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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938104/do-nurses-personal-health-behaviours-impact-on-their-health-promotion-practice-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Muireann Kelly, Jane Wills, Susie Sykes
BACKGROUND: There is a growing expectation in national and international policy and from professional bodies that nurses be role models for healthy behaviours, the rationale being that there is a relationship between nurses' personal health and the adoption of healthier behaviours by patients. This may be from patients being motivated by, and modelling, the visible healthy lifestyle of the nurse or that nurses are more willing to promote the health of their patients by offering public health or health promotion advice and referring the patient to support services...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937935/the-impact-of-the-2006-massachusetts-health-care-reform-law-on-spine-surgery-patient-payer-mix-status-and-age
#2
Nicolas W Villelli, Hong Yan, Jian Zou, Nicholas M Barbaro
OBJECTIVE Several similarities exist between the Massachusetts health care reform law of 2006 and the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The authors' prior neurosurgical research showed a decrease in uninsured surgeries without a significant change in surgical volume after the Massachusetts reform. An analysis of the payer-mix status and the age of spine surgery patients, before and after the policy, should provide insight into the future impact of the ACA on spine surgery in the US. METHODS Using the Massachusetts State Inpatient Database and spine ICD-9-CM procedure codes, the authors obtained demographic information on patients undergoing spine surgery between 2001 and 2012...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937609/job-satisfaction-among-health-care-staff-in-township-health-centers-in-rural-china-results-from-a-latent-class-analysis
#3
Haipeng Wang, Chengxiang Tang, Shichao Zhao, Qingyue Meng, Xiaoyun Liu
Background: The lower job satisfaction of health-care staff will lead to more brain drain, worse work performance, and poorer health-care outcomes. The aim of this study was to identify patterns of job satisfaction among health-care staff in rural China, and to investigate the association between the latent clusters and health-care staff's personal and professional features; Methods: We selected 12 items of five-point Likert scale questions to measure job satisfaction. A latent-class analysis was performed to identify subgroups based on the items of job satisfaction; Results: Four latent classes of job satisfaction were identified: 8...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937148/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-ophthalmology-services-what-matters-most-to-young-people-with-visual-impairment
#4
A O Robertson, V Tadić, J S Rahi
PurposeTo identify the views and experiences and thus the transition-related needs of young people with visual impairment (VI), so as to inform future practice and policies.Patients and methodsQualitative study of 17 young people aged 16-19 years (ie the conventional transition age threshold) with VI (best-corrected acuity logMAR worse than 0.48) and without additional impairments, drawn from a sampling frame of paediatric ophthalmology patients attending Great Ormond Street Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital (London, UK)...
September 22, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936925/gay-men-s-understanding-and-education-of-new-hiv-prevention-technologies-in-vancouver-canada
#5
Benjamin J Klassen, Nathan J Lachowsky, Sally Yue Lin, Joshua B Edward, Sarah A Chown, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore, Eric A Roth
Effective rollout of HIV treatment-based prevention such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention has been hampered by poor education, limited acceptability, and stigma among gay men. We undertook a thematic analysis regarding the education sources and acceptability of these New Prevention Technologies (NPTs) using 15 semistructured interviews with gay men in Vancouver, Canada, who were early adopters of NPTs. NPT education was derived from a variety of sources, including the Internet, health care providers, community organizations, sexual partners, and peers; participants also emphasized their own capacities as learners and educators...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936475/surgical-data-science-the-new-knowledge-domain
#6
S Swaroop Vedula, Gregory D Hager
Healthcare in general, and surgery/interventional care in particular, is evolving through rapid advances in technology and increasing complexity of care with the goal of maximizing quality and value of care. While innovations in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies have driven past improvements in quality of surgical care, future transformation in care will be enabled by data. Conventional methodologies, such as registry studies, are limited in their scope for discovery and research, extent and complexity of data, breadth of analytic techniques, and translation or integration of research findings into patient care...
