel, T Urli, E Heusch Lazzeri, R Aspide, M Zanello, L Perez-Borrero, J M Garcia-Alvarez, M D Arias-Verdu, E Aguilar-Alonso, R Rivera-Fernandez, J Mora-Ordoñez, C De La Fuente-Martos, E Castillo-Lorente, F Guerrero-Lopez, S P Gómez Lesmes, L E De la Cruz Rosario, E D Díaz Pertuz, A Ansotegui Hernández, J C García Romero, M J Gómez Sánchez, A N García Herrera, J Roldán Ramírez, E Regidor Sanz, J Barado Hualde, J P Tirapu León, L Navarro-Guillamón, S Cordovilla-Guardia, A Iglesias-Santiago, F Guerrero-López, E Fernández-Mondéjar, A Vidal, M Perez, A Juez, N Arias, L Colino, J L Perez, H Pérez, P Calpe, M A Alcala, D Robaglia, C Perez, S K Lan, M M Cunha, T Moreira, F Santos, E Lafuente, M J Fernandes, J G Silva, L E de la Cruz Rosario, S P Gómez Lesmes, A N García Herrera, J C García Romero, E D Díaz Pertuz, M J Gómez Sánchez, E Regidor Sanz, J G Armando Echeverría, A Ansotegui Hernández, J Barado Hualde, V Podlepich, E Sokolova, E Alexandrova, K Lapteva, P Kurtz, C Shuinotsuka, L Rabello, G Vianna, A Reis, C Cairus, J Salluh, F Bozza, J C Barrios Torres, N J Fernández Araujo, P García-Olivares, E Keough, M Dalorzo, L K Tang, I De Sousa, M Díaz, L J Marcos-Zambrano, J E Guerrero, S E Zamora Gomez, G D Hernandez Lopez, A I Vazquez Cuellar, O R Perez Nieto, J A Castanon Gonzalez, D Bhasin, S Rai, H Singh, O Gupta, M K Bhattal, S Sampley, K Sekhri, R Nandha, F A Aliaga, F Olivares, F Appiani, P Farias, F Alberto, A Hernández, S Pons, R Sonneville, L Bouadma, M Neuville, E Mariotte, A Radjou, J Lebut, S Chemam, G Voiriot, M P Dilly, B Mourvillier, R Dorent, P Nataf, M Wolff, J F Timsit, O Ediboglu, S Ataman, H Ozkarakas, C Kirakli, A Vakalos, V Avramidis, O Obukhova, I A Kurmukov, S Kashiya, E Golovnya, V N Baikova, T Ageeva, T Haritydi, E V Kulaga, J J Rios-Toro, L Perez-Borrero, E Aguilar-Alonso, M D Arias-Verdu, J M Garcia-Alvarez, C Lopez-Caler, C De La Fuente-Martos, S Rodriguez-Fernandez, M Gomez Sanchez-Orézzoli, F Martin-Gallardo, J Nikhilesh, V Joshi, E Villarreal, J Ruiz, M Gordon, A Quinza, J Gimenez, M Piñol, A Castellanos, P Ramirez, Y D Jeon, W Y Jeong, M H Kim, I Y Jeong, M Y Ahn, J Y Ahn, S H Han, J Y Choi, Y G Song, J M Kim, N S Ku, H Shah, F Kellner, F Rezai, N Mistry, P Yodice, V Ovnanian, K Fless, E Handler, R Martínez Alejos, J D Martí Romeu, D González Antón, A Quinart, A Torres Martí, M Llaurado-Serra, A Lobo-Civico, A Ventura-Rosado, A Piñol-Tena, M Pi-Guerrero, C Paños-Espinosa, M Peralvo-Bernat, J Marine-Vidal, R Gonzalez-Engroba, N Montesinos-Cerro, M Treso-Geira, A Valeiras-Valero, L Martinez-Reyes, A Sandiumenge, M F Jimenez-Herrera, S Helyar, P Riozzi, A Noon, G Hallows, H Cotton, J Keep, P A Hopkins, A Taggu, S Renuka, S Sampath, P J T Rood, T Frenzel, R Verhage, M Bonn, P Pickkers, J G van der Hoeven, M van den Boogaard, F Corradi, L Melnyk, F Moggia, R Pienovi, G Adriano, C Brusasco, L Mariotti, M Lattuada, M J Bloomer, M Coombs, K Ranse, R Endacott, B Maertens, K Blot, S Blot, M P van Nieuw Amerongen, E S van der Heiden, J W R Twisk, A R J Girbes, J J Spijkstra, P Riozzi, S Helyar, H Cotton, G Hallows, A Noon, C Bell, K Peters, A Feehan, J Keep, P A Hopkins, K Churchill, K Hawkins, R Brook, N Paver, R Endacott, N Maistry, A van Wijk, N Rouw, T van Galen, S Evelein-Brugman, A Taggu, B Krishna, S