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Territorial governance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344939/socially-informed-dispersal-in-a-territorial-cooperative-breeder
#1
Gabriele Cozzi, Nino Maag, Luca Börger, Tim Clutton-Brock, Arpat Ozgul
1.Dispersal is a key process governing the dynamics of socially and spatially structured populations, and involves three distinct stages: emigration, transience, and settlement. At each stage, individuals have to make movement decisions, which are influenced by social, environmental, and individual factors. Yet, a comprehensive understanding of the drivers that influence such decisions is still lacking, particularly for the transient stage during which free-living individuals are inherently difficult to follow...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334835/national-approaches-to-promote-sports-and-physical-activity-in-adults-with-disabilities-examples-from-the-netherlands-and-canada
#2
Femke Hoekstra, Lynn Roberts, Caroline van Lindert, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Lucas H V van der Woude, Mary Ann McColl
PURPOSE: This study described how the Dutch and Canadian governments promote high performance sports, recreational sports, and physical activity (PA) among adults with disabilities on a national level. METHODS: An internet-based study was conducted to identify and select relevant documents and websites containing information about the national approach to promote disability sports and physical activities in the Netherlands and Canada. RESULTS: Both governments promote high performance sports in similar ways, but use different strategies to promote recreational sports and physical activities...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311534/selection-and-management-of-medical-official-during-the-yuan-dynasty
#3
Dae-Gi Kim
Although the healthcare system of the Yuan Dynasty followed that of the Song Dynasty, there are certain differences between these two dynasties in terms of practices. Including appointing 'Yihus' in 'Zhusehuji' and setting up 'Guanyitijusi' to oversee Yihus, the Yuan Dynasty developed an effective management system for their physicians and, soon after the coronation of Khubilai, built 'Yixue (Medical school)' all over its territories in order to establish an organized and substantial medical training system...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300747/household-expenditure-on-leprosy-outpatient-services-in-the-indian-health-system-a-comparative-study
#4
Anuj Tiwari, Pramilesh Suryawanshi, Akash Raikwar, Mohammad Arif, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Leprosy is a major public health problem in many low and middle income countries, especially in India, and contributes considerably to the global burden of the disease. Leprosy and poverty are closely associated, and therefore the economic burden of leprosy is a concern. However, evidence on patient's expenditure is scarce. In this study, we estimate the expenditure in primary care (outpatient) by leprosy households in two different public health settings. METHODOLOGY / PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We performed a cross-sectional study, comparing the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli with the Umbergaon block of Valsad, Gujrat, India...
January 4, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299626/top-down-bottom-up-and-sideways-the-multilayered-complexities-of-multi-level-actors-shaping-forest-governance-and-redd-arrangements-in-madre-de-dios-peru
#5
Dawn Rodriguez-Ward, Anne M Larson, Harold Gordillo Ruesta
This study examines the role multilevel governance plays in the adoption of sustainable landscape management initiatives in emerging arrangements aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). It sheds light on the challenges these multiple layers of actors and interests encounter around such alternatives in a subnational jurisdiction. Through transcript analysis of 93 interviews with institutional actors in the region of Madre de Dios, Peru, particularly with regard to five sites of land-use change, we identified the multiple actors who are included and excluded in the decision-making process and uncovered their complex interactions in forest and landscape governance and REDD+ arrangements...
January 3, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#6
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258775/spatially-distributed-potential-of-landfill-biogas-production-and-electric-power-generation-in-brazil
#7
Rodolfo M Lima, Afonso H M Santos, Camilo R S Pereira, Bárbara K Flauzino, Ana Cristina O S Pereira, Fábio J H Nogueira, José Alfredo R Valverde
Due to the relatively low investment, operation costs, and technical requirements, landfills are still the most widespread alternative for final disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW). The biogas produced in the landfill, a renewable energy source, may be an important alternative for electric power generation. Brazil has a significant number of operating landfills, which receive the most part of the collected MSW. However, the country has only 17 landfill biogas power plants (LBPPs), resulting in about 122 MW of capacity...
