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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104049/utilizing-peplau-s-interpersonal-approach-to-facilitate-medication-self-management-for-psychiatric-patients
#1
REVIEW
Judith M Hochberger, Brenda Lingham
This article focuses on the nurse's role in applying Peplau's interpersonal theory of nursing to medication self-management and self-administration through teaching, supporting and partnering with patients.
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#2
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050483/health-related-quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-patients-suffering-from-mental-disorders
#3
Fatemeh Noghani, Naiemeh Seyedfatemi, Mohammad-Reza Karimirad, Arash Akbarzadeh, Ali Hasanpour-Dehkordi
INTRODUCTION: In the light of the advances in treatment measures and early discharge of patients with mental disorders from psychiatric hospitals, families play important role in caring for such patients. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the Quality of Life (QoL) of the family caregivers of patients with mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in teaching health care centers affiliated with medical universities in Tehran, Iran...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041692/neurofeedback-one-of-today-s-techniques-in-psychiatry
#4
M Arns, J-M Batail, S Bioulac, M Congedo, C Daudet, D Drapier, T Fovet, R Jardri, M Le-Van-Quyen, F Lotte, D Mehler, J-A Micoulaud-Franchi, D Purper-Ouakil, F Vialatte
OBJECTIVES: Neurofeedback is a technique that aims to teach a subject to regulate a brain parameter measured by a technical interface to modulate his/her related brain and cognitive activities. However, the use of neurofeedback as a therapeutic tool for psychiatric disorders remains controversial. The aim of this review is to summarize and to comment the level of evidence of electroencephalogram (EEG) neurofeedback and real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) neurofeedback for therapeutic application in psychiatry...
December 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039008/risk-factors-for-severe-complications-of-operative-mandibular-fractures
#5
Brian J Christensen, Donald E Mercante, John P Neary, Brett J King
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to identify the risk factors for major complications developing during the operative treatment of mandibular fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective medical record review of patients who had undergone open reduction, internal fixation of mandibular fractures from August 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014 at a large, urban teaching hospital and level 1 trauma center. The outcome variable of interest was major complications, defined as the occurrence of any one of the following events: hospital readmission, return to the operating room, and a prolonged, unexpected postoperative stay...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032073/the-effect-of-group-psychoeducation-program-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-bipolar-mood-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Farnaz Rahmani, Hossein Ebrahimi, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Seyed Sajjad Razavi, Elnaz Asghari
Introduction: Medication nonadherence is highly prevalent in patients with bipolar disorders and often results in worsening disease prognosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of group psychoeducation on medication adherence in female patients with bipolar mood disorder type I. Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on 76 patients with bipolar mood disorder admitted in female psychiatric wards of Razi teaching hospital, Tabriz, Iran. The participants were selected by convenience sampling method and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups...
December 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969065/cross-cultural-variations-in-psychiatrists-perception-of-mental-illness-a-tool-for-teaching-culture-in-psychiatry
#7
Jhilam Biswas, B N Gangadhar, Matcheri Keshavan
A frequent debate in psychiatry is to what extent major psychiatric diagnoses are universal versus unique across cultures. We sought to identify cultural variations between psychiatrists' diagnostic practices of mental illness in Boston Massachusetts and Bangalore, India. We surveyed psychiatrists to identify differences in how frequently symptoms appear in major mental illness in two culturally and geographically different cities. Indian psychiatrists found somatic symptoms like pain, sleep and appetite to be significantly more important in depression and violent and aggressive behavior to be significantly more common in mania than did American psychiatrists...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931744/learning-from-one-s-mistakes-a-dual-role-for-the-rostromedial-tegmental-nucleus-in-the-encoding-and-expression-of-punished-reward-seeking
#8
Peter J Vento, Nathan W Burnham, Courtney S Rowley, Thomas C Jhou
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders such as addiction and mania are marked by persistent reward seeking despite highly negative or aversive outcomes, but the neural mechanisms underlying this aberrant decision making are unknown. The recently identified rostromedial tegmental nucleus (RMTg) encodes a wide variety of aversive stimuli and sends robust inhibitory projections to midbrain dopamine neurons, leading to the hypothesis that the RMTg provides a brake to reward signaling in response to aversive costs...
