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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902919/geographic-distribution-of-point-in-time-access-to-subsidised-dental-services-in-western-australia
#1
Yevgeni Dudko, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
Dental Health Services (DHS) is the largest public primary oral healthcare provider in WA. The objective of this study was to calculate probable distance patients are expected to travel to the nearest clinic, gauge utilisation rates and predict the direction of likely changes in future demand for subsidised dental care. Eligible population data was collected from the Department of Human Services and the Australian Bureau of Statistics websites and integrated with the waiting list and the recall list data provided by the DHS...
December 1, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899209/with-the-noose-around-the-neck-marine-debris-entangling-otariid-species
#2
Valentina Franco-Trecu, Massimiliano Drago, Helena Katz, Emanuel Machín, Yamandú Marín
Plastic debris in marine environments and its impact on wildlife species is becoming a problem of increasing concern. In pinnipeds, entanglements commonly consist of loops around the neck of non-biodegradable materials from fishing gear or commercial packaging, known as "neck collars". These entanglements can cause injuries, death by suffocation and starvation, and therefore they may add to the overall decrease in population. Our objective was to describe the entanglement of two species of otariids (Arctocephalus australis and Otaria flavescens) in the South West Atlantic Ocean...
November 26, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898798/visualization-of-colloid-transport-pathways-in-mineral-soils-using-titanium-iv-oxide-as-a-tracer
#3
Stefan Koch, Petra Kahle, Bernd Lennartz
In soils, colloidal transport has been identified as the most important pathway for strong adsorbing, environmental contaminants like pesticides, heavy metals, and phosphorus. We conducted a comparative dye tracer experiment using a Brilliant Blue (BB) solution and a Titanium(IV) oxide (TiO) colloid suspension (average particle size 0.3 μm), aiming to visualize and quantify colloid pathways in soils. Both dye tracers showed comparable general flow patterns with preferred transport over the deepest part of the soil profile, independent of clay content...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898699/facilitators-and-barriers-to-uptake-of-an-extended-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-programme-in-ghana-a-qualitative-study-of-caregivers-and-community-health-workers
#4
Gifty D Antwi, Laura A Bates, Rebecca King, Princess R Mahama, Harry Tagbor, Matt Cairns, James N Newell
BACKGROUND: Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) is currently recommended for children under five in areas where malaria transmission is highly seasonal. We explored children's caregivers' and community health workers' (CHWs) responses to an extended 5-month SMC programme. METHODS: Thirteen in-depth interviews and eight focus group discussions explored optimal and suboptimal 'uptake' of SMC to examine facilitators and barriers to caregivers' uptake. RESULTS: There did not appear to be major differences between caregivers of children with optimal and sub-optimal SMC uptake in terms of their knowledge of malaria, their perceptions of the effect of SMC on a child's health, nor their understanding of chemoprevention...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895105/robot-assisted-mechanical-therapy-attenuates-stroke-induced-limb-skeletal-muscle-injury
#5
Chandan K Sen, Savita Khanna, Hallie Harris, Richard Stewart, Maria Balch, Mallory Heigel, Seth Teplitsky, Surya Gnyawali, Cameron Rink
The efficacy and optimization of poststroke physical therapy paradigms is challenged in part by a lack of objective tools available to researchers for systematic preclinical testing. This work represents a maiden effort to develop a robot-assisted mechanical therapy (RAMT) device to objectively address the significance of mechanical physiotherapy on poststroke outcomes. Wistar rats were subjected to right hemisphere middle-cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion. After 24 h, rats were split into control (RAMT(-)) or RAMT(+) groups (30 min daily RAMT over the stroke-affected gastrocnemius) and were followed up to poststroke d 14...
November 28, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894483/-telepsychiatry-and-cooperation-between-professionnals-in-a-mobile-team
#6
Élodie Boutbien, Sabrina Copin, Karine Veyres-Broquin, Yann Wendel
Telepsychiatry in a mobile team uses advanced technology for the benefit of healthcare. It requires a high level of cooperation between the different players. In a nursing home, ilt provides patients with access to psyhiatric care despite the distance or the difficulties involved in travelling to an appointment.
November 2016: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886436/factors-that-hinder-or-enable-maternal-health-strategies-to-reduce-delays-in-rural-and-pastoralist-areas-in-ethiopia
#7
Ruth Jackson, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Tesfay Gebregzabher Gebrehiwot, Hagos Godefay
OBJECTIVES: To document factors that hinder or enable strategies to reduce the first and second delays of the Three Delays in rural and pastoralist areas in Ethiopia. METHODS: A key informant study was conducted with 44 Health Extension Workers in Afar Region, Kafa Zone (Southern Nation, Nationalities and Peoples' Region), and Adwa Woreda (Tigray Region). Health Extension Workers were trained to interview women and ask for stories about their recent experiences of birth...
