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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287350/fda-expands-list-of-do-not-compound-drug-products
#1
(no author information available yet)
EDITOR'S ABSTRACT On October 3, 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration published in the Federal Register an expanded list of drug products that are not to be used in compounding extemporaneous dosage forms. This list contains numerous analgesic or anti-inflammatory agents and other chemicals sometimes used to manage pain and related symptoms. Because pharmacies are licensed by the states and other jurisdictions (districts, territories) as opposed to the federal government, regulation of extemporaneous compounding is inconsistent across the nation and minimal to nonexistent is some jurisdictions...
March 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277362/access-to-contraception-in-the-context-of-zika-health-system-challenges-and-responses
#2
Blair G Darney, Abigail R A Aiken, Stephanie Küng
Women in areas of the Americas with endemic Aedes mosquito populations are at risk for exposure to Zika virus, which can cause fetal brain abnormalities and associated congenital microcephaly. Individual health care providers may encounter health system barriers to providing evidence-based care. We focus on Mexico and the state of Texas to highlight the role of health system factors in contraceptive access in the context of Zika and highlight efforts in Puerto Rico as an example of initiatives to improve access to contraception...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270462/controversies-concerning-the-canadian-not-criminally-responsible-reform-act
#3
Robert Lacroix, Roy O'Shaughnessy, Dale E McNiel, Renée L Binder
In Canada, individuals found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder are subject to the disposition recommendations of the Provincial or Territorial Review Board of the jurisdiction where the offense was committed. Bill C-14, known as "The Not Criminally Responsible Reform Act" made changes to the postverdict disposition process of these individuals. This legislation was consistent with a broader "tough-on-crime" agenda of the previous federal government. The legislative changes codify that Review Boards take public safety as the "paramount consideration" in making their recommendations...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260564/interweaving-ideas-and-patchwork-programmes-nutrition-projects-in-colonial-fiji-1945-60
#4
Sarah Clare Hartley
The influence of a range of actors is discernible in nutrition projects during the period after the Second World War in the South Pacific. Influences include: international trends in nutritional science, changing ideas within the British establishment about state responsibility for the welfare of its citizens and the responsibility of the British Empire for its subjects; the mixture of outside scrutiny and support for projects from post-war international and multi-governmental organisations, such as the South Pacific Commission...
April 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258669/hpv-vaccinations-in-lublin-region-poland
#5
Paweł Kalinowski, Anna Grządziel
INTRODUCTION: Secondary prophylaxis of cervical cancer consisting in cytology screening tests, despite its effectiveness, does not achieve the desired results. For several years, primary prophylaxis has been available in the form of protective vaccinations. At present, two vaccine preparations are available on the market, and studies conducted on these preparations confirm their almost 100% effectiveness in the prevention of types of HPV present in the vaccine. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the programmes of protective vaccinations against HPV carried out during the period 2008-2013 in the Lublin Region...
February 14, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252372/investigating-the-inverse-care-law-in-dental-care-a-comparative-analysis-of-canadian-jurisdictions
#6
Armita Dehmoobadsharifabadi, Sonica Singhal, Carlos Quiñonez
OBJECTIVES: To compare physician and dentist visits nationally and at the provincial/territorial level and to assess the extent of the "inverse care law" in dental care among different age groups in the same way. METHODS: Publicly available data from the 2007 to 2008 Canadian Community Health Survey were utilized to investigate physician and dentist visits in the past 12 months in relation to self-perceived general and oral health by performing descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression, controlling for age, sex, education, income, and physician/dentist population ratios...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249740/bridging-science-and-traditional-knowledge-to-assess-cumulative-impacts-of-stressors-on-ecosystem-health
#7
Chrystal S Mantyka-Pringle, Timothy D Jardine, Lori Bradford, Lalita Bharadwaj, Andrew P Kythreotis, Jennifer Fresque-Baxter, Erin Kelly, Gila Somers, Lorne E Doig, Paul D Jones, Karl-Erich Lindenschmidt
Cumulative environmental impacts driven by anthropogenic stressors lead to disproportionate effects on indigenous communities that are reliant on land and water resources. Understanding and counteracting these effects requires knowledge from multiple sources. Yet the combined use of Traditional Knowledge (TK) and Scientific Knowledge (SK) has both technical and philosophical hurdles to overcome, and suffers from inherently imbalanced power dynamics that can disfavour the very communities it intends to benefit...
