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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784163/significant-disparities-in-eyeglass-insurance-coverage-in-canada
#1
Gordon Ngo, Graham Trope, Yvonne Buys, Ya-Ping Jin
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns of access to eyeglass insurance by Canadians. DESIGN: A population-based, cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 134 072 respondents to the Canadian Community Health Survey 2003 who were aged ≥12 years. METHODS: We compared self-reported insurance coverage for eyeglasses or contact lenses provided by private, government, or employer-paid plans. RESULTS: Overall, 55...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780767/effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-school-based-intervention-to-reduce-bullying-among-adolescents-in-chandigarh-north-india-a-quasi-experimental-study-protocol
#2
Monica Rana, Madhu Gupta, Prahbhjot Malhi, Sandeep Grover, Manmeet Kaur
Background: Bullying perpetration and victimization is associated with significant academic, psychosocial and health related problems among adolescents. There is a need to develop effective interventions to prevent bullying among adolescents, especially in low and middle income countries. This paper presents the study protocol to develop, and evaluate the effect of multi-component school based prevention program for bullying in India. Design: Quasi-experimental study...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774957/progress-and-challenges-in-consolidating-the-management-of-amazonian-protected-areas-and-indigenous-territories
#3
Raymond E Gullison, Jared Hardner
Achieving the effective management of all existing protected areas and indigenous territories in the Amazon Biome may be needed to avoid a deforestation "tipping point" beyond which regional climatic feedbacks and global climate change interact to catalyze irreversible drying and savannization of large portions of the biome. However, the time and money required to consolidate the effective management of all types of protected sites in the Amazon is still poorly understood. At present, protected areas and indigenous territories cover 45...
May 18, 2018: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773359/-psychoactive-substances-use-in-r%C3%A3-union-island-and-mayotte-french-departments-in-indian-ocean
#4
Amélie Daveluy, Françoise Haramburu
INTRODUCTION: The government plan for the fight against drugs and addictive behaviors 2013-2017 includes several actions concerning French overseas territories, in particular to strengthen information on drug addiction. The Interministerial mission for combating drugs and addictive behaviors (MILD&CA) has commissioned the Bordeaux addictovigilance center to strengthen exchanges on addictovigilance with Réunion Island and Mayotte and to make an inventory of problematic drug use in these two French departments of Indian Ocean...
February 27, 2018: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770091/canadian-pandemic-influenza-preparedness-health-sector-planning-guidance
#5
B Henry
Pandemic preparedness requires a multifaceted approach with collaboration from all levels of government. The Canadian Pandemic Influenza Preparedness: Planning Guidance for the Health Sector (CPIP) is a guidance document that outlines key health sector preparedness activities designed to ensure Canada is ready to respond to the next influenza pandemic. This article outlines Canada's approach to pandemic influenza preparedness as described in the CPIP Main Body. Canada's pandemic influenza preparedness planning takes place within a network of legislated requirements and emergency frameworks at provincial/territorial, federal and international levels...
January 4, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770090/federal-provincial-and-territorial-public-health-response-plan-for-biological-events
#6
R McNeill, J Topping
The Federal/Provincial/Territorial (FPT) Public Health Response Plan for Biological Events was developed for the Public Health Network Council (PHNC). This plan outlines how the national response to public health events caused by biological agents will be conducted and coordinated, with a focus on implementation of responses led by senior-level FPT public health decision-makers. The plan was developed by an expert task group and was approved by PHNC in October, 2017. The plan describes roles, responsibilities and authorities of FPT governments for public health and emergency management, a concept of operations outlining four scalable response levels and a governance structure that aims to facilitate an efficient, timely, evidence-informed and consistent approach across jurisdictions...
January 4, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770049/pan-canadian-framework-for-action-on-antimicrobial-resistance-and-antimicrobial-use
#7
(no author information available yet)
Antimicrobial-resistant infections are becoming more frequent and increasingly difficult to treat, and this situation is exacerbated by the widespread use of antimicrobials in both human and veterinary medicine and by the agriculture industry. As part of Canada's coordinated response to addressing antimicrobial resistance (AMR), Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance and Antimicrobial Use: A Pan-Canadian Framework for Action, was released in September 2017. The Framework is a high-level policy document that outlines the strategic objectives, outcomes and opportunities to guide collaborative action on AMR and antimicrobial use (AMU)...
