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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881942/allergic-rhinitis-bronchial-asthma-and-other-allergies-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-unnoticed-issue
#1
Andrzej Bożek, Piotr Bednarski, Jerzy Jarzab
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases are becoming more prevalent in elderly patients. Allergic diseases have been observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The prevalence of atopic bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis was analyzed in such elderly Polish population. AIM: Analysis of the presence of allergic diseases in the patients with AD in Poland, including asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and atopic dermatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The recruitment of subjects with AD was conducted at 6 sites representative of Polish rural and urban areas, and 1060 subjects with a mean age of 69...
October 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874202/defining-pollen-exposure-times-for-clinical-trials-of-allergen-immunotherapy-for-pollen-induced-rhinoconjunctivitis-an-eaaci-position-paper
#2
O Pfaar, K Bastl, U Berger, J Buters, M A Calderon, B Clot, U Darsow, P Demoly, S R Durham, C Galán, R Gehrig, R Gerth van Wijk, L Jacobsen, L Klimek, M Sofiev, M Thibaudon, K C Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Clinical efficacy of pollen allergen immunotherapy has been broadly documented in randomized controlled trials. The underlying clinical endpoints are analysed in seasonal time periods pre-defined on the basis of the background pollen concentration. However, any validated or generally accepted definition from academia or regulatory authorities for this relevant pollen-exposure intensity or period of time (season) is currently not available. Therefore, this Task Force initiative of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) aimed to propose definitions based on expert-consensus...
November 22, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866183/resolution-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-reactive-bronchospasm-with-supplements-and-food-specific-immunoglobulin-g-elimination-a-case-report
#3
Laura Kwiatkowski, Jessica Mitchell, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Allergies are a common affliction, whether they are respiratory, food related, or dermatological. People often resort to continuous use of over-the-counter medications, such as antihistamines, to manage their symptoms. Controversy still remains over testing serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G to diagnose food allergies. Objective • This study intended to examine the benefits of treatment of a pediatric patient with natural supplements and an elimination diet for IgG food allergies. Design • The research team reported a case study...
October 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857833/design-formulation-and-physicochemical-evaluation-of-montelukast-orally-disintegrating-tablet
#4
Abolfazl Aslani, Maryam Beigi
BACKGROUND: Orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) are a modern form of tablets that when placed in the oral cavity, disperses rapidly. These tablets have advantages, particularly good applications for children and old patients who have a complication in chewing or swallowing solid dosage forms. The aim of this study was to design, formulate, and evaluate the physicochemical properties of 5 mg montelukast ODTs for the prevention of asthma and seasonal allergies. METHODS: Formulations were prepared with different amounts of super disintegrating agents and effervescent bases as disintegrant agents...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856057/mapping-the-birch-and-grass-pollen-seasons-in-the-uk-using-satellite-sensor-time-series
#5
Nabaz R Khwarahm, Jadunandan Dash, C A Skjøth, R M Newnham, B Adams-Groom, K Head, Eric Caulton, Peter M Atkinson
Grass and birch pollen are two major causes of seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) in the UK and parts of Europe affecting around 15-20% of the population. Current prediction of these allergens in the UK is based on (i) measurements of pollen concentrations at a limited number of monitoring stations across the country and (ii) general information about the phenological status of the vegetation. Thus, the current prediction methodology provides information at a coarse spatial resolution only. Most station-based approaches take into account only local observations of flowering, while only a small number of approaches take into account remote observations of land surface phenology...
November 14, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799958/th17-responses-are-not-altered-by-natural-exposure-to-seasonal-allergens-in-pollen-sensitive-patients
#6
Agata Schramm, Barbara Jasiewicz-Honkisz, Grzegorz Osmenda, Grzegorz Wilk, Mateusz Siedlinski, Agnieszka Sagan, Pawel T Matusik, Joanna Maciag, Tomasz Sliwa, Marta Czesnikiewicz-Guzik, Tomasz P Mikolajczyk
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis affects 10-30 % of the global population and this number is likely to increase in the forthcoming years. Moreover, it commonly co-exists with allergic asthma as a chronic allergic respiratory syndrome. While the involvement of Th2 cells in allergy is well understood, alterations of pro-inflammatory Th17 responses remain poorly characterized. The aim of our study was to determine whether natural seasonal allergen exposure causes changes in T cell subset characteristics in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790763/comparison-of-scores-associating-symptoms-and-rescue-medication-use-for-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-allergy-immunotherapy-in-seasonal-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-results-from-five-trials
#7
J-M Grouin, E Vicaut, P Devillier
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, regulatory bodies and scientific societies recommended, as primary efficacy outcome, a score that reflects both symptom severity and use of rescue medication for clinical trials in allergy immunotherapy (AIT). OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the results obtained with two subject-specific scores, the Combined Score (CS) and the Adjusted Symptom Score (AdSS), for assessment of AIT in seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis due to birch and grass pollen allergens...