Sampath, A Putzu, M Fang, M Boscolo Berto, A Belletti, T Cassina, L Cabrini, M Mistry, Y Alhamdi, I Welters, S T Abrams, C H Toh, H S Han, E M Gil, D S Lee, C M Park, S Winder-Rhodes, R Lotay, J Doyle, M W Ke, W C Huang, C H Chiang, W T Hung, C C Cheng, K C Lin, S C Lin, K R Chiou, S R Wann, C W Shu, P L Kang, G Y Mar, C P Liu, S Dubó, A Aquevedo, M Jibaja, D Berrutti, C Labra, R Lagos, M F García, V Ramirez, M Tobar, F Picoita, C Peláez, D Carpio, L Alegría, C Hidalgo, K Godoy, J Bakker, G Hernández, Y Sadamoto, K Katabami, T Wada, Y Ono, K Maekawa, M Hayakawa, A Sawamura, S Gando, H Marin-Mateos, J L Perez-Vela, R Garcia-Gigorro, M A Corres Peiretti, M J Lopez-Gude, S Chacon-Alves, E Renes-Carreño, J C Montejo-González, K L Parlevliet, H R W Touw, M Beerepoot, C Boer, P W G Elbers, P R Tuinman, S A Abdelmonem, T A Helmy, I El Sayed, S Ghazal, S H Akhlagh, M Masjedi, K Hozhabri, E Kamali, I Zýková, B Paldusová, P Sedlák, D Morman, A M Youn, Y Ohta, M Sakuma, D Bates, T Morimoto, P L Su, W Y Chang, W C Lin, C W Chen, F Facchin, F Zarantonello, G Panciera, A De Cassai, A Venrdramin, A Ballin, T Tonetti, P Persona, C Ori, L Del Sorbo, S Rossi, G Vergani, M Cressoni, D Chiumello, C Chiurazzi, M Brioni, I Algieri, T Tonetti, M Guanziroli, A Colombo, I Tomic, A Colombo, F Crimella, E Carlesso, V Gasparovic, L Gattinoni, A Serpa Neto, M Schmidt, T Pham, A Combes, M Gama de Abreu, P Pelosi, M J Schultz, B H Katira, D Engelberts, R E Giesinger, C Ackerley, T Yoshida, D Zabini, G Otulakowski, M Post, W M Kuebler, P J McNamara, B P Kavanagh, R Pirracchio, M Resche Rigon, M Carone, S Chevret, D Annane, S Eladawy, M El-Hamamsy, N Bazan, M Elgendy, G De Pascale, M S Vallecoccia, S L Cutuli, V Di Gravio, M A Pennisi, G Conti, M Antonelli, D T Andreis, W Khaliq, M Singer, J Hartmann, S Harm, S Alcantara Carmona, P Matia Almudevar, A Naharro Abellán, J Veganzones Ramos, L Pérez Pérez, B Lobo Valbuena, N Martínez Sanz, I Fernández Simón, M Arrigo, E Feliot, N Deye, A Cariou, B Guidet, S Jaber, M Leone, M Resche-Rigon, A Vieillard Baron, M Legrand, E Gayat, A Mebazaa, M Balik, I Kolnikova, M Maly, P Waldauf, G Tavazzi, J Kristof, A Herpain, F Su, E Post, F Taccone, J L Vincent, J Creteur, C Lee, F Hatib, Z Jian, S Buddi, M Cannesson, S Fileković, M Turel, R Knafelj, V Gorjup, R Stanić, P Gradišek, O Cerović, T Mirković, M Noč, J Tirkkonen, H Hellevuo, K T Olkkola, S Hoppu, K C Lin, W T Hung, C C Chiang, W C Huang, W C Juan, S C Lin, C C Cheng, P H Lin, K Y Fong, D S Hou, P L Kang, S R Wann, Y S Chen, G Y Mar, C P Liu, M Paul, W Bougouin, G Geri, F Dumas, B Champigneulle, S Legriel, J Charpentier, J P Mira, C Sandroni, A Cariou, J Zimmerman, E Sullivan, M Noursadeghi, B Fox, D Sampson, L McHugh, T Yager, S Cermelli, T Seldon, S Bhide, R A Brandon, R B Brandon, J Zwaag, R Beunders, P Pickkers, M Kox, F Gul, M K Arslantas, D Genc, N Zibandah, L Topcu, T Akkoc, I Cinel, E Greco, M P Lauretta, D T Andreis, M Singer, I Palacios Garcia, M Cordero, A Diaz Martin, T Aldabó Pallás, J Garnacho Montero, J Revuelto Rey, L Roman Malo, A A Tanaka Montoya, A D C Amador Martinez, L Y Delgado Ayala, E Monares Zepeda, J Franco Granillo, J Aguirre Sanchez, G Camarena Alejo, A Rugerio Cabrera, A Pedraza Montenegro, T Pham, G Beduneau, F Schortgen, L Piquilloud, E