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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920373/human-influences-on-evolution-and-the-ecological-and-societal-consequences
#1
Andrew P Hendry, Kiyoko M Gotanda, Erik I Svensson
Humans have dramatic, diverse and far-reaching influences on the evolution of other organisms. Numerous examples of this human-induced contemporary evolution have been reported in a number of 'contexts', including hunting, harvesting, fishing, agriculture, medicine, climate change, pollution, eutrophication, urbanization, habitat fragmentation, biological invasions and emerging/disappearing diseases. Although numerous papers, journal special issues and books have addressed each of these contexts individually, the time has come to consider them together and thereby seek important similarities and differences...
January 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916790/announcement-ueda-heart-award-for-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
We are pleased to announce that the following 4 articles have been selected for the the UEDA Heart Awards for the Year 2016.First PlaceDelivery of Imatinib-Incorporated Nanoparticles into Lungs Suppresses the Development of Monocrotaline-Induced Pulmonary Arterial HypertensionSatoshi Akagi, Kazufumi Nakamura, Daiji Miura, Yukihiro Saito, Hiromi Matsubara, Aiko Ogawa, Tetsuya Matoba, Kensuke Egashira, Hiroshi ItoInt Heart J 2015 ; 56(3) : 354-359Second PlaceVasopressin V2 Receptor Antagonist Tolvaptan Is Effective in Heart Failure Patients With Reduced Left Ventricular Systolic Function and Low Blood PressureSatoshi Suzuki, Akiomi Yoshihisa, Takayoshi Yamaki, Koichi Sugimoto, Hiroyuki Kunii, Kazuhiko Nakazato, Yukihiko Abe, Tomiyoshi Saito, Takayuki Ohwada, Hitoshi Suzuki, Shu-ichi Saitoh, Isao Kubota, Yasuchika Takeishi, on behalf of the AVCMA investigatorsInt Heart J 2015 ; 56(2) : 213-218Third PlaceWaon Therapy Improves Quality of Life as Well as Cardiac Function and Exercise Capacity in Patients With Chronic Heart FailureMitsuo Sobajima, Takashi Nozawa, Yasutaka Fukui, Hiroyuki Ihori, Takashi Ohori, Nozomu Fujii, Hiroshi InoueInt Heart J 2015 ; 56(2) : 203-208Association of Fish Consumption-Derived Ratio of Serum n-3 to n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Risk With the Prevalence of Coronary Artery Disease : A Cross-Sectional Pilot StudyShigemasa Tani, Atsuhiko Takahashi, Ken Nagao, Atsushi HirayamaInt Heart J 2015 ; 56(3) : 260-268November 2016International Heart Journal Association...
2016: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780975/the-role-and-possible-mechanism-of-lncrna-u90926-in-modulating-3t3-l1-preadipocyte-differentiation
#3
J Chen, Y Liu, S Lu, L Yin, C Zong, S Cui, D Qin, Y Yang, Q Guan, X Li, X Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for metabolic diseases, while preadipocyte differentiation or adipogenesis is closely related to obesity occurrence. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a unique class of transcripts in regulation of a variety of biological processes. Using cDNA microarray, we found lncRNA U90926 is negatively correlated with 3T3-L1 preadipocyte differentiation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the role of lncRNA U90926 (lnc-U90926) in adipogenesis and the underlying mechanisms...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716959/first-record-of-tetramicra-brevifilum-in-lumpfish-cyclopterus-lumpus-l
#4
F Scholz, E Fringuelli, M Bolton-Warberg, M Marcos-López, S Mitchell, P Prodhol, D Moffet, P Savage, S Murphy O'Sullivan, I O Connor, E McCarthy, H D Rodger
A microsporidian species with 98.3-98.4% nucleotide identity to Tetramicra brevifilum (Journal of Fish Diseases, 3, 1980, 495) was diagnosed in lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus, L.) broodstock held at a breeding and rearing facility in western Ireland. The fish were wild-caught from the west coast of Ireland, and the first case was diagnosed one year after capture. Clinical signs included severe bloating, lethargy, exophthalmos, anorexia, white patches on the cornea and externally visible parasitic cysts on skin and fins...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677361/prostate-cancer-risk-related-to-foods-food-groups-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-derived-from-the-uk-dietary-cohort-consortium-food-diaries
#5