December 16, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258521/long-term-trends-in-supply-and-sustainability-of-the-health-workforce-in-remote-aboriginal-communities-in-the-northern-territory-of-australia
#8
Yuejen Zhao, Deborah J Russell, Steven Guthridge, Mark Ramjan, Michael P Jones, John S Humphreys, Timothy A Carey, John Wakerman
BACKGROUND: International evidence suggests that a key to improving health and attaining more equitable health outcomes for disadvantaged populations is a health system with a strong primary care sector. Longstanding problems with health workforce supply and turnover in remote Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory (NT), Australia, jeopardise primary care delivery and the effort to overcome the substantial gaps in health outcomes for this population. This research describes temporal changes in workforce supply in government-operated clinics in remote NT communities through a period in which there has been a substantial increase in health funding...
December 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241476/inahta-impact-story-legislative-and-accreditation-requirements-for-office-based-surgery-in-australia
#9
David Tivey, Ning Ma, Joanna Duncan, Yasoba Atukorale, Robyn Lambert, Guy Maddern
BACKGROUND: There is growing trend for some surgical procedures previously performed in hospitals to be done in alternative settings, including office-based facilities. There has been some safety concerns reported in the media, which document serious adverse events following procedures performed in an office-based setting. To understand the current regulatory oversight of surgery in this setting ASERNIP-S conducted a review of the legislative and accreditation process governing these facilities in Australia...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235711/an-assessment-of-australian-school-physical-activity-and-nutrition-policies
#10
Michalis Stylianou, Jacqueline L Walker
OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to identify and assess existing physical activity and nutrition policies for Australian schools. METHODS: Policies were identified through a search of the websites of national and state/territory education departments and school associations, and were subsequently assessed against specific criteria. RESULTS: Policies were identified for government schools, but only for one non-government school association...
December 13, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232978/primary-health-care-reform-dilemmatic-space-and-risk-of-burnout-among-health-workers
#11
Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Ronald Labonté, Sara Javanparast, Angela Lawless
Health system changes may increase primary health care workers' dilemmatic space, created when reforms contravene professional values. Dilemmatic space may be a risk factor for burnout. This study partnered with six Australian primary health care services (in South Australia: four state government-managed services including one Aboriginal health team and one non-government organisation and in Northern Territory: one Aboriginal community-controlled service) during a period of change and examined workers' dilemmatic space and incidence of burnout...
February 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215789/who-owns-the-brazilian-carbon
#12
Flavio L M Freitas, Oskar Englund, Gerd Sparovek, Göran Berndes, Vinicius Guidotti, Luís F G Pinto, Ulla Mörtberg
Brazil is one of the major contributors to land-use change emissions, mostly driven by agricultural expansion for food, feed and bioenergy feedstock. Policies to avoid deforestation related to private commitments, economic incentives, and other support schemes are expected to improve the effectiveness of current command and control mechanisms increasingly. However, until recently, land tenure was unknown for much of the Brazilian territory, which has undermined the governance of native vegetation and challenged support and incentive mechanisms for avoiding deforestation...
December 7, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180941/legislating-for-transnational-ageing-a-challenge-to-the-logics-of-the-welfare-state
#13
Anita Böcker, Alistair Hunter
Transnational ageing presents fundamental challenges to nationally bounded welfare states, which historically have tended to be organised according to a logic of solidarity among nationals and permanent residents of a given state territory. Nonetheless, the Dutch and French governments have taken steps to break this link between solidarity and territorially bounded consumption of welfare, by providing lifelong income security for older migrants who return to countries of origin on a permanent or semi-permanent basis...
December 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176589/australia-s-influenza-pandemic-preparedness-plans-an-analysis
#14
Ralf Itzwerth, Aye Moa, C Raina MacIntyre
We analysed Australian plans issued by the public sector and current at the time of the last human pandemic in 2009. They came from various levels of governance, and offered guidance in key domains. Using 13 established criteria, we rated 10 plans (national, state, and territorial) for their usefulness to guide health and medical intervention, business continuity, and crisis communication, plus consideration of at-risk populations. The intended end-user of most plans was not clear, whether hospital manager, health worker, or policy maker...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114934/illegal-fishing-and-territorial-user-rights-in-chile
#15
Rodrigo Oyanedel, Andres Keim, Juan Carlos Castilla, Stefan Gelcich
Illegal fishing poses a major threat for the conservation of marine resources worldwide. However, there is still limited empirical research that quantifies illegal catch levels. This study uses the Randomized Response Technique to estimate the proportion of divers, and the quantities extracted of illegal "loco" (Concholepas concholepas), a gastropod managed for the past 17 years through a Territorial User Rights for Fisheries system (TURFs) in Chile. Results show that illegal fishing is widespread along the TURFs system, with official reported landings accounting for only 14- 30% of the total loco extraction...
