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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776972/improving-serum-calcium-test-ordering-according-to-a-decision-algorithm
#1
Daniel K Faria, Leandro U Taniguchi, Luiz A M Fonseca, Mario Ferreira-Junior, Francisco J B Aguiar, Arnaldo Lichtenstein, Nairo M Sumita, Alberto J S Duarte, Maria M Sales
AIM: To detect differences in the pattern of serum calcium tests ordering before and after the implementation of a decision algorithm. METHODS: We studied patients admitted to an internal medicine ward of a university hospital on April 2013 and April 2016. Patients were classified as critical or non-critical on the day when each test was performed. Adequacy of ordering was defined according to adherence to a decision algorithm implemented in 2014. RESULTS: Total and ionised calcium tests per patient-day of hospitalisation significantly decreased after the algorithm implementation; and duplication of tests (total and ionised calcium measured in the same blood sample) was reduced by 49%...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773586/seafood-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#2
REVIEW
Eric B Rimm, Lawrence J Appel, Stephanie E Chiuve, Luc Djoussé, Mary B Engler, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Dariush Mozaffarian, David S Siscovick, Alice H Lichtenstein
Since the 2002 American Heart Association scientific statement "Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease," evidence from observational and experimental studies and from randomized controlled trials continues to emerge to further substantiate the beneficial effects of seafood long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. A recent American Heart Association science advisory addressed the specific effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on clinical cardiovascular events...
May 17, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765226/whole-body-computed-tomography-in-trauma-patients-optimization-of-the-patient-scanning-position-significantly-shortens-examination-time-while-maintaining-diagnostic-image-quality
#3
Tilman Hickethier, Kamal Mammadov, Bettina Baeßler, Thorsten Lichtenstein, Jochen Hinkelbein, Lucy Smith, Patrick Sven Plum, Seung-Hun Chon, David Maintz, De-Hua Chang
Background: The study was conducted to compare examination time and artifact vulnerability of whole-body computed tomographies (wbCTs) for trauma patients using conventional or optimized patient positioning. Patients and methods: Examination time was measured in 100 patients scanned with conventional protocol (Group A: arms positioned alongside the body for head and neck imaging and over the head for trunk imaging) and 100 patients scanned with optimized protocol (Group B: arms flexed on a chest pillow without repositioning)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754021/a-genetically-informative-analysis-of-the-association-between-dyadic-adjustment-depressive-symptoms-and-anxiety-symptoms
#4
Mark A Whisman, Alta du Pont, Soo Hyun Rhee, Erica L Spotts, Paul Lichtenstein, Jody M Ganiban, David Reiss, Jenae M Neiderhiser
BACKGROUND: Prior research has found a reliable and robust association between poor dyadic (e.g., marital) adjustment and depression and anxiety. However, it is possible that this association may be due, at least in part, to confounding variables (i.e., variables that are causally associated both with marital adjustment and psychopathology and could account for their covariation). The present study was conducted using a genetically informative sample of twins to examine the association between dyadic adjustment and symptoms of depression and anxiety, accounting for unmeasured genetic and shared environmental confounds...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743978/clarified-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-euterpe-oleracea-juice-as-an-anticonvulsant-agent-in-vitro-mechanistic-study-of-gabaergic-targets
#5
Gabriela P F Arrifano, Mathieu P Lichtenstein, José Rogério Souza-Monteiro, Marcelo Farina, Hervé Rogez, José Carlos Tavares Carvalho, Cristina Suñol, Maria Elena Crespo-López
Seizures affect about 50 million people around the world. Approximately 30% of seizures are refractory to the current pharmacological arsenal, so, the pursuit of new therapeutic alternatives is essential. Clarified Euterpe oleracea (EO) juice showed anticonvulsant properties similar to diazepam in an in vivo model with pentylenetetrazol, a GABAA receptor blocker. This study investigated the effects of EO on the main GABAergic targets for anticonvulsant drugs, analyzing the effect on the GABA receptor's benzodiazepine and picrotoxinin binding sites and the GABA uptake...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739913/longitudinal-change-of-perceived-salt-intake-and-stroke-risk-in-a-chinese-population
#6
Yun Li, Zhe Huang, Cheng Jin, Aijun Xing, Yesong Liu, Chunmei Huangfu, Alice H Lichtenstein, Katherine L Tucker, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data for a relationship between salt intake and stroke have been inconsistent. This inconstancy could be because of the majority of studies evaluated salt intake at a single time point, which may be insufficient to accurately characterize salt intake throughout the observation period. METHODS: Included were 77 605 participants from the Kailuan study. We assessed perceived salt intake via questionnaire in 2006, 2008, and 2010. Salt intake trajectories from 2006 to 2010 were identified using latent mixture models...
