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ascorbic cancer

Tshepiso Jan Makhafola, Esameldin Elzein Elgorashi, Lyndy Joy McGaw, Luc Verschaeve, Jacobus Nicolaas Eloff
BACKGROUND: Antimutagenic activity of plant extracts is important in the discovery of new, effective cancer preventing agents. There is increasing evidence that cancer and other mutation-related diseases can be prevented by intake of DNA protective agents. The identification of antimutagenic agents present in plants presents an effective strategy to inhibit pathogenic processes resulting from exposure to mutagenic and/or carcinogenic substances present in the environment. There are no reports on the antimutagenic activities of the plant species investigated in this study...
November 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Claire M Doskey, Visarut Buranasudja, Brett A Wagner, Justin G Wilkes, Juan Du, Joseph J Cullen, Garry R Buettner
Ascorbate (AscH(-)) functions as a versatile reducing agent. At pharmacological doses (P-AscH(-); [plasma AscH(-)] ≥≈20mM), achievable through intravenous delivery, oxidation of P-AscH(-) can produce a high flux of H2O2 in tumors. Catalase is the major enzyme for detoxifying high concentrations of H2O2. We hypothesize that sensitivity of tumor cells to P-AscH(-) compared to normal cells is due to their lower capacity to metabolize H2O2. Rate constants for removal of H2O2 (kcell) and catalase activities were determined for 15 tumor and 10 normal cell lines of various tissue types...
December 2016: Redox Biology
Kai-Hung Wang, An-Pei Kao, Chia-Cheng Chang, Ta-Chin Lin, Tsung-Cheng Kuo
We have previously reported the isolation and culture of a human breast epithelial cell type with stem cell characteristics (Type I HBEC) from reduction mammoplasty using the MSU-1 medium. Subsequently, we have developed several different normal human adult stem cell types from different tissues using the K-NAC medium. In this study, we determined whether this low calcium K-NAC medium with antioxidants (N-acetyl-L-cysteine and L-ascorbic acid-2-phosphate) is a better medium to grow human breast epithelial cells...
2016: Stem Cells International
Elizabeth J Campbell, Margreet Cm Vissers, Gabi U Dachs
In solid tumors, HIF1 upregulates the expression of hundreds of genes involved in cell survival, tumor growth, and adaptation to the hypoxic microenvironment. HIF1 stabilization and activity are suppressed by prolyl and asparagine hydroxylases, which require oxygen as a substrate and ascorbate as a cofactor. This has led us to hypothesize that intracellular ascorbate availability could modify the hypoxic HIF1 response and influence tumor growth. In this study, we investigated the effect of variable intracellular ascorbate levels on HIF1 induction in cancer cells in vitro, and on tumor-take rate and growth in the Gulo(-/-) mouse...
2016: Hypoxia
Yuxin Liu, Ge Zhang, Quanwei Guo, Liyi Ma, Qi Jia, Lidong Liu, Jing Zhou
Multifunctional nanomaterials for cancer diagnosis and therapy have recently prompted widespread concern. To avoid nanotoxicity, the development of novel degradable functional materials must be our main focus. In this study, we firstly developed ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid calcium disodium salt (EDTA)- and bovine serum albumin (BSA)-capped Mn3O4 nanoparticles (MONPs-BSA-EDTA) as a novel inorganic nanomaterials for multifunctional imaging-guided photothermal therapy, which can be degraded in a progress-controlled way by artificially introduced ascorbic acid...
October 17, 2016: Biomaterials
Hung-Wei Yang, Rung-Ywan Tsai, Jung-Po Chen, Shin-Pon Ju, Jing-Fong Liao, KuoChen Wei, Wei-Lun Zou, Mu-Yi Hua
A simple and accurate device for early detection of malignancies is paramount for prompt treatment and prevention of metastases. In this study, we describe a novel fabrication method for producing an ordered nano-gold-dot array with strong localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) and narrow bandwidth. The array was used as an optical bio-sensing chip for the detection of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human serum. The biochip was constructed by conjugating an anti-VEGF antibody, a specific bio-recognition element for VEGF, onto the array via the fragment crystallizable (Fc) region of the antibody, ultimately increasing the efficiency of VEGF detection...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
M Ravera, E Gabano, I Zanellato, E Perin, A Arrais, D Osella
Nonporous silica nanoparticles (SNPs) with an external shell containing primary amino groups were proposed as potential delivery systems for Pt(iv) antitumor prodrugs. Spherical SNPs containing two different external arms, i.e. 3-aminopropyl and N-(6-aminohexyl)aminomethylene, of around 125 nm hydrodynamic diameter were loaded with two different cisplatin-based Pt(iv) complexes, namely (OC-6-44)-diamminedichloridoethoxidosuccinatoplatinum(iv) and (OC-6-44)-diamminedichloridoacetylamidosuccinatoplatinum(iv), through the formation of amide bonds between the pendant amino groups on SNPs and the free carboxylic group of the complexes...
