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Gallstones Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521679/diet-after-cholecystectomy
#1
Donato F Altomare, Maria T Rotelli, Nicola Palasciano
Patients with gallstones are often affected by alimentary disorders contributing to the onset of gallstones disease. Cholecystectomy can have nutritional and metabolic consequences in the short-term (diarrhea, abdominal pain and bloating) and in the long-term (increased Body Mass Index with metabolic syndrome, gastritis, liposoluble vitamin deficiency). Pathogenic mechanisms behind these disturbances are reviewed and the need for an early post-operative nutritional intervention based on low-lipid, high-fibers diet, is highlighted...
May 17, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521326/the-yield-of-abdominal-ultrasound-in-the-evaluation-of-elevated-liver-enzymes-during-the-second-and-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy
#2
Aya Mohr-Sasson, Eyal Schiff, Ramy Rahamim Suday, Zehava Hayman, Yeruham Kleinbaum, Anat Kalter-Farber, Roy Mashiach, Yoav Yinon, Moti Dulitzki, Eyal Sivan, Shali Mazaki-Tovi
AIMS: To determine the clinical yield of abdominal ultrasound in the evaluation of elevated liver enzymes (ELEs) in the second and the third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including all pregnant women admitted to a single tertiary care center was conducted between April 2011 and January 2015 with ELE. Inclusion criteria included gestational age above 24 weeks and ELEs, abdominal ultrasound report, and live fetus. Exclusion criteria included known maternal liver disease, structural or chromosomal fetal anomalies, and positive serology for viral hepatitis...
May 19, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520575/predictors-of-bile-tree-pathology-in-patients-presenting-with-gallbladder-disease
#3
Mahmoud A Rahal, Mohammad O Rammal, Walid Karaoui, Ali Hallal, Hani Tamim, Yasser Shaib
BACKGROUND: Patients with gallstone disease can present with elevated liver function tests (LFTs). It is often challenging to differentiate those with a common bile duct (CBD) stone from those without a CBD stone on the basis of the LFTs levels. In this study, we aim to evaluate the predictors of a CBD stones among patients presenting with symptomatic gallbladder disease and elevated LFTs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined all patients who had undergone a cholecystectomy between January 2010 and December 2015...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511162/improvement-of-the-complex-medical-treatment-for-the-patients-w%C3%B1-th-chronic-biliary-pancreatitis
#4
L S Babinets, K Yu Kytsai, Yu Ya Kotsaba, I M Halabitska, N A Melnyk, I V Semenova, O S Zemlyak
INTRODUCTION: The most common reason of chronic pancreatitis is liver and bile ducts disease: functional disorders, chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis and cholecystectomy in medical history. All these changes are associated with the colloidal structure of bile, increased lithogenicity, gallstones formation, Oddi's sphincter dysfunction, dysmotility and inflammation in the bile ducts. THE AIM: to study the effectiveness of using medicine Liveria IC (metadoxine) in standard therapy as well as effect on spectrum of blood serum lipids and structural condition of liver (stiffness) and pancreas in patients with chronic biliary pancreatitis combined with obesity...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473337/impact-of-liraglutide-on-amylase-lipase-and-acute-pancreatitis-in-participants-with-overweight-obesity-and-normoglycemia-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes-secondary-analyses-of-pooled-data-from-the-scale-clinical-development-program
#5
William M Steinberg, Julio Rosenstock, Thomas A Wadden, Morten Donsmark, Christine B Jensen, J Hans DeVries
OBJECTIVE: To describe amylase/lipase activity levels and events of acute pancreatitis (AP) in the SCALE (Satiety and Clinical Adiposity-Liraglutide Evidence in individuals with and without diabetes) weight-management trials. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary analyses were performed on pooled data from four trials (N = 5,358 with BMI ≥30, or 27 to <30 kg/m(2) with ≥1 comorbidity). Of these, 1,723 had normoglycemia, 2,789 had prediabetes, and 846 had type 2 diabetes...
May 4, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463673/cholecystolithotomy-combined-armillarisin-a-versus-cholecystectomy-in-cirrhotic-portal-hypertension-patients-with-symptomatic-cholelithiasis
#6
Yang Fei, Wei-Qin Li, Guang-Quan Zong, Jian Chen, Wei Wang
OBJECT: To discover whether cirrhotic portal hypertension patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis would benefit from cholecystolithotomy combined with Armillarisin A in the authors hospital. Methods: Sixty-one patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension and symptomatic gallstone disease who underwent either cholecystolithotomy combined with Armillarisin A (group A) or cholecystectomy (group B) for cholelithiasis from Feb 2007 to March 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. These patients were undergoing simultaneous procedure for esophageal varices...
