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accommodative esotropia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913023/immediate-postoperative-alignment-following-bimedial-rectus-recession-for-esotropia-in-children-compared-to-adults
#1
Mohamed B Hassan, Nancy N Diehl, Brian G Mohney
PURPOSE: To determine whether the immediate postoperative alignment among patients undergoing successful bilateral weakening surgery for esotropia is different in children compared to adults. METHODS: The medical records of all patients undergoing surgery for esotropia by a single surgeon at a major academic referral center between January 1, 2002, and July 1, 2014 (n = 544), were retrospectively reviewed. Exclusion criteria included those with prior strabismus surgery, unilateral surgery, strengthening procedures, vertical or superior oblique surgery, and those wearing hyperopic spectacles for accommodative esotropia...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902283/botulinum-toxin-chemodenervation-for-childhood-strabismus-in-england-national-and-local-patterns-of-practice
#2
Ameenat Lola Solebo, Anne-Marie Austin, Maria Theodorou, Chris Timms, Joanne Hancox, Gillian G W Adams
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin injection chemodenervation is a well-established intervention for adult strabismus, and has also been recognised as an effective alternative to routine incisional surgery for paediatric disease. We aimed to investigate the temporal patterns of practice, indications and outcomes of chemodenervation for paediatric strabismus at national and tertiary centre level. METHODS: Retrospective study using routinely collected patient data: Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data were used to identify children undergoing non-incisional strabismus procedures in England from 2007 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889586/the-effect-of-prism-adaptation-on-the-angle-of-deviation-in-convergence-excess-esotropia-and-possible-consequences-for-surgical-planning
#3
Tess Garretty
Convergence excess esotropia describes a heterophoria with binocular single vision (BSV) on distance viewing that becomes esotropic on accommodation upon near fixation. Prism adaptation test (PAT) is a procedure routinely used to reveal the maximum angle of deviation preoperatively for many types of strabismus and has been shown to improve surgical outcomes; however, it is not conventionally used for convergence excess esotropia. AIM: This study compares the angle of deviation at 1/3 m and 6 m before and after prism adaptation in subjects with convergence excess esotropia to determine if a masked distance angle of deviation can be demonstrated similar to the masked near angle of deviation in some intermittent exotropes...
June 11, 2018: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742698/clinical-study-of-the-influence-of-preoperative-wearing-time-on-postoperative-effects-in-children-with-partially-accommodative-esotropia
#4
Danni Jiang, Dong Han, Jiahuan Zhang, Tianxu Pei, Qi Zhao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the preoperative wearing time on the postoperative effect in children with partially accommodative esotropia.Sixty children with partially accommodative esotropia who visited our hospital were placed in full cycloplegic refraction by using 1% Atropine eye gel and then wore full hyperopic correction glasses. Children were divided into groups A and B according to the preoperative wearing time. The visual acuity, eye position, and results of the synoptophore and Titmus stereoacuity tests were recorded before and half a year after the surgery in each group, and appropriate statistical analyses were conducted...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729255/amblyopia-in-high-accommodative-convergence-accommodation-ratio-accommodative-esotropia-influence-of-bifocals-on-treatment-outcome
#5
Jaime Tejedor, Francisco J Gutiérrez-Carmona
PURPOSE: To study the influence of bifocal use on amblyopia treatment outcome in high accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio accommodative esotropia with deviation only at near. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case series. METHODS: SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Children with high AC/A ratio accommodative esotropia aged 3-8 years old, with deviation only at near with glasses, neutralized with bifocal lenses (follow-up 1 year)...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721842/pigment-dispersion-syndrome-and-pigmentary-glaucoma-a-review-and-update
#6
Gianluca Scuderi, Maria Teresa Contestabile, Luca Scuderi, Aloisa Librando, Vito Fenicia, Siavash Rahimi
INTRODUCTION: Potential factors influencing stereopsis were investigated in patients with both refractive accommodative esotropia (RAE) and amblyopia. Pigment dispersion syndrome (PDS) is a condition where anomalous iridozonular contact leads to pigment dispersion throughout the anterior segment and the released pigment is abnormally deposited on various ocular structures. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The clinical presentation of PDS is defined by the presence of pigmented cells on the corneal endothelium, an increase of pigmentation of the trabecular meshwork, and mid-periphery transillumination defects of the iris...