October 6, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Pardhasaradhi Mathi, Ganesh Kumar Veeramachaneni, K Kranthi Raj, Venkateswara Rao Talluri, Venkata Raman Bokka, Mahendran Botlagunta
Sophora interrupta Bedd, (Fabaceae) is used in Indian folk medicine to treat cancer. Angiogenesis is one of the crucial characteristics of cancer metastasis and is regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In this study, we examined the antiangiogenic properties of the root ethyl acetate extract of Sophora interrupta by various methods. In vitro antioxidant activity (100-600 μg/ml) of S. interrupta ethyl acetate (SEA) extract was evaluated by DPPH and ABTS, anti-inflammatory activity (50, 100 and 150 μg/ml) by estimating nitric oxide (NO) levels, anti-angiogenic activity (200 and 500 μg/ml) was validated by chorio allantoic membrane (CAM) assay and in silico molecular dynamic (MD) simulations analyses (25 ns) were performed to identify the anti-angiogenic compounds extracted from root extract...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Modeling
B G Allen, J D Schoenfeld, Z A Sibenaller, K A Mapuskar, M Furqan, T Abu Hejleh, B Wagner, J J Cullen, G R Buettner, J Buatti, D Spitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Anna Escolà, Margarita Crespo, Concepción López, Josefina Quirante, Anusha Jayaraman, Ibrahim H Polat, Josefa Badía, Laura Baldomà, Marta Cascante
A series of cyclometallated platinum(IV) compounds (3a, 3a' and 3b') with a meridional [C,N,N'] terdentate ligand, featuring an halido and an aryl group in the axial positions has been evaluated for electrochemical reduction and preliminary biological behavior against a panel of human adenocarcinoma (A-549 lung, HCT-116 colon, and MCF-7 breast) cell lines and the normal bronquial epithelial BEAS-2B cells. Cathodic reduction potentials (shifting from -1.463 to -1.570V) reveal that the platinum(IV) compounds under study would be highly reluctant to be reduced in a biological environment...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Bao-Li Fei, Bin Yin, Dong-Dong Li, Wu-Shuang Xu, Yang Lu
To develop chiral anticancer drug candidates for molecular target DNA, the synthesis and characterization of a novel enantiomerically pure copper(II) complex [Cu 1 Cl 2 ] (2) of an optically pure ligand N-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene) dehydroabietylamine (1) was carried out. The coordination geometry of the copper center is a distorted square-planar arrangement. The interactions of 1 and 2 with salmon sperm DNA were investigated by viscosity measurements, UV, fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopic techniques...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
Zenglin Pei, Xuan Zhang, Chunxia Ji, Song-Mei Liu, Jin Wang
Ascorbate is a pro-oxidant that generates hydrogen peroxide-dependent cytotoxity in cancer cells without adversely affecting normal cells. To determine the mechanistic basis for this phenotype, we selected Burkitt lymphoma cells resistant to ascorbate (JLPR cells) and their ascorbate-sensitive parental cells (JLPS cells). Compared with JLPS cells, the increased glucose uptake in JLPR cells (with upregulated glucose transporters, increased antioxidant enzyme activity, and altered cell cycling) conferred ascorbate-induced cytotoxicity and resistance...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Andrew G Cox, Allison Tsomides, Andrew J Kim, Diane Saunders, Katie L Hwang, Kimberley J Evason, Jerry Heidel, Kristin K Brown, Min Yuan, Evan C Lien, Byung Cheon Lee, Sahar Nissim, Bryan Dickinson, Sagar Chhangawala, Christopher J Chang, John M Asara, Yariv Houvras, Vadim N Gladyshev, Wolfram Goessling
Selenium, an essential micronutrient known for its cancer prevention properties, is incorporated into a class of selenocysteine-containing proteins (selenoproteins). Selenoprotein H (SepH) is a recently identified nucleolar oxidoreductase whose function is not well understood. Here we report that seph is an essential gene regulating organ development in zebrafish. Metabolite profiling by targeted LC-MS/MS demonstrated that SepH deficiency impairs redox balance by reducing the levels of ascorbate and methionine, while increasing methionine sulfoxide...
