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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782537/changes-in-the-vibration-sensitivity-and-pressure-pain-thresholds-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome
#1
Brenda de Souza Moura, Natália Dos Reis Ferreira, Marcos F DosSantos, Maria Elisa Rangel Janini
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of changes in vibration detection and pressure pain threshold in patients with burning-mouth syndrome (BMS). DESIGN OF THE STUDY: Case-control study. The sample was composed of 30 volunteers, 15 with BMS and 15 in the control group. The pressure-pain threshold (PPT) and vibration-detection threshold (VDT) were examined. The clinical evaluation was complemented with the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ), Douleur Neuropathique 4 (DN4) and Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories (BDI and BAI, respectively)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779976/the-discovery-and-preclinical-evaluation-of-bms-707035-a-potent-hiv-1-integrase-strand-transfer-inhibitor
#2
B Narasimhulu Naidu, Michael A Walker, Margaret E Sorenson, Yasutsugu Ueda, John D Matiskella, Timothy P Connolly, Ira B Dicker, Zeyu Lin, Sagarika Bollini, Brian J Terry, Helen Higley, Ming Zheng, Dawn D Parker, Dedong Wu, Stephen Adams, Mark R Krystal, Nicholas A Meanwell
BMS-707035 is an HIV-1 integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) discovered by systematic optimization of N-methylpyrimidinone carboxamides guided by structure-activity relationships (SARs) and the single crystal X-ray structure of compound 10. It was rationalized that the unexpectedly advantageous profiles of N-methylpyrimidinone carboxamides with a saturated C2-substitutent may be due, in part, to the geometric relationship between the C2-substituent and the pyrimidinone core. The single crystal X-ray structure of 10 provided support for this reasoning and guided the design of a spirocyclic series 12 which led to discovery of the morpholino-fused pyrimidinone series 13...
May 14, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779962/implementation-of-drug-eluting-stents-for-the-treatment-of-femoropopliteal-disease-provides-significant-cost-to-system-savings-in-a-single-state-outpatient-simulation
#3
Natalie Domenick Sridharan, Nathan Liang, Darve Robinson, Efthymios Avgerinos, Edith Tzeng, Michel S Makaroun, Rabih A Chaer, Mohammad H Eslami
OBJECTIVES: Initial data on drug-eluting stents (DES) shows that they may increase the durability of endovascular treatment of superficial femoral artery disease compared with traditional bare metal stents (BMS). Observed decreased target lesion revascularization (TLR) rates have potential for cost savings despite an increased initial cost. The purpose of this study was to run a simulation model of progressive transition from BMS to DES over 5 years evaluating the overall cost impact of that transition...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777310/mechanical-sensitivity-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-burning-mouth-syndrome
#4
Mika Honda, Takashi Iida, Hirona Kamiyama, Manabu Masuda, Misao Kawara, Peter Svensson, Osamu Komiyama
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare mechanical sensitivity on the tongue using quantitative sensory testing (QST) and psychological factors using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) between burning mouth syndrome (BMS) patients and healthy participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants comprised 20 female BMS patients (68.1 ± 7.4 years) and 20 healthy females (65.4 ± 4.6 years). Psychological factors were evaluated with GHQ. Tactile detection thresholds (TDT) and filament-prick pain detection thresholds (FPT) were used to evaluate mechanical sensitivity on the tongue in all participants...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772367/patterns-of-clinical-utilization-of-stereotactic-laser-ablation-sla-an-analysis-of-the-multi-center-prospective-registry
#5
Robert C Rennert, Usman Khan, Stephen B Tatter, Melvin Field, Brian Toyota, Peter E Fecci, Kevin Judy, Alireza M Mohammadi, Patrick Landazuri, Andrew Sloan, Eric Leuthardt, Clark C Chen
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic laser ablation (SLA), also termed laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT), is a minimally invasive procedure that is increasingly utilized in neurosurgery. We wished to examine how/if SLA is changing the landscape of treatment options for neurosurgical patients. METHODS: Patients undergoing stereotactic laser ablation were prospectively enrolled in the Laser Ablation of Abnormal Neurological Tissue (LAANTERN) registry. Data from the first 100 enrolled patients are presented here...
