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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529368/what-they-think-of-us-a-study-of-teaching-medical-specialists-attitude-towards-psychiatry-in-india
#1
Suravi Patra, Binod Kumar Patro
CONTEXT: Attitudes of teaching medical specialists are important in shaping medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry. Data on attitudes of teaching medical specialists of India toward psychiatry are limited. AIMS: The aim was to study the attitude of teaching medical specialists of an academic medical center in East India toward psychiatry. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered attitude toward psychiatry-30 (ATP 30) scale to teaching medical specialists of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, based on convenience sampling...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483271/-mindful-neuropsychology-mindfulness-based-cognitive-remediation
#2
E Bulzacka, S Lavault, A Pelissolo, C Bagnis Isnard
OBJECTIVES: Mindfulness based interventions (MBI) have recently gained much interest in western medicine. MBSR paradigm is based on teaching participants to pay complete attention to the present experience and act nonjudgmentally towards stressful events. During this mental practice the meditator focuses his or her attention on the sensations of the body. While the distractions (mental images, thoughts, emotional or somatic states) arise the participant is taught to acknowledge discursive thoughts and cultivate the state of awareness without immediate reaction...
May 5, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482277/serum-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-risk-of-psychiatric-disorder-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Akihiro Yamashita, Hiroko Noguchi, Kei Hamazaki, Yasuhiro Sato, Tomomi Narisawa, Yuzuru Kawashima, Masato Usuki, Daisuke Nishi, Haruo Yoshimasu, Naoshi Horikawa, Yutaka J Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: Around 20% of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) develop depression. Furthermore, some observational studies revealed baseline polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may affect the prognosis of depression after ACS. This prospective cohort study examined the association between psychiatric disorder and PUFAs after ACS. METHODS: Subjects were ACS patients admitted to a Tokyo teaching hospital. Psychiatric morbidity as a primary endpoint was measured using structured interview 3 months after admission...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479895/referral-letters-to-the-psychiatrist-in-nigeria-is-communication-adequate
#4
Oluyomi Esan, Oluremi Oladele
OBJECTIVE: Over half of patients with psychiatric disorders are first seen by primary care physicians before referral to the psychiatrist. An efficient referral system is, therefore, important to offering quality care to such patients. Communication between physicians is often sub-optimal and referral letters to specialists sometimes provide inadequate information. The current study's aim was to observe the prevalence of deficiencies in the referral letters to a department of psychiatry in a Nigerian teaching hospital...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476484/organization-of-dopamine-and-serotonin-system-anatomical-and-functional-mapping-of-monosynaptic-inputs-using-rabies-virus
#5
REVIEW
Sachie K Ogawa, Mitsuko Watabe-Uchida
Dopamine and serotonin play critical roles in flexible behaviors and are related to various psychiatric and motor disorders. This paper reviews the global organization of dopamine and serotonin systems through recent findings using a modified rabies virus. We first introduce methods for comprehensive mapping of monosynaptic inputs. We then describe quantitative comparisons across the data regarding monosynaptic inputs to dopamine neurons versus serotonin neurons. There is surprising similarity between the input to dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the input to serotonin neurons in the dorsal raphe (DR), suggesting functional interactions between these systems...
May 2, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460585/navigating-undiagnosed-dissociative-identity-disorder-in-the-inpatient-setting-a-case-report
#6
Theresa M Urbina, Tania May, Michelle Hastings
BACKGROUND: This case illustrates previously undiagnosed dissociative identity disorder (DID) in a middle-aged female with extensive childhood trauma, who was high functioning prior to a trigger that caused a reemergence of her symptoms. The trigger sparked a dissociative state, attempted suicide, and subsequent inpatient psychiatric hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: Practitioners should include in their differential and screen for undiagnosed DID in patients with episodic psychiatric hospitalizations refractory to the standard treatments for previously diagnosed mental illnesses...