November 7, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114874/the-revolt-of-the-rust-belt-place-and-politics-in-the-age-of-anger
#16
Michael McQuarrie
This paper argues that the election of Donald Trump is the product of a confluence of historical factors rather than the distinctive appeal of the victor himself. By paying particular attention to the geography of unusual voting behaviour the analytical question comes into view: why did so much uncharacteristic voting occur in the Rust Belt states of the upper Midwest? It is impossible to answer this question adequately using conventional categorical attributes. The usual hypotheses of 'economic anxiety' and white revanchism are unable to account for sudden shifts in the voting behaviour of both white and black voters in post-industrial territories...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114387/repeat-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccination-does-not-impair-functional-immune-responses-among-indigenous-australians
#17
Paul V Licciardi, Edwin Hoe, Zheng Quan Toh, Anne Balloch, Sarah Moberley, Paula Binks, Rachel Marimla, Amanda Leach, Sue Skull, Kim Mulholland, Ross Andrews
Indigenous Australians experience one of the highest rates of pneumococcal disease globally. In the Northern Territory of Australia, a unique government-funded vaccination schedule for Indigenous Australian adults comprising multiple lifetime doses of the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine is currently implemented. Despite this programme, rates of pneumococcal disease do not appear to be declining, with concerns raised over the potential for immune hyporesponse associated with the use of this vaccine. We undertook a study to examine the immunogenicity and immune function of a single and repeat pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccination among Indigenous adults compared to non-Indigenous adults...
October 2017: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113753/best-practices-for-online-canadian-prenatal-health-promotion-a-public-health-approach
#18
Rebecca A Chedid, Rowan M Terrell, Karen P Phillips
BACKGROUND: Prenatal health promotion provides information regarding pregnancy risks, protective behaviours and clinical and community resources. Typically, women obtain prenatal health information from health care providers, prenatal classes, peers/family, media and increasingly, Internet sites and mobile apps. Barriers to prenatal health promotion and related services include language, rural/remote location, citizenship and disability. Online public health platforms represent the capacity to reach underserved women and can be customised to address the needs of a heterogeneous population of pregnant women...
November 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106555/falling-short-how-state-laws-can-address-health-information-exchange-barriers-and-enablers
#19
Cason D Schmit, Sarah A Wetter, Bita A Kash
Objective: Research on the implementation of health information exchange (HIE) organizations has identified both positive and negative effects of laws relating to governance, incentives, mandates, sustainability, stakeholder participation, patient engagement, privacy, confidentiality, and security. We fill a substantial research gap by describing whether comprehensive state and territorial HIE legal frameworks address identified legal facilitators and barriers. Materials and Methods: We used the Westlaw database to identify state and territorial laws relating to HIEs in effect on June 7, 2016 (53 jurisdictions)...
November 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102984/how-to-adapt-existing-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-a-case-example-with-smoking-cessation-guidelines-in-canada
#20
Peter Selby, Katie Hunter, Jess Rogers, Kelly Lang-Robertson, Sophie Soklaridis, Virginia Chow, Michèle Tremblay, Denise Koubanioudakis, Rosa Dragonetti, Sarwar Hussain, Laurie Zawertailo
OBJECTIVE: To develop and encourage the adoption of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for smoking cessation in Canada by engaging stakeholders in the adaptation of existing high-quality CPGs using principles of the ADAPTE framework. METHODS: An independent expert body in guideline review conducted a review and identified six existing CPGs, which met a priori criteria for quality and potential applicability to the local context. Summary statements were extracted and assigned a grade of recommendation and level of evidence by a second expert panel...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
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