keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cancer and strength

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814614/role-of-inactivity-in-chronic-diseases-evolutionary-insight-and-pathophysiological-mechanisms
#1
REVIEW
Frank W Booth, Christian K Roberts, John P Thyfault, Gregory N Ruegsegger, Ryan G Toedebusch
This review proposes that physical inactivity could be considered a behavior selected by evolution for resting, and also selected to be reinforcing in life-threatening situations in which exercise would be dangerous. Underlying the notion are human twin studies and animal selective breeding studies, both of which provide indirect evidence for the existence of genes for physical inactivity. Approximately 86% of the 325 million in the United States (U.S.) population achieve less than the U.S. Government and World Health Organization guidelines for daily physical activity for health...
October 1, 2017: Physiological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814275/randomized-study-comparing-full-dose-monotherapy-s-1-followed-by-irinotecan-and-reduced-dose-combination-therapy-s-1-oxaliplatin-followed-by-s-1-irinotecan-as-initial-therapy-for-older-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-nordic-9
#2
Stine Braendegaard Winther, Pia Österlund, Åke Berglund, Bengt Glimelius, Camilla Qvortrup, Halfdan Sorbye, Per Pfeiffer
BACKGROUND: Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is a disease of older age, but there is a relative lack of knowledge about effects of chemotherapy in older patients as they are under-represented in clinical trials. Little data can guide whether the strategy in older mCRC patients should be a sequential full-dose monotherapy chemotherapy approach or a dose-reduced combination chemotherapy approach. The oral 5FU prodrug S-1 seems to have less side effects than capecitabine and should be an optimal drug for older patients, but few data are available...
August 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811991/systematic-review-of-the-outcomes-of-surgical-treatment-of-prostate-metastases-to-the-spine
#3
REVIEW
Michelle J Clarke, Camilo A Molina, Daryl R Fourney, Charles G Fisher, Ziya L Gokaslan, Meic H Schmidt, Laurence D Rhines, Michael G Fehlings, Ilya Laufer, Shreyaskumar R Patel, Y Raja Rampersaud, Jeremy Reynolds, Dean Chou, Chetan Bettegowda, Ehud Mendel, Michael H Weber, Daniel M Sciubba
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVE: Surgical decompression and reconstruction of symptomatic spinal metastases has improved the quality of life in cancer patients. However, most data has been collected on cohorts of patients with mixed tumor histopathology. We systematically reviewed the literature for prognostic factors specific to the surgical treatment of prostate metastases to the spine. METHODS: A systemic review of the literature was conducted to answer the following questions: Question 1...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810062/the-association-between-patient-attitudes-and-values-and-the-strength-of-consideration-for-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-in-a-population-based-sample-of-breast-cancer-patients
#4
Sarah T Hawley, Kent A Griffith, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Monica Morrow, Nancy K Janz, Steven J Katz, Reshma Jagsi
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how the individual decision styles and values of breast cancer patients at the time of treatment decision making are associated with the consideration of different treatment options and specifically with the consideration of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM). METHODS: Newly diagnosed patients with early-stage breast cancer who were treated in 2013-2014 were identified through the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries of Los Angeles and Georgia and were surveyed approximately 7 months after surgery (n = 2578; response rate, 71%)...
August 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808840/comparison-of-health-state-values-derived-from-patients-and-individuals-from-the-general-population
#5
Mihir Gandhi, Ru San Tan, Raymond Ng, Su Pin Choo, Whay Kuang Chia, Chee Keong Toh, Carolyn Lam, Phong Teck Lee, Nang Khaing Zar Latt, Kim Rand-Hendriksen, Yin Bun Cheung, Nan Luo
PURPOSE: Utility values are critical for cost-utility analyses that guide healthcare decisions. We aimed to compare the utility values of the 5-level EuroQoL-5Dimension (EQ-5D-5L) health states elicited from members of the general public and patients with heart disease or cancer. METHODS: In face-to-face interviews with 157 heart disease patients, 169 cancer patients, and 169 members from the general population, participants valued 10 EQ-5D-5L health states using a composite Time Trade-Off method...