May 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378365/sleep-quality-of-german-soldiers-before-during-and-after-deployment-in-afghanistan-a-prospective-study
#7
Heidi Danker-Hopfe, Cornelia Sauter, Jens T Kowalski, Stefan Kropp, Andreas Ströhle, Ulrich Wesemann, Peter L Zimmermann
In this prospective study, subjective sleep quality and excessive daytime sleepiness prior to, during and after deployment of German soldiers in Afghanistan were examined. Sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; PSQI) and daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale; ESS) were assessed in 118 soldiers of the German army, who were deployed in Afghanistan for 6 months (deployment group: DG) and in 146 soldiers of a non-deployed control group (CG) at baseline. Results of the longitudinal analysis are reported, based on assessments conducted prior to, during the deployment and afterwards in the DG, and in the CG in parallel...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377541/depression-and-associated-factors-in-hospitalized-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-saudi-teaching-hospital
#8
Sultan Hassan Alamri, Abdulaziz Ihsan Bari, Abdulrahman Talal Ali
BACKGROUND: Depression in the elderly is a serious and often underdiagnosed psychiatric disorder that has been linked to adverse outcomes in the hospital setting. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of depression and possible associated factors among hospitalized elderly. DESIGN: An analytical cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Medical and surgical wards of King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 200 consecutively hospitalized patients aged 60 years and older...
March 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377088/jules-tinel-1879-1952-beyond-the-eponym-the-man-and-his-forgotten-neurological-contributions
#9
REVIEW
O Walusinski
The trauma of World War I had a lasting impact on clinician and physiologist Jules Tinel (1879-1952). His treatment of peripheral nervous system injuries led him, in 1917, to describe the eponymous sign that he linked to activity of the sympathetic nervous system. Among the sequelae of nerve injuries, he was confronted with causalgia that he attributed, here again, to the autonomic nervous system, the main focus of his laboratory research throughout his career. Tinel's sign became so well known that it eclipsed the originality of his seminal descriptions of exertional headache and of hypertensive emergency caused by pheochromocytoma, which could also have been associated with his name...
April 1, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364156/predicting-postoperative-complications-after-bariatric-surgery-the-bariatric-surgery-index-for-complications-basic
#10
Usha K Coblijn, Julian Karres, Christel A L de Raaff, Steve M M de Castro, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Willem F van Tets, H Jaap Bonjer, Bart A van Wagensveld
BACKGROUND: Around 20% of bariatric surgery patients develop a short- or long-term complication. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to develop a risk model predicting complications: the Bariatric Surgery Index for Complications (BASIC). SETTING: The Obesity Center Amsterdam, located in a large teaching hospital, in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. METHODS: A prospective consecutive database including patients operated between November 2007 and February 2015 was used...
March 31, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328824/early-use-of-noninvasive-techniques-for-clearing-respiratory-secretions-during-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-hypercapnic-encephalopathy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Jinrong Wang, Zhaobo Cui, Shuhong Liu, Xiuling Gao, Pan Gao, Yi Shi, Shufen Guo, Peipei Li
Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NPPV) might be superior to conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPDs). Inefficient clearance of respiratory secretions provokes NPPV failure in patients with hypercapnic encephalopathy (HE). This study compared CMV and NPPV combined with a noninvasive strategy for clearing secretions in HE and AECOPD patients.The present study is a prospective cohort study of AECOPD and HE patients enrolled between October 2013 and August 2015 in a critical care unit of a major university teaching hospital in China...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287191/-history-of-clinical-psychiatry-of-sapienza-university-of-rome-in-policlinico-umberto-i
#12
Maria Antonietta Coccanari De' Fornari, Angela Iannitelli, Massimo Biondi
The present article intends to go over the history of the Psychiatric Clinic of the Sapienza University of Rome, starting from the beginning of the teaching of Psychiatry at Santa Maria della Pietà mental hospital, back in 1871, to the eventual founding, at the University "La Sapienza" and the Umberto I general hospital, of the Institute of Psychiatric Clinic and next of the Nervous and Mental Diseases' Clinic with the enclosed specialization school in Psychiatry. A detailed overview is supplied on the characters of the eminent scientists who have succeeded over time at the head of the Clinic and on the description of its different organization, conceived by each of them because of their educational and cultural roots...
January 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284147/why-is-psychiatric-nursing-not-the-preferred-option-for-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study-examining-pre-nursing-and-nursing-school-factors
#13
Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Huiting Xie, Jia Wang, Ying Wen Lau, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of nurses working in the mental health field globally. The aim of the present study was to examine Singapore nursing students' attitudes towards specializing in psychiatric nursing by examining the pre-nursing and nursing school factors as well as attitudes towards psychiatry and personality traits. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted with 500 nursing students from four nursing institutions in Singapore. Students' attitudes towards psychiatry (ATP-18), perception of psychiatric nursing career aspects relative to other fields, and personality traits (mini-IPIP) were assessed...
