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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635684/-spatial-analysis-of-syphilis-and-gonorrhea-infections-in-a-public-health-service-in-madrid
#1
Irene G M Wijers, Amaya Sánchez Gómez, Jose Antonio Taveira Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Sexually transmitted diseases are a significant public health problem. Within the Madrid Autonomous Region, the districts with the highest syphilis and gonorrhea incidences are part of the same Public Health Service (Servicio de Salud Pública del Área 7, SSPA 7). The objective of this study was to identify, by spatial analysis, clusters of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in this SSPA in Madrid. METHODS: All confirmed syphilis and gonorrhea cases registered in SSPA 7 in Madrid were selected...
June 21, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627201/grado-de-malnutrici%C3%A3-n-y-su-relaci%C3%A3-n-con-los-principales-factores-estructurales-y-alimentarios-de-la-poblaci%C3%A3-n-preescolar-hondure%C3%A3-a-prevalencia-de-la-lactancia-materna-en-los-mismos
#2
Lorena Fernández Palacios, Elsa Barrientos Augustinus, Carolina Raudales Urquía, Carmen Frontela Saseta, Gaspar Ros Berruezo
Introducción: la desnutrición infantil sigue siendo un grave problema de salud pública en Honduras, con una prevalencia nacional según valores de referencia de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) del 29% en niños menores de cinco años. Además, el promedio de desnutrición crónica en la región asciende hasta el 80% en comunidades pobres e indígenas, convirtiendo a Honduras en el segundo país en la región centroamericana con mayor incidencia de desnutrición crónica. Otro de los problemas que presenta la región resulta del abandono precoz de la lactancia materna exclusiva: solo el 29,7% de los menores fue alimentado exclusivamente con leche materna hasta los seis meses...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627181/running-por-tu-esperma-beneficios-del-ejercicio-f%C3%A3-sico-en-la-calidad-semina
#3
José Carlos Fernández-García
La inactividad física y el aporte calórico excesivo son los determinantes principales de la obesidad, el problema de salud pública más importante en los países desarrollados y en vías de desarrollo, afectando a prácticamente todas las edades y grupos socioeconómicos y acarreando graves consecuencias sanitarias, sociales y económicas. En el varón, una de las comorbilidades más frecuentemente asociadas a la obesidad es el hipogonadismo, síndrome clínico que resulta de la incapacidad para producir concentraciones fisiológicas de testosterona, cantidades normales de esperma, o ambos...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591302/translation-and-adaptation-of-the-competencias-esenciales-en-salud-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-para-los-recursos-humanos-en-salud
#4
Maria de Lourdes de Almeida, Aida Maris Peres, Maria Manuela Frederico Ferreira, Maria de Fátima Mantovani
Objective: to perform the translation and cultural adaptation of the document named Marco Regional de Competencias Esenciales en Salud Pública para los Recursos Humanos en Salud de la Región de las Américas (Regional Framework of Core Competencies in Public Health for Health Human Resources in the Region of Americas) from Spanish to Brazilian Portuguese. Method: a methodological study comprising the following phases: authorization for translation; initial translation; synthesis of translations and consensus; back-translation and formation of an expert committee...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591297/organization-of-professional-practices-against-intrafamily-violence-against-children-and-adolescents-in-the-institutional-context
#5
Gabriele Schek, Mara Regina Santos da Silva, Carl Lacharité, Maria Emília Nunes Bueno
Objective: to analyze based on the practitioners' discourse, the way they organize their practices confronting situations of intra-family violence against children and adolescents. Method: qualitative research carried out with 15 professionals who work in social and health services located in the southernmost of Brazil. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, performed at the participants' workplace. We used a theoretical matrix to analyze the data, based on Institutional Ethnography and the technique of discursive textual analysis...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538840/-critical-appraisal-of-the-2016-management-and-overview-of-the-new-year-2017-by-the-revista-peruana-de-medicina-experimental-y-salud-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica
#6
EDITORIAL
Zuño Burstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501066/taxing-sugary-beverages-reduces-their-purchase-especially-among-poor-households
#7
Astha Singhal, Shilpi Joshi
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Beverage purchases from stores in Mexico under the excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages: observational study. Colchera MA, Popkin BM, Rivera JA, Ng SW. Br Med J 2016;352:h6704. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Bloomberg Philanthropies, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública and Carolina Population Center. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Observational study.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433403/-public-health-competencies-and-contents-in-spanish-university-degree-programmes-of-veterinary-medicine
#8
María Del Carmen Davó-Blanes, Carmen Vives-Cases, Belén Huerta
OBJECTIVE: To reach a consensus among public health faculty from various Spanish universities about the core public health competencies that should be integrated into the Veterinary Medicine degree training. METHODS: The 3rd Forum of University Professors of Public Health was held at the School of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Cordoba (12-13 January 2016). Forty-two university professors and lecturers from nine Spanish universities with veterinary degrees participated in the forum...