October 21, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903206/long-term-outcomes-after-severe-drug-overdose
#9
Lee Y Wong, Rinaldo Bellomo, Ray Robbins, Johan Martensson, Richard Kanaan, Richard Newton, Chih-Chiang Hu, David M Taylor
OBJECTIVE: The long-term outcomes of patients with drug overdose admitted to the intensive care unit compared with those admitted to general wards have not been assessed. We aimed to compare the recurrence of overdose, mortality after hospital discharge, cause of death and quality-of-life scores (using the EQ-5D questionnaire) between the ICU patients and general ward patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 102 ICU patients with drug overdose and 102 matched general ward patients with drug overdose in a university-affiliated teaching hospital between 2009 and 2013...
December 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893242/work-based-learning-a-training-model-for-state-wide-system-changes
#10
Zakia Clay, Nora Barrett, Ann Reilly, Anthony Zazzarino
TOPIC: Despite the substantial amount of money invested in staff training each year, many people trained fail to transfer what they learn to the workplace. We document a training initiative that was implemented to develop and maintain a competent workforce. PURPOSE: A work-based learning (WBL) model was used as a guide to teach the knowledge and skills necessary to effectively deliver psychiatric rehabilitation services. SOURCES USED: This training framework afforded practitioners an opportunity to acquire the critical knowledge and skills to improve the quality of life for individuals living with serious mental illnesses...
December 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873517/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-lifetime-stressor-checklist-revised-in-psychiatric-outpatients-with-anxiety-or-depressive-disorders
#11
Kang Rok Choi, Daeho Kim, Eun Young Jang, Hwallip Bae, Seok Hyeon Kim
PURPOSE: Traumatic events and adverse stressful experiences are major etiological factors in a wide variety of physical and mental disorders. Developing psychological instruments that can be easily administered and that have good psychometric properties have become an integral part for research and practice. This study investigated the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Lifetime Stressor Checklist-Revised (LSC-R) in a consecutive sample of psychiatric outpatients. The LSC-R is a 30-item self-reporting questionnaire examining lifetime traumatic and non-traumatic stressors...
January 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856788/incidence-rate-and-patterns-of-physical-restraint-use-among-adult-patients-in-malaysia
#12
Fatemeh Eskandari, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Nor Zuraida Zainal, Li Ping Wong
Incidence rate and patterns of physical restraint use were examined based on a cross-sectional study in 22 wards of a large teaching hospital in Malaysia. Results indicated that the highest rate of physical restraint (19.7%) was reported from neurology-neurosurgery wards. "Un-cooperative for electroconvulsive therapy" and "trying to pull out catheters" were the most commonly reported reasons to use restraint in psychiatric and non-psychiatric wards, respectively. There were some relationships between patterns of physical restraint in this study...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843859/a-study-to-find-depression-in-patients-attending-dermatological-opd-in-a-teaching-hospital
#13
Abhinit Kumar, Kunal Kumar, Praneta Swarup, Shitiz Goel, Abhay Singh Tomar
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between skin and the brain exists because the brain, as the center of psychological functions, and the skin have the same ectodermal origin and are affected by the same hormones and neurotransmitters. Skin disorder can be a potential source of emotional distress and psychiatric illness leading to impaired psychosocial adjustments. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim and objective of this study was to find psychiatric depression in patients attending dermatology outpatient department (OPD)...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798396/maternal-experiences-in-a-parenting-group-delivered-in-an-urban-general-pediatric-clinic
#14
Mary C Kimmel, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Emily Frosch, Tracy Carter, Barry S Solomon
Untreated perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can result in impaired maternal-infant interactions. Pediatricians have a unique opportunity to identify and support mothers with mood and anxiety disorders. A parenting intervention, Circle of Security, was delivered in a pediatric clinic targeting women with mood and anxiety disorders. A qualitative assessment of the program's acceptability, participant engagement, and general experiences was conducted. Data collection included medical record abstraction, semistructured psychiatric diagnostic interviews, and semistructured questionnaires...
