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Accelerated CXL

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197339/refractive-topographic-and-aberrometric-results-at-2-year-follow-up-for-accelerated-corneal-cross-link-for-progressive-keratoconus
#1
Ercüment Bozkurt, Engin Bilge Ozgurhan, Betul Ilkay Sezgin Akcay, Tugba Kurt, Yusuf Yildirim, Zehra Karaagaç Günaydin, Ahmet Demirok
Purpose. To report the visual, refractive, and corneal topography and wavefront aberration results of accelerated corneal cross-linking (CXL) during a 24-month follow-up. Methods. Forty-seven eyes underwent riboflavin-ultraviolet A-induced accelerated CXL treatment (30 mW/cm(2) with a total dose of 7.2 joules/cm(2)). Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), spherical and cylindrical values, keratometry (K) measurements (Ksteep, Kflat, Kavg, and Kapex), central corneal thickness, and anterior corneal aberrometric analyses including total wavefront error (WFE), total high order aberration (HOA), astigmatism, trefoil, coma, quadrafoil, secondary astigmatism, and spherical aberration were evaluated...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192592/an-algorithm-to-predict-the-biomechanical-stiffening-effect-in-corneal-cross-linking
#2
Sabine Kling, Farhad Hafezi
PURPOSE: To develop an algorithm to predict the stiffening effect of CXL and to verify the accuracy with results obtained from experimental measurements. METHODS: The algorithm considers different variables: the reaction kinetics of riboflavin diffusion and riboflavin photodegradation to determine the effective riboflavin concentration in different stromal layers; the oxygen diffusion and ultraviolet (UV) absorption to determine the amount of reactive oxygen species as a function of time and stromal depth...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057642/accelerated-transepithelial-corneal-cross-linking-for-progressive-keratoconus-a-prospective-study-of-12%C3%A2-months
#3
Wei Aixinjueluo, Tomohiko Usui, Takashi Miyai, Tetsuya Toyono, Toshihiro Sakisaka, Satoru Yamagami
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the clinical results of accelerated transepithelial corneal cross-linking (CXL) in Japanese patients with progressive keratoconus (KCN). METHODS: Thirty eyes of 19 patients (16 male, 3 female patients) with progressive KCN were included. The mean age was 24.9±7.0 (range 16-38) years. All patients received ultraviolet A radiation for 3 min at an irradiance of 30 mW/cm(2). Patients were followed up on the first day, at 1 week and 2 weeks, and at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months postoperatively...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035498/accelerated-versus-conventional-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-patients-with-keratoconus-an-intrapatient-comparative-study
#4
Mohammad Mehdi Sadoughi, Bahram Einollahi, Alireza Baradaran-Rafii, Danial Roshandel, Hamidreza Hasani, Mehrdad Nazeri
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of the conventional and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus (KC). METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients with bilateral progressive KC were enrolled. In each patient, the fellow eyes were randomly assigned to the conventional CXL (3 mW/cm(2) for 30 min) or accelerated CXL (ACXL) (9 mW/cm(2) for 10 min) groups. Manifest refraction; uncorrected and corrected distant visual acuity; maximum and mean keratometry; corneal hysteresis and corneal resistance factor; endothelial cell density and morphology; central corneal thickness; and wavefront aberrations were measured before and 12 months after the CXL...
December 29, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009397/corneal-collagen-crosslinking-for-corneal-ectasias-a-review
#5
David P S O'Brart
PURPOSE: To review the published literature on corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL). METHODS: Importance has been placed on seminal publications, systemic reviews, meta-analyses, and randomized controlled clinical trials. Where such evidence was not available, cohort studies, case-controlled studies, and case series with follow-up greater than 12 months were examined. RESULTS: Corneal collagen crosslinking with riboflavin and ultraviolet A (UVA) 370 nm radiation appears to be capable of arresting the progression of ectatic corneal disorders, with most studies reporting significant improvements in visual, keratometric, and topographic measurements...
December 6, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007116/accelerated-corneal-collagen-crosslinking-technique-efficacy-safety-and-applications
#6
REVIEW
Carla S Medeiros, Natalia T Giacomin, Renata L Bueno, Ramon C Ghanem, Haroldo V Moraes, Marcony R Santhiago
: Corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) is an approach used to increase the biomechanical stability of the stromal tissue. Over the past 10 years, it has been used to halt the progression of ectatic diseases. According to the photochemical law of reciprocity, the same photochemical effect is achieved with reduced illumination time and correspondingly increased irradiation intensity. Several new CXL devices offer high ultraviolet-A irradiation intensity with different time settings. The main purpose of this review was to discuss the current use of different protocols of accelerated CXL and compare the efficacy and safety of accelerated CXL with the efficacy and safety of the established conventional method...
