Read by QxMD icon Read


L Saenz Del Burgo, J Ciriza, R M Hernández, G Orive, J L Pedraz
The microencapsulation of different types of cells that are able to produce therapeutic factors is being investigated for the treatment of several human diseases. Most efforts are focused on chronic and degenerative diseases as this strategy could become an alternative to some commonly used parenteral treatments that need to be repeatedly administered. But, this approach has also been investigated in the field of oncology with the aim of providing immunomodulatory antibodies that are able to enhance the patient's inherent immune response against the tumor...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Satoshi Kubota, Masaharu Takigawa
Specific antibodies against biomolecules are conventional, but robust tools for the structural and functional analysis of target molecules. Since CCN family proteins are composed of four distinct modules that together determine the functionalities as full-length molecules depending upon extracellular microenvironment, specific antibody against independent modules are quite useful in CCN family research. Three distinct strategies are considerable for raising antibodies specific to four modules: IGFBP, VWC, TSP1, and CT modules...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
William J J Finlay, Laird Bloom, Sreeja Varghese, Bénédicte Autin, Orla Cunningham
High-affinity, highly specific binding proteins are a key class of molecules used in the development of new affinity chromatography methods. Traditionally, antibody-based methods have relied on the use of immunoglobulins purified from immune animal sera, from egg yolks, or from murine monoclonal hybridoma supernatants. To accelerate and refine the reagent antibody generation process, we have developed optimized methods that allow the rapid assembly of scFv libraries from chickens immunized with pools of immunogens...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Feng Wang, Hong Wang, Yudong Shen, Yongjun Li, Jie-Xian Dong, Zhenlin Xu, Jinyi Yang, Yuanming Sun, Zhili Xiao
A new multi-analyte immunoassay was designed to screen furaltadone metabolite 5-morpholinomethyl-3-amino-2-oxazolidone (AMOZ), malachite green (MG), and leucomalachite green (LMG) in aquatic products using a bispecific monoclonal antibody (BsMAb). Gradient drug mutagenesis methods were separately used to prepare an anti-3-nitrobenzaldehyde-derivatized AMOZ (3-NPAMOZ) hybridoma cell line that was hypoxanthine-guanine-phosphoribosyltransferase (HGRPT) deficient and an anti-LMG hybridoma cell line that was thymidine kinase (TK) deficient...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Chen Chen, Hui Liang, Xinmei Liao, Jian Pan, Jianhe Chen, Shibi Zhao, Yan Xu, Yun Wu, Jian Ni
Inhibition of tumor vasculature is an effective strategy for cancer therapy. Angiostatin could suppress tumor growth and metastasis by binding and inhibiting F1F0 ATP synthase on the endothelial cell surface. We previously screened a monoclonal antibody (McAb, McAb178-5G10), which specifically bound to ATPase on the surface of cells and showed an angiostatin-like activity. Here, we further generated a panel of CHO-mAb subclone stable expressing a humanized chimeric antibody from hybridoma cell McAb178-5G10 by gene engineer...
October 4, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Kun Zeng, Wei Wei, Ling Jiang, Fang Zhu, Daolin Du
Current methods to detect gentamicin (GEN), a broad-spectrum antibiotic that causes ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity when present in excess, have several limitations. Hence, we have developed two methods using multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as a solid support to detect GEN. Hybridoma cells (2D12) producing high-sensitivity antibodies against GEN were established. The goat anti-mouse antibody was immobilized on MWCNTs directly or using bifunctional polyethylene glycol as a linker. On the basis of the physical characteristics of MWCNTs, a quantitative method involving centrifugation separation and a qualitative method involving filtration separation were established...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Xiu-Li Cao, Xing Zhang, Yu-Fei Zhang, Yi-Zhe Zhang, Chang-Geng Song, Fan Liu, Yi-Yang Hu, Min-Hua Zheng, Hua Han
Ttyh1 is a murine homolog of the Drosophila Tweety and is predicted as a five-pass transmembrane protein. The Ttyh1 mRNA is expressed in mouse brain tissues with a restricted pattern and in human glioma cells. Ttyh1 protein may function as a large-conductance chloride channel, however, the role of Ttyh1 in normal neural development and tumorigenesis has been largely unknown, at least partially due to the lack of effective antibodies. Here we report the expression in E. coli and purification of two recombinant Ttyh1 protein fragments corresponding to one of the predicted extracellular domains and the carboxyl terminus of the mouse Ttyh1...
