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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136515/associations-between-feelings-of-social-anxiety-and-emotion-perception
#1
Spencer K Lynn, Eric Bui, Susanne S Hoeppner, Emily B O'Day, Sophie A Palitz, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Naomi M Simon
BACKGROUND: Abnormally biased perceptual judgment is a feature of many psychiatric disorders. Thus, individuals with social anxiety disorder are biased to recall or interpret social events negatively. Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses such bias by teaching patients, via verbal instruction, to become aware of and change pathological misjudgment. The present study examined whether targeting verbal instruction to specific decision parameters that influence perceptual judgment may affect changes in anger perception...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117427/impact-of-a-nursing-in-psychiatry-course-on-students-attitudes-toward-mental-health-disorders
#2
Goran Arbanas, Dina Bosnjak, Tamara Sabo
Negative attitudes toward patients with mental illnesses are not uncommon among health professionals, and lead to poorer quality and outcomes of care. Because attitudes are formed early in life, the current study aimed to investigate if teaching psychiatry in secondary school nursing students (i.e., adolescents) changes attitudes toward three prevalent psychiatric disorders: schizophrenia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression. A pilot quasi-experimental study was conducted with 51 fourth-year students in secondary nursing school who completed a questionnaire regarding attitudes toward these disorders on the first and last day of their Nursing in Psychiatry course...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109559/curriculum-in-psychiatry-and-neurology-for-pharmacy-programs
#3
Julie A Dopheide, Jolene R Bostwick, Lisa W Goldstone, Kelan Thomas, Ruth Nemire, Kelly N Gable, Marshall Cates, Joshua Caballero, Tawny Smith, Jacquelyn Bainbridge
Objective. To describe pharmacy curricula in psychiatry and neurology and to report on neuropsychiatric pharmacy specialists' views on optimal curriculum. Methods. Design and administer one electronic survey to accredited pharmacy programs asking them to report information on curricula in psychiatry and neurology for the 2014-2015 academic year. Design and administer a separate electronic survey to board certified pharmacists with an academic affiliation who are members of the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists (CPNP) asking about their teaching activities and their opinion on optimal curricula...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096116/courage-to-care-for-our-united-states-veterans-a-constructivist-way-of-teaching-and-learning-for-future-nurses
#4
Edna R Magpantay-Monroe
The knowledge and skills in providing veteran centered care is essential. The purpose of this retrospective evaluation is to examine a faculty's reflections on a BSN psychiatric mental health curriculum initiative that provides knowledge and skills regarding veterans care through several avenues to senior nursing students. This qualitative study use self-reflections through a constructivist view of teaching and learning as the framework. Open discussions in didactic about the unique psychological health issues of veterans formed a foundational knowledge for the students...
October 20, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082744/case-formulation-using-pattern-based-formulation-pbf-methodology-clinical-case-2
#5
Irosh Fernando, Mahesh Rajasooriya
OBJECTIVES: To teach psychiatric case formulation; to build a repertoire of patterns that can be reused as building blocks in constructing case formulations. METHOD: Pattern-based Formulation. RESULTS: Demonstration of a case formulation and introducing three patterns. CONCLUSION: The demonstration will assist learning case formulation using the Pattern-based Formulation, while the three patterns introduced can be reused when formulating relevant cases...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042875/current-challenges-and-future-opportunities-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-japan
#6
REVIEW
Masaru Tateno, Takahiko Inagaki, Takuya Saito, Anthony P S Guerrero, Norbert Skokauskas
Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038990/personality-and-alexithymic-disparity-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-based-on-washing-and-checking
#7
Hwa-Sheng Tang, Po-Fei Chen, For-Wey Lung
The aim of this study was to investigate pathway relationship of personality characteristics and alexithymic traits in OCD symptoms of obsession, and compulsive behavior of washing and checking. Two-hundred and seventy patients diagnosed with OCD were consecutively recruited from the psychiatric outpatient department of a teaching hospital. Structural equation modeling showed those more neurotic, less extraverted and with higher levels of alexithymia difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally oriented thinking (EOT) were more likely to develop obsessive thoughts...