February 26, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219353/content-analysis-of-nutritional-information-in-paediatric-oral-health-education-leaflets
#8
Amit Arora, Jenny Doan, Jessamine Martinez, Colin Phan, Gregory S Kolt, Sameer Bhole, Mark Fort Harris, Jane Anne Scott, Debra Hector
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine if paediatric oral health education leaflets with a food and nutritional focus provide messages that are clear and consistent with the current Australian Dietary Guidelines and the Infant Feeding Guidelines. METHODS: Forty-three leaflets aimed at parents were sourced from Australian state and territory Health Departments, oral health industry partners and commercial organisations, and a content analysis was performed...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215356/the-financial-burden-of-prescription-drugs-for-neurological-conditions-in-canada-results-from-the-national-population-health-study-of-neurological-conditions
#9
Sara Guilcher, Sarah Munce, James Conklin, Tanya Packer, Molly Verrier, Connie Marras, Tarik Bereket, Joan Versnel, Richard Riopelle, Susan Jaglal
This paper describes the current situation in Canada concerning the availability and use of prescription drugs for neurological conditions. We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with health care providers, administrators, community organization representatives, opinion leaders and policy makers. The analysis revealed three primary themes related to the availability of and access to prescription drugs to treat neurological conditions. First, we learned that across Canada there is significant vulnerability and a need for advocacy on behalf of people living with these conditions...
February 4, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202101/berber-genealogy-and-the-politics-of-prehistoric-archaeology-and-craniology-in-french-algeria-1860s-1880s
#10
Bonnie Effros
Following the conquest of Algiers and its surrounding territory by the French army in 1830, officers noted an abundance of standing stones in this region of North Africa. Although they attracted considerably less attention among their cohort than more familiar Roman monuments such as triumphal arches and bridges, these prehistoric remains were similar to formations found in Brittany and other parts of France. The first effort to document these remains occurred in 1863, when Laurent-Charles Féraud, a French army interpreter, recorded thousands of dolmens and stone formations south-west of Constantine...
February 16, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195029/the-problem-of-epistemic-jurisdiction-in-global-governance-the-case-of-sustainability-standards-for-biofuels
#11
David E Winickoff, Matthieu Mondou
While there is ample scholarly work on regulatory science within the state, or single-sited global institutions, there is less on its operation within complex modes of global governance that are decentered, overlapping, multi-sectorial and multi-leveled. Using a co-productionist framework, this study identifies 'epistemic jurisdiction' - the power to produce or warrant technical knowledge for a given political community, topical arena or geographical territory - as a central problem for regulatory science in complex governance...
February 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185788/echinoderm-development-and-evolution-in-the-post-genomic-era
#12
REVIEW
Gregory A Cary, Veronica F Hinman
The highly recognizable animals within the phylum Echinodermata encompass an enormous disparity of adult and larval body plans. The extensive knowledge of sea urchin development has culminated in the description of the exquisitely detailed gene regulatory network (GRN) that governs the specification of various embryonic territories. This information provides a unique opportunity for comparative studies in other echinoderm taxa to understand the evolution and developmental mechanisms underlying body plan change...
