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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628023/-ragweed-allergy-in-the-south-of-russia-in-the-chechen-republic
#1
D Macharadze, H Janaeva, K Avilov
Allergy to ragweed pollen and other weeds is a global problem due to the rapid spread of these grasses around the world. In addition, pollen of short ragweed (Ambrosia, Amb) and mugwort (Artemisia, Art) - one of the main causes of respiratory allergy - seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (hay fever) with/without bronchial asthma patients living in the South of Russia. Epidemiological studies on the prevalence of Allergy to Amb and Art among patients living in Chechen Republic, absent. Aim - of this retrospective study was to investigate the prevalence of sensitization to weed pollen in patients of Chechnya...
May 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603110/identification-of-ige-binding-pollen-protein-from-cannabis-sativa-in-pollen-hypersensitive-patients-from-north-pakistan
#2
Shazia Choudhary, Sheeba Murad, Muhammad Qasim Hayat, Zahid Shakoor, Muhammad Arshad
Cannabis sativa (C.sativa) is well-known for its medicinal, industrial and recreational use. However, allergies in relation to Cannabis sativa (C.sativa) are rarely reported. C. sativa is one of the common weeds found in Pakistan and its pollen grains are common in spring and fall season. Although categorized as an aeroallergen, there are limited number of reports regarding allergenic potential in C. sativa. Therefore, the current study is aimed at exploring the IgE- binding potential among the C. sativa pollen in local pollen allergic patients...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567133/case-series-using-montelukast-in-patients-with-memory-loss-and-dementia
#3
Spencer I Rozin
Cognitive decline and dementia are a growing problem as the population ages. Effective therapies to prevent and treat these problems are limited. Neuro-inflammation has been suggested as a cause of dementia [1]. Montelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist used to treat seasonal allergies and asthma. It acts as a cysteinyl leukotriene (CysLT1) receptor antagonist blocking the action of leukotrienes and decreasing inflammation [2]. Animal studies have shown that administering Montelukast improves memory function [3]...
2017: Open Neurology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552676/common-allergies-do-not-influence-the-prevalence-of-cutaneous-hypersensitivity-reactions-to-antiepileptic-drugs
#4
Magdalena Bosak, Grzegorz Porębski, Agnieszka Słowik, Wojciech Turaj
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish whether the presence of common allergies increases the risk of drug-related hypersensitivity reactions among patients with epilepsy treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). METHODS: We studied 753 patients with epilepsy seen in tertiary outpatient epilepsy clinic. We obtained data related to epilepsy type, past and ongoing treatment with AEDs, occurrence of maculopapular exanthema or more serious cutaneous adverse reactions (Stevens-Johnson syndrome - SJS) and their characteristics...
May 17, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552101/allergic-adverse-events-following-2015-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-victoria-australia
#5
Hazel J Clothier, Nigel Crawford, Melissa A Russell, Jim P Buttery
Australia was alerted to a possible increase in allergy-related adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) with 2015 seasonal trivalent influenza vaccines (TIV) by the Victorian state vaccine safety service, SAEFVIC. We describe SAEFVIC's initial investigation and upon conclusion of the 2015 influenza vaccination programme, to define the signal event and implications for vaccine programmes. Allergy-related AEFI were defined as anaphylaxis, angioedema, urticaria or generalised allergic reaction. Investigations compared 2015 TIV AEFI reports to previous years as proportions and reporting risk (RR) per 100,000, stratified by influenza vaccine brand...
May 18, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549741/association-between-weather-seasonality-and-blood-parameters-in-riverine-populations-of-the-brazilian-amazon
#6
Poliany C O Rodrigues, Eliane Ignotti, Sandra S Hacon
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the seasonality of blood parameters related to iron homeostasis, inflammation, and allergy in two riverine populations from the Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 120 children and adolescents of school age, living in riverine communities of Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil, describing the hematocrit, hemoglobin, ferritin, serum iron, total white blood cell count, lymphocytes, eosinophils, C-reactive protein, and immunoglobulin E levels in the dry and rainy seasons...
May 23, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543717/poaceae-pollen-as-the-leading-aeroallergen-worldwide-a-review
#7
REVIEW
H García-Mozo
The Poaceae family comprises over 12,000 wind-pollinated species which release large amounts of pollen into the atmosphere. Poaceae pollen is currently regarded as the leading airborne biological pollutant and the chief cause of pollen-allergy worldwide. Sensitization rates vary by country, and those variations are reviewed here. Grass pollen allergens are grouped according to their protein structure and function. In Poaceae, although species belonging to different sub-families are characterized by distinct allergen subsets, there is a considerable degree of cross-reactivity between many species...
