Read by QxMD icon Read


Richard Lindstrom, Richard Lewis, Dana M Hornbeak, Lilit Voskanyan, Jane Ellen Giamporcaro, John Hovanesian, Steven Sarkisian
INTRODUCTION: The study objective was to evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) and medication-lowering effect of 2 second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stents in eyes with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) on one preoperative medication. METHODS: Fifty-seven qualified phakic eyes with OAG on 1 medication, preoperative medicated IOP of 18-30 mmHg, and preoperative unmedicated (post-washout) IOP of 22-38 mmHg underwent implantation of 2 second-generation trabecular micro-bypass stents in a standalone procedure...
October 13, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Ronald N Gaster, J Ben Margines, David N Gaster, Xiaohui Li, Yaron S Rabinowitz
PURPOSE: To compare the visual, refractive, keratometric, topographic, and pachymetric outcomes of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for progressive keratoconus following epithelial removal by transepithelial phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) or manual debridement. METHODS: In this analysis, 339 eyes (78% male, 22% female) that had undergone CXL following manual epithelial debridement (n = 180) or ablation via PTK (n = 159) were evaluated preoperatively and at 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively for uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), maximum corneal keratometry, pachymetry, and spherical equivalent...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Paolo Vinciguerra, Vito Romano, Pietro Rosetta, Emanuela F Legrottaglie, Raffaele Piscopo, Claudia Fabiani, Claudio Azzolini, Riccardo Vinciguerra
PURPOSE: To compare 1-year transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking with iontophoresis (I-CXL) outcomes with standard CXL (S-CXL) epithelium-off for progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Forty eyes of 40 patients with progressive keratoconus were included in this comparative, prospective clinical study. Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), spherical equivalent, cylinder refraction, corneal topography, Scheimpflug tomography, aberrometry, and endothelial cell count were assessed at baseline and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months of follow-up...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Ying Wu, Lei Tian, Li-Qiang Wang, Yi-Fei Huang
This was a prospective controlled clinical trial. 48 myopia patients (96 eyes) were included in this study. After LASIK, accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (ACXL) was used for myopia treatment. During 6-month follow-up, the results of LASIK-ACXL treatment were studied and compared to the LASIK-only procedure. The results showed that no statistically significant differences in UDVA, CDVA, MRSE, K mean, pachymetry, or ECD were found between the two groups at the visit after 6 months of follow-up (all P > 0...
2016: BioMed Research International
Chandrima Paul, Subhrangshu Sengupta, Sumit Choudhury, Souvik Banerjee, Betsy L Sleath
CONTEXT: Glaucoma is the leading cause of global irreversible blindness. No recent study with adequate sample size has been carried out to estimate glaucoma prevalence in Eastern India. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the prevalence and types of glaucoma in a rural and urban East Indian population. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The Hooghly River Glaucoma Study (HRGS) is a population-based cross-sectional study from West Bengal...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Leonardo Torquetti, Carlos Arce, Jesús Merayo-Lloves, Guilherme Ferrara, Paulo Ferrara, Brenno Signorelli, Armando Signorelli
AIM: To evaluate corneal parameters measured with a dual Scheimpflug analyzer in keratoconus patients implanted with intrastromal corneal ring segments (ICRS). METHODS: Fifty eyes of 40 keratoconus patients had Ferrara ICRS implantation from November 2010 to April 2014. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), refraction, keratometry, asphericity, elevation, pachymetry, root mean square (RMS), spherical aberration and coma were studied...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ibrahim Toprak, Volkan Yaylali, Cem Yildirim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of pediatric corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) on corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), maximum keratometry (Kmax), and other Scheimpflug imaging system parameters during 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: The records of 29 eyes of 29 pediatric patients who underwent unilateral CXL treatment for progressive keratoconus were reviewed. Changes in CDVA, Kmax, anterior chamber depth, anterior chamber volume, anterior chamber angle, pupil-center pachymetry, apical pachymetry, thinnest pachymetry, corneal volume, and topographic indices (index of surface variance [ISV], index of vertical asymmetry [IVA], index of height asymmetry [IHA], keratoconus index [KI], center keratoconus index [CKI], index of height decentration [IHD], and minimum radius of curvature [Rmin]) were analyzed among baseline and 1 and 2 years after the CXL treatment...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Korine van Dijk, Marina Rodriguez-Calvo-de-Mora, Hilde van Esch, Laurence Frank, Isabel Dapena, Lamis Baydoun, Silke Oellerich, Gerrit R J Melles
PURPOSE: To monitor refractive changes after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and to determine what may influence these changes and the time point of stabilization. METHODS: From 67 pseudophakic DMEK eyes operated on for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy at a tertiary referral center, biomicroscopy, visual acuity, subjective refraction, and Scheimpflug-based corneal tomography data were obtained before and up to 2 years postoperatively. Visual acuity and changes in spherical equivalent (SE), mean anterior and posterior simulated keratometry (Km), and central pachymetry were analyzed...