November 2, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768107/does-expanding-fiscal-space-lead-to-improved-funding-of-the-health-sector-in-developing-countries-lessons-from-kenya-lagos-state-nigeria-and-south-africa
#8
Jane Doherty, Doris Kirigia, Chijioke Okoli, Jane Chuma, N Ezumah, Hyacinth Ichoku, Kara Hanson, Diane McIntyre
BACKGROUND: The global focus on promoting Universal Health Coverage has drawn attention to the need to increase public domestic funding for health care in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: This article examines whether increased tax revenue in the three territories of Kenya, Lagos State (Nigeria) and South Africa was accompanied by improved resource allocation to their public health sectors, and explores the reasons underlying the observed trends. METHODS: Three case studies were conducted by different research teams using a common mixed methods approach...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764111/public-spending-on-health-services-and-policy-research-in-canada-a-reflection-on-thakkar-and-sullivan-comment-on-public-spending-on-health-service-and-policy-research-in-canada-the-united-kingdom-and-the-united-states-a-modest-proposal
#9
Owen Adams
Vidhi Thakkar and Terrence Sullivan have done a careful and thought-provoking job in trying to establish comparable estimates of public spending on health services and policy research (HSPR) in Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States. Their main recommendation is a call for an international collaboration to develop common terms and categories of HSPR. This paper raises two additional questions that have an international comparative dimension: There is little doubt that public spending on HSPR represents more than the "tip of the iceberg," but how much more? And how do the countries fare on the uptake of HSPR by decision-makers? I have long speculated that probably as much or more is spent by provincial/territorial governments, regional health authorities, hospitals and other agencies on HSPR activities carried out by consultants in Canada than by the federal, provincial/territorial granting agencies...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764106/the-challenges-of-a-complex-and-innovative-telehealth-project-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-eastern-quebec-telepathology-network
#10
Hassane Alami, Jean-Paul Fortin, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Hugo Pollender, Bernard Têtu, France Tanguay
BACKGROUND: The Eastern Quebec Telepathology Network (EQTN) has been implemented in the province of Quebec (Canada) to support pathology and surgery practices in hospitals that are lack of pathologists, especially in rural and remote areas. This network includes 22 hospitals and serves a population of 1.7 million inhabitants spread over a vast territory. An evaluation of this network was conducted in order to identify and analyze the factors and issues associated with its implementation and deployment, as well as those related to its sustainability and expansion...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751973/advancing-indigenous-primary-health-care-policy-in-alberta-canada
#11
Rita Henderson, Stephanie Montesanti, Lindsay Crowshoe, Charles Leduc
For Indigenous people worldwide, accessing Primary Health Care (PHC) services responsive to socio-cultural realities is challenging, with institutional inequities in healthcare and jurisdictional barriers encumbering patients, providers, and decision-makers. In the Canadian province of Alberta, appropriate Indigenous health promotion, disease prevention, and primary care health services are needed, though policy reform is hindered by complex networks and competing interests between: federal/provincial funders; reserve/urban contexts; medical/allied health professional priorities; and three Treaty territories each structuring fiduciary responsibilities of the Canadian government...
May 7, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706655/novel-tumour-suppressive-protein-encoded-by-circular-rna-circ-shprh-in-glioblastomas
#12
S Begum, A Yiu, J Stebbing, L Castellano
The previously unchartered gene expression territory governed by circular RNAs is becoming clearer with the onset of deeper sequencing technologies. The translation of circular RNAs remained a controversial theory until earlier this year, when two studies [1, 2] showed endogenous circular RNA translation in vitro and in vivo, and have further provided mechanistical evidence. In this edition of Oncogene, Zhang et al., provide evidence for the first circular RNA translated with relevance to cancer; a novel tumour suppressor protein, SHPRH-146aa, produced by circ-SHPRH driven by IRES elements...
April 30, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692314/united-states-travelers-concern-about-zika-infection-and-willingness-to-receive-a-hypothetical-zika-vaccine
#13
Nadja A Vielot, Lola Stamm, James Herrington, Linda Squiers, Bridget Kelly, Lauren McCormack, Sylvia Becker-Dreps
The ongoing Zika pandemic has affected many countries that are common travel destinations. We assessed the willingness to receive a prophylactic Zika virus (ZIKV) vaccine, currently under development, among travelers to areas with reported autochthonous ZIKV transmission. We surveyed United States (U.S.) residents aged 18-44 years who had ever heard of ZIKV and planned to travel to Florida and/or Texas ( N = 420) or a U.S. territory or foreign country ( N = 415) in 2017, using a nationally representative internet panel...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688765/iodine-nutrition-in-the-republic-of-artsakh-nagorno-karabakh
#14
Nicholas Hutchings, Sisak Baghdasaryan, Mushegh Qefoyan, Araz Chiloyan, Mariam Manoukian, Karine Atayan, John P Bilezikian
OBJECTIVE: Iodine is a required nutrient for thyroid function. The mountainous terrain in the Republic of Artsakh (Nagorno Karabakh) in the south Caucasus suggests that it is likely to be endogenously deficient in iodine. The region is heavily dependent on neighboring Armenia for food imports including iodized salt. Since 2005, iodine is a government-sanctioned compulsory supplemental ingredient in salt in Armenia. However, there has never been a study of iodine nutrition in Artsakh. We sought to determine the level of iodine nutrition in Artsakh and the iodine content of table salt in the region...