March 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461193/gallstone-disease-and-cancer-risk-finding-the-bug-in-the-system
#7
EDITORIAL
Kjetil Søreide
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458703/the-association-between-gallstone-disease-and-plaque-in-the-abdominopelvic-arteries
#8
Halil İbrahim Serin, Yunus Keser Yilmaz, Yaşar Turan, Ergin Arslan, Mustafa Fatih Erkoç, Aytaç Doğan, Mehmet Celikbilek
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the atheromatous plaque, in the abdominopelvic arteries as a marker of cardiac risk in patients with or without gallstone disease (GD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 136 patients were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Forty-eight patients had GD and the remaining 88 patients did not. The presence or absence of gallstones was noted during abdominal ultrasonography while vascular risk factors such as plaque formation, intima-media thickness, plaque calcification, mural thrombus, stenosis, aneurysm, and inflammation were recorded during an abdominopelvic computed tomography scan...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433486/gallstone-ileus-an-overview-of-the-literature
#9
C F Ploneda-Valencia, M Gallo-Morales, C Rinchon, E Navarro-Muñiz, C A Bautista-López, L F de la Cerda-Trujillo, L A Rea-Azpeitia, C R López-Lizarraga
INTRODUCTION: Gallstone ileus represents 4% of the causes of bowel obstruction in the general population, but increases to 25% in patients above the age of 65 years. Gallstone ileus does not present with unique symptoms, making diagnosis difficult. Its management is surgical, but there is no consensus as to which of the different surgical techniques is the procedure of choice. At present, there is no recent review of this pathology. AIM: To conduct an up-to-date review of this disease...
April 19, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412956/management-of-suspected-common-bile-duct-stones-on-cholangiogram-during-same-stay-cholecystectomy-for-acute-gallstone-related-disease
#10
Sandra de Sousa, Olivier Tobler, Pouya Iranmanesh, Jean-Louis Frossard, Philippe Morel, Christian Toso
BACKGROUND: Recent data have suggested that upfront cholecystectomy should be performed even in the presence of moderately abnormal liver function tests (LFTs). As a consequence, more common bile duct (CBD) stones are discovered on intra-operative cholangiogram. We assessed the presentation and management of such patients to refine their management plan. METHODS: Adult patients (>16 years) with an acute gallstone-related disease who had undergone same-stay cholecystectomy from January 2013 to January 2015 were retrospectively assessed...
April 17, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409371/dynamic-analysis-of-commonly-used-biochemical-parameters-to-predict-common-bile-duct-stones-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#11
Stéphane Bourgouin, Xavier Truchet, Gatien Lamblin, Jérôme De Roulhac, Jean-Philippe Platel, Paul Balandraud
BACKGROUND: The prediction of persistent common bile duct stones (CBDS) in patients during choledocholithiasis crisis is challenging. We developed a model based on the course over time of commonly used biochemical parameters to reduce the rate of unnecessary endoscopic cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and the risk of perioperative discovery of CBDS. METHODS: Medical charts of patients who presented between 2010 and 2015 for symptomatic gallstone disease with suspected choledocholithiasis were reviewed and compared according to the presence/absence of CBDS on preoperative ERCP or during cholecystectomy...
April 13, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403124/association-between-oral-hygiene-and-ultrasound-confirmed-gallstone-disease-in-us-population
#12
Sanjay Bhandari, Madhavi Reddy, Ghulamullah Shahzad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401880/gallstone-ileus-a-case-treated-with-minilaparotomy-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Francesco Zappia, Giovanni Petracca, Carlo Alessandro Talarico
Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholelithiasis which occurs in less than 1% of patients and is the cause of 1- 4% of cases of small bowel obstruction. The pathogenesis involves the formation of a bilioenteric fistula. We report the case of gallstone ileus in an 81-year old woman with typical abdominal pain, arterial hypertension and coronary artery disease. An abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan showed pneumobilia, dilated loops of small bowel and an ectopic gallstone obstructing the intestinal lumen...