J A Lane, S E Oliver, P N Appleby, M A H Lentjes, P Emmett, D Kuh, A Stephen, E J Brunner, M J Shipley, F C Hamdy, D E Neal, J L Donovan, K-T Khaw, T J Key
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The influence of dietary factors remains controversial for screen-detected prostate cancer and inconclusive for clinically detected disease. We aimed to examine these associations using prospectively collected food diaries. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 1,717 prostate cancer cases in middle-aged and older UK men were pooled from four prospective cohorts with clinically detected disease (n=663), with routine data follow-up (means 6.6-13.3 years) and a case-control study with screen-detected disease (n=1054), nested in a randomised trial of prostate cancer treatments (ISCTRN 20141297)...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454859/using-multicountry-ecological-and-observational-studies-to-determine-dietary-risk-factors-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
William B Grant
UNLABELLED: Rates of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are rising worldwide. The most important risk factors seem to be linked to diet. For example, when Japan made the nutrition transition from the traditional Japanese diet to the Western diet, AD rates rose from 1% in 1985 to 7% in 2008. Foods protective against AD include fruits, vegetables, grains, low-fat dairy products, legumes, and fish, whereas risk factors include meat, sweets, and high-fat dairy products. The evidence comes from ecological and observational studies as well as investigations of the mechanisms whereby dietary factors affect risk...
July 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27071510/association-between-serum-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cognitive-performance-in-elderly-men-and-women-the-kuopio-ischaemic-heart-disease-risk-factor-study
#7
T A D'Ascoli, J Mursu, S Voutilainen, J Kauhanen, T-P Tuomainen, J K Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fish intake and the long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in fish have been suggested to lower the risk of cognitive decline. We assessed whether serum long-chain omega-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are associated with performance on neuropsychological tests in an older population and whether exposure to methylmercury, mainly from fish, or apolipoprotein-E4 (Apo-E4) phenotype can modify the associations...
August 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049034/the-2015-dutch-food-based-dietary-guidelines
#8
REVIEW
D Kromhout, C J K Spaaij, J de Goede, R M Weggemans
The objective of this study was to derive food-based dietary guidelines for the Dutch population. The dietary guidelines are based on 29 systematic reviews of English language meta-analyses in PubMed summarizing randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies on nutrients, foods and food patterns and the risk of 10 major chronic diseases: coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, diabetes, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dementia and depression...
August 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26395556/9q33-3q34-11-microdeletion-new-contiguous-gene-syndrome-encompassing-stxbp1-lmx1b-and-eng-genes-assessed-using-reverse-phenotyping
#9
Sophie Nambot, Alice Masurel, Salima El Chehadeh, Anne-Laure Mosca-Boidron, Christel Thauvin-Robinet, Mathilde Lefebvre, Nathalie Marle, Julien Thevenon, Stéphanie Perez-Martin, Véronique Dulieu, Frédéric Huet, Ghislaine Plessis, Joris Andrieux, Pierre-Simon Jouk, Gipsy Billy-Lopez, Charles Coutton, Fanny Morice-Picard, Marie-Ange Delrue, Delphine Heron, Caroline Rooryck, Alice Goldenberg, Pascale Saugier-Veber, Géraldine Joly-Hélas, Patricia Calenda, Paul Kuentz, Sylvie Manouvrier-Hanu, Sophie Dupuis-Girod, Patrick Callier, Laurence Faivre
The increasing use of array-CGH in malformation syndromes with intellectual disability could lead to the description of new contiguous gene syndrome by the analysis of the gene content of the microdeletion and reverse phenotyping. Thanks to a national and international call for collaboration by Achropuce and Decipher, we recruited four patients carrying de novo overlapping deletions of chromosome 9q33.3q34.11, including the STXBP1, the LMX1B and the ENG genes. We restrained the selection to these three genes because the effects of their haploinsufficency are well described in the literature and easily recognizable clinically...
