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Territorial governance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202101/berber-genealogy-and-the-politics-of-prehistoric-archaeology-and-craniology-in-french-algeria-1860s-1880s
#1
Bonnie Effros
Following the conquest of Algiers and its surrounding territory by the French army in 1830, officers noted an abundance of standing stones in this region of North Africa. Although they attracted considerably less attention among their cohort than more familiar Roman monuments such as triumphal arches and bridges, these prehistoric remains were similar to formations found in Brittany and other parts of France. The first effort to document these remains occurred in 1863, when Laurent-Charles Féraud, a French army interpreter, recorded thousands of dolmens and stone formations south-west of Constantine...
February 16, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195029/the-problem-of-epistemic-jurisdiction-in-global-governance-the-case-of-sustainability-standards-for-biofuels
#2
David E Winickoff, Matthieu Mondou
While there is ample scholarly work on regulatory science within the state, or single-sited global institutions, there is less on its operation within complex modes of global governance that are decentered, overlapping, multi-sectorial and multi-leveled. Using a co-productionist framework, this study identifies 'epistemic jurisdiction' - the power to produce or warrant technical knowledge for a given political community, topical arena or geographical territory - as a central problem for regulatory science in complex governance...
February 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185788/echinoderm-development-and-evolution-in-the-post-genomic-era
#3
REVIEW
Gregory A Cary, Veronica F Hinman
The highly recognizable animals within the phylum Echinodermata encompass an enormous disparity of adult and larval body plans. The extensive knowledge of sea urchin development has culminated in the description of the exquisitely detailed gene regulatory network (GRN) that governs the specification of various embryonic territories. This information provides a unique opportunity for comparative studies in other echinoderm taxa to understand the evolution and developmental mechanisms underlying body plan change...
February 6, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181967/early-evaluation-findings-from-a-federally-funded-training-program-the-public-health-associate-program
#4
Robyn K Sobelson, Andrea C Young, Corinne J Wigington, Heather Duncan
OBJECTIVE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created the Public Health Associate Program (PHAP) to establish a continuous source of public health professionals who can deliver frontline services at the federal, state, tribal, local, and territorial levels. The article describes preliminary evaluation findings for PHAP. DESIGN: The evaluation's primary purposes are to assess the quality and effectiveness of PHAP, determine its value and impact, and provide information to continuously improve the program...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177102/-central-purchasing-bodies-and-spending-review-in-health-sector
#5
Luigi Spampinato
The aim of this paper is to analyze the new model of centralization of purchases in Italy after the approval of the 2016 Stability Law, with particular reference to the health sector. In fact, the spending review process in Italy in the health sector has had a strong evolution with the 2016 Stability Law, which has introduced the obligation for the institutions of the National Health Service to obtain supplies, exclusively, from aggregators subjects, for certain product categories of the health sector. The legislature, over the years, was mainly characterized by measures to reduce the spending limits for purchases of goods and services or by resetting the fees, including the provision of an obligation for the renegotiation of health goods and services contracts, in order to ensure the effective implementation of the expenditure rationalization by aggregation of goods and services...
January 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161540/genome-organization-in-the-nucleus-from-dynamic-measurements-to-a-functional-model
#6
REVIEW
Anat Vivante, Eugene Brozgol, Irena Bronshtein, Yuval Garini
A biological system is by definition a dynamic environment encompassing kinetic processes that occur at different length scales and time ranges. To explore this type of system, spatial information needs to be acquired at different time scales. This means overcoming significant hurdles, including the need for stable and precise labeling of the required probes and the use of state of the art optical methods. However, to interpret the acquired data, biophysical models that can account for these biological mechanisms need to be developed...
February 1, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145767/examining-guidelines-for-school-based-breakfast-programs-in-canada-a-systematic-review-of-the-grey-literature
#7
Katelyn M Godin, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Rhona M Hanning, Jackie Stapleton, Scott T Leatherdale
School breakfast programs are widespread and serve varying objectives regarding youth health promotion. Evidence-based guidelines for breakfast programs may be important in maximizing their effectiveness related to student outcomes, yet it is unclear what is available in Canada. A systematic review was conducted to identify and compare Canadian guidelines related to breakfast programs. Data sources included grey literature databases, customized search engines, targeted websites, and content expert consultations...