October 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788885/comparison-of-systemic-reactions-in-rush-cluster-and-standard-build-aeroallergen-immunotherapy
#8
Andrew W Winslow, Joseph C Turbyville, J Wesley Sublett, James L Sublett, Stephen J Pollard
BACKGROUND: Given the choice of standard, cluster, and rush build-up for aeroallergen immunotherapy, standard-build immunotherapy has generally been preferred because of a perceived high rate of systemic reactions (SRs) associated with cluster and rush immunotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the incidence of SRs during standard, cluster, and rush build-up immunotherapy in an allergy practice during a 5-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted among patients receiving standard-build, 8- to 10-step cluster, or 2-day rush immunotherapy from January 1, 2010, through December 31, 2014, at Family Allergy & Asthma clinics in Louisville, Kentucky...
November 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785375/histamine-antagonist-bepotastine-suppresses-nasal-symptoms-caused-by-japanese-cedar-and-cypress-pollen-exposure
#9
Sho Kanzaki, Kazuhiro Hashiguchi, Ken-Ichiro Wakabayashi, Kiyochika Suematsu, Kimihiro Okubo
Objective: To determine the efficacy of the antihistamine bepotastine on treating nasal symptoms in patients with Japanese cedar and cypress pollinosis, based on two previous studies that looked at bepotastine OD's inhibitory effect on symptom onset after exposure. Design and methods: Randomized double-blind placebo controlled, parallel study. Twenty-eight volunteers with Japanese cedar and cypress pollinosis were randomly assigned into two experimental groups: a bepotastine-treated or a placebo control group...
2016: Journal of drug assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773851/intradermal-grass-pollen-immunotherapy-increases-th2-and-ige-responses-and-worsens-respiratory-allergic-symptoms
#10
Anna Slovick, Abdel Douiri, Rachel Muir, Andrea Guerra, Konstantinos Tsioulos, Evie Hay, Emily P S Lam, Joanna Kelly, Janet L Peacock, Sun Ying, Mohamed H Shamji, David J Cousins, Stephen R Durham, Stephen J Till
BACKGROUND: Repeated low-dose grass pollen intradermal allergen injection suppresses allergen-induced cutaneous late-phase responses comparably with conventional subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of grass pollen intradermal immunotherapy in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. METHODS: We randomly assigned 93 adults with grass pollen-induced allergic rhinitis to receive 7 preseasonal intradermal allergen injections (containing 7 ng of Phl p 5 major allergen) or a histamine control...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768751/chronology-of-onset-of-mental-disorders-and-physical-diseases-in-mental-physical-comorbidity-a-national-representative-survey-of-adolescents
#11
Marion Tegethoff, Esther Stalujanis, Angelo Belardi, Gunther Meinlschmidt
BACKGROUND: The objective was to estimate temporal associations between mental disorders and physical diseases in adolescents with mental-physical comorbidities. METHODS: This article bases upon weighted data (N = 6483) from the National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement (participant age: 13-18 years), a nationally representative United States cohort. Onset of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition lifetime mental disorders was assessed with the fully structured World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview, complemented by parent report...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708552/burden-of-allergic-respiratory-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
A Linneberg, K Dam Petersen, J Hahn-Pedersen, E Hammerby, N Serup-Hansen, N Boxall
This meta-analysis compared the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and/or allergic asthma (AA) caused by perennial house dust mite (HDM) versus AR and/or AA caused by seasonal pollen allergy. Following a systematic search, the identified studies used the disease-specific rhinitis quality of life questionnaire or generic instruments (SF-36 and SF-12). Summary estimates obtained by meta-analysis showed that HRQL in patients with perennial HDM allergy was significantly worse than that of patients with seasonal pollen allergy, when measured by both disease-specific and generic HRQL instruments, and was reflected by an impact on both physical and mental health...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704024/invasive-aspergillosis-associated-with-severe-influenza-infections
#13
Nancy F Crum-Cianflone
Background.  Invasive aspergillosis may occur in the setting of severe influenza infections due to viral-induced respiratory epithelium disruption and impaired immune effects, but data are limited. Methods.  A retrospective study was conducted among severe influenza cases requiring medical intensive care unit (ICU) admission at an academic center during the 2015-2016 season. Data collected included respiratory cultures, medical conditions and immunosuppressants, laboratory and radiographic data, and outcomes...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697498/validation-of-the-ga-2-len-chamber-for-trials-in-allergy-innovation-of-a-mobile-allergen-exposure-chamber
#14
Torsten Zuberbier, Mark B Abelson, Cezmi A Akdis, Claus Bachert, Uwe Berger, Carsten Bindslev-Jensen, Georg Boelke, Jean Bousquet, Giorgio Walter Canonica, Thomas B Casale, Marek Jutel, Marek L Kowalski, Enzo Madonini, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos, Oliver Pfaar, Torsten Sehlinger, Karl-Christian Bergmann
BACKGROUND: Field clinical trials of pollen allergy are impacted by the impossibility to predict and to determine individual allergen exposure, due to many factors (e.g., pollen season, atmospheric variations, pollutants, lifestyles). Environmental exposure chambers (EEC), delivering a fixed amount of allergens in a controlled environmental setting, can overcome these limitations. EECs are currently already used in phase 2, 3, and even 4 trials. Unfortunately, few chambers exist in the world, and this makes it difficult to perform large, multicenter clinical trials...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672066/persons-with-allergy-symptoms-use-alternative-medicine-more-often
#15
Anna Kłak, Filip Raciborski, Edyta Krzych-Fałta, Dagmara Opoczyńska-Świeżewska, Jakub Szymański, Agnieszka Lipiec, Barbara Piekarska, Adam Sybilski, Aneta Tomaszewska, Bolesław Samoliński
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to indicate the relation between the use of alternative medicine and the occurrence of allergic diseases in the Polish population of adults in the age of 20-44 years. Moreover the additional aim of the study is to define the relation between the sex, age and place of living and the use of alternative medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data from the project Epidemiology of Allergic Diseases in Poland (ECAP) has been used for analysis...
