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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813732/gastric-zygomycosis-in-a-previously-healthy-56-year-old-male
#1
Ashwyna Sunassee, Desirae M Muirhead
Zygomycosis refers to invasive fungal infections caused by fungi belonging to the phylum zygomycota. Infections generally occur in immunocompromised individuals. The following case is of a previously healthy 56 year-oldmale admitted to the hospital following a motor vehicle accident. During his hospitalization, there was a significant drop in hemoglobin with no obvious source of bleeding. This prompted the clinician to insert a nasogastric tube which returned at least 2 liters of black fluid and led to an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy...
April 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811764/revisional-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-failed-gastric-banding-and-effects-of-exercise-and-frequent-sweet-eating-on-its-outcome
#2
Hamed A AlWadaani, Abdul Qadeer
OBJECTIVE: To find out effectiveness of revisional laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (RLSG) in the patients who had laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) and failed to reduce or regained the weight and effectiveness of sweet abstaining and exercise on postoperative weight loss. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted at AlMoosa Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from December 2011 to November 2016. The patients who failed to reduce, regained the weight or had complications after LAGB, were performed RLSG...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810606/aspergillus-niger-bloodstream-infection-in-gastric-cancer-after-common-hepatic-artery-embolization-a-case-report
#3
Li Lin, Chuan-Hua Zhao, Xiu-Yun Yin, Yu-Ling Chen, Hong-Yan Zhai, Chun-Wei Xu, Yan Wang, Fei-Jiao Ge, Jian-Ming Xu
The present case study reported on a 62-year-old male patient with gastric cancer-associated Aspergillus (A.) niger bloodstream infection. The patient presented with massive hemorrhage in the gastrointestinal tract 3 months after total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Conservative treatment consisting of blood transfusion to supplement blood volume loss was ineffective. Digital subtraction angiography indicated gastroduodenal artery bleeding. The first attempt of performing arterial embolization using gelatin sponges failed, while the second attempt of performing common hepatic artery embolization using gelatin sponges and micro-coil springs stopped the bleeding...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809096/pancreatico-jejunostomy-decreases-post-operative-pancreatic-fistula-incidence-and-severity-after-central-pancreatectomy
#4
Frédéric Borel, Mehdi Ouaissi, Aude Merdrignac, Aurelien Venara, Valéria De Franco, Laurent Sulpice, Antoine Hamy, Nicolas Regenet
BACKGROUNDS: Central pancreatectomy (CP) is an alternative to pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal pancreatectomy in benign tumours of pancreatic isthmus management. It is known for a high post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) rate. The purpose of this study was to compare POPF incidence between pancreatico-jejunostomy (PJ) and pancreatico-gastrostomy (PG). METHODS: Fifty-eight patients (mean age 53.9 ± 1.9 years) who underwent a CP in four French University Hospitals from 1988 to 2011 were analysed...
August 15, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808985/hemostatic-radiotherapy-used-twice-for-inoperable-progressive-gastric-cancer-with-bleeding
#5
Osamu Tanaka, Kana Matsuura, Akihiko Sugiyama, Tomohiro Kato, Eiichi Tomita, Masayuki Matsuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807720/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-sildenafil-citrate-heparin-and-neuropeptides-in-a-rat-model-of-acetic-acid-induced-gastric-ulcer
#6
Mehmet Kalayci, Mehmet Ali Kocdor, Tuncay Kuloglu, İbrahim Sahin, Mehmet Sarac, Aziz Aksoy, Meltem Yardim, Semih Dalkilic, Onur Gursu, Suna Aydin, Ramazan Fazil Akkoc, Meltem Cokugras, Gokhan Artas, İbrahim Hanifi Ozercan, Kader Ugur, Suleyman Aydin
AIMS: The purpose of our investigative work has been to determine whether there can be therapeutic roles in the administration of sildenafil citrate, heparin and several neuropeptides on an animal model where gastric ulcers were induced with acetic acid, and to compare their efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The animals were divided into 13 groups, with 4 animals in each. Gastric ulcers was induced in the animals of 12 groups with one untreated group being left as the control (Group I - control; given normal saline (NS))...
