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Visceral obesity cardiovascular risk factor

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029015/association-between-blood-mercury-level-and-visceral-adiposity-in-adults
#1
Jong Suk Park, Kyoung Hwa Ha, Ka He, Dae Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between mercury exposure and obesity. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between blood mercury concentrations and indices of obesity in adults. METHODS: A total of 200 healthy subjects, aged 30 to 64 years, who had no history of cardiovascular or malignant disease, were examined. Anthropometric and various biochemical profiles were measured. Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
December 21, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027796/associations-of-serum-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-levels-with-obesity-and-visceral-fat-accumulation
#2
Xiang Hu, Xiaojing Ma, Yuqi Luo, Yiting Xu, Qin Xiong, Xiaoping Pan, Yunfeng Xiao, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recent findings raise the possibility that fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 may be related with fat contents and distribution. The present study aimed to elucidate the associations of serum FGF23 levels with the fat contents and distribution. METHODS: A total of 1599 normoglycemic individuals with preserved kidney function were enrolled. Serum levels of intact FGF23 were detected using a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Overweight/obesity was defined by a body mass index of ≥25...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026829/retinol-binding-protein-4-rbp4-as-the-causative-factor-and-marker-of-vascular-injury-related-to-insulin-resistance
#3
Marcin Majerczyk, Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz, Monika Puzianowska-Kuźnicka, Jerzy Chudek
One of adipokines involved in the development of insulin resistance is retinol-binding protein 4(RBP4). The physiological role of RBP4 is transport of retinol from the liver to peripheral tissues. One of the first events related to the excessive visceral fat accumulation is the development of inflammation followed by hormonal adipose tissue dysfunction, including excessive RBP4 production. Reduced density of the membrane-type glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is considered as a direct cause for the stimulation of RBP4 release to the circulation by adipocytes...
December 21, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012616/-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-abdominal-adiposity-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-elderly
#4
José Ramón Alvero-Cruz, Rosalía Fernández Vázquez, María Del Mar García Vega, Juan Antonio García Lavigne, María Victoria Rodríguez Linares, Javier Martínez Blanco
OBJECTIVES: It is recognised that abdominal adiposity is associated with cardiovascular risk factors, such as intolerance to glucose, hypertension and dyslipidaemia. The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship of trunk fat and visceral fat index, obtained by anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance, with metabolic syndrome (SM) in an elderly population. METHODS: The study included 208 subjects (78 men and 130 women) with a mean age of 82...
December 21, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981440/visceral-fat-is-associated-with-brain-structure-independent-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-status
#5
Jordan E Lake, Mikhail Popov, Wendy S Post, Frank J Palella, Ned Sacktor, Eric N Miller, Todd T Brown, James T Becker
The combined effects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), obesity, and elevated visceral adipose tissue (VAT) on brain structure are unknown. In a cross-sectional analysis of Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) participants, we determined associations between HIV serostatus, adiposity, and brain structure. Men (133 HIV+, 84 HIV-) in the MACS Cardiovascular 2 and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sub-studies with CT-quantified VAT and whole brain MRI measured within 1 year were assessed. Voxel-based morphometry analyzed brain volumes...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958252/comparison-of-the-body-compositions-in-obese-and-nonobese-individuals-can-learning-body-compositions-motivate-losing-weight
#6
R Kutlu, F G Cihan
BACKGROUND: Obesity is one of the leading preventable causes of death worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To compare body compositions in obese and nonobese individuals. METHODS: This cross-sectional study constituted of 428 individuals. Body compositions were determined using the Tanita. RESULTS: Of all the participants, 300 (70.1%) were female. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 30.8% and 47.7%, respectively. Having low educational level, female gender, not working, being married, and nonsmoker significantly increased more in obese than nonobese (P < 0...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933093/long-term-consumption-of-an-obesogenic-high-fat-diet-prior-to-ischemia-reperfusion-mediates-cardioprotection-via-epac1-dependent-signaling
#7
F Edland, A Wergeland, R Kopperud, K S Åsrud, E A Hoivik, S L Witsø, R Æsøy, L Madsen, K Kristiansen, M Bakke, S O Døskeland, A K Jonassen
BACKGROUND: Obesity is still considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, although more recent knowledge also suggests obesity to be associated with reduced morbidity and mortality - the "obesity paradox". This study explores if long-term feeding of an obesogenic high fat diet renders the myocardium less susceptible to ischemic-reperfusion induced injury via Epac-dependent signaling. METHODS: Wild type (wt), Epac1 (Epac1(-/-)) and Epac2 (Epac2(-/-)) deficient mice were fed a high fat (HFD) or normal chow diet (ND) for 33 ± 1 weeks...