September 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
John Cha, M Waheed Roomi, Tatiana Kalinovsky, Aleksandra Niedzwiecki, Matthias Rath
Cancer progression is characterized by loss of extracellular matrix (ECM) integrity, which is a precondition for tumor growth and metastasis. In order to elucidate the precise mechanisms of ECM degradation in cancer we used a genetically modified mouse mimicking two distinct human metabolic features associated with carcinogenesis, the lack of endogenous vitamin C synthesis and the production of human Lp(a). Female Lp(a)+; Gulo(-/-) and control wild-type Balb/c mice without these two metabolic features were orthotopically inoculated with 4T1 breast cancer cells (5x105)...
September 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Sven H C Askes, Wim Pomp, Samantha L Hopkins, Alexander Kros, Si Wu, Thomas Schmidt, Sylvestre Bonnet
Light upconversion is a very powerful tool in bioimaging as it can eliminate autofluorescence, increase imaging contrast, reduce irradiation damage, and increase excitation penetration depth in vivo. In particular, triplet-triplet annihilation upconverting (TTA-UC) nanoparticles and liposomes offer high upconversion efficiency at low excitation power. However, TTA-UC is quenched in air by oxygen, which also leads to the formation of toxic singlet oxygen. In this work, polyisobutylene-monomethyl polyethylene glycol block copolymers are synthesized and used for preparing polymersomes that upconvert red light into blue light in absence of oxygen...
August 29, 2016: Small
Elizabeth J Campbell, Margreet C M Vissers, Christina Wohlrab, Kevin O Hicks, R Matthew Strother, Stephanie M Bozonet, Bridget A Robinson, Gabi U Dachs
Despite recent evidence for an anti-tumour role for high-dose ascorbate, potential mechanisms of action are still unclear. At mM concentrations that are achieved with high-dose intravenous administration, autoxidation of ascorbate can generate cytotoxic levels of H2O2. Ascorbate is also a required co-factor for the hydroxylases that suppress the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1). HIF-1 supports an aggressive tumour phenotype and is associated with poor prognosis, and previous studies have shown that optimizing intracellular ascorbate levels down-regulates HIF-1 activation...
August 24, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Naihao Lu, Yun Ding, Rong Tian, Zhen Yang, Jianfa Chen, Yi-Yuan Peng
The high heme content in red meat is associated with an increased risk of developing cancer. Pharmacologic concentrations of ascorbate can specifically kill a wide range of cancer cells. In this study, the impact of ascorbate at pharmacologic concentrations on hemoglobin (Hb)-modulated human hepatoma HepG2 cell survival was investigated. It was found that HepG2 cells were proliferated by Hb (5-25μM), but killed by high pharmacologic concentrations of ascorbate (2-10mM). Although ascorbate at the low pharmacologic concentration (0...
November 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
M A Zaimy, A Jebali, B Bazrafshan, S Mehrtashfar, S Shabani, A Tavakoli, S H Hekmatimoghaddam, A Sarli, H Azizi, P Izadi, B Kazemi, A Shojaei, A Abdalaian, J Tavakkoly-Bazzaz
The aim of this study was to evaluate an engineered nanostructure to silence five important oncogenes, including BAG1, MDM2, Bcl-2, BIRC5 (survivin) and XIAP, in acute myeloid leukemia subtype 2 (AML-M2). The smart nanostructures were functionalized gold nanoparticles (FGNs) containing five antisense oligonucleotides (AOs) and one anti-CD33(+)/CD34(+) aptamer. First, the best AO for each gene was selected with the OligoWalk online software, and then different arrangements of AOs were evaluated with the RNAstructure software...
September 2016: Cancer Gene Therapy
S A Jung, D H Lee, J H Moon, S W Hong, J S Shin, I Y Hwang, Y J Shin, J H Kim, E Y Gong, S M Kim, E Y Lee, S Lee, J E Kim, K P Kim, Y S Hong, J S Lee, D H Jin, T Kim, W J Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Venla Loimu, Tiina Seppälä, Mika Kapanen, Laura Tuomikoski, Heidi Nurmi, Antti Mäkitie, Mikko Tenhunen, Kauko Saarilahti
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: Permanent xerostomia as a result of radiation-induced salivary gland damage remains a common side effect of radiotherapy (RT) of the head and neck. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) in assessing the post-RT salivary gland function in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 20 HNC patients scheduled for bilateral neck chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with weekly cisplatin went through diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and salivary gland scintigraphy (SGS) prior to and at a mean of six months after completing the treatment...
July 27, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
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