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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675865/allergen-immunotherapy-in-people-dogs-cats-and-horses-differences-similarities-and-research-needs
#1
R S Mueller, E Jensen-Jarolim, F Roth-Walter, E Marti, J Janda, A A Seida, D DeBoer
In human patients with seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis sensitized to grass pollen, the first successful allergen immunotherapy (AIT) was reported in 1911. Today, immunotherapy is an accepted treatment for allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis and hypersensitivities to insect venom. AIT is also used for atopic dermatitis and recently for food allergy. Subcutaneous, epicutaneous, intralymphatic, oral and sublingual protocols of AIT exist. In animals, most data are available in dogs where subcutaneous AIT is an accepted treatment for atopic dermatitis...
April 19, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667465/association-of-serum-specific-ige-levels-with-asthma-in-autumn-pollen-induced-allergic-rhinitis-a-retrospective-analysis
#2
Le Cui Md, Jia Yin Md
BACKGROUND: Artemisia and Humulus pollen are the two most important aeroallergens of autumn allergies in North China. Cross-sectional data in 2001 have shown that allergic rhinitis often preceded or occurred at the same time as asthma in patients with autumn pollinosis in North China. OBJECTIVE: We used this cross-sectional data to investigate the association of serum specific IgE (sIgE) levels to Humulus and/or Artemisia pollen with the onset of asthma in patients with autumn pollen-induced allergic rhinitis...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649224/seasonal-asthma-in-melbourne-australia-and-some-observations-on-the-occurrence-of-thunderstorm-asthma-and-its-predictability
#3
Jeremy D Silver, Michael F Sutherland, Fay H Johnston, Edwin R Lampugnani, Michael A McCarthy, Stephanie J Jacobs, Alexandre B Pezza, Edward J Newbigin
We examine the seasonality of asthma-related hospital admissions in Melbourne, Australia, in particular the contribution and predictability of episodic thunderstorm asthma. Using a time-series ecological approach based on asthma admissions to Melbourne metropolitan hospitals, we identified seasonal peaks in asthma admissions that were centred in late February, June and mid-November. These peaks were most likely due to the return to school, winter viral infections and seasonal allergies, respectively. We performed non-linear statistical regression to predict daily admission rates as functions of the seasonal cycle, weather conditions, reported thunderstorms, pollen counts and air quality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620294/-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#4
Igor Salvadé, Laura Moi, Camillo Ribi, François Spertini
Allergic diseases are currently amongst the most frequent diseases of our time. Of all the allergies in the Western countries, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is the most common. Its diagnosis is based mainly on the history and the correlation between symptoms and contact with the allergen. A step-by-step approach helps optimize diagnostic resources and minimize costs.
April 4, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603916/phase-1-pharmacokinetics-and-phase-3-efficacy-of-testosterone-nasal-gel-in-subjects-with-seasonal-allergies
#5
Alan D Rogol, Natalia Tkachenko, Philipp Badorrek, Jens M Hohlfeld, Nathan Bryson
INTRODUCTION: NATESTO® testosterone nasal gel (TNG) is a liquid gel that is applied in the nose for the treatment of male hypogonadism. There is a reasonable concern that administration of TNG to patients with active rhinitis could modify absorption. Results from two clinical studies are reported wherein subjects with allergic rhinitis (AR) subjects are treated with TNG. METHODS: The 24-hour pharmacokinetics (PK) and relative bioavailability of serum total testosterone (sTT) from TNG (11 mg tid ) were determined using a phase 1 Latin-square design with 18 eugonadal AR subjects crossed over between asymptomatic, symptomatic-untreated, and symptomatic-treated (oxymetazoline) conditions...
March 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577619/cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-vitamin-d-in-food-allergy
#6
REVIEW
Ashlyn Poole, Yong Song, Helen Brown, Prue H Hart, Guicheng Brad Zhang
Food allergies are becoming increasingly prevalent, especially in young children. Epidemiological evidence from the past decade suggests a role of vitamin D in food allergy pathogenesis. Links have been made between variations in sunlight exposure, latitude, birth season and vitamin D status with food allergy risk. Despite the heightened interest in vitamin D in food allergies, it remains unclear by which exact mechanism(s) it acts. An understanding of the roles vitamin D plays within the immune system at the cellular and genetic levels, as well as the interplay between the microbiome and vitamin D, will provide insight into the importance of the vitamin in food allergies...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574559/how-do-storms-affect-asthma
#7
REVIEW
Gennaro D'Amato, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Adriano Vaghi, Lorenzo Cecchi, Maria D'Amato
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are observations in various geographical areas that thunderstorms occurring during pollen seasons can induce severe asthma attacks in pollinosis patients. RECENT FINDINGS: An accredited hypothesis explaining the association between thunderstorms and asthma suggests that storms can concentrate pollen grains at ground level, which may then release allergenic particles of respirable size in the atmosphere after their imbibition of water and rupture by osmotic shock...