April 24, 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679359/the-impact-of-national-policies-on-animal-disease-reporting-within-selected-pacific-island-countries-and-territories-picts
#15
Andrew Tukana, Robert Hedlefs, Bruce Gummow
A semi-systematic literature review of national policies was carried out in relation to surveillance and disease reporting in Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). It also analysed the animal disease reporting structures in Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of those reporting structures were examined in relation to how they impacted the detection and management of animal diseases in PICTs. Field missions collected information on animal disease reporting structures and these were discussed in detail with country officials and documented...
April 20, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675692/uptake-of-and-expenditure-on-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-for-hepatitis-c-treatment-in-australia
#16
Barbara de Graaff, Kwang Chien Yee, Philip Clarke, Andrew Palmer
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) have revolutionised treatment for the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Currently, treatment costs between 20,000 and 80,000 Australian dollars ($A) per patient. The Australian Federal Government provided $A1 billion over 5 years to subsidise these drugs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the uptake and financial impact of DAA prescribing in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective analysis of Medicare prescription and expenditure data for March 2016 to August 2017...
April 19, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642878/the-problem-of-suicide-among-amerindians-in-camopi-trois-sauts-french-guiana-2008-2015
#17
Rémi Pacot, Basma Garmit, Marianne Pradem, Mathieu Nacher, Paul Brousse
BACKGROUND: Suicide within the Amerindian community of Camopi (1741 inhabitants) in French Guiana has been an increasing problem widely reported in the media leading the French Government to mandate a parliamentary mission to investigate the matter. The purpose of the study was to describe this phenomenon and identify factors associated with suicide attempts. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted from the health centers' medical records. All suicide attempts and suicides committed between 2008 and 2015 by Amerindians living in Camopi and Trois Sauts were compiled...
April 11, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611278/how-ecology-shapes-exploitation-a-framework-to-predict-the-behavioural-response-of-human-and-animal-foragers-along-exploration-exploitation-trade-offs
#18
Christopher T Monk, Matthieu Barbier, Pawel Romanczuk, James R Watson, Josep Alós, Shinnosuke Nakayama, Daniel I Rubenstein, Simon A Levin, Robert Arlinghaus
Understanding how humans and other animals behave in response to changes in their environments is vital for predicting population dynamics and the trajectory of coupled social-ecological systems. Here, we present a novel framework for identifying emergent social behaviours in foragers (including humans engaged in fishing or hunting) in predator-prey contexts based on the exploration difficulty and exploitation potential of a renewable natural resource. A qualitative framework is introduced that predicts when foragers should behave territorially, search collectively, act independently or switch among these states...
April 2, 2018: Ecology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593017/electroacupuncture-plus-standard-of-care-for-managing-refractory-functional-dyspepsia-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-trial-with-economic-evaluation
#19
Vincent C H Chung, Charlene H L Wong, Jessica Y L Ching, Wai Zhu Sun, Yan Li Ju, Sheung Sheung Hung, Wai Ling Lin, Ka Chun Leung, Samuel Y S Wong, Justin C Y Wu
INTRODUCTION: This trial proposes to compare the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) plus on-demand gastrocaine with waiting list for EA plus on-demand gastrocaine in providing symptom relief and quality-of-life improvement among patients with functional dyspepsia (FD). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a single-centre, pragmatic, randomised parallel-group, superiority trial comparing the outcomes of (1) EA plus on-demand gastrocaine group and (2) waiting list to EA plus on-demand gastrocaine group...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582040/insights-from-linking-routinely-collected-data-across-australian-health-jurisdictions-a-case-study-of-end-of-life-health-service-use
#20
Julia M Langton, David Goldsbury, Preeyaporn Srasuebkul, Jane M Ingham, Dianne L O'Connell, Sallie-Anne Pearson
OBJECTIVES: The jurisdictional nature of routinely collected health data in Australia has created challenges for linking data across state/territory and federal government boundaries. This has impeded understanding of the interplay between service use across hospital and community care. Our objective was to demonstrate the value-add of cross-jurisdictional data using a case study of health service use and the factors associated with healthcare use towards the end of life. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective cohort study using routinely collected health data...
March 15, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
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