October 23, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779291/-the-tasks-and-aims-of-hospital-psychiatry-today-and-in-the-future
#15
A Honig, D Sierink, B Verwey
Care provided by consultation-liaison (CL) psychiatry and general hospital (GH) psychiatry varies widely. This means that certain services are almost unrecognisable and therefore less readily available to patients. <br/> AIM: To describe the core tasks of current CL- and GH-psychiatry care and to suggest how these tasks can best be performed and developed in the future.<br/> METHOD: We conducted a selective review of relevant CL- and GH-related literature and combined the information we obtained with the results of a consultation with CL-psychiatrists about how CL- and GL psychiatry should function in the future...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778149/the-stafford-interview-a-comprehensive-interview-for-mother-infant-psychiatry
#16
Ian Brockington, Prabha Chandra, Alessandra Bramante, Hettie Dubow, Walaa Fakher, LLuïsa Garcia-Esteve, Kristina Hofberg, Suaad Moussa, Bruma Palacios-Hernández, Ylva Parfitt, Pey-Ling Shieh
This article describes an interview exploring the social, psychological and psychiatric events in a single pregnancy and puerperium. It has been in development since 1992 and is now in its 6th edition. It takes approximately 2 h to administer and has 130 compulsory probes and 185 ratings. It is suitable for clinical practice, teaching and research.
October 24, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771312/long-term-outcomes-of-gastric-band-removal-without-additional-bariatric-surgery
#17
Andreas Rohner, Jeannette D Widmer, Jennifer Klasen, Anita Scheiwiller, Dominik Muller, Markus K Muller
OBJECTIVE: The outcomes of patients undergoing band removal alone without an additional bariatric procedure after laparoscopic gastric banding are not well reported. We seek to close this gap in the literature. SETTING: Cantonal Hospital & University Teaching Hospital, Switzerland METHODS: In this retrospective study, we investigated 21 patients who underwent band removal with a mean follow-up of 63 months. Weight regain, co-morbidities, and quality of life were assessed...
September 14, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764722/integration-of-military-and-veteran-health-in-a-psychiatric-mental-health-bsn-curriculum-a-mindful-analysis
#18
Edna Ruiz Magpantay-Monroe
The military and veteran populations in the U. S. state of Hawaii have a strong presence in the local communities. It was this substantial presence that provided the impetus to integrate military and veteran health into a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN) curriculum. This exploratory study investigated the relationship between the integration of military and veteran health into a psychiatric mental health BSN curriculum and nursing students' understanding of the many facets of military veterans' health...
January 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752943/dsm-5-teaching-materials-a-critical-review
#19
Michael D Jibson, Lisa S Seyfried
OBJECTIVE: The publication of DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) in 2013 was accompanied by the release of a series of APA-approved "essential guides" to aid clinicians and trainees in its use and the transition from DSM-IV. Several of these were explicitly designated as study guides, but all serve educational as well as clinical functions. To assist trainees and educators in their selection of appropriate materials for study and teaching, several of these books were reviewed from the perspective of psychiatry education...
February 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751503/the-role-of-dopamine-in-positive-and-negative-prediction-error-utilization-during-incidental-learning-insights-from-positron-emission-tomography-parkinson-s-disease-and-huntington-s-disease
#20
David Mathar, Leonora Wilkinson, Anna K Holl, Jane Neumann, Lorenz Deserno, Arno Villringer, Marjan Jahanshahi, Annette Horstmann
Incidental learning of appropriate stimulus-response associations is crucial for optimal functioning within our complex environment. Positive and negative prediction errors (PEs) serve as neural teaching signals within distinct ('direct'/'indirect') dopaminergic pathways to update associations and optimize subsequent behavior. Using a computational reinforcement learning model, we assessed learning from positive and negative PEs on a probabilistic task (Weather Prediction Task - WPT) in three populations that allow different inferences on the role of dopamine (DA) signals: (1) Healthy volunteers that repeatedly underwent [(11)C]raclopride Positron Emission Tomography (PET), allowing for assessment of striatal DA release during learning, (2) Parkinson's disease (PD) patients tested both on and off L-DOPA medication, (3) early Huntington's disease (HD) patients, a disease that is associated with hyper-activation of the 'direct' pathway...
September 19, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
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