December 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990355/corneal-collagen-cross-linking-and-liposomal-amphotericin-b-combination-therapy-for-fungal-keratitis-in-rabbits
#7
Zhao-Qin Hao, Jin-Xin Song, Shi-Yin Pan, Lin Zhang, Yan Cheng, Xian-Ning Liu, Jie Wu, Xiang-Hua Xiao, Wei Gao, Hai-Feng Zhu
AIM: To observe the therapeutic effect of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in combination with liposomal amphotericin B in fungal corneal ulcers. METHODS: New Zealand rabbits were induced fungal corneal ulcers by scratching and randomly divided into 3 groups, i.e. control, treated with CXL, and combined therapy of CXL with 0.25% liposomal amphotericin B (n=5 each). The corneal lesions were documented with slit-lamp and confocal microscopy on 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28d after treatment...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775234/sterile-corneal-infiltrates-after-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-evaluation-of-risk-factors
#8
Eren Çerman, Deniz Özarslan Özcan, Ebru Toker
PURPOSE: To evaluate possible risk factors leading to sterile corneal infiltrates following corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL). METHODS: A total of 588 eyes of 459 patients treated with Epi-off (n = 461) or Epi-on (n = 127) CXL were retrospectively evaluated. Risk factors, including preoperative blepharitis and vernal conjunctivitis, the postoperative use of topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as well as Kmax and pachymetry measurements, were assessed...
October 24, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757009/corneal-endothelial-changes-after-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-keratoconus-and-postlasik-ectasia
#9
Amani E Badawi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of accelerated cross-linking (CXL) on corneal endothelium in keratoconus and postlaser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) ectasia. DESIGN: This study is a prospective nonrandomized controlled study. SETTING: This study was conducted in Mansoura Ophthalmic Center (Mansoura University) and Al-Mostakbal Ophthalmic Center, Mansoura, Egypt. METHODS: In total, 40 eyes with progressive keratoconus and 10 eyes with postLASIK ectasia were subjected to an accelerated CXL (10 mW/cm(2) for 9 minutes)...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749450/morphology-of-the-corneal-limbus-following-standard-and-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-9-mw-cm2-for-keratoconus
#10
Ömür Ö Uçakhan, Betül Bayraktutar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the morphological features of the corneal limbus as measured by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) following standard and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus. METHODS: Patients with progressive keratoconus scheduled to undergo standard CXL (group 1; 31 patients, 3 mW/cm, 370 nm, 30 minutes), or accelerated CXL (group 2; 20 patients, 9 mW/cm, 370 nm, 10 minutes) in the worse eye were included in this prospective study...
January 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678078/cross-linking-in-children-with-keratoconus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Lisa McAnena, Frank Doyle, Michael O'Keefe
Keratoconus can behave more aggressively in pediatric than in adult patients. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in children. For this study, MEDLINE(®) and Cochrane databases were searched for all studies examining the effects of standard, trans-epithelial or accelerated CXL protocols in patients age 18 years or younger. Primary outcomes were; uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) and maximum keratometry (Kmax) and secondary outcomes were; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE), central corneal thickness (CCT) and endothelial cell density (ECD)...
September 28, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597655/one-year-outcomes-of-pachymetry-and-epithelium-thicknesses-after-accelerated-45%C3%A2-mw-cm-2-transepithelial-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-keratoconus-patients
#12
Xiaoyu Zhang, Ling Sun, Yingjun Chen, Meiyan Li, Mi Tian, Xingtao Zhou
The thickness of corneal pachymetry and the epithelium after accelerated (45 mW/cm(2)) transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus were assessed in this prospective case series study. Twenty-eight patients were treated for keratoconus. The mean Kmax was 56.18 ± 7.90. The thinnest point, as assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), was 443.18 ± 39.75 μm. Accelerated transepithelial CXL was performed, and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), corneal topography, and OCT were recorded at 1 week postoperatively as well as at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months...
September 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502494/changes-in-posterior-corneal-elevations-after-combined-transepithelial-photorefractive-keratectomy-and-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-retrospective-comparative-observational-case-series
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Byoung Jin Ha, Jin Young Choi, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae-Im Kim
BACKGROUND: To compare the changes in anterior and posterior corneal elevations after combined transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) and after PRK. METHODS: Medical records of 82 eyes of 44 patients undergoing either combined transepithelial PRK and CXL (PRK-CXL group) or transepithelial PRK (PRK group) were examined retrospectively. Changes in anterior and posterior corneal elevations were calculated by fitting an 8...
August 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463624/factors-affecting-visual-acuity-after-accelerated-crosslinking-in-patients-with-progressive-keratoconus
#14
Ahmet Kırgız, Kürşat Atalay, Kübra Şerefoğlu Çabuk, Havva Kaldırım, Muhittin Taşkapılı
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to report the outcomes of patients with progressive keratoconus who were treated via accelerated crosslinking (CXL) 6 months earlier and to determine the factors that promoted improved visual acuity after treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study included 35 eyes of 34 patients with progressive keratoconus who underwent CXL. Topographical measurements were obtained preoperatively and in the first, third, and sixth months postoperatively using a rotating Scheimpflug camera...