August 14, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808214/association-of-three-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-esr1with-breast-cancer-susceptibility-a-meta-analysis
#6
Xu Hu, Linfei Jiang, Chenhui Tang, Yuehong Ju, Li Jiu, Yongyue Wei, Li Guo, Yang Zhao
Expression of estrogen receptors is correlated with breast cancer risk, but inconsistent results have been reported. To clarify potential estrogen receptor (ESR)-related breast cancer risk, we analyzed genetic variants ofESR1 in association with breast cancer susceptibility. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between rs2234693, rs1801132, and rs2046210 (single nucleotide polymorphisms ofESR1), and breast cancer risk. Our analysis included 44 case-control studies. For rs2234693, the CC genotype had a higher risk of breast cancer compared to the TT or CT genotype...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803675/the-yale-fitness-intervention-trial-in-female-cancer-survivors-cardiovascular-and-physiological-outcomes
#7
M Tish Knobf, Sangchoon Jeon, Barbara Smith, Lyndsay Harris, Siobhan Thompson, Mitchel R Stacy, Karl Insogna, Albert J Sinusas
BACKGROUND: Induced premature menopause and cardio-toxic therapy increase cardiovascular disease risk in female cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a 12 month aerobic-resistance fitness center intervention to home based physical activity on cardiovascular function and metabolic risk factors. METHODS: Subjects (N = 154) who had completed primary and/or adjuvant chemotherapy (past 3 years) were randomized to a fitness center intervention or a home based group...
August 10, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798823/radical-cystectomy-in-patients-with-disseminated-disease-an-assessment-of-perioperative-outcomes-using-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database
#8
Christopher Wallis, Suneil Khana, Mohammad Hajiha, Robert K Nam, Raj Satkunasivam
INTRODUCTION: We sought to determine the effect of the presence of disseminated disease on perioperative outcomes following radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. METHODS: We identified 4108 eligible patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database. We matched patients with disseminated cancer at the time of surgery to those without disseminated cancer using propensity scores...
August 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794641/mdm2-promoter-del1518-polymorphism-and-cancer-risk-evidence-from-22-931-subjects
#9
Wenfeng Hua, Anqi Zhang, Ping Duan, Jinhong Zhu, Yuan Zhao, Jing He, Zhi Zhang
Studies have shown that single-nucleotide polymorphisms in MDM2 gene may play important roles in the development of malignant tumor. The association of del1518 polymorphism (rs3730485) in the MDM2 promoter with cancer susceptibility has been extensively studied; however, the results are contradictory. To quantify the association between this polymorphism and overall cancer risk, we conducted a meta-analysis with 12,905 cases and 10,026 controls from 16 eligible studies retrieved from PubMed, Embase, and Chinese Biomedical (CBM) databases...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794017/differential-recruitment-of-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-complexes-regulates-ret-isoform-internalization
#10
Brandy D Hyndman, Mathieu J F Crupi, Susan Peng, Leslie N Bone, Aisha N Rekab, Eric Y Lian, Simona M Wagner, Costin N Antonescu, Lois M Mulligan
The RET receptor tyrosine kinase is implicated in normal development and cancer. RET is expressed as two isoforms, RET9 and RET51, with unique C-terminal tail sequences that recruit distinct protein complexes to mediate signals. Upon activation, RET isoforms are internalized with distinct kinetics, suggesting differences in regulation. Here, we demonstrate that RET9 and RET51 differ in their abilities to recruit E3-ubiquitin ligases to their unique C-termini. RET51, but not RET9, interacts with, and is ubiquitinated by CBL, which is recruited through interactions with the GRB2 adaptor protein...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793831/deciphering-the-crucial-molecular-properties-of-a-series-of-benzothiazole-hydrazone-inhibitors-that-targets-anti-apoptotic-bcl-xl-protein
#11
Parthiban Marimuthu, Pavithra K Balasubramanian, Kalaimathy Singaravelu
The Bcl-2 family proteins are the central regulators of apoptosis. Due to its predominant role in cancer progression, the Bcl-2 family proteins act as attractive therapeutic targets. Recently,molecular series of BenzothiazoleHydrazone(BH) inhibitorsthat exhibits drug-likenesscharacteristics,whichselectivelytargets Bcl-xLhave been reported.In the present study,dockingwas used toexplore the plausible binding mode of the highly active BH inhibitorwith Bcl-xL;and Molecular Dynamics(MD) simulation wasapplied toinvestigate the stability of predicted conformationover time...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777295/soymilk-improves-muscle-weakness-in-young-ovariectomized-female-mice