May 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768137/organic-amendments-beneficial-microbes-and-soil-microbiota-toward-a-unified-framework-for-disease-suppression
#6
Giuliano Bonanomi, Matteo Lorito, Francesco Vinale, Sheridan L Woo
Organic amendments (OAs) and soilborne biocontrol agents or beneficial microbes (BMs) have been extensively studied and applied worldwide in most agriculturally important plant species. However, poor integration of research and technical approaches has limited the development of effective disease management practices based on the combination of these two bio-based strategies. Insights into the importance of the plant-associated microbiome for crop productivity, which can be modified or modulated by introducing OAs and/or BMs, are providing novel opportunities to achieve the goal of long-term disease control...
May 16, 2018: Annual Review of Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763919/inhalation-of-hydrogen-of-different-concentrations-ameliorates-spinal-cord-injury-in-mice-by-protecting-spinal-cord-neurons-from-apoptosis-oxidative-injury-and-mitochondrial-structure-damages
#7
Xiao Chen, Jin Cui, Xiao Zhai, Jun Zhang, Zhengrong Gu, Xin Zhi, Weizong Weng, Panpan Pan, Liehu Cao, Fang Ji, Zhiwei Wang, Jiacan Su
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hydrogen selectively neutralizes reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ameliorates various ROS-induced injuries. Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious injury to the central nervous system, and secondary SCI is closely related to excessive ROS generation. We hypothesized that hydrogen inhalation ameliorates SCI, and the mechanism of action may be related to the protective effects of hydrogen against oxidative stress, apoptosis, and mitochondrial damage. METHODS: Mechanically injured spinal cord neurons were incubated with different concentrations of hydrogen in vitro...
May 10, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759512/drug-eluting-stents-versus-bare-metal-stents-in-saphenous-vein-grafts-a-double-blind-randomised-trial
#8
Emmanouil S Brilakis, Robert Edson, Deepak L Bhatt, Steven Goldman, David R Holmes, Sunil V Rao, Kendrick Shunk, Bavana V Rangan, Kreton Mavromatis, Kodangudi Ramanathan, Anthony A Bavry, Santiago Garcia, Faisal Latif, Ehrin Armstrong, Hani Jneid, Todd A Conner, Todd Wagner, Judit Karacsonyi, Lauren Uyeda, Beverly Ventura, Aaron Alsleben, Ying Lu, Mei-Chiung Shih, Subhash Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) for reducing aortocoronary saphenous vein bypass graft (SVG) failure compared with bare-metal stents (BMS) in patients undergoing stenting of de-novo SVG lesions. We assessed the risks and benefits of the use of DES versus BMS in de-novo SVG lesions. METHODS: Patients were recruited to our double-blind, randomised controlled trial from 25 US Department of Veterans Affairs centres. Eligible participants were aged at least 18 years and had at least one significant de-novo SVG lesion (50-99% stenosis of a 2·25-4·5 mm diameter SVG) requiring percutaneous coronary intervention with intent to use embolic protection devices...
May 11, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758468/overcoming-the-stability-solubility-and-extraction-challenges-in-reversed-phase-uhplc-ms-ms-bioanalysis-of-a-phosphate-drug-and-its-prodrug-in-blood-lysate
#9
Long Yuan, Shenita Basdeo, Qin C Ji
BMS-986104 is a S1P1 R modulator drug candidate under development and has been evaluated in Phase I clinical trials. BMS-986104 functions as a prodrug and undergoes enzymatic transformations in vivo to form the pharmacologically active phosphate drug, BMS-986104-P. Here, we report approaches to overcome the stability, solubility and extraction challenges in developing a sensitive, accurate and rugged LC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous quantification of the phosphate drug and its prodrug in blood lysate. An effective stabilization strategy using a cocktail of phosphatase and kinase inhibitors was developed to ensure the stability of both analytes during sample collection, storage, and processing...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757936/formula-milk-supplementation-on-the-postnatal-ward-a-cross-sectional-analytical-study
#10
Kirsty V Biggs, Katherine Hurrell, Eleanor Matthews, Ekaterina Khaleva, Daniel Munblit, Robert J Boyle
Breastfeeding rates are low in the UK, where approximately one quarter of infants receive a breastmilk substitute (BMS) in the first week of life. We investigated the reasons for early BMS use in two large maternity units in the UK, in order to understand the reasons for the high rate of early BMS use in this setting. Data were collected through infant feeding records, as well as maternal and midwife surveys in 2016. During 2016, 28% of infants received a BMS supplement prior to discharge from the hospital maternity units with only 10% supplementation being clinically indicated...