March 24, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551533/immunotherapy-with-the-sq-tree-slit-tablet-in-adults-and-adolescents-with-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis
#8
Mika J Mäkelä, Pär Gyllfors, Erkka Valovirta, Maria A Steffensen, Pernille M Grønager, Johannes Savolainen, Lone Winther
PURPOSE: The SQ tree sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT)-tablet containing allergen extracts with the major allergen Bet v 1 from birch pollen is currently being developed for the treatment of tree pollen-induced allergic rhinitis/conjunctivitis with or without asthma. The aim of this Phase II trial was to investigate the dose-related efficacy and safety of the SQ tree SLIT-tablet. METHODS: This study was a randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-national trial conducted in Europe...
March 15, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526025/sensitivity-to-house-dust-mite-allergens-and-prevalence-of-allergy-causing-house-dust-mite-species-in-pothwar-pakistan
#9
Rubaba Hamid Shafique, Shamim Akhter, Shahid Abbas, Muhammad Ismail
This study is the first report on the epidemiological status of house dust mite (HDM) allergy in Pothwar, Pakistan. Allergy data of 2087 symptomatic patients were obtained, of whom 1706 (81.7%) patients were skin-prick-test positive for HDM allergens. This percentage was significantly higher than for pollen and food allergens. In the results of this study Dermatophagoides farinae (61%) and D. pteronyssinus (29%) were the predominant species in the study area. Besides these pyroglyphids, predatory Cheyletus sp...
March 10, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525489/identification-of-cha-o-3-homolog-cry-j-4-from-cryptomeria-japonica-japanese-cedar-pollen-limitation-of-the-present-japanese-cedar-specific-asit
#10
Toshihiro Osada, Yuki Tanaka, Akira Yamada, Eiji Sasaki, Teruhiro Utsugi
BACKGROUND: About one-third of the Japanese population suffers from Japanese cedar pollinosis, which is frequently accompanied by Japanese cypress pollinosis. Recently, a novel major Japanese cypress pollen allergen, Cha o 3, was discovered. However, whether a Cha o 3 homolog is present in Japanese cedar pollen remains to be determined. METHODS: Western blot analysis was performed using Cha o 3-specific antiserum. In addition, cloning of the gene encoding Cry j 4 was conducted using total cDNA from the male flower of Japanese cedar trees...
March 7, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520147/a-10-year-retrospective-study-of-alterative-aeroallergens-sensitization-spectrum-in-urban-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#11
Li-Fen Yang, Liang-Ming Cai, Ming Li, Jin-Tao Liu, Zhao-Ni Wang, Wei-Hao Wang, Qin-Tai Yang, Zhuang-Gui Chen
Objective: To investigate the alterative spectrum and trends of aeroallergens sensitization in children with allergic rhinitis (AR) in Guangzhou, China in the past 10 years. Participants and methods: In this retrospective study, 4,111 children with complaints of nasal hyper-reactivity who visited the Pediatric Department and/or Otolaryngology Department from January 2007 to November 2016 were enrolled. Serum specific immunoglobulin E was measured and positive detection was made in 3,328 patients, who were, therefore, diagnosed with AR...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473137/assessing-associations-between-indoor-environment-and-health-symptoms-in-romanian-school-children-an-analysis-of-data-from-the-sinphonie-project
#12
Jillian R Palumbo, Shao Lin, Ziqiang Lin, Iulia A Neamtiu, Wangjian Zhang, Eva Csobod, Eugen S Gurzau
School environment may have an impact on children's health, but few studies have focused on indoor comfort factors such as temperature, humidity, and noise in relation with potential effects on children's health. Our cross-sectional study used data from the European Schools Indoor Pollution and Health Observatory Network in Europe (SINPHONIE) project to assess children's allergy, asthma-like symptoms, and flu-like symptoms in relation with classroom comfort and environmental factors. The study used self-reported data from three questionnaires to identify classroom conditions and student health outcomes for 280 students...
February 22, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447897/pattern-of-allergic-rhinitis-among-children-in-ekiti-nigeria
#13
Waheed Atilade Adegbiji, Gabriel Toye Olajide, Anthony Oyebanji Olajuyin, Shuaib Kayode Aremu, Akanbi Ganiyu Olusola
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a chronic and recurrent nasal condition. It is often neglected in children with late presentation. This study aimed at determining the prevalence, sociodemographic features, comorbid illnesses, complications and quality of life in children with allergic rhinitis in the study institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective hospital based study of children with allergic rhinitis in Ekiti state university teaching hospital, Ado Ekiti...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446469/clinical-trials-in-allergen-immunotherapy-current-concepts-and-future-needs
#14
REVIEW
O Pfaar, M Alvaro, V Cardona, E Hamelmann, R Mösges, J Kleine-Tebbe
Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is a safe, effective treatment for allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and allergic asthma. However, AIT's clinical effect is still contested - primarily due to heterogeneity in clinical trial designs, study populations, therapeutic formulations and efficacy criteria. After discussing current concepts and unmet needs, an international panel of experts made several recommendations: (i) explore and validate definitions for [clinical] responders in AIT-trials; (ii) use of well-documented, standardized provocation tests prior to inclusion of subjects with relevant diseases in AIT trials; (iii) monitoring neo-sensitizations and occurrence of new allergy in extended AIT trials, and exclusion of polyallergic participants; (iv) validation of allergen exposure chambers with regard to natural exposure; (v) in studies of seasonal allergies, focus on peak exposure but also consider organising two parallel, geographically distinct but otherwise identical trials; (vi) discuss adaptive trial designs with the regulatory authorities; (vii) use e-health and m-health technologies to capture more information on individual exposure to allergens; (viii) initiate research on potential psychological, biochemical, immune, neural and even genomic markers of the placebo response; (ix) identify trial designs and primary endpoints that will give children with allergies easier, faster access to AIT formulations; and (x) promote and apply standardized methods for reporting systemic and local adverse events...
