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Canine movement disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891564/a-homozygous-pign-missense-mutation-in-soft-coated-wheaten-terriers-with-a-canine-paroxysmal-dyskinesia
#1
Ana L Kolicheski, Gary S Johnson, Tendai Mhlanga-Mutangadura, Jeremy F Taylor, Robert D Schnabel, Taroh Kinoshita, Yoshiko Murakami, Dennis P O'Brien
Hereditary paroxysmal dyskinesias (PxD) are a heterogeneous group of movement disorders classified by frequency, duration, and triggers of the episodes. A young-adult onset canine PxD has segregated as an autosomal recessive trait in Soft-Coated Wheaten Terriers. The medical records and videos of episodes from 25 affected dogs were reviewed. The episodes of hyperkinesia and dystonia lasted from several minutes to several hours and could occur as often as >10/day. They were not associated with strenuous exercise or fasting but were sometimes triggered by excitement...
November 28, 2016: Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876452/comparison-of-excursive-occlusal-force-parameters-in-post-orthodontic-and-non-orthodontic-subjects-using-t-scan%C3%A2-iii
#2
Sarah Qadeer, Ahmed A Abbas, Lertrit Sarinnaphakorn, Robert B Kerstein
OBJECTIVE: Published studies indicate that orthodontically treated patients demonstrate increased posterior occlusal friction contributing to temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms. This study investigated measured excursive movement occlusal contact parameters and their association with TMD symptoms between non- and post-orthodontic subjects. METHODS: Twenty-five post-orthodontic and 25 non-orthodontic subjects underwent T-Scan® computerized occlusal analysis to determine their disclusion time (DT), the excursive frictional contacts, and occlusal scheme...
November 23, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346751/a-framework-for-movement-disorders-in-canine-neurology
#3
EDITORIAL
George M Strain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240912/natural-history-of-canine-paroxysmal-movement-disorders-in-labrador-retrievers-and-jack-russell-terriers
#4
Mark Lowrie, Laurent Garosi
Delineation of the typical disease progression in canine paroxysmal dyskinesia (PD) may assist in evaluating therapeutic agents during clinical trials. Our objective was to establish the natural disease course in a group of dogs diagnosed with PD that received no medication. Fifty-nine dogs (36 Labradors, 23 JRTs) with clinically confirmed PD and a follow-up of ≥3 years were retrospectively reviewed. Dogs with PD had a young onset, were triggered by startle or sudden movements, and had a male bias (75%) with the majority being entire sample population...
July 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135894/helping-war-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-incarcerated-individuals-role-in-therapeutic-animal-programs
#5
Gennifer Furst
A grassroots movement of nonprofit, nongovernmental organizations is creating programs in which incarcerated individuals train rescued shelter dogs as therapeutic canines for Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Driven in part by reports of Veterans not receiving adequate treatment for PTSD, the programs are the latest iteration of prison-based animal programs and are founded on the principles of animal therapy and healing powers of animals. The far-reaching and deleterious collateral consequences of PTSD create social and economic burdens on the country; providing beneficial interventions for Veterans is a pressing social problem...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26929701/primary-failure-of-eruption-combined-with-bilateral-transmigration-of-mandibular-canines-transposition-torus-palatinus-and-class-iii-incisor-relationship-a-rare-case-report
#6
Salma Babiker Idris Elhag, Ashraf Sidig Idris Abdulghani
Eruption disorders are numerous varying from delayed to complete failure of eruption. Primary failure of eruption (PFE) is a rare condition that involves arrested eruption of teeth with the absence of local or general contributory factors. Another rare and clinically challenging phenomenon is canine transmigration which is the intra-osseous movement of impacted canines across the midline. This report presents the first case of combined failure of eruption of multiple teeth with bilateral mandibular canine transmigration, transposition of upper canine and the first premolar, torus palatinus, and class III incisor relationship in a 33-year-old asymptomatic and nonsyndromic female patient...
October 2015: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26500168/the-clinical-and-serological-effect-of-a-gluten-free-diet-in-border-terriers-with-epileptoid-cramping-syndrome
#7
M Lowrie, O A Garden, M Hadjivassiliou, R J Harvey, D S Sanders, R Powell, L Garosi
BACKGROUND: Canine epileptoid cramping syndrome (CECS) is a paroxysmal movement disorder of Border Terriers (BTs). These dogs might respond to a gluten-free diet. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the clinical and serological effect of a gluten-free diet in BTs with CECS. ANIMALS: Six client-owned BTs with clinically confirmed CECS. METHODS: Dogs were prospectively recruited that had at least a 6-month history of CECS based on the observed phenomenology (using video) and had exhibited at least 2 separate episodes on different days...
