keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

involvement of central nervous system in acute leukemia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212418/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-childhood-acute-promyelocitic-leukemia-apl-in-saudi-arabia-a-multicenter-saphos-leukemia-group-study
#1
Wasil Jastaniah, Abdulrahman Alsultan, Saad Al Daama, Walid Ballourah, Mohamed Bayoumy, Faisal Al-Anzi, Omar Al Shareef, Mohammed Burhan Abrar, Reem Al Sudairy, Ibrahim Al Ghemlas
BACKGROUND: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a rare form of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Survival rates exceed 80% in developed countries. Successful treatments rely on all-trans retinoic acid with anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Availability of modern care and public knowledge play important roles in pediatric APL survival. METHOD: A cytogenetic diagnosis of APL was confirmed in 30 (14.5%) out of 207 children consecutively diagnosed with de novo AML between January 2005 and December 2012 at nine cancer care centers in Saudi Arabia...
December 7, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197678/adipokines-inflammation-and-adiposity-in-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-survivors
#2
Tyler G Ketterl, Eric J Chow, Wendy M Leisenring, Pam Goodman, Ildi H Koves, Anna Petryk, Julia Steinberger, K Scott Baker
Adult survivors of acute leukemia in childhood have a higher than expected frequency of obesity, an increased risk for metabolic syndrome and early mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Adipose tissue has been recognized as an endocrine and paracrine organ that secretes various adipokines involved in metabolic regulation and inflammatory processes. Examine inflammatory factors [IL-6 and TNF-] and adipokines (adiponectin, leptin) in addition to body composition and adiposity in cancer survivors who underwent hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) during childhood in comparison to sibling controls...
November 29, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191665/augmenting-total-body-irradiation-with-a-cranial-boost-before-stem-cell-transplantation-protects-against-post-transplant-cns-relapse-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#3
Robert W Gao, Kathryn E Dusenbery, Qing Cao, Angela R Smith, Jianling Yuan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a pre-transplant cranial boost (CB) on post-transplant central nervous system (CNS) relapse and survival in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) using a total body irradiation (TBI)-containing preparation regimen. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Two hundred thirteen ALL patients were treated consecutively at our institution with allogeneic HSCT...
November 27, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189507/acute-myeloid-leukemia-with-central-nervous-system-involvement-in-children-experience-from-the-french-protocol-analysis-elam02
#4
Arthur Felix, Thierry Leblanc, Arnaud Petit, Brigitte Nelkem, Yves Bertrand, Virginie Gandemer, Anne Sirvent, Catherine Paillard, Claudine Schmitt, Pierre Simon Rohrlich, Odile Fenneteau, Christine Ragu, Gerard Michel, Anne Auvrignon, André Baruchel, Guy Leverger
Central nervous system (CNS) involvement at diagnosis of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not considered as an independent prognostic factor. This study describes the prognostic value of pediatric AML with CNS involvement at diagnosis. Pediatric patients were treated for de novo AML in the French multicenter trial ELAM02. Lumbar puncture was carried out in the first week, and the treatment was adapted to the CNS status. No patient received CNS radiotherapy. The patients were classified into 2 groups: CNS+ and CNS-...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151814/de-novo-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-like-disease-of-high-grade-b-cell-lymphoma-with-myc-and-bcl2-and-or-bcl6-rearrangements-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Akiko Uchida, Yasushi Isobe, Yu Uemura, Yuji Nishio, Hirotaka Sakai, Masayuki Kato, Kaori Otsubo, Masahiro Hoshikawa, Masayuki Takagi, Ikuo Miura
Background: B-cell lymphomas harboring the 8q24/MYC plus 18q21/BCL2 translocations are now referred to as high grade B-cell lymphoma with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 rearrangements (HGBL-MBR). Although HGBL-MBR is frequently found in cases with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma or Burkitt lymphoma-like B-cell lymphoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)-like disease of HGBL-MBR (AL-HGBL-MBR) has been reported incidentally. Case presentation: A 69-year-old Japanese woman developed remittent fever and increasing systemic bone pain...
2017: BMC Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146215/-acute-methotrexate-related-neurotoxicity-and-pseudo-stroke-syndrome
#6
V Deneux, N Leboucq, L Saumet, S Haouy, T Akbaraly, N Sirvent
Treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia requires high-dose systemic and/or intrathecal methotrexate to prevent and/or treat central nervous system disorders. Acute neurotoxicity of methotrexate, of unknown etiopathogenesis, is characterized by the polymorphism of clinical manifestations, responsible for a potentially harmful diagnostic delay in these immunosuppressed patients. We describe five episodes of transient acute leukoencephalopathy mimicking a stroke, reported in the literature as "pseudo-stroke syndrome"...