February 15, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434271/adherence-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-and-children-during-3-years-of-slit-treatment-with-grazax-a-real-life-study
#15
Hampus Kiotseridis, Peter Arvidsson, Vibeke Backer, Vagn Braendholt, Alf Tunsäter
Respiratory allergic disease represents a global health problem, 30% of the population suffers from allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and 20% suffer from asthma. Allergy immunotherapy induce immunological tolerance and thereby modify the response to allergens and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) offers the possibility of home administration of allergen therapy, but adherence is more uncertain. The aim of the study was to investigate the adherence with GRAZAX in adults and children ≥ 5 years during three consecutive years of treatment...
February 12, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433792/clinical-characteristics-of-influenza-virus-induced-lower-respiratory-infection-during-the-2015-to-2016-season
#16
Kazuhiro Uda, Kensuke Shoji, Chitose Koyama-Wakai, Munehiro Furuichi, Noriyasu Iwase, Seiichiro Fujisaki, Shinji Watanabe, Isao Miyairi
BACKGROUND: Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infections often manifest severe respiratory symptoms, particularly in patients with a past history of allergic disease. Most of these findings were reported during the 2009 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to detail the clinical characteristics of influenza virus-induced lower respiratory infection (LRI) during the A(H1N1)pdm09-predominant 2015-2016 season. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical characteristics of influenza-induced LRI cases in children admitted to a tertiary children's hospital...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422821/twenty-years-observation-of-subcutaneous-pollen-allergoid-immunotherapy-efficacy-in-adults
#17
Andrzej Bożek, Izabella Krupa-Borek, Jerzy Jarzab
Introduction: It is valuable to determine the long-term efficacy of allergen-specific immunotherapy (SIT) and whether it can cure allergy. Aim: For this study, patients were prospectively observed for 20 years after completion of SIT to determine its effectiveness. Material and methods: A total of 1006 patients who underwent SIT for pollen allergy were observed for 20 years to assess the efficacy of SIT. The rhinitis symptom score (RSS) and asthma symptom score (ASS) were measured after SIT completion...
December 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402620/monitoring-of-mycoflora-in-outdoor-air-of-different-localities-of-ahvaz-iran
#18
M Fatahinia, A Zarei-Mahmoudabadi, H Shokri, H Ghaymi
INTRODUCTION: Airborne fungi are considered important causes of respiratory allergy and diseases. The knowledge of these fungi in a city or region is important for the ecological diagnosis and specific treatment of respiratory manifestations induced by inhalation of fungal agents. Therefore, in recent years bioaerosols and their density in the air is highly regarded. Identifying fungi with common mycological methods as well as molecular about 5% of people are prone to allergic symptoms of the respiratory tract caused by molds during their lives...
February 2, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379542/clinical-and-immunological-effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-during-the-pollen-season-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis
#19
Joanna Jerzyńska, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Błażej Rychlik, Paweł Majak, Daniela Podlecka, Katarzyna Woicka-Kolejwa, Iwona Stelmach
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency has been proposed as a potential contributing factor in patients with allergic diseases. We compared the clinical and immunological effects of vitamin D supplementation to placebo during the pollen season in children with allergic rhinitis. Material and methods: Thirty-eight children aged 5-12, sensitive to grass pollen, participated in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Children received either vitamin D 1000 IU daily supplementation or placebo...
January 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361332/safety-and-efficacy-of-immunotherapy-with-the-recombinant-b-cell-epitope-based-grass-pollen-vaccine-bm32
#20
Verena Niederberger, Angela Neubauer, Philippe Gevaert, Mihaela Zidarn, Margitta Worm, Werner Aberer, Hans Jørgen Malling, Oliver Pfaar, Ludger Klimek, Wolfgang Pfützner, Johannes Ring, Ulf Darsow, Natalija Novak, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Julia Eckl-Dorna, Margarete Focke-Tejkl, Milena Weber, Hans-Helge Müller, Joachim Klinger, Frank Stolz, Nora Breit, Rainer Henning, Rudolf Valenta
BACKGROUND: BM32 is a grass pollen allergy vaccine based on recombinant fusion proteins consisting of nonallergenic peptides from the IgE-binding sites of the 4 major grass pollen allergens and the hepatitis B preS protein. OBJECTIVE: We sought to study the safety and clinical efficacy of immunotherapy (allergen immunotherapy) with BM32 in patients with grass pollen-induced rhinitis and controlled asthma. METHODS: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter allergen immunotherapy field study was conducted for 2 grass pollen seasons...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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