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Territorial governance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923451/-code-of-ethics-for-nurses-and-territory-hospital-group
#1
Jane-Laure Danan, François Giraud-Rochon
The publication of the decree relating to the code of ethics for nurses means that the State is producing a text for all nursing professionals, whatever their sector or their mode of practice. However, faced with the standardisation of nursing procedures, the production of a new standard by a government is not a neutral issue. On the one hand, it could constitute a reinforcement of the professional credibility of this corporation; on the other this text becomes enforceable on all nurses and employers. Within a territory hospital group, this reflection must form part of nursing and managerial practices and the relationships with the hospital administration...
September 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923090/mapping-occurrence-of-taenia-solium-taeniosis-cysticercosis-and-areas-at-risk-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-central-america-and-the-caribbean-basin
#2
Uffe Christian Braae, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Fortune Sithole, Ziqi Wang, Arve Lee Willingham
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to map the occurrence of Taenia solium taeniosis/cysticercosis at national level within Central America and the Caribbean basin, and to map the distribution of porcine cysticercosis at first-level administrative subdivision level (department level) and the porcine population at risk. This zoonotic parasite is believed to be widely endemic across most of Latin America. However, there is little information readily available for Central America and the Caribbean basin...
September 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910577/subnuclear-distribution-of-proteins-links-with-genome-architecture
#3
Fouziya R Shah, Younus A Bhat, Ajazul H Wani
Metazoan genomes have a hierarchal 3-dimensional (3D) organization scaling from nucleosomes, loops, topologically associating domains (TADs), compartments, to chromosome territories. The 3D organization of genome has been linked with development, differentiation and disease. However, the principles governing the 3D chromatin architecture are just beginning to get unraveled. The nucleus has very high concentration of proteins and these proteins are either diffusely distributed throughout the nucleus, or aggregated in the form of foci/bodies/clusters/speckles or in combination of both...
September 14, 2017: Nucleus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901343/-italian-guidelines-in-accordance-with-the-new-national-guidelines-system-critical-issues-and-perspectives
#4
Primiano Iannone, Daniela Coclite, Giuseppe Graziano, Antonello Mario Napoletano
Law No. 24/2017 on professional responsibility has assigned a fundamental role to the guidelines, giving the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, through the new Centro Nazionale per l'Eccellenza Clinica, la Qualità e la Sicurezza delle Cure (CNEC), the role of methodological guarantor and of national governance of the guidelines production process. In a scenario marked by the increasing use of defensive medicine, the adherence to guidelines recognized as reliable by an institutional body can lead to the desired reduction of the malpractice claim, as well as to considerable clinical advantages, with the improvement of the quality of healthcare and of health outcomes and the reduction of unjustified variability of clinical practices in the national territory...
September 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900182/conservation-performance-of-different-conservation-governance-regimes-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#5
Judith Schleicher, Carlos A Peres, Tatsuya Amano, William Llactayo, Nigel Leader-Williams
State-controlled protected areas (PAs) have dominated conservation strategies globally, yet their performance relative to other governance regimes is rarely assessed comprehensively. Furthermore, performance indicators of forest PAs are typically restricted to deforestation, although the extent of forest degradation is greater. We address these shortfalls through an empirical impact evaluation of state PAs, Indigenous Territories (ITs), and civil society and private Conservation Concessions (CCs) on deforestation and degradation throughout the Peruvian Amazon...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898492/immunisation-for-refugees-in-australia-a-policy-review-and-analysis-across-all-states-and-territories
#6
Abela Mahimbo, Holly Seale, Anita E Heywood
OBJECTIVE: Although people of refugee background are likely to be under-immunised before and after resettlement, no study to date has evaluated refugee specific immunisation policies in Australia. We developed a framework to analyse immunisation policies across Australia to highlight the strengths and gaps so as to inform development of more effective refugee specific immunisation policies. METHODS: We sourced publicly available immunisation policy documents from state and territory government websites...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894314/home-care-pharmacy-practice-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-services-provided-remuneration-barriers-and-facilitators
#7
Sherilyn Houle, Linda MacKeigan