May 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754850/biologic-drug-effect-and-particulate-embolization-of-drug-eluting-stents-versus-drug-coated-balloons-in-healthy-swine-femoropopliteal-arteries
#11
Sho Torii, Kazuyuki Yahagi, Hiroyoshi Mori, Emanuel Harari, Maria E Romero, Frank D Kolodgie, Brandt Young, Anthony Ragheb, Renu Virmani, Aloke V Finn
PURPOSE: To compare the drug effect in treated vessels and downstream effects in distal skeletal muscle of drug-coated balloons (DCBs) and drug-eluting stents (DESs) in a healthy preclinical swine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four groups of treated iliofemoral arteries (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty [PTA]+DES, DCB+DES, DCB+bare metal stent [BMS], and DCB alone) of 12 healthy swine were assessed, with euthanasia at 30 days. Biological drug effect was evaluated using smooth muscle cell (SMC) loss score according to both depth and circumference as well a neointimal fibrin and medial proteoglycan scores which were compared between the 4 groups...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749621/the-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-percutaneous-intervention-with-drug-eluting-stent-vs-bare-metal-stent-in-saphenous-vein-graft-disease-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-all-randomized-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
Babikir Kheiri, Mohammed Osman, Ahmed Abdalla, Sahar Ahmed, Ghassan Bachuwa, Mustafa Hassan
The use of drug-eluting stents (DES) vs bare-metal stents (BMS) in saphenous vein graft (SVG) lesions remains controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis of all randomized clinical trials comparing the outcomes of DES with BMS in SVG percutaneous coronary interventions. A search of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, and Clinicaltrials.gov was performed for all randomized clinical trials. We evaluated the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of the following: all-cause mortality, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), definite/probable stent thrombosis, target lesion revascularization (TLR), and target-vessel revascularization (TVR)...
May 11, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745036/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-brain-metastasis-screening-in-the-era-of-positron-emission-tomography-ct-staging-current-practice-and-outcomes
#13
Mauricio E Diaz, Maciej Debowski, Craig Hukins, David Fielding, Kwun M Fong, Catherine S Bettington
INTRODUCTION: Several clinical guidelines indicate that brain metastasis screening (BMS) should be guided by disease stage in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We estimate that screening is performed more broadly in practice, and patients undergo brain imaging at considerable cost with questionable benefit. Our aim was to quantify the use and detection rate of BMS in a contemporary cohort staged with 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of prospectively collected data from three major lung cancer referral centres in Brisbane between January 2011 and December 2015...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743620/novel-polymer-free-everolimus-eluting-stent-fabricated-using-femtosecond-laser-improves-re-endothelialization-and-anti-inflammation
#14
In-Ho Bae, Myung Ho Jeong, Kyung Seob Lim, Dae Sung Park, Jae Won Shim, Jun-Kyu Park, Kwang Hwan Oh, Mi Rim Jin, Doo Sun Sim
The aim of this study was to fabricate a novel polymer-free everolimus-eluting stent with nanostructure using a femtosecond laser (FSL). The stent were coated with everolimus (EVL) using FSL and electrospinning processes. The surface was rendered hydrophobic, which negatively affected both platelet adhesion (82.1%) and smooth muscle cell response. Animal study was performed using a porcine coronary restenosis model. The study groups were divided into 1) bare metal stent (BMS), 2) poly(L-lactide) (PLA)-based EVL drug eluting stent (DES), 3) commercial EVL-eluting DES, and 4) FSL-EVL-DES...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737505/drug-eluting-stents-for-treatment-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#15
REVIEW
Kazeen Abdullah, Bassel Bou Dargham, Micah Steinbrecher, Bo Sun, Zhao Huiqiang, Houman Khalili, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Subhash Banerjee