April 2017: Innov Surg Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936233/general-practitioners-experiences-and-perceptions-of-mild-moderate-depression-management-and-factors-influencing-effective-service-delivery-in-rural-australian-communities-a-qualitative-study
#7
Tamishka De Silva, Anjali Prakash, Sandhya Yarlagadda, Marjia Daniella Johns, Kate Sandy, Vibeke Hansen, Sue Phelan, Sabrina Pit
BACKGROUND: Rural communities in Australia face significant disadvantages relating to geographical isolation and limited access to mental health services. Documenting general practitioners' (GP) experiences and perception of mental health services in rural Australia may be useful to gain insight into rural GP management of mild to moderate depression. AIMS: To explore GPs' experience and views on which factors influence access to mental health services for mild to moderate depression...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935359/disparities-by-sex-tracked-in-the-2015-national-healthcare-quality-and-disparities-report-trends-across-national-quality-strategy-priorities-health-conditions-and-access-measures
#8
Jennifer E Moore, Atlang Mompe, Ernest Moy
INTRODUCTION: Established by the Affordable Care Act, the National Quality Strategy (NQS) is the national policy goals aimed at improving the quality of health care for all Americans. The NQS established six priorities to provide better, more affordable care for individuals and communities. This is the first analysis of data on the NQS and access measures that focus on sex differences, health conditions, trends, and disparities. METHODS: Measures from the 2015 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report (QDR) for the four National Quality Strategy priorities (Patient Safety, Person Centered Care, Effective Treatment and Healthy Living), access to care, and health conditions for women were compared to measures for men...
September 19, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935055/screening-and-management-of-substance-use-in-pregnancy-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Jocelynn L Cook, Courtney R Green, Sandra de la Ronde, Colleen A Dell, Lisa Graves, Lisa Morgan, Alice Ordean, James Ruiter, Megan Steeves, Suzanne Wong
Substance use during pregnancy has important implications for health care providers, policy makers, and can negatively impact a woman's health and the health of her children. Understanding trends, patterns of use and outcomes are critical to prevention campaigns, building awareness, and providing effective care. This review will discuss the current therapeutic approaches and recommendations for screening and patient management for substance use in pregnancy and during the postpartum period, and it is geared towards any care providers who care for patients or those who may care for patients who may be at risk for substance use during pregnancy...
October 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934942/implementation-considerations-when-expanding-health-worker-roles-to-include-safe-abortion-care-a-five-country-case-study-synthesis
#10
Claire Glenton, Annik M Sorhaindo, Bela Ganatra, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: Allowing a broader range of trained health workers to deliver services can be an important way of improving access to safe abortion care. However, the expansion of health worker roles may be challenging to implement. This study aimed to explore factors influencing the implementation of role expansion strategies for non-physician providers to include the delivery of abortion care. METHODS: We conducted a multi-country case study synthesis in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, South Africa and Uruguay, where the roles of non-physician providers have been formally expanded to include the provision of abortion care...
September 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934799/factors-influencing-the-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-in-clinical-judgement-of-chronic-pain-interactive-management-with-medical-students
#11
Christopher P Dwyer, Phoebe E McKenna-Plumley, Hannah Durand, Emer M Gormley, Brian W Slattery, Owen M Harney, Padraig MacNeela, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Though there is wide support for the application of biopsychosocial perspectives in clinical judgement of chronic pain cases, such perspectives are often overlooked due to either inadequate training or attitudes favoring a biomedical approach. Recent research has indicated that despite such explanations, both established general practitioners (GP) and medical students account for some psychosocial factors when making clinical judgements regarding chronic pain cases, but report not being likely to apply these in real-world, clinical settings due to numerous factors, including available time with patients...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934401/lessons-learned-for-reducing-the-negative-impact-of-adverse-events-on-patients-health-professionals-and-healthcare-organizations
#12
Jose Joaquin Mira, Susana Lorenzo, Irene Carrillo, Lena Ferrús, Carmen Silvestre, Pilar Astier, Fuencisla Iglesias-Alonso, Jose Angel Maderuelo, Pastora Pérez-Pérez, Maria Luisa Torijano, Elena Zavala, Susan D Scott
Purpose: To summarize the knowledge about the aftermath of adverse events (AEs) and develop a recommendation set to reduce their negative impact in patients, health professionals and organizations in contexts where there is no previous experiences and apology laws are not present. Data sources: Review studies published between 2000 and 2015, institutional websites and experts' opinions on patient safety. Study selection: Studies published and websites on open disclosure, and the second and third victims' phenomenon...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934370/the-risk-of-sustained-sexual-transmission-of-zika-is-underestimated