May 2, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704131/factors-influencing-stereopsis-in-patients-with-both-refractive-accommodative-esotropia-and-amblyopia
#7
Burçin Çakır, Özlem Bursalı, Sedat Özmen, Nilgün Özkan Aksoy, Tural Babashli, Gursoy Alagöz
PURPOSE: Potential factors influencing stereopsis were investigated in patients with both refractive accommodative esotropia (RAE) and amblyopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to find out all patients with the diagnosis of both RAE and amblyopia. Patients are classified into two groups: group 1 (with stereopsis) and group 2 (without stereopsis). Onset age of RAE, history of strabismus in family members, time of amblyopia treatment, mean spherical equivalent, anisometropia, ocular movement disorders, especially, overaction of inferior oblique (IO) muscle, visual acuity difference (VAD) between eyes, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) levels of amblyopic and normal eyes and the presence of alternation of fixation (AOF) were investigated as possible factors...
April 27, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600183/the-relationship-between-abduction-deficit-and-reoperation-among-patients-with-infantile-esotropia
#8
Zhale Rajavi, Hamideh Sabbaghi, Pooya Torkian, Narges Behradfar, Mehdi Yaseri, Mohadeseh Feizi, Mohammad Faghihi, Kourosh Sheibani
AIM: To determine the relationship between abduction deficit and reoperation among patients with infantile esotropia (IET). METHODS: The records of 216 patients (432 eyes) with IET who underwent surgery, from 2010 to 2015 were studied. Patients with IET whose deviation appeared before 6mo of age and had stable preoperative deviation in two examinations with at least 2wk apart and a minimum 3mo postoperative follow up were included. Cases with early onset accommodative esotropia, congenital cataract, retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), manifest nystagmus, fundus lesions, neurologic and ophthalmic anomalies, 6th nerve palsy and Duane's syndrome were excluded...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549487/the-effects-of-partial-and-full-correction-of-refractive-errors-on-sensorial-and-motor-outcomes-in-children-with-refractive-accommodative-esotropia
#9
Nazife Sefi-Yurdakul, Hüseyin Kaykısız, Feray Koç
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of partial and full correction of refractive errors on sensorial and motor outcomes in children with refractive accommodative esotropia (RAE). METHODS: The records of pediatric cases with full RAE were reviewed; their first and last sensorial and motor findings were evaluated in two groups, classified as partial (Group 1) and full correction (Group 2) of refractive errors. RESULTS: The mean age at first admission was 5...
March 17, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526713/stereoacuity-outcomes-following-surgical-correction-of-the-nonaccommodative-component-in-partially-accommodative-esotropia
#10
Sudhi P Kurup, Heath W Barto, Gihyun Myung, Marilyn B Mets
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of partially accommodative esotropia (PAET) have assessed factors requiring surgery and alignment outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to additionally evaluate stereoacuity in patients who required surgery for their nonaccommodative component. METHODS: The medical records of consecutive patients with PAET who underwent bilateral medial rectus recession from April 1990 to July 2010 to treat the nonaccommodative component were reviewed retrospectively...
April 2018: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502213/photorefractive-keratectomy-influences-the-angle-of-ocular-deviation-in-strabismus-patients-with-hyperopia
#11
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Laura Primavera, Michela Fresina
PURPOSE: To evaluate refractive, binocular vision and ocular alignment outcomes of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for the treatment of hyperopia in esotropic patients. METHODS: Medical charts of hyperopic patients with full or partial accommodative esotropia (FAE or PAE) or consecutive exotropia (CE) undergone PRK from 2011 to 2014 were reviewed. The primary outcome was to assess the efficacy of PRK in improving ocular alignment. The secondary outcomes were the assessments of uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), spherical equivalent (SE) and stereoacuity...
March 3, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376230/anterior-segment-changes-during-accommodation-in-accommodative-esotropia
#12
Mustafa Koç, Hakan Halit Yaşar, Mehmet Murat Uzel, Salih Çolak, Irfan Durukan, Pelin Yılmazbaş
PURPOSE: To evaluate the anterior segment biometric parameters of non-accommodative and accommodative refractive accommodative esotropia (RAE). METHODS: Eighty-one eyes of 81 patients were included in this prospective, case-control study. The patients were divided into three groups as follows: the RAE group (n = 31), the hypermetropia group (n = 25), and the emmetropia group (n = 25). Measurements were obtained in the non-accommodative (0.0 diopters) and accommodative status (-5...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339065/accommodative-esotropia-treatment-plan-utilizing-simultaneous-strabismus-surgery-and-photorefractive-keratectomy
#13
H Sprague Eustis, Pulin Shah
PURPOSE: Accommodative esotropia is a common cause of acquired esotropia. Pathogenesis varies among patients but usually includes excessive hyperopia and a high accommodative convergence/accommodation ratio or tight medial recti. The present study reviews an individualized treatment plan combining photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and strabismus surgery to correct these problems. DESIGN: This study is a retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: Records for 15 patients who were treated for accommodative esotropia were reviewed...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332227/accommodative-esotropia-the-state-of-the-art
#14
REVIEW
Andrea Lembo, Massimiliano Serafino, Marika Dello Strologo, Richard A Saunders, Rupal H Trivedi, Edoardo Villani, Paolo Nucci
PURPOSE: To review the state of the art of Accommodative Esotropia (AE) through careful study of what has been reported up to the point in literature. METHODS: A literature search was done on PubMed using key words including "Accommodative esotropia", "Infantile esotropia", "Strabismus" and "Accommodation". We systematically reviewed and critically appraised what has been written about AE and we tried to analyze that according to the current management of AE...