May 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445064/accelerated-corneal-crosslinking-for-treatment-of-progressive-keratoconus-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Döndü Melek Ulusoy, Emre Göktaş, Necati Duru, Ayşe Özköse, Mustafa Ataş, İsa Yuvacı, Hasan Basri Arifoğlu, Gökmen Zararsız
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of accelerated corneal crosslinking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus aged 18 years or less. METHODS: A total of 28 eyes from 19 patients with progressive keratoconus aged 18 years or less were enrolled. We divided participants into 2 groups according to corneal thickness (CT). Group 1 included 13 eyes of 8 patients with CT ≥450 µm; group 2 included 15 eyes of 11 patients with CT <450 µm. Each participant underwent accelerated CXL using 10-minute ultraviolet A irradiance at 9 mW/cm2 for a total energy dose of 5...
July 20, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429089/one-year-follow-up-of-changes-in-corneal-densitometry-after-accelerated-45-mw-cm2-transepithelial-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-keratoconus-a-retrospective-study
#16
Yang Shen, Weijun Jian, Ling Sun, Meng Li, Tian Han, Jooyeon Son, Xingtao Zhou
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to investigate changes in corneal densitometry after accelerated transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (ATE-CXL) for patients with progressive keratoconus (KC). METHODS: Seventeen progressive KC patients who underwent ATE-CXL (KC group) were examined and compared against 17 non-KC myopes (control group). For the KC group, corneal topography and densitometry were evaluated preoperatively and at 1, 6, and 12 months postoperatively...
November 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249007/transepithelial-high-intensity-cross-linking-for-the-treatment-of-progressive-keratoconus-2-year-outcomes
#17
Muhammet Bahattin Kır, Kemal Türkyılmaz, Veysi Öner
PURPOSE: To report 2-year outcomes of transepithelial high-intensity cross-linking (CXL) procedure in the treatment of patients with progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Forty-eight eyes of 48 consecutive progressive keratoconus patients who underwent transepithelial accelerated CXL procedure were enrolled in the study. Each patient underwent pre- and postoperative comprehensive ophthalmologic examinations including determination of refractive error as spherical equivalent (SE) and corrected distant visual acuity (CDVA), slit lamp biomicroscopic examination, fundoscopy, and a detailed analysis on a Scheimplug+Placido device (Sirius, CSO, Florence, Italy)...
January 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221268/confocal-microscopy-evaluation-of-stromal-fluorescence-intensity-after-standard-and-accelerated-iontophoresis-assisted-corneal-cross-linking
#18
Manuela Lanzini, Claudia Curcio, Eberhard Spoerl, Roberta Calienno, Alessandra Mastropasqua, Martina Colasante, Rodolfo Mastropasqua, Mario Nubile, Leonardo Mastropasqua
The aim of this study is to determine modifications in stromal fluorescence intensity after different corneal cross-linking (CXL) procedures and to correlate stromal fluorescence to corneal biomechanical resistance. For confocal microscopy study, 15 human cadaver corneas were examined. Three served as control (group 1), three were just soaked with iontophoresis procedure (group 2), three were treated with standard epi-off technique (group 3), and six underwent iontophoresis imbibition. Three of later six were irradiated for 30 min with 3 mW/cm(2) UVA (group 4) and three for 9 min at 10 mW/cm(2) UVA (group 5)...
February 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216990/comparison-of-aqueous-humor-nitric-oxide-levels-after-different-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-methods
#19
Nilay Yuksel, Ummuhani Ozel-Turkcu, Duygu Yalinbas, Sahin Novruzlu, Ayse Bilgihan, Kamil Bilgihan
PURPOSE: Nitric oxide production can cause either apoptotic or necrotic cell death through oxidative stress. We aimed to investigate the nitrite oxide metabolites (NOx) and nitrite levels in the aqueous humor of rabbit eyes after different methods of corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four eyes of 12 adult New Zealand rabbits were used. They were assigned into four groups, each including six eyes. Group 1 (control) consisted of eyes with no treatment...
December 2016: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171133/tear-function-and-ocular-surface-alterations-after-accelerated-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-in-progressive-keratoconus
#20
Emine Kalkan Akçay, Aydan Kilicarslan, Betul Seher Uysal, Gozde Hondur, Pinar Kosekahya, Hasan Altinkaynak, Nurullah Cagil
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the alterations in the ocular surface and tear film parameters 3 months after accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (A-CXL) in progressive keratoconus (KC) patients. METHODS: Twenty-six patients (33 eyes total) with progressive KC were enrolled in this study. All patients were subjected to ophthalmic surface examination, such as OSDI (ocular surface disease index) scoring, the osmolarity tear test, Schirmer test, tear film breakup time (TBUT) analysis, rose bengal (RB) and fluorescein (Fl) ocular surface staining, and conjunctival impression cytology (IC) analysis, respectively...
May 11, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
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