Endovascular intervention is a mainstay treatment of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in addition to aggressive risk factor modification and exercise programs in patients with favorable anatomy or in those who are considered too high risk for surgical intervention. Treatment with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and bare metal stents (BMS) has been limited by high rates of in-stent restenosis (ISR) requiring repeat revascularization. Drug-eluting stents (DES), developed and designed to reduce ISR, offer a promising solution to the current challenges in endovascular management of PAD...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737242/bms-493-modulates-retinoic-acid-induced-differentiation-during-expansion-of-human-hematopoietic-progenitor-cells-for-islet-regeneration
#16
Ruth Marise Elgamal, Gillian I Bell, Sarah Krause, David A Hess
Cellular therapies are emerging as a novel treatment strategy for diabetes. Thus, the induction of endogenous islet regeneration in situ represents a feasible goal for diabetes therapy. Umbilical cord blood (UCB)-derived hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) isolated by high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH<sup>hi</sup>) have previously been shown to reduce hyperglycemia after intrapancreatic (iPan) transplantation into streptozotocin (STZ)-treated non-obese diabetic (NOD) severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice...
May 8, 2018: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730600/efficacy-of-pharmacological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-opioid-induced-constipation-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#17
Pavit Luthra, Nicholas E Burr, Darren M Brenner, Alexander C Ford
OBJECTIVE: Opioids are increasingly prescribed in the West and have deleterious GI consequences. Pharmacological therapies to treat opioid-induced constipation (OIC) are available, but their relative efficacy is unclear. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to address this deficit in current knowledge. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, EMBASE Classic and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials through to December 2017 to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of pharmacological therapies in the treatment of adults with OIC...
May 5, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726919/canvasdesigner-a-versatile-interactive-high-resolution-scientific-multi-panel-visualization-toolkit
#18
Baohong Zhang, Shanrong Zhao, Isaac Neuhaus
Summary: We present a bioinformatics and systems biology visualization toolkit harmonizing real time interactive exploring and analyzing of big data, full-fledged customizing of look-n-feel, and producing multi-panel publication-ready figures in PDF format simultaneously. Availability: Source code and detailed user guides are available at http://canvasxpress.org, https://baohongz.github.io/canvasDesigner, and https://baohongz.github.io/canvasDesigner/demo_video...
May 3, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726292/treating-brain-metastases-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-what-have-we-learnt-from-pharmaceutical-recent-clinical-trials
#19
Bin-Chi Liao, Chia-Chi Lin, James Chih-Hsin Yang
Brain metastases (BMs) develop in up to 40% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In many recent practice-changing clinical trials, patients with BM were included; however, only few trials reported intracranial efficacies in either post hoc or pre-planned analysis. Clinically meaningful intracranial efficacy data of novel agents have not been completely disclosed. Areas covered: The authors performed a systemic review of recent pharmaceutical clinical trials, mainly pivotal or practice-changing trials...
May 4, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724499/changes-in-weight-associated-with-telotristat-ethyl-in-the-treatment-of-carcinoid-syndrome
#20
Martin O Weickert, Gregory Kaltsas, Dieter Hörsch, Pablo Lapuerta, Marianne Pavel, Juan W Valle, Martyn E Caplin, Emily Bergsland, Pamela L Kunz, Lowell B Anthony, Enrique Grande, Kjell Öberg, Staffan Welin, Catherine Lombard-Bohas, John K Ramage, Ashwin Kittur, Qi M Yang, Matthew H Kulke
PURPOSE: In the placebo-controlled Phase III TELESTAR (Telotristat Etiprate for Somatostatin Analogue Not Adequately Controlled Carcinoid Syndrome) trial, the oral tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor telotristat ethyl significantly reduced bowel movement (BM) frequency during a 12-week, double-blind treatment period in 135 patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors with carcinoid syndrome and ≥4 BMs per day. Patients (mean [SD] age, 63.5 [8.9] years; mean [SD] body mass index, 24.9 [4...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
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