Zogheib, M Jonas, F Grelon, I Runge, N Terzi, S Grangé, G Barberet, P G Guitard, J P Frat, A Constan, J M Chrétien, J Mancebo, A Mercat, J C M Richard, L Brochard, E Soilemezi, E Koco, S Savvidou, C Nouris, D Matamis, R Di Mussi, S Spadaro, C A Volta, M Mariani, A Colaprico, C Antonio, F Bruno, S Grasso, A Rodriguez, I Martín-Loeches, E Díaz, J R Masclans, F Gordo, J Solé-Violán, M Bodí, F X Avilés-Jurado, S Trefler, M Magret, L F Reyes, J Marín-Corral, J C Yebenes, A Esteban, A Anzueto, S Aliberti, M I Restrepo, J Skytte Larsson, B Redfors, S E Ricksten, R Haines, J Powell-Tuck, H Leonard, M Ostermann, R E Berthelsen, T S Itenov, A Perner, J U Jensen, M Ibsen, A E K Jensen, M H Bestle, T Bucknall, J Dixon, F Boa, I MacPhee, B J Philips, J Doyle, F Saadat, T Samuels, S Huddart, B McCormick, R DeBrunnar, J Preece, M Swart, C Peden, S Richardson, L Forni, P Kalfon, K Baumstarck, P Estagnasie, M A Geantot, A Berric, G Simon, B Floccard, T Signouret, M Boucekine, M Fromentin, M Nyunga, A Sossou, M Venot, R Robert, A Follin, A Renault, M Garrouste, O Collange, Q Levrat, I Villard, D Thévenin, J Pottecher, R G Patrigeon, N Revel, C Vigne, O Mimoz, P Auquier, S Pawar, T Jacques, K Deshpande, R Pusapati, B Wood, R A Pulham, J Wray, K Brown, C Pierce, S Nadel, P Ramnarayan, J R Azevedo, W S Montenegro, D P Rodrigues, S C Sousa, V F Araujo, A L Leitao, P H Prazeres, A V Mendonca, M P Paula, A Das Neves, C I Loudet, M Busico, D Vazquez, D Villalba, A Lischinsky, M Veronesi, M Emmerich, E Descotte, A Juliarena, M Carboni Bisso, M Grando, A Tapia, M Camargo, D Villani Ulla, L Corzo, H Placido Dos Santos, A Ramos, J A Doglia, E Estenssoro, M Carbonara, S Magnoni, C L Mac Donald, J S Shimony, V Conte, F Triulzi, F Stretti, M Macrì, A Z Snyder, N Stocchetti, D L Brody, V Podlepich, V Shimanskiy, I Savin, K Lapteva, A Chumaev, M C Tjepkema-Cloostermans, J Hofmeijer, A Beishuizen, H Hom, M J Blans, M J A M van Putten, L Longhi, B Frigeni, M Curinga, D Mingone, S Beretta, A Patruno, L Gandini, A Vargiolu, F Ferri, R Ceriani, M R Rottoli, L Lorini, G Citerio, S Pifferi, M Battistini, V Cordolcini, A Agarossi, R Di Rosso, F Ortolano, N Stocchetti, C Mora Lourido, J L Santana Cabrera, J D Martín Santana, L Melián Alzola, C García Del Rosario, H Rodríguez Pérez, R Lorenzo Torrent, S Eslami, A Dalhuisen, T Fiks, M J Schultz, A Abu Hanna, P E Spronk, M Wood, D Maslove, J Muscedere, S H Scott, T Saha, A Hamilton, D Petsikas, D Payne, J G Boyd, Z A Puthucheary, A S McNelly, J Rawal, B Connolly, M J McPhail, P Sidhu, A Rowlerson, J Moxham, S D Harridge, N Hart, H E Montgomery, T Jovaisa, B Thomas, D Gupta, D S Wijayatilake, H P Shum, H S King, K C Chan, K B Tang, W W Yan, C Castro Arias, J Latorre, A Suárez De La Rica, E Maseda Garrido, A Montero Feijoo, C Hernández Gancedo, A López Tofiño, F Gilsanz Rodríguez, L K Gemmell, R Campbell, P Doherty, A MacKay, N Singh, S Vitaller, H Nagib, J Prieto, A Del Arco, B Zayas, C Gomez, S Tirumala, S A Pasha, B K Kumari, P Martinez-Lopez, A Puerto-Morlán, P Nuevo-Ortega, L Martinez Pujol, R Algarte Dolset, B 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Jiménez Jiménez, M Miralbés Torner, M Vallverdú Vidal, B Balsera Garrido, X Nuvials Casals, F Barcenilla Gaite, J Trujillano Cabello, M Palomar