June 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25853747/ibrutinib-in-previously-treated-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-s-macroglobulinemia
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Steven P Treon, Christina K Tripsas, Kirsten Meid, Diane Warren, Gaurav Varma, Rebecca Green, Kimon V Argyropoulos, Guang Yang, Yang Cao, Lian Xu, Christopher J Patterson, Scott Rodig, James L Zehnder, Jon C Aster, Nancy Lee Harris, Sandra Kanan, Irene Ghobrial, Jorge J Castillo, Jacob P Laubach, Zachary R Hunter, Zeena Salman, Jianling Li, Mei Cheng, Fong Clow, Thorsten Graef, M Lia Palomba, Ranjana H Advani
BACKGROUND: MYD88(L265P) and CXCR4(WHIM) mutations are highly prevalent in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. MYD88(L265P) triggers tumor-cell growth through Bruton's tyrosine kinase, a target of ibrutinib. CXCR4(WHIM) mutations confer in vitro resistance to ibrutinib. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of ibrutinib in 63 symptomatic patients with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia who had received at least one previous treatment, and we investigated the effect of MYD88 and CXCR4 mutations on outcomes...
April 9, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25521421/journal-of-fish-diseases-editorial
#11
EDITORIAL
Dave Speare
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25518585/-from-recognition-to-practice-the-140th-anniversary-of-the-discovery-of-clonorchis-sinensis
#12
Men-bao Qian, Ying-dan Chen, Xiao-nong Zhou
It has been the 140th anniversary since the discovery of Clonorchis sinensis, of which adult worms were found by McConnell in an oversea Chinese in Calcutta, India, September of 1874. Then, Japanese scholar Kobayashi proved that freshwater fish served as the second intermediate hosts in 1910, while another Japanese parasitologist Muto found that the first intermediate hosts were freshwater snails in 1918. However, the perniciousness has not been recognized until recently. C. sinensis infection was classified as definite carcinogen (group 1) in cholangiocarcinoma in 2009 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, WHO, and listed as one of the 17 diseases in WHO's first report on neglected tropical diseases in 2010, while its disease burden was published on line in an international journal in 2011...
August 2014: chinese Journal of Parasitology & Parasitic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25471166/a-review-of-fatigue-in-fishermen-a-complicated-and-underprioritised-area-of-research
#13
REVIEW
Annbjørg S A Høvdanum, Olaf C Jensen, Guðrún Petursdóttir, Ingunn Marie Holmen
BACKGROUND: Fatigue in fishing has been a highly underprioritised area of research, even though fatigue has been found to be the largest single contributing factor in accidents. AIM: The aim of this article/paper is to provide an overview of the research conducted on fatigue in fishermen up to date, in order to establish a starting point for further research in this area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The review is mainly based on journal articles from PubMed, Google Scholar, International Maritime Health, Science Direct and some relevant articles links were also followed...
2014: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25334719/secondary-leukemia-in-primary-mediastinal-large-b-cell-lymphoma-pmbl-presenting-as-myeloid-sarcoma-in-the-paraspinal-area
#14
Arun Kumar Arumugam Raajasekar, Anuradha Belur, Abhinav Chandra
SESSION TITLE: Cancer Student/Resident Case Report Posters IIISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Myeloid sarcoma is a localized extramedullary tumor composed of immature myeloid cells. It can occur in a patient with no prior history of acute myeloid leukemia[1]. It is usually seen in association with acute leukemia, myeloproliferative neoplasm, and myelodysplastic syndromes. They have a predilection for the skin, lymph nodes, small intestine, spine, and the mean time between the diagnosis and development of AML 10...