September 21, 2016: Cornea
Muhammad Saim Khan, Imran Basit, Mazhar Ishaq, Tariq Shakoor, Amer Yaqub, Rana Intisar
OBJECTIVE: To determine mean change in visual acuity, central corneal thickness and symptoms in patients with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy after treatment with corneal collagen crosslinking. METHODS: This quasi experimental study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from April 2015 to Nov 2015. A total of 24 eyes of 24 patients were included in the study. Visual symptoms were graded in five grades (Grade 1-5), Grade-1 being very mild with decreased vision only while patients with all five symptoms (decreased vision, foreign body sensations, pain, watering and photophobia) were graded as Grade-5...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Sarah B Weissbart, Kristin M Hammersmith, Brandon D Ayres, Christopher J Rapuano, Parveen K Nagra, Irving M Raber, Amir A Azari
PURPOSE: Long-standing corneal edema can lead to anterior stromal scarring that may limit visual acuity following Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK). The ideal time to perform DSEK to prevent permanent changes is unclear. Our aim is to determine whether earlier DSEK is associated with improved visual outcomes. DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: Setting: Institutional. STUDY POPULATION: 120 eyes of patients who underwent DSEK for corneal edema following cataract surgery (CE)...
September 12, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Leonardo Mastropasqua, Mario Nubile
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of the procedure and the modifications of the corneal curvature and profile obtained with a novel technique of stromal-lentoid implantation in ex vivo human corneas. DESIGN: Experimental ex vivo study in human corneas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve stromal lentoids were produced by means of hyperopic femtosecond lenticule extraction (FLEx) with the VisuMax femtosecond laser (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) with a refractive power of +8...
September 15, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Lorena Romero-Diaz-de-Leon, Juan Carlos Serna-Ojeda, Alejandro Navas, Enrique O Graue-Hernández, Arturo Ramirez-Miranda
PURPOSE: To report the rate of flap-related complications in LASIK surgery performed by in-training ophthalmology residents and to analyze the risk factors for these complications. METHODS: We analyzed 273 flap dissections in 145 patients from March 2013 to February 2014. We included all LASIK surgeries performed by 32 ophthalmology residents using a Moria M2 microkeratome. All the flap-related complications were noted. Comparison between both groups with and without complications was performed with an independent Student's t-test and relative risks were calculated...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Kazem Mohammad, Nasser Karimi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the agreement among Pentacam, Orbscan and ultrasound (US) pachymetry for measurement of central corneal thickness (CCT) in thin corneas with normal topographic pattern. METHODS: We included 88 eyes of 44 refractive surgery candidates with thinnest pachymetric readings of 500 micrometers (μm) or less on Orbscan, a normal topographic pattern, no sign of keratoconus, and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 20/20. Pentacam, Orbscan and US were performed in one session by the same examiner...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Pedro Gil, Joana Pires, Rita Matos, Mariana S Cardoso, Nádia Lopes, João Matias, Manuel Mariano
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of the study was to describe and compare anterior and posterior topographic elevation maps in primary open angle glaucoma patients with functional damage staging and in healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 217 subjects were consecutively recruited, including 111 primary open angle glaucoma patients (patients), and 106 healthy individuals (controls). All patients performed Pentacam HR corneal topography. Mean anterior keratometry and anterior and posterior topographic elevation maps were compared in the central 3, 5, and 7 mm...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Xiaoyu Zhang, Ling Sun, Yingjun Chen, Meiyan Li, Mi Tian, Xingtao Zhou