#13
Antoine Allard, Benjamin M Althouse, Laurent Hébert-Dufresne, Samuel V Scarpino
Pathogens often follow more than one transmission route during outbreaks-from needle sharing plus sexual transmission of HIV to small droplet aerosol plus fomite transmission of influenza. Thus, controlling an infectious disease outbreak often requires characterizing the risk associated with multiple mechanisms of transmission. For example, during the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, weighing the relative importance of funeral versus health care worker transmission was essential to stopping disease spread...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933931/legacies-of-1917-in-contemporary-russian-public-health-addiction-hiv-and-abortion
#14
Michele Rivkin-Fish
I examine the legacies of Soviet public health policy and the socialist health care system and trace how the Soviet past figures in contemporary Russian policymaking and debates about drug use, HIV, and abortion. Drug policies and mainstream views of HIV reflect continuities with key aspects of Soviet-era policies, although political leaders do not acknowledge these continuities in justifying their policies. In abortion policy, by contrast, which is highly debated in the public realm, advocates represent themselves as differing from Soviet-era policies to justify their positions...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932109/evaluation-on-the-implementation-of-respiratory-protection-measures-in-old-age-homes
#15
Diana Tf Lee, Doris Yu, Margaret Ip, Jennifer Ym Tang
PURPOSE: Old age homes (OAHs) represent a vulnerable community for influenza outbreaks. Effective implementation of respiratory protection measures has been identified as an effective prevention measure to reduce mortality and morbidity caused by such outbreaks. Yet, relatively little is known about this aspect in these homes. This study evaluated the implementation of respiratory protection measures among infection control officers (ICOs) and health care workers (HCWs) in these homes in Hong Kong...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931640/qualitative-study-of-burnout-career-satisfaction-and-well-being-among-us-neurologists-in-2016
#16
Janis M Miyasaki, Carol Rheaume, Lisa Gulya, Aviva Ellenstein, Heidi B Schwarz, Thomas R Vidic, Tait D Shanafelt, Terrence L Cascino, Chris M Keran, Neil A Busis
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experience and identify drivers and mitigating factors of burnout and well-being among US neurologists. METHODS: Inductive data analysis was applied to free text comments (n = 676) from the 2016 American Academy of Neurology survey of burnout, career satisfaction, and well-being. RESULTS: Respondents providing comments were significantly more likely to be older, owners/partners of their practice, solo practitioners, and compensated by production than those not commenting...
September 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
September 15, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931170/strengthening-teachers-abilities-to-implement-a-vision-health-program-in-taiwanese-schools
#18
L C Chang, L L Liao, M I Chen, Y Z Niu, P L Hsieh
We designed a school-based, nationwide program called the 'New Era in Eye Health' to strengthen teacher training and to examine whether the existence of a government vision care policy influenced teachers' vision care knowledge and students' behavior. Baseline data and 3-month follow-up data were compared. A random sample of teachers (n = 660) from school vision health clusters in 22 cities/counties in Taiwan were invited to participate in our study and 436 agreed to participate (response rate = 66.1%). The mean age of participant teachers was 41...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931125/patients-with-mental-problems-the-most-defenseless-travellers
#19
Peter Felkai, Tamas Kurimay
Background: Severe mental illness occurring abroad is a difficult situation for patients, their families, and for the local medical community. Patients with mental problem are doublely stigmatized due to their mental illness and because they are foreigners in an unfamiliar country. The appropriate treatment is often delayed, while patients are often dealt with in a manner that violates their human rights. Moreover, repatriation - which is vital in this case - is often delayed due to the lack of international protocols for the transportation and treatment of mentally ill travelers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930820/gatekeeping-and-the-utilization-of-community-health-services-in-shenzhen-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Wenzhen Li, Yong Gan, Xiaoxin Dong, Yanfeng Zhou, Shiyi Cao, Naomiem Kkandawire, Yingjie Cong, Huilian Sun, Zuxun Lu
To assess the effects of the gatekeeper policy implemented in Shenzhen, China, in conjunction with a labor health insurance program, on channeling patients toward community health centers (CHCs).Eight thousand patients who visited 8 CHCs in Shenzhen were surveyed between May 1, 2013 and July 28, 2013. Half of the patients were subject to gatekeeper policy and the other half of them were not. Structured questionnaire was used to collect patients' choices of initial medical institution, use of CHCs and their satisfaction with health care...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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