November 25, 2016: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886262/coastal-leatherback-turtles-reveal-conservation-hotspot
#8
Nathan J Robinson, Stephen J Morreale, Ronel Nel, Frank V Paladino
Previous studies have shown that the world's largest reptile - the leatherback turtle Dermochelys coriacea - conducts flexible foraging migrations that can cover thousands of kilometres between nesting sites and distant foraging areas. The vast distances that may be travelled by migrating leatherback turtles have greatly complicated conservation efforts for this species worldwide. However, we demonstrate, using a combination of satellite telemetry and stable isotope analysis, that approximately half of the nesting leatherbacks from an important rookery in South Africa do not migrate to distant foraging areas, but rather, forage in the coastal waters of the nearby Mozambique Channel...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885334/-epicatechin-prevents-blood-pressure-increase-and-reduces-locomotor-hyperactivity-in-young-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#9
M Kluknavsky, P Balis, A Puzserova, J Radosinska, A Berenyiova, M Drobna, S Lukac, J Muchova, I Bernatova
This study investigated the effects of subchronic (-)-epicatechin (Epi) treatment on locomotor activity and hypertension development in young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Epi was administered in drinking water (100 mg/kg/day) for 2 weeks. Epi significantly prevented the development of hypertension (138 ± 2 versus 169 ± 5 mmHg, p < 0.001) and reduced total distance traveled in the open-field test (22 ± 2 versus 35 ± 4 m, p < 0.01). In blood, Epi significantly enhanced erythrocyte deformability, increased total antioxidant capacity, and decreased nitrotyrosine concentration...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884848/are-differences-in-travel-time-or-distance-to-healthcare-for-adults-in-global-north-countries-associated-with-an-impact-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#10
Charlotte Kelly, Claire Hulme, Tracey Farragher, Graham Clarke
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether there is an association between differences in travel time/travel distance to healthcare services and patients' health outcomes and assimilate the methodologies used to measure this. DESIGN: Systematic Review. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Transport database, HMIC and EBM Reviews for studies up to 7 September 2016. Studies were excluded that included children (including maternity), emergency medical travel or countries classed as being in the global south...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884057/patient-perceptions-of-a-virtual-health-room-installation-in-rural-sweden
#11
Simon Näverlo, Dean B Carson, Anette Edin-Liljegren, Mirjam Ekstedt
INTRODUCTION: The Virtual Health Room (VHR) is an ehealth initiative in the village of Slussfors in northern Sweden. Construction of VHRs in other locations is taking place, and the Centre for Rural Medicine in the Västerbotten County Council primary care department has implemented a VHR evaluation framework. This research focuses on evaluation of patient perceptions of the usability of the VHR and its contribution to their health care. METHODS: Nineteen of the 25 unique users of the VHR during 2014/15 completed a survey asking about their attitudes to their own health (using the 13-question version of the Patient Activation Measure (PAM)), their demographic attributes, and their satisfaction with their visit to the VHR...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881776/time-is-not-space-core-computations-and-domain-specific-networks-for-mental-travels
#12
Baptiste Gauthier, Virginie van Wassenhove
: Humans can consciously project themselves in the future and imagine themselves at different places. Do mental time travel and mental space navigation abilities share common cognitive and neural mechanisms? To test this, we recorded fMRI while participants mentally projected themselves in time or in space (e.g., 9 years ago, in Paris) and ordered historical events from their mental perspective. Behavioral patterns were comparable for mental time and space and shaped by self-projection and by the distance of historical events to the mental position of the self, suggesting the existence of egocentric mapping in both dimensions...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881303/the-serotonergic-system-tracks-the-outcomes-of-actions-to-mediate-short-term-motor-learning
#13
Takashi Kawashima, Maarten F Zwart, Chao-Tsung Yang, Brett D Mensh, Misha B Ahrens
To execute accurate movements, animals must continuously adapt their behavior to changes in their bodies and environments. Animals can learn changes in the relationship between their locomotor commands and the resulting distance moved, then adjust command strength to achieve a desired travel distance. It is largely unknown which circuits implement this form of motor learning, or how. Using whole-brain neuronal imaging and circuit manipulations in larval zebrafish, we discovered that the serotonergic dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) mediates short-term locomotor learning...
November 3, 2016: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879417/factors-influencing-likelihood-of-voice-therapy-attendance-report-from-the-cheer-network
#14
Stephanie Misono, Schelomo Marmor, Nelson Roy, Ted Mau, Seth M Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with the likelihood of attending voice therapy among patients referred for it in the CHEER (Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research) practice-based research network infrastructure. STUDY DESIGN: Prospectively enrolled cross-sectional study. SETTING: CHEER network of community and academic sites. METHODS: Data were collected on patient-reported demographics, voice-related diagnoses, voice-related handicap (Voice Handicap Index-10), likelihood of attending voice therapy (VT), and opinions on factors influencing likelihood of attending VT...