April 19, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421802/capital-psicol%C3%A3-gico-y-su-relaci%C3%A3-n-con-el-estilo-de-vida-de-universitarios-mexicanos
#9
Joel Omar González-Cantero, Roberto Oropeza Tena, Ferran Padrós Blázquez, Cecilia Colunga Rodríguez, Roberto Montes Delgado, Víctor Hugo González-Becerra
Introducción: en algunos estudios se ha reportado que los universitarios no tienen un estilo de vida saludable (EVS) por lo que es necesario identificar no solo las variables psicosociales negativas, sino también las variables de Psicología Positiva que pueden favorecerlo.Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre el capital psicológico (CapPsi) y el estilo de vida (EV) de estudiantes universitarios mexicanos.Método: se realizó un estudio transversal y correlacional con 320 estudiantes de una universidad pública...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#10
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301037/primary-care-for-diabetes-mellitus-patients-from-the-perspective-of-the-care-model-for-chronic-conditions
#11
Maria Aparecida Salci, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles, Denise Maria Guerreiro Vieira da Silva
Objective: to assess the health care Primary Health Care professionals provide to diabetes mellitus patients from the perspective of the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas. Method: qualitative study, using the theoretical framework of Complex Thinking and the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas and the methodological framework of assessment research. To collect the data, 38 interviews were held with health professionals and managers; observation of the activities by the health teams; and analysis of 25 files of people who received this care...
March 9, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286959/dietary-guidelines-for-the-spanish-population-senc-december-2016-the-new-graphic-icon-of-healthy-nutrition
#12
Javier Aranceta Bartrina, Victoria Arija Val, Edurne Maíz Aldalur, Emilio Martínez de la Victoria Muñoz, Rosa María Ortega Anta, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Joan Quiles Izquierdo, Amelia Rodríguez Martín, Blanca Román Viñas, Gemma Salvador Castell, Josep Antoni Tur Marí, Gregorio Varela Moreiras, Lluis Serra Majem
Objective: The Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC) designed in 1994 a food guide for the Spanish population, updated in 2001. This report presents a new updated edition based on the best scientifi c evidence available. Methods: From a health in all policies approach, a group of experts in nutrition and public health associated with SENC was convened to review the evidence on diet-health, nutrition intake and food consumption in the Spanish population, as well as food preparation and consumption habits, determinants and impact of diet on environmental sustainability...
December 7, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196425/dietary-guidelines-for-the-spanish-population-senc-diciembre-2016-the-new-graphic-icon-of-healthy-food
#13
Javier Aranceta Bartrina, Victoria Arija Val, Edurne Maíz Aldalur, Emilio Martínez de Victoria Muñoz, Rosa María Ortega Anta, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Joan Quiles Izquierdo, Amelia Rodríguez Martín, Blanca Román Viñas, Gemma Salvador Castell, Josep Antoni Tur Marí, Gregorio Varela Moreira, Lluis Serra Majem
Objective: The Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC) designed in 1994 a food guide for the Spanish population, updated in 2001. This report presents a new updated edition based on the best scientific evidence available. Methods: From a health in all policies approach, a group of experts in nutrition and public health associated with SENC was convened to review the evidence on diet-health, nutrition intake and food consumption in the Spanish population, as well as food preparation and consumption habits, determinants and impact of diet on environmental sustainability...