2016: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921043/metabolic-vascular-syndrome-new-insights-into-a-multidimensional-network-of-risk-factors-and-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Gerhard H Scholz, Markolf Hanefeld
BACKGROUND: Since 1981, we have used the term metabolic syndrome to describe an association of a dysregulation in lipid metabolism (high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, disturbed glucose homeostasis (enhanced fasting and/or prandial glucose), gout, and hypertension), with android obesity being based on a common soil (overnutrition, reduced physical activity, sociocultural factors, and genetic predisposition). We hypothesized that main traits of the syndrome occur early and are tightly connected with hyperinsulinemia/insulin resistance, procoagulation, and cardiovascular diseases...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865196/-browning-the-cardiac-and-peri-vascular-adipose-tissues-to-modulate-cardiovascular-risk
#9
REVIEW
Peter Aldiss, Graeme Davies, Rachel Woods, Helen Budge, Harold S Sacks, Michael E Symonds
Excess visceral adiposity, in particular that located adjacent to the heart and coronary arteries is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In the pathophysiological state, dysfunctional adipose tissue secretes an array of factors modulating vascular function and driving atherogenesis. Conversely, brown and beige adipose tissues utilise glucose and lipids to generate heat and are associated with improved cardiometabolic health. The cardiac and thoracic perivascular adipose tissues are now understood to be composed of brown adipose tissue in the healthy state and undergo a brown-to-white transition i...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796618/distinct-secretory-activity-and-clinical-impact-of-subcutaneous-abdominal-adipose-tissue-in-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#10
Ewa Kontny, Agnieszka Zielińska, Urszula Skalska, Krystyna Księżopolska-Orłowska, Piotr Głuszko, Włodzimierz Maśliński
In the general population, low-grade inflammation of adipose tissue accompanies obesity and contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD) development, but the implication of this tissue in rheumatic disease pathology is unclear. Therefore, we characterized the secretory activity of subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAAT) of females with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) and searched for its relationship with intensity of systemic inflammation, body composition and comorbidity. The secretion of classical adipokines (leptin, adiponectin), pro- and anti-inflammatory factors, i...
October 28, 2016: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765543/the-ratio-between-visceral-and-subcutaneous-abdominal-fat-assessed-by-computed-tomography-is-an-independent-predictor-of-mortality-and-cardiac-events
#11
Ricardo Ladeiras-Lopes, Francisco Sampaio, Nuno Bettencourt, Ricardo Fontes-Carvalho, Nuno Ferreira, Adelino Leite-Moreira, Vasco Gama
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity is an important cardiovascular risk factor and the location of fat deposits seems to be an important determinant of its metabolic impact. Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) exerts a harmful effect on metabolic homeostasis, but few longitudinal studies have evaluated the prognostic impact of the ratio of VAT to subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). This study aimed to evaluate whether the VAT/SAT ratio was associated with all-cause mortality and cardiac events...
October 17, 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761987/long-term-effect-of-exercise-on-improving-fatty-liver-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-obese-adults-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#12
Hui-Jie Zhang, Ling-Ling Pan, Zhi-Min Ma, Zheng Chen, Zhu-Feng Huang, Qian Sun, Yan Lu, Cheng-Kun Han, Ming-Zhu Lin, Xue-Jun Li, Shu-Yu Yang, Xiao-Ying Li
Exercise training can reduce hepatic fat accumulation and cardiovascular risk among patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but how long these benefits extend beyond the period of active intervention is unclear. Intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and metabolic risk factors were assessed among 220 obese subjects with NAFLD who were randomly assigned to vigorous-moderate exercise, moderate exercise, or control over the subsequent 1 year after 12-month exercise intervention...