November 2015: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26204669/second-molar-uprighting-after-premature-loss-of-mandibular-first-permanent-molar-case-report
#8
E R Cernei, R B Mavru, Irina Nicoleta Zetui
INTRODUCTION: Uprighting a tipped molar by using an uprighting spring is a fundamental orthodontic treatment technique. Following a weak anchorage done only by the anterior teeth the permanent lower second molar will rotate around its center of resistance, and besides the distalizing movement will occur its extrusion. Following the reaction, the mandibular anterior teeth will have a movement of intrusion. All these elements will lead to anterior open bite. Correction of vertical problems has become easier with the advent of mini-implants...
April 2015: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26064776/clinical-and-breed-characteristics-of-idiopathic-head-tremor-syndrome-in-291-dogs-a-retrospective-study
#9
Linda G Shell, John Berezowski, Mark Rishniw, Belle M Nibblett, Patrick Kelly
Objective. To establish signalment and phenomenology of canine idiopathic head tremor syndrome (IHTS), an episodic head movement disorder of undetermined pathogenesis. Design. Retrospective case series. Animals. 291 dogs with IHTS diagnosed between 1999 and 2013. Procedures. Clinical information was obtained from an online community of veterinary information aggregation and exchange (Veterinary Information Network, 777 W Covell Boulevard, Davis, CA 95616) and conducted with their approval. Information on breed, sex, age of onset, tremor description, mentation during the event, effect of distractions and drugs, diagnostics, presence of other problems, and outcome was analyzed...
2015: Veterinary Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25522968/the-linear-ordered-collagen-scaffold-bdnf-complex-significantly-promotes-functional-recovery-after-completely-transected-spinal-cord-injury-in-canine
#10
Sufang Han, Bin Wang, Wei Jin, Zhifeng Xiao, Xing Li, Wenyong Ding, Meghan Kapur, Bing Chen, Baoyu Yuan, Tiansheng Zhu, Handong Wang, Jing Wang, Qun Dong, Weibang Liang, Jianwu Dai
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is still a worldwide clinical challenge for which there is no viable therapeutic method. We focused on developing combinatorial methods targeting the complex pathological process of SCI. In this study, we implanted linear-ordered collagen scaffold (LOCS) fibers with collagen binding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) by tagging a collagen-binding domain (CBD) (LOCS + CBD-BDNF) in completely transected canine SCI with multisystem rehabilitation to validate its potential therapeutic effect through a long-term (38 weeks) observation...
February 2015: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25441627/canine-paroxysmal-movement-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Ganokon Urkasemsin, Natasha J Olby
Paroxysmal dyskinesias are episodic movement disorders characterized by muscle hypertonicity that can produce involuntary movements. Signs emanate from the central nervous system; consciousness is not impaired, ictal electroencephalography is normal, and there are no autonomic signs, distinguishing them from seizure disorders. In humans they are classified into 3 groups, each responding to different therapies. A mutation in the gene for brevican (BCAN) has been identified as the cause of Episodic Falling in Cavalier King Charles spaniels...
November 2014: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25253020/btbd7-contributes-to-reduced-e-cadherin-expression-and-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Chuifeng Fan, Yuan Miao, Xiupeng Zhang, Di Liu, Guiyang Jiang, Xuyong Lin, Qiang Han, Lan Luan, Zhonghai Xu, Enhua Wang
BACKGROUND: Disorders of cell adhesion are critical steps in cancer progression in which varieties of markers including cadherins are involved in.Btbd7 was found to inhibit E-cadherin expression in MDCK cells and play important roles during branching morphogenesis of embryonic salivary glands and lungs. However its function in malignant tumors is largely unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinicopathological significance and possible function of Btbd7 in non-small cell lung cancer...
2014: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25085306/compensatory-orthodontic-treatment-for-maxillary-deficiency-a-4-year-follow-up
#13
Giordani Santos Silveira, Johnny Holanda de Gauw, Alexandre Trindade Motta, José Nelson Mucha
In this article, we report the orthodontic treatment of a boy (age 12 years 9 months) who had a midface deficiency, a concave facial profile with maxillary retrusion, a complete crossbite (anterior and posterior), and the maxillary right canine retained in the alveolus. Rapid maxillary expansion was performed followed by complete orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances combined with Class III elastics and anterior vertical elastics. Time was allowed to elapse until growth was virtually over before removing the fixed appliances (at age 18 years 4 months), and no retainer of any type was used...