May 22, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540507/treatment-satisfaction-during-sublingual-immunotherapy-with-a-five-grass-pollen-tablet-for-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-a-prospective-non-interventional-study
#8
Udo Schäfer, Andrea Kienle-Gogolok, Meike Hadler, Efstrathios Karagiannis, Sylvia Schnitzer
BACKGROUND: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is a safe/well-tolerated alternative to allergen injection immunotherapy for allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC). Patient adherence is essential and patient-related outcome measures including treatment satisfaction are informative/indicative of adherence. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess treatment satisfaction with five-grass pollen tablet SLIT under real-life conditions. METHODS: Treatment satisfaction among adults taking SLIT with a five-grass pollen tablet for grass pollen-related ARC was assessed with QUARTIS, a self-report questionnaire dedicated to the management of patients treated with SLIT for ARC...
June 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487836/allergic-conjunctivitis-in-asia
#9
REVIEW
Bernard Yu-Hor Thong
Allergic conjunctivitis (AC), which may be acute or chronic, is associated with rhinitis in 30%-70% of affected individuals, hence the term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR/C). Seasonal and perennial AC is generally milder than the more chronic and persistent atopic and vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Natural allergens like house dust mites (HDM), temperate and subtropical grass and tree pollen are important triggers that drive allergic inflammation in AC in the Asia-Pacific region. Climate change, environmental tobacco smoke, pollutants derived from fuel combustion, Asian dust storms originating from central/north Asia and phthalates may also exacerbate AR/C...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483740/evaluation-of-pollen-apps-forecasts-the-need-for-quality-control-in-an-ehealth-service
#10
Katharina Bastl, Uwe Berger, Maximilian Kmenta
BACKGROUND: Pollen forecasts are highly valuable for allergen avoidance and thus raising the quality of life of persons concerned by pollen allergies. They are considered as valuable free services for the public. Careful scientific evaluation of pollen forecasts in terms of accurateness and reliability has not been available till date. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze 9 mobile apps, which deliver pollen information and pollen forecasts, with a focus on their accurateness regarding the prediction of the pollen load in the grass pollen season 2016 to assess their usefulness for pollen allergy sufferers...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480855/plant-aeroallergens-in-two-major-cities-of-georgia-tbilisi-and-kutaisi
#11
T Abramidze, M Gotua, N Chikhelidze, T Cheishvili, A Gamkrelidze
Pollen allergy is caused by a hypersensitivity reaction mainly of the respiratory tract and eye conjunctivae to pollen grains. The number of people allergic to plant aeroallergens has substantially increased in big cities and industrial areas. The monitoring of aerobiological parameters is of paramount importance for the characterization of allergenic risks. The aims of presented study were as follows: to profile the plant aeroallergens in two major cities of Georgia, to compare the character of pollination curves, to determine the dates of beginning of pollen seasons and their duration in particular cities...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449551/a-survey-of-korean-physicians-prescription-patterns-for-allergic-rhinitis
#12
Min Young Seo, Dong-Kyu Kim, Hye Mi Jee, Young Min Ahn, Yong Min Kim, Sang Duk Hong
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the prescription patterns according to characteristics of physicians using a survey distributed amongst physicians in Korea. Methods: We surveyed the prescription patterns for allergic rhinitis (AR) of the members of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology (KAAACI) and the Korean Association of Otorhinolaryngologists (KAO). Questionnaire contained 4 categories with 28 queries. 448 physicians including 98 internal medicine (IM), 113 pediatrics (PED), and 237 otorhinolaryngology (ENT) were responded...
April 28, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443598/evaluation-of-inferior-turbinate-stroma-with-ultrasound-elastography-in-allergic-rhinitis-patients
#13
Göksel Turhal, Sercan Göde, Ceyda Tunakan Dalgıç, Aytül Zerrin Sin, Erkan Kısmalı, İsa Kaya, Arın Öztürk, Özlem Göksel, Raşit Midilli, Kerem Öztürk, Bülent Karcı
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of allergic rhinitis is primarily based on history, physical examination and allergy testing. A technique that noninvasively evaluates the soft tissue changes in the nasal mucosa of allergic rhinitis patients has not been defined. AIMS: To assess nasal mucosal changes and measure the submucosal fibrosis in allergic rhinitis patients with sonoelastography. STUDY DESIGN: Case control study Methods: Eighty-eight turbinates of 44 patients were included in the study...
April 6, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441993/randomized-placebo-controlled-study-of-cetirizine-and-loratadine-in-children-with-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis
#14
Anjuli S Nayak, William E Berger, Craig F LaForce, Eduardo R Urdaneta, Mitesh K Patel, Kathleen B Franklin, Mei-Miau Wu
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic treatment is a mainstay of allergy therapy and many caregivers use over-the-counter antihistamines for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) symptoms in children. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of cetirizine 10 mg syrup versus loratadine 10 mg syrup versus placebo syrup in a randomized double-blind study of children, ages 6-11 years, with SAR. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled study was conducted at 71 U...