August 11, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804629/clinical-presentation-and-treatment-of-gastric-metastasis-from-other-malignancies-of-solid-organs
#7
Tsutomu Namikawa, Eri Munekage, Maho Ogawa, Toyokazu Oki, Masaya Munekage, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Takeki Sugimoto, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
The aim of the present study was to analyze the clinicopathologic features and treatment outcomes of gastric metastasis from other malignancies of solid organs. A review was conducted of patients with metastatic tumors in the stomach from other malignancies of solid organs detected endoscopically at the Department of Surgery, Kochi Medical School, from January 1991 to December 2015. Seven patients (four men and three women), with a median age of 64 years (range, 42-71 years), had metastatic gastric tumors. Median tumor size was 7...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803655/usefulness-of-pa32540-in-protecting-the-gastric-layer-while-providing-secondary-prevention-for-coronary-artery-disease
#8
REVIEW
Deepthi Kagolanu, Najia Sayedy, Syed Haseeb, Shivani Shah, Paul Lam, Swapna Munnangi, Prakash Viswanathan, Kent Stephenson
Aspirin has been the mainstay for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease to decrease early recurrence and severity of recurrent cardiovascular events. However, an increase in gastrointestinal bleeding due to aspirin is preventing many patients from adhering to this daily regimen. PA32540, a combination pill with aspirin and omeprazole, is a newly emerging intervention that has the potential to reinforce patient compliance with the aspirin regimen due to fewer gastrointestinal adverse effects. This systematic review assessed three recent phase 3 clinical trials investigating the safety and efficacy of PA32540...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801510/therapeutic-options-for-bleeding-oesophageal-varices-cyanoacrylate-and-balloon-occluded-retrograde-obliteration-brto
#9
Helena L Frischtak, Jessica P Davis, Neeral L Shah
A 56-year-old male with cirrhosis presented with acute bleeding from cardiofundal gastroesophageal varices (GOV) and was treated with endoscopic cyanoacrylate glue. Glue therapy achieved stabilisation of the patient in the emergent setting. Three months later, the patient suffered rebleeding. At that time, he underwent retreatment with balloon-occluded retrograde obliteration (BRTO), with no recurrence at a follow-up of 14 months.Available treatments for bleeding GOV include methods to (a) directly obstruct the varices (endoscopic variceal ligation , sclerotherapy and cyanoacrylate glue, BRTO) or to (b) decrease portal pressure (surgical portacaval shunts; transportal intrahepatic portosystemic shunt)...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800749/palliative-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-tumor-bleeding-in-inoperable-advanced-gastric-cancer
#10
Yun Hee Lee, Jeong Won Lee, Hong Seok Jang
BACKGROUND: To assess the outcomes and prognostic factors associated with palliative external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), administered to patients with advanced gastric cancer. METHODS: Forty-two patients with bleeding gastric tumors that received EBRT for palliation were analyzed. The response to EBRT was assessed by the palliation of tumor bleeding. Patients were classified as either responders, or non-responders to EBRT. The prognostic utility of clinical and dosimetric variables was examined in a multivariate logistic regression model...
August 12, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799152/-gastric-schwannoma-rare-differenzial-diagnosis-of-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-gi-bleeding
#11
Orestis Lyros, Stephan Schickel, Katrin Schierle, Albrecht Hoffmeister, Ines Gockel
Schwannomas are benign tumors derived from Schwann cells and their typical site of origin is the subcutaneous tissue of the extremities. Gastrointestinal localization of Schwannomas is extremely rare and the stomach is the prevalent site. Gastric schwannomas primarily occur in the gastric submucosa and are usually asymptomatic.We present a rare case of a solitary gastric schwannoma in a 51-year old male, which initially manifested with hematemesis by acute upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. The upper GI-Endoscopy revealed a gastric submucosal tumor, 7 cm in size, located in the proximal corpus and fundus...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799046/minimally-invasive-pancreaticoduodenectomy-what-is-the-best-choice-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-non-randomized-comparative-studies
#12
Claudio Ricci, Riccardo Casadei, Giovanni Taffurelli, Carlo Alberto Pacilio, Marco Ricciardiello, Francesco Minni
BACKGROUND: Many mini-invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) techniques have been reported, but their advantages with respect to an open technique (OPD) and with respect to each other are unclear. METHOD: A systematic literature search of studies comparing different types of MIPD was carried out: laparoscopic-assisted (LAPD), totally robotic (TRPD), totally laparoscopic (TLPD) or totally laparoscopic-robotic assisted (TLPD-RA) to OPD. The primary endpoint was postoperative mortality...