March 29, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401383/gallstone-disease-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-an-asian-population-what-proportion-of-gallstones-actually-becomes-symptomatic
#14
Muhammed Yaser Hasan, Davide Lomanto, Lee Leng Loh, Jimmy Bok Yan So, Asim Shabbir
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence on gallstone disease after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), there is an existing lack of consensus on practice guidelines, i.e., surveillance and stone-lowering prophylaxis. Available evidence also has a racial bias as western reports predominate current data. Considering the growing popularity of LSG in Asia and the unique Asian anthropometrics, we have attempted to provide a regional perspective by reviewing our LSG database to investigate the epidemiology of this complication...
April 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400123/predictors-of-incidental-gallbladder-cancer-in-patients-undergoing-cholecystectomy-for-benign-gallbladder-disease-results-from-a-population-based-gallstone-surgery-registry
#15
Carolina Muszynska, Linda Lundgren, Gert Lindell, Roland Andersson, Johan Nilsson, Per Sandström, Bodil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is a rare neoplasm with a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis and correct treatment strategy is important. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for incidental gallbladder cancer. METHODS: Data from cholecystectomies registered in the nationwide Swedish Register for Gallstone Surgery between 2007 and 2014 were analyzed for incidental gallbladder cancer. Exclusion criteria were patients with a gallbladder not sent for histopathology, preoperative suspicion of polyps/gallbladder cancer, and indication for operation for other reasons than gallstone disease...
April 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396133/recurre-of-gallstone-disease-following-non-surgical-treatment-of-acute-cholecystitis-in-the-elderly-population
#16
Ismael Mora-Guzmán, Marcello Di Martino, Elena Martín-Pérez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385120/are-routine-preoperative-liver-function-tests-in-patients-with-uncomplicated-symptomatic-gallstone-disease-necessary
#17
Marijke van den Berg, Gijs M van Couwelaar, Christel A L de Raaff, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Pieter Joosse, Bart A van Wagensveld, Bart C Vrouenraets
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of preoperative liver function tests (LFTs) in patients with uncomplicated gallstone disease and scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: All 1112 patients who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstone disease during a 6-year cohort were retrospectively reviewed. Only patients who presented with uncomplicated disease were selected. Preoperative LFTs, pre-, and postoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreaticographies (ERCPs) and postoperative complications were collected...
April 7, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377802/an-observational-study-on-the-association-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-metabolic-syndrome-with-gall-stone-disease-requiring-cholecystectomy
#18
Farah Ahmed, Qamaruddin Baloch, Zahid Ali Memon, Iqra Ali
OBJECTIVE: Recognition of Non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic syndrome in patients with gallstones undergoing laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy, along with it we will also study the life style of patients with gall stones. BACKGROUND: Patients with gallstones have associated NAFLD, with concurrent metabolic syndrome and these ailments share similar factors for example obesity, hypertriglyceridemia and diabetes mellitus. Factors like body mass index, gender, raised lipid levels, use of contraceptives and alcohol and having diabetes, physical inactiveness, multiparous women, water with excessive iron content, metabolic syndrome, and NAFLD are accountable factors for gallstones formation...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376203/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-gallbladder-cancer-in-a-prospective-study
#19
Susanna C Larsson, Edward L Giovannucci, Alicja Wolk
Evidence indicates that coffee consumption may reduce the risk of gallstone disease, which is strongly associated with increased risk of gallbladder cancer. The association between coffee consumption and gallbladder cancer incidence was examined in a prospective cohort study of 72 680 Swedish adults (aged 45 - 83 years) who were free of cancer and reported their coffee consumption at baseline. Gallbladder cancers were ascertained by linkage with the Swedish Cancer Register. The data were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards regression models...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364324/primary-hyperparathyroidism-insights-from-the-indian-phpt-registry
#20
Sanjay Kumar Bhadada, Ashutosh Kumar Arya, Satinath Mukhopadhyay, Rajesh Khadgawat, Suja Sukumar, Sailesh Lodha, Deependra N Singh, Anjali Sathya, Priyanka Singh, Anil Bhansali
The presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is variable throughout the world. The present study explored retrospective data submitted to the Indian PHPT registry ( http://www.indianphptregistry.com ) between July 2005 and June 2015 from 5 centres covering four different geographical regions. The clinical, biochemical, radiological and histopathological characteristics of PHPT patients across India were analysed for similarity and variability across the centres. A total of 464 subjects (137 men and 327 women) with histopathologically proven PHPT were analysed...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
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