October 19, 2016: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756781/glycerophosphocholine-metabolites-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-adolescents-a-cohort-study
#13
Catriona Syme, Simon Czajkowski, Jean Shin, Michal Abrahamowicz, Gabriel Leonard, Michel Perron, Louis Richer, Suzanne Veillette, Daniel Gaudet, Lisa Strug, Yun Wang, Hongbin Xu, Graeme Taylor, Tomas Paus, Steffany Bennett, Zdenka Pausova
BACKGROUND: Glycerophosphocholine (GPC) metabolites modulate atherosclerosis and thus risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Preclinical CVD may start during adolescence. Here, we used targeted serum lipidomics to identify a new panel of GPCs, and tested whether any of these GPCs are associated, in adolescence, with classical risk factors of CVD, namely excess visceral fat (VF), elevated blood pressure, insulin resistance, and atherogenic dyslipidemia. METHODS: We studied a population-based sample of 990 adolescents (12-18 years, 48% male), as part of the Saguenay Youth Study...
November 22, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755993/the-decreased-achievement-of-therapeutic-goal-in-lipid-lowering-therapy-in-obese-and-diabetic-patients-in-poland
#14
Michał Holecki, Gabriela Handzlik-Orlik, Agnieszka Almgren-Rachtan, Jan Duława, Jerzy Chudek
BACKGROUND: Statins are used to reduce a cardiovascular risk. However, the effectiveness of the therapy in many cases remains unsatisfactory. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of obesity and diabetes on the achievement of therapeutic goal in lipid-lowering therapy in patients with a various cardiovascular risk in the daily clinical practice. METHODS: This study was conducted on the basis of questionnaires obtained from 7018 patients (41...
February 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754019/js-ksh-jsh-chl-01-2-hypertension-additional-makers-and-mortality-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-big-data-analysis
#15
Ki Chul Sung
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors linked to insulin resistance and visceral obesity. Since 1988, when Gerald Reaven first described MetS as "Syndrome X," an abundance of research has been undertaken on its pathophysiology, prognosis, implications, therapeutic strategies, and clinical relationships with other metabolic diseases. Experts have focused on MetS during the last few decades not only because of the increasing importance of obesity in the development of metabolic diseases but also because of the effect of MetS on mortality and the development of cardiovascular diseases...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753812/ssa-04-3-leptin-adiponectin-in-cardiometabolic-disease
#16
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732801/adipose-vascular-coupling-and-potential-therapeutics
#17
Maik Gollasch
Excess visceral adipose tissue is associated with increased risk of high blood pressure, lipid disorders, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Adipose tissue is an endocrine organ with multiple humoral and metabolic roles in regulating whole-body physiology. However, perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) also plays a functional role in regulating the contractile state of the underlying smooth muscle cell layer. Work during the past decade has shown that this adipose-vascular coupling is achieved by production of numerous substances released from PVAT...
January 6, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27700189/differentiation-of-obese-patients-at-moderate-or-higher-findrisc-score-based-on-their-atherogenic-index
#18
Pavlina A Andreeva-Gateva, Petya Konsulova, Maria Orbetzova, Radka Georgieva-Nikolova, Radka Tafradjiiska-Hadjiolova, Violina Angelova, Yulian Voynikov, Irina Nikolova, Iscra Simova
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to reveal different subgroups of patients with at least moderate risk of developing diabetes in the next 10 years, based on clustering of cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: We performed a one-center cross-sectional study of adult patients (n = 109, median age 45 years) with Findrisc score of above 11 out of 26 maximum. We included in the cluster analysis anthropometrics, lipid and carbohydrate parameters obtained in oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin, C-peptide, creatinine, C-reactive protein, liver enzymes, beta-cell function, insulin sensitivity and insulin resistance (HOMA calculations)...
November 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643352/ssa-04-3-leptin-adiponectin-in-cardiometabolic-disease
#19
Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are major causes of death and illness worldwide. In recent decades an increased prevalence of CVD mortality has been reported in low-medium income countries, which has been associated with changes in life styles, deficiencies in health systems and the persistence of social inequities.The metabolic syndrome comprises a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors, with insulin resistance and increased adiposity as its central features. Identifying individuals with metabolic syndrome is important due to its association with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642937/js-ksh-jsh-chl-01-2-hypertension-additional-makers-and-mortality-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-big-data-analysis
#20
Ki Chul Sung
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors linked to insulin resistance and visceral obesity. Since 1988, when Gerald Reaven first described MetS as "Syndrome X," an abundance of research has been undertaken on its pathophysiology, prognosis, implications, therapeutic strategies, and clinical relationships with other metabolic diseases. Experts have focused on MetS during the last few decades not only because of the increasing importance of obesity in the development of metabolic diseases but also because of the effect of MetS on mortality and the development of cardiovascular diseases...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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