May 8, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730995/16-year-survival-of-the-canadian-collaborative-cohort-of-related-dementias
#7
Maya L Lichtenstein, Nader Fallah, Benita Mudge, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung, Dean Foti, B Lynn Beattie, Howard H Feldman
Background Survival estimates are integral to care for patients diagnosed with dementia. Few Canadian studies have carried out long-term follow-up of well-described cohorts, analyzing survival related to multiple risk factors. Methods Survival analysis of an inception cohort enrolled at a British Columbia (BC) tertiary dementia referral clinic between 1997 and 1999 was undertaken. Vital status was completed for 168 patients diagnosed with dementia. An evaluation of the effects of demographics, vascular risk factors, cognitive and functional ratings, apolipoprotein 4-status, and cholinesterase use on survival was performed using a log-rank test and time-dependent Cox regression...
May 7, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728890/the-associations-between-callous-unemotional-traits-and-symptoms-of-conduct-problems-hyperactivity-and-emotional-problems-a-study-of-adolescent-twins-screened-for-neurodevelopmental-problems
#8
Marie Claire Saunders, Henrik Anckarsäter, Sebastian Lundström, Clara Hellner, Paul Lichtenstein, Nathalie M G Fontaine
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of empathy, lack of guilt, shallow affect) are associated with severe and persistent conduct problems in youth. There is evidence showing a substantial genetic correlation between CU traits and conduct problems. The etiological associations between CU traits and other psychopathological symptoms, including symptoms of hyperactivity and emotional problems (such as anxiety and depression symptoms), have been less explored. To examine the etiological associations between CU traits and symptoms of conduct problems, hyperactivity and emotional problems separately through the use of a twin design...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726951/walnut-consumption-alters-the-gastrointestinal-microbiota-microbially-derived-secondary-bile-acids-and-health-markers-in-healthy-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Hannah D Holscher, Heather M Guetterman, Kelly S Swanson, Ruopeng An, Nirupa R Matthan, Alice H Lichtenstein, Janet A Novotny, David J Baer
Background: Epidemiologic data suggest that diets rich in nuts have beneficial health effects, including reducing total and cause-specific mortality from cancer and heart disease. Although there is accumulating preclinical evidence that walnuts beneficially affect the gastrointestinal microbiota and gut and metabolic health, these relations have not been investigated in humans. Objective: We aimed to assess the impact of walnut consumption on the human gastrointestinal microbiota and metabolic markers of health...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723096/reply-to-a-piccardo-et-al-e-hindi%C3%A3-et-al-m-kreissl-et-al-m-doss-j-buscombe-r-fisher-m-sollini-et-al-m-lichtenstein-and-m-tulchinsky-et-al
#10
Remco J Molenaar, Surbhi Sidana, Tomas Radivoyevitch, Aaron T Gerds, Hetty E Carraway, Matt Kalaycio, Aziz Nazha, David J Adelstein, Christian Nasr, Jaroslaw P Maciejewski, Navneed S Majhail, Mikkael A Sekeres, Sudipto Mukherjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723090/risk-of-hematologic-malignancies-after-radioiodine-treatment-of-well-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#11
Meir Lichtenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722843/diet-quality-among-us-born-and-foreign-born-non-hispanic-blacks-nhanes-2003-2012-data
#12
Alison G M Brown, Robert F Houser, Josiemer Mattei, Colin D Rehm, Dariush Mozaffarian, Alice H Lichtenstein, Sara C Folta
Background: Non-Hispanic blacks in the United States are less likely to not meet national dietary recommendations than non-Hispanic whites; however, most studies do not consider nativity of US blacks. Objective: With the use of the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) and the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) scores, this cross-sectional study compared diet quality between US-born (n = 3,911) and foreign-born (n = 408) non-Hispanic black adults aged 22-79 y, based on pooled nationally representative data (NHANES 2003-2012) as well as by length of US residency...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722840/reply-to-brighenti-f-et-al
#13
Huicui Meng, Nirupa R Matthan, Alice H Lichtenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712711/medical-nutrition-education-training-and-competencies-to-advance-guideline-based-diet-counseling-by-physicians-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#14
REVIEW
Karen E Aspry, Linda Van Horn, Jo Ann S Carson, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Robert F Kushner, Alice H Lichtenstein, Stephen Devries, Andrew M Freeman, Allison Crawford, Penny Kris-Etherton
Growing scientific evidence of the benefits of heart-healthy dietary patterns and of the massive public health and economic burdens attributed to obesity and poor diet quality have triggered national calls to increase diet counseling in outpatients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease or risk factors. However, despite evidence that physicians are willing to undertake this task and are viewed as credible sources of diet information, they engage patients in diet counseling at less than desirable rates and cite insufficient knowledge and training as barriers...