February 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110644/a-snapshot-of-physical-activity-programs-targeting-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-in-australia
#8
Rona Macniven, Michelle Elwell, Kathy Ride, Adrian Bauman, Justin Richards
Issue addressed: Participation in physical activity programs can be an effective strategy to reduce chronic disease risk factors and improve broader social outcomes. Health and social outcomes are worse among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders than non-Indigenous Australians, who represent an important group for culturally specific programs. The extent of current practice in physical activity programs is largely unknown. This study identifies such programs targeting this population group and describes their characteristics...
January 19, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092965/a-national-analysis-of-dental-waiting-lists-and-point-in-time-geographic-access-to-subsidised-dental-care-can-geographic-access-be-improved-by-offering-public-dental-care-through-private-dental-clinics
#9
Yevgeni Dudko, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
INTRODUCTION: Australia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world, with a population concentrated on or around coastal areas. Up to 33% of the Australian population are likely to have untreated dental decay, while people with inadequate dentition (fewer than 21 teeth) account for up to 34% of Australian adults. Historically, inadequate access to public dental care has resulted in long waiting lists, received much media coverage and been the subject of a new federal and state initiative...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057166/similar-biologics-global-opportunities-and-issues
#10
Prasanta Kumar Ghosh
The invention and use of a large number of biologics during the last three decades for treating various deficiencies and chronic disorders has resulted in great benefit to human health. Abundant use of these biologics has been considerably constrained due to the reasons of their increased prices, charged by the inventors up to the time up to which their use were/are protected by intellectual property rights (IPR).Some of these biologics are presently being manufactured by the existing and newer companies as "similar biologics" after the IPR on these products have expired and as a result the prices of several such medicines are coming down...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056721/controlling-new-knowledge-genomic-science-governance-and-the-politics-of-bioinformatics
#11
Brian Salter, Charlotte Salter
The rise of bioinformatics is a direct response to the political difficulties faced by genomics in its quest to be a new biomedical innovation, and the value of bioinformatics lies in its role as the bridge between the promise of genomics and its realization in the form of health benefits. Western scientific elites are able to use their close relationship with the state to control and facilitate the emergence of new domains compatible with the existing distribution of epistemic power - all within the embrace of public trust...
January 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038484/-the-first-record-of-the-delivery-of-conjoined-twins-in-the-srem-county-in-the-19th-century
#12
Jovan Maksimović, Marko Maksimović
In this paper is presented the first original document of the delivery of conjoined twins on the territory of the present-day Vojvodina. The document number 1224 consists of two handwritten quires. On the first page of the first quire are a description and a drawing of the delivered twins. The delivery was described and drawn by Dr. Ernest Furjaković, a shire physician in Ruma and the secondary physicus of the Srem County, who attended and handled the delivery. The conjoined twins were delivered in the night between 2 and 3 April 1852 in Mali Radinci, a small village in the Srem County nearby Ruma, in the far south of the Habsburg Monarchy...
December 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024884/consumers-perceptions-of-food-risks-a-snapshot-of-the-italian-triveneto-area
#13
Barbara Tiozzo, Silvia Mari, Mirko Ruzza, Stefania Crovato, Licia Ravarotto
This study investigated the food risk perceptions of people living in the Triveneto area (Northeast Italy), a territory characterized by a particular interest in the production of quality foodstuffs, to determine what aspects people associate with food risk and to understand what beliefs underlie these perceptions. Four focus groups were conducted in the major towns of the target area (N = 45). A semi-structured interview was used that focused on beliefs about food risks, the use of information and media sources in relation to food risk, and the behaviours adopted when eating outside the home...