The thickness of corneal pachymetry and the epithelium after accelerated (45 mW/cm(2)) transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus were assessed in this prospective case series study. Twenty-eight patients were treated for keratoconus. The mean Kmax was 56.18 ± 7.90. The thinnest point, as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), was 443.18 ± 39.75 μm. Accelerated transepithelial CXL was performed, and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corneal topography, and OCT were recorded at 1 week postoperatively as well as at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
September 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Oya Tekeli, Esra Savku, Ahmed Abdullayev
AIM: To evaluate the possible relationship of optic disc area with retina nerve fiber layer in different glaucoma subtypes. METHODS: One eye each was chosen from 45 patients with ocular hypertension, 45 patients with primary open angle glaucoma, 45 patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma and 45 healthy controls followed in our hospital. The records of the patients were reviewed retrospectively. Optic disc area and circumpapillary retina nerve fiber layer measurements were obtained using optical coherence tomography...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Neslihan Bayraktar Bilen, Ibrahim F Hepsen, Carlos G Arce
AIM: To analyze the relationship between two visual functions and refractive, topographic, pachymetric and aberrometric indicators in eyes with keratoconus. METHODS: Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), and letter contrast sensitivity (CS) were correlated with refraction, corneal topography, pachymetry, and total corneal wavefront data prospectively in 71 eyes with keratoconus. The topographic indices assessed were simulated keratometry for the flattest and steepest meridians (SimK1 and SimK2), posterior steeper K (Ks), elevation value in best-fit sphere (BFS) maps, squared eccentricity (Є(2)), aspheric asymmetric index (AAI), pachymetry, thickness progression index (TPI), the amount of pachymetric decentralization (APD), and GalileiTM-keratoconus indices...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Thomas M Müller, Itay Lavy, Lamis Baydoun, Jessica T Lie, Isabel Dapena, Gerrit R J Melles
PURPOSE: To describe a further modification of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK), using a quarter of an untrephined full-size donor Descemet membrane (DM) sheet ("Quarter-DMEK"). METHODS: A 58-year-old patient underwent Quarter-DMEK for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy in his pseudophakic right eye, with a single quadrant of a full-size, 11.5-mm-diameter DM graft. RESULTS: Best-corrected visual acuity improved from 20/50 (0.4) before surgery to 20/40 (0...
August 31, 2016: Cornea
Lamis Baydoun, Eitan Livny, Lisanne Ham, Marieke Bruinsma, Gerrit R J Melles
PURPOSE: To describe the use of 360-degree Scheimpflug imaging as a diagnostic tool for detection and documentation of subtle corneal changes preceding upcoming allograft rejection after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). METHODS: A total of 17 eyes (16 patients) were diagnosed with clinically manifest allograft rejection 2 to 42 months after DMEK. 360-degree Scheimpflug images of consecutive follow-up examinations (from 3-60 mo) of "asymptomatic" eyes before, during, and after rejection were retrospectively analyzed, to determine which abnormalities could be detected before allograft rejection became clinically manifest...
November 2016: Cornea
Sherine S Wahba, Maged M Roshdy, Rania S Elkitkat, Karim M Naguib
Purpose. To evaluate accuracy of various Keratoconus (KC) screening indices, in relation to Topographic Keratoconus (TKC) grading. Setting. Al Watany Eye Hospital, Cairo, Egypt. Methods. Data of 103 normal (group 1) and 73 KC eyes (group 2), imaged by Pentacam (branded as Allegro Oculyzer), were analysed. Group 2 was divided into 2a: 14 eyes (TKC = 1, early KC), 2b: 25 eyes (TKC = 1 to 2 or 2, moderate KC), and 2c: 34 eyes (TKC = 2 to 3 up to 4, severe KC). Participants were followed up for six years to confirm diagnosis...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"