October 17, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019115/what-do-final-year-medical-students-understand-by-the-concept-of-recovery-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#8
Giles Newton-Howes, Georgia Beverley, Pete M Ellis, Sarah Gordon, William Levack
OBJECTIVE: Traditional teaching in psychiatry does little to address recovery concepts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incorporation of a recovery-focused teaching program for medical students in psychiatry. METHODS: Recovery, as understood by medical students who had participated in a recovery-focused teaching program, was assessed by thematic analysis of recovery-focused assessment reflections. RESULTS: Six major themes emerged from the recovery reflections from final year medical students are as follows: (1) recovery as a person-centered approach, (2) the need for social integration, (3) non-diagnostic framing of mental illness, (4) tensions between the medical model and personal recovery, (5) a patient's willingness to engage with mental health services, and (6) the development of a positive sense of self...
October 10, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986778/students-learning-experiences-from-didactic-teaching-sessions-including-patient-case-examples-as-either-text-or-video-a-qualitative-study
#9
Kamilla Pedersen, Martin Holdgaard Moeller, Charlotte Paltved, Ole Mors, Charlotte Ringsted, Anne Mette Morcke
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore medical students' learning experiences from the didactic teaching formats using either text-based patient cases or video-based patient cases with similar content. The authors explored how the two different patient case formats influenced students' perceptions of psychiatric patients and students' reflections on meeting and communicating with psychiatric patients. METHODS: The authors conducted group interviews with 30 medical students who volunteered to participate in interviews and applied inductive thematic content analysis to the transcribed interviews...
October 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953844/psychiatric-manifestation-of-patients-with-epilepsy-in-mosul-iraq
#10
Khalid Omar Sultan, Bashar Shaker Mahmood, Zainab Najim, Dhiher Jameel Al-Habboo, Hellme Najim
BACKGROUND: It has been proven that physical morbidity is related to psychiatric illness. Some physical illnesses are more related to psychiatric morbidity compared to others. Epilepsy is considered one of them, as patients who suffer from epilepsy has disturbances of consciousness and this leads to a variety of psychological disturbance in addition to the psychological and social impact of the illness. AIMS: To identify risk factors and psychiatric morbidity in epilepsy, in order to try to manage it and improve outcome of this illness and enhance quality of life...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942693/training-to-reduce-behavioral-health-disparities-how-do-we-optimally-prepare-family-medicine-residents-for-practice-in-rural-communities
#11
Jennifer S Robohm
Family physicians are a critical part of the healthcare system in rural areas, but little is known about the training they need to more effectively address behavioral health disparities. Practicing family physicians in Montana were surveyed about the behavioral health needs of their patients, the behavioral resources at their disposal, their prioritization of a number of behavioral skills and interventions in the training of family physicians, factors that limit their own use of behavioral skills, and the extent of their behavioral science training...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931411/topiramate-s-effectiveness-on-weight-reduction-in-overweight-obese-persons-with-schizophrenia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Miyuru Chandradasa, Layani Champika, Silumini de Silva, K A L A Kuruppuarachchi
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder with a higher mortality than that of the general population. Most of the deaths are due to cardiovascular causes and are related to metabolic risks. This risk is due not only to antipsychotics but also to inherent factors of the disorder. Studies in the West have shown topiramate to be effective in schizophrenia to reduce weight gain and for symptomatic control. Whether this is effective for South Asians is not known. It is important because South Asians have a higher risk of metabolic syndrome...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917392/description-of-a-multi-university-education-and-collaborative-care-child-psychiatry-access-program-new-york-state-s-cap-pc
#13
D L Kaye, V Fornari, M Scharf, W Fremont, R Zuckerbrot, C Foley, T Hargrave, B A Smith, J Wallace, G Blakeslee, J Petras, S Sengupta, J Singarayer, A Cogswell, I Bhatia, P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Although, child mental health problems are widespread, few get adequate treatment, and there is a severe shortage of child psychiatrists. To address this public health need many states have adopted collaborative care programs to assist primary care to better assess and manage pediatric mental health concerns. This report adds to the small literature on collaborative care programs and describes one large program that covers most of New York state. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: CAP PC, a component program of New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) Project TEACH, has provided education and consultation support to primary care providers covering most of New York state since 2010...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917190/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-dissociation-between-childhood-trauma-and-two-different-types-of-psychosis-like-experience
