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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739528/innovative-educational-initiatives-to-train-psychodynamic-psychiatrists-in-underserved-areas-of-the-world
#1
REVIEW
César A Alfonso, Marco Christian Michael, Sylvia Detri Elvira, Hazli Zakaria, Rasmon Kalayasiri, Aida Syarinaz A Adlan, Mahdieh Moinalghorabaei, Petrin Redayani Lukman, Mohammad San'ati, Katerina Duchonova, Timothy B Sullivan
Psychodynamic psychiatry remains a challenging subject to teach in underserved areas, where enthusiasm to learn is substantial. Besides logistical and psychiatric workforce shortcomings, sensible cultural adaptations to make psychodynamic psychiatry relevant outside of high-income countries require creative effort. Innovative pedagogical methods that include carefully crafted mentoring and incorporate videoconferencing in combination with site visits can be implemented through international collaborations. Emphasis on mentoring is essential to adequately train future psychodynamic psychotherapy supervisors...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682345/the-effect-of-interpersonal-counseling-for-subthreshold-depression-in-undergraduates-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ami Yamamoto, Emi Tsujimoto, Reiko Taketani, Noa Tsujii, Osamu Shirakawa, Hisae Ono
Background: Subthreshold depression and poor stress coping strategies are major public health problems among undergraduates. Interpersonal counseling (IPC) is a brief structured psychological intervention originally designed for use in primary care to treat depressive patients whose symptoms arose from current life stress. Objectives: This study examined the efficacy of IPC in treating subthreshold depression and coping strategies among undergraduates in school counseling...
2018: Depression Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681246/mentalising-skills-in-generic-mental-healthcare-settings-can-we-make-our-day-to-day-interactions-more-therapeutic
#3
H J Welstead, J Patrick, T C Russ, G Cooney, C M Mulvenna, C Maclean, A Polnay
Aims and methodCaring for patients with personality disorder is one of the biggest challenges in psychiatric work. We investigated whether mentalisation-based treatment skills (MBT-S) teaching improves clinicians' understanding of mentalising and attitudes towards personality disorder. Self-report questionnaires (Knowledge and Application of MBT (KAMQ) and Attitudes to Personality Disorder (APDQ)) were completed at baseline and after a 2-day MBT-S workshop. RESULTS: Ninety-two healthcare professionals completed questionnaires before and after training...
April 23, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667695/walking-on-eggshells-addressing-nursing-students-fear-of-the-psychiatric-clinical-setting
#4
Samuel P Abraham, Connie Cramer, Helen Palleschi
The current article discusses the feelings of nursing students as they enter their psychiatric rotation. Most nursing students are apprehensive of the psychiatric clinical setting. After more than 25 years of teaching, observing, and listening to remarks from students, the current researchers have discovered two major situations nursing students fear most about the psychiatric clinical setting: handling an assaultive patient and communication. Students have heard stories from the media and come with preconceived ideas about the psychiatric setting...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627192/why-do-the-very-old-self-harm-a-qualitative-study
#5
Anne P F Wand, Carmelle Peisah, Brian Draper, Henry Brodaty
OBJECTIVES: To examine the perspectives of people aged 80 years or older who self-harmed regarding their reasons for self-harm and its consequences, and their perceptions of care. DESIGN: A qualitative study using in-depth interviews. SETTING: Participants were recruited from two teaching hospitals and associated community services. PARTICIPANTS: People aged 80 years or older who had self-harmed within the previous month...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626292/faculty-development-for-teaching-faculty-in-psychiatry-where-we-are-and-what-we-need
#6
Sallie G De Golia, Consuelo C Cagande, Mary S Ahn, Lisa M Cullins, Art Walaszek, Deborah S Cowley
OBJECTIVE: A Faculty Development Task Force surveyed the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training membership to assess faculty development for graduate medical education faculty in psychiatry departments and barriers to seeking graduate medical education careers. METHODS: An anonymous Survey Monkey survey was emailed to 722 American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training members. The survey included questions about demographics, the current state of faculty development offerings within the respondent's psychiatry department and institution, and potential American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training faculty development programming...