#12
Yuriko Kitajima, Shizuka Ogawa, Shintaro Egusa, Yusuke Ono
Estrogens play a key role in an extensive range of physiological functions in various types of tissues throughout the body in females. We previously showed that estrogen insufficiency caused muscle weakness that could be rescued by estrogen administration in a young female ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model. However, long-term estrogen replacement therapy increases risks of breast cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Soymilk contains plant-based protein and isoflavones that exert estrogen-like activity. Here we examined the effects of prolonged soymilk intake on muscle and its resident stem cells, called satellite cells, in the estrogen-insufficient model...
August 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774788/does-psychological-resilience-buffer-against-the-link-between-the-5-httlpr-polymorphism-and-depression-following-stress
#13
Christopher F Sharpley, David R H Christie, Vicki Bitsika, Nicholas M Andronicos, Linda L Agnew, Mary E McMillan
The comparative strength of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism as a 'predictor' of depression after major stress, versus the 'protective' effect of psychological resilience (PR) against depression after major stress, was tested in a homogeneous sample of older men who had all received a diagnosis and treatment for prostate cancer. Results supported the association between PR and lower depression after stress, but did not support the association between the 5-HTTLPR and elevated depression after stress. Examination of PR at scale, factor, and item level identified the specific PR-related behaviour that was the most powerful predictor of low depression...
July 31, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770449/randomized-trial-of-vitamin-d3-to-prevent-worsening-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-in-women-with-breast-cancer-receiving-adjuvant-letrozole-the-vital-trial
#14
Qamar J Khan, Bruce F Kimler, Pavan S Reddy, Priyanka Sharma, Jennifer R Klemp, Jennifer L Nydegger, Hung-Wen Yeh, Carol J Fabian
PURPOSE: Aromatase inhibitor-associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS) frequently occur in women being treated for breast cancer. Prior studies suggest high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in breast cancer patients with musculoskeletal (MS) pain. We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine if 30,000 IU vitamin D3 per week (VitD3) would prevent worsening of AIMSS in women starting adjuvant letrozole for breast cancer. METHODS: Women with stage I-III breast cancer starting adjuvant letrozole and 25(OH)D level ≤40 ng/ml were eligible...
August 2, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767431/correlation-between-protein-kinase-catalytic-subunit-alpha-1-gene-rs13361707-polymorphism-and-gastric-cancer-susceptibility-in-asian-populations
#15
Jianfeng Ni, Nan Shen, Jilei Tang, Kewei Ren
A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha-1 gene (PRKAA1) that confers susceptibility to gastric cancer (GC) was identified by genome-wide association in several case-control studies. However, the results remained controversial and ambiguous. Therefore, we performed a larger meta-analysis to confirm this association. We searched the PubMed, Embase, WanFang, and CNKI databases, without any restriction on language, covering all papers published until Feb 22, 2017. Overall, 14 case-control studies with 14,485 cases and 14,792 controls were retrieved based on the search criteria...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766850/efficacy-of-a-novel-swallowing-exercise-program-for-chronic-dysphagia-in-long-term-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#16
Sophie A C Kraaijenga, Lisette van der Molen, Martijn M Stuiver, Robert P Takes, Abrahim Al-Mamgani, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Frans J M Hilgers
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of rehabilitative exercises for chronic dysphagia treatment in head and neck cancer survivors has not been studied extensively and is ambiguous. METHODS: A prospective clinical phase II study using an intensive strength training program was carried out in 17 head and neck cancer survivors with chronic dysphagia. Both swallow and nonswallow exercises were performed for 6-8 weeks with a newly developed tool allowing for progressive muscle overload, including chin tuck, jaw opening, and effortful swallow exercises...