#14
Ji Young Choi
This study examined the roles of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms and dissociation in the relationship between childhood trauma and two different types of psychosis-like experience, including persecutory ideation and aberrant experience, in non-psychotic psychiatric patients. From August 2015 to August 2016, among psychiatric out patients seeking treatment at the Department of Psychiatry at a major teaching medical hospital in Seoul, Korea, 169 patients who had never been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, including schizophrenia spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, and/or depressive disorder with psychotic features, completed the Korean Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, the modified Korean version of the Peritraumatic Dissociation Experiences Questionnaire, and the Korean Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856918/original-opinion-the-use-of-bloom-s-taxonomy-to-teach-and-assess-the-skill-of-the-psychiatric-formulation-during-vocational-training
#15
Wayne A de Beer
OBJECTIVES: This paper proposes the use of the cognitive domain of Bloom's Taxonomy, an educational classification system, to guide the critical thinking required for the composition of the psychiatric formulation during the various stages of specialist training. CONCLUSIONS: Bloom's Taxonomy offers a hierarchical, structured approach to clinical reasoning. Use of this method can assist supervisors and trainees to understand better the concepts of and offer a developmental approach to critical reasoning...
August 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841578/psychiatric-presentations-during-all-4-phases-of-the-lunar-cycle
#16
Omar J Francis, Bryan J Kopke, Anthony J Affatato, Robert W Jarski
Context • Anecdotal evidence concerning a relationship between human illnesses and a full moon is frequently claimed by as many as 81% of mental health workers. Previous scientific investigations have studied only the full-moon phase and its possible effect on psychiatric presentations. However, information is limited about all 4 phases of the lunar cycle and their effects on different types of psychiatric disorders. Objective • This study primarily intended to evaluate the number of psychiatric presentations to a hospital's emergency department across all 4 phases of the lunar cycle...
July 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792580/-mental-health-in-primary-care-applying-psychiatric-knowledge-to-primary-care-or-a-whole-different-practice
#17
Philippe Karazivan, Marie Leclaire, Cédric Andres
BACKGROUND: In Canada and several other countries, large cohorts of patients who used to be followed in psychiatric clinics are now steered toward primary care. To support this new reality, measures have been taken and investments made in service organization, collaborative work arrangements, and teaching geared toward primary care clinicians. However, these initiatives were implemented when little was known about GPs' needs. METHODS: Using a qualitative approach, we analyzed the content of GPs' statements to explore when, why, and for what concerns GPs are inclined to collaborate with or seek advice from psychiatrists...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771286/a-walk-in-my-shoes-using-art-to-explore-the-lived-experience-of-psychiatric-mental-health-standardized-patients
#18
Debra Webster, Judith M Jarosinski
Use of standardized patients (SPs) to teach mental health nursing skills is increasing. Although the literature regarding the effectiveness of this teaching strategy supports its use, information regarding the effect of portraying mental illness on SPs is lacking. Using a qualitative approach incorporating art as expression, this effect was examined. Five SPs created an artistic expression to describe their work portraying an individual with mental illness while working with senior nursing students enrolled in a psychiatric-mental health clinical nursing course...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762507/increasing-physical-activity-for-veterans-in-the-mental-health-intensive-case-management-program-a-community-based-intervention
#19
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750156/psychiatric-conditions-as-predictors-of-rehospitalization-among-african-american-patients-hospitalized-with-heart-failure
#20
Marvin Louis Roy Lu, Toni Anne De Venecia, Abhinav Goyal, Mary Rodriguez Ziccardi, Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Mahek Kishor Shah, Carlos D Davila, Vincent M Figueredo
INTRODUCTION: African Americans (AAs) have the highest risk of developing heart failure (HF) among all ethnicities in the United States and are associated with higher rates of readmissions and mortality. This study aims to determine the prevalence and relationship of common psychiatric conditions to outcomes of patients hospitalized with HF. HYPOTHESIS: Psychiatric conditions lead to worse outcomes in HF patients. METHODS: This single-center retrospective study enrolled 611 AA patients admitted to an urban teaching community hospital for HF from 2010 to 2013...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
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