April 6, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588829/the-effectiveness-of-clinical-teaching-of-mental-health-courses-in-nursing-using-clinical-supervision-and-kirkpatrick-s-model
#7
Maryam Maddineshat, Mitra Hashemi, Reza Besharati, Sepideh Gholami, Fatemeh Ghavidel
Background: Clinical experience associated with the fear and anxiety of nursing students in the psychiatric unit. Mental health nursing instructors find it challenging to teach nursing students to deal with patients with mental disorders in an environment where they need to provide patient teaching and clinical decision-making based on evidence and new technology. Objective: To measure the effectiveness of clinical teaching of mental health courses in nursing using clinical supervision and Kirkpatrick's model evaluation in the psychiatry unit of Imam Reza Hospital, Bojnurd, Iran...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569042/-nobody-came-to-help-interviews-with-women-convicted-of-filicide-in-malaysia
#8
Salmi Razali, Jane Fisher, Maggie Kirkman
Although filicide is of serious concern, it is poorly understood in Malaysia. Our interviews with health and policy professionals revealed that they attribute responsibility for filicide to women's failure to comply with social norms and religious teachings. This research sought to understand the meaning of and background to filicide from the perspectives of women who have been convicted of filicide in Malaysia. In-depth interviews were conducted in person with all eligible and consenting women convicted of filicide and incarcerated in prisons or forensic psychiatric institutions...
March 22, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567592/training-students-to-detect-delirium-an-interprofessional-pilot-study
#9
Breah Chambers, Mary Meyer, Moya Peterson
AIM: The purpose of this paper is to report nursing student knowledge acquisition and attitude after completing and interprofessional simulation with medical students. INTRODUCTION: The IOM has challenged healthcare educators to teach teamwork and communication skills in interprofessional settings. Interprofessional simulation provides a higher fidelity experience than simulation in silos. Simulation may be particularly useful in helping healthcare workers gain the necessary skills to care for psychiatric clients...
June 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563884/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-young-athletes-using-the-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale
#10
Stephanie Weber, Christian Puta, Melanie Lesinski, Brunhild Gabriel, Thomas Steidten, Karl-Jürgen Bär, Marco Herbsleb, Urs Granacher, Holger H W Gabriel
Elite young athletes have to cope with multiple psychological demands such as training volume, mental and physical fatigue, spatial separation of family and friends or time management problems may lead to reduced mental and physical recovery. While normative data regarding symptoms of anxiety and depression for the general population is available (Hinz and Brähler, 2011), hardly any information exists for adolescents in general and young athletes in particular. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess overall symptoms of anxiety and depression in young athletes as well as possible sex differences...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537889/treatment-of-severe-problem-behaviour-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disabilities
#11
Eli T Newcomb, Louis P Hagopian
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disabilities (ID) present with problem behaviour at rates disproportionately higher than their typically-developing peers. Problem behaviour, such as self-injury, aggression, pica, disruption, and elopement result in a diminished quality-of-life for the individual and family. Applied behaviour analysis has a well-established research base, detailing a number of assessment and treatment methods designed to address behaviour problems in children with ASD and ID...
March 14, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527063/central-institute-of-psychiatry-a-fictional-journey-to-past-in-a-time-machine
#12
Tapas Kumar Aich, Basudeb Das, T Sudhakar Bhat
A fictional journey was planned and carried out in a time machine, to know and understand the glorious past of Central Institute of Psychiatry (CIP), Ranchi. As Dr. Anand, the protagonist, went through different periods in the history of CIP, he narrated his experiences while meeting different peoples in different clinical settings. In this journey, he met Lt. Col Berkeley-Hill at European Mental Hospital, as it was in the 1930s. He tried to understand the relevance of Professor Mapother's report and its essence in relation to European and Indian psychiatric scenario during inter-war period, the significance of Moore-Taylor's report, and the direction of psychiatric training and teaching during postindependence era under Major RB Davis as the superintendent of Hospital for Mental Diseases (HMD)...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527055/mental-hospitals-in-india-reforms-for-the-future
#13
REVIEW
Muktesh Daund, Sushma Sonavane, Amresh Shrivastava, Avinash Desousa, Sanjay Kumawat
Mental hospitals are an integral part of mental health services in India. It is an interesting story how mental hospitals have responded to the challenges of contemporary period they were built in. It is beyond doubt that it is a progressive journey along with advances in mental health both in India and internationally. As in other countries, mental hospitals in India have responded to the social challenges, disparities, and poor resources of workforce and fiscal investment. Historically, there have been changes and three major reforms are needed, namely attempt to facilitate discharge and placing patients back into the family, introducing teaching and research in mental hospitals, and accountability to civil rights as per the requirements of the National Human Rights Commission...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497199/primary-prevention-in-psychiatry-in-general-hospitals-in-south-asia
#14