April 30, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712475/developmental-delay-treatment-resistant-psychosis-and-early-onset-dementia-in-a-man-with-22q11-deletion-syndrome-and-huntington-s-disease
#15
Martilias Farrell, Maya Lichtenstein, James J Crowley, Dawn M Filmyer, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz, Rita A Shaughnessy, Ian R Mackenzie, Veronica Hirsch-Reinshagen, Robert Stowe, James P Evans, Jonathan S Berg, Jin Szatkiewicz, Richard C Josiassen, Patrick F Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706791/the-lichens-of-the-alps-an-annotated-checklist
#16
Pier Luigi Nimis, Josef Hafellner, Claude Roux, Philippe Clerc, Helmut Mayrhofer, Stefano Martellos, Peter O Bilovitz
This is the first attempt to provide an overview of the lichen diversity of the Alps, one of the biogegraphically most important and emblematic mountain systems worldwide. The checklist includes all lichenised species, plus a set of non- or doubtfully lichenised taxa frequently treated by lichenologists, excluding non-lichenised lichenicolous fungi. Largely based on recent national or regional checklists, it provides a list of all infrageneric taxa (with synonyms) hitherto reported from the Alps, with data on their distribution in eight countries (Austria, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland) and in 42 Operational Geographic Units, mostly corresponding to administrative subdivisions within the countries...
2018: MycoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698933/detection-of-immune-related-adverse-events-by-medical-imaging-in-patients-treated-with-anti-programmed-cell-death-1
#17
Ahmed Mekki, Laurent Dercle, Philip Lichtenstein, Aurélien Marabelle, Jean-Marie Michot, Olivier Lambotte, Jérôme Le Pavec, Eleonora De Martin, Corinne Balleyguier, Stéphane Champiat, Samy Ammari
BACKGROUND: Programmed death receptor-1 blocking antibodies (anti-PD1) are a new standard of care in many cancer types. Patients benefit from improved survival but have the risk of immune-related adverse events (irAE). We evaluated if medical imaging procedures, used for anti-tumour response assessment, can detect irAEs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients treated with anti-PD1 and with a medical imaging acquisition performed within 2 weeks with irAEs ≥2 were retrospectively included...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697041/artistic-creativity-and-risk-for-schizophrenia-bipolar-disorder-and-unipolar-depression-a-swedish-population-based-case-control-study-and-sib-pair-analysis
#18
J H MacCabe, A Sariaslan, C Almqvist, P Lichtenstein, H Larsson, S Kyaga
BACKGROUND: Many studies have addressed the question of whether mental disorder is associated with creativity, but high-quality epidemiological evidence has been lacking.AimsTo test for an association between studying a creative subject at high school or university and later mental disorder. METHOD: In a case-control study using linked population-based registries in Sweden (N = 4 454 763), we tested for associations between tertiary education in an artistic field and hospital admission with schizophrenia (N = 20 333), bipolar disorder (N = 28 293) or unipolar depression (N = 148 365)...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691277/no-association-between-urbanisation-neighbourhood-deprivation-and-ibd-a-population-based-study-of-4-million-individuals
#19
Agnieszka Butwicka, Amir Sariaslan, Henrik Larsson, Jonas Halfvarson, Pär E Myrelid, Ola Olén, Louise Frisen, Paul Lichtenstein, Jonas F Ludvigsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688866/does-the-use-of-hernia-mesh-in-surgical-inguinal-hernia-repairs-cause-male-infertility-a-systematic-review-and-descriptive-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Zhiyong Dong, Stacy Ann Kujawa, Cunchuan Wang, Hong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the available clinical trials examining male infertility after inguinal hernias were repaired using mesh procedures. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Medicine Database were investigated. The Jada score was used to evaluate the quality of the studies, "Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine-Levels of Evidence" was used to assess the level of the trials, and descriptive analysis was used to evaluate the studies...
April 23, 2018: Reproductive Health
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