February 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243463/use-of-empathy-in-psychiatric-practice-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#14
James Ross, Chris Watling
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry has faced significant criticism for overreliance on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and medications with purported disregard for empathetic, humanistic interventions. AIMS: To develop an empirically based qualitative theory explaining how psychiatrists use empathy in day-to-day practice, to inform practice and teaching approaches. METHOD: This study used constructivist grounded theory methodology to ask (a) 'How do psychiatrists understand and use empathetic engagement in the day-to-day practice of psychiatry?' and (b) 'How do psychiatrists learn and teach the skills of empathetic engagement?' The authors interviewed 17 academic psychiatrists and 4 residents and developed a theory by iterative coding of the collected data...
January 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196993/personality-disorders-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-of-severe-acne-a-cross-sectional-study-from-eastern-india
#15
Sharmila Sarkar, Paramita Patra, Kakali Mridha, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Asish Mukhopadhyay, Rajarshi Guha Thakurta
BACKGROUND: In many patients, emotional stress may exacerbate acne. Psychological problems such as social phobias, low self-esteem, or depression may also occur as a result of acne. The presence of acne may have some negative effect on the quality of life, self-esteem, and mood of the affected patients. While some studies have been undertaken about anxiety, depression, and personality patterns in patients with acne, only a few studies have been done to identify specific personality disorders in patients with acne...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194598/student-run-clinics-a-novel-approach-to-integrated-care-teaching-and-recruitment
#16
Liza I Mishan, Dianna Dragatsi
The purpose of this study is to assess the educational impact of incorporating a psychiatry consult service into a medical student-run clinic. In November 2014, a psychiatry consult service was introduced at the Columbia-Harlem Homeless Medical Partnership (CHHMP), a student-run clinic located in Harlem, New York. From September 2015 to January 2016, surveys (Qualtrics) were then distributed to student members of the clinic. Surveys assessed how the psychiatric consult service impacted students' knowledge, skills and attitudes about psychiatry...
February 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184316/perceptual-distortions-and-deceptions-what-computers-can-teach-us
#17
Matthew M Nour, Joseph M Nour
The nature of perception has fascinated philosophers for centuries, and has more recently been the focus of research in psychology and neuroscience. Many psychiatric disorders are characterised by perceptual abnormalities, ranging from sensory distortions to illusions and hallucinations. The distinction between normal and abnormal perception is, however, hard to articulate. In this article we argue that the distinction between normal perception and abnormal perception is best seen as a quantitative one, resting on the degree to which the observer's prior expectations influence perceptual inference...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174600/does-accreditation-improve-pro-re-nata-benzodiazepines-administration-in-psychiatric-inpatients-pre-post-accreditation-medical-record-comparison
#18
Mohammed Abdullah Al-Sughayir
BACKGROUND: In psychiatric inpatients, administration of pro re nata benzodiazepines is a common practice. Benzodiazepine use is associated with potential complications of risk of abuse, cognitive impairment, and falls. An interest in accreditation is growing rapidly among many countries to enhance the quality of health care services. We aimed to investigate whether hospital accreditation drives improvements for administered pro re nata benzodiazepines in psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: The study reviewed medical records of consecutive hospital admissions for pre- and post-accreditation comparisons of PRN benzodiazepine medications in two acute mental health wards at a teaching general hospital...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163848/empathy-score-among-student-residence-assistants-in-iran
#19
Najmeh Shahini, Kambiz Akhavane Rezayat, Fatemeh Behdani, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh Shojaei, Amir Akhavan Rezayat, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
INTRODUCTION: Empathy, an essential component of the physician-patient relationship, may be linked to positive patient outcomes. This study aimed to determine the empathy score among student residence assistants (RAs). METHODS: In this descriptive design (cross-sectional study), 102 Iranian RAs participated in the study during 2015, completing the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSPE). Data collection was analyzed using SPSS version 17. MANOVA, independent-samples t-test, Spearman correlation and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for data analysis...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163498/psychometric-properties-and-correlates-of-the-beck-hopelessness-scale-in-family-caregivers-of-nigerian-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-southwestern-nigeria
#20
Olutayo Aloba, Olayinka Ajao, Taiwo Alimi, Olufemi Esan
OBJECTIVES: To examine the construct and correlates of hopelessness among family caregivers of Nigerian psychiatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study involving 264 family caregiver-patients' dyads recruited from two university teaching hospitals psychiatric clinics in Southwestern Nigeria. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis revealed a two-factor 9-item model of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) among the family caregivers...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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