Mamta Sood, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil
The focus of primary prevention is on reducing the disease incidence. Primary prevention in mental health has been given minimal priority in low-resource settings with no significant investments. General hospitals are one of the main providers of mental health services in South Asia. This paper focuses on primary prevention activities, which can be undertaken in a general hospital in South Asia with abysmally low-mental health resources. For implementing primary prevention in psychiatry, a general hospital may be conceptualized as a population unit, located in a well-populated area with easy accessibility where different kinds of communities, for example, students and resident doctors, consultants, patients and their caregivers, and paramedical, nursing, administrative and other supportive staff, coexist and have varied functions...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496134/the-new-york-brain-bank-of-columbia-university-practical-highlights-of-35-years-of-experience
#15
Etty Paola Cortes Ramirez, Christian Ernst Keller, Jean Paul Vonsattel
The New York Brain Bank processes brains and organs of clinically well-characterized patients with age-related neurodegenerative diseases, and for comparison, from individuals without neurologic or psychiatric impairments. The donors, either patients or individuals, were evaluated at healthcare facilities of the Columbia University of New York. Each source brain yields four categories of samples: fresh frozen blocks and crushed parenchyma, and formalin-fixed wet blocks and histology sections. A source brain is thoroughly evaluated to determine qualitatively and quantitatively any changes it might harbor using conventional neuropathologic techniques...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480190/the-first-historically-reported-italian-family-with-ftd-als-teaches-a-lesson-on-c9orf72-re-clinical-heterogeneity-and-oligogenic-inheritance
#16
Maria Pia Giannoccaro, Anna Bartoletti-Stella, Silvia Piras, Alfonsina Casalena, Federico Oppi, Giovanni Ambrosetto, Pasquale Montagna, Rocco Liguori, Piero Parchi, Sabina Capellari
BACKGROUND: In 1969, Dazzi and Finizio reported the second observation of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) association in a large Italian kindred affected by an autosomal dominant form of ALS with high penetrance, frequent bulbar onset, and frequent cognitive decline. OBJECTIVE: To expand the original characterization of this family and report the link with the C9orf72 repeat expansion (RE). METHODS: We followed or reviewed the medical records of thirteen patients belonging to the original family and performed genetic analyses in four individuals...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479707/occupational-stress-coping-strategies-and-psychological-related-outcomes-of-nurses-working-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#17
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Sonia Elsayed, Hussein Tumah
AIMS: Psychiatric nurses experience a wide range of stressful events, evolving from the care of violent, aggressive patients, recurrent relapse, and poor prognosis of mental disorders. The aim of the study was to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and levels of depression among psychiatric nurses. METHODS: A descriptive correlation design was conducted on psychiatric nurses working in mental health settings Port-Said, Egypt. Data were collected from 70 nurses at a mental health hospital...
February 25, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479098/frequency-of-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-depression-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Rana Mozammil Shamsher Khan, Ather Muneer, Kalsoom Nawaz, Iffat Shehzadi, Mariam Zahid, Aaruj Iqbal, Sadia Jabeen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of obsessive compulsive symptoms in patients suffering from depression. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Allama Iqbal Memorial Teaching, Sialkot, Pakistan, from February 2014 to March 2017, and comprised patients suffering from depression. Every patient was examined by a consultant psychiatrist or a senior medical officer in psychiatry, and a psychologist to establish clinical diagnosis of depression according to the tenth revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems...
February 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473133/self-assessment-of-teaching-skills-among-psychiatric-residents
#19
Meredith Spada, Wynne Lundblad, Jody Glance, Jason Rosenstock, Priya Gopalan, Pierre N Azzam, Sansea L Jacobson, Michael J Travis
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry residency programs have increasingly emphasized the role of resident-as-teacher; however, little is known about resident self-perceptions of teaching skills. This study reports on psychiatry residents' self-perceived skills in teaching medical students and compares cohort ratings with anonymous medical student evaluations of residents as teachers at our large academic residency program. METHODS: In May-June 2016, 84 residents in our program were surveyed using an anonymous, web-based survey, and this data was then compared to 3 years of aggregate data from anonymous student evaluations of resident teaching at our institution...
February 22, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459194/the-value-of-psychosocial-group-activity-in-nursing-education-a-qualitative-analysis
#20
Yun-Jung Choi
BACKGROUND: Nursing faculty often struggle to find effective teaching strategies for nursing students that integrate group work into nursing students' learning activities. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate students' experiences in a psychiatric and mental health nursing course using psychosocial group activities to develop therapeutic communication and interpersonal relationship skills, as well as to introduce psychosocial nursing interventions. METHODS: A qualitative research design was used...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
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