August 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798285/is-the-aims-65-score-useful-in-prepdicting-clinical-outcomes-in-korean-patients-with-variceal-and-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#13
Jung Wan Choe, Seung Young Kim, Jong Jin Hyun, Sung Woo Jung, Young Kul Jung, Ja Seol Koo, Hyung Joon Yim, Sang Woo Lee
Background/Aims: Various clinical scoring systems, including the Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS), Rockall risk score (RS), and AIMS65 score (AIMS65), have been validated to predict the clinical outcomes in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). We compared the performance of these three scoring systems in predicting clinical outcomes in patients with UGIB in Korea. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 286 patients with UGIB who visited emergency department...
August 14, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797992/an-unusual-cause-of-dysphagia-after-gastric-variceal-bleeding
#14
Ankur Jindal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796070/clinical-characteristics-of-meckel-diverticulum-in-children-a-retrospective-review-of-a-15-year-single-center-experience
#15
Xiao-Kun Lin, Xiao-Zhong Huang, Xiao-Zhou Bao, Na Zheng, Qiong-Zhang Xia, Cong-de Chen
Meckel diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract in children. The aim of this study was to review and analyze clinical data on the diagnosis and management of Meckel diverticulum in pediatric patients. The records of 102 pediatric patients (<14 years old) who underwent surgery for Meckel diverticulum at our institute between 2001 and 2015 were reviewed. Clinical, imaging, laboratory, surgical, and pathological data were recorded. The series comprised 65 males and 37 females with a median age of 5...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791813/an-evaluation-of-selected-oral-health-indicators-and-cariogenic-bacteria-titer-in-patients-with-helicobacter-pylori
#16
Jakub Urban, Rafał Koszowski, Anna Płachetka, Andrzej Wiczkowski
BACKGROUND: Studies based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques indicate that Helicobacter pylori can be constantly or temporarily present in the oral cavity in virulent or non-virulent form. Streptococcus mutans exerts a strong inhibitory effect on H. pylori. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and virulence of H. pylori in the oral cavity and the correlation of these factors with oral health and cariogenic bacteria titer...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789612/lichenoid-esophagitis-presenting-as-fatal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-a-52%C3%A2-year-old-woman-a-case-diagnosed-by-autopsy
#17
Andrew Mitchell, Tony Petrella
BACKGROUND: "Lichenoid esophagitis" is a descriptive term for a lichenoid pattern of inflammation in the esophagus for which a precise histologic diagnosis cannot be established. The differential diagnosis includes lichen planus, a drug-related reaction, and viral infection. Lichenoid esophagitis causing death has not been reported previously. We describe a case, diagnosed by autopsy, of lichenoid esophagitis in which massive bleeding from generalized epithelial sloughing and a large longitudinal ulcer proved fatal...
August 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780045/sleeve-gastrectomy-with-duodenojejunal-end-to-side-anastomosis-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-the-initial-experiences-in-a-chinese-population-with-a-more-than-4-year-follow-up
#18
Xiaojiao Ruan, Weijian Zhang, Huajie Cai, Ru Zheng, Feizhao Jiang, Hengliang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Gastric bypass has been thought to be associated with a risk of gastric cancer, particularly in Asia. Sleeve gastrectomy with duodenojejunal end-to-side anastomosis (SG-DJESA) was suggested to be a better-designed procedure to avoid this risk, and it also has other advantages. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and feasibility of SG-DJESA in the treatment of nonobese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). SETTING: University Hospital, China...
July 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776769/a-rare-cause-of-hematemesis-initially-presenting-as-a-bleeding-gastric-dieulafoy-s-lesion
#19
Pieter J F de Jonge, Robert A de Man, Henk R van Buuren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776354/multidisciplinary-approach-to-refractory-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-case-series-of-angiographic-embolization
#20
Ko Eun Lee, Ki Nam Shim, Chung Hyun Tae, Min Sun Ryu, Sun Young Choi, Chang Mo Moon, Seong Eun Kim, Hey Kyung Jung, Sung Ae Jung
Although medical and endoscopic hemostasis is now considered as the first-line therapy for nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding, refractory bleeding still occurs in 5%-10% of the patients. In these patients, transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) or surgery is required, but research on embolization for unmanageable UGI bleeding in Korea is scanty. We reviewed the medical records of 518 patients who underwent endoscopic hemostasis during 4 years. Among these subjects, 8 patients who required embolization due to failure of endoscopic hemostasis were enrolled...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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