November 13, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115725/comparison-of-conventional-cytomorphology-flow-cytometry-immunophenotyping-and-automated-cell-counting-of-csf-for-detection-of-cns-involvement-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#7
J C Jaime-Pérez, M F Borrego-López, R A Jiménez-Castillo, N Méndez-Ramírez, R Salazar-Riojas, L T Fernández, D Gómez-Almaguer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cytospin conventional cytomorphology (CCC) is the standard method for detecting lymphoblasts in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and for guiding treatment decisions. We evaluated flow cytometry immunophenotyping (FCI) performance for improving detection of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in ALL. METHODS: This prospective study included analysis of consecutive CSF samples of patients of all ages with ALL at 3 clinical stages: new diagnosis, relapse suspicion, and after relapse treatment...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071274/bilateral-central-retinal-artery-occlusion-associated-with-bilateral-lymphoproliferative-infiltrative-optic-neuropathy
#8
Philip J DeSouza, Claudia G Hooten, Christopher M Lack, Vishak J John, Timothy J Martin
BACKGROUND: Leukemic infiltration of the optic nerve is relatively rare. While previously described in acute leukemia, the infiltration in our case represents central nervous system (CNS) metastasis of Burkitt-type lymphoma that developed as a complication of solid-organ transplantation, resulting in a bilateral infiltrative optic neuropathy with sequential, bilateral central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and devastating vision loss. METHODS: The medical record, serial ophthalmic examination findings, clinical course, and imaging including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), fundus photographs, and fluorescein angiography of a single patient were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070107/-clinical-analysis-of-7-children-with-mature-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#9
Jun Wang, Qin Lu, Lu-Lu He, Xiao-Yan Sun, Meng-Jiao Sun, Yong-Jun Fang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of CCCG-BNHL-2015 protocol in treatment of children with mature B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (mature B-ALL). METHODS: Seven pediatric patients with newly diagnosed mature B-ALL were treated by CCCG-BNHL-2015 protocol (risk group R4) in Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from November 2014 to January 2017. RESULTS: The median age of patients at initial diagnosis was 7.2 years (range 4...
October 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035192/bacillus-cereus-bacteremia-with-central-nervous-system-involvement-a-neuropathological-study
#10
Jean Philippe Brouland, Nathalie Sala, Selin Tusgul, Caterina Rebecchini, Enikö Kovari
Bacillus cereus is a widely-distributed, gram-positive or variable, rod-shaped bacterium frequently considered a contaminant in clinical specimens. It is recognized as a potential pathogen inducing self-limiting emetic or diarrheal food poisoning or localized infection in immunocompetent patients. True B. cereus bacteremia is uncommon and mainly observed in fragile patients, notably in immunocompromised individuals. We report clinical, radiological, and pathological findings of a 64-year-old patient with a history of acute myeloid leukemia who initially presented a fever while neutropenic after the induction of a second cycle of chemotherapy...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954350/-clinical-characteristics-of-6-patients-with-blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm
#11
X Han, M Q Ouyang, Q Pei, M H Duan, X Y Jiang, D B Zhou
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of patients with blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm. Method: Clinical records of 6 patients diagnosed with blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm in our hospital from January 2008 to May 2016 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results: Six patients manifested with initial symptoms of skin lesions, other common symptoms included bone marrow involvement (5/6) , lymphadenectasis (4/6) , splenomegaly (4/6) , and hepatomegaly (3/6) ...
August 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943635/ng2-antigen-is-involved-in-leukemia-invasiveness-and-central-nervous-system-infiltration-in-mll-rearranged-infant-b-all
#12
C Prieto, B López-Millán, H Roca-Ho, R W Stam, D Romero-Moya, F J Rodríguez-Baena, A Sanjuan-Pla, V Ayllón, M Ramírez, M Bardini, P De Lorenzo, M G Valsecchi, M Stanulla, M Iglesias, P Ballerini, Á M Carcaboso, J Mora, F Locatelli, A Bertaina, L Padilla, J Carlos Rodríguez-Manzaneque, C Bueno, P Menéndez
Mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)-rearranged (MLLr) infant B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (iMLLr-B-ALL) has a dismal prognosis and is associated with a pro-B/mixed phenotype, therapy refractoriness and frequent central nervous system (CNS) disease/relapse. Neuron-glial antigen 2 (NG2) is specifically expressed in MLLr leukemias and is used in leukemia immunophenotyping because of its predictive value for MLLr acute leukemias. NG2 is involved in melanoma metastasis and brain development; however, its role in MLL-mediated leukemogenesis remains elusive...
