keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Visceral obesity cardiovascular risk factor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206648/relationship-between-plasma-protein-s-levels-and-apolipoprotein-c-ii-in-japanese-middle-aged-obese-women-and-young-nonobese-women
#1
Yukiko Otsuka, Maiko Ueda, Eri Nakazono, Tomohide Tsuda, Xiuri Jin, Kenta Noguchi, Shihoko Sata, Hitomi Miyazaki, Shimako Abe, Katsumi Imai, Masako Iwamoto, Takashi Masuda, Ririko Moriguchi, Shuji Nakano, Hiroko Tsuda
: Protein S, a nonenzymatic cofactor to activated protein C, presents in two forms in plasma, free form and in a complex with C4b-binding protein. The aim of this study was to determine the association of plasma protein S levels with the variables related to cardiovascular disease risk. The relationships between plasma protein S levels with lipids, inflammation markers, and adiposity were first examined on middle-aged obese women (n = 62), then on young nonobese women (n = 160) to verify the findings in the obese women...
December 4, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203751/-metabolic-syndrome-a-new-look-at-a-known-problem
#2
Sylwia Płaczkowska, Lilla Pawlik-Sobecka, Izabela Kokot, Agnieszka Piwowar
Civilization changes over the past decades have been associated with an increase in the incidence of various metabolic disorders, especially in the carbohydrate-lipid metabolism, which are not always associated with obesity. Metabolic syndrome, despite changing criteria of recognition, is a clinically established risk factor for civilization diseases development. On the other side, the incidence of complex metabolic disorders in non-obese people is increasing, which is referred to in the literature as metabolic obesity with normal body mass...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195108/novel-combined-index-of-cardiometabolic-risk-related-to-periarterial-fat-improves-the-clinical-prediction-for-coronary-artery-disease-complexity
#3
Maciej Haberka, Michał Lelek, Tomasz Bochenek, Adam Kowalówka, Rafał Młynarski, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Zbigniew Gąsior
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiovascular (CV) risk assessment based on conventional risk factors has a limited performance in the prediction of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Therefore, our aim was to provide a complete assessment on the associations between single or combined cardiovascular ultrasound indexes and the complexity of CAD in high and very-high risk patients. METHODS: Two hundred fifteen patients scheduled for elective coronary angiography were enrolled in the study (F/M: 80/135 pts; age: 61...
September 15, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189132/polyphenols-novel-signaling-pathways
#4
Marie-Louise Ricketts, Bradley S Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is currently the leading cause of death globally. The metabolic syndrome (MetS), a clustering of risk factors including hypertension, hyperglycemia, elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and increased visceral adiposity, is a significant risk factor for the development of CVD. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), often referred to as the hepatic manifestation of MetS, is a constellation of progressive liver disorders closely linked to obesity, diabetes, and insulin resistance...
November 29, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184576/the-relationship-between-food-insecurity-with-cardiovascular-risk-markers-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-population-based-study-from-kerman-coronary-artery-disease-risk-study
#5
Mohammad Reza Mahmoodi, Hamid Najafipour, Mohammad Ali Mohsenpour, Mojgan Amiri
Background: We sought the prevalence of food insecurity and whether cardiovascular risk markers and metabolic syndrome components are significantly different in categories of food insecurity in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 520 patients with type 2 diabetes from the Kerman coronary artery disease risk study aged between 23 and 87 years (60.8 ± 11.4) who selected by one-stage cluster sampling were assigned into four groups of "food secure" and "mild," "moderate," and "severe" food insecure...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169989/adamts18-deficiency-leads-to-visceral-adiposity-and-associated-metabolic-syndrome-in-mice
#6
Rui Zhu, Mengting Cheng, Tiantian Lu, Ning Yang, Shuai Ye, Yi-Hsuan Pan, Tao Hong, Suying Dang, Wei Zhang
Visceral adiposity is of greater risk than obesity in subcutaneous adipose tissue for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Its pathogenesis remains unclear, but it is associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTSs) are a family of secreted Zn-dependent metalloproteinases that play crucial roles in development and various diseases owing to their ECM remodeling activity. ADAMTS18 is an "orphan ADAMTS" whose function and substrate remain unclear...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146142/visceral-adiposity-index-as-a-predictor-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-a-relatively-healthy-population-in-taiwan
#7
Yi-Chuan Chen, Shih-Han Lai, Yi-Wen Tsai, Shy-Shin Chang
OBJECTIVES: Abdominal obesity is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Visceral adiposity index (VAI), a simple formula representing visceral adipose dysfunction, has already been proven to have a strong correlation with various cardiometabolic disorders. Limited studies are available regarding the relationship between VAI and renal function decline. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between VAI and renal function and to estimate the risk of chronic kidney disease in a relatively healthy adult population in Taiwan...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138984/11%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenases-and-hypertension-in-the-metabolic-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Matthew A Bailey
The metabolic syndrome describes a clustering of risk factors-visceral obesity, dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance, and salt-sensitive hypertension-that increases mortality related to cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. The prevalence of these concurrent comorbidities is ~ 25-30% worldwide, and metabolic syndrome therefore presents a significant global public health burden. Evidence from clinical and preclinical studies indicates that glucocorticoid excess is a key causal feature of metabolic syndrome...