2016: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633563/predicting-the-poaceae-pollen-season-six-month-ahead-forecasting-and-identification-of-relevant-features
#16
Ricardo Navares, José Luis Aznarte
In this paper, we approach the problem of predicting the concentrations of Poaceae pollen which define the main pollination season in the city of Madrid. A classification-based approach, based on a computational intelligence model (random forests), is applied to forecast the dates in which risk concentration levels are to be observed. Unlike previous works, the proposal extends the range of forecasting horizons up to 6 months ahead. Furthermore, the proposed model allows to determine the most influential factors for each horizon, making no assumptions about the significance of the weather features...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605897/specific-immunotherapy-with-mugwort-pollen-allergoid-reduce-bradykinin-release-into-the-nasal-fluid
#17
Radoslaw Gawlik, Alicja Grzanka, Barbara Jawor, Eugeniusz Czecior
INTRODUCTION: A pathomechanism of allergic rhinitis is complex. A neurogenic mechanism seems to play a significant role in this phenomenon. AIM: The evaluation of influence of specific immunotherapy of mugwort pollen allergic patients on the bradykinin concentration in the nasal lavage fluid. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 22 seasonal allergic rhinitis patients. Thirty persons with monovalent allergy to mugwort pollen, confirmed with skin prick tests and allergen-specific immunoglobulin E, underwent a 3-year-long allergen immunotherapy with the mugwort extract (Allergovit, Allergopharma, Germany)...
August 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600320/recommendations-for-prevention-and-control-of-influenza-in-children-2016-2017
#18
(no author information available yet)
The purpose of this statement is to update recommendations for the routine use of seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and treatment of influenza in children. The AAP recommends annual seasonal influenza immunization for everyone 6 months and older, including children and adolescents. Highlights for the upcoming 2016-2017 season include the following: 1. Annual universal influenza immunization is indicated with either a trivalent or quadrivalent (no preference) inactivated vaccine...
September 6, 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591524/the-dynamics-of-the-corylus-alnus-and-betula-pollen-seasons-in-the-context-of-climate-change-sw-poland
#19
Małgorzata Malkiewicz, Anetta Drzeniecka-Osiadacz, Justyna Krynicka
The changes in the main features of early spring tree or shrub pollen seasons are important due to the significant impact on the occurrence of pollen-related allergy symptoms. This study shows the results of pollen monitoring for a period of eleven years (2003-2013) using a Burkard volumetric spore trap. The main characteristics of the hazel, alder, and birch pollination season were studied in Wrocław (SW Poland). The statistical analyses do not show a significant trend of annual total pollen count or shift in timing of the pollen season in the period of analysis...
December 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588729/the-clinical-relevance-of-birch-pollen-profilin-cross-reactivity-in-sensitized-patients
#20
Florian Wölbing, Julia Kunz, Wolfgang Eberhard Kempf, Cornelia Grimmel, Jörg Fischer, Tilo Biedermann
BACKGROUND: Overlapping seasons and cross reactivity, especially to grass pollen profilin, can hamper the diagnosis of birch pollen allergy. To identify the primary sensitizing allergen and the clinical relevance of cross sensitization, we correlated sensitization profiles with in vitro and in vivo tests, symptom scores and pollen counts. METHODS: 433 patients with positive skin prick test (SPT) to birch pollen were analyzed regarding IgE to major birch and grass pollen allergens Bet v 1 and Phl p 1/p 5 and the profilins Bet v 2 and Phl p 12...
September 2, 2016: Allergy
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