BACKGROUND: As the population ages, and individuals desire to remain in their homes as long as possible, the need for in-home care is expected to increase. However, pharmacists have rarely been included in studies of in-home care, and little is known about the prevalence or effectiveness of pharmacists' home-based services in Canada. OBJECTIVE: To identify pharmacy practices in Canada that regularly provide in-home patient care and to identify specific services provided, remuneration obtained, and barriers and facilitators influencing the provision of home-based care...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886050/establishing-contemporary-trends-in-hepatitis-b-sero-epidemiology-in-an-indigenous-population
#8
Jane Davies, Shu Qin Li, Steven Y Tong, Rob W Baird, Miles Beaman, Geoff Higgins, Benjamin C Cowie, John R Condon, Joshua S Davis
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations globally are disproportionately affected by chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection however contemporary sero-prevalence data are often absent. In the Indigenous population of the Northern Territory (NT) of Australia the unique C4 sub-genotype of HBV universally circulates. There are no studies of the sero-prevalence, nor the impact of the vaccination program (which has a serotype mismatch compared to C4), at a population-wide level. METHODS: We examined all available HBV serology results obtained from the three main laboratories serving NT residents between 1991 and 2011...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884895/the-case-for-government-run-liquor-stores-in-the-australian-northern-territory-looking-outside-the-box-in-regulating-the-supply-of-alcohol
#9
EDITORIAL
Robin Room
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838179/implementing-the-synchronized-global-switch-from-trivalent-to-bivalent-oral-polio-vaccines-lessons-learned-from-the-global-perspective
#10
Alejandro Ramirez Gonzalez, Margaret Farrell, Lisa Menning, Julie Garon, Hans Everts, Lee M Hampton, Samantha B Dolan, Stephanie Shendale, Sarah Wanyoike, Chantal Laroche Veira, Gaël Maufras du Châtellier, Feyrouz Kurji, Jennifer Rubin, Liliane Boualam, Diana Chang Blanc, Manish Patel
In 2015, the Global Commission for the Certification of Polio Eradication certified the eradication of type 2 wild poliovirus, 1 of 3 wild poliovirus serotypes causing paralytic polio since the beginning of recorded history. This milestone was one of the key criteria prompting the Global Polio Eradication Initiative to begin withdrawal of oral polio vaccines (OPV), beginning with the type 2 component (OPV2), through a globally synchronized initiative in April and May 2016 that called for all OPV using countries and territories to simultaneously switch from use of trivalent OPV (tOPV; containing types 1, 2, and 3 poliovirus) to bivalent OPV (bOPV; containing types 1 and 3 poliovirus), thus withdrawing OPV2...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838162/monitoring-and-validation-of-the-global-replacement-of-topv-with-bopv-april-may-2016
#11
Margaret Farrell, Lee M Hampton, Stephanie Shendale, Lisa Menning, Alejandro Ramirez Gonzalez, Julie Garon, Samantha B Dolan, Gaël Maufras du Châtellier, Sarah Wanyoike, Diana Chang Blanc, Manish M Patel
The phased withdrawal of oral polio vaccine (OPV) associated with the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 began with the synchronized global replacement of trivalent OPV (tOPV) with bivalent OPV (bOPV) during April - May 2016, a transition referred to as the "switch." The World Health Organization's (WHO) Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization recommended conducting this synchronized switch in all 155 OPV-using countries and territories (which collectively administered several hundred million doses of tOPV each year via several hundred thousand facilities) to reduce risks of re-emergence of vaccine-derived polioviruses...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810919/patterns-of-resident-health-workforce-turnover-and-retention-in-remote-communities-of-the-northern-territory-of-australia-2013-2015
#12
Deborah J Russell, Yuejen Zhao, Steven Guthridge, Mark Ramjan, Michael P Jones, John S Humphreys, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: The geographical maldistribution of the health workforce is a persisting global issue linked to inequitable access to health services and poorer health outcomes for rural and remote populations. In the Northern Territory (NT), anecdotal reports suggest that the primary care workforce in remote Aboriginal communities is characterised by high turnover, low stability and high use of temporary staffing; however, there is a lack of reliable information to guide workforce policy improvements...
August 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777507/the-medicare-chronic-disease-dental-scheme-historical-scientific-socio-political-origins
#13
Harry Francis Akers, Arosha Tania Weerakoon, Michael Anthony Foley, Andrew James McAuliffe
While evidence and expert opinion are the foundations of effective policy, the politics, economics, and timing of a proposal can affect outcome. Australian government involvement in the planning, funding and delivery of dental services has been minimal and inconsistent. Many believe that the hybrid dispersal model of shared constitutional power has intermittently led to poor administration of national health policy. Throughout the decade-long prelude to the introduction of the Chronic Disease Dental Scheme, a landmark health policy in Australia, Parliamentarians moved responsibility for public dental services of disadvantaged Australians into an impasse between the Federal, State, and Territorial Governments...