August 2014: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24984678/the-efficacy-of-bilateral-balanced-and-canine-guidance-occlusal-splints-in-the-treatment-of-temporomandibular-joint-disorder
#14
Eman M Al-Rafah, Manal R Alammari, Fahad H Banasr
Studies on the effects of stabilization splints on the neuromuscular system in patients with functional disorders indicate that the splints reestablish symmetric and reduced postural activity in the temporal and masseter muscles and significantly reduce the masseter muscle activity. This study was conducted on sixteen male dentulous patients who were suffering from subjective and objective signs of Temporomanbdibular Disorders (TMD). The patients were randomly divided into two groups, eight patients in each according to the fabrication of the occlusal design of the stabilization splint...
June 2014: Oral Health and Dental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24713567/dental-transposition-of-canine-and-lateral-incisor-and-impacted-central-incisor-treatment-a-case-report
#15
Tarcisio Jacinto Gebert, Vinícius Canavarros Palma, Alvaro Henrique Borges, Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato
INTRODUCTION: Dental transposition and impaction are disorders related to ectopic eruption or failure in tooth eruption, which can affect child physical, mental and social development and may be difficult to be clinically solved. METHODS: We describe a case of transposition between the upper left canine and lateral incisor associated with impaction of the central incisor on the same side, in a 12-year-old patient. Conservative treatment involving surgical-orthodontic correction of transposed teeth and traction of the central incisor was conducted...
January 2014: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24713069/asymmetric-severe-skeletal-class-ii-division-1-patient-with-temporomandibular-joint-disorder-treated-with-zygomatic-anchorage-devices-and-ni-ti-alloy-wires
#16
Takayoshi Ishida, Takashi Ono
OBJECTIVE: To describe the orthodontic treatment of a nongrowing 30-year-old woman with asymmetric severe skeletal Class II malocclusions (asymmetric Angle Class II), large overjet (16 mm), large overbite (8 mm), two congenitally missing mandibular incisors (presenting a deciduous anterior tooth), and signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used novel improved super-elastic Ni-Ti alloy wires (ISWs) combined with Ni-Ti alloy coil springs, power hooks, and a zygomatic implant as reinforced anchorage to provide a constant and continuous mild force to the dentition...
September 2014: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24562508/targeted-transtracheal-stimulation-for-vocal-fold-closure
#17
Aaron J Hadley, Paul Thompson, Ilya Kolb, Elizabeth C Hahn, Dustin J Tyler
Paralysis of the structures in the head and neck due to stroke or other neurological disorder often causes dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing). Patients with dysphagia have a significantly higher incidence of aspiration pneumonia and death. The recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), which innervates the intrinsic laryngeal muscles that control the vocal folds, travels superiorly in parallel to the trachea in the tracheoesophageal groove. This study tests the hypothesis that functional electrical stimulation (FES) applied via transtracheal electrodes can produce controlled vocal fold adduction...
June 2014: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24116661/naringenin-inhibits-the-growth-of-dictyostelium-and-mdck-derived-cysts-in-a-trpp2-polycystin-2-dependent-manner
#18
A Waheed, M H R Ludtmann, N Pakes, S Robery, A Kuspa, C Dinh, D Baines, R S B Williams, M A Carew
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identifying and characterizing potential new therapeutic agents to target cell proliferation may provide improved treatments for neoplastic disorders such as cancer and polycystic diseases. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: We used the simple, tractable biomedical model Dictyostelium to investigate the molecular mechanism of naringenin, a dietary flavonoid with antiproliferative and chemopreventive actions in vitro and in animal models of carcinogenesis...
May 2014: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23338275/open-bite-diagnosis-treatment-and-stability
#19
Mírian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto, Fábio Lourenço Romano, José Tarcísio Lima Ferreira, Rodrigo Alexandre Valério
Open bite has fascinated Orthodontics due to the difficulties regarding its treatment and maintenance of results. This anomaly has distinct characteristics that, in addition to the complexity of multiple etiological factors, have aesthetic and functional consequences. Within this etiological context, several types of mechanics have been used in open bite treatment, such as palatal crib, orthopedic forces, occlusal adjustment, orthodontic camouflage with or without extraction, orthodontic intervention using mini-implants or mini-plates, and even orthognathic surgery...
2012: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22771362/the-modulation-of-canine-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-nano-topographic-cues
#20
Joshua A Wood, Irene Ly, Dori L Borjesson, Paul F Nealey, Paul Russell, Christopher J Murphy
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a promising cellular therapeutic for the treatment of a variety of disorders. On transplantation, MSCs interact with diverse extracellular matrices (ECMs) that vary dramatically in topographic feature type, size and surface order. In order to investigate the impact of these topographic cues, surfaces were fabricated with either isotropically ordered holes or anisotropically ordered ridges and grooves. To simulate the biologically relevant nano through micron size scale, a series of topographically patterned substrates possessing features of differing pitch (pitch=feature width+groove width) were created...
November 15, 2012: Experimental Cell Research
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