September 24, 2016: Protein Expression and Purification
Masayuki Homma, Akiyuki Uzawa, Hitoshi Tanaka, Naoki Kawaguchi, Tetsuya Kanai, Kenji Nakajima, Masakuni Narita, Yukio Hara, Hideya Maruyama, Yasumasa Ogawa, Keiichi Himuro, Satoshi Kuwabara
Most patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) have elevated levels of autoantibodies against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) at the neuromuscular junction, which leads to muscle weakness. We developed a fusion protein, AChR-Fc, as a novel therapeutic biomolecule for patients with MG and examined its efficacy. AChR-Fc was expressed by Chinese hamster ovary cells and purified. We examined the neutralizing activity and cellular cytotoxicity of AChR-Fc using anti-AChR antibody-producing hybridoma cells and serum samples from 16 patients with MG...
September 27, 2016: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
Bryan D Fleming, Mitchell Ho
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common form of primary liver cancer, yet no effective therapeutics exist. This review provides an overview of the recent development of recombinant immunotoxins for the treatment of glypican-3 (GPC3) expressing HCC. GPC3 is a cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycan that is overexpressed in HCC, but is absent from normal adult human tissues. Treatment of HCC with anti-GPC3 immunotoxins represents a new therapeutic option. Using phage display and hybridoma technologies, three high affinity antibodies (HN3, HS20 and YP7) have been generated against GPC3...
2016: Toxins
Zhengpeng Shi, Yumin Hu, Hanqing Chen, Fengqing Fu, Xueguang Zhang
Objective To generate mouse anti-human monoclonal antibodies against the molecules expressed on immune cells from malignant pleural effusions, and identify the antigen recognized by the monoclonal antibody named Y4F11. Methods The cells separated from pleural effusions of lung cancer patients were used to immunize BALB/c mice. Hybridoma technology was used for cell fusion and screening; the monoclonal antibody named Y4F11 was chosen as the object for the following experiment. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze the molecules expressed on naive and activated T, B, NK cells and monocytes; Co-immunoprecipitation was conducted to get the antigen pulled down by Y4F11...
October 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Anastasia Zotova, Ivan Zotov, Alexander Filatov, Dmitriy Mazurov
An essential step in monoclonal antibody (mAb) development is the characterization and final identification of the specific target antigen and its epitope. Antibody validation is rather straightforward when immunization is carried out with peptide or purified protein, but is more difficult when whole cells or other complex antigens are used for the immunization. Determining antigen specificity of a mAb is further complicated, when reactivity of an antibody is not detected in Western blotting and/or immunoprecipitation assay...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Immunological Methods
Qi Shu, Limin Wang, Hui Ouyang, Wenwen Wang, Fengquan Liu, Zhifeng Fu
A novel bifunctional antibody (BfAb) that could recognize methyl parathion and imidacloprid simultaneously was prepared by a hybrid hybridomas technique. Using the BfAb as the sole recognition reagent, a multiplexed immunochromatographic test strip based on a time-resolved chemiluminescence (CL) strategy was developed for quantitative detection of pesticide residues. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were used as the CL probes to label the haptens of methyl parathion and imidacloprid, respectively...
September 17, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Xilin Zhang, Jun Gu, Li Zhou, Qing-Sheng Mi
T cell immunoglobulin and mucin-4 (TIM-4), mainly expressed on antigen presenting cells, plays a versatile role in immunoregulation. CD1d-restricted invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are potent cells involved in the diverse immune responses. It was recently reported that recombinant TIM-4 (rTIM-4) alone enhanced cytokine production in NKT hybridoma, DN32.D3 cells. Hence, we hypothesized that TIM-4 might regulate iNKT cell biology, especially their function of cytokine secretion. For the first time, we identified that TIM-4 was expressed in thymus iNKT cells, and its expression increased upon iNKT cell migration to the secondary lymphoid organs, especially in lymph nodes...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Elena Mendoza-Pérez, Vanessa Hernández, Laura A Palomares, José A Serrato
The cell cycle has fundamental effects on cell cultures and their products. Tools to synchronize cultured cells allow the study of cellular physiology and metabolism at particular cell cycle phases. However, cells are most often arrested by methods that alter their homeostasis and are then cultivated in poorly controlled environments. Cell behavior could then be affected by the synchronization method and culture conditions used, and not just by the particular cell cycle phase under study. Moreover, only a few viable cells are recovered...