November 22, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875925/the-application-of-subjective-job-task-analysis-techniques-in-physically-demanding-occupations-evidence-for-the-presence-of-self-serving-bias
#15
Benjamin Lee-Bates, Daniel C Billing, Peter Caputi, Greg L Carstairs, Denise Linnane, Kane Middleton
The aim of this study was to determine if perceptions of physically demanding job tasks are biased by employee' demographics and employment profile characteristics including: age, sex, experience, length of tenure, rank, and if they completed or supervised a task. Surveys were administered to 427 Royal Australian Navy personnel who characterised 33 tasks in terms of physical effort, importance, frequency, duration and vertical/horizontal distance travelled. Results showed no evidence of bias resulting from participant characteristics, however participants who were actively involved in both task participation and supervision rated these tasks as more important than those involved only in the supervision of that task...
November 23, 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875562/water-quality-is-a-poor-predictor-of-recreational-hotspots-in-england
#16
Guy Ziv, Karen Mullin, Blandine Boeuf, William Fincham, Nigel Taylor, Giovanna Villalobos-Jiménez, Laura von Vittorelli, Christine Wolf, Oliver Fritsch, Michael Strauch, Ralf Seppelt, Martin Volk, Michael Beckmann
Maintaining and improving water quality is key to the protection and restoration of aquatic ecosystems, which provide important benefits to society. In Europe, the Water Framework Directive (WFD) defines water quality based on a set of biological, hydro-morphological and chemical targets, and aims to reach good quality conditions in all river bodies by the year 2027. While recently it has been argued that achieving these goals will deliver and enhance ecosystem services, in particular recreational services, there is little empirical evidence demonstrating so...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875113/mhealth-to-the-rescue-growing-use-of-wireless-and-mobile-technologies-improves-community-health-even-in-rural-areas
#17
Leslie Mertz
In rural areas, it is not unusual for patients to travel 50 miles or more to reach their doctors? offices or for doctors to refer patients to specialists whose offices are 80, 100, even 200-plus miles away. The sheer distance is a major obstacle for patients of all kinds: those who need urgent specialist care, those who have a chronic condition that requires regular visits, those who live in areas prone to poor weather-related driving conditions-really, anyone who has better things to do than spend hours traveling to and from a medical appointment...
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870794/comparison-of-measures-of-maximal-and-submaximal-fitness-in-response-to-exercise
#18
John Clarke, Louise de Lannoy, Robert Ross
INTRODUCTION: Adoption of physical activity (PA) consistent with current guidelines does not improve cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak, (mCRF)) beyond the error of measurement for approximately 30% of adults. Whether PA improves measures of exercise tolerance at submaximal levels (submaximal cardiorespiratory fitness (sCRF)) independent of change in mCRF is unknown. Here we assessed the relationship between exercise-induced changes in mCRF and sCRF. METHODS: Twenty-five physically inactive men aged 30-60 years ([mean (SD)], 44...
November 19, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867658/man-versus-machine-software-training-for-surgeons-an-objective-evaluation-of-human-and-computer-based-training-tools-for-cataract-surgical-performance
#19
Nizar Din, Phillip Smith, Krisztina Emeriewen, Anant Sharma, Simon Jones, James Wawrzynski, Hongying Tang, Paul Sullivan, Silvestro Caputo, George M Saleh
This study aimed to address two queries: firstly, the relationship between two cataract surgical feedback tools for training, one human and one software based, and, secondly, evaluating microscope control during phacoemulsification using the software. Videos of surgeons with varying experience were enrolled and independently scored with the validated PhacoTrack motion capture software and the Objective Structured Assessment of Cataract Surgical Skill (OSACCS) human scoring tool. Microscope centration and path length travelled were also evaluated with the PhacoTrack software...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866329/diffusional-behavior-and-guest-conformational-analysis-of-hexadecane-1-16-diol-and-hexadecane-in-urea-crystal-model-via-molecular-dynamics-simulation-approach
#20
Siti Fatimah Zaharah Mustafa, Hasmerya Maarof, Rashid Ahmed, Hassan Hadi Abdallah
Diffusion at the atomic or molecular level is a source of many physical, chemical, and biological processes taking place in plentiful materials. This work is an endeavor toward investigating the diffusional behavior of two different type of guests, hexadecane-1,16-diol and hexadecane enclathration in urea tunnel architecture, whereby the correlation of the diffusion mechanism with the guest's structural and conformational properties is explored. To carry out this study, molecular dynamics simulation approach is adopted...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular Modeling
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