December 7, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161740/serious-fungal-infections-in-ecuador
#14
J Zurita, D W Denning, A Paz-Y-Miño, M B Solís, L M Arias
There is a dearth of data from Ecuador on the burden of life-threatening fungal disease entities; therefore, we estimated the burden of serious fungal infections in Ecuador based on the populations at risk and available epidemiological databases and publications. A full literature search was done to identify all epidemiology papers reporting fungal infection rates. WHO, ONU-AIDS, Index Mundi, Global Asthma Report, Globocan, and national data [Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), Ministerio de Salud Pública (MSP), Sociedad de Lucha Contra el Cáncer (SOLCA), Instituto Nacional de Donación y Trasplante de Órganos, Tejidos y Células (INDOT)] were reviewed...
February 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#15
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993701/comprehensive-expression-analysis-of-pathogenicity-genes-in-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-strains
#16
Gloria Luz Paniagua-Contreras, Tania Hernández-Jaimes, Eric Monroy-Pérez, Felipe Vaca-Paniagua, Clara Díaz-Velásquez, Alina Uribe-García, Sergio Vaca
In this study, we investigated distinct expression patterns of genes encoding iron-acquisition systems, adhesins, protectins, and toxins in human uroepithelial cells infected with 194 uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains in vitro. We assessed the association of these genes with antibiotic resistance genes in this group of UPEC strains, previously characterised by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Strains were isolated from patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs) from Unidad Médica Familiar de Salud Pública, located in Estado de México, México...
February 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982361/canada-united-states-mexico-trilateral-cooperation-on-childhood-obesity-initiative
#17
Cristina Rabadán-Diehl, Margarita Safdie, Rachel Rodin
Childhood obesity is an important public health problem that affects countries in the Americas. In 2014, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Member States agreed on a Plan of Action for the Prevention of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in an effort to address the impact of this disorder in the Americas region. The interventions laid out in this regional plan are multi-faceted and require multi-sectoral partnerships. Building on a strong history of successful trilateral collaboration, Canada, Mexico, and the United States formed a partnership to address the growing epidemic of childhood obesity in the North American region...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905351/-visualizing-research-lines-in-public-health-an-analysis-based-on-bibliometric-maps-applied-to-the-revista-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-salud-p%C3%A3%C2%BAblica-2006-2015
#18
Carmen Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: Identifying research lines is essential to understand the knowledge structure of a scientific domain. The aim of this study was to identify the main research topics of within the domain of public health, in the Revista Española de Saslud Pública during 2006-2015. METHODS: Original articles included in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) database, available online through the Web of Science (WoS), were selected. The analysis units used were the keywords, KeyWords Plus (KW+), extracted automatically by SSCI...
December 1, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878217/factors-associated-with-young-adults-knowledge-regarding-family-history-of-stroke
#19
Maria Jose Melo Ramos Lima, Thereza Maria Magalhães Moreira, Raquel Sampaio Florêncio, Predro Braga
Objective: to analyze the factors associated with young adults' knowledge regarding family history of stroke. Method: an analytical transversal study, with 579 young adults from state schools, with collection of sociodemographic, clinical and risk factor-related variables, analyzed using logistic regression (backward elimination). Results: a statistical association was detected between age, civil status, and classification of arterial blood pressure and abdominal circumference with knowledge of family history of stroke...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869392/-detection-of-aedes-albopictus-skuse-diptera-culicidae-in-the-municipality-of-istmina-choc%C3%A3-colombia
#20
José Joaquín Carvajal, Nildimar Alves Honorio, Silvia Patricia Díaz, Edinso Rafael Ruiz, Jimmy Asprilla, Susanne Ardila, Gabriel Parra-Henao
INTRODUCTION: Aedes albopictus is widely distributed around the world. Its introduction to the Americas occurred in 1985 and it is considered a potential vector of dengue viruses and one of the principal vectors of chikungunya virus. In Colombia, this species was reported for the first time in Leticia (Amazonas) in 1998, followed by Buenaventura (Valle del Cauca) in 2001, Barrancabermeja (Santander) in 2010, and Medellín (Antioquia) in 2011. So far, this species has been reported in ten departments of the country...
September 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
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