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Patrick Oellers, Sandra Stinnett, Paul Hahn
PURPOSE: Valved cannulas are a recent addition to small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and provide stable intraocular fluidics. The goal of this study was to compare outcomes and postoperative complication rates of valved vs nonvalved cannula small-gauge PPV for repair of retinal detachments (RDs) complicated by Grade C proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 364 consecutive eyes with either valved or nonvalved cannula PPV for RD repair was performed...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Finja Jockenhöfer, Knut Kröger, Joachim Klode, Regina Renner, Cornelia Erfurt-Berge, Joachim Dissemond
HINTERGRUND: Die Necrobiosis lipoidica (NL) ist eine seltene, granulomatöse inflammatorische Erkrankung der Haut unklarer Pathophysiologie mit potentieller Assoziation zum Diabetes mellitus. Weitere relevante Kofaktoren und Komorbiditäten wurden bislang kontrovers diskutiert. PATIENTEN UND METHODIK: Differenziert ausgewertet wurden die Diagnosis-related-Groups (DRG)-Daten aller Patienten, die 2012 stationär in Deutschland behandelt und mit der Haupt- und Nebendiagnose NL kodiert wurden...
March 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Laila Essabar, Toufik Meskini, Najat Lamalmi, Said Ettair, Naima Erreimi, Nezha Mouane
Gaucher's disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disorder due to glucocerebrosidase deficiency; it's one of the rare genetic diseases for which therapy is now available. The purpose of this work is to study the epidemiological features of the disease and to highlight the diagnostic difficulties. We performed an 11-year retrospective study of 11 patients with GD followed-up in the department of paediatric hepatology gastroenterology and nutrition of Rabat children's Hospital. We observed 11 patients with GD: 6 males and 5 females...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
E S Snigirevskaia, A V Moshkov, V E Iurinskaia, A A Vereninov, Ia Iu Komissarchik
The results of this work concerning ultrastructural changes of U-937 cells in a state of apoptosis are largely in consistent with the same information available in the literature. However, we have got the original data on the ultrastructural changes of cell organelles and immune localization and distribution of proteasomes. It has been demonstrated that Golgi apparatus is located close to the plasma membrane in the case of apoptosis induced by incubating the cells in a hypertonic suchrose solution (200-400 mM)...
2014: Tsitologiia
T S Dietlein, Y Moalem, A Lappas, A Rosentreter
BACKGROUND: Aim of this retrospective study was to identify the postoperative complications following trabeculectomy with mitomycin C in patients aged 80 years or older at the time of surgery. Additionally, the corresponding risk factors for postoperative complications were analysed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During a defined period between 2005 and 2009 all trabeculectomies in this age group at the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne were identified...
December 2014: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Eamon Sharkawi, Paul H Artes, Justyna D Oleszczuk, Cyrielle Bela, Farid Achache, Keith Barton, Ciara Bergin
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of a protocol of total intraluminal occlusion of Baerveldt shunts and its effects on early postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) control and hypotony-related complications. DESIGN: This was a noncomparative, prospective, and interventional study. PARTICIPANTS: Glaucoma patients were recruited to undergo Baerveldt shunt surgery. A total of 116 eyes of 112 patients were enrolled. INTERVENTION: During shunt implantation, aqueous outflow was restricted using an intraluminal occluding stent inserted through the entire tube length, with and without external ligation, to halt aqueous flow...
January 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
A Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2013: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Emmanuel Guilbert, Julien Bullet, Otman Sandali, Elena Basli, Laurent Laroche, Vincent M Borderie
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors for corneal graft rejection and rejection irreversibility. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: setting: Institutional. patients: A total of 1438 consecutive eyes of 1438 patients who underwent corneal transplantation for optical indication at the Centre Hospitalier National d'Ophtalmologie des XV-XX, Paris, France, between December 1992 and December 2010 were studied. Surgical technique was penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in 1209 cases, anterior lamellar keratoplasty (ALK) in 165 cases, and Descemet stripping with endothelial keratoplasty in 64 cases...
March 2013: American Journal of Ophthalmology
, J Schrader, S Lüders, H Haller, R Kolloch, E G Schulz, P Trenkwalder, W Zidek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2012: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
K Januschowski, H Wilhelm
We report two cases of atypical temporal arteritis. A 73-year-old woman with typical internal (diabetes, hypertony, hypercholesterinemia) and ophthomological (optic disc drusen) risk factors for N-AION reported with an acute unilateral decrease in vision. General symptoms, laboratory analysis and biopsy led to the diagnosis of temporal arteritis and iv steroids were administered. An 83-year-old male patient reported with a sudden unilateral decrease in vision, but did not complain about general symptoms. Laboratory analysis revealed no signs for temporal arteritis, therefore the patient was referred to his internal specialist for evaluation of internal risk factors for N-AION...
November 2012: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
N Lazarov, L Lazarov, S Lazarov
Painfull myoma utery in a patient with poor health condition and many disfunctional organs: Diabetes mellitus, Chronic renal insufficiency Gr. III (most probably a result of compression of the ureters causing bilateral hydronephrosis), arterial hypertony, anemia. The authors introduce their therapeutic model and manage to perform successfull operation after stabilizing the patient and intensive postoperative care. They point out the team work and good synchronization between the hospital divisions as crucial for the success of the treatment...