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437767/building-integrated-agriculture-a-first-assessment-of-aerobiological-air-quality-in-rooftop-greenhouses-i-rtgs
#15
Mireia Ercilla-Montserrat, Rebeca Izquierdo, Jordina Belmonte, Juan Ignacio Montero, Pere Muñoz, Concepción De Linares, Joan Rieradevall
Building-integrated rooftop greenhouse (i-RTG) agriculture has intensified in recent years, due to the growing interest in the development of new agricultural spaces and in the promotion of food self-sufficiency in urban areas. This paper provides a first assessment of the indoor dynamics of bioaerosols in an i-RTG, with the aim of evaluating biological air quality in a tomato greenhouse near Barcelona. It evaluates the greenhouse workers' exposure to airborne pollen and fungal spores in order to prevent allergy problems associated with occupational tasks...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420553/incidence-of-respiratory-viral-infections-and-associated-factors-among-children-attending-a-public-kindergarten-in-taipei-city
#16
Chun-Yi Lu, Li-Min Huang, Tsui-Yien Fan, A-Ling Cheng, Luan-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Kindergarteners frequently encounter various infectious diseases, so surveillance of viral infectious diseases would provide information for their health promotion. METHODS: We enrolled kindergarten attendees, age 2-5 years, during the academic years of 2006 and 2007 in a Taipei City kindergarten. Daily monitoring of illness and regular biweekly physical examinations were undertaken. Multiple infections were defined as one child having two or more laboratory-confirmed viral infections with different viruses or different serotypes during one academic year...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412077/influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-estimates-in-the-dutch-population-from-2003-to-2014-the-test-negative-design-case-control-study-with-different-control-groups
#17
Eva van Doorn, Maryam Darvishian, Frederika Dijkstra, Gé A Donker, Pieter Overduin, Adam Meijer, Eelko Hak
Information about influenza vaccine effectiveness (IVE) is important for vaccine strain selection and immunization policy decisions. The test-negative design (TND) case-control study is commonly used to obtain IVE estimates. However, the definition of the control patients may influence IVE estimates. We have conducted a TND study using the Dutch Sentinel Practices of NIVEL Primary Care Database which includes data from patients who consulted the General Practitioner (GP) for an episode of acute influenza-like illness (ILI) or acute respiratory infection (ARI) with known influenza vaccination status...
April 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401436/cypress-pollinosis-from-tree-to-clinic
#18
REVIEW
Denis Charpin, Christian Pichot, Jordina Belmonte, Jean-Pierre Sutra, Jarmila Zidkova, Pascal Chanez, Youcef Shahali, Hélène Sénéchal, Pascal Poncet
Cypress (Cupressus sp.pl) is a genus within the Cupressaceae family. This family covers all of the Earth's continents except for Antarctica, and it includes about 160 species. The most important taxa for allergic diseases belong to five different genera: Cupressus, Hesperocyparis, Juniperus, Cryptomeria, and Chamaecyparis. Cupressaceae species share a common pollen type that can even include the genus Taxus (Taxaceae) when this plant is also present. As Juniperus oxycedrus pollinates in October, Cupressus sempervirens in January and February, Hesperocyparis arizonica (prev...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378978/poaceae-secale-spp-and-artemisia-spp-pollen-in-the-air-at-two-sites-of-different-degrees-of-urbanisation
#19
Aleksandra Kruczek, Małgorzata Puc, Tomasz Wolski
INTRODUCTION: Among herbal plants, most cases of allergic reactions, like seasonal inflammation of nasal mucosa, conjunctivitis and pollen asthma, are related to the allergens from grass pollen. As the blossoming and pollination of rye is known to start the pollen season of grasses, information about the airborne rye pollen count permits alerting the people allergic to certain allergens contained in rye pollen. An important cause of allergy is also the pollen from wormwood, blossoming in late summer, as its two main allergens produce cross-reactions with many other plant allergens...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360459/correlation-of-pollen-counts-and-number-of-hospital-visits-of-asthmatic-and-allergic-rhinitis-patients
#20
Nishtha Singh, Udaiveer Singh, Dimple Singh, Mangal Daya, Virendra Singh
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Environmental pollens are known to cause exacerbation of symptoms of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma. During pollen months, number of patients visiting hospital has been shown to increase in some studies. However, in India, such studies are lacking. Therefore, we aimed to study pollen counts and to find its correlation with number of new patients attending Asthma Bhawan for 2 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aerobiological sampling was done using Burkard 24 h spore trap system...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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