August 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766171/cisplatin-and-cisplatin-analogues-perfusion-through-isolated-rat-heart-the-effects-of-acute-application-on-oxidative-stress-biomarkers
#17
Isidora M Stojic, Vladimir I Zivkovic, Ivan M Srejovic, Tamara R Nikolic, Nevena S Jeremic, Jovana N Jeremic, Dragan M Djuric, Nemanja Jovicic, Katarina G Radonjic, Zivadin D Bugarcic, Vladimir L J Jakovljevic, Slobodan S Novokmet
Drug-induced oxidative stress can occur in numerous tissues and organ systems (liver, kidney, ear, nervous system, and cardiovascular system). Cancer therapy with cisplatin is associated with side effects to which oxidative stress may contribute. We have compared the influences of cisplatin (reference compound) and its' analogues (dichloro(1,2-diaminocyclohexane)platinum(II) and chloro(2,2':6',2″-terpyridine)platinum(II)) in a model of isolated rat heart using the Langendorff technique. The production of oxidative stress biomarkers, antioxidant enzymes, myocardial damage, and expression of Bax, OH-1, and SODs were studied...
August 1, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765474/mucosal-microbiome-dysbiosis-in-gastric-carcinogenesis
#18
Olabisi Oluwabukola Coker, Zhenwei Dai, Yongzhan Nie, Guijun Zhao, Lei Cao, Geicho Nakatsu, William Kk Wu, Sunny Hei Wong, Zigui Chen, Joseph J Y Sung, Jun Yu
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to characterise the microbial changes associated with histological stages of gastric tumourigenesis. DESIGN: We performed 16S rRNA gene analysis of gastric mucosal samples from 81 cases including superficial gastritis (SG), atrophic gastritis (AG), intestinal metaplasia (IM) and gastric cancer (GC) from Xi'an, China, to determine mucosal microbiome dysbiosis across stages of GC. We validated the results in mucosal samples of 126 cases from Inner Mongolia, China...
August 1, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765175/e-selectin-mediated-rolling-facilitates-pancreatic-cancer-cell-adhesion-to-hyaluronic-acid
#19
Daniel J Shea, Yi W Li, Kathleen J Stebe, Konstantinos Konstantopoulos
Tumor cell extravasation is a multistep process preceded by cell rolling and arrest on the vessel wall via the formation of specific receptor-ligand bonds. The strength, availability, and number of receptor-ligand bonds regulate the rate by which tumor cells tether, roll, and adhere to vascular walls. Although the mechanics of selectin-mediated rolling have been extensively studied, little is known regarding how tumor cell rolling on selectins facilitates adhesion to a distinct substrate-bound protein with different kinetic properties...
August 1, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764808/association-between-mpo-463g%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-polymorphism-and-cancer-risk-evidence-from-60-case-control-studies
#20
REVIEW
Wen-Jun Yang, Ming-Yue Wang, Fu-Ze Pan, Chen Shi, Hong Cen
BACKGROUND: Though a number of studies have been conducted to explore the association between myeloperoxidase (MPO)-463G > A polymorphism and cancer risk, the results remain inconsistent. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to derive a more systematic estimation of this relationship. METHOD: Relevant studies were searched by PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, Google Scholar, Ovid, and Cochrane library prior to December 2015. The strength of the association between MPO-463G > A polymorphism and cancer risk was estimated by odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95%CI)...
August 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
keyword
keyword
104435
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"