Martínez, M Doganci, S Izdes, S Guzeldag Besevli, A Alkan, B Kayaaslan, C Sánchez Ramírez, L Caipe Balcázar, M Cabrera Santana, M A Hernández Viera, S Hípola Escalada, C F Lübbe Vázquez, S M Marrero Penichet, F Artiles Campelo, M A De La Cal López, P Saavedra Santana, S Ruíz Santana, X Repessé, M Artiguenave, S Paktoris-Papine, F Espinasse, A Dinh, F El Sayed, C Charron, G Géri, A Vieillard-Baron, K Marmanidou, M Oikonomou, C Nouris, K Dimitroulakis, E Soilemezi, D Matamis, A Ferré, M Guillot, J L Teboul, D Lichtenstein, G Mézière, C Richard, X Monnet, T Pham, G Beduneau, F Schortgen, L Piquilloud, E Zogheib, M Jonas, F Grelon, I Runge, N Terzi, S Grangé, G Barberet, P G Guitard, J P Frat, A Constan, J M Chrétien, J Mancebo, A Mercat, J C M Richard, L Brochard, S Prīdāne, O Sabeļņikovs, F Mojoli, A Orlando, I Bianchi, F Torriglia, S Bianzina, M 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Zhang, K Kubota, M Egi, S Mizobuchi, S Hegazy, A El-Keraie, E El Sayed, M Abd El Hamid, N J Rodrigues, M Pereira, I Godinho, J Gameiro, M Neves, J Gouveia, Z Costa E Silva, J A Lopes, J Mckinlay, M Kostalas, G Kooner, G Dudas, A Horton, C Kerr, N Karanjia, B Creagh-Brown, L Forni, A Yamazaki, M Sanz Ganuza, J A Martinez Molina, F Hidalgo Martinez, M T Chiquito Freile, N Garcia Fernandez, P Medrano Travieso, A Bandert, R Frithiof, M Lipcsey, D Smekal, P Schlaepfer, J D Durovray, V Plouhinec, C Chiappa, R Bellomo, A G Schneider, S Mitchell, J Durrant, H Street, E Dunthorne, J Shears, C Hernandez Caballero, R Hutchison, S Schwarze, S Ghabina, E Thompson, J R Prowle, C J Kirwan, C A Gonzalez, J L Pinto, V Orozco, J A Patiño, P K Garcia, K M Contreras, P Rodriguez, J E Echeverri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Isabell Brikell, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Jan-Olov Larsson, Benjamin B Lahey, Jonna Kuntsi, Paul Lichtenstein, Per-Anders Rydelius, Henrik Larsson
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been linked to immaturity relative to peers in childhood, yet it is unclear how such immaturity is associated with ADHD across development. This longitudinal twin study examined the genetic and environmental contributions to the association between parents' perception of their child's immaturity relative to peers (RI) in childhood and ADHD symptoms across development. METHOD: 1,302 twin pairs from the Swedish Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development were followed prospectively from childhood to early adulthood...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
K Beckman, E Mittendorfer-Rutz, P Lichtenstein, H Larsson, C Almqvist, B Runeson, M Dahlin
BACKGROUND: Self-harm among young adults is a common and increasing phenomenon in many parts of the world. The long-term prognosis after self-harm at young age is inadequately known. We aimed to estimate the risk of mental illness and suicide in adult life after self-harm in young adulthood and to identify prognostic factors for adverse outcome. METHOD: We conducted a national population-based matched case-cohort study. Patients aged 18-24 years (n = 13 731) hospitalized after self-harm between 1990 and 2003 and unexposed individuals of the same age (n = 137 310 ) were followed until December 2009...