January 13, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233124/increase-in-esodeviation-under-cycloplegia-with-0-5-tropicamide-and-0-5-phenylephrine-mixed-eye-drops-in-patients-with-hyperopia-and-esotropia
#15
In Jeong Lyu, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
BACKGROUD: To evaluate the manifestations of increased esodeviation under cycloplegia with 0.5% tropicamide and 0.5% phenylephrine in children with hyperopia and esotropia. METHODS: We reviewed the medical record of 34 children with hyperopia and esotropia who underwent a prism alternate cover test before and after instillation of mixed eye drops containing 0.5% tropicamide and 0.5% phenylephrine between November 2014 and October 2015. Increased angle of deviation was defined as 10 prism diopters (PD) or greater deviation after cycloplegia...
December 12, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991347/medial-rectus-bridge-faden-operations-in-accommodative-and-partially-accommodative-esotropia-with-convergence-excess
#16
Asli Inal, Osman Bulut Ocak, Ebru Demet Aygit, Selcen Celik, Gamze Ozturk Karabulut, Berkay Inal, Muhittin Taskapili, Birsen Gokyigit
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of the bilateral bridge Faden operation on the medial rectus muscles with and without recession in the treatment of accommodative and partially accommodative esotropia with convergence excess. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical records of 103 patients who underwent the bridge Faden operation on both medial rectus muscles, with or without recession, for the treatment of accommodative and partially accommodative esotropia with convergence excess...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904567/intermittent-divergent-squint-in-prematurity-and-its-neurophysiological-aspects
#17
REVIEW
Kalpana Sharma, Praveen Panwar, Kulbhushan Prakash Chaudhary
Intermittent distance exotropia is a deviation characterized by an exophoria at near fixation and manifest exotropia at distance fixation. There is normal binocular fusional vergence and stereoacuity at near fixation, but the eyes tend to diverge in bright sunlight, tiredness, day dreaming and the patient may close one eye in such circumstances. Prematurity is associated with numerous eye pathology, besides retinopathy of prematurity, amblyopia, refractive errors, it is also associated with a higher risk esotropia and exotropia...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859196/strabismus-incidence-in-a-danish-population-based-cohort-of-children
#18
Tobias Torp-Pedersen, Heather A Boyd, Line Skotte, Birgitte Haargaard, Jan Wohlfahrt, Jonathan M Holmes, Mads Melbye
Importance: To our knowledge, there have been few population-based studies of strabismus incidence conducted. Our population-based study provides valuable data for health services planning and identifying research needs. Objective: To determine the incidence and age distribution of strabismus, overall and by subtype, among children 7 years or younger. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study was conducted with data from 96 842 children enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652690/combined-resection-recession-versus-combined-recession-retroequatorial-myopexy-of-medial-rectus-muscles-for-treatment-of-near-distance-disparity-esotropia
#19
Manar A Ghali
PURPOSE: To compare and evaluate the efficacy of two different surgical techniques for the treatment of near-distance disparity esotropia; combined resection-recession and recession-retroequatorial myopexy of medial rectus muscles. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 28 patients diagnosed with convergence excess esotropia who had worn their full cycloplegic refraction and/or bifocal glasses for at least 6 months and still had near-distance disparity esotropia...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650877/the-resurgence-of-botulinum-toxin-injection-for-strabismus-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Marielle Mahan, J Mark Engel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review discusses recent advances in the use of botulinum toxin for the management of strabismus in children. RECENT FINDINGS: Botulinum toxin injection produces similar results compared to surgery for certain subtypes of strabismus, especially acute onset esotropia. It may be more effective in many subtypes of esotropia where surgery has been less reliable, including partially accommodative esotropia, esotropia associated with cerebral palsy, and thyroid eye disease...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
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