September 25, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927153/clinicoradiological-characteristics-management-and-prognosis-of-primary-myeloid-sarcoma-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-report-of-four-cases
#13
Bao Yang, Chenlong Yang, Jingyi Fang, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a localized tumor composed of premature precursors of granulocytic cells, which may occur in any organ and most commonly involves the soft tissue and musculoskeletal system. This malignancy may occur in the presence or absence of hematological disorders. Primary MS involving the central nervous system (CNS-MS) is rare, and has only been described in a small number of isolated case reports. The diagnosis of CNS-MS is challenging and strategies for its management are undefined. The present study describes 4 cases of CNS-MS...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872614/aberrant-signaling-pathways-in-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#14
REVIEW
Deborah Bongiovanni, Valentina Saccomani, Erich Piovan
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive disease caused by the malignant transformation of immature progenitors primed towards T-cell development. Clinically, T-ALL patients present with diffuse infiltration of the bone marrow by immature T-cell blasts high blood cell counts, mediastinal involvement, and diffusion to the central nervous system. In the past decade, the genomic landscape of T-ALL has been the target of intense research. The identification of specific genomic alterations has contributed to identify strong oncogenic drivers and signaling pathways regulating leukemia growth...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870778/outcome-analysis-of-pediatric-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-treated-with-total-body-irradiation-free-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-comparison-of-patients-with-and-without-central-nervous-system-involvement
#15
Amir Ali Hamidieh, Seyed Mostafa Monzavi, Maryam Kaboutari, Maryam Behfar, Mohsen Esfandbod
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with a non-total body irradiation (TBI) conditioning regimen has proven feasible for treating patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, it is commonly believed that for extramedullary involvement of ALL in sanctuary sites, such as the central nervous system (CNS), TBI should not be abandoned. In this study, the outcomes of pediatric ALL patients with CNS involvement (CNS(+)) and without CNS involvement (CNS(-)) treated with TBI-free allogeneic HSCT were retrospectively compared...
September 1, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868277/extramedullary-relapse-of-acute-myelogenous-leukemia-presenting-as-a-large-serous-retinal-detachment
#16
Wesley Green, P Kumar Rao, George J Harocopos
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To describe the rare presentation of a large, unilateral, serous retinal detachment as an extramedullary manifestation of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) recurrence without bone marrow or central nervous system involvement after more than 1 year of follow-up. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: A teenage patient with AML, previously treated with multiple courses of systemic chemotherapy, radiation, and bone marrow transplant, presented with acute vision loss...
July 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809129/effect-of-methotrexate-vitamin-b12-on-dna-methylation-as-a-potential-factor-in-leukemia-treatment-related-neurotoxicity
#17
Victoria J Forster, Alex McDonnell, Rachel Theobald, Jill A McKay
Methotrexate (MTX) is administered to treat childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It acts by inhibiting dihydrofolate reductase which reduces methyltetrahydrofolate, a key component in one carbon metabolism, thus reducing cell proliferation. Further perturbations to one carbon metabolism, such as reduced vitamin B12 levels via the use of nitrous oxide for sedation during childhood ALL treatment, may increase neurotoxicity risk. With B12 as an enzymatic cofactor, methyltetrahydrofolate is essential to produce methionine, which is critical for DNA methylation...
September 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749114/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-admitted-for-intensive-care-a-single-centre-experience
#18
Shafaq Maqsood, Farhana Badar, Abdul Hameed
Background and Purpose: Patients with hematological malignancies admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) generally have a high mortality rate. The aim of our study was to assess the characteristics and outcomes of such patients and to identify factors predicting ICU mortality. Material and Methods: This retrospective chart review was conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU) of Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre over a period of 5 years, from January 2010 to January 2015. Results: Characteristics :A total of 213 patients were included in this study...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666906/craniospinal-irradiation-prior-to-stem-cell-transplant-for-hematologic-malignancies-with-cns-involvement-effectiveness-and-toxicity-after-photon-or-proton-treatment
#19
Jillian R Gunther, Ahmad R Rahman, Wenli Dong, Zeinab Abou Yehia, Partow Kebriaei, Gabriela Rondon, Chelsea C Pinnix, Sarah A Milgrom, Pamela K Allen, Bouthaina S Dabaja, Grace L Smith
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Craniospinal irradiation (CSI) improves local control of leukemia/lymphoma with central nervous system (CNS) involvement; however, for adult patients anticipating stem cell transplant (SCT), cumulative treatment toxicity is a major concern. We evaluated toxicities and outcomes for patients receiving proton or photon CSI before SCT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We identified 37 consecutive leukemia/lymphoma patients with CNS involvement who received CSI before SCT at our institution...
May 10, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649769/higher-rate-of-central-nervous-system-involvement-by-flow-cytometry-than-morphology-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#20
J Dass, A Dayama, P C Mishra, M Mahapatra, T Seth, S Tyagi, H P Pati, R Saxena
INTRODUCTION: Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is diagnosed traditionally by cytopathology (CP) of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Role of flow cytometry (FC) to diagnose CNS involvement has not been extensively investigated. METHODS: We aimed to detect CNS involvement in 42 ALL patients (33 B-ALL, nine T-ALL) at diagnosis by FC and comparing it with CP and to correlate it with known risk factors for CNS disease like Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)...
October 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
keyword
keyword
104406
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"