December 23, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997940/australia-s-response-to-ebola-virus-disease-in-west-africa-2014-15
#14
Gwendolyn L Gilbert
In March 2016, the World Health Organization declared the 2014-15 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak officially over. With around 29 000 cases and 11 000 deaths in 27 months, this EVD outbreak was more than 60 times larger than any before, and unique in its cross-border spread and involvement of urban centres. Local and international responses were slow and initially inadequate, but establishment of the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response, 9 months after the outbreak began, allowed a coordinated effort that slowed and eventually controlled the spread of disease...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968864/hiv-testing-campaigns-and-treatment-interventions-for-control-of-epidemic-hiv-growth-among-heterosexuals-a-mathematical-modelling-study
#15
Ngai Sze Wong, Ka Hing Wong, Owen T Y Tsang, Man Po Lee, Shui Shan Lee
BACKGROUND: In 2015, WHO recommended universal antiretroviral treatment for HIV irrespective of CD4 cell count. The impact of this recommendation on heterosexual HIV transmission, especially in low prevalence countries, has not been well-characterised. In Hong Kong, 38% of reported HIV cases are heterosexually acquired. We aimed to model the impacts of enhanced HIV testing and immediate treatment to provide a reference to other provinces in China. METHODS: We developed deterministic compartmental models (sexually active heterosexual males and females) for simulation of HIV epidemiology for 1983-2011 in Hong Kong, with data projected to 2012-20...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968863/effects-of-hiv-diagnosis-and-enrolment-in-care-on-transmission-risk-of-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Tsz Ho Kwan, Chin Man Poon, Ka Hing Wong, Shui Shan Lee
BACKGROUND: The HIV continuum of care is a framework for monitoring of health-care service targets. From a public health perspective, little is known about the changes of transmission risks of HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) at different stages in the continuum. In this study we aimed to assess the effects of HIV diagnosis and enrolment in care on the transmission risk of HIV-infected MSM in Hong Kong. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to HIV-positive MSM attending the largest HIV specialist clinic in Hong Kong between October and December, 2014...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956644/decentralization-can-help-reduce-deforestation-when-user-groups-engage-with-local-government
#17
Glenn D Wright, Krister P Andersson, Clark C Gibson, Tom P Evans
Policy makers around the world tout decentralization as an effective tool in the governance of natural resources. Despite the popularity of these reforms, there is limited scientific evidence on the environmental effects of decentralization, especially in tropical biomes. This study presents evidence on the institutional conditions under which decentralization is likely to be successful in sustaining forests. We draw on common-pool resource theory to argue that the environmental impact of decentralization hinges on the ability of reforms to engage local forest users in the governance of forests...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907027/assessment-of-soybean-flowering-and-seed-maturation-time-in-different-latitude-regions-of-kazakhstan
#18
Saule Abugalieva, Svetlana Didorenko, Shynar Anuarbek, Lubov Volkova, Yelena Gerasimova, Ivan Sidorik, Yerlan Turuspekov
Soybean is still a minor crop in Kazakhstan despite an increase in planting area from 4,500 to 11,400 km2 between 2006 and 2014. However, the Government's recently accepted crop diversification policy projects the expansion of soybean cultivation area to more than 40,000 km2 by 2020. The policy is targeting significant expansion of soybean production in South-eastern, Eastern, and Northern regions of Kazakhstan. Successful realization of this policy requires a comprehensive characterization of plant growth parameters to identify optimal genotypes with appropriate adaptive phenotypic traits...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900659/territorial-rights-and-carbon-sinks
#19
Steve Vanderheiden
Scholars concerned with abuses of the "resource privilege" by the governments of developing states sometimes call for national sovereignty over the natural resources that lie within its borders. While such claims may resist a key driver of the "resource curse" when applied to mineral resources in the ground, and are often recognized as among a people's territorial rights, their implications differ in the context of climate change, where they are invoked on behalf of a right to extract and combust fossil fuels that is set in opposition to global climate change mitigation imperatives...
November 29, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899245/lessons-learned-from-mississippi-s-telehealth-approach-to-health-disparities
#20
REVIEW
Richard D deShazo, Sara Bolen Parker
Many people see telemedicine as a solution to the nation's health disparities and in Mississippi as a solution to our last place in health. More than 13 years ago, the University of Mississippi Medical Center developed a successful TelEmergency program that saved rural Critical Access Hospitals and now provides telehealth services throughout the state. This occurred without acrimony because of partnerships that the University of Mississippi Medical Center developed with telecommunications companies, state government, health professions' licensure boards, and private donors...
November 27, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
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