September 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Martin Cederlöf, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Henrik Larsson, Arvid Sjölander, Per Östberg, Sebastian Lundström, Ian Kelleher, Paul Lichtenstein
INTRODUCTION: Psychotic experiences are associated with later substance use disorder and suicidal behavior, but individual psychotic experiences have not been examined in a longitudinal data set. Also, the potential dose-response relationship between these phenomena remains unknown. METHOD: Cohort study including 9242 adolescents who participated in The Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden (CATSS). At ages 15 and/or 18, seven psychotic experiences (auditory and visual hallucinations, and five delusions) were assessed via questionnaires...
September 5, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Angela M Thompson-Paul, Kenneth A Lichtenstein, Carl Armon, Frank J Palella, Jacek Skarbinski, Joan S Chmiel, Rachel Hart, Stanley C Wei, Fleetwood Loustalot, John T Brooks, Kate Buchacz
BACKGROUND:  Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction tools are often applied to populations beyond those in which they were designed when validated tools for specific subpopulations are unavailable. METHODS:  Using data from 2283 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults aged ≥18 years, who were active in the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS), we assessed performance of 3 commonly used CVD prediction models developed for general populations: Framingham general cardiovascular Risk Score (FRS), American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Pooled Cohort equations (PCEs), and Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) high-risk equation, and 1 model developed in HIV-infected persons: the Data Collection on Adverse Effects of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) study equation...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Nirupa R Matthan, Lynne M Ausman, Huicui Meng, Hocine Tighiouart, Alice H Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: The utility of glycemic index (GI) values for chronic disease risk management remains controversial. Although absolute GI value determinations for individual foods have been shown to vary significantly in individuals with diabetes, there is a dearth of data on the reliability of GI value determinations and potential sources of variability among healthy adults. OBJECTIVE: We examined the intra- and inter-individual variability in glycemic response to a single food challenge and methodologic and biological factors that potentially mediate this response...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
S Öberg, K Andresen, J Rosenberg
PURPOSE: Guidelines recommend that the reoperation of a recurrent inguinal hernia should be by the opposite approach (anterior-posterior) than the primary repair. However, the level of evidence supporting the guidelines is partially low. The purpose of this study was to compare re-reoperation rates between repairs performed according to the guidelines with the ones performed against it. METHODS: This cohort study was based on the Danish Hernia Database, including 4344 patients with two inguinal hernia repairs in the same groin...