November 14, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102347/relation-of-changes-in-body-fat-distribution-to-oxidative-stress
#9
Heval M Kelli, Frank E Corrigan, Robert E Heinl, Devinder S Dhindsa, Muhammad Hammadah, Ayman Samman-Tahhan, Pratik Sandesara, Wesley T O'Neal, Ibhar Al Mheid, Yi-An Ko, Viola Vaccarino, Thomas R Ziegler, Laurence S Sperling, Kenneth Brigham, Dean Jones, Greg S Martin, Arshed A Quyyumi
Android fat is a surrogate measure of visceral obesity in the truncal region. Both visceral adiposity and oxidative stress (OS) are linked to cardiometabolic risk factors and clinical cardiovascular disease. However, whether body fat distribution (android vs gynoid) is associated with OS remains unknown. We hypothesized that increased android fat will be associated with greater OS. Body fat distribution and markers of OS, including plasma levels of reduced (cysteine and glutathione) and oxidized (cystine and glutathione disulfide) aminothiols, were estimated in 711 volunteers (67% female, 23% black, mean age 48 ± 11) enrolled in the Emory Georgia Tech Predictive Health study...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095010/-metabolic-syndrome-and-visceral-fat-in-women-with-cardiovascular-risk-factor
#10
Anxela Soto Rodríguez, José Luis García Soidán, Mª Jesús Arias Gómez, Raquel Leirós Rodríguez, Alberto Del Álamo Alonso, Mª Reyes Pérez Fernández
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in women after menopause, since after this stage there are profound metabolic and hormonal changes which favor the development of metabolic syndrome. An increase in the percentage of visceral fat may be related to the onset of this syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To establish the relationship between visceral fat and parameters of the metabolic syndrome and to determine the optimal cut-off point for the variables related to obesity in women with a cardiovascular risk factor...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077565/-risk-factors-for-atherosclerosis-in-obese-children-aged-6-12-years
#11
Alicja Karney, Hanna Brągoszewska, Leszek Soluch, Mariusz Ołtarzewski
Obesity in children causes metabolic and structural changes in blood vessels which lead to the development of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the risk factors for atherosclerosis in obese children studied in the One-Day Hospitalization Department of the Institute of Mother and Child. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 75 children aged 6-12 years (36 boys, 39 girls) with aBMI>97th percentile. The control group consisted of 36 children aged 5-10 years (18 boys, 18 girls) with a BMI of 75-90...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073165/negative-legacy-of-obesity
#12
Kohsuke Shirakawa, Jin Endo, Yoshinori Katsumata, Tsunehisa Yamamoto, Masaharu Kataoka, Sarasa Isobe, Naohiro Yoshida, Keiichi Fukuda, Motoaki Sano
Obesity promotes excessive inflammation, which is associated with senescence-like changes in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and the development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases. We have reported that a unique population of CD44hi CD62Llo CD4+ T cells that constitutively express PD-1 and CD153 exhibit cellular senescence and cause VAT inflammation by producing large amounts of osteopontin. Weight loss improves glycemic control and reduces cardiovascular disease risk factors, but its long-term effects on cardiovascular events and longevity in obese individuals with T2DM are somewhat disappointing and not well understood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068582/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-pharmacy-students-from-wroclaw-medical-university-poland
#13
Rafał Ilow, Dorota Różańska, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic processes begin in childhood and their development worsens during adolescence. Early prevention of CVD risk factors may have an important impact on the future health of young people. It can be also helpful in reducing the costs of treating CVD later in life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors among pharmacy students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 1,168 pharmacy students (892 women and 276 men) from Wroclaw Medical University...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055392/sleep-apnea-an-overlooked-cause-of-lipotoxicity
#14
Chenjuan Gu, Haris Younas, Jonathan C Jun
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanisms by which OSA causes cardiometabolic dysfunction are not fully elucidated. OSA increases plasma free fatty acids (FFA) during sleep, reflecting excessive adipose tissue lipolysis. In animal studies, intermittent hypoxia simulating OSA also increases FFA, and the increase is attenuated by beta-adrenergic blockade. In other contexts, excessive plasma FFA can lead to ectopic fat accumulation, insulin resistance, vascular dysfunction, and dyslipidemia...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974742/the-relative-contribution-of-metabolic-and-structural-abnormalities-to-diastolic-dysfunction-in-obesity
#15