July 2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737356/-the-hospital-patients-health-and-territories-act-and-the-recentralisation-of-the-social-and-long-term-care-sector
#14
Alain Jourdain, Jorge Muñoz, Hervé Hudebine
Hypothesis: The 2009 Hospital, Patients, Health and Territories Act crystallises a central government attempt to regain control over the social and long term care sector, which involves the utilisation of policy instruments borrowed from the hospital sector: capped budgets, agreements on targets and resources, competitive tendering or quasi-market mechanisms involving hospitals and services, etc. This paper is therefore based on the hypothesis of a recentralisation and healthicization of the social and long term care sector, with a key role for the regional health authorities...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721604/a-space-of-one-s-own-barbosa-du-bocage-the-foundation-of-the-national-museum-of-lisbon-and-the-construction-of-a-career-in-zoology-1851-1907
#15
Daniel Gamito-Marques
This paper discusses the life and scientific work of José Vicente Barbosa du Bocage (1823-1907), a nineteenth-century Portuguese naturalist who carved a new place for zoological research in Portugal and built up a prestigious scientific career by securing appropriate physical and institutional spaces to the discipline. Although he was appointed professor of zoology at the Lisbon Polytechnic School, an institution mainly devoted to the preparatory training of military officers and engineers, he succeeded in creating the conditions that allowed him to develop consistent research in zoology at this institution...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709383/what-is-the-current-level-of-mental-health-service-delivery-and-expenditure-on-infants-children-adolescents-and-young-people-in-australia
#16
Leonie Segal, Sophie Guy, Gareth Furber
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to estimate the current level of ambulatory mental health service delivery to young people aged 0-24 years in Australia and associated government expenditure. Recognising the importance of the early years for the development of mental illness and socioeconomic outcomes, we were particularly interested in service access by infants and young children. METHODS: We extracted information from government administrative datasets on the number of people who received mental health services, number of services and expenditure through the health sector for 2014-2015...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695571/australian-lobbyist-registers-are-not-serving-the-purposes-they-were-designed-for
#17
Narelle Robertson, Kypros Kypri, Julia Stafford, Mike Daube, Michelle Avery, Peter Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: There is widespread concern about the nature, extent and impacts of lobbying by industries selling unhealthy commodities, which threatens public health and undermines important democratic processes. In the last decade, all Australian jurisdictions (except the Northern Territory) have established lobbyist registers with the stated objective of increasing the capacity of government and the public to scrutinise lobbying. Our aim was to assess whether the registers are fulfilling this objective...
July 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695257/the-montara-oil-spill-a-2009-well-blowout-in-the-timor-sea
#18
REVIEW
R B Spies, M Mukhtasor, K A Burns
A well on the Montara platform on the Australian continental shelf blew out in August 2009 and spilled oil into the Timor Sea for 74 days. The oil, estimated at as much as 23.5 million L in total volume, spread over a large area of the shelf and eventually into Indonesian waters. This paper documents, through published literature, reports of both Australian and Indonesian governments and observations of coastal residents and fishermen the spread of the oil and attempts to estimate its impact. The lack of observers on the ocean and baseline, pre-spill data on populations of marine organisms, and delays in deploying scientific surveys after the spill severely limited efforts by the Australian government to determine damage in its territorial waters...
July 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674465/graduated-sovereignty-and-global-governance-gaps-special-economic-zones-and-the-illicit-trade-in-tobacco-products
#19
Chris Holden
Illicit trade in tobacco products has been a significant problem globally for many years. It allows cigarettes to be sold far below their legal price and thus contributes to higher consumption, morbidity and mortality, and deprives state treasuries of a substantial amount of revenue. This article identifies special economic zones (SEZs), particularly free trade zones, as a key conduit for this illicit trade. The development of SEZs as weak points in the global governance architecture is explained with reference to the concept of 'graduated sovereignty', whereby the uniform management of territory by modern states has given way to a more spatially selective form of territorial governance, in which some slices of territory are more fully integrated into the world economy than others via various forms of differential regulation...
July 2017: Political Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669121/development-of-national-system-performance-metrics-for-tissue-donation-production-and-distribution-activity
#20
Brenda Weiss, Mazen Dakkak, Gary Rockl, Balram Sukhu, Jim Mohr, Kyle Maru
Canada's federal, provincial, and territorial governments gave Canadian Blood Services a mandate for organ and tissue donation and transplantation, including system performance, data and analytics. In 2012 Canadian Blood Services facilitated an eye and tissue banking workshop focused on standardized specifications and practices. At the workshop, the Canadian tissue community directed Canadian Blood Services to facilitate the development and implementation of a national data stream and analytics. Prior to this no national data was prospectively collected or collated on tissue donation, production or distribution activity...
July 1, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
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