September 7, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Sujata Mohanty, Himanshu Gupta, Jitender Dabas, Priyadarshan Kumar
Osteochondromas are benign bony tumors which are commonly believed to originate by the proliferation of epiphyseal cartilage into the surrounding tissues. However, this hypothesis cannot explain the occurrence of this tumor in the intramembranous bones and soft tissue. Since most of the craniofacial bones have intramembranous origin, the occurrence of this lesion in this territory is considered rare. Contrary to the above hypothesis, Lichtenstein proposed that this entity arises from the metaplastic changes in the periosteum which explains the occurrence of this tumor in endochondral as well as intramembranous bones and also in soft tissues...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Ashirwad Karigoudar, Arun Kumar Gupta, Sourabh Mukharjee, Nikhil Gupta, C K Durga
The aim of this study is to assess the advantages of fibrin glue over Prolene suture in fixation of the mesh in open inguinal hernia repair. Sixty-four cases of inguinal hernia underwent hernia repair by the Lichtenstein method in the department of surgery in PGIMER & Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi. The patients were randomized prospectively into group A (fibrin glue group) and group B (Prolene suture group). In group A, fibrin glue was used for mesh fixation, and in group B, Prolene suture was used for mesh fixation...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Toshio Sakiyama, Takumu Hasebe, Mark W Musch, Hiroyuki Miyoshi, Yasushi Nakagawa, Tong-Chuan He, Lev Lichtenstein, Yuji Naito, Yoshito Itoh, Toshikazu Yoshikawa, Bana Jabri, Thaddeus Stappenbeck, Eugene B Chang
Proliferation and spatial development of colonic epithelial cells are highly regulated along the crypt vertical axis, which, when perturbed, can result in aberrant growth and carcinogenesis. In this study, two key factors were identified that have important and counterbalancing roles regulating these processes: pericrypt myofibroblast-derived Wnt-5a and the microbial metabolite butyrate. Cultured YAMC cell proliferation and heat shock protein induction were analzyed after butryate, conditioned medium with Wnt5a activity, and FrzB containing conditioned medium...
2016: Scientific Reports
Annelise Genoux, Laeticia Lichtenstein, Jean Ferrières, Thibaut Duparc, Vanina Bongard, Paul-Louis Vervueren, Guillaume Combes, Dorota Taraszkiewicz, Meyer Elbaz, Michel Galinier, Bertrand Nassar, Jean-Bernard Ruidavets, Bertrand Perret, Laurent O Martinez
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and observational studies have established that high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is an independent negative cardiovascular risk factor. However, simple measurement of HDL-C levels is no longer sufficient for cardiovascular risk assessment. Therefore, there is a critical need for novel non-invasive biomarkers that would display prognostic superiority over HDL-C. Cell surface ecto-F1-ATPase contributes to several athero-protective properties of HDL, including reverse cholesterol transport and vascular endothelial protection...
August 23, 2016: BMC Medicine
Mehmet Giray Sönmez, Bilgehan Çağdaş Sonbahar, Gül Bora, Necdet Özalp, Cengiz Kara
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate sexual functions which are affected by inguinal hernias and may change after hernia repair surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 47 patients who underwent Lichtenstein tension-free anterior repair and inguinal hernia surgery were evaluated in terms of erectile function, intercourse function, sexual desire, overall satisfaction and orgasm satisfaction using the International Index of Erectile function questionnaire (IIEF) scoring system before surgery and in the first and sixth months after surgery...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
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