J J Rayner, R Banerjee, C J Holloway, A J M Lewis, M A Peterzan, J M Francis, S Neubauer, O J Rider
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes diastolic dysfunction, and is one of the leading causes of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Myocardial relaxation is determined by both active metabolic processes such as impaired energetic status and steatosis, as well as intrinsic myocardial remodelling. However, the relative contribution of each to diastolic dysfunction in obesity is currently unknown. METHODS: 80 adult subjects (48 male) with no cardiovascular risk factors across a wide range of body mass indices (18...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945809/association-of-body-shape-index-absi-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-of-6081-caucasian-adults
#16
Simona Bertoli, Alessandro Leone, Nir Y Krakauer, Giorgio Bedogni, Angelo Vanzulli, Valentino Ippocrates Redaelli, Ramona De Amicis, Laila Vignati, Jesse C Krakauer, Alberto Battezzati
A Body Shape Index (ABSI) was specifically developed as a transformation of waist circumference (WC), statistically independent of BMI to better evaluate the relative contribution of WC to central obesity and clinical outcomes. Previous studies have found ABSI is associated with total mortality and cardiovascular events. However, no study has specifically evaluated the joint contribution of ABSI and BMI to cardio-metabolic outcomes (high triglycerides, low HDL, high fasting glucose and high blood pressure)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936403/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-lean-subjects-characteristics-and-implications
#17
REVIEW
Ramesh Kumar, Shantam Mohan
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is commonly diagnosed in obese subjects; however, it is not rare among lean individuals. Given the absence of traditional risk factors, it tends to remain under-recognised. The metabolic profiles of lean NAFLD patients are frequently comparable to those of obese NAFLD patients. Though results from several studies have been mixed, it has been generally revealed that lean subjects with NAFLD have minor insulin resistance compared to that in obese NAFLD. Several genetic variants are associated with NAFLD without insulin resistance...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932012/the-effects-of-abdominal-interferential-current-therapy-on-waist-circumference-and-visceral-fat-distance-in-obese-women
#18
Young-Han Park, Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interferential current therapy on the waist circumference and visceral fat length in obese women. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, we selected 30 patients whose body mass index was over 25 kg/m(2). The subjects were randomly assigned to receive interferential current therapy three times a week for four weeks (n=15) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation three times a week for four weeks (n=15). Waist circumference was measured in cm using a tape measure with the participant in an upright posture, and the length of visceral fat was measured using a high-resolution, B-mode ultrasound machine...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922364/association-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-with-serum-level-of-cystatin-c-in-type-2-diabetes
#19
Tomomi Murai, Noriko Takebe, Kan Nagasawa, Yusuke Todate, Riyuki Nakagawa, Rieko Nakano, Mari Hangai, Yutaka Hasegawa, Yoshihiko Takahashi, Kunihiro Yoshioka, Yasushi Ishigaki
OBJECTIVE: Accumulation of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is considered to be a cardiovascular risk factor independent from visceral adiposity, obesity, hypertension and diabetes. We explored the parameters related to EAT accumulation, aiming to clarify the novel pathophysiological roles of EAT in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: We examined the laboratory values, including cystatinC, and surrogate markers used for evaluating atherosclerosis. EAT was measured as the sum of the adipose tissue area, obtained by plain computed tomography scans in 208 subjects with T2DM but no history of coronary artery disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894050/compounds-of-psoriasis-with-obesity-and-overweight
#20
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Waldemar Placek
Many epidemiological studies have confirmed the relationship of obesity and psoriasis, and it is believed that obesity is an independent risk factor for its development and is associated with a worse prognosis. Furthermore, the reduction of body weight, using low-calorie diet combined with exercise, reduces the severity of psoriasis.Visceral adipose tissue is the largest endocrine organ, producing proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-17) and adipokines (adiponectin, omentin, chemerin). They participate in the development of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, diabetes, and consequently of the cardiovascular diseases...
August 24, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
keyword
keyword
104386
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"