February 6, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181967/early-evaluation-findings-from-a-federally-funded-training-program-the-public-health-associate-program
#13
Robyn K Sobelson, Andrea C Young, Corinne J Wigington, Heather Duncan
OBJECTIVE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created the Public Health Associate Program (PHAP) to establish a continuous source of public health professionals who can deliver frontline services at the federal, state, tribal, local, and territorial levels. The article describes preliminary evaluation findings for PHAP. DESIGN: The evaluation's primary purposes are to assess the quality and effectiveness of PHAP, determine its value and impact, and provide information to continuously improve the program...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177102/-central-purchasing-bodies-and-spending-review-in-health-sector
#14
Luigi Spampinato
The aim of this paper is to analyze the new model of centralization of purchases in Italy after the approval of the 2016 Stability Law, with particular reference to the health sector. In fact, the spending review process in Italy in the health sector has had a strong evolution with the 2016 Stability Law, which has introduced the obligation for the institutions of the National Health Service to obtain supplies, exclusively, from aggregators subjects, for certain product categories of the health sector. The legislature, over the years, was mainly characterized by measures to reduce the spending limits for purchases of goods and services or by resetting the fees, including the provision of an obligation for the renegotiation of health goods and services contracts, in order to ensure the effective implementation of the expenditure rationalization by aggregation of goods and services...
January 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161540/genome-organization-in-the-nucleus-from-dynamic-measurements-to-a-functional-model
#15
REVIEW
Anat Vivante, Eugene Brozgol, Irena Bronshtein, Yuval Garini
A biological system is by definition a dynamic environment encompassing kinetic processes that occur at different length scales and time ranges. To explore this type of system, spatial information needs to be acquired at different time scales. This means overcoming significant hurdles, including the need for stable and precise labeling of the required probes and the use of state of the art optical methods. However, to interpret the acquired data, biophysical models that can account for these biological mechanisms need to be developed...
February 1, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145767/examining-guidelines-for-school-based-breakfast-programs-in-canada-a-systematic-review-of-the-grey-literature
#16
Katelyn M Godin, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Rhona M Hanning, Jackie Stapleton, Scott T Leatherdale
School breakfast programs are widespread and serve varying objectives regarding youth health promotion. Evidence-based guidelines for breakfast programs may be important in maximizing their effectiveness related to student outcomes, yet it is unclear what is available in Canada. A systematic review was conducted to identify and compare Canadian guidelines related to breakfast programs. Data sources included grey literature databases, customized search engines, targeted websites, and content expert consultations...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110644/a-snapshot-of-physical-activity-programs-targeting-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-in-australia
#17
Rona Macniven, Michelle Elwell, Kathy Ride, Adrian Bauman, Justin Richards
Issue addressed: Participation in physical activity programs can be an effective strategy to reduce chronic disease risk factors and improve broader social outcomes. Health and social outcomes are worse among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders than non-Indigenous Australians, who represent an important group for culturally specific programs. The extent of current practice in physical activity programs is largely unknown. This study identifies such programs targeting this population group and describes their characteristics...
January 19, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092965/a-national-analysis-of-dental-waiting-lists-and-point-in-time-geographic-access-to-subsidised-dental-care-can-geographic-access-be-improved-by-offering-public-dental-care-through-private-dental-clinics
#18
Yevgeni Dudko, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
INTRODUCTION: Australia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, with a population concentrated on or around coastal areas. Up to 33% of the Australian population are likely to have untreated dental decay, while people with inadequate dentition (fewer than 21 teeth) account for up to 34% of Australian adults. Historically, inadequate access to public dental care has resulted in long waiting lists, received much media coverage and been the subject of a new federal and state initiative...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057166/similar-biologics-global-opportunities-and-issues
#19
Prasanta Kumar Ghosh
The invention and use of a large number of biologics during the last three decades for treating various deficiencies and chronic disorders has resulted in great benefit to human health. Abundant use of these biologics has been considerably constrained due to the reasons of their increased prices, charged by the inventors up to the time up to which their use were/are protected by intellectual property rights (IPR).Some of these biologics are presently being manufactured by the existing and newer companies as "similar biologics" after the IPR on these products have expired and as a result the prices of several such medicines are coming down...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056721/controlling-new-knowledge-genomic-science-governance-and-the-politics-of-bioinformatics
#20
Brian Salter, Charlotte Salter
The rise of bioinformatics is a direct response to the political difficulties faced by genomics in its quest to be a new biomedical innovation, and the value of bioinformatics lies in its role as the bridge between the promise of genomics and its realization in the form of health benefits. Western scientific elites are able to use their close relationship with the state to control and facilitate the emergence of new domains compatible with the existing distribution of epistemic power - all within the embrace of public trust...
January 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
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