2016: BioTechniques
Rongzhi Wang, Xiaosong Gu, Zhenghong Zhuang, Yanfang Zhong, Hang Yang, Shihua Wang
Citreoviridin (CIT), a small food-borne mycotoxin produced by Penicillium citreonigrum, is generally distributed in various cereal grains and farm crop products around the world and has caused cytotoxicity as an uncompetitive inhibitor of ATP hydrolysis. A high affinity single chain variable fragment (scFv) antibody that can detect the citreoviridin in samples is still not available; therefore, it is very urgent to prepare an antibody for CIT detection and therapy. In this study, an amplified and assembled scFv from hybridoma was used to construct the mutant phage library by error-prone PCR, generating a 2 × 10(8) capacity mutated phage display library...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Junna Gao, Xue Lian, Haiwei Sun, Zejun Lu, Xunhai Zhang, Yong-Sam Jung, Hongjun Chen, Yingjuan Qian
Objective To prepare monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against chicken cell cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (cChk2). Methods The cChk2 gene was amplified by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and subcloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pGEX-4T-3. After induced by IPTG, cChk2 was expressed in BL21 (DE3) E.coli cells and analyzed by SDS-PAGE to determine its soluability. BALB/c mice were immunized with cChk2 protein peritoneally. Indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and Western blotting were used to detect anti-serum; if the detection result was positive, IFA and limited dilution was performed to screen hybridoma clones that produced antibodies against cChk2...
September 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Maria Elena Bravo-Adame, Rosario Vera-Estrella, Bronwyn J Barkla, Cecilia Martínez-Campos, Angel Flores-Alcantar, Jose Pablo Ocelotl-Oviedo, Gustavo Pedraza-Alva, Yvonne Rosenstein
CD43 is one of the most abundant co-stimulatory molecules on a T-cell surface; it transduces activation signals through its cytoplasmic domain, contributing to modulation of the outcome of T-cell responses. The aim of this study was to uncover new signalling pathways regulated by this sialomucin. Analysis of changes in protein abundance allowed us to identify pyruvate kinase isozyme M2 (PKM2), an enzyme of the glycolytic pathway, as an element potentially participating in the signalling cascade resulting from the engagement of CD43 and the T-cell receptor (TCR)...
September 8, 2016: Immunology
Paola Gastelum-Aviña, Fernando Lares-Villa, Clara Espitia, Olivia Valenzuela, Ramon Robles-Zepeda, Carlos Velazquez, Adriana Garibay-Escobar
T-cell hybridoma assays have been widely used for the in vitro study of antigen processing and presentation because they represent an unlimited source of cells and they bypass the difficulty of maintaining T-cell clones in culture. One of the most widely used methods to assess hybridoma activation is measurement of CTLL-2 cell proliferation, which is dependent on IL-2. However, continuous culture of this cell line results in a loss of sensitivity, and significant interassay variability can occur. Therefore, our goal was to develop a method to assess T-cell hybridoma activation that was fast and sensitive with low variability based on the IL-2 secretion assay...
November 2016: Journal of Immunological Methods
Xingyuan Ma, Nanjing Lin, Yanyan Kang, Linfeng Li, Wenyun Zheng
Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) are very useful model systems for a better understanding of cell behavior and differential gene expression. Up to now, there have not been specific markers and MAbs for BMSCs that hamper the identification and isolation of BMSCs populations. In this study, chicken BMSCs were isolated from 1-day-old Beijing fatty chickens by adherent culture. After biological characteristics were detected, the chicken BMSCs were used to immunize BALB/c mice to prepare BMSCs-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) by the routine hybridoma technique...
August 2016: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
Mark A Keibler, Thomas M Wasylenko, Joanne K Kelleher, Othon Iliopoulos, Matthew G Vander Heiden, Gregory Stephanopoulos
BACKGROUND: The study of cancer metabolism has been largely dedicated to exploring the hypothesis that oncogenic transformation rewires cellular metabolism to sustain elevated rates of growth and division. Intense examination of tumors and cancer cell lines has confirmed that many cancer-associated metabolic phenotypes allow robust growth and survival; however, little attention has been given to explicitly identifying the biochemical requirements for cell proliferation in a rigorous manner in the context of cancer metabolism...
2016: Cancer & Metabolism
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"