October 1, 2014: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25252270/improvements-are-needed-in-reporting-of-accuracy-studies-for-diagnostic-tests-used-for-detection-of-finfish-pathogens
#15
Ian A Gardner, Timothy Burnley, Charles Caraguel
Indices of test accuracy, such as diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, are important considerations in test selection for a defined purpose (e.g., screening or confirmation) and affect the interpretation of test results. Many biomedical journals recommend that authors clearly and transparently report test accuracy studies following the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) guidelines ( www.stard-statement.org ). This allows readers to evaluate overall study validity and assess potential bias in diagnostic sensitivity and specificity estimates...
December 2014: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24877849/a-review-of-the-medicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-the-genus-sapium
#16
REVIEW
L M R Al Muqarrabun, N Ahmat, S Ruzaina S Aris
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Several species from the genus Sapium possess a broad range of medicinal properties and they have been used as traditional medicines by indigenous groups in several regions such as Malaysia, Africa, Southern China and Bolivia. Most of the species reported to possess therapeutic effects which are used for the treatment of skin-related diseases such as eczema and dermatitis, but they may also be used for overstrain, lumbago, constipation and hernia. Species of this genus are also used to treat wounds and snake bites...
August 8, 2014: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24585498/omega-3-fatty-acids-fish-oil-for-maintenance-of-remission-in-crohn-s-disease
#17
REVIEW
Raffi Lev-Tzion, Anne Marie Griffiths, Oren Leder, Dan Turner
BACKGROUND: The anti-inflammatory effects of n-3 (omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil) have been suggested to be beneficial in chronic inflammatory disorders such as inflammatory bowel disease. This review is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the efficacy and safety of n-3 for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease (CD). SEARCH METHODS: The following databases were searched from inception to November 2013 without language restriction: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, PubMed, and ACP journal club...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24147814/parasites-of-freshwater-fishes-in-north-america-why-so-neglected
#18
REVIEW
Tomáš Scholz, Anindo Choudhury
Fish parasitology has a long tradition in North America and numerous parasitologists have contributed considerably to the current knowledge of the diversity and biology of protistan and metazoan parasites of freshwater fishes. The Journal of Parasitology has been essential in disseminating this knowledge and remains a significant contributor to our understanding of fish parasites in North America as well as more broadly at the international level. However, with a few exceptions, the importance of fish parasites has decreased during the last decades, which is reflected in the considerable decline of funding and corresponding decrease of attention paid to these parasites in Canada and the United States of America...
February 2014: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24146360/subungual-exostosis-of-the-toes-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Mark P DaCambra, Sumit K Gupta, Fabio Ferri-de-Barros
BACKGROUND: Subungual exostosis is a relatively common benign bone tumor that occurs in the distal phalanges of the toes and can be a source of pain and nail deformity. There is controversy about the treatment of these lesions and there are few studies that have synthesized what is known and provided meaningful information on treatment. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We performed a systematic review to address the following questions: (1) What is the best surgical approach for excising these lesions? (2) What is the age range, sex distribution, and presenting symptoms of subungual exostoses and which toe is most frequently affected? (3) What complications arise from treatment? METHODS: Two authors independently searched multiple databases (Medline, 1950-May 2013; Cochrane EBM database, and EMBASE, 1980-May 2013 provided by OVID; ACP Journal Club, 2003-May 2013; CINAHL by EBSCO, 1937-May 2013; and PubMed by NLM, 1940-May 2013), and key words were chosen to achieve a broad search strategy...
April 2014: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23983105/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-african-americans-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ashutosh Tamhane, Gerald McGwin, David T Redden, Laura B Hughes, Elizabeth E Brown, Andrew O Westfall, Doyt L Conn, Beth L Jonas, Edwin A Smith, Richard D Brasington, Larry W Moreland, S Louis Bridges, Leigh F Callahan
OBJECTIVE: Racial/ethnic differences with regard to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use have been reported in the US. However, specific details of CAM use by African Americans with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are lacking. METHODS: Data were collected from African Americans with RA enrolled in a multicenter registry regarding the use of CAM, including food supplements, topical applications, activities, and alternative care providers. Factors associated with CAM use by sex and disease duration were assessed using t-test, Wilcoxon's rank sum test, chi-square test, and logistic regression analyses...
February 2014: Arthritis Care & Research
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