2011: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
S J Ahn, S J Woo, J Ahn, K H Park
PURPOSE: To compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) after 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (TSV) and conventional 20-gauge vitrectomy for various vitreoretinal diseases. METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional case series including 338 cases of 23-gauge TSV and 476 cases of 20-gauge vitrectomy with minimum follow-up period of 1 month. Postoperative 1 day, 1 week and 1 month IOPs were compared. Multiple regression analysis to assess the actual effect of gauge of vitrectomy on postoperative IOP was performed including intraoperative and postoperative factors influencing postoperative IOP as covariates...
June 2012: Eye
F Mahfoud, O Vonend, H Bruck, W Clasen, S Eckert, B Frye, H Haller, M Hausberg, U C Hoppe, J Hoyer, K Hahn, T Keller, B K Krämer, R Kreutz, S A Potthoff, H Reinecke, R Schmieder, V Schwenger, U Kintscher, M Böhm, L C Rump et al.
This commentary summarizes the expert consensus and recommendations of the working group 'Herz und Niere' of the German Society of Cardiology (DGK), the German Society of Nephrology (DGfN) and the German Hypertension League (DHL) on renal denervation for antihypertensive treatment. Renal denervation is a new, interventional approach to selectively denervate renal afferent and efferent sympathetic fibers. Renal denervation has been demonstrated to reduce office systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with resistant hypertension, defined as systolic office blood pressure ≥ 160 mm Hg and ≥ 150 mm Hg in patients with diabetes type 2, which should currently be used as blood pressure thresholds for undergoing the procedure...
November 2011: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Melanie Thamm, Robert Voswinckel, Henning Tiede, Friederike Lendeckel, Friedrich Grimminger, Werner Seeger, Hossein A Ghofrani
Our aim was to determine what proportion of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) has undertaken air travel contrary to the general medical advice and to characterize these patients according to disease severity and medical treatment. In cooperation with Pulmonale Hypertonie e.V., the German patient organization, a questionnaire was distributed. In total, 430 of 720 questionnaires were returned completed. Of the 179 patients who travelled at least once by air, the distribution of New York Heart Association functional classes I/ II/ III/ IV was 2/ 77/ 74/ 8, respectively; 83 patients were receiving monotherapy; 58 patients were receiving a combination of two or more therapies; 57 patients were on long-term ambulatory oxygen treatment; and 29 patients used supplemental oxygen while travelling...
April 2011: Pulmonary Circulation
F Chraibi, S Bhallil, I Benatiya, H Tahri
We present a case dealing with an uncommon presentation of retinoblastoma. An 4-year-old boy presented to the ophthalmic department for a red painful eye following trauma. The examination showed decreased visual acuity, total hyphema and ocular hypertony. Ocular ultrasonography revealed an intraocular process. CT-scan of the orbit was consistent with a retinoblastoma. Treatment consisted of an enucleation and chemotherapy. This paper stresses the fact that presentation of retinoblastoma is not stereotypic. Every effort should be made to exclude a tumoral intraocular process in all cases of hyphema, even in cases of well documented ocular trauma...
2011: Bulletin de la Société Belge D'ophtalmologie
C Perret, R Tabin, J-P Marcoz, J Llor, J-J Cheseaux
UNLABELLED: In previous years, several publications have reported cases of infants presenting neurological and gastrointestinal symptoms after ingestion of star anise tea. Such teas are sometimes given in various cultures for the treatment of infant colic pains. In most cases, the cause of intoxication was contamination of Chinese star anise (Illicium verum) by Japanese star anise (Illicium anisatum). Indeed, the toxicity of Illicium anisatum, also known as Shikimi, is caused by its content in potent neurotoxins (anisatin, neoanisatin, and pseudoanisatin), due to their activity as non-competitive antagonists of GABA receptors...
July 2011: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Aránzazu Mateo-Montoya, Efstratios Mendrinos, Cyrus Tabatabay, Constantin J Pournaras
PURPOSE: To report results and complications of 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless pars plana vitrectomy for a variety of vitreoretinal diseases. METHODS: A prospective consecutive case series study was performed in 66 eyes of 66 patients. Indications for surgery were epiretinal membrane (n = 20), rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (n = 19: 14 pseudophakic, 5 phakic), macular hole (n = 16), vitreous hemorrhage (n = 5), cyclodialysis (n = 1), intraocular lens luxation (n = 1), asteroid hyalosis (n = 1), congenital retinoschisis (n = 1), and endophtalmitis (n = 2)...
March 2011: Seminars in Ophthalmology
N Pogorzalek, I de Monchy, G Gendron, M Labetoulle
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of high intraocular pressure (HIOP) in 103 patients. METHODS: One hundred and three consecutive patients referred to our department for uveitis were included. Files were retrospectively analyzed for age at time of presentation, gender, type of uveitis (as defined by International Uveitis Study Group) and etiology, time of HIOP (primary or secondary to treatment), and associated filtering surgical procedure. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured using Goldmann applanation tonometry and HIOP was defined as intraocular pressure 21 mm Hg or higher...
March 2011: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
A-C Gribomont, S Nélis
Posterior dislocation of lens material is a serious complication of phacoemulsification. Its prognosis depends on timely treatment, well-planned by cataract and vitreoretinal surgeons working in collaboration. Pars plana vitrectomy with removal of the dislocated material is nearly always mandatory on a short-term basis in order to prevent and/or treat any further complication, mainly uveitis, hypertony, corneal edema, cystoid macular edema, and retinal detachment. The best time to implant and perform pars plana vitrectomy is still a matter of controversy...
December 2010: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1945: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
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